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The Press from Christchurch, Canterbury, New Zealand • 2

The Pressi
Christchurch, Canterbury, New Zealand
Issue Date:
Extracted Article Text (OCR)

fone 13 in Governor's determination to plant sparingly and airrad find that oats havo boon sown on land under ordinary circumstances would have put in with wheat 0686 Gkaix Tease WnxAT-has riianged but slowly during tlio past month TOth-fl exception of a few thousand bushels piachased north of Kaiapoi for shipment millm too trade to thorn selves Till tlie I liave lately visited a qnany Bay on the property of Mr Hudson and now winked on a large eerie by Mr Fester The facings of tlie beds were strongly impregnated with iron but these being removal and having worked well into tlie inner beds or layers no sign of it can be seen At first I conjectured that after exposure for a time it might probably discover jffMf but it is not so Tliis stone is roast like tW termed freestone of any I lusve yet met with capable of being sawn and worked into every variety of form and from its texture and even tint I tliink it highly commendable It may be obtained of ally sixo and that to very large dimensions But the stone of all others tliat I have soen in this province and which can be highly recommended for ita many good qualities is one found upon tlie same property Tlio croppings of this stono arc quite perfect and even polished by atmospheric action Here is a proof of its durability: it is a conglomerate of a poorly tint beautifully and regularly intermixed with specks of hornblende and when brought to an even surface is remarkably liandsomo It is also capable of being wrought into every fanciful form curies a beautiful arris can be worked up in about one-third tlus time required for tho grey stone and the cost delivered in Christchurch quite as little if not Ion than any other stone Fine specimens of this stono can be seen at the yard of Mr Mollett Builder Oolombo-strcet and when at the quarry tlie other day I saw a block ten feet long three feet wide and two feet two inches depth and the next layer would give out fer burger blocks Tho proprietor is now making arrangements for too transit of blocks of largo dimensions into the market and I trust ere long wo ahull bo able to boast of our solid columns with tlieir capitals beautifying sonic noble publio building And why not? There is too material there is the energy to procure and supply and it only remains for capitalists to came forward and encourage such enterprising men then instead of our wooden walls which sooner or later may bo consumed by a devouring fire or fallen a prey to decay a style of building shall roploco them tliat will defy tlie fearful element and which even tho ravages of time will onfy tend to beautify Might I here exprem a wish that the Provincial Geologist would publish for the fafirnnafinm of thosqlcN initiated in that science a description of tho component- prat of too different stones alluded to 1 hover no doubt ho lias in his possession specimens of each My solo interest bring the public good I trust these few ranaiks will be taken kindly and perused for wliot they are worth Yours 8 0 Farr Architect Licli field-street Otli June 1863 :2 0-' iiiii iimiCniKT too Ion of human life Wpuld bo something fcsrfiil to hkamannor niiHiwi 'to cease tho machines would be as badly off or even worse Tho fed is thatour in S' toioili an inseparable from theirs aadthein from ours neb is dependent upon the other for benefits and until tlie reproductive fir ofthe iwinM have been developed in a twniMWi hich we ore hardly yet able to conceive they an entirely dependent upon sum for evon the continuation of their species It is true that these organs may be ultimately developed inasmuch as man's interest lies in that direction then is nothing which our initiated nee would more de-aire than to seo a fertilo union between two steam engines it is true that machinery is oven at this present time employed in begetting machinery in becoming the parent of machines often after its rwn hind but tho days of flirtation courtsliip and matrimony appoor to be very remote and indeed can liardly bo realised by onr feeble and imperfect imaginations Day by day however tho maehinos are gaining ground upon us day by day we ore becoming move subservient to them more men ore daily bofond down as slaves to tend them more men are daily devoting the energies of tlieir wliole lives to the development of mechanical life Tho upshot is simply a question of time but that the time will come when the machines will ludd the real supremacy ovor tho world and its inhabitants is what no person of a truly philosophical mind can for a moment question Our opinion is that war to the death should be instantly proclaimed against them Every machine of every sort should bo destroyed by the well-wisher of his species Let there bo no cx- oeptionsmade no quarter shown let us at onco go book to tho primeval condition of the nee If it be urged that this is impossible under the present oondition of human aHhirs this at onco proves that tho mischief is already done that our servitude has commenced in good earnest that we Lave raised a race of beings whom it is beyond onr power to destroy and that wo ore not only enslaved but are absolutely acquiescent in our bondage For the present we will leave this sutyect which wo present gratis to the members of the Flulosophioal Society Should they consent to avail themselves of tho vast field which we have pointed out we shall endeavour to labour in it ourselves at sang fttfure and indefinite period Ism8ir do CnxAxrue V'- ypTWa wera asked by a krined brother philosophrewhoteir this srtiele in what we maaiat ly aDuding to rariimontaiy oigan in machines Could we he asked give any example of auch organs? We pointed to the little protube-ranoe at the bottom of the howl of onr tobacco pipo This orgsnwas originally designed fer the same purpose as the rim at the bottom of a tea-cup which is but another form ofthe Amotion Its purpose was to keep the heat of the pipe from marking the table on which treated Originally si we have aeon in very eerfy tobacoo pipes this prata-benro was of a very different shape to what it is wnr Itwms broad at the bottom and flat so that while the pipe waa bring smoked thebowi might teat upon the table Use and disuM has here pome into pfay sad served to reduce toe Amotion That these FEMALE HOME 1 to nut union OT mu flya I was much interested by an article which appeared in the a few weeks ago on the sutyeet of a Female Home and I am glad to find by your exoellent article to-day that people are olive to the necessity for an institution of tho kind inthisplace I would however give one piece of advice inod-dition to that which you have already given to the promotion of tin's scheme I find that it is proposed to raiso the magnificent sum of £3000 in order to set the institution going The effect of acting oh toe proposal I feel assured will be either that tho scheme will fail altogether or that it will seriously interfere with Other plans already afloat and so do moro liarm in othor directions than it wOl do good in its own Many persona will witoold their support if it were only on the ground that they must keep tlieir own help for other things which will suffer by tlie magnificence of this scheme I believe it will bo found that a building costing £500 or £000 would be amply sufllcicnt for present necessities and a sum of £400 would do oil that was required to provide furniture and outfl £100 or £150 more might bo woutod for the purchase of a site My advice therefore is that tho ladies keep their enthusiasm within bounds and before embarking on tlieir excellent undertaking cut down tho proposed sum to be raised to a reasonable amount of £1000 cw £1200 They will find that many of those who will now tfriivl glnof nr look upon too scheme with colduefs win then go as heartify into it as they will do themselves I am A Hoxi Friend Christchurch June 12 1863 BUILDING STONE IN CANTERBURY TO TIIX EDITOR OF THE PRESS Sir Without too slightest pretension to toe science of geology permit me through your medium to make a few remarks relative to tlie several stones now being brought into the field for building purposes and should they prove worthy of criticism I trust it wOl be dono by a thorough geologist that tlie publio may thereby be benefited and my role aim brought into effect Much may bo done I am aware by artificial moans in testing tlie different qualities of stono and valuable information lias been tlie result still in many cases they have proved to bo very inadequate in comparison to tlie test of a changeable atmosphere Tako too stone for instance used in building tho houses of Parliament and there we have a proof that was artificially tried by all the means that could bo brought to hear upon it by the highest talent the world possessed in such matters and yet liow imperfect that enquiry and how false fhoir decisions hare proved There is no doubt that stone must eventually become tho principal material in onr structures and having arrived at what may be termed the transition state it will give me much pleasure to have my remarks oorrocted or substantiated by some person thoroughly acquainted with the It is my opinion that in order to form a correct judgment of tho quality of stone which has not beenproved by experience an examination of it in its native tori more particularly those ports termed the croppings is essentially necessaiy I it is there that it lias recoived the strongest natural test it con over bo pnt to exposed as it must have been for many years to the action of the atmosphere with all its varied dements Tho stone that has withstood the ravages of this combination of foroes may be relied upon for any and every purpose required in building A knowledge of this is especially desirable when recommending the material to the public for general use The lava volcanio matter or what has been erroneously termed porphyry needs but a cursory remark for when wrought and placed so as to be sulgoot to theaction ofthe atmosphere it so rapidly decomposes (of which wo have existing proofs) that it is to be avoided for any purpose whatever in buildings There is also wlint is commonly called grey-stone of which there ore varieties some are totally unfit for buildings of a superior description bring subject to disintegration when exposed still they can bo used for any interior works or even rabble walls to advantage with respect to cost Then the sandstones of which there are several arieties t)f these also there are some quite unfit for a foundation or any other part of a building where it might be aulyeefc to the change of weather and I would here mention that in the strata of sandstones marked with stripes or veins although they might be preferred for ornamental work by reason of their beauty the action of water ou the iron which these eolpred ports contain eausas rapid decay 5s for best white and -1 3d to 4s 6d for red tlio ruling prico about tliat time a demand fo seed caused loss to appear in the market rod 8s 3d was obtained for best seed samples wliichwe scarce millers having purchased everything tW could to tlie extent of their storage Our but market day Saturday June 6 wm an unusuafy fino day and but few farmers made their ippeaN once wheat was not offered freefy but ve no reason to quote an advance 131 the following report was handed us Millcvs1 Good wheat scarce and sellers ore asking higher pricer in eousoquoaco of tho advance in the Austmfan markets They now quota tlio prico 5s fid for best samples and Imre raised the price of flour to £16 per ton in 2001b bugs and £16 10s in 1001b bags" It lias been our pleasing duty before to compliment the millers of Canterbury on thev liberal dealing but now wo can liardly express in sufllriently strong terms our gratitude on the part of the farmers so unusual a thing is it for pur oluiacT or a body of to rase tlie price of the commodity they are purchasing In additition to toe benefit fanners will derive front tlie advanco of 6d per bushel on the small quantity of wheat left in the Province to sell we hope it may induce them to plant moro liberally fer Ae ensuing harvest The rieo of £2 per ton in tbs prico of flour wc leave to tlio consideration of consumers especially as the bakers havo raised the price of bread to lOd tlio 41b loaf Oats Our last month's quotations fer oofs were 5s to 5s Od Soon afterwards a few speculations nusod tlie price for a tiuio to 6a per 401bs this howovor was but of short duration the markets both north and south wore tried and no margin found at that prico A largo quantity of oats are still in store hero Dunedin appears well supplied from California and so long as that is the caso there is no chance of rise Fanners am now getting tired of holding for high prices end oats arc offered niioro freely good clean samples are wrath Gs choice sorts 6s Gd but ordinary feed oats readily clrange 1 umds at 5s Gd per bushel of 401bs Building Timber at the Wharves Now Zealand boards and scantling 25s to 38s per 100 feet tongued and grooved 35a You Land scantling frill cut 25s ditto 4 2 (running) 18s ditto 3x2 14s to 15s Triing feet 80s to 32s per 100 5 feet 26s to Sfh 8hingles scarce 32s to 35s per 1000 Bricks £4 10s to £5 per 1000 slates countess £16 to £18i dutclieto £24 per 1000 rough stone 27s cubic yard stono piles 2 feet 2s 6d each 13 inches Is 9d each 12 inches Is id cucli Mr Jenkins of the City Saw Mills reports square timber yellow pino logs Baltic dcab 9 3 and 11 3 and battens 7 2 none fa the market but in great request for tlio use of tlie niilL Hitherto tlie whole of our timber had to bo imported ready manufactured or bo manufactured here at a great expenso by hand labour but fee proprietor of the above mills has gone to a gnat expenso in fitting up machinery for all kinds of wood cutting boring turning flooring moulding mortising tenoring relating tonguiug and grooving and fa now capable of turning out a large quautity of work daily Wo liave had occasion before to notice tlio high rents asked and obtained for houses in and about Christchurch and have often wondered tliat some enterprising individuals did not speculate in build ing more largely to meet tho wonts of tlie pubfe It is true buddings increase rapidly and farg0 quantities of timber are used but its present high price deters many from building who would otherwise be glad to get more comfortable homes Wo had liopod to giro accurate return of tho qu1 tifgr of timber landed at tlio wlmrvcs during the fast month especially ns the trade is confined to a few merchants but we are sorry to say that among the few we found only one gentlemen who sufleinitfy liberally minded to tell as the quantity received but wo believe we are under tlie mark fa estimating the total quantity at 600000 fectdinrfag tho Jairt month With tlio exception of soioe the American cwgo jut arrived the greater po" fteport Undo during the last month may bo reported as more quiet than usual The exports in produce having been remarkably small for this Him of year In imports only one English vesqpl tlie Sebastopol lias arrived bringing passengers equal to 280 statute adults and a frill cargo of merchandise the Heather Bell from Sydney Atlantic from Boston and the Gothenburg from Melbourne with several smaller vessels coastwise have also arrived with general merchandise The Fanny Fisher Cruliiin and Harriet Anmtngo have also brought us about 1000 tons coal but on the whole imports for too last numtli havo been less than usual Since our last report we havo been favored with unusually fine weather just rain inngl bas fallen to enable farmers to carry on their customary autumn sowing and yet it lias been dry enough to keep the land in a most healthy state Already a large portion of wheat and oats is planted with evciy prospect of an abundant yield next harvest Farmers acknowledge tliat land liaa never boon in a more healthy state at this time iff year for many years past toa it is at present but we foar the dry mhwump ln vented any largo breadth of new land bring broken upt and unless some exertions are made between this and the spring the breadth of wheat sown will be unusually short Our fanners eon tinuolly suffering frmn toe want of some system in their cultivation an average breadth of all sorts of grain grown regularly would in a course of years be found to pay best and keep markets steady but the general practice has been to sow most of the particular grain that lias paid best the preceding harvest Thu year for instance because wheat has realised less ton any other grain in the market there appears to bo a genera are rarer in machinery ton in animal lift of toohumaa tp the more prompt action as compared with the operation of natural seloc-tkn Man may make mistakes in toe kng nm nature never does so We have onfy given an imperfect example hut the intelUgsnt reader will tappfy himself.

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