The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on April 28, 1897 · Page 6
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 6

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, April 28, 1897
Page 6
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Tfiffi Wmtt »S3 MOIKltte ALCOSA IOWA. . APRIL 28,19W. TS SKBMOS. LASt SOS«DAY'S SUftJECt. «t&«a ««• lit* 5 : S. 32-i Kan«aS s&Ti**3 I&irr*3t time. It afefi toe IB a i»ai* mxit oa feia auwl fewai **BHft a «B»> Safe- a fenai3r ; tics? tfc»4 «i« pro&artiTfe. The rale tfe»& -lite- **ss*s like" boWs gcod trith 1 jvdRty as «itk *Bytl»in£ efefe. and ; s&sn&a k*3 to the production of better . *««*. *«S it is Important that the git*® some, consideration breeding stock, as his the tntare progeny is £.....,**• O»a i&at oS may female ifl the Sr«3u fe* betas lie sire of ail instead of asm ia to i a load in the r*st SeW «or reapers to ne- to gather it «p; tbat was to be icfl lor the ptr.»r might bappcr. 4o ««"* ajons lb ? 1 way. !f then? were handfnls of gram scattered across thc 0eid after tae rnaae harvest bad been reaped, instead of raking it. as farmers do no*. H^ *-s#. by the cijstom f;f the ian«l. M* ^n its place, £« tha«. tb«? poor coming s'one that way might glean 15. »n«J get their bread. Hut. you «ay. "What is the a*c ni all th».ir^ harvest fieS'Js 10 Unth and IVaomi? Naomi in too ol-.t and feebi" to go out and toil in the ?«n; an<1 can yo-,i expert Shat Ksith, the youn? a««l «he beautiful, should tan 2icr t-h««Jf3 ' and blister !i=?r hamlsr in the harvest field? Uoaz own« a large farm, ami he got* cut to s*e th<: reapers gather In the grain. Coming there, right behind the swarthy, sun-browned reapers, he beholds a beautiful woman gleaning—a woman morn fit to bend to a harp or Kit upon a. throne than to stoop among the sheave*. Ah, that was an eventful day! It wa« Jove at first sight. . Boaz forms an attachment for the womanly gleaner—an attachment full of undying interest to the church of God in all agefs; while Ruth, with an ephah. or nearly a bushel of barley, goes home to Naomi to te'l her of thc successes «nd adventures of the day. That Ruth, who left her native laud of Moab in «3arknes«, and (raveled through an mi- dying affection for her mother-in-law, is in the harvest field of Boaz. is affianced to ons ot the best families In .Indah, and becomes in after time the «ince3t rest* of .JefiUH Christ, the Lord of glory! Oat of so dark a night did there ever dawn so bright a morn- ins? I learn, ia tbe first place, from this subject, bow trouble develops character. It .was bereavement, poverty and " exile tbat developed," illustrated, and announced to all ages the sublimity of Ruth's character. That is a very unfortunate mail who has no trouble. It was Borrow that made John Bunyan the better "dreamer, and Doctor Young the better poet, and O'Connell the better orator, and Bishop Hall the better preacher, and llaveloc!: the .better sol- i!ier, and Kltto the better encyclopae- dist, and Hutu the better daughter-Vila w. I once asked an aged man in regard to bis pastor, who was a. very brilliant jnan, "Why is it that your pastor, HO •very brilliant, Kcems to have so little heart and tenderness in his sermons?" '•Weil," he replied, "the reason is, our pastor has never bad any trouble. When misfortune comes upon him bis style will be different." After a while the Lord took a child out of the pastor's bouse; anil though the preacher •was just as brilliant as lie was before, ob, the warmth, the tenderness of bis discourses! The fact Is, that trouble is a great educator. You see sometimes a musician eit down at an Instrument and his execution is cold and formal and unfeeling. The reason is that all his life he has been 1 prospered. But let misfortune or bereavement come to . that man, and he sits down to the instrument, and you discover tho patho.i in the first sweep of the keys. v Misfortunes and trials are great educators, A young doctor comes into a sick room where there is a dying child, Perliaps he is very rough in life.prescription, and very rough in his manner, and rough In the feeling of > the pulse, and rough in his answer to the mother's anxious question; but yearo roll on, and there has been one dead in his own house; and now he comes Into the sick room, and with tearful eye he looks at the dying child, < and he says, "Oh, how this reminds mo of my Charlie!" Trouble, the great educator. Sorrow—I see Us touch in Hie grandest painting; I hear its trem- qr In the sweetest song; i feel its • j power liv the mightiest argument. '„'. ; Grecian mythology said that the ' foundation, of Htppocrcne was struck * «U{ by, tho foot of the winged Ijor^e ••' JpegaiauW ' I have often noticed jn life 'UUaVtlie brightest and most beautiful .fou.ntaiup of- Christian comfort and tea- Panic's courage best fur- Paul's prowess best when t tat I* f&KS3m$i by the seaeti of a <yas Ja<2tc'ti_ A Is0£ caffl sssrstf tary pisei. Ia tbas worM. «a fall of cess aad hypocrisy, btnr tfariUine it i? to Bad some friend as faitMsH fa fiiy? of adversity as ia days of prospej"?* DarM had sac-h a friend ia HsiJ&ar. the Jesrs bad srocfa a friend in M-srac- «.-ai. irbo never forgot tbelr cause: Paal Jigd such a friead ia On«=sspl3O3-as. ^B-JJ-S v5sil«3 hla: in jail: Chrte: had s?jch ia the M3r>-s. who adhered to Him oa ilj-? Cro5s: Xaosai ha«j such a oae ia Ra'Js. who <-ri*'(l Giut. "Enlrsa* me noi tbee. or to reiura from fj25owln? tbr-e. Jyr vbftbcr Jbou goest, i «i35 go: and whither tboa lodgesl I will lo^ge: thy i>eople shail l>e my people, and thy Cod my God: where tbou dsest will 1 AK. aad there wlJl I be buried: tbe Lord do so to aie. aad more also. 51 aught but death part thee aiad inc." Again, i iearn rrota this subject thai patbs which open in hardship and darkness often conic oat ia places of joy. ^S ^ hen Ruth started from Moab toward Jerusalem, to go along with her moth- cr-in-law, I suppose the people said: "Oh, what a foolish creature to go away from her father's house, to go off -with a poor old woman toward the land of Judah! They won't live to get across the desert. They will be drowned in the sea, or the jackals of the wilderness will destroy them." It was a very dark jrorning when Ruth started off with Xaomi: but behold her in my be affianced to one of thc lords of the land, and become one of the grandmothers of Jesus Christ, the Lord of glory. And EO it often is that a path which often starts very darkly ends very brightly. When you started out for heaven, ob, how dark was the hour of conviction— how Sinai thundered, and devils tormented, and the darkness thickened! AH the fiins of your life pounced upon you, and it was the darkest hour you ever saw when you first found out your sins. After awhile you went into the harvest field of God's mercy: you began to glean in the fields of divine promise, and you had more sheaves than you could carry, as the voice of God addressed you, saying: "Blessed Is the roan whose transgressions are forgiven and whose sins are covered." A very dark starting in conviction, a very bright ending in the pardon and the hope and the triumph of the Gospel! He, very often in our worldly bysl- ;II;BS or in our spiritual career, we start off on a very dark path. We must go. The flesh may shrink back, but there is a voice within, or a voice from above, saying, "You must go;" and we have to drink the gall, and we have to carry the cross, and we have to traverse the desert and we are pounded and flailed of misrepresentation and abuse, and we have to urge our way through ten thousand obstacles that have been slain by our own right aria. We have to ford the river, we have to climb the mountain, we have to storm the castle; but; blessed be God, the day of rest and reward will come. On the tip-top of the captured battlements we will shout the victory; if not in this world, then in that world where there is no gall to drink, no burdens to carry, no battles to fight. How do I know it? Know it! I know it because God says so: "They shall hunger no more, neither thirst any morc, neither ahall the sun light on them, nor any heat, for the Lamb which is in the midst of the throne shall lead them to living fountains o£ water, and God shall wipe all tears from their eyes." It v/as very hard for Noah to endure the (scoffing of tho people in his day, while ho was trying the ark, and was every morning quizzed about his old boat that would never be of any practical use; but when tho deluge came, and the tops of tho mountains disappeared like the backs of sea monsters, and the elements, lashed up in fury, clapped their hands over a drpv'uert world, then Noah in the ark rejoiced in his own safety and In the safety of his family, and looked out on the wreck of a ruined earth. Christ, hounded of persecutors, denied a pillow, worse maltreated than the thieves on cither side of the cross, human hate smacking its lips In eat- Isfactlon after it had been draining his last drop of blood, tho sheeted dead bursting from the sepulchres at his crucifixion, Tell me, 0 Gethsemano and Golgotha, were there ever darker Urnes than those? Like the booming of the midnight sea against the. rock, the surges of Christ's anguish beat - the gates of eternity, tp ba echoed bacH by aj} the thrones of heaven, and all the dujngepps 91 hell. But tlie day of reward comes for m& dpi»i»SP» wprW MG, fa l»e b,un.g p# tite »si i saal* a i tt *» *« M ^' J ;; «* *«• draw, to «3hat I s! •» «€ < JTBSB ttf s for aMe to iib-rar »TTB cr-rc- 1; . a sataf. PottiEg :iBS 3s OH, fcad saotiw si,, act3 aatsStr. aa4 tt?a bruagfot tfceza ^toge'tSi-e*. £=H3 aJ, 321 sis o! barley, niefc s. ihat Vf migbi aJ2 be EHha Barriit 3*arne3 sany Trfa£!e toiling in a 5)3act5aiitii Aberrrtmbfe, She •sror2d-reao'«rsed philosopher, iras a philosopher 511 Scotland, and it got his philosophy, or tfac chief part of it. Trbile. as. a pbysiciaa. he -was waiting for the door of U»s sick room to open. Yet bos- taaay there are in this (flay -s-jjo say they are so busy they bave no time for menial or spiritual improvement: the great duties of life cross the Se3d 2ika straag reapers, and carry oS ali ibe hours, < and there is only here and there a fragment left, that is not Trorth gleaning. Ah, my friends, you could go into the busiest day and busiest weeS of your life and find goldca opportunities, which, gathered, might at last make a whole sheaf for the Lord'4 garner. It ia the stray opportunities aaii the stray privileges rvbicb. taken up and bound together and beaten out, wi;i ai last fill you with much joy. There are a few moments iefs. worth the gleaning. Now. Ruth to the field I j May each one have a measure full and i Wel1 Proportioned ruderj. running over! Ob. you gleaners, to the j If one will look through the herd and field! And if there be in your house- lompare the udders of the cows, he will tins- a%aior-5s»U*ed chickens that are I fc t?ro«wlefs trill do mach. better » smsll rna, o? enclosed space, io one ead of the brooders. ia & T * * <3 - : ' says GjdtGtesst. They need to get out SBES! fesv* • pn ffefe'STp&iHl in oj^cr to InTigoratc iz'frpcifl ?&r jjwj h2rs*e3 JieiB, aad to keep them from £rtmia$; EJ» loo mnch oa the hot boas* psias—•Bneat aad delicate. This rcn. ire Sena the brood pen. and it is aS»w3t as aec^sssry as the brooder, in orSer Jo aJJaia tie hishest degree of f oifepitex. «vc2i nSHmgtJ ! SBceess. We bare two kinds of brood- ff- tsrssi -witi a^ >««* ^ i ^^ oa e is kepi indoors and the other fcVsa fwn* T&eiT prewar a^s • oat 23 the yard. When the chicks first "tirsngfecra* 123= EW* iso-Tib.- ' cosac frosi lie iatabator. we put them in She fonaer. But, after the chicks sre i5ro H-ee5-:s old, we move them to an cat-doer l=ix>c^er, -Rith a brood pen attachment. Then, on bright days, we let thtta oat on the ground, -where they Trailo— in the sand and ashes, and scratch cirsr-ng clover hulls and wheat chaC for the small grain that is scattered assess it- The brood-pen system reduces the caic and anxiety about the chickens, especially when a storm ap- 'A ftfe* school ehaft can any height or stt at a m«ms ot a clamp aid Umiak the base. f oang^olidtor— Make toy deafr Sir; the successful inent of yoar case ehall be of fry iite.--Tit-Blls. A clergyman in the west o? land recently prayed "that the of trace Blight be watered dew of blessing from on ra jiwrtjssis cf »be Fai*^ Sia1«s, si asl froia Main* to lo-wa. They 'are a IczEr? ta33e5 Durtiaiiis. I>TS* EaliTes, PT «.?3 rwtirf of tii«r orisiu bas Ions lat* pass&3 fnc «b» feaotrk-dss of tba 2 ?a tizt own th?ia. Tfce best c-ow I one cs* sius Mfsd. I others 153;? her in ap- pearanoe. aad tiey are altrays well of so far as I fasv? b>5*n able to They hzTe ib? cliaraeteristics o2d DsrhaiEs: Short less -sreSl i proaches, to a minimum, because the brooder is left open at the end and the chickens can run inside at the first approach of danger, and if they become chilly they can go back into the hover i department, which is heated all the i time, by a lamp beneath. Even when oi Seshtd. short po-srerfnl horns, heary thick neck. Scsfcy -srell-oeTeloped ud- ^er. vbirb generally means power to fir? a large amount of fat. The hair is ^rhite. but under it is a very yellow skin. The cream of the cow I owned ,».,_, has been churned ia t?/o and one-half | the chickens are with a hen the brood- miaotcs. and that too bv stirring it ! pen system is desirable. Many a chick- is run to death while young and by an unreasonable and flighty mother that keeps on the go all the time. Uut'K tho brood should be cooped is that them at least are very persistent milk- ers, and one is not always able to dry them up at the times desired. The ] cow o* which I have spoken could not j be dried up. but continued to give We got her down to two quarts j at a milking, but from that time she i began to increase in yield of milk j till she was fresh. It is more than i probable that \l some breeder would i pick up a number of these cows and j carefully develop them he would have "l a very valuable strain of milkers. \ Benjamin Eels. a small pen about ten by twelve feet, and kept vnthw the enclosure until the chickens are all well feathered pi 1 and large enough to stand the wet grass | and to travel about with the hen, a much larger per cent of them .may be raiseL hold an sged onc or a sick relative that is not st rong enough to come forth and toil in this field, then let Ruth take home to feeblr; Xaomi this sheaf of gleaning: "He that goeth forth and weepeth, bearing precious seed, shall doubtless comet again with rejoicing. be surprised to find among the very best cows—let atone the poorer ones— a wide difference in the form of the adders, and that a perfect one will be 'lifficnlt to find, i. o., one of ideal shape. Udders, like the ears of men, says Practical Farmer, go in all shapes. bringing his sheaves with him." May ' and it is not the largest ones, or the the Lord Gocl of Ruth and Xaomi be ! most symmetrical that supply the most our portion forever! 1 ho lira.son-Fly. One of the most useful of insacts is, owing to thc ignorance o' the public, forever being killed. It is known as the dragon-fly, the needle-case and thc devil's darning-needle. Says a writer of authority: In its larva', state it subsists almost entirely on those small squirming threads which ran !>o seen darting about in any still water, and which hatch out into sweet-singing mosquito. As soon as the dragoon-fly leaves its watery nursing-ground, and climbing some friendly reed, throws away the old shell and flies away, it is helping man again. Its quarry now is the house-fly. Not long ago the writer saw one of these insects knocked down in a veranda, where it bad been doing yeoman's service, and the children and women seemed delighted, although they shrank back from tho poor,wounded dragon-fly. They all thought it had an awful sting at the end ot its long body; a cruel injustice. When the writer took tho insect up there was general wonderment, which . was increased when a captured fly was offered it and it ate greedily. The boys of tho household will never harm a dragon-fly again. <)uite u AH disciples of I/,auk Walton wll 1 appreciate the story which is going Un- rounds, concerning Mr. Andrew Lang, the English critic and essayist. An exchange publishes the anecdote which one of Mr, Lang's literary friends tells: It happened to me to spend a few days last summer in an English village. Having noticed a pleasant river which seemed to promise excellent fishing, I spoke of it to my landlady. "Oh yes sir," Phe said, "there Is very good fishing here— many people conic here for flahing." "What kind of people como here?" I asked. "Literary gentlemen come here very often, sir. We bad Mr, Lang staying here.", "Oh, really! does ho flub? Is he a good fisherman?" "Yes, sir, he fishes beautifully," "Really! does ho catch much?" "Oh no, sir, ho never catches anything, but be fishes beautifully," A t'l(t*r«pterltiUi; The incorruptibility of General W«lk* er, J^te president of the M^ssacliusetts Jfl«ytutp0f Twhnolcigy, vras above "a,!!, suspicion, & characteristic ojjecdpte Is , J, Spencer & JJio Pi Reviews: ' At OUH tlm,e,when Wglfcej'.hejd, it gftycrnjneu), pq T Separate the Flocks,— The first thins to do with, flocks that are kept on, farma rather than on ranches is to separate Aui'fMwi i to 'f A*' r-**" L. . * nj,,rtm.ent' wju} Under tjjejr control, by " they djBjj-ed,, ' «J have no d.e ' - ' Meet the Ueg| jayerg every year the b,w4Jng ft W8J9 from, a. , or the richest milk. Of course, the ud- -ler of a cowr—long, wide and deep—of largest abdominal attachment, each iivision well proportioned and fair- sized teats, is the one described in dairy literature, but, in foot, it is not uncommon to find large producing cows '.hat have the back quarters more largely developed, and while not symmetrical to the eye, the milk-producing power of the cow cannot be ignored. We think the tendency of common breeding is to enlarge the back quarters at the expense of the forward part, aad it should be the breeder's aim to so breed that harmony in size of the quarters shall prevail, In passing along a lino of royally-bred Jerseys, thc other day, there were not two udders in the line that could be said to be alike, and in some of them, the forward quarters were quite subdivided in appearance, and indicated that the amount of milk given from these quarters was much smaller in quantity than from the back ones. We do not know that any tests to determine the relative richness of the smaller quarters, as compared with the larger, have ever been made, but the question is rather one of how to breed cows with well-proportioned udders. JIo«- to Sttliict the Layers. One of our readers makes the suggestion that it would be valuable to possess such Information by which one could select the hens that will lay from those that may not be so productive, thus saving the expense of keeping a large number of drones in the flock, says Poultry Keeper, The suggestion is an excellent one; although we have before given information in that direction. But to attempt to select the prospective layers is as difficult as that of anticipating the amount of milk a heifer will produce before she comes in with her first calf. As with cattle, the matter is one of observation, and we doubt if there is any class of stock on the farm — either animals or birds — that will give indications of their prolificacy before they begip production, Hens differ individually and they differ as breeds, Knowledge of their individual characteristics can only he gained by constant association with them and careful observation of their traits. The laying hen is ope that is active ana busy, A gopd scatcliing heu— one that is never idle— is, as a rule, ft good layer, for the reason that her active habits keep hev in the proper condition for laying. Hence we may advise that, in selecting, Jet the busy, active hen be retained. A bright vefl corn!?, bright wattieg a»d ft happy disposition, are iji- dicaJIone, w »tje bright eyes aM a\so point to success, AU b,enj bright red, conjbs wb,ep. beginning to }ay, but It is before the h,en.s begin The Cliappetl Teats. Cracked or chapped teats often give trouble to the milker on account of the pain given to the cow by the opening of the cracks during the milking. This is avoided and thc sores healed by washing the teats in warm water and some pure soap, and after wiping them dry dressing them with pure vaseline. Thl softens the skin and avoids tearing open the sores, and thus affords reliei to both the cow and the milker. These eraclcs or chaps may be avoided by milking with dry hands, a practice that should not be left unnoticed, at least so far as the wetting of the teats with milk by dipping the fingers in the pail to take up some of the milk. If it is to be done at all, there is no necessity to do it in this way, but the hands may be moistened by milking a little of lhe milk on them as it is drawn. But the practice is not to be condoned anyhow. If the milker must have something done and cannot milk without it, let pure vaseline be used. It will soften the teats and the milker's bauds, and, if not used in excess, will do no harm in any way. It is excellent for preventing cracked teats in the winter, those resulting mostly from wet milking.—Ex- chanjie. lluttrriuilk to Many patrons of creameries and private dairymen bave often a larger supply of buttermilk than they have rightful number of hogs for its eon- sumption. Where buttermilk is fed in too large quantity it generally causes colic and then scours—more so in younger swine. The hair will become dead, and they grow pot bellied and flabby. While buttermilk, when fresh is a valuable food, properly fed, I woulil not take it as a gift if I had to feed that and nothing with it. If it has taken on acidity to a large degree, as often cai- not be avoided in hot weather, a tablespoonful of soda to a gallon.well stirred In, proves very beneficial. It is always best, when pigs are on grass, to dilute it with water, and use to each two quarts a quart of mill feed, corn and shorts. Young pigs, such as are weaned, will do better, eight or ten ol them on two gallons of the mixture, fee twice a day, than if they received larger portions of pure milk. With older hogs, one must be guided by theii ability to digest, but it is surely a mistake to feed the milk alone, more so when on grass.—Theo. Louis. Limburger. — Philadelphia Times: Tho only cheese that we import to any extent from Germany is Limburg, or Lumburger, and oven in that case by far the largest portion sold here is made in Wisconsin and New York. It doesn't make much difference about the keeping qualities of Limburg, for it is only relished by those who are really partial to it when it has reached that advanced stage of decomposition which makes it highly offensive to sensitive nostrils. The average German epicure does not consider Limburg fit to eat until it lias become thickly peopled with a smull white worm, which lie seems to reljsh even more than he does the cheese. the flock Jnto a number of small ones each composed, pf one Wn4, and. * ing a regsra to s?x, age condition. The be placed with, jue strong, pr pft* flock , general ehouW not wether <m e flop g , 904 the the tyfe; result] n A Cluinc« Still. Mr. Spoffles (after the proposal^! Can you. then, Mildred, give me couragement? Miss De Lawnay—Oh. yes; I troduce yon to our housemaid pleasure.—Fun. Au Appeal for Assistance. The mnn who is charitable tohimself vtill listen to the mute appeal for nssistanii| made by his etomnch. or bis liver, iu shape of diverse dyspeptic qualms and oj.1 ensy sensations in the regions of the glatjl that secretes tho bile. Hostctter's .Stomatkl Bitters, my dear sir. or madam—ns tin case may be—is what you require. Hnsteil to use if"you are trouble:! with heartburn! wind iu fbe stomach, or note that ronl skin or the whites of your eyes are takinj| a sallow hue. ^^ Disarmed. "Have you heard, couut. bow Mr. Joaal had his arm taken oKT' ''No. uiees: ees it possible?'' "Yes: he put his* arm around •waist the other night, and. of course At took it off at once." At the Ylldl/, Kiosk. "What?'' roared the t-ultoii angrily, salvation army baml '. And here all nli 1 thought it w'as only the concert of tti powers!" In truth, the same element of barmonj| was conspicuously absent from both. Oranges recently sold iu Circle City| Alaska, at £150 a>bbx. or oue dollar curb. About fotir-fifths of oil the inissioiianej who go abroad taUe bicycles with them. The first mention of the Siamese is by tht| Portugese travellers in 1511 A. D. 3JStenography employs l'JS,C03 America^ women. Confined our son to his bed for five months. Tin disease 'left him an object of pity mid a i. suffpre r . He wiis covered with "ulotehcs, and tin burning ami itching wore terrible to bear, A told iij to try Hood's SarsaiKirillu. He l*xtu| taking it ""d soon improved. After fating a fc»| bottles lie was entirely cured. That was thml years ago, and there lias been no return of tliedifl ease."—S. C. BOYLAK, East Leroy, Mich. Gctonljl Hood's Sarsaparillai It is sold by all druggists. Trice, $1; sixfor&'| HfirkH'a Dillc "re prompt, cDieicntmi| nOOa S f HIS easy in eltcci. £> ceuu| POMMEL Tho Best Saddle Coat. Keeps both rider and saddle perfectly dry In-the'hardesf storms. Substitutes will disappoint. Ask for 1897 Fish Brand Pommel Slicker- it is entirely new. If not for sale in -vour town, write for catalogue to A. J. TOWER, Boston, Mass. of Hires Rootbew, on a sweltering day is highly esseu- | tial to comfort <inu health. It cools the blood, reduces yout temperature, touqs -thei' IWl 90 1 nap Rootbeer I should be in every borne, in every office, in ey cry worlf l|Qr}n,]|>) **»M»»- VT--T*'-- V OfuJi thaw ice wnter.-i i njore delightful oWJ J satisfying tbap Wtfd I oiUcr K - s *—" 0 " rlKia «0 ., wsp^ te i v NM^ ^SV&rfJimiij^ iTmfK4iiiCttun8it<|*|r ***-*• C O N S U .m FT iOH ••' yi

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