The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on July 26, 1954 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Monday, July 26, 1954
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS VOL. L—NO. 105 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily News Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald THE DOMKTANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI ^-^»—1^^^— II '^^ rtM«^*^-^^^^^^^^^— - .^^^— _« HIV ^_^_ B .._ __ - - - — BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, JULY 26, 1954 TWELVE PAGES SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Candidates in Final Sound and Flurry Governor Aspirants Plan Last TV Appeals By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Relatively quiet yesterday, the governors race is expected to blossom into a flurry of action today as the candidates make their last appeals for votes in tomorrow's Democratic primary. Gov. Francis Cherry and two of his opponents—Guy Jones of Conway and Gus McMillan of Sheridan —let yesterday pass without anything resembling a tremor of politicking coming from their camps. But Orval Faubus, the other Cherry opponent, stuck to his favorite target—Cherry's record- in a TV appearance last night. The Huntsville publisher lashed the governor again for his alleged part in the utility rate increases, for not taking better care of the state's aged and needy, and for talking of a IOC per cent property tax assessment. Three on TV Today's election - eve program sends at least three of the candidates before the TV cameras. Cherry, Jones and Faubus all are scheduled to spend today in and out of their Little Bock headquarters, talking with voters and shaking a few hands. Then they will top the campaign with night TV addresses over KATV and KARK-TV. Faubus will open the political parade with a 30-minute program starting at 6 p.m. Cherry will follow with-a 30-minute program starting at 8 p.m. and Jones will go on the air for a 15-minute talk at 9:45 p.m. In his TV appearance last night Faubus laid special emphasis on his efforts to place the blame for utility rate increases squarely on Cherry's doorstep. "Maybe it (the rate hike) is temporary," Faubus said, "but who knows?" He asked his audience to remember when they pay their utility bills this month that "Cherry's Public Service Commission ftas allowed this rate." Refutes Charge Cherry has refuted the charge. And the members of the Public Service Commission came to his aid Saturday with a statement, signed by Chairman Lewis Robinson, Dennis Horton and Tom Lovett, which said: "The Public Service Commission feels that it is forced to reassert to the people that the recent rate increases of gas and electric companies have not been approved ..The Commission has no way -under the law to prohibit the increase prior to the hearing, when bond is made." Cherry and Faubus both are pre- Cherry without the need fromaruri- decting victory for themselves, Cherry without the need for a runoff. The other candidate for the nomination, Gus McMillan of Sheridan, announced no plans for today. The governor and his wife will go to Jonesboro tdnight after his TV appearance. They will vote at Jonesboro and host an open house which will be broadcast from 7:30 to 8:30 a.m. 15 Get Draft Physicals 18 Face Induction Call August 2 Fifteen men were sent by Mississippi County Draft Board No. 47 this morning for physical examinations, according to Miss Rosie Saliba. clerk. \ The call was for 20 men. One volunteered, one transferred from another board, five transferred to other boards and two failed to report. Next call will be for 18 men for induction Aug. 2. Those leaving today were: Marvin Hall,' Jessie It. Oldham, Jeirry M. Fran'kum, Jr., Calvin Peterson, George L. Wilson and Maurice R. VanHook, Jr., all of Blytheville; Vaughn L. Shownes, Morris Simpson, Jr., and Thomas C. May, all of Manila; Lowell M. Coffman, of Joiner; James T. Weathers of Burdette, Ambrose M, Martin and Joe E. Kilburn both of Osceola; Bobby F. Harris of Dyess; Isadore Johnson of Driv*?.. Those failing to report were, Elbert 2. Thurman of Blytheville and Jack R. Clement of Walnut Ridge. Here's What County Voting Will Decide: With the total vote turnout anybody's guess, Mississippi County voters will either settle or at least trim to runoff size the fields in four state and one district races tomorrow. There are 14,124 poll tax receipt holders in the county who cast their ballots at a total of 61 boxes. Here is a brief review of the ballot line-up: For Senator—John L. McClellan Sid McMath, Leonard Ellis, Paul Chambers. For. Governor—Francis Cherry, Gus McMillan, Guy Jones, Orval E. Faubus. For Attorney General—Jim. Jo~ honson, Philip McNemer, Tom Gentry. . For Land Commissioner—Claud A. Rankin, Doyle Yopp, W, R. Yonts. Fof Prosecuting Attorney—Terry Shell, Ralph E. Wilson, Frank Snellgrove, Hub Methvin. Polling places in Blytheville will be located as follows: Ward One—City Hall and Seay Motor Co. Ward two—Blytheville Water Co. and Noble Gill Pontiac Co. Ward Three—West End Fire Station. Ward Four—Moore Bros. Store. The township box for—• voters who live within Chickasawba Township but not inside the Blytheville city limits—will be located at the Court House, as will the absentee ballot box. Voting hours will be from 8 a. m. until 6:30 p. m. Three other races — for state representative, -12th District chancellor and Chickasawba Township constable — will appear on Mississippi County ballots in the runoff primary Aug. 10 since each involve only two candidates. - McMath Claims He Shunned Power "Deal 7 By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Sid McMath last night said he lost the governor's race two years ago after he shunned a "deal". offered by "power interests" which he says are supporting Sen. John McClellan's bid for a third term nomination . Speaking to a television audience, the former governor said private power representatives offered him their support in return for his promise to back down on a sty-d for an Ozark steam generating plant. The plant was to be owned by a farmers' cooperative. He refused the deal, McMath said, and the power companies began a "fierce political attack" on him. Predict Victory McClellan spent yesterday in his Little Rock headquarters, greeting visitors and shaking hands. He, like McMath, predicted victory for himself without the need for a runoff. The other candidate for McClellan's Senator job, Paul Chambers of .Helena, spoke last night to East Arkansas voters over a Memphis TV station. McClellan squared off . against McMath at Sheridan Saturday night. .He told an estimated crowd of 1,500 he would "crawl in a political hole" and stay there if the voters ever repudiated his record by 100,000 votes. He was referring to McAfath's defeate at the hands of Gov. Francis Cherry two years ago. Afte^r spending the earlier part of his campaign running on his record and ignoring his opponents, McClellan took another jab at McMath. He said: On TV Tonight "McMath's heart is bleeding now for the tax payer, but it wasn't bleeding when the utility rates were raised almost $4,500,000 while he was governor." In the last round of the campaign the candidates will be on television tonight. McClellan is scheduled to visit Lonoke and England this afternoon .and return to Little Rock for a television speech over KARK-TV and KATV from McArthur Park at 8:30 p. m. McMath, after visiting Lonoke earlier today, will appear over the same television stations at 7 p. m. Chambers, continuing his handshaking tour of the state, plans to visit DeWitt, Stuttgart, Pine Bluff, Fordyce and Texarkana before returning to Little Rock for a TV appearance over KARK-TV at 7:30 p. m. He also woll appear on TV at Texarkana this afternoon. 'Crip' Hall Predicts Vote Will Be 319,000 LITTLE ROCK (AP) — Secretary of State C. G, Hall, one of Arkansas' most astute political observers, today predicted that around 319,000 votes would be cast in tomorrow's preferential Democratic primary. Inside Today's Courier News . . . Arkansas Needs to Keep Its Senior Senator . . - Editorials . . . Paye 6 ... . . . Taking: Series from Tanks Gives Indians New Spirit . . . Chisox Hail Jackson as Great Prospect . . . Sports . . . Pages 8 and 9 ... . . . Reds Arc Only Delayed — But Not Dead — In Latin America . . . Page 7 ... ... Dee May Offer Specific Program on Vast Highway Plan Next Year . . . Page 2 ... Other estimates ranged all the way from 250,000 to 350,000. Any vote total over 329,050 would set a record for a first primary. The 329,000 figure was reached at the first 1952 primary, but was exceeded by 376,000 votes in the runoff that year. The all time vote record in Arkansas is 391,584, cast in the 1952 presidential election. Hall,'who stressed that he made no guarantee of its accuracy, based his forecast on some calculations involving past primaries. He found that in the last four biennial election years — starting with 1946 — the total ballots cast at the preferential primary averaged around 60 per cent of the number of poll tax receipts entitl- Blytheville Man To Open St. Louis Radio Station Sam Johns said this morning tha he plans to sell the Razorback Drive-In in order to devote bis time to construction and supervision of a new radio station in St. Louis, Mo. Authorization for establishing the new 1.000-watt station was received from the Federal Communications Commission last week, he said. To be known as the St. Louis Broadcasting Co., the station will operate on 1600 kilocycles as a day-time station. Location of the studio will be in down-town St. Louis while the transmitter and tower for the station will be constructed in East St. Louis. i Mr. Johns plans to continue to live here and will retain, his other business interests, with the exception of the restaurant. He has operated the Razorbaclc for the past seven years. A general manager will be placed in direct charge of the radio station although Mr. Johns expects to spend much of his time JB St. Louis. ing holders to vote. This year a record 532,102 voting poll tax receipts have been issued. Sixty per cent of that is around the 319,000 votes predicted by Hall. Two years the vote ratio was 64 per cent of poll tax eligibles. If the same percentage Should be reached tomorrow, the vote total would be around 340,000. The II. S. Weather Bureau here today predicted "no important temperature change" for election day. The bureau said skies would be partly cloudy with the possibility of scattered thundershower s in the south section of the state. Under state law polls open at 8 a.m. and close at 6:30 p.m. Polling places often close early in some rural sections after all eligible persons have voted. Also by state law, alcoholic beverages may net be sold during hours the polls are open. Two Red Chinese Fighters Shot Down After Attacking 2 U.S. Carrier Planes NATIONAL GUARD TAKES OVER — National Guardsmen park impounded Phenix City, Ala., city police cars by pushing after it failed to start after guardsmen moved into the city to enforce a qualified martial law. The armed guardsmen moved into the city by truckloads and relieved the city law enforcement officers of their weapons, duties and'autos. Alabama Governor Gordon Persons issued the order to suppress the state of lawlessness in Russell County. (AP Wirephoto) Weather ARKANSAS —- Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Tuesday with widely scattered afternoon and evening thundershowers south no important temperature change. MISSOURI — Generally fair this afternoon, tonight and Tuesday; slightly warmer Tuesday; low tonight 65-72; high Tuesday upper 90s. Minimum yesterday morning—72. Maximum Saturday—94. Minimum this morning—67. Maximum yesterday—92. Sunrise tomorrow—5:06. Sunset today—7:07. Mean temperature (midway between ftigh and low)—79.5. Precipitation last 48 hours to 7:00 a. m. today—,04. Precipitation Jan. 1 to this date— 26.36. This Date Last Year Maximum yeterday—94. Minimum this morning—70, Precipitation January 1 to date— 34.21, Senate Refuses GOP Attempt To Limit Atomic Bill Debate WASHINGTON (AP) — The Senate balked today at an attempt by the Senate GOP leadership to put a blanket limit on debate on the atomic energy bill but showed a willingness to limit talk on individual amendments. A motion to impose cloture, and thereby limit all future debate to one hour for each ienator Was whipped by a 44 to 42 roll call vote. Adoption would have required. 64 affirma- WASHINGTON (AP) — Two U. S. carrier planes shot down two Red Chinese fighters which jumped them as they were searching over the weekend for survivors of the British airliner downed by the Communists on Friday. The State Department announced the incident today with a denunciation of "Chinese Communist brutality" in attempting to interfere with a humanitarian rescue. In a quick follow-up, Adm. Felix Stump, commander-in-chief of the Pacific Fleet, told a news conference U. S. fliers are under instructions to be "quick on the trigger' if a hostile pass is made at them. Stump said the policy is this: •'If any U. S. plane is attacked or approached with obvious hostile intent, it will fire back. In other words, you don't have to wait and get your head blown off to shoot back." Support Voiced In Congress, there were prompt expressions of support for the action of the U. S. airmen. House Speaker Martin (R-Mass) said: "If the Chinese Reds attack rescue ships on the high seas, there is no other alternative for the U. S. planes but to shoot back. We must let them know that we are ready to protect all of our rights." The incident was announced to the Senate by Sen. Knowland of California, the Republican floor NJ). a Foreien Relations Red China Apologizes To British tive votes. Then on the first amendment to come up, the Senate agreed unanimously to halt debate after two hours discussion—an hour for each side. The amendment by Sen. Lehman (D-Lib-NY) related to -the international cooperation provisions of the bill. Lehman proposed to delete a provision he says ties President Eisenhower's hands. Sen. Knowland (R-Calif), the GOP leader, tried at first to get a debate limit of 30 minutes, .but finally limit. proposed the two hour Morse Agrees That was after Sen. Morse (Ind- Ore) agreed to go along. Morse said, though, with reference to an announcement by Knowland on the Senate floor tha.t U. S. planes had shot down two Communist aircraft in the Pacific, that: I am not greatly motivated to enter into any blanket agreement by any argument that we ought to proceed with great haste to consider this bill because the international situation has worsened." Rather, he said, the subject mat ter of the bill, which contemplates some sharing of secrets of use of atomic weapons, "should cause us to go slower than before." "I think," the Oregon senator said, "we ought to take a long look at this bill before considering any let down of our security in the atomic energy field." First of Series The cloture motion by Knowland appeared likely to be only the first of a series of moves to cut short the talk. , In advance of the vote, Know- J land told the senate he had "no " illusions" about a chance to win, and warned of "even more drastic" steps possible if he doesn't. "If there was ever a time when cloture was in order," he said, "in. my judgment this is the time." He gave no hint as to what these "drastic" steps might be. Before the Senate met. Knowland had conferred at the White House with President Eisenhower and told reporters afterward that "there will be no surrender" in the efforts to pass the administra- Red China Intensifies Anti-US. Propaganda TOKYO (AP) — Red China today intensified its anti- American propaganda attacks, warning that it is tightening coastal defenses and will shoot down any approaching Chinese Nationalist planes. Several Peiping radio broadcasts heard in Tokyo carried the same theme — praising the Indochina cease-fire, denouncing talk of a U.S.-Chinese Nationalist alliance and belittling the Nationalists— whose United Nations seat the Reds want. One broadcast said, "We will shoot down, as we did before, any planes if the United States orders Nationalist Chinese troops to fly planes to challenge us." The stepped - up offensive of words coincided with Red China's apology for shooting down a British airliner off Hainan Island Friday. In a conciliatory note to Britain, which recognizes the Reds, the Communists said they thought the plane was Chinese. Another broadcast said defenders of the Red coastal islands of Amoy. Kintang and others have "pledged to keep their arms ready and to be constantly prepared to smash any U.S.-Chiang (Kai-shek- scheme." "The United States plan to con- Wiison Couple Hurt in Wreck Woman in Serious Condition With Rib Fractures Mrs. J. N. Bourland of Wilson was reported in serious condition this morning by officials at Walls Hospital while her husbands condition is good, following an auto- accident on Highway 61 Blytheville yesterday Committee member. It brought swift expressions of anger against the Reds and bipartisan appeals for unity. Sen. Lyndon B. Johnson of Texas, the Senate Democratic leader, said: "Regardless of the details, the fact still remains that the Chinese Communists are shooting at our men. There can be no partisanship or divided loyalties on such an issue." Sen. Neely (D-WVa) said the news "should have a sobering, a reuniting effect on every American worthy of the name ... It means that Communist China has made another warlike attack on the United States." Training- Force Adm. Stump identified the carriers Which were sent to the rescue areas as the Philippine Sea and the Hornet, and described them as part of a task force engaged in "fair weather training" in the Pacific. He would not give details as to the types of Chinese and American planes which took part in the incident. Reporters were advised that they could expect a more detailed statement later from Secretary of De*- fense Wilson. Stump said that orders to fight back if attacked have been traditional throughout U. S. history "in peace or war." The admiral said the American planes were "well without the territorial limits" of Red China when TOKYO (AP) — Communist China apologized to Britain today for shooting down a British airliner over the south China Sea Friday with an apparent loss of 10 lives, including three Americans. A Peiping radio broadcast heard here said Red patrol planes thought the transport was Chinese Nationalist. It expressed a willingness to consider paying damages. "The apology — virtually unprecedented since the Red regim« took over the Chinese mainland— was in a note to British Charge d'Affaires Humphrey Trevelyan from Chang Han-fun, Red Chines* vice minister for foreign affairs. The conciliatory note, a reply to a British protest, seemed to tie in with Peiping's current line of propaganda aimed at getting a _ United Nations seat at the expense of the Nationalists, by wooing Britain and France and denouncing the United States. Later in the same broadcast, the Red radio told of recently shooting down a "U.S.-made Kuomintang (Nationalist) plane over Chekiang province." "Accidental" "If the U.S. imperialists order the Chiang brigands to send any more planes in provocative action against us we will shoot them down as we have done before." it added. Text of the note, broadcast by Peiping, said shooting down of the Cathay Pacific Airlines Skymaster over Hainan Island was "entirely accidental" and an •"unfortunate incident." "They shot us down with the intention of killing us," Capt. Philip Blown, pilot of the airliner, told newsmen in Hong Song. Britain protested the shooting Saturday night and U.S. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles charged the airliner was ''deliberately shot down." Two American mobile north of morning. some discussion over whether She received fractures on seven! these limits were three or 12 miles j to the scene to protect the contin- ribs. one of which punctured her off shore. uing searh for the nine missing Stump commented, that "the the attack took place. There was j aircraft carriers, the Hornet and the Philippine Sea. were ordered lung, while Mr. Bourland received a fractured arm. The accident occurred about two miles north of here when an oil truck driven by Joe, Estes made a left turn off the highway and Mr. elude a so-called bilaterial mutual Bourlnd ran into the truck from persons. Eight survivors were res- three-mile limit is very well rec- i C ued. ognized although some claim dif- ! xhe Dulles protest plus the ferent territorial limits." Distance Undisclosed However, he did not say just how far off shore the U. S. planes were security pact with Chiang Kai-shek j behind, according to Gene Mabry. j f}yj n g at the time of the attack. tion bill. He said the President and Republican congressional leaders agreed also that the delays in the Senate should not be permitted to block the administration's legislative program "even if it requires that Congress continue in session several additional weeks." "Reasonable Discussion" There was a suggestion from Sen. Lyndon Johnson of Texas, the Democratic leader, in the brief debate before the vote on cloture that something in the way of a shortening of the debate might be worked out. Johnson announced that he would not vote for cloture but he asked that his Democratic colleagues confine themselves to "reasonable discussion" on four or five "basic issues" and let the matter come to a vote. Both Knowland and the White House have described as a filibuster the 10-day debate—including an 86-hour almost continuous session last week on the atomic bill in the Senate. The California senator talked with • awsmen after he and other GOP leaders met with Eisenhower at the regular Monday morning session on ]awmaking problems. Congressional leaders have been See ATOMIC on Page i has added to the vigilance of the frontier defense units of the Chinese People's Liberation Army and heightened their determination to liberate Taiwan (Formosa)" Peiping said. It quoted a Red commander as saying, "Sometime ago the United States sent military personnel to the remnant Chiang" Kai-shek forces on Choushan Island, along our seacoast. Since then they have time and again taken part in and directed armed provocations and state Doliceman. Stump, whose headquarters are at Peal Harbor, disclosed that there are four U. S. carriers in the Southeast Asia area. In addition to the Philippine Sea and Hornet he named the Boxer and the A total of $89.25 in "bond forfei- j Tarawa, soon to be replaced by tures were collected in Municipal i the Yorktown. He identified the Court this morning OR six charges' organization a s Task r orce TO. Asked whether he thought this bonds were i force was "strong: enough to take 6 Forfeit Bonds !n Traffic Cases of traffic violations. Forfeiting $19.75 | movement of the carriers into Chinese waters was regarded in. Washington as a show of strength to impress upon the Reds the gravity of the situation. The Peiping broadcast said the Red Chinese government "expresses its regret at this accidental and unfortunate incident of the British transport aircraft,and has taken appropriate measures in dealing with it. Sympathy Expressed, "It extends its sympathy, concern and condolences to the dead and injured in this incident arj£l to forages along our coast they are openly schemin Now to sign an aggressive military pact with of speeding were Carry Reagan, Jessie Allen, having improper ve-i care of itself" under any even-»their relatives. It is willing to give hide license- Francis A. Kerr, fai- ! tuality, the admiral said "I think j consideration to the payment of lure to yield rght of way; Roose- i so." | appropriate benefit and compen- velt Jones, speeding. " ; First word of the incident came \ sation for the loss of life and pro- Forfeiting $10 bonds or. charges j from the State Department. j perry damage involved." the Chiang brigands." Drew Huey and Harold Franklin. A department announcement said See PLANE on Page 5 The broadcast denounced See REDS on Page 5 Na- McClellan May Hold Key to McCarthy Censure By GORDON BROWN WASHINGTON (AP) — Talk around the capitol is that Arkansas' Senator John L. McClellan (D) probably holds the key to what the Senate does with the Flanders' resolution of censure for Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis). The reasoning is that the bulk of the Democratic senators will follow McClellan's lead since he is senior Democrat on McCarthy's investigating committee and as such is the Democratic spokesman. In other words, if McClellan is for the resolution, the bulk of the other Democratic senators will be for it but if he is against it they will oppose it—they won't run out on him. And if the bulk of the Democrats support the resolution censuring McCarthy tfcat support, plus a sprinkling of Republicans, likely would put it over. But if they oppose it. then the resolution is dead. Kence the feeling that MClellan is the key. No Commitment McClellan hasn't committed himself on the resolution, as far as is known. In fact, he has declined to state his position at present. But there is a theory here on that. It is this: Sen. Flanders (R-Vt) author of the resolution, had planned to call up his resolution in the Senate early this week but after a meeting with McClellan said he would postpone action until July 30 so that Me* Clelian could clean up his re-nomi- ! nation campaign and be back on i hand, providing there is no runoff primary. Most of the observers think Flanders must have some feeling that McClellan will go along with the resolution or there would have been no point to a delay. Why, reasons capitol hill, would Flanders delay his resolution just to pick up an adverse vote? So much for speculation. Fulbright Decided Arkansas" other senator. J. W. Fulbright (D). makes no bones of the fact he will support the resolution. He stated so publicly on a national TV program just the other day. In fact, it is right in line with his' thinking on McCarthy, with whom he has clashed several times. Along with the Arkansas senators, the state's six House members support the proposal that a private power plant be built at West Memphis. Ark., to supply the AEC with power through TVA lines. However, the thinking of the j House members isn't uaammou* on all phases of the problem. Most of the Arkansans have taken the position, in the running private power-public power feud, that there is room for both groups in the field and that one should be used as a check on the other. On that basis they favor—or at least do not object to—the West Memphis plant. Mill* Obejct* However Rep. Mills has objected on principle to dragging the Atomic Energy Commission into the proposed contract and Rep. Trimble has raised the question as to why private power interests find a West Memphis plant good but opposed as an evil a steam plant which REA groups wanted, to buiW ftt Ozark. "If one Is good for one side of the state," he said, "I don't MW why the other wasn't good for th* SM MCCLELLAN <m PM« *

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