The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on May 12, 1897 · Page 4
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 4

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Wednesday, May 12, 1897
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.' f THE UPPEfi DES MOINES! ALGONA; IOWA, WEDNESDAY, MAY 12, fftl«*t tfiAft. WARREN. Subscribers. .. 6 copy, SOt month* ...... «.» ........... 76 BS espy twee months .................. 40 Bern to any address at ftbote fates. Remit by draft, money order, of express or- de? at our risk.- . , Bates of advertising sent on application. EXfftA SfiSSlQfr.lS EKDSD. legislature has adjourned. It has to its ofedit $21,000 a yeaf* saved on expenses itt abd about the state Capitol, $16,000 a year on state prlntihg atid binding, an investigation on foot that Will result in a big saving in the man* ageinent of state institutions, a revenue bill that will brlsg ia $60,000 a year from telephone, telegraph, and like corporations, a revision of the laws of the state that will simplify and perfect them. Judge Cook, who is somewhat of a granger, says this Is the best legislative session Iowa has had. We are inclined to believe the judge is right. REPUBLICANS MEET AUGUST 18. The state central committee met at Des Moines Thursday and selected Cedar Rapids as the meeting place for the coming state convention, which is set for Aug. 18. Kossuth county will be probably entitled to 16' delegates this year, if the basis of representation is not changed. Another feature of local interest is the fact that Mr. Mayne's successor in the legislature will he nominated at the county convention called to select these delegates, and this will come Friday, Aug. 13, if the resolution adopted a year ago is followed. In state matters it is possible that Gov. Drake will be renominated, although a big feeling in favor of a new man is manifest in the state and in likely to develop into an active movement. Locally several have been mentioned as legislative possibilities, and Mr: Mayne's friends will urge that the county break the long-standing prece- .dent of a single term and return him. Mr. Mayne has made a good record. WHAT HAS BEEN DONE. The Courier, which has already begun the fall campaign by attempting to discredit the extra legislative session, •says: "The grangers' appeal for retrenchment and a reduction in official salaries has borne fruit. The legislature has passed a hill cutting the salaries of road supervisors down from $3 to $1.50 per day. The state debt of $1.000,000 must be wiped out, and the legislature after calmly surveying the field concluded that the road supervisors were drawing exorbitant pa_y, and cut 'em 50 cents a day. Surely, this will satisfy the grangers." The actual facts were stated by Speaker Byers in his closing speech to the members, in which he reviewed the work of the session. He'said: 11 We have saved to the people by the reduction of salaries and expenses of state officers in round numbers the sum of $45,000; employes about the state capital $22,000; county officers' salaries and expenses, estimated, $50,000; printing and binding, from $20,000 to $35,000; state institutions' expenses, salaries, etc., $25,000; increased revenue notaries public, estimated, $25,000; corporations, $100,000, or in round numbers a grand total of $300,000, $165,000 of which will be a net saving to the people of Iowa each year, or in a decade a saving of nearly $2,000,000; in addition to this showing, I believe the new revenue bill will reach property that has heretofore escaped taxation, thus reducing the great burdens already too long borne by the people whose property was in sight, and if the next general assembly carry out, as I believe they will, the suggestions of the special investigating committee with reference to employes about the legislature, there can be a further saving made to the people of from $15,000 to $25,000 every two years. This great work in the interest of the tax payers has been accomplished without injustice to or op' pression of any class or any.business." The Grant history, stories, etc., make up a superior number of Iowa's popular maga- NEWS AND COMMENT. Des Moines is where all state conventions should be held, without any quibbling. -There would be just as much sense in junketing around with the capitol and state officers as there is with state conventions. Father Dolliver and Miss Gay are home from Washington. ,>The Messenger says Congressman and Mrs. Dolliver will be back this week. The Webster City Freeman thinks r tbat either Senator Funk or M. D. O'Connell should be the republican nominee for governor this fall. It says: The-nomina tion of either would relieve the party of serious embarassment and avoid the necessity pf going into the state campaign next fajl on the defensive. J, U, Funk, who .has been conduct- ,|jjg the investigations at Des Moines, is a (jftjjdWate fpr governor, It is hinted that ' (Jpv, Brake's same may not be presented tp tee convention;. ' ParJey Flooh pf Humboldt wi)l be principally in charge of planning the work pf "eating $$ POde. NO member pf the leg- rgceived higher recognition Finch. a»cj none has • 4; 4. -^ Scr ibner's for May has a plain, clear description of how a big bank is managed. Bat few people understand the theory of banking and this article is to the point and fully illustrated. A like full and easily understood description of the great game of golf is in this number. -4- -4- 4- Col, Higginson tells in the May Atlantic of the sharp ante-bellum struggle in Kansas, and sets right several important facts in the early history of Kansas and John Brown, which have in popular tradition and in history become perverted. The May Atlantic is full of inleresting and timely papers. **» -t- 4- The story of the pursuit, capture and death of J. Wllkes Booth, the assassin of Lincoln, has been told a number of times and in several ways; but McClure's Magazine for May will give a version of it which promises to be the first really full and accurate one. It is Written by a relative of Col. Baker and Lieut. Baker, the detectives Who organized and led the pursuit, effected the capture, and disposed of Booth's body after his death ; and it embodies their account, never before published, of all these transactions. The article will be fully illustrated. -f- -4- •*The Century, for May has three articles dealing with kite flying. They refer to the scientific uses of it. It also has articles on Greece with reference to Crete and the present war. Gen. Grant's campaign at Petersburg is the Grant article. -f- -i- H- St. Nicholas for May has a lot of good reading for the young people. St. Nicholas is always'interesting, IN THIS NEIQHBOBHOOD. Mart. K. Whelan is. appointed postmaster at Esthervllle. Good .for Mart. Dr. Will, surgeon of the Northwestern at Eagle Grove, gets the postofflce at the end of a hard contest. The Monitor says Burt will propose Prof. Connor for county superintendent and W. A. Chipman for treasurer this fall. Charley Sarchett, who. has been at Bancroft, is prospecting at Waterloo, Cedar Rapids, etc. Hemightjoin Bro. Ryan. Burt will observe Memorial day by a union service Sunday morning at the Methodist church, Rev. Greenshields giving the address, Mayor Boyle says those air ship keys at Whittemore are all right. The story that they were scattered by a local advertiser is a fake. Rev, Oake, an eyangelist, who held meetings in Wesley, Britt, and hereabouts, is in a bad scandal at. Goldfield. The girl is only 13 years/old. Editor Hencock has sold his • interest in the Estherville Vindicator. We shall be sorry to lose him from, the newspaper ranks up this way.''' ; Garner Signal: Geo. C. Thomas, the horse trainer, has moved his family to Algona, where he has secured a position, and will follow his vocatipn the coming season. A cock and bull story is afloat about the Iowa Central railway building from Clear Lake to Forest City. The Summit says Forest City is losing no sleep watching for it. L. H. Mayne was so tickled at Emmetsburg over the defeat of Col. Foster last week that he walked away home at night, leaving his horse tied down town. It was his fight. A homestead of the Brotherhood of American Yeomen has been organized in Garner. The Signal says: This order is a mutual insurance society on' the assessment plan, and bids fair to be a large organization. The Emmetsburg Tribune says of J. J. Ryan's going to Waterloo: Jimmy, it is said, is a candidate for governor, and it may be that he is about to become a pupil of Honest Horace Boies, who will get him in trim for the campaign. Bancroft will observe Memorial day. Thos. Sherman will be orator, and the celebration will be held on Saturday. No young man in these parts could have been selected who would grace the occasion better than Mr. Sherman will. . Eagle Grove Gazette: The state association of Congregational churches meets on the 26th at Algona. The association draws together the brain' iest men of that denomination and the Algona meeting cannot fail to interest and prove a success. Chester C. Call was up at Bancroft last week to arrange for the building his father will do. The Register says: W. S. Stahl has the contract for putting up the building, which will be 22x70 feet, two stories and basement, of corrugated Iron sides and front, Eagle Grove Gazette: Mrs. C. C. Slade's condition still remains danger* ous and there seems to be no chance for recovery. Her daughters, Mrs. Mary Wilkins of Burt, Mrs. W, E. Creed of Manley, and Mrs, George Ketchum of Letcher, S. D., are at her bedside. Emroetahurg Reporter: E, V, Swett- ing of Algona was over last Friday and visited the high school, He is a mem. her of the school board of Algona and came over in the interests of the schools of that city, We expect great reform will take place in the Algona schools the coming year. Bailey has found a man named Jam- vtwedt, who is building ft' hpwse, Bailey says; He ought to have- a rabbit plane run through his name while the carpenters are there, a new panel in the middle of it, and an eaye spout fastened to the hind end of it, op else •have it 9 binglej an4 & Yale lack put on it. Journal: Two wore wer§ mm mm, . turns TO f otfM Quartoh's fceason fot. Excusing a jtifttf—A Misceiifltt«6tiS Lot of' Breeiy Clippings. time ago IP JCossnth opuety the uu.iab.er of 41 Yfirce cases commenced in Emrot county in JQBF in ta a tb§ '*mf» w.mw *m$m Mh$ CiWft'WBto E&Ffei'jM me- %m$m$^ma$w$®m The Des Moines papers give lots of space to Rev. Landis' address before the young people's union. The Capital gives a quarter-column epitome. The News says: Mr. Landis is a man of striking personality and a pleasing gentleman to meet. He wears a G. A. R. button, signifying that he has been a soldier in civil strife as well as a soldier under the banner of the cross. 1 It was a magnificent address, eloquent at times and earnest always. It will rank with the best things of the convention. -t- -«- -*• The Whittemore Champion likes Supt. Reed: There is but one face that we like to see better than Ben's and that is the lady's face on a dollar, and knowing this he left one of the latter for us to gaze at until he comes again, but alas, false hope, we were obliged to make it into flour the next morning. •4- -4- -f- The Champion says a good word for Prof. Lilly; Mr. Lilly is a natural leader in the teacher's profnssion and has won an enviable reputation by his untiring efforts for the advancement of education. -f- -s- -»Judge Quarton got off a good one at Emmetsburg. The West Bend Journal tells it: A gentleman who had been summoned as a petit juror for the May term of the district court at Emmetsburg stepped up to the judge and asked to be excused from serving this time, and gave as his reason that he had lots of work at home and no one to attend to it but himself. Judge Quarton asked him how long since he had been notified that be had been drawn as a juror, and he answered about two weeks. The judge then asked him if he had made diligent endeavors during that time to get some one to do his work while he was attending court, and- he said he had. " Well," said the judge, "I am glad to learn that the labor of this country is at last all employed," and he excused the juror. -5- -T- -f- Cbmpany A will observe Memorial day at Mason City. In the evening Col. Canfield of BooneandCapt. Chantland of Fort Dodge will speak. Both are gifted in speech. -*-•*•.•*— •...-.. G. H. Light, an old-time Algona landlord, has secured control of the Sparrows' Club house on Des Moines beach at Lake Okoboji, and will operate it the present season. It will be run as a boarding house open to the general public, and not as a club as heretofore. AMONG THE ADYERTISEBS. Galbraith has a fine display of curtains. Bradley & Nicoulin are making prices that count on buggies and corn planters. Way up in Hebron Wm. Goodrich had his corn all in Friday. This is not such a bad spring. W. P. Jones went out into Fenton Monday and sold handsome double surreys to Wm. Weisbrod and Lewis Newell. ., : '"P. L. Slagle will move his harness shop into the room recently vacated by John Sharpe, on Dodge street, about May 15. C, C. Chubb will not be home this week. He got 100 head of steers last week, but says prices are high with lots of buyers. A valuable stallion brought to Algona by Walker of Charles City died Saturday night at the Norton & Peterson barn of blood poisoning. Market prices are on the gain. Good oats are worth 15 cents in Algona, corn 13, flax 60, wheat 55, barley 15. Hogs are bringing $3,35. E. H. Slagle's little girl, Ethel, won Doxsee's little range with 2,827 words made out of the letters in "Buck's Steel Range." There were 36 compet- itprs. Photographer Peterson was in Livermore to take pictures for the carnival people, who repeated their program. The Brunson orchestra furnished music. M, H. Boals has traded his restaurant stock to a Missouri man for land, and Monday the goods were shipped. Mr. Boals intends to go to Missouri himself, but will wait till fall. The Sportsman's Game label is so popular as to be imitated, The new label leaves off the word " Sports- roan's," calling it simply "The Game." The difference is told by that, L, E, Key is still here talking Georgia to the people and is making many friends in. Algona. He says he is going to send up a basket of peaches in Julyjust to show, what' bis country can do. Jas. Taylor's millinery department has become one of the features of Algeria's business. - Bringing out a Chicago trimmer and the latest Chicago styles has done it. "Jim" is strictly up to date, which is everything in these days. Herb, Bailey of Union sold his big full-blood bull to Barton &Crabtree yesterday to be shipped to Cblcagp, the expectation being that he will be exported. He was a big fellow, 8,150 pounds, and it is a pity to see bjm leave tbe county, Mrs. Rey, Innes has a sister visiting be,r, Mrs. Dr. Prtd,e wepj; te OWoago ee&, Mrs, iWerjj e$p,e.9ti a lister IPPW Prof. ailobrM ii t We . teae IP B AJgw, and. with Me eon comes recommended very highly by Mrs. G. H. Woodwofth. Leonard Smith Of PM Pa% 111.,. IS visiting his sister, Mrs. E. J. 6Hifctff8. He is a graduate of the conservatory of music and is here to recreate. Miss Lizzie Armttage has returned from Attamosa, and will remain with her sistef, Mrs. John Grove. A. F. Call, whb wan* t.o California for his health, is reUtniiti* to SioUx City. He is not Rtninjr, but thihks the climate here is as desirable as the Cat* iforhia climate at this season. H. E. Rist is off for a four weeks' visit with his brother in Tacoina. While gone he will see all the ex-Algonians along the northern coast, fish a little, and have an enjoyable outing. He started Friday and goes by the North' ern Pacific. Mrs. Jennie Mclntyre Bushhell has been at Perry visiting her husband, who is still in charge of the store there he traded for. Both are in Algona for the week, but he will return. She likes Perry very much and they may conclude to move there. S. C. Platt, the stalwart editor of the Iowa Falls Sentinel, was up last week for a day. He was a little hoarse, which is quite a handicap on him, but he managed to visit with a lot of old friends. Bro. Platt 1s making a paper any town might well be proud of. Mrs. S. D. Drake attended the state meeting of women's clubs at Dubuque, the guest of Mrs. J. W. Hay's mother. She reports a big and enthusiastic gathering. Mrs, G. F. VanVechten of Cedar Rapids, who has several times visited at the J. J. Wilson home, was elected president. The Woodmen are making great preparations for their big Mason City picnic which comes next Wednesday, May 19. The Milwaukee has made a "".10 round trip rate, and Algona will send a goodly delegation. The state meeting is to be held at Dubuque, June 3. Henry Mason will attend. Dr. H. N. Rice went to his home in Fairmont, Minn., after a pleasant visit in Algona. He has been in Fairmont 21 years, is surgeon for the Milwaukee railway, and. has been elected to the legislature for his district. He owns the east side of Silver lake, and hopes to sometime open a fine resort there. He says the lakes are all full this spring and are looking fine. THE SOHUBERTS AT EAGLE GEOVE. The Gazette Says the Company That Comes to Algona May 80 is All Ki«ht. The Schubert Ladies' quartette is to be in the Call opera house May 29 They were at Eagle Grove last Wednesday. The Gazette says: The Schu- berts of Chicago furnished as fine an entertainment at the opera house Tues day evening as Eagle Grove has witnessed this season. The program, con sisting of quartettes, solos and duets was a good one and the rendition pai excellent, nearly evei'y number receiving a hearty encore. EEV. GEIGER QUITS. He Withdraws Prom the Congregational Pulpit Under Charges. Rev. J. W. Geiger, the Masonic anc A, O. U. W. orator, got out a court in junction restraining the committee to try him from acting. The committee met at Marion, Wednesday, and expected to compel him to accept the option offered. This option was that of signing a statement to the effect thai he acknowledged his guilt, and would leave the association and stay out, with the alternative of being thrown out bodily for good cause, with statement of the cause. Thursday, however, he thought better of it and signed an agreement to withdraw. It is said that a mass of evidence had accumulated against him. _ MODERN WOODMEN PIOHIO. At Mason City, Wednesday, May 10 —Cheap Excursion Bate. On the above date will take place the second annual picnic of the Northern Iowa Modern Woodmen of America The most elaborate preparations have been made, and the day is to be made one long to be remembered. For the above occasion the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul railway will run a special low-rate excursion train from Algona to Mason City and return. The special train will leave Algona at S:2i o'clock a, m, Fare for the round trip will be $1.10, . It Lands for Sale. Now is the time to get bargains in South Dakota lands, There were nevei better prospects in that state than at the present time, Lands will double in value in the next few years, The undersigned will be at the Tennant house in Algona on Friday, the 21st day of May, and will be pleased to meet anyone who desires to invest in good farm lands, and w}U give all Information desired. Lands sold on long time and at low rate of interest, J. L, LOORHABT, State liana Commissioner of South Dakota, THE following important changes on the Chicago, Milwaukee & st, Paul railway will be made in the running of passenger trains, commencing May 9: The train now known as No. 8 will be known as No, 4 and will leave McGregor at 12:35 a. m. daily except Monday, on the arrival of I, &p, train No. 4, anS will arrive at Milwaukee at g;fi| a, m. These trains will bawl the L&D, sleeping oar a&a chair oar, The I. & D, sleeping an4 chair oars will run from and to Chicago on Phioa^ go. and. Milwaukee trains Nos, 1 and 4. Trains 1 an4 4 on the Dubuque division will be discontinued, There will be no close connection at North McGregor either from or to the Dubuque Division with trains j aed 4 as heretofore. '^' EtePSK'K* Agent. are excellent opportunities the ling ol tbe Chicago & North- W§|ter» railway iewesterf Minnesota |S§ SQ^hTpaUota fpp those who ar| A DISCUSSION OF MONEY AND Mas the Beeiitte ifl Pi-ices Itt the Past TWettty^flve teats Seen at the of the Farme* Out of fcebt? MB. OftUBfl'S ARGUMENT. Mas the decline in prices in 25 years been at the expense of tbe farmer and laborer out of debt) This is a question of practical concern.to the farmer, it is irue that the price of all commodities under competition ought to be fixed by the cost of production. If this were so and the farmer iesired to exchange all the products of his .abor for the products of others and he had ho debts to pay it would be immaterial to aim what the price of his products Were. Uut are any of these conditions attainable? [n the first instance the farmer is about the only person who sells his products in open coir: petition in the markets of the world, and the only one who has nothing to do in fixing their price. When the farmer comes to town he inquires what they are paying for hogs, wheat or corn, or what are butter or eggs worth today, but if he goes into the store to buy anything he asks how many pounds of sugar or coffee for a dollar, and he has nothing to do but buy at their price or let It alone. It is well known that in many of the things that the farmer buys there are combinations, pools and trusts, organized for the express purpose of keeping out competition and keeping up the price of their product. The government takes a hand in and levies a protective tariff that enables the manufacturers of this country to keep out competition with manufacturers in other countries. It is true they also put a tariff on the products of the farmer, but who over knew of these selling above the prices fixed in the markets of the world. All these things are at the expense of the farmer regardless of whether he is in debt or not, and any depreciation in the price of his products make it all the harder for him to bear. But is it true that any farmer is ever out of debt? Let us see. The debt of the government, or the national indebtedness, is something over 81,000,000,000. State and municipal indebtedness, in 1890, United States census, §1,000,000,000 more, while the railway bonds on 173,000 miles of rail way in 1893, •, Poor's manual, was about $5,000,000,000, making an aggregate indebtedness in those three items of over $7,750,000,000, none of which is personal indebtedness, but all of which the farmer must help to pay, if indeed he does not eventually pay it all. And any depreciation in the price of the products with which this great debt has to be paid cannot be to the advantage of the farmer. In the issue of Tire UPPEII DES MOINES in which these questions were proposed for discussion is a valuable table, and I trust it will not be discredited, because it is a table of statistics, under the heading, "What We Pay !n Taxes." The total tax paid last year in Kossuth county was §195,496. I presume the farmers paid their share. Whether it was a debt or not they had to pay it. That this amount has been increasing from year to year for the past 25 years, and is still increasing I think was clearly shown by Mr. Angus in your issue of April 31. That these fixed charges are constantl growing, and with wonderful rapidity, think will not be questioned. In 1861 i costless than $2 per capita to run th government, while the present year it wi be about $8, or four times as much, Th salary of the representative from this dis trict in congress could have been paid i 1865 with 200 barrels of pork, To pay Mi Dolliver's salary with the appurtenanc this year will take 800 barrels. I presum it will not be contended that there has bee any remarkable improvement in method of producing hogs during that time tha would' in any manner account for th cheapened product. If it were true tha the farmer could exchange his product fo the products of others on the basis of th^ cost of production, which he cannot do, the depression in the price of his products would still be to his disadvantage on ac count of these fixed charges, which must b paid in money, and which nothing else -wil satisfy. Let us see how an account with a quarte: section farm in 1878 and the same farm in 1896 would stand, allowing that labor ha remained stationary, and allowing that th farm produced the same both years, allow ing the surplus of the farm to be 1,00( bushels of wheat, In 1878 the would stand: SEttifcS.i depreciation ia price of his products ana * the further fact that the manufa6tn«M* have combined to keep up the price of product in order that they may p ay accoun For labor 820000 For taxes 25 00 For repairs, etc 40 00 Household expenses 400 00 Total .$600 00 By 1,000 bu. wheat at $1 per bu Expenses Profit 189*7 • For labor $80000 Fortaxes v 5000 Forrepatrs 4000 Household expenses 400 00 . cents per bu Expenses $1,000 00 63000 $ 340 00 50000 49000 9 Profit v *v v v If an account of this kind were kept with corn, oats, hay pr hogs for the year X896, or with all of them, what kind of a showing would it make, when you say a farmer at Armstrong shipped a carload of corn for which he realized two cents, and that the railroads refused to take hay unless the '" Of course the the difference freight is paid in advance? larger the crop the more would be in the result, When you piit the price of the products you must inpre than divide the expense, owing to fixed charges to which all are subject, or ypu will have nothing left. But, ypu will say, Jjpw can the farmer get ftlong at »11 if that is tr«e? L$t m tell you. Farmers have a happy faculty of getting along without things when they are SPt able to get them, as the manufacturers know to their sorrow during the past few years. Thep W dgtfees and lockouts, virtually taxing the 1M - mei for this purpose and crowding down the prices of the products of the farm until the* have got below the most economical cost of production. In view of these facts a i| they are facts, 1 can but feel that the fl e citne in prices for the past 25 years has been at the expense of the farmer, regard ' less of his debts. o. C. CHUBB. 4- -*- -4- REJOIN&GR. In spite of the fact that the Iow a farmer had his best prices during the lo years from 1885 to 1895 Senator Chubb will insist in this and the subsequent discussions that there has been a steady decline for 80 years. In the present discussion, in which the matter of paying debts is not considered he will insist that the prices of farm pro' ducts have not only fallen, but have fallen as rapidly as the prices of goods, machinery, etc. Even if we consent to ignore the Iowa markets and accept the impression the present condition encourages, that the farmer has been on a steady decline, still this second assumption is without foundation in the books of any merchant or grain buyer in the state, and is opposed to the common experience of the people. The farmers of Kossuth county know that they have more of the conveniences in their homes, better clothing on their backs, better food on their tables, better machinery on their farms in exchange for their yearly product than they had 25 years ago. If any possible warrant for a contrary conclusion could be found it would be in the experience of the past year of unparalleled depression. A single citation, however, overthrows even the argument of six-cent oats. In January, 1878, during a period somewhat like the present, the highest price for wheat in Algona was 75 cents, oats 15, corn 20, potatoes 20, hay ?3. At that time salt cost $3.25 a barrel, sugar 10 to 14 cents a pound, McCormack mowers $125, mollasses 80 cents, good tea $1.50. Taking even the lowest prices now, saying nothing of calves, cows, steers, poultry, butter, etc., and the farmer is still exchanging to as good advantage as he did 24 years ago. But how is it, as Senator Chubb asked last week, that the farmer is an exception to the rule, and that his prices have not kept company with the rest in a gradual decline? The chief reason is the comparatively limited amount of arable land on the earth's surface. While now and then the supply of some one or two food products seems to outrun the demand, the total supply, in,spite of all improved methods of production, has never yet fully met the needs of the human family, and probably never will. Supply must outrun demand before pi-ices fall. Up to that point improved facilities instead of benefiting the consumer benefit the producer, and manifest themselves in the increased value of the plant, in this case in the' rising prices of desirable soil. Senator Chubb makes light of this claim, but take a single illustration, Improved creamery machinery has- done as much to cheapen the cost of butter making probably as new devices have done for any line of manufacturing. Before its advent the Kossuth farmer sold his product at not to exceed 12J4 cents a pound. Today, doing half the work, he gets for 1896 over 15 cents a pound, the entire advantage to be seen in the doubled and trebled value of dairy farms and stock, But Senator Chubb says if this were so all the world would turn farmer. What has all the world done? Why did Gov. Larrabee buy 6,000 acres of Kossuth land when he could have bought almost any railway stock in the United States at par? Why does every man with surplus money invest in land instead of in newspapers or stores or factories? Twenty-five years ago the Milwaukee railway with difficulty disposed of its lands at $5 an acre with a $2.50 rebate for breaking, Those lands cannot be bought today for $80, If bank stock should gain 50 per cent, it would be remarkable, and the advance pf Chicago street railway stock to $800 a share was phenomenal. But here is a rise compared to which these are insignificant. Senator Chubb tries tp minimize the force of this by attributing this rise in values to schools, homes, roads, etc. How can that be when these and like improvements have first come put of the land and are a tax and burden upon it, a tax and burden that would depreciate its value unless its earning capacity is pon, stant, just as expensive Improvements will depreciate the value of a railway or bank or newspaper if made without reference to the yearly financial showing? The only thing that gives value to land is its earning capacity. In spite of these improvements .and has shrunk in the present panic be* cause its earning capacity is curtailed. This is not a favorable time for tellipg he farmers of Iowa, who own their own and, that they have a "soft snap," and that some day they are going to be de- lounced as the real monopolists, But be* ng a fact, the present hard times do not affect, any more than the hard times of 878 affected it. The man who has tpday saptwed a fair share pf the fertile sp|l pf he Mississippi valley, has laid a surer buudatlpn for the future, than the orgaij*' , zer pf banks and the promoter pf railways.. 5 Fne young man withpyt means will ift " SenatPr Chubb's time

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