Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana on August 30, 1896 · Page 9
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August 30, 1896

Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana · Page 9

Logansport, Indiana
Issue Date:
Sunday, August 30, 1896
Page 9
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Page 9 article text (OCR)

T 0 UHNAL. SUPPLEMENT. LOGANSPORT, INDIANA, SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST 30, 1896. PAGES 9 TO 12. IITERARY NOTES OUtt FOREIGN MAIL SERVICE. "The rostnwstcr General Is authorized by, mill with the consent of, the President, to conclude postal treaties with foreign countries. Under this Denver, in ISOt, the United States cauie u purty to a convention by the representatives of over fifty distinct, powers, including nil the great powers and their dependencies, and very ninny minor ones, revising the previous coim-ntlons. ami establishing under the name of the "Universal Postal Union" a sin^L- postal territory for tho reciprocal exchaiige of articles of corvespomlence. between their postof- tlccs. A uniform rate oC postage which can be prepaid to destination is fixed. Jind every facility of their mail systems is extended by each country to the mails of all the others. An accounting takes place at stated intervals, to ad- Just the balances. The Universal Postal Union is not only a great agency for the promotion of commerce, but by facilitating the exchanges of thought is a potent agency in the promotion of peace and good will.—Ex-President Harrison In September Ladies' Home Journal. THE CHICAGO CONVEXTIOX, The lion. Andrew D. AVhitc, ex-President of Cornell University has written a very important article tor the'Sop- tember Forum entitled "Encourage- raents in the Present Crisis." Dr. White emphasizes very strongly the serious character of the crisis which confronts us, points out the anarchic and socialistic forces and tendencies which lie behind it, gives some parallels in history which reveal the dangers Just, now threatening us, but which also indicate our means of meeting them—a profoundly interesting article. In the same number Mr. Isaa I. Illce, the well-known lawyer, undc the significant title, "Thou Shalt No Steal," severely crltlzes the Chicag platform and the utterances of Its can didate. seeking an explanation for a dtcree which a few years ago would have hor'rllled the French capital and driven the late lamented Worth to self-destruction or a maniac's cell, what, do we UndV .That the inanimate bicycle has accomplished that which for a generation lias been attempted in vain by medical science and the record of disease a.nd death. . A majority of women in France, as elsewhere, use the wIk-el. Society hits adopted it. Not alone is bicycling impossible where tight lacing exists—as shown by the special stays now generally in use wlille on the road—but the exercise of the wheel, working upon the emancipated feminine frame has opened tho way to a novel sensation of complete and most enjoyable freedom and rendered subsequent abnormal lacing both uncomfortable nnd additionally perilous. The increase in health and strength —and the consequent added pleasure In life— is gradually convincing Hie ladles that, reform in this matter Is burdened with blessings of which, they had never dreamed. Their mirrors, too, have told them that tlu- greater freedom of the waist detracts not at nil from the beauty of the figure. We cannot lock for a return to the gener- SOME. KINTEBGARTEN SILVER TALK. Up to 187o silver and gold had exact-, ly the same right to free coinage nt our mints. That year the silver dollar—as the expression is—was 1 demonetized. The other silver coins are left just as they were without limitation upon their coinage. Butjt is a very great mistake to suppose that silver dollars ceased to be coined after 1S73. As a matter of fact' before tlr.it yeai onlj 1 eight million dollars ever were coined. Since then over six hundred millions have been either coined or put in circulation through silver certificates. This last term means this; either the silver, coin or the bullion is deposited at the mints and the United States then issues a corresponding number of cer- tillcates and makes them legal tender. They circulate in place of the silver. As a matter of fact notwithstanding all this uproar about the crime of 1ST3, silver today Is far better off than It ever before has been In this government. There Is .<Ii00.000.fl00 of it In circulation and every dollar of that sum ^ is not only legal tender but it passes for 100 cents on the dollar whereas the silver that in it is uot worth but a small trifle over 50 cents. The silver coinage of the Unilx-d .Stales Is urn They would be two-fold. First, immediate and second those which would follow after the necessary -legislation and free coinage had gone into practical operation. 1. The minute Bryan was elected the bunks would all call in their loans. Every creditor would insist, upon being paid at once. Our ?liOO,000,000 of gold would leave iis. It would disappear In old stockings and places where money is hoarded. This would bring on a panic the like of which we have never seen in this country. '2. For a few months after free coinage had been in effect the prices of THE BALLS IN A WHEEL. There Are About One Unndrnd and Forty tJaed In IBach Bicycle. In the average bicycle there are about 140 steel balls. These are generally distributed as follows: Front wheel, 10; back wheel, 18; crankshaft, 28; pedals, 20 each; front steering head, 40. These are of different sizes, those nsed in the front wheel generally being one- sixteenth'of au inch larger than those in the back ; the balls in tho pedals are about one eighth of an inch in diameter. The ptrfect bicycle ball must be absolutely ox act as to gauge. It must be highly polished, and it must bo so hard that even an emery wheel will have bnt little effect upon it. The manufacturers think—as we did during the war that 'have been experimenting with this arti- the millenluni 'ha.cl. come. But in less than a year we should get as sick of , Was thought that small balls and more everything'would rise and wo should cle over since bicycle making began to bo an important industry. At first it ons Grecian standard, but we can and times better than it: possibly could be do look for a positive modification of the wasp-like premium on disease and transmitted weakness. If the bicycle had done nothing more .than this. It would have amply juslMied its universal popularity as a factor.in up-to-date existence. OF The leader in the Engineering Maga zinc, New York, for September, "Fro Silver 'Poison the Cause of Industrie Paralysis." by J. Selwln Talt, is on of ' the strongest contributions ye made to the financial discussion. •It shows that tho development of th last thirty years has placed the conn try on an entirely new basis, and •would make the "experiment" of free coinage, formerly harmless, more do strut-live now than an internatioua or even a civil war; that decline in price for farm products is due to con dltlons of competition, wholly inde pendent of any financial system; that indeed, the price of wheat on the farm was almost absolutely stable until 1S90 nnd has declined only since the lujcc tlon into the circulation of vast vol umcs of silver has paralyzed all Indus tries by destroying confidence in the future. In "A Fatal Campaign' 1 (Septembet Midland Monthly, DCS M.oines) Col. A G. Hatry vividly describes the pivotal battle of Franklin and Nashville. Mrs C. F. McLean, who wrote "Stevenson nt Gretz," tells The Midland's readers of Senator Foraker of Ohio; arid his charming family, Illustrating the papei with latest photographs. Christmas Eve and Christmas morning in Beth lehem and Jerusalem Is tho inspiring theme of N. Tjornagol. TV. S. Moore, author of "The Famous Charge at Ft. Donelson," discusses Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts at Ames. Frank \V. Calkins' "Young Homesteaders" are beginnlg to talk of books and think of love. Considering abiding value as well as Immediate Interest, the feature of Me- Clure's Magazine is Lincoln's "Lost Speech"—raised to the fullness of life as It were from the very dead. It s truly a great speech, as persons who heard it have always so ardently testified. Delivered at Bloomiington in 1850 it practically created the Republican party In Illnols. But the reporters were so absorbed In listening ;hat they forgot to report, and the speech was supposed until now to be irrevocably lost. Mr. Joseph Medill, iditor of the Chicago "Tribune" who icard the speech, Introduces it with an ntercsting description of the occasion. A BICYCLE REFORM. Paris, the city of extremes, the blrth- >lace of feminine fashion and of per- lonal adornment for tho gentle sex he world over, has taxed our credu- Ity, with a declaration that woman's valst-has suddenly Increased In cir- kimferonce by three or'four inches, this i« to. say; the fashion " makers lave .decided on such an Increase, plcb is exactly the same thing. In GKNDIIAL NOTES ON CARE THE WHEEL. Keep It clean. This is most Important of all. It does not require skill, but exercise of a, little energy, perseverance and application of elbow grease. A good preparation will be found in "Three in One.' Keep the bearings perfectly adjusted, but do not attempt any mechanical work that you do not understand. Take it to your repairer. Don't experiment: with It. The bearings need thorough lubrication, but it is not necessary to oil them for every ride. It is a good plan to have your ' repair man occasionally open the bearings, clean them and fill with vaseliue. Keep the chain free from dirt and' well covered with graphite. See that every nut and screw is tight. Do not leave your bicycle out over night, nor In a. damp place. Keep It where neither moths nor rust do corrupt, nor • thieves break through and steal. Keep the tires well filled with air; neither flabby, nor as hard as possible to pnuip them. If the tires are cut by the edges of the rim or by sharp objects on the road, the dealer Will not sympathize with your claim for free repairs. If your tire punctures, have It thoroughly repaired; if you cannot do it well yourself, take It to the repairer. A bad job never fails to make the tire porous. If you unconsciously or accidentally ride into a stone wall curbing, or any other obstacle which causes you to suddenly part company with your bicycle, it is well to hav'e it taken apart by an expert repairer and thoroughly examined; otherwise you may sooner or later come to grief on the proverbially smooth road. Have the handle bars and saddle post adjusted to flt you. Don's use any kerosene oil or any other oils upon the nickel of your wheel when you are cleaning it for it will make it rust sooner than It would if you had not put it. on nnd also softens the enamel. under free coinage. One of the curious things about our ?GOO,000,000 of silver is that while it is worth only $300.000,000 yet it circulates and does the work of l?(ii)0,000,000. In other words 50 ci-nts worth of silver is as good as 100 cent's of gold. How Is this done? By the United States standing back of silver and redeeming it in gold. This it has done now for over twenty years.and this it silver as the Israelites did of manna the day after it was gathered. :?. All debts would lie paid off in silver. This would bring on the wildest speculation for everybody would want to invest the stuff before it depreciated on his hand.-. 4. In other words adopt free coinage and we at: once "jump from the frying pan into the fire." It has never yet been proved—although violently asserted that free coinage would send.silver to par and thus make a silver dollar intrinsically worth as much as a gold dollar. Our experience is directly the contrary. From 1STS to 1S03—fifteen years—we coined or nsed for certificates -100,000,000 ounces of silver, yet from the Start except six weeks in the summer of ISM silver bullion went down, falling 40 per cent. Now if that was the result from '7S to '1)3 why should it go up in ISO" under free coinage? The reason why the silver dollar, notwithstanding CORNELIUS VANDERBILT, JR. The younf Now York millionaire whose proposed marriage to Miss Grace Wilson has caused so much patorna! opposition is about 22 years old. Miss Wilson is said to be seven yiars Ilia senior, a fact that has caused the elder Vanderbilt's objection. The wedding ivaii postponed, it was announced, on account of younff Vanderbilt'B illncM. Groomi and Nnnei Taught. It became tho fashion some time since to educate grooms and nurses in bicycle riding. The academies have been filled with sober faced men in livery and white capped maids essaying to master ;he gentle art. In this way the rising Four Hundred could go a-scorching pro- ;ected and chaperoned. Many of tho jrooms and uurees haven't,taken kindly ;o the bike, however—possihly upon the principle that whatever one has to'do ie dislikes, while-that which is forbidden him ho promptly yearns for.—New York Snn. '- • • ' • • .:.• : - »w York'aa a Cycling Center. Now • York is doubtless the largest wheeling center. , It was recently estimated that there are 150. cycling clubs n the . metropolis,, with a combined membership of 80,000.. The annual dues laid for olab privileges amount to .1,800,000; It costs about fl,300,000 o maintain those clubs, and the aggre- ato .valno of. tho wheels owned by. the lembers is $8,000,000. Tho total nuin- or of miles wheeled by these olnb roomers is.'abont 85,000,000 every year.— Jbccnnnge. • will continue to do If McKlnley is elected president this fall. Very few people stop to thiuk what a splendid thing this Is—this adding 50 cents by Uncle Snm to -the coliwgo value of every one of these 000,000,000 of coined dollars. To do this the old gentleman's life Is a'burden. This load got so heavy In 1893 that tlic government had to stop coining any more silver. Our kind old Uncle Sam stood it very well when the load was 300.000,000 but when instead of coining $2,000,000 worth of silver per month and ranking it as good as gold, congress in 1890 doubled tho lnii:den, the old, gentleman in 1803 showed such signs of weakness that this whole business had to stop. Since that time no more sliver dollars have been issued. The truth is that we have got more or quite as much silver coined as •it Is safe and we have had to call a halt, for this matter has been already overdone. When the demonetization act of 1S73 was passed our silver mines were comparatively unproductive. Since then owing to such discoveries as the Comstock lode and other great-mines the annual output of silver has become Enormous. Then.all the great nations lot Europe have demonatlzed their sll- 'ver coinage and the result is that the the money function'was added to It would not go to par Is that there Is too much silver mined and unmlned to permit it. There is double the silver In tho world today that there was in .1873 and no legislation on earth save international bimetallism can prevent depreciated silver dollars. We all know what that means. It is admitted that times. are very hard. This is not a good thing for the wage worker and rough on the farmer But it Is far better to be patient under the ills we have thjin by rash measures to multiply them ten fold. Far the best way is to elect Melvinley. With him as President we are sure there will be no free coinage. We must as a nation, ha.ve more revenue. If I was In Congress I would vote for a small tax on sugar, coffee, and other articles which we do not raise !n the, United States. With ,?50,000,000 per annum more revenue we can maintain silver as it now is and ultimately worry out of the terrible muddle, we are now In. j D. P. BALDWIN. August 27, 1896. of thorn were better, but the size has gradually increased until DOW some firms make them .op to seven-sixteenths of au inch in diameter, nnd it is generally conceded that within certain limits tho larger sizes give tho most satis faction. The other parts of the bearings ar also very important, but perfection in them is not so difficult to secure as in tho balls. Tho ball cups on nearly 1 not quito all machines are forced inti their places in the wheel, pedal 01 bracket by hydraulic pressure and an practically as solid as if they wen brazed or welded to the part in which they fit. Tho cones which press balls into their places iu tho cups are removable, and' in case of any iroper fecrious can be easily and cheaply re placed. Perfect bearings should ba the last things to \voar out on a wheel) ant years of nso should only be evidenced by a bright streak iu the ball races showing where the balls had run.—New York Post. THE CYCLING FUNMAKERS. Berufoardt has brought her bicyclo with her. Unlike Sarah, it is not tire- less...—jj=w York Mail and Express. We don't believe iu omens, but have noticed whenever a bicycle girl, her wheel and a small dog become tangled that a new woman strikes town—Ad ams Freeman, A California town has a "female ghost that wears "bloomers." And yet Colonel Ingersoll would have us believe that there is no punishment after death. —Grand .Rapids Press. Bicycle Crank—It wonld be an outrage to put a tax on bicycles. Friend —I don't know why. Bicycle Crank- Hang it, man, the wheel is one of the necessaries cf life.—Philadelphia North American. When the quick tempered man experiences his first experience with a tiro puncture, the recording angel folds his wings over his oars until the puncture sufferer gets, through expressing his feelings.—Wheel. Anthony Comstook goes a little too far when ho includes bloomers iu his raids on feminine costumes. Tho bloomer may pass out of itself if it doesn't meet, too much opposition.—St. Louis Post-Dispatch. "There's another unconscious humorist I" gleefully remarked the wheel as it deposited on a convenient stone heap its rider, tho funny raan who had been making light of the need of a brake ordinance.—Wheel. i To Boom tb« !>. A. W. President Elliott IB convinced that tho numerical strength of the league is not what it should be, considering tho groat number of wheelmen in this counr white metal has fallen 50 per.cent In try at the present-time,'and he. intends value. The proposition now is to kick to use every effort to place the member- away all the machinery for redeeming ship, at 00,000 before the next annual silver by Uncle Sam and ; to coin the meeting.—New York;.World, world's silver and make every dollar of It legal tender. ; ' , . Xow this is the old greenback Inflation over again only instead of greenbacks It Is .proposed to use the white mental. See what the consequences would be. . : .; To Repair a Cut Tire, In the event of a large cut or burst in the outer cover of your tire patch .With canvas on the inside, then.fill the hole in. outer rubber With cotton wool soaked, in solution and bind up strongly with tape. Tho tire can then : be-ridden nt;0nce.—New,York.Times.- . •,-.-.- Xho9« Japanese Ramon. For a month or more reports have circulated freely through American daily and weekly papers of a Japanese bicycle manufacturing firm which had sent to this country a representative who had secured many contracts in San Francisco for bicycles at $12 each, which were said, to be as good as American machines. So far as is known, there is but one bicycle factory in Japan, and the machines .turned out of it are constructed from gas pipe and clumsily put together and will not stand two months' riding, although they avo finished handsomely on the outside. Tvvo competent mechanical engineers have lately returned to this country from Japan, and they declare tho whole story of tho cheep bicycles to be absurd. —Bearings. n. Mammoth Wheel. A Providence bicycle- company has what is said to be the largest bicycle in the world. It will carry six persons. Its length all over is 15G inches, the wheel base is 125 inches, tho diameter of tho .wheel is 80 inches, the tires are Z% inches in diameter, and the-gear.is compounded to 158. The weight of the machine is 187 pounds, and tho tires are described as the largest ever made. —•Exchange. Woman and Her Wheel. [After Tennyson, by an old fashioned follow.] Turn, woman, turn thy. wheel. In garment* loud, Turn thy wild whocl through dust that's like a clond; Thy wheel and theo nomo lovo, and some do hato." Turn, woman, turn thy whool, through smile or frown, ' ' ' Of those who watch., thy wabbllngs up and 'down; • •• • • • Thy skill is Httlo, but thy pluck la BWat. Smile'the rudo. boyi. and bowl-behind .their • xaJmDds,, '. '..'•. Frowna the great .felt; "tho worldling unto- stands; '.' •' • " • • . .''; ", '"J Woman Is'woman and niirtross of her'fato. Turn', ttt^.thy,wheol,.Bmid the.Btaring crowd;Thy wh'oel and thce.aro.loudl and yet allowed;, Thy wheel and th.ee ibme J'.f6,' but I do.batel •• • . ;, —Punch'.;' . One Dollar WILL NOT BUY ! A House and Lot But It Will Purchase Something Just as Valuable The Will Be Delivered at / YOUP House for $1 Per fear IN ADVANCE, OR, III! A DROP a POSTAL CARD Giving- Name and Street Number, f

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