The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on January 5, 1954 · Page 1
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January 5, 1954

The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Tuesday, January 5, 1954
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS DOMINANT NXWWAKR OF MORTIttAST ARKANSAS AND BOOTHEAST MISSOURI YOL. XL1X—NO. 248 Blythevllle Courier Blythevllle Dally News Mtululppl Valtoy BlythevilK Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS' TUESDAY, JANUARY 6, 1954 Committee May Get Ax Ellender Seeks , To Cut Group's Appropriation B)r O. MILTON KELLY WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. Ellender (D-La) said today he will appeal to the Senate to "cut down to size" the spending budget of Sen. McCarthy's permanent investigations subcommittee. Simultaneously, four newspapers reported that the Eisenhower administration has been urging McCarthy (R-Wis) to concentrate on Investigating waste and corruption, leaving searches for subversives primarily to ; others, and that McCarthy is said to have agreed. Accounts to that effect were carried by the New York Times and Herald Tribune, the W0shington Post and the Baltimore Sun. The Post quoted administration leaders it did not name as saying McCarthy had been urged to give "greater attention to legislative needs, directing his investigations more at waste, inefficiency and corruption—and leaving most of the Red hunting to the gr<5up created to do that—the Senate inter- .1 nal security subcommittee." nfi'.. The post continued: "•"' "McCarthy reportedly has indicated he will follow this line, but how far he will follow it is unknown . . . Previous Efforts "At the beginning of the last session of Congress, it should be recalled, there was also a series of moves aimed at curbing McCarthy's activities. None of them materialized." McCarthy, out of the city, was not immediately available for comment. He said last week "digging out communism" was not the "primary purpose" of his subcommittee, and that it has been careful to check with the Senate internal security subcommittee to avoid duplication. "If in our investigations we find subversive elements in government which would prevent the government from operating properly, and no-other congressional group is investigating, then we go ahead," he said. The Wisconsin senator has said he will ask the Senate to increase, by an unspecified amount, his committee's $200,000 budget for 1953. » He said he wanted to expand the A, investigative staff. Recently he announced he was broadening his activities to take up the handling of some federal tax cases. Little Success "As far as I'm concerned," Ellender said In an interview, "he should not even get anything like last year's spending authorization. I'm going to make another effort to have it cut down to size." Ellender for years has contended that most congressional committees spend too much money. But he has had little success in cutting their budgets. He said he will have a lot to say "about this shameful waste of wax money, Spending unnecessary sums for unconscionably large staffs." "The committee McCarthy heads is only one of them," he said. "There is too much duplication by all of them, but that is particularly true with the McCarthy committee and the Jenner committee." That was a reference to the Senate internal security subcommittee headed by Sen. Jenner (R- Ind), set up specifically to search for subversion. McCarthy's group, a Government Operations subcom- See B.cCART"y on Page 12 TWELVE PAGES SINGLE COPY FIVE CENT! McCarthy $7^0,000 Pilfered from Bureau Of Engraving Found in Virginia WASHINGTON (AP) — Virginia state police today reported they have recovered the hulk" of the $160,000 stolen from the government's Bureau of Engraving in Wash mgton. They said it was located in a metal tool box on a farm near Centreville, Va. State troopers there said they did not know exactly how much of the money was ^ recovered or whether any arrefts had been made. They said t!& Secret Service in Washington ^.would report further developments. Secret Service headquarters here declined for the moment to discuss the case. It was learned, however, that several agents were in Centreville. Virginia officers said a Treasury employee was suspected of the unprecedented theft from the tightly guarded engraving building. They said this employee had spent several thousand dollars of the money. The Bureau of Printing and Engraving "comes under the jurisdiction of the Treasury Department. The officers said an associate of the suspect, who knew of the theft, gave information to a state police officer which led to recovery of most of the money. One trooper at Centreville said thare were two suspects, both employees of the bureau, and described them as "people of coir." Asked whether he meant they were Negroes, he replied that they could be people of color without begin Negroes. The trooper said the farm where the money was found was owned by a relative of one of the suspects. The huge sum, In stacks of SO dollar bills, was found on a farm in Loudon County and was whisked by Secret Service agents to Washington early today, they said. Among other things, Virginia police reported, the suspects had bought a new Oldsmobile with the missing money. The ' Virginia troopers said the first tip on the whereabouts of the money came to the state police. The state police promptly noti- tied the Secret Service in Washington, which is about 2S miles trom Centreville, and secret service agents In collaboration with *tate police went to the farm and fount the money. Since the Secret Service took charge of the money and the case, the Virginia troopers were without definite information as to the amount recovered or development* in the wake of the recovery. Secret Service 'headquarters declined to comment on the report by the Virginia troopers. Chief U. E. Baughman, Who had been up all night working on the case, told reporters, "I can't discuss it in any way." The implication appeared to be :hat the Secret Service was still seeking one or more suspects in .he case. Have to Work Fast Baughman said if he had any- See MONEV on Page 12 8th Army Prepares For POW Release Troops Get Set for 'Any Eventuality' In Freeing Anti-Red Prisoners By JOHN RANDOLPH and WILLIAM C. BARNARD SEOUL (AP) — The 8th Army is getting set up for any eventuality" at midnight Jan. 22 when more than 20,000 anti-Communist prisoners are scheduled to be freed from neutral custody, it was learned tonight. threat merely another move in South Korea's war of nerves See POWs on Page 12 Reds Toid PWs To Defeat Talks Batchelor Says He At midnight Jan. 22 all prisoners who have refused repatriation are to become civilians. These eventualities reportedly include even an attack by South Korean army forces if anti-Red Chinese and North Korean prisoners are not freed according to the Korean armistice timetable. Even as the 8th Army prepared for the prisoner release, South Korea and the Communists — bitter ! oes—joined in bitter criticism of a head count of anti-Communist war prisoners by Indian troops. The U. N. Command has warmly en- Military to Name 498 Officially Declared Dead List of Servicemen Missing for Year To Be Released Today By C. FATES MCDANIEL WASHINGTON W-The Defense Department today will identify 48 of 3,856 American soldiers and airmen who were officially declared dead at the end of 1953 after they iad been listed as missing In Korea for at least one year. The Army and Air Force started notifying next of-kin last fctw and by Saturday all of the pre sumed dead will be identified pub icly. ° The first list of 10 Army off! cers and 38 enlisted men has been distributed for publication today 6 p.m., EST. Farm Price Problem Given Top Priority by Administration Senate to Ask Briefing By Top Officials Ginners Vote To Join Fight On Bollworm LITTLE ROCK Iffl— Members of thi Arkansas-Missouri Cotton Gin ners Association voted here today to join the State Plant Board In its campaign to stamp out the pink bollworm in Arkansas. The action came after board representatives said gins in the eight southwest Arkansas counties now under quarantine probably will he asked to Install new trash disposal and equipment. seed sterilization Dr. Charles Lincoln, a member of the Plant Board, told the gin- ners yesterday that they can expect to be regulated as long as the pink bollworm threatens the Arkansas crop. Lincoln told the cotton Industry jf conference, which ends today, that "the Bosrd believes that putting glnners on their honor with periodic checks is the best type of regulation. The pink bollworm was found in Hempstead and Miller counties last (all, resulting county quarantine. in the eight- Gen. Ridgway Intpeets SAN FRANCISCO Ith-Otn. Matthew Ridgway, U. S. Army chief of staff, arrived lust night from Washington for a one-day inspection at 6th Army headquarters and installation*. dorsed the count. American troops waiting south of the demilitarized zone were reported ready to handle a disorganized rush southward of thousands of prisoners if they should break out or become unruly after being released from the 55 compounds in which thej r are held. It also was learned that present plans call for the anti-Red prisoners to start moving southward out of the neutral zone just after midnight Jan. 22. The POWs will not be asked to wait until dawn. Special Isolation Measures are being taken for special Isolation of pro-,Communisl prisoners or agents moving southward with the prisoners. Loudspeakers along the roadways leading southward will tell them to "weed out the hostile among you." North Koreans will be held temporarily in compounds north of Munsan, it was learned, while Chinese will be moved to Inchon to board ships for Formosa. ROK Foreign Minister Pyun Yung Tai and North Korean Lt. Gen. Lee Sang Cho used almost the same language in condemning the head count But as Pyun told a news conference today, his motives and those of the Communists "are as far apart as two stars." The Indian command made what it called a routine head count of 4,384 Chinese prisoners Thursday. While the count was under way, 135 'asked to be returned to Communist China. Branded Illegal The Communists promptly branded the head count illegal — a word used today by Pyun. "It is illegal and arbitrary— it is a criminal action," he said. "Our government has come to the stage where we cannot be quiet." He called the Indian guards "armed Communist explainers" who are forcing the prisoners to return to the Communists. He said "it is outside my province" when asked what action South Korea might take U the head count were continued. One high South Korean official said earlier the government was prepared to use force if necessary to halt a further count. However, most U. N. officiate called the _ _. 4kiSf.SK IP-TISSJ" To Bloc* Explanations * '•''-.•• . By SAM SUMMERLIN TOKYO W)_ An American soldier who returned to his countrymen after once rejecting them for communism said today the Red high command ordered him and 21 other Americans to break up Allied efforts to win them back. Cpl. Claude J. Batchelor of Kermit, Tex., said the Reds slipped instructions through a Communist- staffed hospital near the neutral zone camp where the 22 pro-Red American POWs were held. He said the Reds ordered the Americans not to come out for Allied explanations. The Americans never did show for the Interviews. Batchelor spoke at a crowded news conference in Tokyo Army Hospital. The 22-year-old corporal, who left the North Camp early New Year's Day, said "I made a mistake" in once believing America was the aggressor in Korea. No Informer However he denied he had ever been an informer on fellow prisoners. He said he hoped he had not influenced anyone and said said that if he had, "I am very sorry for it." "To prove myself," he said, "I'd like to get some of the other prisoners back." He said that several weeks before he left "I wanted to try to get some other men out" but would not say why he failed. He said he had been a progress ve before the truce was signed. Se said he had begun to believe the United States was the agressor after reading Red propaganda. Meanwhile, his Japanese wife Kyoko worked on letters to three Americans still in the Blockade near Panmunjom. "Claude says my letters decided ilm to come back," Kyoko said, 'and maybe would help him to get his friends to come back too." Batchelor asked her not to reveal the names. The Army said Batchelor probably would remain at the hospital as a patient about 15 days, but would be allowed to leave on pass. He and Kyoko are planning a second honeymoon. fAiftftree' Mid 11 the Marine Corps have one each. The lost of these will be made publii Friday. The Army has changed the off! cial status of 3,372 missing men the Air Force of 256 and the Ma rine Corps of 228. The Navy plans no such mas action, but has been acting in In dividual cases after the lapse o a year without information tha the serviceman might still be alive Navy Has Listed 34 Since the fighting ended las summer the Navy has listed a. dead 34 of the 103 men who had been reported missing. The Army and Air Force action at year's end raised to at leas 30,350 the battle death toll in Ko rea. At the same time, the roster o! missing has been reduced to 3.19 Eventually these, too, will be de> clared legally dead unless Inlor mation turns up to indicate otherwise. Pay and allowances of missing servicemen end as soon as they are listed as dead, but their beneficiaries are entitled to any pay that has accumulated. Beneficiaries also will receive lump-sum payments equivalent to six months base pay. Families of men now declared dead will receive from the appropriate service a booklet setting forth their rights and benefits. The largest of these could be a $10,000 government life insurance policy. The Veterans Administration yes- Serday began sending out notices telling relatives of the 3,856 men of benefits that may be awaiting •hem. VA said all forms needed to apply for death compensation, serv- cemen's indemnity or insurance Jenefits are being mailed to bene 'iclaries as rapidly as advice is received from the armed forces. Ceylon Offers More Rubber to Red China COLOMBO, Ceylon M—Informed sources reported today that Ceylon has offered to sell Communist China 15,000 tons more sheet rubber Peiping is studying the offer. New Boofc Charges Kinsey Created 'Myth' NEW YORK (AP) — A psychiatrist and a gynecologist say in a new book that the Kinsey report oh females has created "myths" about sex and that its statistics "have done more harm than good." The charges are made by Dr. Edmund Bergler, New York psychiatrist, and Dr. Wlllam 8. Kroger, Chicago gynecologist. Their book, "Kinsey's Myth of Female Sexuality" (drune fc Stratton, New York), came out yesterday. There was no Immediate comment from Dr. Alfred C. Kinsey, I of Indiana University. i Bergler and Kroger said that Kinsey's study made errors in approach and method which cancel out his findings, that It disregards basic psychological mechanisms of human behavior and that Kinsey Is biased against psychiatry. The two say there is danger that Kinseys findings could give homosexuals or persons with other sexual dltllculties an excuse for avoiding medical treatment. Among other things, Bergler and ™*?; ob Ject to the -postulate that the 'human animal 1 is a ma- chlne-llke figure who discharges - without tht element ol tender love." They add that sex "is an expression ol the total personality, not of the sex organ alone." Bergler and Kroger said "statistics mean nothing if the material submitted for statistical computation is not properly compiled" and added: "In Kinsey's case, his combination of medical misingorrnation and psychological Ignorance presented an Insuperable barrier to either scientific formulation of questions, or to correct evaluation of answers." The two add that medical specialists should havt checked Kinsey's statistic*. By ROWLAND EVANS JR. WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. Saltonstall (R-Mass) said today top defense officials will b :alled "just as soon as poss ble" to give the Senate Arme Services Committee a deta briefing on new administra tion defense policies. Saltonstall, chairman of the com mittee, voiced complete confidenc n President Elsenhower's decisio to withdraw two U. S. division from Korea. That decision has been assaile >y some Democrats, who planne to question the President about at a White House session today. But Sen. Stennis (D-Miss), member of the Armed Service Committee not Invited to that con 'erence, said in a separate inter view that a reported administra tion plan to reduce the size of th Army, Navy and Marine Corp was a move "in the right direc ion" and that he had no quarre with the plan to reduce V.S ground strength in Korea. Sen. Monroney (D-Okla) las week, demanded a thorough st ty Saltonstall's committee of th roop withdrawal decision and a ispects of the administration' 'new look" defense policies. Saltonstall said he had had nt advance indication of the troop de ision, but he added: Same Line '. i.i--;ieve the decision was in line with what president Eisen hower has said right along. Now that the fighting in Korea is over some of the troops that we hav been keeping there can be re duoed." Sen. H. Alexander Smith (R NJ), ohilirnun of a Senate For • *' :! " — OB >age 12 No Directive Issued Yet on Reviving Base Although the Air Force told Sen. John L. McClellan in November that Blytheville was again included in a base-building program, it has not yet officially informed the Corps of Engineers. A check-with the Corps of Engineers office in Little Bock this morning showed that no official directive concerning re-inclusion of Blytheville in Air Forse plans has been received as yet. Paraphrasing Will Rogers, a Corps of Engineers official said "All we know is what we read in the newspapers." On Nov. 16, the Air Force no- tilled Sen. McClellan that Blytheville was once more included in Air Force plans and that contracts would be let before June 30. "Design planning will be undertaken promptly," the Air Force said then. However, an official directive from the Air Force to the Corps of Engineers is a procedural necessity before the latter can begin to design or contract work on reactivation of the base here. Only other, development In the base situation since the November announcement has been an Inspection Visit at the base here Dec. 28 by Air Force Generals E. E. Partridge and L. B. Washbourne, Gen. Washbourne is head of air installations. Fords for 1954 To Be Displayed Here Tomorrow Featuring two new engines and hree new body styles, the 1954 ine of Fords will go on display In ilythevllle tomorrow at Phillips Motor Co., Broadway and Chicfca- awba. New features of the 1954 Ford In- ;lude * ISO-horsepower Y-block r-S, a US-horsepower l-block six- yllnder engine and ball-Joint front uspenslon. Among the new body »tyles Is the Skyliner, a hardtop model with a Inted, transparent ' plastic roof ver the front seat. Other new ody styles Include a Crestllner Fordor sedan and a Customllne tatlon wagon. In addition to automatic trans- ilsslon, power brakes, power jteer- ng, four-way power seat and power-lift windows are available as nttontl equipment. Fourteen body styles are In- luded In three «erle«. There are RETURN FROM QUESTIONING GOliZENKO — Senator William Jenner (left) (R-Ind.), chairman of the Senate Internal Security subcommittee, and Sen. Pat McCarran (D-Nev.), are shown on return from a top secret conference with Igor Gouzenko, former Soviet cipher clerk, now living in Canada under protection of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. (AP Wlrephoto) Senators Get 'Usable' Data from Gouzenko NEW YORK WV-Two senators said today Igor Gouzenko, who helped smash a Russian spy ring In Canada, had given them names and information usuable for the internal security of the United States. Senators William E. Jenner (R-Ind) and Pat McCarrnn (D- Nevj told newsmen on returning from a trip to Canada ihat they questioned Gouzenko for more than five hours yesterday. Gouzenko formerly was a code clerk for the Russians in Canada. The senators declined to reveal where they had seen Gou- zenko at what they described as a hearing. They said their mission "was accomplished and it was satisfactory." Jenner and McCarran arrived at Pennsylvania station here at 9:20 a. m. from Montreal. They said the hearing was presided over by J. C. McRuer, chief justice of the Supreme Court of Ottawa. Jenner, chairman of the Senate subcommittee on internal security, said he would study the transcript of the hearing: and probably make a formal request to the Canadian government to release the information. Asked • if Gouzenko had mentioned names, Jenner said; "Yes, names were mentioned, but under our agreement we cannot discuss it." To a question as to whether he had "learned anything" from the interview, Jenner said: "Yes, we did." "What are you going to do with it?" he was asked. "Use it for the internal protection of the United States," said Jenner. Ark-Mo Raises Gross Revenue Tax Payment Arkansas-Missouri Power Company has increased its gross revenue tax payment to the city from three and one- lalf to four and one-quarter per cent, it was announced oday. The increase, made under a :ontract negotiated with the city n November, 1952, became effec- Ive Jan. 1. Amount of revenue his will produce for the city will lot be known until 1953 gross evenue figures are compiled by he utility, Ark-Mo officials said. Based on its 1952 gross revenue, \rk-Mo paid the city a total of 23,206.86 during 1953. The contract with the city calls or payment of three and one-half er cent of the utility's gross evenues, excluding municipal and ndustrial accounts, In lieu of ranchise or privilege taxes. Provision was made for increas- ng this percentage to fiv*: by the nd of the third year. Ark-Mo of- clals pointed out that the in- rease to four and one-quarter per ent was being made nearly a ear and a halt before the three- ear deadline. This agreement replaced the ty's old free street-lighting con- ract with Ark-Mo. The city now ays its own street-lighting bill, which runs about $10.000 a year. The payments made the city represent interest savings obtained by Ark- Mo in Its financial operations by having franchises in all cites t serves. Holdng of these franchises, utility officials say, puts the company in a. position to obtain lower rates when borrowing money. Accepted by the City Council In November, 1952, the agreemeinnnnn November, 1952, the agreement was made retroactive to May of that year. The contract is lor five years with automatic extensions unless cancelled by the city. Ark-Mo officials have said the city will receive not less than $250,000 during the first 10-year period of such a contract and that this amount would increase proportionately with the city's growth. Other towns and cities in this area receiving payments under similar agreements wth Ark-Mo include Luxora, Dell, Manila, Leachville, Steele, Caruthersville, Holland and Cooter. r/Ve/ess Wheel's Trail Leads To Leachville Wreck Arrest •r>'ld and 13 omblnatlons and pattern* »vailtbli two-tone color 31 upholttery LEACHVILLE — An 18-year-old onette boy was being held in eachvllle's jail this morning af- r the car he was driving mashed Into one occupied by Ight Marshal Al Buckner at 2 m., Deputy Floyd Burris stated. Marshal Buckner was treated at Rodman's Hospital for lacerations and br ises about the head and shoulders and today was in his bed at home. The youth was identified by Deputy jjurrls as Noble Cullem, 18, of Monette. ' :ordlng to Deputy Burris and Marshal Buckner, the latter was sitting In his parked oar in front of Nyle's Drug Store at 2 o'clock this morning. The Cullcm car, a 183E .'ord, was coming from the north toward Mor.^tte when It struck Marshal Buckner's automobile. I The fact that collision danv aged a tire on the Cullem car eventually led Deputy Burris to the Monette home. After several hours of futile search, he said, he noticed a tire and tube on the side of a country road. "It was easy to follow the trail of the car from that point on," he related, "for the boys had not put on a spare and traveled over dirt and gravel roads on the rim." It was the Imprint of the rim in the road that led Deputy Burris to the Cullem home In Monette where he found th* car locked in a garage about 8:30 this morning. Ch: .ge- w. not be li'.cd, Mr. Burris said, until a complete review of the accident is completed. He said t>s Cullcm car carried five other passengers — all boys, Ike Determined To Find Answer To Question Br JACK BELL WASHINGTON (AP) — Close associates say President Eisenhower is determined to solve the farm price problem as one of the first steps in carrying out his pledge of "constantly increasing prosperity for all." ; In a radio-television report to the people last night, the President said his administration is using "every legitimate means available to the federal government" to maintain properlty and will continue to do so as long as Is necessary. Asserting that his administration does not believe in a "boom-and- bust America" in which prosperity hinges on war or threats of war, he said the program he will lay before Congress in his State of the Union message Thursday will b* keyed to federal help. "It is a program that does not deal in pie-ln-the-sky promises to all. nor bribes to a few, nor In threats to any," he declared. "It is a program inspired by zeal for the common good, dedicated to the welfare of every American family —whatever It means of livelihood may be or Its social position or its ancestral strain or Its religious affiliations." In outlining the.past year's accomplishments, he said groundwork has been laid to sustain basic prosperity "in the strong belief that the federal government should be prepared at all times—ready at a moment's notice—to use every proper means" toward that end. He said a program of sound planning and aggressive enterprise must be-accompanied by "a faith whlchjscannot be shaken by self- appointed, peddlers, of gloom and dopm" In America's growth and' progress. This was an obvious thrust at some Democrats, like Senators Douglas of Illinois and Kerr of Oklahoma, who have said the country already is in a recession and may be headed for a real depression. Eisenhower claimed a halt In to- boggning farm prices as one of the accomplishments of his administration in its first year. Presumably he referred. to an Agriculture Department report last week which said that after months of decline, average farm prices were up slightly in mid-December. Mmbers of Congress said th« President had stressed in conferences on his program the need for action on the farm Iront. In this connection, it was reported that he will recommend in a special message on the subject next Monday action to clear away mounting crop surpluses as a prelude to stabilizing farm prices. The government now has on hand about five billion dollars worth of farm products acquired in Its price support program. In a bid for bipartisan support, the President Invited Democratic as well as Republican leaders to a White House briefing today on the foreign relations and national defense aspects of his message. Similar moves were under way in Congress, almost evenly divided among the two parties. Chairman Wiley (R-Wis) announced that the Senate Foreign Relations Committee will sit down with Secretary of State Dulles Thursday afternoon for a secret review of the world situation. Chairman Saltonstall (R-Mass) innounced Defense Department officials will brief the Senate Armed Services .Committee "just as soon as possible" on details of the administration's new defense program. In one late change in his speech last night, Eisenhower apparently sought to lay stress on actions already taken to ward off an economic decline, including a .program to funnel some defense work into areas where there is large See EISENHOWER on Pate 12 Weather ARKANSAS - Clear and a lit- tie colder this afternoon and tonight; lowest 25-35 tonight; Wednesday clear and cool. MISSOURI — Fair this afternoon, tonight and In west and south Wednesday becoming partly cloudy northeast; little change In temperature this afternoon and tonight; colder extreme northeast. Maximum yeiterday—53. Minimum thtt morning—33. Sunrise tomorrow—7:06. Sunset today—5:03. Precipitation law 2* noun t» 1.0* a. m. tod*7—nont. Mean temperature (mldmr MtWMa high and low)—M. Precipitation Jan. 1 to dit*—Boat. Tnli Date Uit Ttar Maximum yesterday—43. Minimum yesterday—23. Precipitation January I *

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