The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on July 29, 1896 · Page 4
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 4

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, July 29, 1896
Page 4
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IOWA, WIDKBSBAY, JtftY ft, Of CAffPtt)AfES. COtrflittr ATfrOBSEY &otiii&e myself as a candidate for of county attorney, subject to the Mtloii of the republican county convention. B. V. •*• is 2S one of the papers It is ft pleasure to Its mechanical £e.tnp ibfckes it & thiftg of beauty, and it* news and efl- itoriai pages are so apptjrtiofled that It is* model country weekly. May it fherebfr announce myself as a candidate for -the office of county- attorney, subject to the action of the rejmbllcan cottnty convention. J. C. HAtMOKD. SENATOR ALLt8OU»8 In another column THEDPPEH DBS JvtoiNES publishes one of the most important contributions yet made to the literature of the campaign. It is a letter from Senator Allison in which he discusses the probabilities of an international agreement for the restoration of silver. It was written in response to p. request for hie opinion, and the senator has kindly consented to its publi- -.cation. Probably no man in the United States is better acquainted with European sentiment. Since the conference of 1876, which resulted from an amendment to the Bland free coinage bill introduced by him, he has watched Jbhe progress of the movement for an international agreement closely, and as chairman of the United States delegation to the last conference held iu ' Brussels in 1892 he was in a specially ...advantageous position to note what progress has been made, and to fore• cast what progress is likely to be made in the future. Although nothing resulted from this conference be returned to the United States more than ever convinced that an international agree. ment is a thing of the near future if this country makes an aggressive movement to secure it. Senator Allison's letter is timely on two accounts. A great many republi- „ -cans have lost faith in the success of ^ international bimetallism, and have '"been inclined to accept the challenge of the free silver party by coming out ^flatly in defense of a policy of permanent gold monometallism. This move• >ment has its counterpart in a tendency among moderate and conservative .friends of silver to go to the free silver ^fiide, as less objectionable of the two. The many evidences of a live interest in the matter in Europe, which Senator Allison cites, as well as his own opinion, will have a powerful influence in •.moderating tjoth extremes, and in con, centrating effort toward the one end 'which the ablest students of monetary science advocate—the establishment of a ratio between the two metals by •enough commercial nations to absolutely insure a concurrent circulation. • Attention has already been called to the fact that the republican platform Adopted at St. Louis for the first time pledges the party to actively promote an international agreement. The Unit. «d States has projected conferences and las participated in conferences, but Jiever before has it announced to the .nations of Europe that international bimetallism is a national policy. The St. r Xouis platform was reinforced at Des Moinee by a declaration pledging the .Jowa congressional delegation to special efforts to this end. Maj, McKinley , is himself a life-long friend of silver, and a believer that it should be restored as a money metal. If be is elected he will be pledged to use the entire influence of the government in securing international action. Through the diplomatic corps and through a thoroughly pre-arranged conference, such as have many returns of happy and prosperous anniversaries. •*- •*• •*• Ool. Putnpbrey tells them over at Etnineteburg that the United States demonelated silver without the con- eentof any foreign power, and asks, " Why should it ask the consent of any foreign power to remoneUze itT 5 The colonel's premise is incorrect. The United States took part in the conference of 1867 at which the gold Standard was agreed upon, and quit silver coinage along with all the European governments, lithe United States had quit silver coinage alone, the results would have been insignificant, ft Was the united action of the nations that demoralized silver. It will take the same united action to put it back. •4- -f- •*• The papers are still complimenting the Estherville Republican on its handsome commencement week edition. It had some half tones that were as good as we have ever seen printed on a country press. The Republican is running as a big eight-column quarto. -s- •*• -s- In Senator Funk's opinion, "The platform adopted by Iowa republicans at Des Moines last week is the most definite and logical statement of the republican record and position that has yet been issued." The Courier quotes a speech of Major McKinley made in 1892 to prove that be is a believer in silver as a standard money. Of course he is, So wasBlaine. So is Allison and so are nine-tenths of the American people. The only thing Major McKinley demands is that in restoring silver it shall be done so as to insure stability to business, and an actual bimetallism. He is not willing to jump blindfolded into an experiment, the results of which no one can foretell, and which promises only shipwreck and panic. That is the difference between McKinley and Bryan. -t- -i- -T- Horace Boies has written a letter of thanks to Miss Minnie Murray, " the girl in white," who created the Boies boom in the Chicago convention. In it he again suggests that he has doubts about the ratio of 16 to 1 being a success. Mr. Boies is too smart a,, man to believe for a minute that the United States can maintain gold and silver both in circulation at that ratio. -*--»--*Think of turning a great government over to such an aggregation as met at St. Louis last week. The greatest danger that threatens American people is not this policy or that; it is getting visionary, and radical, and unreasonable men into public control. , Orntee has beeft asked Del&wn to the mutter, attd punish t,M offenders. 9%e ariMrSace iff W, E, McDonald anfl Miss Aflell Coffen at Burt last Wednesday wus tbe social «vent of the season. A new bmne awaits the happy pair, who are among Barfs best kncrwft and tirost .popular young people. THE UPPER DBS MtrtJfiES congratulates. The West Bend Journal says of tbe Lund collapse: This last mammoth ex- posnfe comes on tbe heels of and to rap the climax, as it were, to the long li-4 of bine sky transactions that have lieen carried on by men who, unfortunately Tor Algona, have made their headquarters there. It seems Incredible that forgery ahd swindling of such magnitude could be carried on for years where the evidence was spread on the county records and nobody of all of Algona's hright men suspected it. Charley Stinson has sold his store «t Sheldon to his brother and Geo. L. Hansen. The Mail says: While Mr. Stinson will retire from tbe dry goods business, be will still continue to be identified with the business interests of the town. This will be pleasing to his many friends and patrons here, as Mr. Stinson is a gentlemanly and courteous caterer to the wants of bis customers, as well as straightforward and honorable in his dealings with all. The Mail wishes him continued prosperity fn his business ventures. ABOUT BIOYOLE TIEES. Some Information Tliat Will Be of Particular Interest and Value to Wheelmen. It bas long been a question as to which kind of pneumatic tire enables the rider to make tbe best time in a race. Thousands of dollars have been paid by tire makers in advertising and promoting to prove the matter. Many makers have maintained racing teams at large expense, and by some it is thought that this great expense is in the line of rank extravagance. At the same time these same advertisers have done much to make the sport of bicycle riding attractive, and have done more than all other influences put to- gather to show the possibilities of the bicycle, and have proved it to be one of JSenator Allison suggests, it Is entirely probable that bis administration will witness tbe culmination of tbe efforts 4»f the real friends of silver, It would be a fitting honor if Senator Allison, to whose foresight the first -^conference to promote an international Agreement wag due, should be chosen to conclude the agreement which ie to -jBpJye tbe monetary ppzjsle of a century, and which alone can insure the use of the two precious metalB on equal terms. The anti-cigarette law is attacked. A judge in Minnesota decides that it violates the interstate commerce law applying to the sale of goods in the original package. A Cedar Rapids judge holds that it is constitutional, and Attorney General Remley, also. The latter says the little boxes of cigarettes are not original packages because none are shipped into the state except in larger boxes or packages. -*--»-•+Congressman Dolllver debated money before the teachers' institute in Harrison county with Lemuel R. Bolter, one of tbe fathers of tbe constitution, Bolter is active in politics again and is said to be willing to go to congress. •*• -t- -t- We ought to have four years of peace and quiet before attempting any more experiments, Let us catch our breath from the tariff reform struggle. MOINES was about : on its full page report of the «tat§ convention published jast week, until it discovered (bat tbe blind-eyed £odde8sof misrule who presides over patent ineides bad given us the State Leader version ol what happened, yer< t»stitnet literatim, We were about to .fpjrewear patent ioeides forever, but 4ij»pB djseoyering that our "home " no report all, i pureelvea wjth tbe thought was . none, jj IB to be noted while it IN THIS jnSIQHBOBHOOD. The Whlttemore telephone, company has Its line up into Lotts Creek. Emmetsburg Tribune; W. D. Nugent of Algona was In the city Thursday, The Sanborn Sun says it Is not true at Sanborn that people get on the M1U waukee dining car to buy beer. Tbe Monitor says little Lewie Wat- klne threw a, pebble at Jin? Goodwin at Burt and hit the big plate glass in the bank front, cracking It. Jpbn Wegtenbaver of Bancroft has bought the lot .south, of Dempsey's at Buffalo Center and will bui'ld a good etore building 22x100 feet, immediately. Spencer News; Frank Bohn ot A\- gpna has opened a restaurant in the old 0, P, Q. S, building. Mr. Bobn has a very neat and Attractive place of business, Fort Dodge Messenger: Bowyer hae concluded a Marquette home and left her home ii Mies Edith Tuesday to Mis? the most healthy and consequently the most useful of all forms of out of door sport. . The bicycle today stands as practically the only attractive form of out of door exercise, which Americans es- peciallly have so much needed. It is now conceded by all who pretend to a knowledge of the bicycle and of tires, that the double tube tire is much the most practical and at the same time the fastest form of tire in the world. In the so-called single tube tire, wherein the whole fabric of the tire is cemented and vulcanized together, the walls of the tire are made of several layers of fabric and the tires so made are stiff and unyielding as compared with the tube tire, in which the inner lining is free to move independently of the outer wearing cover. All the important speed records of the world are now held by the double tube tires, and during the present vear it is interesting to note that all the fastest riders in the United States are mounted on this form of tire. As the racing man loses no opportunity to select such apparatus as will conduce to the last item of speed, as his reputation, salary, and subsequent Klory depend entirely upon his success as a racing man and a winner, he has gradually abandoned the single tube form of tire and taken to the double tube, and as a result the records for speed have been repeatedly lowered within the past year and new records are now being made almost daily. It is apparent that the days of tbe single tube are numbered and in a short time no racing man will feel properly equipped unless mounted on the double tube tire. Another important point is that the double tube tires are greatly more durable. The single tube tire is all right for a very short time, but the average life of the single tube tire, owing to the peculiarities of its manufacture, is but a few months, and when tbe single tube is punctured It seems Impossible to repair them so that they will remain airtight, the plugs, whether vulcan- izea in or not, soon work loose, besides disfiguring the tire and making hard lumps, which on a smooth road can be felt at each revolution of tbe wheel. It is a very difficult matter to make a tire air tight. The holding of tbe air depends upon the integrity of tbe inner lining in any tire where this inner lining cannot be removed. It is impossible to make the tire tight for any length of time, and it is important for new riders to know that the larger number of leaks are from causes which cannot be located on the outer surface of the tire. Hence the importance of having tbe air-containing tube remove- able for inspection and repair, The United States are about two years late In trying the single tube tire; It was thoroughly tested out in use in land and on tbe continent two ago, and has been completely Th* Mlowiftg letter frota Senator Allison explains itself: JJcBpojrt, Iowa, July 21, 1896.—Harvey Ing-ham, Esq., Alfttritfc, Iowa—My Dear Sit: I have yours of recent date and dote contents. My absence last week from home at the state convention has prevented at earlier tsply. In answer to your Inquiry as respects the prospect for nn international aproetneiit to fix a ratio between gold and silver with a view to open mints with imlitnitrd coinage by the agreeing nations, I am still of the belief that such an agreement within a reasonable time Is probable. This belief rests first, Upon the desirableness of such an agreement Both the precious metals are necessary as the basis of value and of the -world's commerce. To make them available, they must be Bo fated to each other as to secure their concurrent circulation. This commerce cannot be carried on without a reasonably fixed par of exchange between countries now having the gold standard and countries now having a silver standard. The silver countries cannot abandon silver because of their situation, nor can they procure gold to take the place of silver even if they were inclined to do so. Hence the necessity of a common ratio between the metals, embracing the leading commercial nations. Prance, Bel gium, Holland, Germany, and Spain have a large amount of silver in circulation, full legal tender, coined at the old ratio of fifteen and a half of silver to one of gold. To melt these coins, or sell them at their bullion value, would involve great loss, which they cannot afford to bear. Other countries in Europe have, in the aggregate, a large amount of silver in circulation, and are in like situation. In England there is a growing sentiment for international bimetallism, embracing her political economists, her professors of universities, as also her manufacturers, agriculturists, ship owners engaged in foreign trade, and many of her leading bankers, and those especially trading with her dependencies, chiefly with India, embracing all classes. These are united into a formidable organization to promote bimetallism. On the continent the states of the Latin union, except Switzerland, are practically united. There is a strong sentiment in Germany in the same direction. The international bimetallists are thoroughly organized in France, Germany, Belgium and Holland. They have the full sympathy of their governments—in France, Belgium, and Holland—and largely the support of the public representative men in both Gejmany^nd England. Recently the French prime minister, addressing the Bimetallic league of France, said : "As to the intentions of the government, he believed they would absolve him from dwelling upon this point. He thanked the president for having no doubt of him. He knew he was not one of those who forgot, when in power, the convictions they formerly held. Unfortunately, however, it did not depend upon France to determine such a question, for it was of its very nature of an international order, and required the preliminary agreement of the principal gold standard countries. In truth he felt that the hour of this agreement appeared to approach nearer and nearer. Under the pressure of events and owing to the distress of the people, there was everywhere springing up a movement in favor of bimetallism, which acquired strength as it went and carried with it peoples, parliaments, and governments. It has grown in England, in Belgium, in Germany, and in America. There was but an electric spark •unanimous vote, adopted tbe resolution "declaring that this honse regards With increasing apprehension the constant fluctuation and growing divergence in the relative value of gold and silver, and heartily concurs in the recent expressions of opinion on the part of the government of France and the government and the parliament of Germany as to the serious evils resulting therefrom. It therefore urges upon her majesty's government the desirability of co-operating with other powers in an international conference for the purpose of considering what measures nan be taken to remove or mitigate these evils." This unanimous vote dearly indicates' the recognition by the governing power in England of the existing monetary evils and that their mitigation, or cure, can only be accomplished by international action. The bimetallists of Europe embrace the leading writers and professors of political economy in the great universities, alto those who are foremost in monetary affairs in France, Belgium, and Holland, and leading statesmen in Eugland, who are of the party now in power. They have in Europe a common organization engaged in working out a practical plan of action. This organization consists of the united bimetallic leagues of nearly all the states of Europe. They held a meeting in Paris in December, 189S, and exchanged views and plans to accomplish international bimetal lism and selected experts to formulate these views and pjans into a detailed scheme to be presented to another meeting soon to occur at Brussels. Those participating do not hesitate to say that free coinage by the United States alone, whilst placing us wholly on the silver standard, would perpetuate the gold standard in Europe and thus destroy the hope of international bimetallism. Otto Arendt, a leading bimetallist, says in the June number of the North American Review: "Such tion would shift us (the United over to the silver standard and we should dlcatiot that HanMltofi eount v ftstetfc cans are this fall, as ta MlSBsSft '" H&e for the principles of thajififjjj . ' of ¥wo buf-glafS with taken from the store at caught at Cylihder by Sheriff last week Monday. Will Cohoon's house at was entered last week. 1., boys did the thieving. One of" will be before Judge Thomas as a* didate for the reform school. Some miscreant seemed tb think fc needed a phaeton fnpre than did M*. Harvey Miller at Esthefville, and a* cordibgly proceeded to possess " of her carriage Mdnday night. Rutan's harness was taken the tbe same: been seen since. Dr. Garth's home in ac- S tales) vainly wait for a stable ratio of value." Some bimetallists in England have expressed the opinion that if we adopt free coinage independently it might hasten international action, but these views are exceptional. It would doubtless relieve England of her present strain if we were to do so; Europe then would acquire our gold now in circulation, and all the new product of our mines from year to year. But the truth is, that in the years that are to come this would be disastrous alike to Europe and the United States, as it would create a perpetual break in the par of exchange in our trade with Europe, now profitable to both countries and being three-fourths of our foreign trade. Mr. Arendt'offers the solution: "That the nations in common create an unlimited demand for silver at a fixed gold price and then the countries and then by corn- years doned there beiJRuse o'fia'pirof SurabiU Ity, impossibility of repair, and the constant accompaniment of slow leaks which cannot be located. wanting in order that this movement might become universal, and might extend from one end of the earth to the other. They could remain assured that that spark would come—he knew not when nor bow- but it would come in obedience to the force of circumstances, and because when a question was right it was sure to work out its solution." So the prime minister of the French re" public believes that international bimetallism is making progress and is near at hand. Mr. Van Dei-Berg, president of the Netherlands' bank, said at the Brussels conference in 1892: " Our ideal is an international bimetallic agreement. Such an agreement we fully believe to be possible and desirable both from the theoretical and also from the practical point of view. We, in Holland, are unanimous in the belief that should an international bimetallic agreement admit gold and silver to free coinage at a fixed ratio, the union between the two metals would be re-established and would be maintained on a fixed basis as in fact it was maintained during nearly three-quarters of a century in spite of the extreme variations in the production of gold and silver respectively which took place in the period from 1808 to 1873," The Brussels conference met at an in- in this way create a fixed ratio, United States as well as other may open their mints to silver, that which today is unattainable pulsion will be done voluntarily; silver will again be coined. A constant interchange of opinions is going on among European bimetallists in order to work out the details of such a proceedure. As soon as the program is agreed on, which is to be done at a conference soon to be held in Brussels, it will be the the" task of practical politics to submit the program to a monetary conference." It is seen from what I have stated, and much more of like tenor might be stated, that the silver question is a vital one in a world-wide sense, and that international bimetallism is making rapid progress in Europe, and if we make no mistake now is likely to produce a practical solution whereby silver and gold will again circulate at a practical parity in value, at an agreed ratio. Yet, in the face of this, the Chicago convention urges us on to silver mono- metallism by the side of Asia and Mexico, bringing in its train to our country monetary evils which we cannot recover from in two generations. I have made this letter longer than you wished, but could not well make it more brief and cover the ground even imperfectly. I am, very truly yours, W. B. ALLISON, MOSTLY ABOUT DOLLIVEB. Dolliver will speak in nearly every town in the Tenth district, He has begun bis campaign. Congressman Dolliver and Judge isouss the money question at . , . , , - , -- Clarion was burglarized last week. His bed room was visited and his clothes relieved of a gold watch and two or three dollars in money, and either before or after the theft, most likely the latter, the pantry was visited and the best the bouse afforded liberally sampled. It was clearly a cool and deliberate tran* saction throughout, for in the hall-way on the stair steps, pantry, and other places were found half-burnt matches indicating that whoever performed the deed was not a novice in such affairs. Burglars effected an entrance to ex- Representative Jas. Goodwin's residence in Spencer Friday night, and carried away property valued at nearly $100. Among the articles stolen were Uncle Jim's gold watch, charm and chain, valued at $90, $4.50 in cash, and other small articjes. The robbery was committed while tbe family was In peaceful slumber. Tbe way the robbery was conducted was by removing the screen from their bed room window and gaining an entrance, showing that they had sufficiently familiarized themselves with the movements of the family to pillage tbe house without fear of interruption. This is tbe third burglary, the Reporter says, in Spencer in a month. . ^ NATIONAL GUABD OAMPS. Where Company F and the Other Iowa Companies Will Meet What They Will Do. DES MOINES, July 19.—The National guard commenced its and Iowa summer duty in camp last Saturday, July 25, when the Second regiment went into camp at Ottumwa. Gov. Drake will attend Wednesday and Thursday,. July 28 and 29, and the people of Ottumwa will give him a reception on the evening of the 28th. The next encampment will be that of the Fourth regiment at Manhattan beach, Lake Okoboji, Aug. 1. The First regiment will go to Independence for its encampment this year, commencing Aug. 15. The last one is the Third regiment, which will be held in Red Oak, commencing Aug. 22. Each encampment- commences on Saturday and breaks up the following Saturday. There will be no features this year outside of the regular military training; the instruction will all be confined to routine, and the officers and soldiers of the regular army will not be called upon to show the Iowa boys how to do it. Some of the Iowa officers feel that the regular army has had too much to do with the guard at encampments, and that it is- time the Iowa officers had some of the credit for whatever is done. Capt. H. H. Ketchum of the Twenty-second United States infantry has been detailed by the war department to attend all the encampments as inspector of the Iowa National guard. He will have nothing to do with the instruction. Several West Point cadets from Iowa will attend the.encampments, and O/\ MTlll nnn>,. _* iT_ _ _ flrt . . _ * _ so will some of the officers from Omaha- who can leave for a day or two without being detailed. But they will come only as the invited guests of the Iowa officers. Adjt. Gen. Wright has just received from the war department the- annual quota of supplies, including- uniforms, ammunition, etc., that are sent out as soon after June 30 as the- states can get their requisitions in. This distribution is according to congressional districts. The annual ap- propriat on is $400,000 and Iowa gefe about $11,000 now. The state allowance used to be $13,000 or $14,000, but new states have come in and the appropriation has not been increased. • - - — - nv » w ^j <^ vi \jdW4l Uumoolat a week from Saturday. Congressman Dolliver was nominated at Jefferson today. The delegates from Kossuth went south yesterday. The Bancroft Register says the S. P, MABgg COMING, Rumor If«s I* that He Will Preach »» AJgona Supday Kext, It is reported that our old-time pastor, Rev. S. P. Marsh, will be in Algona next Sunday and will occupy the pulpit here, If be does it w}ll be an event of interest. He is npw in Iowa and week was at Rock RapWe, Tbe last Re- Amoegtfae visitors opportune time and without sufficient prep, aration and , consultation with governments invited to participate. Such a conference, when held, should be preceded by a carefully digested plan for discussion prepared in advance by the leading governments. Thus it was at Brussels that Germany and Austria and some of the smaller states were not permitted to act and vote in the conference, and therefore if was a failure as respects immediate results but It accomplished one thing of great value, namely, a general recognition of a serious evil that required a practical remedy. The nations sogn after took, up the question anew. A silver commission was appointed by Germany to. investigate the ef • *-'•- - aemotetfzatipn wrought port that republicans are going into a free_ silver combination against Dolliver is bogus so far as they relate to the north end. " With the exception of » few wavering opes who never know until they see their mark on the ballot bow they will vote, we have heard of no desertion from the ranks," J. B. Romans of Den.ison, who is said to want a nomination against Congressman Dolliver, was a delegate to the silver convention at St. Louis last week, He. bas been a republican heretofore. He tried to keep Crawford county from giving DpUiver a •delegation, and got only two delegates in the e. WEBSTER CITY, July 25,-s P eoi«U: Tbe biggest and moat enthusiastic cam, paign meeting in the history of Bam* ilton county republican politics was last night under the joint ausmoeeof the central committee and Webster City republican club. Con. gresemanDoUiver addressed an aud - en e be Cuvt iouse and Half Bate to Salt Lake, Utali, On account annual convention International Association of Fire Engineers ^e Northwestern line will, on Aug. 6> and 7, sell excursion tickets to Salt Lake City and return at one fare, plus $2, for the round trip, For tickets and ™ 11 . ll lt opm ft t l oni WPly 'to agents Chicago & Northwestern railway,— 1812 REPUBLICAN COUNTY CONVENTION. To the republican ejectors of Kossuth county; A convention of the republicans of Kos- sutb county will be hew at the court house In Algona on Sept. 11, 1806, at il o'clock a. m.. for the purpose of placing in nomination can- dttates for ttie following najuea offices, to-wlt; Recorder, Auditor, Clerk of tbe Plstrlot Court County Attorney, and two Supervisors, and. for the transaction of such other business as may properly come before 'the convention, The various voting precincts will be to delegates as follows: . . Prwtnct, u , ' er brother, Victor B. PoWver, epoe to an overflow meeting In the court house yard, made up pf 700 or 800 who were «nable to gala admission to the court room-- Congressman DoUIvep'! Algona— First ward ...... Seoon^ ward... Third ward. ... Fourth ward..., Burt ............... Buffalo ............. Oresco ........ Eagle ........... Fenton ......... ,'," Greenwood. ... Ueraan ............ GermauJa Graat... gebvon, }ew says of him: of town., jjp one baa been more corJl&Uy welcomed than Bey. & P. Marib, whe waj pustpr of tb> church by the declared by a Y0 te pf »pre tfeaij tW-p to pne fpp mpn^tftry by § V0 te 'p| tp f.PW yejeptej ftp proy^, •> That in course fif such, nepjtJaiioM 4 hje t pwtemte IP, p&pgonap waj waj gj, the opinion superior to iningHnneway of convincing s&fewtow "y» weSf Vtasbwb bueg, r. «ttgm«n io h> «,..,.„ , beretQf.Qre powers $ ,04-aj, 9»9' Oommitteeinei), E.TeJlier W.P.Jones.... . P. L. Slagle F. P. Oafians JohuJCerr ......!., jj.A.'potlerT;;.':;;; i 01 w, ?»y- W, W.Alcorn Wai. Sohradev No, of Dei: ii ling-' 5 5. 3 5 & 3 & 3 2

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