. .." t ,'.;,....'. . ..,.-. . ......... ;. V MUCfc STOCK EXCHANGE ACTIVITY IN TOE ; NEVADA MINING, BUSINESS , STEFANSSON ESTABLISHES A TEW PRIMmVfi FACTS ; IN DIETETICS m E3 JAN FRANCISCO, April 5 San Francisco is experiencing a mining stock boom such as it has not begun to know since 1906, and such as the votaries of the min ing stock gune despaired of ever seeing again. The .ant furore was over dis-fuveriea in the Tonopah and Goldfield districts. In the rushing to and fro ,'between these districts incident to that excitement J the ground of these new discoveries was trod and no doubt probed by thousands, for it lies between the two camps on Gold Mountain. It was on ,; Gold Mountain that Jim Butler's burros broke ! "Joose and left him all forlorn. How he caught fhem and discovered a Golcoada elsewhere is an- a other story; though it is claimed that what he . did discover, rich as it proved to be, cannot be Compared with the ground that he chased his burros over. How it came to be overlooked with so njany swarming about, searching for just such richnVss. is one of the unaccountable thing though y no means unprecedented in mining dis coveries. Tonopah Divide is the pace maker in this new district. A while back its stock was quoted at 4 crtits. When it shot up to 8 cents there iLNiiiiiiivMsiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiwiial I I fH wn much profit takintr. At this writine it to 18.75. having come down within a week from $10 Brougher Divide is considered a cqmer, going at '$2.50. -George Wingfield has made an immense killing, said to be in the millions. Luck may hase.aanun with greater persistence than it has George Wingfield, but instances of its having done no are very rare. When Nevada put the - kibosh on horse-racing, gambling and drinking, he was so digusted that he tried to shape his affairs .. .. i. a so that ne coma repair to a more amianie uaonui. He had set up a stable of racers, and wanted a chance 'to try them out With the big interests he possessed, getting away was not easy. In the "meantime along comes this new discovery, almost at his dooryard, and with him , in a way to make more out of it than anybody else. Federal Railroad Management Ah interest ingstory comes from Oregon illus-! trating the difference between government man-agement of railroads and that which prevailed prior to the government taking charge. At a small station whose business was very light the agent ..received $40 a month. It was good pay for what was required, which did not greatly interfere with Knottier occupation or business. The agent was ell satisfied and considered himself fortunate; ; lit when Secretary McAdoo established a mini mum of S0 for railroad employees he of course , thought he bid come into a windfall. And when, '..according to a certain classification, it was held that he was entitled to ?120 a month he thought -this man McAdoo's way was the highly proper ' th8ng, arad probably that he was the very person who oughit to be elected President next time.. But ; along came a ctierker, and finding that the receipts did not amount to as much as the agent's t salary, he put in a report that caused the station to be abolished. . This seriously inconvenienced a , neighborhood, which has been endeavoring to get - the station restored. Under the former method of rafflroading, getting the matter up to the proper authority would be easy. Indeed, interruption would not have happened. The matter was being handled in the way that the situation re- b quired; but if through any cause the station had ' been discontinued under the old regime, an appli-i Vajtion. to the superintendent would have seriwed A direct action. As it is now, application is made V toi the division superintendent, who sends it to' the ' general manager, who refers it to the federal manager, who puts it up to the district director, who passes it onjto the regional director, who forwards it to the general director, who submits it to the freight '.classification committee, by which time it is likely to succumb to the vicissitudes of travel and old age. ; Failure to Retrench . It is understood, though not veritied, iu fact, .. having little more substance than a rumor, that ' nobody, neither the governor nor his economy com- mittee, is satisfied with the outcome of the effort to materially reduce State expenses. So much was said about it at the ouet that the public was ?.led to expect the elimination figures to reach into ' the millions. The governor is represented not ; orfy to have expected it, but to have been chagrined when the tofal amount that was recora- - mended was less than a quarter of a million ; ; while" the committee was considerably surprised at the many obstacles they found in the way of doing as much as they did. The unverified story i : is that the political manager of the State adminis-tration '-was maladroit and largely assisted in ' queering .the well-meant effort. Some adverse influence was felt whenever a perquisite or an office was threatened. The defeat of the effort to eeono- , wilv in uue u-ausponanon oi insane persons snews-T this. Evidently it has come to be more of a job to retrench than even those of political experience ; figure. t , .The Governor's Gage jil'lk 3 , Jt looks as though Governor Stephens has defk jiilely thrown down the gage to Senator Johnson. 11 appears to-be slated that Hiram Johnson Jr. is to be separated from his snug State attornevship, aid that Daniel Byan, not connected by ties of blood but who is very close through: political consanguinity, is also to walk the plank. For a long time it looked as though the governor, was determined to placate the senator, regardless of flouts and rebuffs. There were many instances in the last campaign -where, slighting things were done and said by the senator, and the governor seemed to tcke it without resentment; but now there is action- To all appcarances it.has been..so aimed as to carry significance. Speculation as to just why it is at once suggests the senatorship that -is to be fought for in 1920.' The governor may have, that in mind, as indeed may the junior senator also; and both may realize what a team it would be should the governor eucceced the incumbent, and get in harness with the junior representative in the upper house. Harbor Control to Remain Nothing has lately appeared in the news regard jng the meaKure or the effort to switch the con trol of the waterfront from the State to the city. It was thought at the outset that a campaign had been arranged that would involve a desperate struggle, and that this would bocomo one of the big legislative fights. Such an idea, perhaps, was entertained chiefly by those .more familiar with city legislative procedure than State. It involved control of h'ix or seven hundred jobs, which impressed political circles quite differently from the lawmakers of the whole State. The city jtolit ical forces are unanimous In such matters, but the State at large does not seem to look at it in the same way. Hence it has come about that this measure is stock somewhere on its wav, and it is known in inner circles that it will "not emerge. The Chamber of Commerce Wms to have influence now in such matters, where formerly it was an outsider. It has taken a quiet hand, and to that may 1k attributed in a very considerable degree the failure of the harbor control bill to get anywhere. Supervisors vs. Harbor Board The Board of Supervisors has locked horns with the Harbor Board over a strange matter. Most of theChina basin area that was condemned by the State and recently taken over in accordance with a decision rendered by the late Judge Seawall consists of water lots which will have to be filled. It will then make desirable industrial or commercial sites. Hut the State is prohibited by statute giving long term leases, and concerns that are desirable will not establish themselves where their tenure is not secure. There ars rep resented to be some twenty concerns willing to consider the State's siteif they can obtain term leases. Consequently a bill has been introduced removing the statutory inhibition. This has aroused the Board of Supervisors,, who make the point that it is wrong to tie up city projterty and are active at Sacramento against the measure. Supervisor Welch is the leader in the opjwisition. Supervisor Welch is up for re-eleection, and those who would like to see a long lease of desirable waterfront made possible say that he is in need of an "issue." The Rumor Season Is Here Now rumors are beginning to circulate to the effect that tthe mayor is wavering about standing for another term. That is the way it was a year ago in the gubernatorial campaign. Itwill be remembered that his candidacy for a third term has not been definitely announced. In fact, it cannot be said to have been tentatively annouced. That which has been said is somebody's conclusion, and if it should turn out that he does not run it can be maintained withperfect truth that he has never said otherwise. What gains attention for these rumors is that they do not appear to come from proponents of other candidates, ajid are not in spired by a wish to see Rolph out of the field. One circumstance that some areinclined to regard as justifying a hesitancy is such declaration as that of P. H. McCarthy, that he knows whom he would support in the event that the mayor should not be a candidate, and that is Andrew Gallagner. As for himself, P. H. takes the same ground that Secretary McAdoo did that he has to look out for his family and can't afford to linger along the political way. McCarthy is the father of eight, and is understood to have" a full realization of his responsibility in that relation. Political Outsiders In the city hall discussions of the forthcoming municipal election you may hear something as to "outside" candidates. This or that man's chances may be dwelt upon; his affiliations, record and general eligibility may be gone over; -but if he is an "outsider" he is regarded as having no show. An '-outsider" is one. who is without the pale of organized 'labor. It is accepted as foregone that nobody has a chance who cannot command support from this source. ThafMs why no aspirant from the mercantile or taxpaying class makes serious effort, or is put npby the dass which he-might represent. That is why former Mayor Schmitz looms on the horizon so threateningly to those who are already in place.. It is believed by some who are acquainted with the situation that he is a strong in labor circles as he ever-was ; that fie retains his old-time prestige, with the ranks bet-. ter organized than they were when -he was In the saddle. But while there is always a general combination against "outsiders," there is a good deal of rivalry within the ranks. Thare are times When members of the municipal board, foe, instance, engage in the most overt controversies, which may be succeeded by other periods of extreme amicability. In the shifting phases jxJliti-cal interests may run side by side that but a very short time before were widely divergent; which accounts for the many apparent combinations of mose wno may nave appeared to be fiercely an tagonisac but a short time before. Something is to be said for the man who can handle such a situation, and that the mayor has succeeded so well for two terms very naturally encourages the belief that he" is equal to a third. ' If the ultimate goal was attainable through the dominance of city politics there might not be so much question; but a senator must be elected by the entire State, hich alters the proposition materially About the Gallaghers A long time ago I indulged in a dissertation on the Gallaghers. They had done something the Gallaghers are always doing something but this was some particular tiling that made a good story, though I cannot recall what it was. However, the reference to them was entirely respectful, as it is to bo in. this instance. The Gallaghers are unusually to the fore again. .There is no doubt that George, president of the Board of Education, is'to make a try for the sheriffs office. He is a very especial protege of the mayor, and therefore it is accepted that his ambition has the adminis tration sanction. As the head of the school de partment he starts off with a force of 1700 teachers. Nobody is likely to underestimate thepolitical strength that resides in such a force, every mem-Iter of which is an adept as a propagandist. -Dr. Gallagher, brother of George, who has been acting coroner during Dr. Leland's absence on military service, with a gentleman's agreement to' step aside upon the warrior's return, is about the only Gallagher in the municipal administration who does not perform entirely true to name, ne is understood to have been indifferent Jo the political possibilities of the official connection which he has maintained. Never did a thing to anchor himself or gain an advantage hgainst future possibilities. In fact, apjieared to be willing, and even desirous, of returning to private practice, in which he is understood to be efficient. "Andy." who is not related to George and the doctor, is the orator of the Gallaghers, and it may be said, is quite ap parent on all public occasions as we)l as in the ' sessions oft he municipal board, of which he is a rurtnber. It can be safely said that he Would not push away the mayoralty should it be tendered. He was a candidate at the last election, and for-mer Mor McCarthy has proclaimed it on the housetops that he is for Andy this time if so be that he shall run. Situation as to Car Lines Financiers explain that the sharp rise iu United Railroad first mortgage sinking fund 4 per cent bond certificates is due to the success in financing the Sutter street bonds. These were in -great danger of going by default, owing to the strike. jitney competition, municipal administration's hostility, etc. Should the bond holders have fore closed, the beginning of the end would have been reached. Now it is believed there will be a breath ing spell that will enable a sale to the municipality of the whole system to be carried out. The United Hail road and the municipal administration are equally desirous that such a transfer shall be made. The railroad people would like to get out of a bad situation which has become general to all street railroads through the gradual adoption of municipal ownership; and the city would like to own all the lines in the city for legitimate reasons, and also to head off the big suits that have been brought against it by the United Railroads for damages in having paralleled its tracks, and which there is an uncomfortable possibility of the plaintiff winning. TheEii Department The greatest political force in the city is the fire department The police department has a credit that way, but the fire department must be awarded the palm. The police department at the recent municipal election succeeded in getting aa amendment to the charter carried whereby their pay is to be increased ?20 ; but the fire department not only carried a similar amendment, but another, the "two platoon" measure, practically doubling the fire-fighting force ; and this in the face of opposition from the chief-of the department and the Chamber of Commerce. A fireman's berth is some job nowadays. He gets 120 sx month, arid after July 1 he will get fl40. If he belongs to the night platoon he earns his money, as might be said, by going to the engine hpuse and going to bed. - Barring the exigency of a fire his labor is serene. The day'platoon is un disturbed by the former regulation that tied him up more or less and prevented his going around.l With all that, it will not do to disparage the de partment, because time and again it has justifipdJ itself, and there have been individual instances of heroism that are well remembered. Auto and Train Accidents ". Since the automobile has multiplied so amax-ingly and disputed right of way So frequently , and disastrously with railway engines and cars rail officials have taken . to keeping statistics as to just how accidents of this kind happen. There Is such a tendency to lay all the blame on the railroads that besides affording.important and interesting information, gathering such statistics became- a matter of selt-defense. In the last quartes 6f 1918, out of eighty-three crossing accidents in volving automobiles, about one-third of them re sulted from automobiles running into and striking grains, Instead of trains striking automobiles. The carelessness or indiference of the public is illus trated in the statement that in a year, at 500 grade crossings wnere gates are lowered on the approach of trains, the gates were run into by automobiles. When it is remembered how impatient of delay the average auto driver is, this can be readily believed; but the statement, that out of 89,072 observation tests at highway 1 crossings, more thaiM 6,000 of which were auto vehicles, the drivers of but one-sixth of one per cent stopped and looked in both directions, is more difficult to accept, because it must have been noticed that those out with automobiles do generally look up ana down the track when they arrive at crossing.- Fickert Has Opposition . .JJistrict .Attorney Fickert is to. be a candidate for re-election. .Conditions which-seemed a while ago to make his chauce dubious have now so changed as to make it highly favorable at least in the opinion of Fickert and his friends. Of course, there is a fierce desire On the part of a certain contingent to see him defeated; but the change in the situation is such that it is not con sidered good politics on the part of those wielding great influence to openly espouse such effort. The most prominent aspirant for the place as it looks now is W. A. Kelly, an attorney quite well known to city hall fame and with a Sullivan-Roche connection. He is understood to be favorably regarded by the mayor. In the event of a big on slaught on Fickert his friends say its effect is as likely to be favorable to him as the reverse. Sev eral things have operated to clear the atmosphere that were not expected to happen, illustrating what a game of chance politics sometimes is how things most unexpectedly come around how the mills of the gods finally grind. The Late Ben Stern Beu Stern, who died in the East the other day, was of an old San Francisco family that figured importantly in the history of this city. The elder Stern, up to the eighties, was the landlord of the Nucleus hotel. The later generation may be interested in a side explanation Jo the effect that the Nucleus hotel occupied the site of the present Hearst building. The Sterns, after quitting the hotel business went into real estate though Ben branched off into the management of amusements. He became the lieutenant of the late Marcus Mayer, and his activities were mostly in the East and Europe. He managed Pattt on her several farewell tours, and was identified with the firm of Schoeffel, Abbey & Gran, leading impresarios of what might be termed the Golden Age of opera in the United States that time when the great song birds were in flight, and when, their appearance meant a fortune shelled OHt by every city in-which .At- t ml r-i i i - . iuey appearea. xne csterns wno remained in business here had great success in the real estate business till the slump occurred. It will be n remembered that Henry Stern, a few years ago, committed suicide at the Olympic Club, and it was understood at the time that things had not latterly been prosperous with him: Japanese . Prima Donna -' Senator Phelan will have further provocation against the Japanese because Mheir-taking up Occidental music-anterpretation. Opera is a field that they have not hitherto ventured in, but now we have Hana Shimozuma, a Japanese girl recently 'graduated in Italy, who comes forth seeking public favor on strictly Caucasian lines. Japanese generally are not noted for the depth, of tone that is requisite in opera. That this girl ha? overcome that racial limitation, as well as disapproval on the part of her1 people, not to mention the prejudice to be counted on from Americans, is sotrfething notable. She appeared at the Palace hotel Sunday, and demonstrated her ability to sing in, English,- Italian, French and, of course, Japanese, .doing selections from "Madame Butterfly" in the latter. She promises to be in music what essue Hayakawa is in the film drama. It 1s be lieved she will have to find her field in the East or Europe, for there is a prejudice here that will be difficult tdv overcome. - i End of Symphony Season The eighth symphony seasob came to a dose, last Sunday. It may have been said to have euded in a blaze of glory, banks of flowers being passed to conductors and. performers. San Francisco has been fortunate, with her symphony organization, having kept it up through the war's distractions ""thout any of the embarrassing experiences that haracte phonies. It is not known to the general public what the plans are for the future, but if is unof ficially stated that the next season will be under the same management, wlxn Alfred Hertz as con duct. ' The past year , has seen the successful aunching her of other, syuipb ony, eoierprises al least two of. which have gone on for months. How it is done is one of the mysteries to the music world. .With popular prices, unpopular hours for the performances Sunday before noonand the privilege of a movie show into the bargain, how symphony performances of classic selections, with sixty performers most of whom play in the big symphony, can be maintained is certainly something to ponder over. The fashionable symphony .season runs short many thousands every year, while these must make their Wn way. Dietetics and Exploration Stefansson's talk at the Bohemian Club evinced his scientific bent and his disposition to determine points at issue for himself. Nothing "happens" in his cosmography. He has found that so many things, accepted with no better warrant than, tradition, are fallacious that he takes nothing for granted. An Arctic explorer would hardly be expected to become an expert dietician from obser vations en route; yet Stefansson disproved some theories and established some truths that must be highly valuable to science. Fresh meat, especially raw meat, is a surer preventive of scurvy than preserved vegetables, and a certain cure for it. An explanation, involving knowledge of food elements and alimentary requirements, made this so plain that. the wonder is that it is not'common knowledge. Incidentally the Scott Antarctic disaster'was referred to, and the information imparted that it was primarily due to scurvy, though it was denied at first that scurvy existed in the expedition. Interesting was Stefansson's dissertation on teeth. Aborigines, if they are sequestered, have good teeth. When they partake of the foods of civilization their teeth begin to give way. The explorer remembers neanng nis mother, a native of Iceland, tell of the first cases of toothache that' came to her knowledge. The ailment was npt understood. Scientists engaged in research work in Iceland exhumed and examined bodies that had been sepulchered hundreds of years, and in no instance were decayed teeth found. It was only when trade brought new foods and different customs, and that within a century, that dentists made their appearance of were re quired. There may be a tendency to compare Iceland with the Arctic regions which Stefansson has been exploring. If so it is decided error. Iceland's climate compares favorably with that of some lands where tourists go to bask in greater com fort than they would enjoy in their regular habi tat Iceland has a civilization that is very ancient. Records that have been preserved show that in the dark ages it was at least abreast in the sciences with European peoples, and out in advance in some particulars. Muskox for Beef While Stefansson was here he was a guest of W. H. Metson. Metson entertained Amundsou on his visit, and in general has a wide acquaint ance with those who fare into the boreal.regions of the earth, exploratively or commercially. Jafet Lindeberg, brother-in-law, knows more of the commercial Arctic, perhaps, than any other man hereabouts. He is a native of Norway, born within the Arctic circle. He was one of the pioneers in the Nome region. Being on the ground when the gold discoveries' were made in 1897, and being of an energetic character he was able to realize advantage from the fact. He acquired large and varied interests there which he goes every year to conserve. Naturally he finds much that is congenial in Stefansson, and is able to understand and appreciate his work to a much greater degree than those who know, nothing from i experience of the country and its natives. Linde-'' berg speaks the Norwegian, Russian, German, English and Lapp languages. Before leaving his native land he assisted in translating the Bible into the language, of the Lapp, a task specially difficult owing to the absence of words corresponding with some that were translated from. -Stefansson has now gone to the southern part of , the State. In the near future he will go to Ice- j land on the invitation of scientific bodies there; ; but he is already planning another Arctic trip, j He is much impressed by the immense grazing do- i main that lies beyond civilization, yet which, is capable of sustaning herds sufficient to solve the meat supply, iteinueer xnnve anywnere m me snow country; but the muskox iS-Still in a wild state, though Stefansson thinks it can be domesticated. , Being sluggish, however, it is in danger of extermination. It is to exploit the grazing possi-1 bilities that.be is. to make this, next' Arctic trip. The era pf meat, production from the prairies of the United .States is over" It" 1s believed to be practicably to traflsfer the theater to the far north, and to substitute reindeer, aid muskox for steers. Has Californian Interests Not all those in California who are seriously interested ia Christian Scierice are aware that Lamonte Rowland, the storm center of the contro versy in that organization, is extensively identified with California, and general Pacific Coast" interests. He is oneof the business magnates of . Nome, and largelyconcerned r in-the- lumber-i n- ne also has extensive Louis- iana lumber interests the Southern pine industry . that has attained such large proportions. Row- land" is the treasurer of the"publishing branch qf the denomination, which has been very prosperous. , Just what the trouble is cannot be determined by statements- of r the parties: to,j whohave managed to keep it reasonably to themselves and seem to Save the intent to thresh it out in their own. circle. , :' K:.v.:iV.. ?'X.;'- ;V '. ' . . : . the-'knave. 1 A. 1 '.'
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