Pittsburgh Post-Gazette from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania on June 22, 1954 · Page 1
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Pittsburgh Post-Gazette from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania · Page 1

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Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
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Tuesday, June 22, 1954
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Final City Edition J U ' T T Tho Woathor Fair and continued warm with possible thunder showers; high, 94; low, 72. . Wnther Detail en foj VOL: 27 NO. 276 rnn m U k v Teamster Indicted In Store Tieup First Such Action Bv Court Here In Strike Violence A member of the AFL Teamsters yesterday was in dicted By the grand jury on riot charges growing out of violence in the seven-month Downtown department store strike. It was the first such indictment returned by a grand jury. 'Victor Molka, of 1615 Orchlee Street, Northside, of Local 249 AFL Teamsters and a striking driver for United Parcels delivery service, was indicted for inciting to riot, felonious assault and aggravated assault and battery. 1 Arrested By Private Eye Molka, who was arrested by Harry Michel, a private detective and held for court by Alderman Louis Eskofier on May 17, was charged with throwing stones at three Kaufmann executives on May 9 at the Pittsburgh & Lake, Erie Railroad freight yards. Among: those who testified yesterday before the grand jury were John Wolf, merchandise manager at Kaufman n's, a son of I. D. Wolf, vice president and general manager of Kaufmann's;. Sol Gerber, 924 Mirror Street, and Bertram Both, 6739 Wil-kins Avenue, both buyers at Kaufmann's. Wolf's right arm was in a cast yesterday, a souvenir of the May 9 incident when it was broken. Although the grand jury testimony was. secret, previous testimony by Wolf, Roth and Berger asserted that they had been attacked by a group of men on May 9 while they were checking freight cars at the yards and loading a station wagon for delivery of some merchandise to a warehouse. Charge!, Are Denied Molka was tied in with the attack through his car's license plate and witnesses who claim to have seen him there at the time. All this Molka denies, according to "his attorney B. P. Jubelirer. Although several striking pickets have been arrested dur-ing'the course of the strike of 12 AFL unions against the department stores, yesterday's action was the first taken by a grand jury on "charges of inciting to riot. Truman Gets Along Nicely KANSAS CITY. June 21 -P After two days in the hospital and a major operation, Harry S. Truman already is talking about getting out. The former President was reported cheerful and making a satisfactory recovery although in some pain after the emergency operation early Sunday morning in which his gall bladder and appendix were removed. He sat up in bed for as long as half an hour and took one , step today. f - ' The first person outside the immediate family to be admitted to his Research Hospital room was Tom Evans, an old friend. Evans said Truman told him: 'Tell the boys I'll be out in a few days." However, Dr. Wallace Gr?-ham, who was his physician in the White House, said it would be at least ten days before the patient could be released to return to his Independence home. Inside Pages Comics 28-29 Deaths ............... 25 Editorial 8 Financial 11-15 Ooren on Bridge 28 Obituaries ' 7 Radio and TV 29 Sport 10-11-12 Theaters 23 Wants Ads ............ 25-26 Weather Detail ........... 6 Women's News 16-17 fro In -Three Sections VI JVU Thief 'Marks' Father's Day KANSAS CITY, June 21 (JP) A thief left a Father's Day gift for his victim here. The intruder took an automatic pistol valued at $50 from the home of .Leon P. Storm, but left a two-pound box of candy and a- box' of cigars, labeled "Happy Father's Day." ' Storm, who is a single man, turned the "gifts" over to police. Summer Hits City With Bang And Top of 91 Predicted High 91 Again Today; Storms Probable Yesterday's scorching weather ushered Summer in with a bang, but the high reading of 91 Downtown fell four degrees short of the record for the day. Except for a possibility of thunderstorms for today, the Hourly Airport Temperatures Midnight.. 1 a. m. . 74 71 71 70 69 69 70 69 71 74 77 SO Noon . 1 p. m. 84 86 88 89 90 90 90 88 86 84 80 80 78 2 a. m. . 2 3 4 p. m. 3 4 5 6 a. m. . a. m. . . a. m. P. P m. m. m. , m. . m. nu-, 5 6 P- a. iix. . . P- 7 a. m. . 8 a. m. . .. 9 a. m. . . 10 a. m. .. 11 a. m. . . t p. 8 p. 9 p. m. . 10 p. m. 11 p. m. . Midnight. forecast still calls for continued hot weather, with a predicted high of 94. , Readings Downtown were a high of 91 recorded at 2:30 p. m., and a low of 70. At the Airport the high was 90; low 68. Most of Pennsylvania sweltered under brilliant sun and cloudless skies, and except for an isolated thunderstorm south of Erie, no rain was reported in the state. India Climbing Trip Nearing End NEW DELHI, June 21 (JP) A three-week-old report from the California Himalayan expedition says the American climbers are expected to reach Biratna-gar, on the Nepalese-Indian frontier, next Saturday. Comic Dictionary TAXIDRIVER A man who goes through life just missing everything. Divorce Granted! Real Cause of Marital Breakup Is Rarely Revealed If Ever (This is the sixth of 12 man, nationally prominent turifer on social issues, gives a full, frank report ton the problems of divorce.) , By HOWARD WHITMAN THE reasons people give when they go into the divorce courts are rarely the reasons for marriage failure. They simply, on advice of. counsel, pick the easiest legal ground usually some catch-all such as "mental cruelty" or "general indignities." And since over 905' of all divorces are uncontest ed, the real reasons never do come out. What are the real reasons? Rev erend Paul Hansen, director of the family research project of the Lutheran Church Missouri Synod, sent questionnaires on the subject to 5,000 clergymen. They listed the main causes as: 1. Drink. 2. Sex prob Mr. Whitman lems. 3. Religion. But when couples in their congregations were asked the same questions they listed the mm- One Mrs. Smith Wins Maine Primary Pro-McCarthy Candidate Given Smashing Defeat PORTLAND, Maine, June 21 (AP) Senator Margaret Chase Smith' won a smash ing victory in the Maine pri mary tonight from Robert L. Jones the man with whom she contends Senator McCarthy, Republican, Wis consin, apparently tried to defeat her. The woman senator, who began1 criticizing McCarthy and his Communist-hunting methods four years ago, built up an unbeatable lead when returns from about half of Maine's 626 precincts pushed her out front 87,256 to 17,162 for the Re publican senatorial nomination Never a Real Issue While it was a landslide de feat for Jones, it couldn't be labeled that for the controversial McCarthy. The Wisconsin senator never was a real, con crete issue through the course of the campaign. It was only at the last minute, on the eve of the primary, that Mrs. Smith produced the claim that McCarthy apparently planted Jones in the race delib erately. ..." ; The senator stepped out to a 4 to 1 lead on the basis of the first returns, from 20 precincts. She held the margin when the tally was in from 18 more. She stretched it to 5 to 1 for 60 precints and then moved into better than a five to one lead when returns rolled in from 120 polling places. Victory Is Clinched That still was the edge at the moment she clinched her vic tory. Bv that time, Jones had managed to carry only two small precincts, while the senator blanked him . without a vote in 18 and came close to it in many more. Rockland, Maine's premier fishine port, was the first city to turn in a complete vote. It went for Mrs. Smith 1,140 to 155. The shoe manufacturing city of Gardiner was in the Smith camp 1.035 to 257. Crash Fatal To Ohio Girl SHARON, Pa., June 21 A two-car crash at nearby Hubbard, O., today killed Dolores Smith, 16, of Youngstown, O., and injured four others. Miss Smith was riding in a car driven by Floyd Scott, also of Youngstown.. Scott, his wife, Ila Marie, and their son, Floyd, Jr., were injured. Also hurt was the other driver, Edward Wilson of West Middlesex, Pa. articles in tvhich Howard Whit main causes as: 1. Finances. 2. Difficulties with in-laws. 3. Disagreements over child training. Reverend Hansen properly concluded that if much is to be done to avert marriage breakup, a good deal more accurate appraisal of the causes must be made. "Sex Involved' Lawyers are inclined to think sex plays the major role. I talked with several in divorce courts throughout the country. Typical comments were: "You'll find a sex problem in 80 per cent of the cases," "A man and woman who are well mated do not end up in divorce court," WW of America's TUESDAY MORNING, JUNE 22, 1954 SUmmer and Part of audience awaiting , 1 WKJF-TV Station To Close July 2 Will Reopen In Fall If Senators Act Ultra high, frequency sta tion WKJF-TV, Channel 53, will suspend operations after the final, telecast 'on. July 2, It was officially announced yesterday. The' station, according to Manager Richard E. Nasori, will reopen in the fall if the present UHF-VHF hearings before a Senate interstate - commerce commission subcommittee produce "a favorable action." WKJF-TV has been operating on a low power transmitter and although delivery of a 250,000. watt amplifier has been prom ised in August Mr. Nason said, there is no assurance that it will arrive at that time." The UHF outlet, with studios and transmitter located- on Grand View Avenue, Mount Washington, is owned by Mrs. Agnes J. Reeves Greer, of Mor- gantown, West Virginia. It began operation on July 14, 1953 and is a. National Broadcasting Company affiliate, r. - : The suspension of operations on Channel 53 follows closely on the heels of a sharp reduction in operations at Pittsburgh's other, UHF station, WENS, on Channel 16. WENS discontinued all "live" studio productions two weeks ago, although network shows are being continued., "Whatever else may be the trouble, you usually find sex involved." In England a Royal Commission on Marriage a n'd Divorce, set up to study the increase in marital breakups since World War II, reported that the organized bar considered "sexual failure the primary and basic cause." But among doctors and sociologists there is a different view. , Dr. Robert W. L.aidlaw, past president of the American Association of Marriage Counselors declared, "sex may appear on "the surface as a major cause of marriage failure. But this is usually not the sex relationship per se. The marriage failure grows out of a personality difficulty between the two people which is reflected in poor sexual adjustment, but not caused by it." Psychiatrists generally feel that if a couple's personality adjustment is good they will do their best to adjust sexually. But if their personality adjustment is no good they tend (Continued on Page 6, Col. 4) '- 1 IT ' lIIIW ltllWWMllMMlllltllIMIItMIIUIIIIUIItJltiJultMMlllWLMM x;;jJ 1 m. O I Great -'Sews papers Showtime Again at Stadium 2 TQ o "Showboat" which opened ninth Civic Light Opera season. : Ship Ahoy! Showboat 'Docks' at Stadium 4,000 on Hand to Welcome Ashore9 Cap'n Andy and His Merrymakers By JAMES K. DELANEY Poft-Gazette Sta ff Writer Cap'n Andy cast another frayed line on the turf in Pitt Stadium at dusk last night. Bumptious and rollicking as ever, "Showboat" ' was secure in port again in Oakland and so was, the Civic Light Opera, for its ninth : The mooring was - witnessed by a first-night audience ,esti mated auspiciously at 4,000. And happy were they to be there, considering the weather, ; and the affairs at hand on stage. Still Willing to Climb Still ' in the offing is the theater that will be the Civic Opera's home farther Down town, but last night Pittsburgh- Harold V. . Cohen's review appears on Page 23. ers showed they're quite content j to climb DeSota Street for the ai fresco offerings. ' . ! With an eagerness that has become characteristic of Stadium showgoers, early bird -patrons . started to stream through the gates at 8 o'clock, 50 minutes - before - curtain, time, while stagehands , were' still grappling with sets to have the "Showboat" complex of scenery ready without a hitch. Frocked in keeping with the first night of summer , and the temperature that came with it, women predominated as the vacant spots in the bowl segment of seats were filled and the orchestra struck up the overture medley of "Showboat',' favorites. . Light Wind Spanks Turf The saucer had broiled in the day's heat, but now it only simmered while a light wind wafted (Continued on Page 6, Col. 2) I Killed, 5 Hurt In Ohio Blast STEUBENVILLE, O., June 21 UP) A furnace exploded at the Ohio Ferro-Alloys Company plant at nearby Brilliant tonight, killing one man and injuring five others. The company identified the dead man as Victor Loy, 40, of Brilliant. Identification of' the ' injured, brought to Ohio Valley Hospital here, was not immediately available. ' , 1 This Is Picnic Season! Today's Post - Gazette has a special picnic section, using full-color, for your reading interest. Be sure you get Section Two the Picnic Section with today's Post-Gazette, Pittsburgh's" Most Interesting Newspaper. Post-Gazette Photo. season - greement On Steel Pact No agreement had been reached early today by the United Steelworkers union and the United States Steel Corpora tion on basic issues in a new wage contract. . , Bargaining took a gloomy turn last night . less than . 24 hours before the scheduled meet- ng of the union's 170-member wage policy committee in Shera ton Hotel; David J . . ' McDonald, union president will make a report'on the'negotiations with U. S. Steel and other companies in the na tion's basic steel industry at the meeting- scheduled to start at 2 p. m. - Preceding this session will be a meeting of the union's executive , board' at r 10... o'clock 'this morning. The board is composed of President McDonald and other union officers and district directors who also are members of the wage policy committee, NoA Cancer, Heart Deaths Linked to Heavy Smoking Pack-a-Day Cigaret Users, Aged 50 to 70, Twice as Susceptible, Says Cancer Society By ALTON L. BLAKESLEE Associated Pres Sclenct Reporter SAN FRANCISCO, June 21 It involved interviewing 187,- )Smoking a pack or more of cigarets daily cuts the life span and doubles death rates from cancer and heart attacks in men 50 to 70, the American Cancer Society reported today. Compared with non-smokers, these heavy cigaret smokers run greater risks not only of lung cancer but other types of can cer as well, it said. The death rate in the age group from all causes among cigaret smokers is 75 per cent higher than among non-smokers. Strictly speaking, the finds ap ply just to men of this ree group. But Cancer Society officials made clear that they feel the findings indicate cigarets may involve risks also for younger men or for women who smoke. These are among the first findings from a mass study seeking to learn any effects from smoking on cancer and other diseases. Telephone ATlantic 1-6100 , f Victory Over Anti-Reds M Town Battle Score of Communities Now Held By Insurgents, Say 'Liberation' Forces; Major Fight Shaping Up TEGUCIGALPA, Honduras, June 21 (AP) The Guatemalan government claimed a victory tonight in what it said was the first major contact between its armed forces and the anti-Communist invaders who smashed into the country four days ago in an effort to overturn Presi dent Jacobo Arbenz Guzman. A communique broadcast by the Guatemalan radio said "well-trained' regulars armed with modern weapons" met the rebels at Gualan, east of the important railway town of Zacapa, about 20 miles inside Guatemala, and quoted military authorities as saying the rebels were driven out of the town after a brief skirmish. The an nouncement made no mention of casualties. The communique also said Puerto Barrios today when Read an editorial, "A Warning to Russia," Page 8. rebels renewed their efforts to take the Caribbean port. It added that the Puerto Barrios radio had gone off the air. Rebels Claim 25 Towns The "Liberation Radio" which is supporting the invaders meanwhile announced that the rebels held possession of 25 towns in Guatemala. The Guatemalan announce ment of the clash at Gualan followed reports that a major battle was shaping up at Zacapa, 15 miles west of Gualan. . Both Zacapa and Gualan are on the railroad linking the capital city, Guatemala, with the chief port, Puerto Barrios Troops of the leftist govern ment of President Arbenz Guz man. were reported in Associ ated Pr ess dispatches from Guatemala tonight to be as sembling in the area of Zacapa, a city of 8,000 population on the railroad between the capital and the Caribbean port of Puerto Barrios. An anti-Communist rebel flier, interviewed at Nueva Ocotepe- que, in Honduras near the border, said troops of the "Libera tion Army" were moving by truck toward Chiquimula and Zacapa. He said a main battle may be fought at Zacapa. Cathedral Town Captured The rebels announced today their planes also had bombed Coban, a garrison town ,in central Guatemala, from a base inside the country. The flier at Nueva Ocotepeque said a five-hour battle was fought yesterday for possession of Esquipulas, a cathedral town five miles frpm the border, and (Continued on Page li. Col. 2) 766 healthy men, aged 50 to 70 in nine states, and checking death certificates of 4,854 who have since died. The results were described to the American Medical Association by Drs. E. Cuyler Hammond and Daniel Horn, director and assistant director, statistical research of the ACS. They said they had not expected to have significant results for another year but that the information already obtained seemed so important it was being announced, now. "We didn't think we should withhold the information for another year. Too many people are interested In it," Dr. Ham mond told a news conference. "Yes, . we were thinking oi saving lives. It is up to individuals whether they wish to con tinue smoking or not. No pressure was brought upon us b (Continued on Page 4, Col. 4) j USE 3-FOR-51 ADS THE BIGGEST WANT AD BARGAIN IN TOWN "CT "V.IMNTJ Allihaf County fMwrhtr LfU Claimed ; T -r . - U. s. Citizens Safe, Says Guatemala Washington Ready For Evacuation By Airlift If Needed WASHINGTON, June 21 (AP) The State Department said today the government of Guatemala has pledged to "make every effort" to protect about 1,200 American citizens in that strife-torn country. The department spokesman, Lincoln White, press officer, said Guatemala also has agreed to let the Americans leave the country if they want to. Not Using U. S. Weapons Other officials said United States Ambassador John Peuri-foy at Guatemala City has full power to act if evacuation, possibly by airlift, of United States citizens should become necessary. White vigorously denied that any of the American weapons sent to neighboring Honduras and Nicaragua were being used by rebelling forces in Guatemala. He said these arms are being provided only for the de fense of the hemisphere and are under supervision of American military missions in both countries. Inter-American Meeting The Inter - American Peace Commission today agreed to a last-minute Guatemalan request to suspend temporarily Its consideration of a Guatemalan com plaint alleging a "foreign aggression" against her. The action was taken at an open meeting of the five-nation group at the Pan-American Union building. The decision was unanimous. The commission, however, made it clear it was not giving up its interest in the charges against Honduras and Nica-ragua raised by Guatemala, nor did it acknowledge that the United Nations has complete jurisdiction in the case. Georgia Bomiicr. . Crash Kills Four SAVANNAH, Ga., June 21 W A violent explosion that ripped apart a B-47 Stratojet bomber south of Savannah today carried four men to their deaths, the Air Force reported tonight. Officials at Hunter Air Force Base, where the plane was based, said it was attached to the 2nd Bombardment wing of the Strategic Air Command. Gaspe Murder Trial Date Set QUEBEC, June 21 CP) Trial of Wilbert Coffin, 43, charged with murder in the shooting of three United States bear hunters, will open July 12, it was reported today. Coffin, held in Quebec City jail since he was committed to stand trial last autumn, Is spe cifically charged with the mur der of Robert Lindsey. 17, of Holliday5burg, Pa.

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