The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on January 20, 1897 · Page 4
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 4

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Wednesday, January 20, 1897
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DfiS MOINE8: ALGONA, IOWA, WEDNESDAY. JANUARY 20, 188?. to,-, A WAfcREN. < UM, (•' { ' fhfl difficulty With Dr, Gates'address ,;. SB pliit&cracy, As With So many such ' ftddfesses, is its lack of definiteness. . "9?he late campaign afforded enough glittering generalities. We look to the scholar for specific instances and Specific fetnedies. What are the ' evidences that the industrial classes ' ftfe losing ground and that wealth is ,' manipulating legislation? Was the -• Suppression of the Debs' labor riot in Chicago one? Some say yes and some • h&, actuated largely by class prejudice. Is the enactment of higher tariff duties one? Some say yes and some tao, actuated largely by party affiliations. Is the maintenance of all our money at a gold standard one? Some say yes and some no, actuated largely by their own financial interests. What does the scholar and philosophic student say, approaching his subject free from the bias of party or personal interest? Today half the people •who assert that wealth is gaining undue advantage, assert it on the strength of the increased purchasing power of money. Because the dollar will buy more than it would twenty years ago of the necessaries and' luxuries of life, they claim that capital is robbing labor. Are they right? Or is the progress which labor has made measured in the doubled and trebled purchasing power of the daily wage? It was not worth Dr. Gates' while to eay that politicians are tricky, that congressman are bought, that the people must rise, that newspapers lack independence and honesty, and so on to the end of the chapter. The question is what political leadership are we to have and how is it to be kept free from these ways that are dark and tricks that are vain. The question is .what legislation has been put through congress in the interests of plutocracy by dishonest means. The question is how are the people to rise and for what ends. To encourage discontent with existing conditions without dealing honestly and fairly with these questions is mere . idle and injurious agitation. Dr. Gates refers to the Bryan movement as a popular uprising. In what sense was it a popular uprising any more than the McKinley movement? In what sense was it more of a protest against plutocracy than the McKinley movement? Right here in Kossuth county three months of discussion, study, and independent thinking turned the laborers and farmers and industrial classes to McKinley. They have no interests in common with plutocracy, and they heard the Bryan side fully and carefully. What was true of Kossuth county was true of Iowa, of Illinois, of Wisconsin, of the whole middle west, a section removed alike from the control of accumulated wealth and from the reckless spirit of the speculative boomers. Why is the final verdict of this great region, absolutely representative of the thought, wishes, and hopes of the industrial classes, not a fair expression of the popular judgment, the real popular uprising? There are great problems attending the "accumulation of Wealth in this country. There are great- problems attending the developement of popular government. There are great problems attending all social progress. Every man, whether he be a socialist 'like Bellamy, a land nationalizer like Henry George, a labor revolutionist like Debs, a believer in the divine rights of wealth like Godki.n, a prohibitionist, a.; woman suffragist, or what not, is entitled to be heard. All we have a right to demand is that baying stated a specific grievance he propose a specific remedy, and present his argument in such a way that when he is done he has created no discontent that he has not, to bis own satisfaction at least, provided a remedy for. When a man, in the name of reform, ranges the whole field of social maladjustments, however, stating neither Specific grievances nor specific rem ecjies, leaving only an indefinite impression that everything is more or less wrong and that In order to right things "Unpeople must rise," he need not be surprised if he does not get a very cprdial reception from those who have got beyond the mere threshold of dissatisfaction with existing conditions. There ie nothing to complain of in Dr. manner. He is genial and his boy and clieoked shirt variety. It is regular polka dot, delaine, summer girl weather. Hie days are pleasant; the nights are chilly, but not chilly enough to prevent the mosquitoes from humming aroiihd yotir ears while you are trying to sleep, unless you have tucked the tnOs- quitoe bar curtains nicely in around your couch. It seems odd to be able to go from snow Storms to summer vegetables and mosquitoes in 30 hours. But it can be done, all Within the limits of the United States." The Webster City Tribune speaking of Dr. Gates' address says: "Bernard Murphy of the Vinton Eagle summed it up about right when he said: 'That's one of the best lectures 1 have ever heard, but I don't believe a d d word of it.' " Senator Wolcott, who is in Europe with President McKinley's endorsement sounding the lenders on bimetallism, has been talking with leading Englishmen. Balfour in an interview says: "Ihave had great pleasure in meeting Senator Wolcott and heartily concur in his ideas so far as I have heard them. I am certain his mission will be productive of good results to the cause of bimetallism in both countries." Lord Rothschild was of the opinion that whatever benefit bimetallism would derive from the senator's mission would be on the continent rather than in England, adding: "It depends on whatever action the powers that be in Prance and Germany will take. Senator Wolcott will undoubtedly confer with Empei-or William and M. Meline (the French premier)." Lord Rothschild also said that he regarded Senator Wolcott as on able man. The State Register notes: "Ralph Robinson, tho veteran editor of the Newton Journal, is now the president of the Upper Iowa Editorial association, the liveliest editorial association in the state, or in the country. But the association is no better than its new president." The state agricultural college sends out a handsomely illustrated compendium of information. It shows on paper what anyone may see by visiting the school. The college at Ames is one of the best equipped schools in the United States, and is a credit to Iowa. The State Register heartily endorses the board of university regents for specifying that the materials to be used in the construction of the new hospital shall be of Iowa production. The Register says: " The board of regents of the state university deserve public commendation and a vote of thanks for acting so wisely and patriotically." Now that Senator John Sherman is to be secretary of state the following letter written by him and published with his consent is of general public interest: HARTFORD, Jan. 6, 1S97.—United States Senate Chamber, Washington, D. C., Dec. 3, 1896.—Mr. Albert H. Walker—Mi- Dear Sir: Your kind note of the 2Sth ult. is received. I do not sympathize with the movement proposed to retire United States notes from circulation. I believe it is easy to maintain a limited amount of these in circulation, without danger or difficulty. The maintenance in circulation of $346,000, 000 United States notes, supported by a reserve of $100,000,000 gold, not only saves the interest on $346,000,000 of debt, but is a vast convenience to the people at large. The best form of paper money is that which is backed by the government, and maintained at the specie standard. The absolute security of these notes was never called in question, after the resumption of specie payments in 1879, until the reserve was being trenched upon, to meet de- in congress, in the legislature, and in general discussion absolutely free from all suggestion of direct influence. The country press is very much more independent and fearless than Dr. Gates thinks it is. When it docs lean it is not once in the direction of remote plutocracy where it is ninety nine times in the direction of a vigorous local sentiment. , _ „„ „„ JUST 30 YEABS AGO. Just 30 years ago, Jan. 7, 1867, the Kossuth supervisors made a schedule of values to guide assessors. Now that the special legislative session is to consider this assessment matter it is interesting to compare this schedule with the one reported for the present year in our last issue. Here is the old list: Timber land... S 400toS3000 Prairie land 2 00 to Horses 20 00 to 6000 Mul-s 20 00 to BO 00 Oxen, pair HO 00 to 5000 Cows OOOto 1200 Steers, 3 years 10 00 to 2000 Steers and hellers 2 j-ears.... 0 00 to 10 00 Steer? and heifers, 1 year ... 5 00 to S 00 Sheep 150to 250 Hogs lOOto 300 At this meeting of the board H. M. Taft was installed as recorder, J. L. Paine as clerk of courts .and clerk of the county board, our present auditor's job, O. F. Hall county surveyor. H- -=- -i- The total expenditures of the county board at that January meeting were only S834 for all purposes, the bulk of that for county officers' salaries. -T- -T- -f- Rev. C. Taylor, county superintendent, calls a teachers'institute to meet Jan. 28, and last six days. Qrin Faville is state superintendent. Father Taylor invites the teachers "please to bring their bibles and such school books as they can conveniently." He adds "lectures are expected from Dr. Read, Dr. Garfield, Mr. Miles, and others. IN THIS NEIGHBORHOOD. has a camp meeting able, and having known Mr. .Lang their agent, we vouch to the Time readers for his fair dealing—he wi not misrepresent in order to ge business. ^ „^__ WESLEY'S NEW DOG CASE, out organizing Brotherhood of " *•** **w*u^ W4. uuvui^l* U£/UU« IU lUOCV UC- Sciences in current revenue, brought about by what is known as the Wilson tariff law JOHN SHERMAN. of 1S94. Very truly yours,' Webster City June 25 to July 5. J. G. Graham is homesteads of the American Yeoman. George Allen, T. A. Butterfield, Hugh Connor, J. N. Easterley and John Meigs are postoffice candidates at Burt. WhittemoreChampion: N. L. Cotton and Sadie Taylor attended Belshazzar at Algona and report a fine entertainment. Bancroft Register: The production of Belshazzar at Algona by a home talent company last week was a success as an entertainment. The Algona newspaper offices will shoot any equal number of newspaper men in Kossuth for the oysters, from three to six men on a side, ten targets to the man. Burt Monitor: • Quite a number from here attended the Belshazzar cantata at Algona last Thursday and Friday evenings. No one was dissappointed. It was well handled. There are constant rumors about visits of John F. Schaible of Whitte- rnore to Wisconsin that would indicate that he is giving attention to other things beside banking these days. The small boy who wanted to pick up a lot of nice clean targets must have hud a snap The North western railway company has ffh'en $15,000 for the erection of a Y. M. C. A. building for the benefit of its employes in Chicago. Ityje of speech is attractive, clean cut incisive. But what he says is ppen to just criticism, As the American people are confronting a new industrial revival, they do not pare to Jjgftr over and over that some- 'is wrong, bHttbey want to hear They 40 pot oare to that something must be ' wan^ tQ bear exactly It is np,t wertfc An old and valued subscriber living in Kansas writes: "I am bound by a silver tie while you clasp the golden coin. I must support my standard, and regret, but must crive up THE UPPEU DES MOINES, We have been constant friends nearly 80 years, but gold and silver have separated us." THE UPPER DES MOINES has received this letter with regret on its side. In the first place no paper likes to lose its old and long time subsci-ibers. Then, too, TIIE UPPER DES MOINES considers itself a pretty good advocate of silver as a money metal, and knows that its clasping the golden coin is neither literally nor figuratively correct. Then, too, the time has come for our radical silverites to realize that there is nothing for them except by co-operation with the conservative friends of both metals. But lastly and chiefly THE UPPER DES MOINES regrets this Joss because it regrets to have any man base his support of a newspaper solely upon its sub- serviency to his views. A great deal is said in these days about newspapers not being fearless, honest, etc, When are they going to be if all subscribers should pursue the policy of our old-time friend? And if it is right for him to pursue such a policy why is it not right for the monied classes to pursue it, and why should he complain if all the newspapers in the United States should simply voice the sentiment* of their moat liberal supporters? To the extent of his influence our friend does what he can to destroy real independence of the press. Fortunately he does not represent any considerable number of people of any class who have contributed to the encouragement of THB UPFZR Des Morees, He is one of very few who, in the past 15 years, have stopped their p&per because it did not agree with their vlewg. A very mistaken impression exists as to the pressure brought to bear on the etc. J)r. Gates fell errojp wheu be sfeted that to eooaemn or erJMcMw railway jnanagement fcnew that it meant immolate ipga of rajJway patronage. Noting ccujdhe twrftep fr«» mm' wte ?hejei|R9,1;ftp£n,er in 0m ftWfei el the aAwrflitaf Z2L at that Burt shoot. It would have paid him to put out a featherbed to catch them in. The Algona editors can beat that score. Commissioner Delevan says the Milford parties, who served an injunction upon the builders of the Okoboji dam restraining them from going on with the work, have failed to put up bonds within the time required by the judge, and now work will be resumed as soon as the weather permits. After Feb. 1 Company F will wear the regular army cap, which is flat topped, instead of the old cap of '61-65, the top of which tips forward. The new cap is like those worn by fireman in Des Moines. The visor is large and protects the eyes from the sun. Company commanders were ordered last week by Adjutant General Wright to make requisitions for the new caps by Jan, 20. Officers will also wear this cap, as some of them have in the past, The national guard uniform is gradually being brought to uniformity with that of the regular army, Ledyard Leader: The editor his wife went down to Algona Thursday night and attended cantata, Belshazzar, presented home talent to a large and appreciative audience. No money or time had been spared in preparing the play and the production was simply magnificent. The cast was complete, consisting of SO trained voices, and costumes which were rich and historically correct. The play was one well worth a persons time and money to hear, and those who failed to attend certainly missed the treat of the season, Bailey refers to the Wesley case, where a husband arrested a young man his wife had loaned some breeches to to go courting in, and says: They ought to have a pair of town breeches up there that any young roan could get for the time being to wear to see his girl. These hard times work against courtship }n this respect and with a pair of town breeches in the ogioe of the poayor, they might be let every night in the week and help on the good work of giving the young and last the by a good ng up We time and ultimately to the bu.~,. and populating of the country, recommend the city council of Wesley to take this matter under advisement. Renwiok Times': W. J. Algona is here this week for Lang of the purpose of talking up, soliciting and organ- mng a Brotherhood .of American Teofflan—a modern beneficiary society, patterned after the Wepamen's order asS kindred eapjetiee, except ifr h.as, ma4s gQflje improvements in tjie prime ntld Ptftlrie tlnye tt Itt It Tills Tittife—Geiierfil Srotes ft-otn Wesley* Wesley has another dog case It belongs to Corwith and Prairie County Attorney Raymond was ove yesterday to prosecute, but owing t the sickness of a material witness hear ing was postponed two weeks. Ther is some dispute as to the facts. Th complainant is Mrs. Riley and th defendant Peter Lichteig. Mrs. Rile; says that Lichteig tried to buy the dog offering $10, but that she refused t sell. At that he grabbed the dog an drove away. Mr. Lichteig, we undei stand, admits that his boy took th dog, but that he let it go after driving 20 rods. The dog, Mrs. Riley says has not been seen since. It was a pe dog, born the sntno day the little Rilej trirl \v»s, and so much admired tha the little girl cried two nights over tin loss. The defense will doubtless b< that the clog could not be stolen, a Mr. Lichteig is charged with larceny 'Squire Raymond is busy perfecting his appeal from Judge Quarton's ruling in the first dog case. He is confiden that the supremo court will hold tha a dog is subject to larceny. He thinki that the old common law was abrogated prior to the formation of the Unitec States courts and that our common lav is more considerate of the dog. On the other hand, Judge Quarton's ruling is endorsed by some of the ablest lega students in the state. The decision has been much discussed among lawyers, and in the papers. Opinion differ. It will be an interesting case when it reaches the supreme court. WESLEY NEWS NOTES. WESLEY, Jan. 19.—Rev. S. P. Wil son of Clear lake gave a lecture here the evening of the 15th under the auspices of the Epworth league. There was a full house out to hear him anc all speak highly of his lecture. GeO. Stebbins of Britt is putting in a general stock of merchandise here which he will close out at cost. Mr. Stebbins is a good business man and our people can expect to get goods sole to them at prices that are right. W. W. Finn was a Sexton caller Monday. Young Hennessey, who has been laying in the county jail for the past two weeks for assaulting A. J. Sprague, was brought to Wesley last Saturday and bound over until the next term o! district court to keep the peace, 'Squire Robinson fixing the bond at $500. On default of the same he was taken back to jail. It seems that he has made some serious threats against several ol our citizens. Wm. Lentz and C. Marks took a trip up into Minnesota this week to look over some land they are about to invest in. EOSSUTH COUNTY SCHOOLS. Some Tacts About Them as fDis- closod In State Superintendent Sabln's Annual Report. Kossuth has 186 sub-districts, and seven independent districts. It has 183 ungraded schools, 36 rooms in graded schools, and has school an average of 7.7 months in the year. It has 47 male teachers, and 243 females, paying the males $36.47 and the females $32.03 on the average. It has 3,667 boys and 3,269 girls ol school age, 5,322 are enrolled in schools the average attendance is 3,221, and i costs $2.34 a month for each pupil. There are 196 school houses, valued at $138,152, with $7,559 of apparatus 1,534 volumes in libraries, 3,126 trees set out on school grounds. It received in 1896 $80,717.67 and paid out $57,969.92 to teachers anc $459.33 for other purposes, leaving balance on hand of $22,288.42 in the teachers' fund. In the school house fund the amounl received was $27,008.91, of which all bui $4,289.10 has been paid out. In the contingent fund a total o $26,163.58 of which all but $7,632.05 has been spent. Since July 1, 18 first class cer tificates have been issued to males 122 to ladies; 30 second grade cer tificates to males, 121 to females; three special certificates to ladies. Ten applicants of the male persuasion were rejected and 35 ladies. The avera age of teachers is 26 years for men, years for ladies. Four 'males hold state certificates and two ladies. Supt. Reed has visited 222 schools has drawn as salary $1,174. The normal institute was attended by 35 men and 239 women. A NEW MILKING- MACHINE, Uncle Juntos Dickinson, AVlio Came to Clear Lake In 1851, Tells Bailey a Story, James Dickinson, who came to Clear Lake with Joseph Hewitt in 1851 lives at Britt. Bailey is publishing his reminiscences, Here is one: Uncle Jimmie tells of a good joke on a cow wbioh we will relate to finish this article. They had one big cow that was in common parlance a H holv terror," She couldn't be milked without tying every foot. They captured a couple of young buffalo calves one day and he said he thought he would !f e j if i Jt v ey S? wld milk her ; 80 they tied old brindle up and let the calves suck her. She fought and kicked, hut they hung on. She finally broke loose, but they would hang right on just the same and old bovine couldn't kick nor shake them, loose. She bawled and she was milked, and . ,-,,. .. ..nallysuccumbed to »»» inevitable, and became the stepmother to. a couple of buffalo calves. apiece and ,e}k at"$?0° to $75 apifS? they eoW right at home. People the east bad heard about them, and sent buyers out to secure theyown^ intereji J B mis Biretim was BO natneaj.". j. The Sioux called the east branch of Indians seemed to t be chiefly flf 1, le Des Moines Sun-ka-kee, which lahabah's band* mixed up with Some nn«*. ttrMhhf Iftitref. This would in- the Red Top band^Inktmdutah's, « the Des Moines Sun-ka-Kee, wnicn "'"'i" 1 *" ^ uau "' ""* meant Brother Miyer. This would in- the Red Top band^np&uft's, dicate that the savages regarded the *}tn Yanktpns from the- 1 Missouri;! east branch as inferior to the west Their trapping fend fishing groun%| branch. Congressman Dolliver says werejilpng^the East Des Moihes afieM both branch. Congressman Dolliver that, after casting a bass flv in -_.streams several times in Humboldt streams oevcim uiiuoo i» j-iumuw.v.., - . - - ,---— 4 . , 4*»;i.. county, he is satisfied the Indians were ish-ta^ha'bah, Major Williams ha& right. Fulton says the full name was already explained, .did not belong tft « _ * . «. • _ . . _ _ i _. < j i_- _ iVmjttiflnt(*O!^~>i4» TT« ^uu<_ i_ ^»j ,'• • • D , * rignu. JJ UJtUii onja cue? iuii ucujjo »»ii,o was Inyan-sha-sha-Watpa-sunkakee, the other branch being Ihyan-sha-sha- watpa, or Redstone River, and the east branch, Brother of the Redstone river. Major Williams, who took down the names from the Indians, has their name for the Des Moines Eah-sha- sha-wah-pa-tah, River of the Red Stone. The two names sound somewhat alike, and the difference in spelling is no greater than is'found everywhere, where different writers have attempted to express Indian sounds in our alphabet. The Sioux had musical names for many of the streams. They called the Missouri Minne-so-si-ah, and the Iowa Eah-kon'ka. On the Skunk, especially, they improved on their white brethren with Gum-pa-ca-ca., The name of the Skunk with the Sacs and Poxes was Clie-cau-qiie, Chicago being another form of the same word and meaning the same thing—a more appropriate title for the river that sewers the western metropolis than for our clean and sweet smelling Iowa stream. Some of the other names are not so musical. The Boone was Cha-sis-si-a- seh-wa-pa-tah. The Cedar was Ze* zick-a-ota-wa-pa-tah, the St. Peter Minne-so-tah and the Mississippi Ha- ham-a-do-tah. The Sacs and Foxes who held the lower end of the Des Moines called the river the Ke-sauk-kee-sepo. The junction between the Ke-sauk-kee-sepo of the Sacs.and the Inyan-sha-sha-watpa of the Sioux was not clearly defined, and suggests a story Major Williams tells of the later history of the stream. In early days, ho relates, the river was known as the Des Moines only to the Raccoon forks and above that was on the maps as the River of the Sioux. After the Des Moines land grant was made, ending naturally at the Raccoon, some enterprising settlers further north got out new maps in which the whole river appeared as the Des Moines and the land grant was thereby extended into Webster county. Inasmuch as Pike and Lewis and Clarke refer to the upper river as the De Moyen and Demoin, this story would seem to need verification. Tho first white man who ever ascended the Sunkakee, or Brother river, in an official capacity was Nathan Boone, son of the great Daniel Boone. He was a captain of United States dragoons, stationed at the time at old Fort Des Moines on the Mississippi river, now Montrose. Boone was one of the most noted rangers of the west, resembled his father in appearance, and was repeatedly promoted for his services. Boone county and Boone river commemorate his name. Major Williams had the story of his excursion up the Des Moines from Judge Washburn, one of Boone's sergeants. The company crossed the east branch in Humboldt county coming up the divide between the two streams to the state line. "On point near the state Williams records, "and reaching the line," Major now in Kos » miuiuo IUVJI'I.VK], nui* uu.v j,u JU.UO- Duuuic, utiujKuiH ana otnoi* matters a suth county, the Indians attacked him hatchet, etc., and handed them to:-the nff.av* lira t.nV* i n nr V» 1 D YYirtwiovnoMf a fr\n er»*v\/i Tnrlinnn i« !.__ j.;n j.i_ 11 . • after watching his movements for some time. He then found them with considerable force determined to check his progress, and had a sharp fight with them. From that point he moyed eastward to what is now called Lake Albert Lea, which was so named for Lieut. Albert Lea, acting adjutant of Capt. Boone's squadron." This was the first Indian battle known to have happened in Kossuth, The second trouble between the whites and the Sioux in the boundaries of the present county occurred in 1852. Major Williams' report of it was taken down by him from the stories brought to Fort Dodge by the participants immediately after. He says: "In 1852 Capt. Galcott with his party were engaged in running the state line, the Indians watching them very closely and annoying them by begging and hanging around in small parties. Finally some of the captain's men killed two buffalo, which caused Ish-ta-ha-bah with a party of his warriors to make a dash at the captain, demanding two cattle in place of the two buffalo killed, claiming the buffalo as their cattle. The Indians surrounded the captain and a few of his men, who were in advance of the main body about two miles; He managed to amuse or keep the Indians at bay until his rear forces came up, who were generally armed, and disposed to fire on the Indians The captain's force in all was about 80 men, prepared to meet any interference on the part of the Indians. Seeing what they had to contend with the Indians withdrew, threatening what ihey would do if any more of « their cattle' were killed. The captain had some difficulty in keeping his men :rom firing on them. He informed them through an interpreter who he was and what he was doing, stating to them that if they again attempted to molest him he would fire on them Sleepy Eyes, with his warriors, about 30 in number, withdrew .still threaten- ng if 'their cattle' were again dis- Wbed. This occurrence took place in Kossuth county near the state line a short distance east of the Emmet county line, as laid down op the map by Capt, Galcott, who immediately after came to Fort Dodge for supplies " Capt. Galcott's "supplies" are still 'a matter of amusement to the first comers. The state line for many years was well defined by an almost unbroken trail of empty beer and shampagne bottles, and the traveller raced iF better by the unofficial I glass •emains than he did by the .big official > Algpna, stands and, north of th'at ..Mft Quite a number were ibcated along tl stream how called Slack Cat (1 hs f been unable to learn how or by ftnti this slfettfn was so natned).". . _ along .„_ . at Chain Lakes and or Tuttle*s Lake. < O-kam-am-pa-dfh the outlaw Sioux. He was related ohif 1 by marriage, and was a more beacabwl inclined chief than SidotninadotatT I Inkbadutah, Umpashotah and Titofifca! 1 Of his conduct following th.e murder 6f : Sldomihadotah by Lott, Major Williaffia records: "Ishtahalmh was a ohieh who had great influence with the Indians. I believe he exerted hitfi.' self to keep them back from retaliafcl ing on the whites for the murders committed by Lott. He knew th& United States troops 300 to 400 strong were posted north of him building/] Fort Ridgely," The unpleasant sugl '" gestion which Major Woods had made as to the place into which he would blow them all if any trouble ensued, had also evidently impressed his mind It was at this time that Ishtahabah with some of his principal followers came to Fort Dodge, and showed to the major some old papers signed by Major- Day of the regular army and by Quinu. Indian agent, in which his good character had been certified to. He gave assurances of his own and of his people's friendship for the white men,' boasted 500 warriors, and made the claim that they had never yet been ' guilty of shedding the blood of a white'' man. . • . "Notwithstanding'these professions,''.Major Williams says, "parties of .them,', continued to rove about the country robbing and annoying the settlers." Ishtahabah came to Major Williams after the troops had left Fort Dodge' ' because the major held a commission from Gov. Grimes to raise men if necessary to protect the frontier Gov. Hernpstead had issued the commission in the first instance in 1853 soon after the troops left, arid Gov. Grimes renewed it after the Clear Lake scare. The issuance of the first commission followed an amusing incident which shows how pluck and mother wit saved many of the pioneers. The story Major Williams relates as follows: "Late in the fall of 1853 a party under Inkpadutah went over to' the Cedar river and took prisoners an old gentleman by the name of James Chambers of Linn county and a Mr. Madden. of Muscatine, who ventured up to the head waters of the Cedar river to hunt.. Mr..Chambers being a very early settler and well acquainted with the Indian character, induced the Indians to believe that he and Madden had gone up to see them and trade with them, telling them that they had some miles from them a wagon loaded •• with flour, bacon and whiskey, which they would bring up to them if the? would let them go for them. This story took the ears of the Indians and they consented to let them go,' but were unwilling to let them take their' horses with them; Chambers.-satisfied': them_that they must have the horses to bring up the wagon, when they consented to let them take the horses along, provided that four Indians uiviuo uouwi'di uixw u»¥u QuiocLuiD, ciiuij^, jjiuviuou knab lour inQians traversing what is now Kossuth county armed should accompany them. For t.n t.ViA Bt.n.f-.A lino. u On rftnp.hino- t.Vio t.Vi« m-innAca nt 4U Hn ...i Mn .' XL. _ T.'jii •-. the purpose of throwing the Indians off their guard Chambers took off the saddle, blankets and other matters, a Indians to keep till they would return. They mounted their horses barebacked and started professedly for the wagon,' guarded by four Indians. They talked to and amused the Indians, hoping to put them off their guard, but failed in doing so until they had travelled about six miles. On approaching a grove they pointed out about where the wagon and the balance of their party were and told the Indians they had better stay back a short distance until they would go forward and tell their friends how matters stood, professing to fear their friends would fire on the Indians. The Indians agreed to tho arrangement. As soon as Chamh- , ers and Madden reached between one and two hundred yards from them they put the whip to their horses and fled. Having good horses the Indians were ' unable to reach them. In this way they escaped from captivity and saved their horses." o£ . >ak section posts At Spirit La urveyors fcurt have "had a elebration » ig doubtful }f | n 9 etate line has been the _ OATOHINfl AIT OTTEB, C, D. Pettlbone Belonged to a Set lively Story Tellers at llapids. The Times recalls early days when C. D. Pettibone used to give pioneer experiences down at the Rapids, and tells a lively story: The Gazette tejls about C, J. Fox % fishing through the ice in Vermont, where the fish were so ravenous that he could not keep his hooks baited, and at last he held his hook two feet above the water and the fish jumped up so fast that he,, ha^tOy sit down and kick them out on 'the ioe ., with both feet. To one who ha^ not listened to stories of early days in 'a,'' new country this would seem unreasojir' able, but as we have sat in the' oJcJ hotel on the west side and listened ft S, B, Fleek, ^abina Warriner, 0, D, Pettihone and others give tbelr advefl. tures and experiences we are ready to believe almost anything. We will eive ' ?" e of M,, Wan-iLr'8 IdventuS &ll told it himself, He and a Mend, took their guns one morning and went the river on the ice. He shot crippled an otter, and seeing for a hole ui the ice, whioh , s man had cut, he dropped his gun an o h l ate v n?ore een nore ntinjately associated, with beer at Major 8 his first visit , to head it off, f poss hle t they both reached the'hole al^ut fame time, he grabbed the the tail and hisleet both w m t under th hangmg on to the §1 .... .carryinghim with i reached another boje, wh'ioh ,,„„ , P«t in the ice; Jure it ffl$ j^W ate Junge for liberty, but only .in drawing MJ-. ' "- *• fl

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