The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on May 5, 1897 · Page 4
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 4

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, May 5, 1897
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T«rmn to Subscribers: .. , three months. . ..... ....... 40 iiiy address »t»bot-« rates. B«altbrdr»ft.inonet order, express order, note at bur risk. application. LAFE YdC3«<5 IS ALL RIGHT. The Capital has published all of the testimony before the printing investigating committee at Des Moines in Ml. It is voluminous but the gist of it, so fat as the state binding is involved, is given in the following ans* wets by Lieut Gov. Parrott. To all who know the governor his evidence Will be conclusive: O. I will ask you if you have examined any considerable number of the documents of 1896, and compared them with other Years! * A. Yes, sir. I went down in the document room one day and made a pretty gen era! examination. Q. Did you compare the work of the present state binder, especially the documents of 1896. with the documents of 1SS6? A. Yes. sir. Q. "Will yon state what was the general relationship of the two sets of documents as to material used and general character of the work? A. I was unable to see any difference in the books, those that I examined. I examined the journals and some laws, and I examined some documents, and I thought the books of 1S96 were generally well bound books. Mr. Lambert: Mr. Parrott, what is the difference between sheep and skiver, in binders' parlance? A. Well, very little. This question has been discussed so much and there is so much talk about the matter that when I •was in Chicago, recently, I went into a leather store to find out for myself about the difference between skiver and sheep, and there was a pile thrown out on one end of the counter and a pile on the other, and I could not see any difference except one •was larger than the other; and I was told one was S-X skiver and the other was law sheep; but in finish and weight and durability I could not have detected or told one from the other. THE WPER DES MOINES: ALGONA, IOWA, WEDNESDAY. MAY 6, 1897. A DISCUSSION 'OF MONEY AND is the happy father of a big bouncing baby boy bora last Friday morning. Mother and son are doing nicely and is recovering rapidly. SOME, weeks ago Senator Chubb read a paper before the farmers' institute in which he referred to the effect of the gold standard on farming. • THE UPPER DES MOIXES criticized it and be suggested a discussion, which begins in this issue. It will run through four issues and cover the questions: Has there been an appreciable decline in the prices of farm produce in the past 25 years? Has the general decline in prices during that period been at the expense of the farmer and laborer, out of debt? TT«s the decline in prices injured the debtor? Has the decline in prices been due to contraction of the currency? Each prepares bis paper entirely independent of the other, and the two appear each week side by side. There will be no running debate. Senator Chubb makes no claims to be a debater and THE UPPER DES MOINES certainly does not, but we hope that the discussion will sufficiently outline the subject to be of general interest. PHASE P. CLARKSON, youngest son of the redoubtable Register editor, was married at Sioux City last Friday evening to Miss Louise Knott. Prank possesses an undiminisbed supply of the real Clarkson vigor and is going to be one of the leading newspaper men of the west. As a boy be learned every detail of the art preservative, and has graduated from one department to another in the Register office until now beholds the responsible position of city editor. His bride is one of the belles of Sioux City, and the wedding was the social event of the season. The new Bart fire engine got in its work on 3. H. Graham's barn last week, saving the town a big blaze. TbeMonStor says the engine is all right Armstrong had a baby cyclone last week. It scattered several small buildings all over town and some ot the larger ones rocked to and fro for half a minute, but no material damage was done. Mrs. Ike Pinners uncle died at Corwith last week, aged 46. He fell from a staging at Rapid City, S. D., five years ago, crushing the bones of his foot and ankle. He never recovered from the injury. Garner Signal: The Algona UPPER DES MoiNES of 30 years ago shows by its columns that the snow had just thawed April 18, 1867. That is quite a good deal later than Ibis year. We have had worse springs. Emmetsburg Tribune: Rev. Joseph COok Oiled the pulpit in the M. E. church Sunday morning and evening. Notwithstanding the burden of 75 years he preached two strong sermons. Rev. Cook lives at Hobart, Kossuth county. Emmetsburg Reporter: Rev. Cook of Hobart occupied the pulpit in the Methodist church Sunday in the absence of the ^pastor. He preached a very good discourse, and we have heard many favorable comments concerning it. Clear Lake Mirror: Mrs. Cbas. Knutson returned Monday from a two weeks visit with her mother, Mrs. Quick, and friends in Algona. The complete enjoyment of her visit was marred by illness, she being confined to her bed most of the time while absent. Buffalo Center Tribune: The school board has re-engaged A. A. Sifert and the entire corps of teachers for the following year. Prof. Sifert has put in a year of very hard work here and deserves this from the board. He is a good earnest worker and is making a success of the Buffalo Center schools. Algona friends of Mr. McDermott will be pleased at this note in the MasonCityRepublican: AttorneyT. G. McDermott is at Sioux City attending to legal business. Mr. 'McDermott gives promise of making a lawyer of prominence in the profession. He is a student and this with his good general education will bring him to the front in a short time. Miss Daisy Hack, daughter of Algona's old-time miller, had a close call last week. The Humboldt Republican says she was standing in the yard at the Ellsworth residence, near the stone quarry, when a rock, thrown by a blast just discharged in the quarry, passed directly over her bead and buried itself in a two-inch plank beyond. The missile passed within a few feet of Miss Hack, and can be called a very narrow escape. PBOMnTENT IN CHICAGO SOCIETY. E. G. Bowyer's Sister, Mrs. Lcoiiorc Bowyer Veirs, Is a Leader in Many Good Works In the City. The Chicago Saturday Evening Hera_ld, an illustrated weekly paper, publishes a fine portrait of E. G. Bowyer's sister, and gives her much prominence among the leading women of the city. Her husband is a 'lawyer, they have a beautiful home in Park avenue. The Herald enumerates the many societies Mrs. "Veirs is a member of, and tells of the work she has done on the library committee of the Young Women's Christian association, etc. She is a member of the Ladies' Social circle, the Ultra club, Monday Night club, a life member of the Woman's Foreign Missionary society, etc. Mrs. Veirs and husband attended the Grant memorial exercises in New York, guests of Mr. Bowyer's brother, Lieut. J. M. Bowyer. The Herald pays Mrs. "Veirs high praise in conclusion: "As a society woman, a club woman, and in the queenly realm of home, Mrs. Veirs combines all the noble characteristics of the highest and truest type of American womanhood," THE Republican takes its combine with the Courier seriously, and attempts to defend it on the ground that once THE UPPER DES MOINES got some official ballot supplements at its office. TbeRepublican evidently thinks that if THE .UPPER DES MOINES does a thing it's right. The exigencies in the best regulated printing office will occasionally compel it to call on its neighbors. But one occasion with THE UPPER DES MOINES in 15 years is hardly enough to warrant any such pool as the Republican and Courier are running in on the public. The Republican says, also, that it and THE UPPER DES MOINES have always divided work on the delinquent tax list, This reference is very roal' adroit. The offices have, it is true, divided the work, but they have also, which the Republican did not mention, divided the pay. The county pays but one legal rate for publishing the tax lift i». t^o .papers. Each does half wprk aad gets half pay, while on their «tber public printing the Republican Courier, ace dping ball work for f»Wp»y, TBJ8 JSGHBOIIQQI). 6Ays Jft8, McDjQnald is 'iv^ff ™ " ?*T>* 'f^t-witWMM^pf JBW tlr|w»ftfiO»rM«f s&dy '»"'-'—- BWi$»« ' AEEIAL NAVIGATION. Some Thoughts Suggested by the He- cent Air Ship "Fake." Aarial navigation has occupied the thoughts and time of many since our earliest civilization. At the present time a good, well constructed balloon is the only practical result reached. The object of invention is to better the conditions and surroundings of mankind. Would navigating the air be of any practical value or benefit? Our present system of transportation is rapid enough for all practical purposes. The air ship fallacy has created quite an excitement of late. It can safely be said no air ship has been seen or exists except as a toy. The immutable laws of the universe so far as known are a perfect bar to navigating the air. Every night thousands of telescopes in the hands of votaries to science scan every part of the heavens, yet no air ship or anything unusual has been seen by them of late. A few years ago a sea, serpent was seen in almost every lake, pond, and river in the United States. It is well known that no serpent existed; it was only the excited imagination of those who thought they saw it. Most every one has experienced the vagaries of imagination; you think you see some' thing; the longer you look the better it is defined, until you see just what youi imagined in perfect form, Eow many hunters are constantly shooting at imaginary game. Practical joking ia one of the strong propensities of many, The air ship has giyen ample opportunity to practice favorite fplly. present, times have given hopes of gmfttei' aphievemean, IJleotrtpifc hfijag WtiUsed wore ^ach, year; in the future give us aerial navigation of the most perfect kind. The aerial ship fallacy is another grand lesson to mankind. It illustrates the profound philosophy of the wonderful and unknown power of mind OB tnind. HEKBT DURANT. SBWS IOTES. Congressman Dolliver has sent in the names of the following coming postmasters: Z. S. Barrett for Wesley, W. A. Wright for Ledyard. Chas. Wortman for Germania and Ike Harrison for LuVerne. It is a good list. Every one will make a number one official. -*--*- -T- Al. xVdams has a lot of items in the Humboldtlndependentabout Algonians at Odd Fellow celebration: Hon. Geo. C. Call of Algona was introduced and ;ave the formal address of the occasion. Jr. Call's words were listened to with very earnest attention and all were edified and instructed in the uses and origin of Oddfellowship. We were elad to note the presence of Mr. E. Hf Clarke, Esq. He was doing a nice job of chaperone for some very nice engaging young ladies. Eugene is always doing good. We note especially the presence of that worthy couple of Odd Fellows, Mr. and Mrs. Conner. E. G. Bowyer and wife were with the excursion and made the hearts of many friends glad with greetings. -f- -r- -5- Bailey discusses theCorwith-Lu Verne school land contest: Anyone who would steal Kossuth county land if there was any Hancock county land to steal ought to be beaten. We don't know anything about the matter any more than this, Kossuth countv dotrt want to pay for the schooling of the scholars who attend school in Hancock county, and we hope they will have to pay their bills with interest. If the matter is settled equitably no one in Hancock county will find any fault. But if it is settled by letting Kossuth get away with the taxes that justly belong to the independent district of Corwith no one will be satisfied until the hist resort—the supreme court—decides it. Chas. Grimm isarranging the biggest shooting tournament for Clear Lake ever held in Iowa. He will offer $500 in addition to the regular purses. A. D. Bicknell is recalling how it was in 1862 in the Humboldt Republican. One paragraph is of local interest: Everybody was keen for news from the front, yet, with rare exceptions, nothing came to us younger than four days of age. It came about this way: The day it was printed in Dubuque it reached Cedar Falls; next night it slept with the stage at Iowa Falls: next night at Fort Dodge, and the following day it touched Dakota City on its way up to Algona and Blue Earth City. But we never waited for the mail bags to be opened to learn the outlines—the headlines as it were—of the latest news, for the stage driver, everywhere beyond the last telegraph office and railroad station, was the veritable town crier, and he either gladdened or saddened every one on his line as 1)6 shouted out the bloody news of the day. TEAFPIO IS EESUMED. noon the discussion will be on the question. " Would Woman Suffrage Benefit the State?" lathe evening Mrs. Carrie Chapman Catt, *ho has also been in Aleona, will give an address. A PBETTt FAIB SPBDTG, Off I.—Has the Farm Price of farm Produce Declined Appreciably During tie Past Twenty-five Vears? Northern totva 19 Mncb Better Thim the Rest ot the Country* The state crop report is: " Greater advancement has been made in the northern districts than in the southern half of the state, where the rainfall has been much heavier." " Kossuth. Aigona—Seeding completed, except flax: plowing for corn general, and some planting will be done next week if weather is warm: seed corn scarce anil high. (Garfield township)—Small grain sown; mostly up and looks well." This looks better than last week's report One item is: "The average for the whole state during the week was more than the normal amount for the month of April. All former records of April precipitation in this state have been broken. The week brought a culmination of the bad weather of this most unfavorable season." MB. CHtJBB'S ARGUMENT. General prices are the thermometer of social progress. They fall as we progress in ingenuity and civilization, and rise as we retrograde. This holds true only durine such a period of time as the money standard in which prices are estimated remains fixed and unchanged and bas not itself fluctuated in value, and only when applied to general prices. In order to successfully maintain the The Uljr Washout on the Line Between the Republican and Courier Back Doors Is Repaired. It is a pleasure to report that the road between the offices of our esteemed bed fellows of the north side is again in good repair. The ex-priest cyclone came near cutting it out, but an "extra long batch of city council proceedings healed the breach. Last Tuesday Bro. Starr sent his boy down to THE UPPER DES MOINES to get the report after we had it in type. His righteous determination was to forgo Ike and the rascally Courier types. But the proceedings had been given to Ike, and he had to go to the Courier after them. Our office cat kept its eye open and it shortly. after saw Bro. Starr set forth with the look of a Roman judge on his countenance for the Courier office. He kicked the dust off his feet as be crossed the threshold, and inquired for the documents. Ike passed them over. Bro, Starr cast his eye down page after page until it dawned on his mind that there was a column of solid brevier to be put up, and then his sand gradually oozed out. He quietly laid them down, walked out, and next day his boy came over meekly and inquired if the gaily of type was ready, meekty shouldered it, and meekly hunted up the well beaten back track. Then Bro. Starr went to the case and set up a new heading for the column to make his readers believe it was his own report. Meanwhile the city of Algona pays both offices for doing the work. ODD PELLQWS OELEBBATE. The Twenty-Otth Anniversary of the Algona Lodge la Appropriately Observed. Last Friday at 2 o'clock all the Odd Fellows gathered at their hall to celebrate the twenty-fifth anniversary of their organization in Algona. The following program was carried out, music being interspersed: Introductory remarks ............. E. H. Clarke Reading minutes of first meeting.. E. O.Tuttle Our Charter Members ........... J. p. NlcouUn Odd Fellowship In 1872 ............. J. R, Jones Roll of Deceased Brothers ........ B. H. Clarke Odd Fellowship or Today ............. ..... , ..... ......... ...... Fred. Anderson, Wesley The Jerlco Road... ...... ..... »J. B. Corlt, Burt The Rebeckah Oegree. . . Mrs, Dr. Beane, Burt Letters from Judge Weaver, J. B. Ern- mtaEfr. H, 3. Vaughn, J. J£. Fm, J. w. Hopkins ........... . ........... ....E. C. Tattle I. O.O. F. Uoat ....................... B. F. Reed The Welcome of Pan ......... , . . Ed. Blackf ord Speeches were made by many mem. hers, among them A. D. White of Britt, an old'ttoe Algoni&n, ji m Whalen O f Bancroft, Rev, Plumper pf Wesley, All the program was excellent. It was a reunion that will long he remembered. WOM4S TO TOT, Fuji Program ef Tftef r coming CPU. OHAEGED WITH IMMOBALITY. Rev. J. VT. Gelser, the Masonic and A. O. TJ. VV. Orator In Algona, Furnishes a Sensation. Rev. J. W. Geiger of Marion, the witty orator at- the A. O. U. W. picnic in Algona last summer, and before that the orator of the annual Masonic reunion, has been cited by the Davenport association of Congregational churches to answer to charges of immoral and unministerial conduct. The charges are preferred by two women and various members of his congregation. Rev. Mr. Geiger denies the charges and has sued Rev. G. S. Rollins and G. W. Stratton in the court of Shelby county for damages in the sum of $25,000, alleging conspiracy and libel. THE MAY JTJBY LIST. Judge Quarton "Will Open Court May 25—The Xew Jury Panel. The new jury list for the May term was drawn Saturday. It as follows: Harry Dalzell, Den Paine. A. Winter, Burt; Henry Baas. West Bend: J. P. Hawkes. Chas. Quick, Geo. H. Brooks, H. W. Walston, J. J. Cordin'gley, O. B. Durdall, C. J. Brown. W. Bates, Algona: L. C. Cast, A. Jacobson, Seneca: A. Q. Smith, Buffalo Center: R R. Radway. John Speicher, X. Hi Beard, Swea City; D. E. Raney, C. Trumbull, Iryington: C. L. Ostrander, Chas. Morehouse. Fred Goetz, John Mack, Jr., Bancroft; John Funnemark, P. Johnson, Conrad Falk, Wesley: Michael Andorfer, Jr., Sexton. AMONG THE ADVEETISEBS. The Algona house has a new illuminated sign. Look in on Galbraith's big ribbon sale Friday and Saturday. Wm. Kuhn has blossomed out in a handsome new delivery wagon. The big gopher picnic at J. H. Grover's in Portland is set for June 4. It will be a gala occasion. C. C. Chubb went to St. Paul Monday to try and buy 200 steers for feeding. A Blue Earth City buyer went with him. Craig Calkins traded off his livery business at the old S. P. Christenseh barn to J. H. Gortner of Burt last week for a bouse in Bancroft. He is undecided what he will do. Some time ago C. M. Doxsee offered a little range to the girl who mnde the most words out of the letters in Buck's steel range. One girl has several thousand words, and he has a drawer full of lists to go through. John Grove bas been up at Morris, Minn., getting out a big 24-page edition of the Tribune, full of advertisements and a good write up of the country. Any town that will indulge in such an advertisement is alive. John got 4,000 copies for his land company. Jas. Taylor expected to run his 50 cent kid glove ad. in THE UPPER DES MOINES two weeks, but came around Monday and took it out. He says his sorts were all broken before Saturday night. His Saturday millinery trade was the biggest he has ever done yet in one day. The travel in Durdall's store has worn out the old floor and a new hard maple one is going in. Then the counters and woodwork are all to be painted light, and a bran new store opened. Meanwhile preparations for the big red letter sale Friday and Saturday are going on. L. E. Key of Cuthbert, Ga., is spending the week in Algona at the Thorington talking to all who are interested in the south. He has some handsomely illustrated books he gives away as souvenirs, and would be glad to meet at the hotel all who want to know about the finest fruit country in the world. Mr. Key comes with the high est recommendations and is a pleasant gentleman to meet. A WHTTTEMOBE SCANDAL. A Bad Family Muss Vflll Be Aired In the Coming Term of Court- More of the Limbrldee Divorce. At the last term of court J. W, Lillibridge's wife got a divorce from him on the charge of adultery. No sensation was created because no defense was made. But- now Lillibridge brings suit against bis brother. H, A,, charging biro with seducing bis wife, alienating her affections, etc, He asks $10,000 damages. S, S. Sessions and Geo. W. Argoarehis attorneys and have the papers already on file. It will probably bring out as flirty a scandal as the county has ever had. are for Homeaeekers. opportunities along the Itae of ih § Qhtea|o& wsterarattwayjg westerp Mi So«H» Dftkoto for those who first eJa*s position that the prices of farm products have not declined since 1873 it seems to me that a person would have to deny the fact that there has been a wonderful improvement in methods of fanning, aided by a like improvement in machinery, that enables one man with a selfbinder to do the \vorkthatusedtorequireflve or more, or the threshing machine that sacks the grain and stacks the straw at the same time, or the thousand other useful inventions that are all calculated to reduce the cost of production. Is it possible that the farmer alone has been able to maintain the prices of his product while all other commodities have declined? If so he is to be congratulated. The practical farmer knows. If it were true the whole world would turn farmers. This is a question of fact, and general in its application and reaches the farmer in all countries of the world, and statistics to be of any value must be based on averages of prices fixed in the markets of the world. Tables fixed on prices of local markets are of no value and are misleading, as they are governed largely by local needs, and not by a general demand. In his report of 1S7S the secretary of the agricultural society of Iowa reports the price of wheat in Iowa at from 25 cents to SI per bushel, only one county reporting the last named amount, and he puts the average for the state at 50 cents. This •would show how utterly unreliable a local market would be. The first crop of wheat we raised in Iowa was held over because there was no demand for it here, while the secretary of agriculture gave the average price of wheat on the farms of the country at S1.02. We were getting §1.25 per hundred for hauling goods from the nearest railroad to Algona at that time. About that time we paid SI per bushel for oats when they were worth only 35 or 40 cents in the market splaces. The secretary of agriculture gives the average price of corn on the farms in the country for 1S96 at 21 cents. You know how it corresponds with prices on farms here, but in many local markets in the country corn is selling for from 40 to 50 cents per bushel. I give these instances simply to show how utterly worthless any report of a local market would be in establishing any fact in nection with a rise or fall of prices. If any statistics are reliable it seems to me that those prepared by Mr. Sauerbeck for the Royal Statistical society ought to be considered as authority. He gives by index numbers the fall in prices from in 18T5 to 63 in 1S95; or ex-Secretary Morton's report, which purports to show the prices on the farms of wheat, corn and hay for the yeai-s from 1866 to the present time. He shows that 100 bushels of corn, three tons of hay and 27 bushels of wheat, which would have sold for §104 in IST2 would only bring §61 in 1S96, and he puts wheat at 73 cents per bushel and corn at 21 cents for 1S96. Mr. Wharton Barker of Philadelphia published in the American of Feb. 6, 1S97, a carefully prepared table of index numbers, which show that beginning Jan. 1, 1891, and ending Jan. 1,1897, there has been a fall in bread stuffs from 100 to 6S.46 and in live stock from 100 in 1891 to 77.32 in 1897. These include most of the products of the farm. Dr. Charles Clark Ridpath in his Bond and the Dollar shows conclusively that it would take more of any of the different products of the farm to pay the national debt today than to have paid it in 1866 when it was more than double what it is at the present time, and any apt school boy can figure it out for himself. But admitting all these people to be mistaken, there is one argument that to my mind is conclusive and unanswerable by any sophistry. That is that price of land in all the older settled parts of the world is and has been depreciating in price. Now it is well known to every farmer that land is worth just what you can make out of it, and you can make it by figuring on what the crop is worth on the farm. If you can make a reasonable interest on land at $75 or §100 an acre then the land is worth that, if less, then the land must be bought for less. Now in many of the eastern states and in many foreign countries land that would sell readily a few years ago at from $75 to 8100 per acre can be bought today for from |35 to ^tO per acre. If they got the same price for their products on the farm the land would still sell for the same price. Attention may be called to the fact that land has not depreciated here. True, it has not In the year 1864 I was offered in the city of Albany 100,000 acres of Iowa land at $i per acre. It could not depreciate much. But what has given it the added value I Why, every settler's cabin, every school house, every church, every highway and every bridge, in fact every improvement in the country has added to the value of the land, and much more may be done in improving our highways and still we are not up to the average i» price for land of the same quality as owrsin other parts. And though I feel that the prices of fern* products on tUe, farm have depreciated, fearfully | y^ believe that uwder the system proposed by W U> the article that provoked this di£ the farmers 0 J ftfe country REJOINDER. Senator Chubb's purpose in this discussion is to prove that there has been steady fall in the prices of farm produce due to one general cause, scarcity of money It is evident that the effects of such a cause must be felt by all localities alike, if j^ proofs fail as to Iowa or Kossuth county the foundation of his argument is gone ' The natural test of the Whole matter Would be to take some one locality, not subject to any special conditions, the one for instance we are personally acquainted with and note the tendency of prices for a series of years. actual market Senator Chubb will decline to do this, and will insist upon using general statistics for the world showing average prices. This at the outset requires consideration of the value of general statistics, -which like doctor books are apt to be misleading if not very judiciously studied. Many a man who has succeeded beyond reasonable expectations has gone through life in a cloud of gloom and foreboding, reading dire disaster ia big tables of figures sent out from Washington, just as many another, enjoying average good health, bus become a chronic invalid in his mind, discovering in some popular medical work that he is possessed of* symptoms of every malady known to mortality. Senator Chubb cited, in his address at the farmers' institute, a table recently prepared by the national bureau of agriculture showing a marked average decline in the prices of farm produce in the past 30 years. One suggestion indicates how misleading such a table may be. Geo. E. Roberts wrote to Secretary Morton and asked if the averages were not reached by crediting to each state the amount of its product at the selling price, for instance, to one state 25,000,000 bushels of oats at 40 cents, and to another 200,000,000 at 20 cents. Mr. Morton replied that this was the method adopted. He said: "In the supposed case mentioned by you the average of the two states as computed by this office would not be 30 cents, but would be an average based upon 225,000,000 bushels at the prices mentioned." This means that if 30 years ago Iowa and New York each raised 10,000,000 bushels of oats, worth in New York 40 cents and in Iowa 20 cents, that the average price would be 30 cents; while if now Iowa raises 100,000,000 bushels of oats, while the production in New York has remained stationary or has fallen off, the average price would have materially declined although oats were still selling in New York at 40 cents and in Iowa at 20. A moment's consideration will show that the mere gain in proportionate amount of product in the west in the past 30 years will account for a big average reduction in prices as shown by these tables, even if prices in fact had not fallen in any market. Another illustration of the fallacy of average prices. Secretary AVilson has found in the past few weeks that while American butter has gone up in London, Danish, French, Swedish,. Dutch, and German butter has fallen. Would Senator Chubb argue from an "average reduction" in the London market that the American butter maker is losing ground? The senate committee in 1892 found that 200 common articles in daily use had gone down 14 per cent., but among them food products, chiefly our farm products, had gone up four per cent. Would Senator Chubb argue that the average decline was a symptom of bad times on the farm? Because lessening freight rates have put the products of the west into eastern markets and caused the eastern farmer to suffer, is the decline in his prices to be used to - prove that the western farmer is the victim of some general affliction devastating agriculture? Average prices prove nothing. The price actually received in the local market is the price which tells the story. Even public men, students of economics, and the farmers themselves in Iowa had been deceived by general tables into the belief that their prices had been steadily falling, until Geo. E. Roberts was thoughtful enough to take the files of the Dubuque Daily Herald since 1866 and find out what market prices had really been for every day in 80 years. Then it was suddenly discovered that on the whole the prices of farm products in Iowa had been'on the gain, a gain that was not checked until the panic of 1893. The ioeal markets of Iowa vary, but for ft series of weeks, months, or years, not materially as to staples. They dispose of Senator Chubb's whole claim of a steady and general decline in prices. It makes no difference what eminent men, impressed with the calamities of the unfortunate owners of poor land elsewhere may have said about the depression in agriculture, in 1893 the Kossuth farmer was getting the best prices he ever had. The mere fact that our land has steadily risen in value negatives the idea that its products have steadily fallen. No one questions that the rich lands of the Mississippi valley and the cheapened freight rates to eastern and European markets, in the past 80 years have revolutionized agricultural conditions and have made the owners of high priced and impoverished soil very weary. But tfee process of change by which lows land to marching up to the HOC an acre mart' while in the older sections land ia coming down is. not a process that indicates a general decline of agriculture: i THE DISCOVERY SAY1P BUS *&• G. CaUleuette, druggist ville, HI., says j »TQ fc)r. Kfng'8 v W T owe wy Hf e . W » and tried, aJJ tj,e ftYflU rt»

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