The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on January 8, 1954 · Page 3
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January 8, 1954

The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 3

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Friday, January 8, 1954
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FRIDAY, JANUARY 8, 1958 BLYTBEflLLI (ARK.) COURIER NEWS Soil Testing is Easy- Soil testing is the key which unlocks higher profits from proper fertilizer application. The pictures above show all the tools needed and proper sampling procedure. A shovel won't be needed if the farmer borrows the soil sampling tube which may be obtained in the county agent's office. Ten samples must be taken from various spots in each field. A "field" Is identified, In this instance, as one area which has the same general soil and same crop and fertilizer history. Fertilizer bands, old house or barn sites, sand blows and other abnormal places should be avoided in taking the sample. These ten samples are mixed well in a clean bucket or can and about one pint of the mixture is retained as a specimen. In using a spade, turn up one spadeful about seven Inches deep. From the smooth side of the hole, slice a half-Inch thickness of soil and, using a pocket knife, remove all but a two-inch strip down the center . . . this is one of the ten samples to be saved. Samples should be numbered to conform with area number on a rough map or sketch of farm. When it's dry enough to plow, the soil Is right for sampling. Final step is returning specimen sample to County Agent's office. He'll box and label it and send sample to University of Arkansas soil testing laboratory. Further information is available In the County Agent's office. (Courier News Photos) Old Question: How Much Nitrogen? By H. H. CARTER, Assistant County Agent Adjusting the rate of nitrogen so as to provide the optimum amount for cotton, offers one of the greatest opportunities for higher and more economical cotton yields. I Too little nitrogen results in insufficient vegetation growth to give maximum yields. Too much nitrogen results in excessive vegetative growth, Which is accompanied by delayed maturity, boll rot and increased verticlllium wilt, increased picking difficulty, and reduced yields Results of studies made in the Delta farm area of Mississippi should be of value to north Mississippi County farmers in deciding how much nitrogen to use for cotton. The Mississippi Agricultural Experiment Station long ago recognized this problem of optimum rates of nitrogen for cotton in the Delta. Experiments to study the effect of of rates of nitrogen on cotton were started in 1921. Extensive work has been done on the problem in recent years. Results of the Mississippi Delta tests, reported in Mississippi Agricultural Station Bulletin 473, are: 1. The yields of cotton and net profit has increased with increased with rates of nitrogen up to 60 pounds of nltrogeii per acre. ,In the tests conducted, nitrogen applied at rates of 17 pounds or more per acre have resulted in slightly lower yields than those produced by the 60-pound rate of nitrogen. 2. Greater increases in yield have resulted from increasing the nitrogen from 45 to 60 pounds per acre on clay soils than on sandy loam soils. This suggests that higher rates may be more profitable on gumbo soils than on sandy and mixed soils. 3. The amount of cotton open at 1st picking was about the same for both the 60-pound and the 45-pound rates of nitrogen. The percentage of the total yield open at 1st picking was lower where 60-pounds of nitrogen was applied than were 45 pounds was used. Since North Mississippi County has a shorter season than occurs in Mississippi delayed maturity or late cotton is more of a problem here. For that reason, higher rates of nitrogen than those found to be profitable in Mississippi, would probably not be advisable here. If anything slightly lower rates would be indicated. The 60 pound optimum rate of nitrogen secured in the Mississippi study is an average for several seasons and locations. The optimum or best rate of nitrogen will vary from season to season and with the soil. The season cannot be predicted or controlled This leaves the soil as the determining factor in how much nitrogen to apply. The amount of nitrogen needed for particular soil will depend on its organic matter content and on the rate at which the organic matter jrenks down to liberate nitrogen to the crop during the growing season. {practically 100 percent of the soil nitrogen occurs in the form of organic % matter). The rate of organic matter decomposition (nitrogen released is determined by drainage and aeration conditions of the soil. Drainage and aeration conditions are influenced greatly by soil texture. Thus, a gombo soil will have a much slower rate of nitrogen release then will a mixed soil, and with the same organic matter content will need a higher application of nitrogen. The only accurate way to determine the organic content of the soil is by a soil test. The organic matter content, as determined by a soil test, along with j information on texture and drainage conditions supplies a valuable j means of determining the optimum rate of nitrogen application for a ; particular soil. When it is considered that th nitrogen needs for soils in Nort Mississippi County may run froj none in a limited number of case to 60 pounds or more per acre, th value of n soil test in determinin the optimum amount needed for particular field can be easily rea lized. For information on taking so samples, contact the county agen office in Blytheville. On Missco Farms By KEITH B1LBREY. Count; Agent Something to Think About By GERTRUDE B. HOL1.MAN County Home Demonstration Agent Do In Ancon, Canal Zone you remember Miss Phoebe Harris, former Northeast District Home Demonstration Agent? She is still with the Arkansas Agricultural Extension Service but is working in Ancon, Canal Zone. Miss Harris sends her regards to each of the Home Demonstration Club members of Mississippi County. We certainly wish her much success and happiness in her new work. L New Club ? A home demonstration club was organized recently in the Gosnell communits'. Leslie Dorris is the president. For the community project they have taken the job of landscaping the church and new grade school. The landscape committee includes Mrs. B. L. Maxwell, Mrs. J. C. Eubanks and Mrs. C. A. Moody. Good Project The Lone Oak Home Demonstration Club members has taken for their 1954 community project the sponsoring of the Lone Oak 4-H Club. There will be leaders from the home demonstration club who will help the members on clothing, cooking, canning, home improvement etc. The ladies will receive a lot of satisfaction for helping these children to become better citizens and homemakers. Eye Care You know how it irritates your eyes when you look into the sun. That's glare. The same glare is given off by an unshaded light bulb. U Light bulbs in the home should I be covered to prevent eye discom- •fort. Sharp shadows also cause eyestrain. A room should have enough shaded light so there are no harsh shadows. Studying, reading, sewing and other close work require a lot • of light. A center light in the room does not give enough. A lamp for this kind of work requires bulbs totaling at least 100 watts. Light can come from the right or left when you are rending. When you are writing, drawing or sewing, It Is Important to have light from the left if you are right handed. , Just the opposite If you are left- handed. This keeps the shadow of your hand from falling on your work. A lamp should be tall enough to give a good spread of light. For example, a good study lamp should be at least 14 inches from the base of the lamp to the bottom of the shade. A short lamp isn't generous with its light. All bare bulbs should be covered. Simple inexpensive plastic fixtures can be used over bulbs on drop cords. In a lamp, the shade alone cannot prevent glare. A gool lamp has a plastic or glass difusion bowl. This gives a soft light that is not harmful to the eyes. The new 150 watt indirect bulb can be used in- stead of the diffusion bowu, if pro ferred. Dirty light bulbs, fixtures, dif fuse bowls and shades are "ligh robbers." They soak up the light. T get your money's worth, you mus clean them regularly and keep the clean. It's Time To 1. Prune hybrid tea roses. 2. Sow the following seeds in cold frames or indoor flats for early spring transplanting: centaurea snapdragon, petunia, cosmos, nigella ageratum, portulaca, calendula,, nic population by cleaning trashy fenc. rows that border the garden or tlana and pansy. 3. Reduce next year's grasshopper Call or Write For Full Particulars on JONES & LAUGHLIN STEEL CORP. All Aluminum Atlas Irrigation Systems Dealers MeCALLA - McMANUS CO. P.O. Box 354, Blytheville, Arkansas, Phone 6833 J. F. McCalla 2600—NHe—A. H. McManus 6T47 MacDonaId's Farm Where can you get the finest in farm equipment repairs and parts? At the FARMERS IMPLEMENT COMPANY, of conne. We hare exactly what you need. Come in ... investigate our Krvice and selection! before buying elsewhere. WHfRC'* MOMMA?' •»Hi WINT TQ THf BMUTV • HOP TO «§T A MUO-mcK.» FARMERS IMPLEMENT CO. 8/66 N. HI6HWAV 61- BLVTHEVILLF ARK. Cotton Outlook The supply ot cotton In the United States for the 1953-54 season is estimated at 21.9 million bales ant disappearance is estimated a' about 12.3 million. This would leave a carry over on August 1, 1954 of about 9.6 million bales, compared with 5.5 mil lion a year earlier. (It's that 4 million bale gain in total supplj I and carry over that means real trouble for the cotton farmers Jor several years. About 6'/2 million bales of carry over probably will be held by Commodity Credit Corporation under the price support program. Export of cotton during the current season is expected to increase moderately above the 3 million bales exported in 1952-53. It's fantastic and almost unbe lievable but the total U. S. cotton crop for 1953' is now estimated at 16.4 million, 500 pounds weight bales. The 1953 yield per acre Is estimated at 322.4 pounds, and that's a record! Acreage Allotments American cotton producers approved 1954 marketing quotas bj a majority of 94.1% and remember that that:vote came after every farmer had received his 1954 cotton allotment, based on the 11.9 million national allotment. I reason from that vote that cotton farmers know they absolutely must control total production in line with demand. A Point Of Argument Some people contend that moderate prices, say at 90% of parity, will maintain a greater share of the world fiber market for cotton — the production Qf rayon and ing trashy fence rows that border truck patch site. 4, Acquire insight about your present nature and the direction you want to go in self-improvement. acetate in the U. S. has been declining steadily since July, 1953. The Tayon and acetate industry operated at 66% and 61% of capacity in October and November. Soybean Outlook Soybean supplies are about 32 million bushels below last year. Exports were at record level In 1953. Lower crushings .however, offset about 2/3 of the increase in exports. The soybean carry over is the largest since 1944 by about 11 million bushels. High exports are expected again in 1954. 1954 prices are expected to b near or at support levels. Perhaps Secretary Benson wl soon establish the loan suppoi level for soybeans in 1954. He 1m the authority, and Is expected t set the loan arte at somewher between 75% and 00% parity. An advisory committee is mee ing with the- Secretary of Agricu ture next week in regard to th soybean loan program. Jake Hartz, Jr., from Stuttgar is on this committee. A 90% loa would assure Arkansas producer about J2.54 per bushel. An 80% soybean loan would as sure you about $2.20. If he set th loan as low as 75% of parity yo could expect supports at abou $2.06 per bushel. Fertilizer Situation The fertilizer supply for 195 crop looks more favorable at thl time. I understand that som n'ice adjustments are being mad however. Ammonia nitrate is higher bu on the other hand nitrate of sod, s lower. A recent report from th' U.S.D.A. indicates that supplies o "ertllizer will be about 11% great or than last year. Potash seems quite generally ivailablc, and at a reasonabli >rice. Total nitrogen is greale mt the type you may prefer migh ;et scarce as the season pro YOU CAN BE PROUD, TOO... ^ WITH OUR CLEAN-UP, PAINT-UP, fcinffemREP'Special $2fl2fl To make your Farmall tractor shine with pride, we steam-clean it thoroughly and give it * tough, •weather-resistant coat of Harvester Red enamel. And if you wish, we'll give it our JH 5-Sur Service inspection at the same time. Free Paint job on tractors with overhaul jobs of $200 or more. Bring your tractor in anytime from Jan. 1 to Jan. 31 * * * * * S-STAR SERVICE Delta Implements, Inc. Blytheville "Service Holds Our Trade" Phone 686S grosses. It's quite obvious from soli tests being taken In North Mississippi County, that the farmers will use more fertilizer in 1954 and they also may come nearer using the elements which they most need. Here's food Jor thought: It's one thing to getl ncreased yields by using fertilizer but U Is another and more important thing to get Increased net Income from the use of fertilizer. Extra cotton is not needed. If you can't Increase your actual net cash gain from the use of fertilizer why not see what Is wrong, or juts leave It off. Keep Well Informed I think one of the best things all the farmers can do In 1954 is to keep better Informed. Personally, I would subscribe to a good local paper and to a few of the better farm magazines. You are going to be looking for new ideas and alternatives. Th« Ideas and information you can collect by reading a little are bound to be worth a great deal mor« than the cost. I'm not wiling any farm magazine but a few o fthe ones I like for thfe are* are The Progressive Farmer, Farm Journay, The Arkansas Farmer, Successful Farming, The Delta Farm Press and your newspaper. Arkansan Is Honored PAYETTEVILLE Wl—Dr. H. R. Rosen of the University of Arkansas has been named "Man of the Vear" for service to Arkansas agriculture by the Progressive Farmer Magazine. Rosen, professor of plant pathology in the university's College of Agriculture, developed the Arkwin variety of winter oats. Cattle Slaughter Is Up in State LITTLE ROCK Ifl — Arkansas' commercial slaughter houses butchered 9,800 head of cattle and calves and 21,000 hogs last November. The Crop Reporting Service said the number of cattle and calves slaughtered Increased 2,200 head above the corresponding month in 1952, but that the number of hogs slaughtered decreased. "Wonder State" is the nickname of Arkansas. Well-Placed Foundation SEALY, Tex. OB — A workman digging the foundation holes for Frank W. Key's new garage punched his post hole digger down In exactly the right spot. He broke a nan-gallon glass jar containing $322 in silver and gold coins dated from 1844 to 1902. Koy, who bought the place about tn.'ee years ago, awarded some of the money to the lucky digger, Joe W. Brandt, and other workmen. He said the rest probably would pay for the new garage. When first formed, tbe human embryo Is less than 1-lDOth of an inch across. FARMERS NOW IS THE TIME TO HAVE YOUR COTTON SEED DELI NT- ED AND CERESAN M TREATED Blytheville Delinting Co. South Highway 61 BY POPULAR REQUEST THE JANUARY 3rd PROGRAM OF Osceola This Week" WILL BE REPEATED Sunday, January 10 1:00to 1:30 P.M. ON RADIO STATION KOSE UNDER SPONSORSHIP OF Missco Implement & Hardware Co. HEAR A TAPE-RECORDED REVIEW OF THE NEWS IN OSCEOLA IN 1953 And moke it a habit to hear this interesting program every Sunday at this same time Radio Station KOSE OSCEOLA, ARKANSAS "* 860 on Your Dial 1,000 Wattt "Northeast Arkansas' Most Listened to Station"

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