The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on December 16, 1896 · Page 4
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 4

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, December 16, 1896
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Page 4
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-,' 4 ' >( - ' ^ '','""' s .'XX40XA, fOWA, WEDNESDAY, * WABftteflf. fhe dfcte fofthe coming meeting of tfpW fies Moines Editorial ill finally fixed. It will bo Ifi Altofla, Jan 14-15. This will . be the first meeting- it) a year, the • gumtnef meeting, which was to have been the Algon& meeting, being . crowded out by politics and "lack of confidence.' 1 Ifi Some respects this meeting will be an innovation on established customs. Hie address will be given by Dr. Gates, president of Iowa College, who takes lot bis subject the prospects of democracy in America. This with the formal exercises will occur at 11 o'clock Friday morning. The banquet, instead of following an evening meet ing and coming at a late hour, will be given at 6 o'clock, and a program of toasts and responses to occupy the evening will be the most entertaining feature of the gathering. On Thursday evening the visitors will be entertained at the opera house, being invited to hear Rev. Frank W. Gunsaulus, who will deliver bis great lecture on Savonarola. The discussions will have right of way Friday afternoon, and part of Friday morning. The program has been arranged to bring out as nearly as possible systematic consideration of the editorial, local, and business departments of newspaper making. A preliminary announcement will be mailed this week to all members of the association. Complete programs will probably be ready by Jan. 1. The addresses of Gunsaulus and Gates will alone make the meeting well worth attending by all who can possibly arrange to be present. NO REASON TO DOUBT YET. The Rock Rapids Review says: " We hope the Algona UPPER DES MOIXES is right in the opinion that 'international bimetallism is not a fad or passing notion. It is a safe, practical and desirable solution of the monetary problem. It is to be settled during the coming four years'— 'one way or the other, 1 THE UPPER DES MOINES again remarks. But if our contemporary is familiar with the trend of republican opinion its confidence must be shaken by spells by the increasing number of representative men who may fairly be supposed to reflect the sentiment of its party, and who openly avow that international bimetallism is both visionary and impossible of attainment. We would gladly think otherwise, but it is our belief that the next four years will open the eyes of our Algona contemporary to the fact that the dominant elements in its party do not want bimetallism of any kind." We see nothing as yet to warrant the conclusions the Review' has reached. A great many republicans doubt the possibility of international action, but there is nothing to suggest that President MoKinley's administration will fail to make a thorougk and honest effort to secure it. At tbe very opening session of the caucus of republican senators at Washington the following resolution was adopted: "Resolved, That a special committee of five members of this caucus be appointed to recommend a plan whereby legislation may be had at this session looking to an international conference with the leading commercial nations of the world for the promotion of bimetallism." Senator Sherman, as chairman oi tbe caucus, at once appointed Senators Gear, Wolcott and Hoar on the committee, all avowed believers in the success of tbe experiment. It is currently reported that a definite plan of action will be agreed upon before tbe new congress meets. Everyone must see that international agreements are not easily secured, whatever tbe project. It is entirely possible that this effort will fail. But there is no sign or portent in the heavens yet to alarm those who want an honest effort to be made, Such effort will be made, and the possibility of international agreement will be settled during the coming four years, After that we can discuss what to do next. ....... NEWS AND COMMENT. TflE UPPER DES MOENES will have a weekly letter about the dpings of the extra legislative sesnipn written by Lafe Ypung, Mr, Young's legislative letters give an excellent resume of each week's proceedings and have heretofore been very popular with our readers. The State Register says: "Mr, three candidates for federal i Jn his district, but Mr, Polliver great worker," -t- G,eo« E. Roberts is writing signed .. . _. . . _.. _. „ .. He yecpgnjtipn. This ,re- .sent :pn win at W hasbeefi tiered the state department in MeKinley'S cabinet. Tbe preTnillnfc opinion !$ that he will hot go Into the daWnetj in any event •*••*••*• W. fi, Suliard, chief secretary ot the senate last winter, was found gtrflly ot forgery by the Jury at Clarion last week. Mr. Bullafd forged some notes and a mortgage and gave them to his mother for Security. She put them in 4 bank, later, foe collection. When She found that they were forged she burned them to help her son. •4- -*--*• One piece of gossip about Allison and the cabinet comes from a " close friend" in Washington: " Senator Allison was asked to be secretary of the treasury," he said, "by three presidents, Garfield, Arthur and Harrison. Mr. Allison declined all three of these, but only to Gen. Harrison did he give his real reason for refusing. He told Harrison that he would not be willing to be secretary of the treasury till he was asked to take that office by a president who would be willing to permit the secretary to be the secretary, and to manage the office to suit himself. In my opinion," added this Iowa friend of Allison's, "he will now decline to goto the state department, if asked, for the same reason." •*• -s- -e- The north half of Iowa is credited with three candidates for Allison's place if he should enter the cabinet •*••*•-*Speaker Reed is sure to be chosen again to preside over the house of representatives, in spite of the opposition of some republicans. •f- -s- -f- J. J. Ryan is still skeptical. The Fort Dodge Post says: "J. J. Ryan of Algona was in town this week looking after some business affairs. He says times up north are no livelier than here and he doesn't believe that Cleveland's message will help matters any. Mr. Ryan construes the president's financial utterances to mean the retirement of what little currency we have left." Hf THIS NEIGHBOBHOOD. Pocahontas is the only county where the mulct petitions won. The men are going to receive New Year's calls at Emmetsburg. . Rev. Thrush of Spencer has had a call to Mason City, but has declined. C. E. Sinclair, who used to edit the LuVerne News, is doing good work on the Britt News. Tbe next meeting of the Algona District Methodist conference will be held at Buffalo Center in July. • Whittemore people come to Hobart for the club dances. Hobart is. in the swim when it conies to good parties. Emil and Mrs. Chrischilles of Whittemore are going to Europe next season to spend some time, the. Champion says. Genial P. E. Narey of Spirit Lake was elected president of the state sheriffs' association at Des Moines last week. . Jos. Cosgrove of Wesley went down to Des Moines to the state, sheriff's meeting. "Jo" is Kossuth's efficient deputy. Emmetsburg is going to make a heroic struggle to get Keene. Better come to Algona and help "swell the crowd, W. E. Jordan, who went from Bancroft to Chicago, has sold bis business there. He will not leave the city at present. The Emmetsburg Tribune wants Kossuth to divide with the Burlington railway on the Barney Larkin coffin bill at West Bend. M. H, Richards, our former Spencer editor, has gone to Wisconsin to open a lead mine. He may move permanently. Good luck to him. F. A. Kenyon, whose case comes up this week, has opened an office in Ledyard. He advertises "old weather beaten accounts a specialty." The Whittemore Champion says there is a big chunk of ice at the top of the Black ford hill supposed to be Charley Winkie's kerosene oil that froze, The Burt Monitor says Editor Sprague, who was whipped by the Ida Grove banker, never edited the Monitor, The Monitor editors are not the kind that take to lickings, Arnold's park is getting a big pavilion, with stage, etc, Tbe grounds are being cleaned up, old beer bottles being thrown into the lake, and an orchestra being engaged for next season. See what local option will do. Editor Gunderson of the Elmore Eye went to mail a letter and after licking the stamp stuck it on the postoffice window sill, and then put his letter in the box, O, Marquis informed the Ledyard Leader reporter that he drove out into tbe country about six wiles one day the first of the week, and along the road he counted 191 unthreshed grain stacks, Fred. Gilbert and Chas. Grimm had practice live bird shoots at Spirit Lake and Spencer last week, At Spirit Lake they tied, Grimm is practicing to be ready for his big match with Dr. Carver. Arohie Smith, editor of tbe Storm Lake Pilot, has been chosen by Secretary of State Pobson as <?btef clerk, He is said to be an admirable selection, Bis good newspaper work would argue bis fitness, The brother! q>f Prpf, Brown of Wei' ley have been pursued by misfortune. QneJleflJast wegk a t Prfraghflr, ana while tbjp ether waiftt hi§ bedside, p, woi home K$fe8|gj3 fttflommit l-vIJ^i^^H^m^ffiU£ui^»lLO'-<Juk SOSAF8 Of PIONEER filSTQBY. TbeWinnebagO Indians are associ* d with Eussuth county history only through tbe raid made upon them at Gleafr Lake by the Siou* in 1854. They neter, in early days, ventured as faf west as the Des Moines. Their western outpost where they camped, hunted and fished, was Clear Lake. In later years tbey have often passed through this county going and coming between their present borne in Nebraska and their old home in Wisconsin and eastern Iowa, In October of 1872 a large band of Winnebagoes camped in tbe woods south of Algona for some weeks. No one speaks a good word for the Winnebagoes. And yet they were ohce a very big, warlike, and powerful nation, assisting the Sacs and Foxes in exterminating the great nation of the Illinois. They were known to the French Canadian trappers as Puans or Puants. "bad smellers." McKenney and Hall say the name came from their filthy habits. They say the Winne- bagoes were the most filthy and slovenly of all the Indians. But other writers say these people are called Puants not because of any bad odor peculiar to them, but because they claimed to have come from the shores of a far distant lake, toward the north, whose waters are salt. They called themselves the people of the putrid, or bad waters. The Indian name of the tribe was Ho-Tchun-Graws. The name Winnebago is said by S. G. Drake to be that of a duck, which inhabits the lake of the same name. They were a race of big" men and women, fleshy, indolent and improvident. Major Forsythe records in 1819, "These fellows are scientific beggars." Gen. Sibley said in his reminscences: "The Winnebagoes were regarded as among the most turbulent and dangerous of northwestern savages." Geo. Catlin, one of the best known of the writers about the Indians, said in 1837: "The Winnebagoes are the remnants of a once powerful and warlike tribe, but are now left in a country where they have neither beasts nor men to war with and are in a most miserable and impoverished condition. The members of this tribe do not exceed 4,000 and most of them have sold even their guns and ammunition for whiskey." •• Gen. Sibley tells a characteristic story: " Having; referred• to Indian etiquette I may as well narrate what was told of the performances of the Winnebagoes, of all Indians the most impudent. Twenty or thirty of them, on their way to Washington before the era of railways, under the direction of their agent or interpreter, discovered or suspected a conspiracy between tbe landlords along the route and the stage drivers by which their rations were materially curtailed, inasmuch as before they had half finished their meals the horn would be blown as a signal for their immediate departure. Becoming disgusted at such procedings, after two or three untimely interruptions of this sort, they made it a rule when they were repeated to empty all the dishes on the table into their dirty .blankets, then resume their seats in the stages and discuss matters at their leisure. Fish, flesh, vegetables, sugar and everything they could lay their hands on shared a common fate in spite of the remonstrances of the angry Bonifaces, the Indians .coolly claiming that what had been placed before them had been paid for and therefore belonged to them." The band which frequented Clear Lake was no exception to the general reputation of their tribe. Will, Ed. Tucker of Mason City in his re- rmnscences of them says: "Large numbers of Winnebagoes were camped much of the time at Clear Lake—hunting by day and making night hideous with ' music' and dancing. During the winters of 1855-56 and '56-'57 the supply of' pagainena' was obtained from some enterprising dealers at Mason City. The name of the beverage was derived from two Winnebago words, 'pageda,' fire, and 'cena,' water; firewater, which bad the most remarkable effect on the noble red men of the forest. They would often fall to beating their squaws, till the better halves were compelled to seek refuge among the trees, with tbe whites, and elsewhere until the frenzy bad passed away from their noble lords. At the breaking up of winter, with new canoes just dug out, they would usually start with their plunder, at the head of the west fork of the Cedar, just a little south of the lake, (Clear Lake) and follow that stream to its confluence with the Cedar, catching otter, beaver, and smaller fur, Arriving at the Cedar, the fur season over, they sold their furs and canoes, then returned over land, the same dirty, destitute, vagabond noble 'Injuns' they ever were." T. H. Parker of Mason City adds an incident illustrating the character of this band: "One day in 1856 we were visited by an Indian squaw who wanted to trade us her papoose for a bushel of potatoes because the little thing was sick and she didn't want to take care of it; but we didn't care about dealing in that kind of goods and so didn't make a trade." In 1858, Editor Hildreth of the, Charles City Intelli' gencer visited a camp of Winnebagoes located near that village, Wapinicon, or " Capt. Jim," in command. He said that the tribe had then been reduced to 2,000 people, the majority, of them on their Minnesota reservation, Mr, Hildreth records of them: "There are J9 chiefs in the tribe, each of whom is in the habit of visiting the white settlements on a trading or begging tour three or four times a year. During these expeditions tbey seldom if ever commit depredation of any kind, which fact secures to them many lavore from tbe whites," The Wlnnebagoee were unUnpwn to Iowa untiU83S, when by treaty agreed to occupy tbe "neural gr for their- Mure bonae. Prom time they, bad oenterM about late in Wlwouajp, tide bagoes had two chiefs of renown. Winne*hiek and DeCorftb ot Waukofi— tJecorab, known to tbe whites as "Onfe eyed Decorie." Winnesbiek was & great Indian. Judge Murdock, fatbef of Rev. Marion Murdock late of Humboldt, knew him and often heard hita speak. He was impressed with his ability and oratorical genius. His face would light up with the fires of excitement; tone and gesture would add to the" force of bis words; and the effect on his hearers was thrilling and powerful. Drake said of Decorah: "One-eyed Decorie is one of the most conspicuous chiefs. He appeared about 50 years old in 1826." W. J. Snelling saw hita in that year, accompanied by a wife of 15 years. He also was a great orator, and he, to gain favor with the whites, helped to suppress the Blackbawk war, himself assisting in the capture of Blackhawk, whom he delivered to tbe government commissioners. At that time he made a speech that was quite memorable, complaining of the lack of appreciation the whites* had shown for his services. Decorah's remains are buried in tbe court yard of the town named for him. The Winnebagoes were not legally long in Iowa. In 1848 they were removed to Minnesota, by a treaty signed two years previously. In 1855 they were given a new Minnesota reservation, on the Blue Earth river in what is now Blue Earth county, the second county north from Kossuth. The bands which came south into the old hunting grounds, later, came without warrant, as a rule, but sometimes protected by their agents. After the Sioux massacre 'of 1862 they were again removed, this time west of the Missouri, "dumped," as the missionary said, "in the desert 100 miles above Fort Randall." At present the small remnant of the tribe has a reservation in Nebraska. The receipt of the §10,000 annuity while in Iowa did not improve the moral or physical condition of the Winnebagoes. Shaw in his history of of Winneshiek county says: "The Winnebagoes were not brave and chivalrous, but vindicative and treacherous. Instead of facing a foe and braving danger they would stealthily steal upon him and ia an unguarded moment wreak their vengence. But these are not the worst features in this tribe. They possessed vices of a meaner and more degraded nature. They united the art of stealing to that of lying. Anything on which they could lay their pilfering fingers they appropriated to their own use. Their lying propensities were proverbial." Whiskey had done its work for a tribe of naturally brave and warlike men. The white man brought a higher civilization and whiskey. When Rev. David Lowrey came in 1832 to Prairie Du Chien to begin a life work among the Winnebagoes as missionary, old Waukon said to him at the council of chiefs he called together: "The Winnebagoes are asleep, and it will be wrong to wake them; they are red men and all the white man's soap and water cannot make them white." But when one Jones in 1840 opened a trading post at Monona, and Thorn one near by, which they themselves named "Sodom" and "Gomorrah," the Indian succumbed. The first Indian murder in Iowa by a Winnebago was committed by a young boy who found his father frozen to death. The 'old man had been kicked out of " Sodom" on a bitter night after he had traded every thing he had, even to his blanket, for whiskey. The boy went to the saloon and shot into tbe crowd, killing unfortunately an unoffending bystander. GUNSAULUS AT SIOUX OITT. Algona's Coming Lecturer Speaks to a Big Audience at Sioux City— An Estimate of His Power. Rev. Frank W. Gunsaulus, whose lecture, Jan. 14, will be one of tbe events of the season in Algona, spoke at Sioux City last Thursday evening. The Journal devotes a column to him and his address. We clip a paragraph or two: There are lecturers—and lecturers. And Rev. F. W. Gunsaulus belongs to the latter class. No one who speaks of him as a " lecturer"^ will put any circumflex into pronounciatidn of tbe word, nor utter it as if followed by an interrogation mark inclosed in parenthesis. He instructs—and entertains that he may instruct—and instructs that he may elevate and inspire, His lecture upon " Savonarola" was a superb specimen of platform art—a treat to the mind and a stimulus to the heart and soul—a contribution to the uplifting of humanity, which must have touched the consciousness of every man and woman who listened to the great and holy thoughts, borne on tbe wings of words so forceful, and still at times so-exquisite that it seemed they could not.endure the strain to which they were subjected. It was an audience which might inspire an orator to his best—refined and cultured and sympathetic and responsive, The Y, M. C, A, auditorium was filled, tbe lecture being under the auspices of the organization, and a part of the star course which it is affording the public. When tbe time arrived Secretary Zartman stepped upon the stage, followed by a tall man whose movements suggested power—a man who would never be mistaken for a Beau Brum- mei or a Ward McAllister, He is a man who bad evidently put much time on tbe work of selecting the expressions for his thought, but very much more time in studying the thought which was to be expressed, Occasionally {t was evident that the voice was frayed on tbe edges and strained on some of the seame^-but at other times its round tones rang like an alarm hell. thrilling his again it pleaiefl with them. to pattern their Jivei after that of the great preaobeiv heroi prophet,- patriot, BtateiroaR.&n.a, martyr, who, in the fifteenth oenturyT-tto April tyae 9f oiYW^tteB«ahjpute<l to the wprld a olftrtoQ blast of OQneol.enoe Christmas Comes Dec. 25 this year, and if you can use something nice in HOLIDAY GOODS Pugh Te-welexs. * © ©-$=J © I=£-© © Don't buy your Christmas Presents until you have seen the stock of L. A. Sheets. He has the largest stock ever brought to Algona. Gifts for everybody. Toys for the Children. Perfumes, toilet and fancy articles for young ladies and gentlemen. Books and useful articles for the older ones. He guarantees Prices to be Lower than the Lowest, and quality the best, Great bargains in Chica, as he is closing out this line. If you are in need of anything in the drug line he is ready to serve you. One Hundred Dollars—

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