The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on April 7, 1897 · Page 4
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 4

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, April 7, 1897
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Page 4
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IIS inSfitfct, 76 40 BtttttW sdasssa M 'ibbVs&tM. B«alt ff drift, nidnit ofdet, eiptees order, '' ' '"'' ' WPER PES MOINB8! ALQONA, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 7, 1897 W board of supervisors at Des MoineS have let the contract to furnish all the county printing to a St. Louis The local job houses made a fair price and refused to Cut. A big and righteous protest is going up from the taxpayers against sending Polk county • JnOhey away from home business men •who employ home labor at good wages. This alone is reason enough against the policy adopted. But a better reason Will be apparent before the year is up. Polk county will have a lot of printing on a par with the prices paid, and the county vaults will be filled with cheap and worthless records. An educational institution not a thousand miles from Iowa got a chance to save $300 a year ago on its annual catalogues by letting the work to an outside cheap bidder. The catalogues were a disgrace to the institution. This year the same institution pays the extra $300, satisfied with one experience. Cheap printing is the cheapest of all cheap and nasty things. . THE Register says that the state could have gotten some of its binding at cheaper rates than it has and that therefore THE UPPER DBS MOINES is mistaken in saying that no evidence has been introduced to show that the state binder has been overpaid. But this Is not the point the Register has been insisting on heretofore, as we understand it. The Register has insisted that there is a great scandal in the printing and binding departments and that the printer and binder have been defrauding the state. Now there can be up scandal and no fraud unless there have been illegal overcharges, and • THE UPPER DBS MOINES is fully usti- fied in its statement that absolutely no 'evidence has been introduced to show that Mr. Young has been overpaid. The only question connected with his work is whether his use of the same grade of sheep binding that has been used for 30 years and that was used for the documents of 1886, which the legislature made by statute a pattern for future binders to follow, is legal. If it is not then every binder Iowa has had and every secretary of state who has accepted his work should be brought up along with Mr. Young. There is neither right nor righteousness in attempting to take a merely technical advantage of the present state binder. The facts about the whole matter are that Iowa has paid less for state printing and binding than states that have the contract system and has had much better service, as the senate committee's investigation has shown. The senate has provided that Iowa shall pay still less in the future. This cut is no more a reflection upon the integrity of present officials than is the cut in railway commissioner salaries a reflection upon the present board of commissioners. It is in the interests of the state, in no way impeaches Mr. Young or Mr. Conaway, and with such changes as may be suggested in the house should be adopted, . NEWS AND COMMENT. Congressman Cousins has finally adopted the same plan of disposing of the postofflcos as Congressman Dolliver did, He will make his appointments at once and assume all responsibility himself, It is the best way. The Emmetsburg'Democrat suggests a joint debate between Dolliver and Bryan at Spirit Lake, We will guarantee that DplliYer will be on hand, if the Democrat can vouch for Bryan. , A big endorsement has been gotten up at Fort Dodge for Senator Healey and JRepresentative Johnson, both of whom haye taken a flra stand against the brew' ery bill. It is a rod or less long and starts put -with such pames as C. 0. Carpenter, J&'p; Q'Connell, R, M, Wright, etc, ;^9?h£<3a.rrQll Herald says that amove' ; ',di?»t to nominate M, D, O'OonneU for gov er»c>r this fcll wpuld be heartily supported, Tb|» leads the Fort Dodge Messenger to , • ftejf tb,&t Mr. O'Cpnapii j« not ta the Held, I'?; A, Bf K man woijld come pretty clpse to win**••--- ' rtbejew, p's mail hfts been a bushel a I probably , will he printed ttftS by a dfttfesy congf eiMnan froin Nofth Carolina. When he s&td that the democr&tfe {tarty Was tfl favor of "free trade, frfefl wniaky, free silver and every except free elections and free niggers," he brdiight down the house. Alt the investigating committee could find about the $800 sfeent as "Sundries" by the building and loan lobby Was that it Was not used to buy votes. Jackman and Qoltaby claimed it had been used up in small expenses. It probably went down in the lobby's pocket. That is where the most of such money goes. The Orange City Herald says it does not favof A. B. Cummias as John H. Gear's successor, lit says, "the next senator shduld come cdtfie from northwestern Iowa." Mow Would the Tenth district be for a location? ."'' '' ' ' *^-* The Esthervtlie Republican says Secretary of State McFarland is not Worth half as much as he was when he was elected. Tho Republican ought to know, and its statement Is entirely reasonable. Senator Ericksen of Boone don't get .the Swedish mission. That ought to Improve Phil. Hanna's chances. IN THIS NEIGHBORHOOD. The LuVernites have been up visiting the Burt creamery for pointers. Okoboji Lake got 85,000 lake and rainbow trout last week. At Buffalo Center the council have put a $600 license on billiard tables. Company K of Emmetsburg ranked 70 In the inspection. Company F got 77. One of Dr. Kenefick's brothers, M. C., has moved from Belmond to Dubuque to live., Mrs. A. L. Isenberger is at her mother's home, Mrs. A. L. Seeley's in Plum Creek, very sick. The Whittemore Champion says there are 300 horse buyers in Iowa. It advises the farmers not to sell. J. C. Heckart at Eagle Grove has traded off hia boot and shoe stock and will run an exclusive grocery store. Boardman Bros, and C. K. Mead of Boston have dissolved. Mr. Mead owns the creamery building at the Milwaukee depot. The Whittemore Catholics gave Father Tierny $600 to buy 'household furniture. He ought to have a pleasant stopping place. M. J. Walsh is organizing a Yeomen lodge at Burt. He will then work Clay county. He will be a good man for the company. Iowa Falls re-elected Prof. Hezzle- wood as principal of the city schools and raised his salary $100. That is a new record for this yaar. That big new*ome of G. W. Hanna's in LuVerne will be occupied by a little daughter, who made her arrival last week. The News says George is happy. T. A. Butterfield of Burt goes to Holandale, Wis., to operate a creamery, the Monitor, says. He has been one of Burt's most prominent postofflce possibilities. The Monitor tells about a German lady who floated off in a swollen ravine over near German Valley, sbe drifted into a wire fence and saved her life. But a $5 bill pinned in her shawl went off with that garment and has not come back. Wesley^ Reporter: Rev. McNamee of Algona occcupied the M. E. pulpit last Sunday morning and evening. Both sermons were ably delivered, and it is hoped that on any similar occasion in the future his services may be obtained. Arnold's Park at Okoboji is an incorporated town now and beer will be dispensed this summer legally. The lakes promise plenty of both beer and water this season. The only place beer and water are both'an attraction is at a lake resort. Lewis Holvorson, an early settler of Winnebago county, who stood six feet four, weighed 240 pounds, owned a section of land clear, and who was known as the wealthiest farmer in the county, hung himself last week because he lost $1,000 in a bad investment, Algona friends will be interested in the following item from the Spencer Reporter: Spring is here; at least a new blossom appeared at the residence of J. R. Blossom yesterday morning, It is of the masculine gender and it is fondly hoped it may continue to grow and expand its alotted number of years to the joy of all. Armstrong Journal: Court is in session at AlRona this week. There are 291 cases on the docket, That is about 200 more than was ever docketed for one terra in Emmet county. The people of Kossuth county believe in the old adage, live and let live, and give the lawyers enough to do so they can buy a new suit every year. BPBDTCflB IS JpUn ej-pve imna company is Bugbed at WQiTlB, Minn, The Morris, Minn., Tribune of last week has this item of local interest: Th e John Grove Land company's business increased to such an extent tbat tjjey have been forced to seek wore adequate quarters, and in, gonsequence ha^e leased and moved into the «»aU store room on the grpund floor- of the Spponer blojk, where they' will have more commodious quarters, Taking it altogether it ie quite a Qhajge &, bu, S |. n§fg ojrplef W}d Fisher, 'early, J« 1 TICKET AGENTS IN MEXICO Mfii He IfiWBft, What the ttAli^rft» Mett SAW Meftfd iff Mexico, and They Liked It, ftfld 066 can hardly expect that the aver* age reader will accept as truth all that he might tell of the existing conditions so close to the border of the greatest and most advanced nation on earth. Hence, I feaf some will say that I am exftggei-attHg or am describing isolated cases that are not common and thus giving an erroneous impression of the conditions existing in the republic of Mexico. Crossing the Eio Grande one is somewhat disappointed in the small stream that bears so euphonious a name and forms so much of the boundary between the two groat republics. The first tew hundred miles varies little from that part of the United States lying next it, except in the inhabitants and their mode of living. As we advance to the south, crossing the tropic of Cancer, the irrigating ditch bounds fertile fields and the waving grain is ripening by the side of the field being prepared for corn and cotton. The Mexican winter is their dry season, beginning in October and ending in May. During this period crops are raised by the use of water tbat has been stored in the hills during the rainy season, or taken from shallow wells by laborers with a bucket attached to a swing pole with which he draws the water from the well and pours it on the thirsty soil. Where this system is used, and it seems as general as that of the reservoir and ditch, one well supplies but a small portion of ground. It is not unusual to see 60 peons working as many buckets and poles patiently watering the soil oi of as many acres. Occasionally the method is varied if not improved by chain of earthen pots working over a wheel turned by two or more men. In one case I noticed a man treading a similar wheel. -!- -H -t- As far as we could learn the ordinary field laborer received about 1 centavos per day, an equivalent to six cents in our coin. This fact probably accounts for human labor being applied in the manner above described. Lane is held in large tracts by wealthy people who hire the peon in such a manner and employ such means that his con' dltion is little better than that oi practical slavery. Certainly his ap pearance could be little worse undei any system. -H -J- -f- Peddlers, fakirs and beggars surround every train. Candy, fruit, pulke, and birds are offered for sale by th< first; and cripples and children call the attention of the tourist by their peculiar and plaintive call for "un centavos." •*--»-•*Nearly all houses throughout the elevated plateau are built of adobe, Occasionally a more modern house in> dicates that some foreigner has cast his lot here. A wait of two hours at Picardiaz gave us an opportunity to see a typical town, the buildings of which even to a part of the depot, were o adobe. The same material composed the roof, and the kitchen fire burned on the floor or on a raised part of it, the smoke escaping by holes in the roof or by the door and windows. The principal article of food, the "tortilla," we saw in process of manufacture. The women crush or grinc the corn between two stones, and make it into a paste or batter, mould it into a pancake shaped piece with their hands, and fry or roast it. -t- -f- 4- As we proceed south through the des' ert looking table lands we are gradually ascending until near the City of Mexico we have crossed the mountain range and look down on the city with its white walls and glittering spires, looking very pretty in the distance. This is the dry season and though the plains look very much like a desert we are assured that in a few months the rain will fall and this country will blossom as the rose, We have seen a few horses, more cattle, and large herds of sheep and. goats. At the irrigating ditches and the few streams : that we see are women washing, using a stone near the pool of water instead of a tub and board. -f- -5- -J- Until we reached the City of Mexico we saw BO drays, all traffic aside from that of the railways being carried on the backs of burros, which are loaded with all kinds of produce, including wood, hay and straw, and driven to market in herds of 10 to 20 or more; or upon the backs of men who are licensed by the government as carriers, each bearing a brass tag giving his license number, The load carried by the men or peons, as the lower class ia called there, is carried on the back and supported by a strap over the forehead, The only qualification necessary in order to obtain a license, so far as I was able to learn, was that the man should be able to carry 300 pounds, This seems like an immense load for a man to carry, but it is not unusual, and J saw loads carried for a mile or more that it would seem Impossible for one roan to even lift. If the load is light he taKes tt on his head and sta^s off at a trot, which he keeps up as long as he carries the Jp»d, Water ie carried in goat skins or water jars, T»* H- -f- The plows are a rudely constructed affair BQ put together that the point of a stick 4>wves tg, s^ir the 9oiJ, and is by pxea wjtha ypte fastened ij»M»8i« e* the, bor, fighja being plp'wjd.'jn. f &ny a.8 §0 plpwi oj (fell &Md in n Q case flifl we tb,e American p| QWj Jt nff to -m bow w so neatly Mi ofl that tt aa th^tebed foof. Ofie Aifiet- lean threshing BMhlftiB tfts seffi 6fi 6 ttlp through this FetJubllc. •*• * * . in. f he best, most substantial, and elegant buildings afe the churches ftfta cathedrals, every ones surmduhted by tt Cross. ShflBes ai-6 located at Intervals alottg the highway, and it Is said that though the native has no fear of laWj vuUUttll vlJO EIC*U*TV ****« «vr. *v*«» v* -*--^T he is kept fairly law abiding through the influence of the church. The ordinary native has little regard for the property fights of others and anything he can lay his hands on is his if he does not get caught at it. It is because of the thieving propensities Of the native that guards are sent to each passenger train to protect it and its occupants from their depfedations. At Guadalaharaa detail of soldiers guarded our train night and day while we were there, allowing no one not connected with the party to enter the enclosure -*••*-•»• We arrived in the city on Sunday morning, and after a Mexican breakfast, commenced our sight seeing by attending the flower market, the cathedral, the almeda and the bull fight in their turn. The flower market was interesting and pretty. Flowers of all kinds and in all shapes. Fifty cents would buy a bouquet as large as a cheese box. The cathedral is grand and covers nearly a whole block. The outer walls indicate its great age, the east one being cracked from top to bottom by an earthquake some years ago. The inside is rich in furnishing, the altars, shrines and images al trimmed and clothed in a wealth o! gold and silver. I heard part of a sermon by a priest who was evidently a polished orator, but not being able to understand Spanish wo were unable to enjoy it as we otherwise would. The almeda is the public park, .where the band plays evenings and Sunday after noons and where are all classes out to enjoy the music. Along a promenade shaded by canvass pass all the nation allties and all classes at different times of the day, and along the sides are rows of chairs, which the spectator may occupy at a nominal price. The na tional art gallery and the museum were very interesting and would hav been much more so had we been able to read the labels and descriptions o the paintings and other articles. It the museum were the carriage ownei by Maximillian and the silverware usec in the castle during his time. The; were all very showy and indicated grea' wealth, but I could not thoroughly ap predate the utility of a silver tra; five feet long and of as many hundret pounds in weight. -f- + The climate is very pleasant, being very warm at midday in the sun, bu in the shade very comfortable. A evening approaches an overcoat o wrap is- almost a necessity. The national drink is "pulke," pro nounced pul-ka. It is made from the magua or century plant by cutting ou the flower stem. In the cup like re ceptacle thus formed will gather quantity of sap, which the native syphons out into a hog skin sack thence into a cask for market. The raising and gathering of this seems tc be an important industry, as hundred of acres of the plant are growing nea the city and some of the railways run special trains to the city each morning to take the pulke to market as it i very perishable and must be used in the first few hours after gathering, a it ferments very quickly and is soon useless -t- •*••*The city is surrounded on all side by high mountains, and one of th most attractive rides is over the Mexico, Cuernavaca & PaoiQo railway which winds around the mountains tc the southwest and from which one ob tains views of the city and the sur rounding country from ah elevation o 10,000 feet. This line is being built tc the Pacific coast. It is now completec to Coajomulco, from which, elevatec point is obtained a very pretty view o the Cuernavaca valley with its hacien das, villages and cities, one of which has a population of 75,000 and is stil waiting for a railroad to give it com munication with the outside world It was this valley that Cortes seleetei in his settlement with the Spanisl government, and the castle built b; him is still one of the attractions of th city. F, H. YESPER. JUST 30 YEAB8 AGO, April 4,1867, THE UPPER DBS MOINES said: "Spring is a little late in com ing, but still it is coming. The snow is going just as we wished to see it go slowly and without rain." T«- -t- -t- Flour was $7 a hundred and the paper says: "Some of our citizens think flour will be scarce and will run up to a high figure all through north western Iowa as a consequence of the almost total failure of the corn crop and the partial failure of the whea crop last year." The Mr, Winkel referred to was J. A Winkel of Bancroft, who was then ad vertising 1 "highest cash prices for hides and furs of all kinds," -t- * * The meeting to organize an „„,. cultural society met and it was founc that the old original society was still in existence, so a meeting was called Jn Jwne to revive and resuscitate that. »*••*••*• A. Bush of Cresoo brought the editor some rutabagas that he says "were oi large size and excellent quality." A famine scare had already been Started, but Editor Warren says, "Th« truth «there is so real cause to fear a famine." He add?: " Mr. Durant has far supplied the demand and is if preparations to supply on a -™,-, larger scale,, Mr, Winkel and Mr, Henderson we ajso planning tp go 9 pusinew Qf supplying flour and Irieoas acre is pretty W *« company . We have just received another CAR LOAD THAT FAMOUS __^^_^^ B _ >>a> _*_ n _ a>MM ^^ > BvA«>>*liM^^>W»>»MM^^MM FLOUR You know what it is, None better ever sold in Algona. No. 8 Cowles Block, James Patterson. You will want Grass Seeds Before you do coal. We have Blue Grass, White Clover, Medium Red Clover, Alfalfa, and Alsyke Clover, and We want to sell them. See our seeds before you buy. Lenette W. Butler, Administrator J. J. Wilson Estate. THE BEST PLACE TO BUY FENCING -IS AT- J. A. Hamilton & Co.'s. o T3 ttt s O' (J C .0 <u o a rt also k Hr Wire a . nd ? icl ? e ftn « ?* e res "y «d u «d prices i also large, dry fence posts at only 5c each. You will alwavs find ' °* ° f H»riWdl»mb.r, " roofi ° g ' and J.A, HAMILTON & CO., Algona. Your Horses. Clipped? I.F NOT, WHY NOT? V,' * ', T 5 i i •??""? "f^ \\- v , „", CniwSHAs '-^^.^•iSsHHlWif O.K. AND MJNOI °EBOBito KQSJUUI County Sf$feM| SrBt-eUjwgpftH 01 lu»pj&ir^||| '' '"'^uf .Sk'J •aH«rai4* <i«"?i — -£ i - .'".^-^-W

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