The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on February 17, 1897 · Page 2
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 2

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t'f J?3$f3ff??'>' r *'- ^ffS^Tf^ftCv^C. ^ir^f fHE ttWEK PS8 MOIN&S! ALQONA. IOWA. WEDNESDAY. gEBBUAKY IT,. II MS IN IOWA SfeNSAf 16N At ftft*. i*nft ffidictwi tot itCf ttt 1'heli- Feb. 14.—Mr. and Mrs. , parents of the young lady who & yt&F agfo last summer of strych* ftifle poisonitijf uadcr suspiciotis eir- JBiimslances, have bfceii indicted for iHttnlcr in the first degree. Judge Ubtlman flsed the bail at SLSOO for Wrs. Long and $3,500 for Mr. JjOhg. They asked for an immediate t^ial, but will have to wait till the next term of cotirt. They will make an effort to get bonds ntid will probably be able to do so. The ease is ah important one and it has been a matter of conjecture whether the parents would fever be. tried for the alleged crime. Miss Long died very suddenly and the parents are said to have hushed up the tuattefi Neighbors demanded on investigation. The body was exhumed ftnd an inquctl held. The stomach was sent lo a Des Moines chemist \vho found strychnine in it. which he declared had been administered in a single strawberry- I'' 11 ' ' coroner's jury's investigation lasted a week, when they returned H verdict of poison by strychnine, but' whether administered by unknown parties »or taken with suicidal intent they were unable to determine. It is thought it will be difficult to .secure a conviction. FE*ARED A GRAND JURY. Charley Winx Coin in UK SnU-lde While a Charge Was rending. OfTHlUK CKNTKH, Feb. J.I.—A sad suicide occurred at Foster, eight miles northeast of Uuthrie Center. Charley Wins, 20 years old, and single, while his parents, Mr. and Mrs. W. G. Wins, and family were eating breakfast, went into a bedroom, placed the muzzle of a shotgun under his chin, nnd with his foot discharged the gun, blowing his head to pieces. lie fell back oil the bed dead. Recently a young man named Comstock was being tried in a justice court for the crime of stealing a wolf scalp and collecting a bounty from the county for it. On the trial Comstock swore he shot and killed the wolf and Wins swore he came up when Comstock was skinning the wolf. The grand jury, now in bession, was investigating a charge of perjury against both Comstock arid jWins. and Wins was cited to appear before the grand jury. sioux CITY SAVING'S BANK. £<m» of frftftintnt FawniM Ateoied A I Crthtlflai AftMtttt. OftTStwA, Feb. I,*).—Albert fcpper- son. aged IS years, and Abe LnffeHy, same age, hare been arrested at Eddy- tillc for an assault on the 16-year-old daughter of A. H. Brubaker, a farmer, Who owns a thousand acres of lattd ifi Mahaskn county. It is charged that the crime twas cc*nmitted at a party at Hrubakef's. The young men at the party pursued the two accused boys, but they escaped in a sleigh. Epperson is a son of F M. Epperson, partner of Kdwin Manning, the wealth* iest man in lowa, aiid Lafferty's father is A. M> Latterly, another very prbininet citizen of frlddy viile. MURDER IN FIRST DEGREE. Verdict Kelurned III the Hckerlebe Trial at Clinton. CUJJTON. Feb. Jl.— The trial of Chris. Eckcrlebe for the murder of MinaKeil lost July ended, and the case was given to the jury. The jury was ou one hour and forty minutes, returning averdict of ntuMter ih,the first degree and recommending punishment b> death. The attorneys for the defense immediately filed a motion for •• new trial. ALL OVER T1MLD •Jfetce'i in«I*t*ne6 on fcnlon May Mean Bank Failure at l>cedn. OITV. J<Yb. 13.—VV. L. Fros has been appointed receiver of the Commercial Savings Hank at Leeds The application \vns made by the Corn Exchange National Hank, and the receiver took possession at once. The plaintiff claims to liold 120 shares oJ the capital stock of the bank, and also to be a joint owner of the Hinton Milling Company, valued at 810,000. It claims further to have about 8750 oi trust funds on deposit in the bank. It is stated that the bank has done little or no business since December 34, and that in order to preserve the assets it is best to have a receiver appointed. The liabilities of the bank are given at 511,500 and the assets at $37,050. Will Furnish Beet Sends. AJIKR, Feb. 14.— Prof. James Wilson makes the announcement that the Iowa experiment station, of Ames, will distribute beet seeds to the farmers of lowa on condition that they }?row it aecordinp to directions and report for analysis. IOWA CONDENSED. Failure to ItoinI the Caslilur Millies Directors JJnl>lr. Sioux dry, Feb. 12.— Judge Gnynor in the district court authorised Receiver Goss of the Sioux City Savings JJank to proceed against the directors of the bank for damages for failing to require the cashier to be under bonds. After the failure it was discovered that Cashier Stone had not been under bonds for several months, and it is claimed that this failure of the dii-ectors to require him to be under bonds renders them liable for the amount of the loss to .the bank by reason of his forgery of the cattle paper. __ CONDITIONALLY PARDONED. F, J. TfeKers Given » Pardon Condition e<I on (iood Behavior. 1)K8 MOINBS, Feb. 1-1.— Oovernoi Drake has conditionally pardoned F .1, 1'effers, who was sent from Mar shalltown in 188',) to serve a 15 yeai benteijee for the murder of Jacl Outlier. The petition for his pardon was signed by Jxnlge Weaver, who presided at the trial, and Attorney Miller, who prosecuted. The pardon is'conditional on good behavior. TroHHurers Jjlevt Oltlcers. DKB .MOINKS, Feb. 14.— The annua convention of county treasurers of the ptate elected ollicers as follows: President, W, K. Warren, V/apello /couiity; vice-president, A, R. Cherry, Juhnapn county; secretary, H, C. Murphy, Polk county; treasurer, Roll Aye, Orundy county. The convention appointed a. legislative committee con- bistingof Paul Jobbers, of Clinton comity; M.W.Moir, of JIardin county, and W, R. Warren, of Wapello county. OskaloosH Failure. OSKAI-OOSA, Feb. 13. — The Mclntyre '^Jrp&., and Wilson' Dry Goods company has assigned, Liabilities are $;!0,000; fwwsets, 540,000, The failure was <:a.\u>ed by the assignment of the 3n*pJn tyre- Peek Dry Goods company, pf flock. IshwUW. fA'¥, JV.KASAST, Feb. 12.— 'Die grand ry 1'ptnvned five iudictvnentb lor jUMl larceny against Arthur Cpurt- y, the .Marion township farmer, JSarhart, his hired haud, are jn the theft of a larfre amount Qf property in the peigh- Vor-boQd," pj^'i y£jjjT«,nyjj,tJ<lSt *" Tj-iWp f »Je0R5 have '"** tipp,, Judge' sfi on Hie m m?»k! Feb, closed on in iUed th,o that the r ."«<i, P& tt$ A man answering the description of Frank Novak, the Walford murderer, purchased a ticket at Iowa City for Council Bluffs the next day after the lire. Gov. Drake has offered a reward of §500 lor the arrest and delivery to the pi-oper authorities of Frank Novak, who is believed to have murdered Kd- ward Murray at Walford. At Sioux City recently the jury in the ease of William Young, the negro who recently killed George Elliott in a quarrel at Coon's poker room, returned a verdict of murder in the first degree, and recommended life imprisonment, Sentence will be passed February ]G. Young will appeal. The city of Cedar Rapids has recently settled its claim of $11,000 against ex-City Treasurer Stoddard for $0,000. with the understanding that no suits are to be brought against Stoddard, who claims that there was no real shortage in his accounts, but that the apparent shortage was a result of errors in book keeping. An important find was accidentally made in Story county recently at the new coal shaft two miles south of McCallsburg. What was thought to be from two to three feet of slate above a two- foot vein of coal has proved to be cannel coal, something not found in any quantity in the state and but little this side of Pennsylvania. In the breach of promise suit of Stephanie vs. Lefebure, on trial at Cedar Rapids, the jury returned a verdict for plaintiff, giving her $5,000 damages, as claimed. Sliss'Stophanic was a domestic in the employ of the Lefebures, Young Lefebure fell in love with her and they were engaged. Lefebure's father objected and finally the young man broke off the engagement and married another young lady, The Lefebures are wealthy farmers living near Fairfax. Des Moines dispatch: The mulct law jn cities orgnnizpd under special charters, has been decided by the supreme court to be a dead letter, Justice Granger dissenting and giving it as i his opinion Vhat the law was framed to include every city in the state and that those with special charters were no more exempt from it than those organized under a' genera charter, The cities that this decision will affect and which have special charters are Dubuque, Keokuk, Win terset, Cedar Rapids, Glenwood, Day enport, Farmipgtoo, and Cqmancbe, th« latter in Clinton, county. The city of Ced^p 'Rapids will be wore af- fecfred. by the decision than any of the special chartered pities, for the reason that Payeupprt, flpbuque and Keokuk etjil observe that part .of the }aw which recjujres ,th,e p^ymen^ of the tax- Qf D,ps tyQ.in.jjs 1 have si' to sppear fcefpre the grajji jury testify flaws'* the paMse,pf 'its toward »y #$ fWi ^ i*T *H •teakn, mrm Feb. 10.—The Official Oaxelte publishes a royal decree commissioning 1 a\l available trarsbips ifl Oreeue and ordering the immediate dispatch of additional ships to Crete. ATIIE.S-S, Feb. 12.—The torpedo flotilla, commanded by Prince George of Greece, has gone to Cretp. Great enthusiasm is being manifested on the part of the people. 1'rince George admits that his orders were to prevent by every means possible the landing of'afly Tuflcish troops'on the island of Crete. LONDON, Feb. 13.— The Pall JInll Gazette says there is reason to believe that the government of Great. Britain regards the dispatch of the Greek flotilla to Crete as a very serious matter and as likely to Involve the gravest consequences. It adds: "No intimation of the intentions of Greece was conveyed .to any of. the powers, and the prepia'ratlbnfe to cafl-y them into effect were carefully kept secret. It may be confidently expected that the Marquis of Salisbury will adopt a very firm attitude, and that immediate and vigorous steps will be taken to neu trali/.e the effect of Greece's action." A dispatch to the Tirnrs from Athens says that the central Cretan committee is preparing to support the Cretans with arms, ammunition and supplies on a great scale. ATIIKNS, Fub. K!.—The government has formulated a notification to the powers setting forth .that Greece cannot remain a. mere spectator of the events which are biking place in Crete and that the ties of race and religion compel her to intervene in behalf of the oppressed und outraged Christians in that-island. ATIIKNS, Feb. 13.—The warlike excitement here increased with the departure of troops for the frontier and the equipping of additional war vessels for service in Cretan waters. Nobody seems to doubt that a clash of arms will occur between Greece and Turkey unless the powers intervene; but it is believed here that Greece will be given a free hand in Crete, and that if she succeeds in annexing that island, her right to do so will not be questioned by the rest of Europe. ATIIKNS, Feb. 1,1.—Pressure has been lirought to boar by the powers upon the sultan and King George to prevent an outbreak of hostility. As Crete has already declared independence of Turkey it is difficult to sec how the sultan can again secure control of the island without the aid of the powers,inasmuch is the insurgents control the whole of bhe island except the large cities and .he Greek squadron refuses to allow Turkey to Und more troops. Turkey s hurrying more troops lo the frontier ind says she will attack Greece in Thessaly if the powers do not inter- erc. BRITISH VICTORY. expedition Against, the Kmlr of Nupe Is Successful. LONDON', Feb. 12.— Sir George Goldie, commanding the Royal Xiger Com>any's expedition against the emir of Nupc, cables fro si the palace of the emir ut Bida under date of January 20, saying the palace is captured. The capture of the Bida probably comp letcs the destruction of the Fulah power, and will most .likely add to the British- African territory. The dispute between the emir and the Niger company is of long standing, jrro wing out of the emir's practice of executing slaves by wholesale after raiding the territory under protection of the company, to obtain victims. He was frequently warned to stop the practice, but failing to do so tho punitive expedition was sont against him, with the result above given, The emir was a, most powerful vassal of the great Moham- •uedan empire of Sokoto, OOME2 SCORNS WEYLEf*. tender i*ftt* &6 frfttth In tfce ._.. Of lite tJenertl. Feb. n.—General Weyler's attempt to arrange for a secret interview with Gomez iti Santa Clara over the question of Cuban reforms has proved a complete fizzle. It is learned that Marcus Garcia resigned the commission delegated to him at the meeting iti the palace last week because lie learned that General Gomez had threatened to hang him as a traitor if he caught him. Garcia went lo Satteti Spiritus but no farther. It is supposed he communicated with General Gomez by letter or special messenger, and considered discretion the better part of valor. General Gomez, sent ivord, it is said, that he would tiot confer with General Weyler npon any subject whatever, and refused to meet him under any circuit!' stances. JACKBOSVIU,K, Fla., Feb. 11;—An expedition landed in the southern part of Final' del Rio province last week and brought on a fight between the Spanish coast guard and a Cuban escort under Capt. Petoris. The Spaniards lost eighteen men, the Cubans seven. Fifteen men of the Spanish patrol were killed in Havana outskirts .on the southwest side. While they were passing a large stone building it was blown up and twenty men were buried under its ruins. His suspected to be the beginning of the "reign of terror" promised by Lieut. Col. Hernandez when he made his last raid in Havana. Alilerinun O'MiiIley Acquitted. Cmc'Ano, Feb. 1",.— Alderman Thomas J. O'JIalley. of the Twenty-third ward, and John Santry, who have been on trial for the murder of Gus Collander, an election judge, in 1804, were acquitted. The trial lasted a month and was bitterly contested. The jury was out several hours, and although a unit as to the innocence cf O'Malley on the first ballot, some of the jurors were in favor of convicting Santry. The3 r finally agreed to his acquittal, however. Gus Collander was a judge of election, who in a local election in 1894 was shot by one of a gang of toughs which raided the polling place over which he presided. AVllUnin K. MHHUII I-'ulnts. CJIIOAGO, Feb. 15.—Senator-elect Wra. E. Mason was attacked by a fainting spell at his home. At first it was believed to be apoplexy, but lie soon recovered. Later, upon advice of doctors, he left for New Orleans to get rest. Will Fight nt Carnou City, CAIIHON, Nov., Fob. l.'i.— Dan Stuart has arrjved and has announced that the big fight between Corbett and Fitzsimmons will occur in Carson March 17. He gives as a reason for the selection of Carson in. preference to Reno that the Carson people had worked hard for the passage of the bill, while the Reno citizens were opposed to it. _ WorU for Three '4'tioiisniul, CHICAGO, Feb. 12.— All the mills of the Jlliinios Steel company at South Chicago, have started at full blast for the first time in many months. Nearly three thousand men returncil ' to work. Wages all ajpng the line were cnt from, 10 to 15 per cent, WASHINGTON, D. C., Feb. 13. —The president has renowmated Carroll p. Wright of Massachusetts commissioner of labor. M»rtin Hull. NKW YORK, Feb. 12.—The Bradley Martin fancy dress ball which cost in the neighborhood of 5f,'iOO,000 and which marked an epoch in the social history of New York, took place at the Waldorf hotel and was a marked success. Initiative and .Referendum. TOI-KKA. Kan., Feb. 14.— The senate, by a strict party vote of silver men and republicans, again passed the in- tiative and referendum resolution, submitting the question to a vote of the people. Both Must Ilanj;. FHAJJKFOHT, Ky., Pub. 33.—The court of appeals overruled the petition for a rehearing >n the ease of Scott Jackson and Alon'/o \Valling. sentenced to be hanged for Ihejraurder of Pearl Bryan. BREVITIES. N«W«YOBK, Feb. side bet of ?7,50Q | S now in the hands of '4?he average or *'v?>' »,r*y novels issuet Ween, # pw t j u replay, didn't count i • daughter !ou.njj~ % to ««• iffcw " Wfc l *» ; 4i Gen. Joseph Shelby died at his home near Kansas City on the 13th. The steamer Three Friends has been seized at Jacksonville, Fla., and libelled, The libel charges piracy in that a Ilotohkiss gun was mounted upon the bow of the steamer and was fired at a Spanish g-un boat 'at the mouth of the San Juan river while endeavoring to land an expedition. Bonds were immediatly furnished and the boat was released upon the special provision that f. r'eputy marshal should be placed on board, and have authority to take charge of the boat in case an attempt should be made at any time to violate the law. London dispatch: In the house of commons a few days ago Sir Michael Jlicks-Beach, chancellor of the exchequer, speaking relative to .the appropriation of £798,803 for the expenses of the English expedition up the Nile to Dongola, said that England would make further advances. Jn voluntarily retiring from Kgypt, France had thrown the whole responsibility for the safety of Kgyut vipon Great Britain, Great Britain might fairly demand a free hand in the performance of )ier responsibilities bjie believed she was right arid would not be run out by any difficulties such as a refusal of money by the Egyptian mixed court of • appeals. The words of the chancellor have created a sen sationin Paris, the French newspapers declaring that the speech is a direct c allengo to France, who must replv by action. A Russian newspaper asserts that "the &puech has furnished the opportunity Russia, and France have so long foreseen, when togethqj they can ut,k for u definite period when England will leave E adds tlje writer, "you may res' pressure will be more moral." Washington dispatch: The senate committee on naw affairs decided tc recom rnen4 Uwf tJje secretary of the navy be n ot authorised to pay more than §WO » ton for armor, and that &c appropriation of 8Upo,oou be be uselj m the STATISTICS Of? LAfeOS. ttl* iVrtftht to Washington, Feb. 13.— The eleventh annual report of the department of labor, just transmitted to congress by Commissioner Wright, relates entirely to the ivork and wages of men, women and children, it shows that the proportion of women In the working class is •increasing, while that of children is decreasing. The department is how investigating the effects of machinery tipoh labor and the cost of production, a compilation of wage statistics in the leading countries of the world, an investigation of the liquor problem in its economic aspects, an inquiry in collaboration with the state labor bureaus conc'ernitig the municipal ownership of gas, water and electric plants, an investigation concerning the economic conditions of Italians in Chicago and a preliminary investigation of the economic progress of the negroes in this country. Ohio liepiilillcati Tongue Me«t«< Zanesville, O., Feb. 15.-—The opening session of the twelfth annual convention of the Ohio Republican league Friday was devoted chiefly to routine business. The report of Secretary Samuel J. Swarts showed 1,000 campaign clubs organized in the state last fall, with 168 in cannectlon with the parent league. The usual resolutions were adopted, asking for the legislative enactment of the national platform of the party and congratulating McKinley on his election. Officers were chosen, without exception by acclamation, as follows: President, John J. Sullivan, Warren; secretary, Charles Caee, Columbus; treasurer, John L. Means, Steubenville. I>e«lilc to Keiluce Johnstown, Pa., Feb. J5.—The following notice has been posted by Uhe Cambria Iron company: "Owing to the generally depressed prices ruling in the steel trade, and especially the severe drop in the prices o£-rails which the Cambria Iron company neither caused nor followed until compelled to do so, a reduction in all salaries and wages to each office and department connected with the company, averaging 10 per cent, will go into effect March 1, 1897." I'oKtollU-a Ullt IK Washington, Feb. 15.—The statue of Abraham Lincoln, in the old hall of representatives, was draped Friday in the American flag and wreathed with flowers in honor of the 88th anniversary of his birth, but the house did not suspend business. On the contrary, it celebrated the anniversary by discussing the necessities of the postal service and passing the postofflce appropriation bill. Wyoming Republicans Are Worried. Cheyenne, Wyo., Feb. 15.—A Democratic member of the house sent, in Friday a free silver coinage resolution framed In the language of the financial plank of the last Republican state platform and calling upon the state's representatives in congress to work jfor silver legislation. It is believed the Republican majority in the legislature will formally renounce free silver by defeating the resolution. Will DeinHnd Eight-Hour Uay. New York, Feb. 15.—The American Federation of-Labor and the unions attached to it throughout the country are making arrangements to begin the agitation for a general eight-hour work day by a series of mass meetings on Washington's birthday. A circular urging all the labor organizations to join in the movement'has been issued by Samuel Gompers, president of the federation. Miners .Accent Another Itetluiitlon. Terre ante, Ind., Feb. 15.—The men at the Peerless mines of the Coal Bluff Company have accepted another reduction of 5 cents from the 55-cent price, against which they >vere on a strike for nine months. The operators say that at 50 cents there can be steady work. It is thought this is a forerunner of a general/movement in the state for a 50-cent rate. Th.e west bound 8 aa uv Fe train H"^ sJt'5V*,.v:j,f \i Cuimdiiiri Envoys Go Home. AVashington, Feb. 15.—The Canadian commissioners, Messrs, Cartwright and Davies, who have been in Washington for a week endeavoring to ascertain the prospects of securing action by congress next session favorable to the enlargement of trade between Canada and the United States, have left for their homes. Wheat lit l$acl Slnviie. Terre Haute, Ind., Feb. 15.—Th.e farmers in tlis part of the Wabash Valley are downcast over the prospect for the wheat crop, The indications are that much of the ground .will be plowed in the spring and corn planted, Clover is also in a bad way. Jt is estimated there will not be half a wheat crop. B|e«l|m»'s Body Kent u Qlae . New York, Feb. 15— 1%) remains of Capt, Philo N. McGiffin, who committed suicide at the Post Graduate hospital in this city, have been sent to his home m Washington, Pa, The body was clothed in ttoe uniform of an ofllcer of *-he Chinese navy. ON IOWA HAIL BAl RAffeS of the State Railroad Oat ttt Inquiries iijr A s i-lcuHi,Hflti Ing AfrferHge Itfecelnts and t)es Moiftes, Iowa.—CorrosponaenM'f Tlmes-Herald.-W. W. Kleld of r'-- ident or the State Agricultural »„,.,.,» -. ioxis to enlighten its members OB the »«'« the railroad auestlon, Sought for • - ™ front the *ute board ot •: *iwul trs on the following points! Whit i» «XL age rate of faJ-e In lowa? What doss If Ml railroads to carry ft passenger a ttllsl il are we (the agriculturists) to ascertain rate would be fair on both sides? -'' the opinion of the commissioners on llc-ii? lit-reply ah open letter has 1 ten By W. W. AIrlsw<jHh,» feceM» commission, saying in part: "The "an suggested by you have recently bw;. sldered by the bbard of railroad aiili house commissioners of Illinois Ih an Inquiry made by the state graL state. Its conclusion was that It „ unwise, unwarranted and unjust to i,,.,. road interests of the State to comply *inj request.' The regular report says: - " the great trunk lines In Illinois tnlgh to stand such a reduction, yet the MJ roads and those which do almost whit local business, and which are now and* been for the last two years stfUggllij existence, would be most seriously at by It. .Such action on ..our.part would i Inc.reaseithciheavyjburdlWs Uiiilor ' are struggllEg now. Decrease In FagRenger Buglneit j "It is a well-known fact to those who I taken the trouble to investigate the atnoi passenger business done by the rnliron,, Illinois during the last two years that l,~ has been a large decrease In the numhirl passengers cnri-ied. Thlo Is due, In oUrii Went, not to the amount charged for i_ service, but to the general depression Inl lines of business, the low prices of products and the unsettled financial in,, lions which have had their effect on the i senger as well as the freight business, question was before us when we revised!! freight schedule in 1895 and the whole, lion was thoroughly considered. We did think then, and neither do we feel now, t In Justice to both the public and the rnlli this reduction should be made at tills < It the country was prosperous our co m . slonB-mlght be different. The statistics In J office show that for the last three years, li 1895 and IgflU, the average amount charged! the railroads per -passenger per mile is alJ tinn above 2 cents, although the maxim allowed them was 3 cents. For the rei above staled we do not feel that this rcj3 tlon should be made by its at this tlif Wo arn also asked to recommend this i duc.tlon to the legislature. In view ot i conclusion wo do not feel that It would j consistent for us to do so. Receipts and Cost Per MUe. "From the statistics given In the roporlj this commission for ISPa It appears the a« age amount received by the railroads d business in Iowa for carrying one pussei one mile during the year was li.27 cents, returns from which these results arc tallied tie not include any passengers can free, 'flic larpc number of pat-sengers have.traveled upon reductions of rates as mined by our statutes—ministers of theg. pel, organizations of our military, excurslm on holidays, special rates to meetings of 11 organizations, state and county fairs—are tors that reduce the average fare to amount above stated. It is obvious, (liei fore, that the average must always below than the rate fixed by law. The character c the. business renders it Impossible to mi any rate that will be absolutely uniform, < lowa report, for 1S95 shows only ten roi which returned the average cost of earrjlijl one passenger one mile. The average co these companies was 2.14 cents. This ri is less reliable than U it were founded . returns made by all the roads, which won) probably increase it. In arriving at the < of carrying one passenger one mile, as at>< given, nothing Is charged on account of expenses of the railroads for Interest, n taxes and miscellaneous fixed charges, am of course, nothing for dividends on stock.! The passenger trafllc should, of course, beitl its proportion of these expenses, which coii-l stitule part of the cost of doing the business.! From statistics compiled by the Intcrstatol commerce commission it appears that toB charge the passenger business of the rail-I roads with Its proportionate share of the fixed)! charges, not including anything, however, .r account ot dividends and crediting It wl mall and express Darnings, would give us the actual cost 2.57 cents. Figures on Reduced Traffic.' "Tho statement of the Illinois commiss.l< that there has been a general reduction pa»*!PHKcr business Is undoubtedly 'coiiflrtueq by the statistics. For the whole United Stated the number of passengers carried one' mlla lor rach mile of rallrnad in I'SBO was 7,"ii7olf In IM'Ci it was 68.572. Though the number ol passengers carried was less, tho passengoiS car mileage was greater in 1S95 than in 1890j$ which, of course, Increased the cost per senger. In 1&90 the total number ot rattai run by passenger trains lu the United States was 2SS.57G.S04; in. 1895 It was 317.665.6t5. Iif 1895 the- revenues from passenger service the United States decreased $33.103,878 compared with 1SS4, though the figures f 1805 include 2,055,29 miles of road'more tharf in 1891. The foregoing statements, which arfl based.upon the most accurate statistics oil tainable, at this time Indicate: 1, That at til present time the average fare charged.In Ipvi is less than the actual cost of transporting tf| passenger. 2. That within the last three x four years passenger earnings have decreasj without a corresponding decrease in the ccj of doing the business. Unless changes ha been recently made that have not come to .jjj notice of the commission the following are rates prevailing in the countries nami.' England—First class, 4.il cents; second,. cents; third, 2 cents. France—First class, cents; second, 8 cents; third, 2 cents, Ita-ly-i First class, S,6 cents; second. 2.G cents;-third 1,8 rents, Holland—First class, 3.2 second. 2.C cents; third, 1.8 cents. flel M First class, 3,4 cents; second, 1.8 cents;4hlrd,B 1.2 cents. Except in England no baggage ill carried free. ' • B Density of Population "The density of population also affects tlief volume of passenger traffic. Where the i lation is dense there will be more travel tliaiil In sparsely settled districts. In Iowa the! population per square mile Is about" 38; Inf Kugland, 541; Belgium, 514; Holland, 85Q;| Italy, 268; France, 187; New York, 139; Ohio,} !)((; New England, S3; Illinois. 75; Missouri,! 43; Wisconsin, 34; Nebraska, 15; KanVas, -.' South Dakota, 5. The population per mile oil railroad in Iowa Is about 247, in Illinois it Is I about 395; New York, 813; New England, 7i»';j Missouri, 447; Wisconsin, 306; Nebraska, ! Kansas, 108; South Dakota, 129, Thp average! passenger earnings per mile, an shown by thif I last reports to this commission, of the roads! operating In Iowa are ?990. The Kansas import lor 1S95 shows JS14, the Illinois report $l,DS2, and, as shown by the report of the 1" (erstate commerce commission, they nre $(.' in New England, ?4,OV4 in Kew York and I?J Ohio 11,951."- 009-;1 Uttde Bock, Ark., m, l&,-TJi e town of Majyern, which was almost W 2 out by flre laet July, was visited by a conflagration Friday wMeto desti-nvo^ the rebmu bu ? i» esg ppr u onfl vaestloye$ > will aggregate $100,000. }„ Seclalia, Mo., Feb. W. Rev p ' In the Old Pays, The Chicago Shade was in a fldentisl mood and put his feet the arms of his throne, "I am a man with a history. I was on earth I spent my life and P fortune fighting four divorce cases," i said tentatively to tt\e bulky his right, "And yet they say the world resses," mused the shade o| HeW/g Vm,, as he took a retrospective at the pages devoted to his terni* the history books.—pittsburg New* ot Wedlock ' Qhj c he§ter, ag fhe -"Hermit of died last weeK at had previously jived for foj>ty a cay? dug In ft eao4 jiJwe'jpp' Beach, He was a§ years h $?f age, better hi, , Q . :£• wvhrai _^ t . W ttW wi* vw , ' ,:*:;./•:. The largest th,e country few Pin,e plains Tte

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