The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on January 1, 1954 · Page 9
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 9

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Friday, January 1, 1954
Page 9
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WTDAY, JANUARY 1, 1954 BMTHEVII.LE (ARK.) COURIER NRWS PAGE NWB REVIEW »• FORECAST Fertilizer Use and Earliness County Agent Subject Study By KEITH BILBREY and H. H. CARTER North Mississippi Cairily Extension Agents The question often arises as to just what effect commercial fertilizers have upon earliness of cotton. Before discussing the effect of fertilizer upon earliness, it should be recalled tha i fertilizer is only one of several factors affecting earliness of cotton. Variety, spacing, date of plantin * Boil type and drainage conditions Some of these things often h»v i much greater Influence than d fertilizers, Effect! of Fertilizer Established The following effect* of fertilize elements upon earliness have Ion been known tnd established by cot ton fertilizer investigations in th South: (1) Nltreren used to moderat •mounts, where needed, Increase •arllness by inducing early vege tatire growth. Nitrogen used i large amounts, especially when used (lone, produces excessive vegetativ growth end delay* maturity. <3) Fotwh has, hi general, been found to have no significant eflec on earliness, but where needed,'pro longs the the fruiting period. Often then It an apparent dela hi earliness from the use of potash especially on low potash soils wher cotton is inclined to rust and cu out early. Actually, however, the yield cotton at first picking has not been reduced. The amount of cotton from later pickings has been Increased however. 1^ The potash has caused the plant. to hold their leaves and remain alive longer, thereby prolonging thi period of productive fruiting. Phosphorus Helps (3) Investigators have found that phosphoni tends to increase earli- ne«s of cotton more than do other fertilizer elements. (4) The use of any fertilizer element needed to correct a deficiency and to provide a better balance o: the various fertilizer nutrients in the soil, will give greater production at the first picking as well as greater total yield. This is caused by a quickening In growth of the cotton plants, larger plant growth, and the production of more and earlier bolls, when the needed fertilizer element is supplied. Effect Not Significant Here There was no significant effect on earliness of any of the fertilizer treatments in 14 cotton fertilizer demonstrations conducted" by extension cooperators in North Mississippi County in 1952 and 1953. Taking an average of the demon' Btrations, however, all fertilizer treatments (with the exception of 80 pounds of nitrogen, 1952) In- l creased earliness slightly. The average percent of the total cotton yield harvested at first picking (a measure of earliness) is given below for the various fertilizer treatments In these demonstrations: Check (no fertilizer) 49.0% 40 Ibs. nitrogen (per acre 51.6 40 bs. nitrogen plus 40 Ibs. phosphoric acid 53.0 40 Ibs. nitrogen plus 40 Ibs. potash 52.J 40 Ibs. each of nitrogen, phosphoric acid, potash 55.0 80 Ibs. nitrogen, 40 Ibs. phosphoric acid, 40 Ibs. potash 50.9 80 bs. nitrogen alone, 1952 only 48.5 These Insignificant differences in earliness do not justify their consideration in the selection of a fertilizer. Only the effect of the fertilizer treatment? upon total yield should be considered. (A report of these dem- onstratiojis is available from the County Agent's Office, BIytheville.) The best possibilities for increas- ^^ _ Output. Low • Prices, Drought Hit Farmer in 1953 Cottonseed Market Studied Decline in Demand Viewed with Alarm By Gorton Council ATLANTA, Ga. — Ways to Increase and strengthen markets for cottonseed products will be studied when some seven hundred leaders of the cotton industry convene here February 1-2 for the sixteenth annual meeting of the National Cotton Council.. The..fact that markets for some of these products have declined poses a serious challenge to the cotton industry, Harold A. Young, North Little Bock, Ark., president of the Council, stressed in an announcement. He added that con- 'erees at the annual meeting would review promotional and research activities in behalf of cottonseed, and recommend programs for 1954. He explained that an aggressive campaign to expand the mellorlne market had been carried out dur- ng the past year. Mellorine is a rozen dessert in which cottonseed oil is used. Eleven states now allow manufacture and sale of the food. "Like margarine a few years ago, mellorine is restricted by a maze f unfair and discriminatory state and federal laws and regulations," 'ie declared. Margarine and mellorine are only wo of the many products made rom cottonseed. Each component if the seed — linters, hulls, meat, ill — has a number of uses. There are hundreds of markets or linters — the cellulose fiber nds which adhere to the seed. They are one of the most important ources of cellulose which goes in- o manufacture of rayon, plastics, acquers, smokeless powder, film, hatterproof glass, liquid cement, oper and many other commodi- es. Linters serve also as padding, ome are spun for use in twine, icks, carpets and gauze. .ocaI Men n Magazine Today's Fertilizer Dealer, a trade ublication, carries a picture- of ack Robinson, farmer and imple- lent dealer, and County Agent ]eith Bilbrey In its winter issue. The picture shows the two men t the site of the National Cotton icking Contest. By DAVID A. MARTIN AP Nemfeature* WASHINGTON—Despite government efforts to hold thing* on an even keel, th* farmer In 1953 had hi* financial troubles. Although production'* total volume was close to the record set in 1933, farm price* declined nearly 8 per cent and farm Income dropped 7 per cent. As a result, less farm machinery, product* were purchased. Farm land values declined and farm debts increased. Fanner* Complain The developments brought complaints from farmer*. Some quarter even predicted a new agricultural depression was just around the cor- ier. A major cause of the setback, which began In 1952, was a sharp reduction In exports of agricultural commodities. Foreign sales declined nearly 30 percent, reflecting increased production abroad and a dollar shortage in countries that would like to buy more. Supplies which otherwise would have moved overseas became surpluses that pushed prices down. Most of the surplus was stored under government price support programs. Drought Severe By the year's end the government had about four billion dollars invested in these supplies and the amount was expected to climb more that five billion dollars before the 1954 crops were harvested. A severe drought complicated the situation. Many farmers in parts of the Midwest, Southwest, South and Par West^-because of poor pastures and feed grain crops- were forced to dump beef animals on the market. This further depressed cattle prices. . The government moved In to help by offering stocks of its surplus feeds to distressed cattlemen at a ' cut rate prices. It also bought a large Falling Exports Add to Woes- One of the important factors contributing to th» farm-price headaches of the nation's growers and the new Republican administration is the sharp dip in the majority of farm commodity exports. A continued dollar shortage among nations which used to import large quantities of our farm ex- ports, »nd an Increase In their own »gricultural output have curtailed their buying from the U. s. During fiscal 1953, farm experts expect a 20 per cent decline in the export of the six basic crops shown below. IMS '« '47 W '» 'SO 'II Jol.- Oct. Postwar exports of corn (Including flour and grain) have been erratic. Record fiscal year was 1990, when 118 million bushels were shipped. In first quarter (July-Oct.) of fiscal 1952, exports dropped about 14 per cent from the corresponding month* In 1851. 1945 '« '47 J 4t '49 '50 'SI Jul.-Oct. Wheat exports including flour and grain rose steadily during postwar period, reaching high of more than 500 million pounds in fiscal 1948. falling down in 1949. but recovering during fiscal 1950 and 1951. But for the first quarter of .fiscal 1952', exports were off 26 per cent from same period in fiscal 1851 1945 '46 '47 '48 '49 '50 '51 Jill.-Oct. Exports of tobacco leaf hit a postwar high of 570 million pounds in fiscal 1946. There was a sharp drop during fiscal 1947, ' ' but a comeback past th« 500 mil- ' i lion pound mark dUring fiscal \ 1951. For the first quarter of i ft5c?l I?52, exports were off ."2 ( per cent. 1 — 1945 '4* '47 'a "49 'SO '51 M. • Ck». j ,94 '44 '47 >« '4 '50 '5 J.I.- Oct. six million bales during fiscal year of 1949, but dropped sharply thereafter. A drop of 47 per cent was registered during firs* quarter of fiscal 1952 from the same period in 1951. 'lard and taliaw). jumped from !463 million pounds in fiscal 1945 'to 1323 million pounds in fiscal [1951. For the first quarter of (fiscal 1952 exports rose 10 per cent over the same 1951 period. 1945 '44 '47 '48 '49 '50 '51 M Oct. ! Milled 'rice exports rose steadily :from 700 million pounds in fiscal ' 1945 to over 1600 million pounds in fiscal 1951—a 75 per cent rise over 1950. First quarter reports of fiscal 1952 indicate a seven ,per cent drop from same period i in 1951. quantity of beef, processed from ower quality cattle forced off drou- ht areas, in a move to bolster prices. "Self-help" Urged The weak cattle market brought lemands from some farm groups hat Ezra Taft Benson, the new Republican administration's sccre- sry of agriculture, set up price upports for cattle. Until then, org- nized cattlemen had voiced sharp pposition to supports. Benson turh- d down the demands, saying there was no practical way of supporting iean animal prices. When the new administration ook over this year, Secretary Bennson told farmers that exslsting federal farm programs would eventually put producers tinder complete government control. ly price supportmeasures, tended to price farm products out of foreign and domestic markets., create; surpluses and bring on undesirable production controls. He urged farmers to develop "self-help" programs that would reduce the role of government. Some farm leaders and Congressmen including a few members of his own party, bitterly criticized Benson's ideas and demanded that he resign. President Eisenhower stood by his farm chief. New Program Drafted The level of farm price supports- was the basic point oj controversy. Benson said they were too high..He favored a flexible system under which supports would be high in times of shortages to encourage pro- He said the programs, particular- ' dtiction and low In times of surplus- ing earliness of cotton in North Mississippi County is in early planting, early maturing varieties and adequate drainage. GOOD/YEAR SOLUTION 100 For EXTRA Drawbar Pall Thit exclusive, Gpody«<w method ol liquid weight. Ing addi up to 25% more drawbar pull ... get« ™r» wo 'k dona par hour . . . addi «xtra tractio* to all makes-of tractor tires. Call u« . . . we'll com* lion Too Y ° Ur ' raCt0r tir8 * With Good * ear So1 *- PHONE 2492 FOR QUICK SERVICE USED TRACTOR SALE 23 USED TRACTORS WITH EQUIPMENT es to discourage production. With President Eisenhower's backing and with the help of an 18-member agricultural advisory commission of farm educators and leaders, Benson drafted a new farm program to present to Congress early in 1954. The House Agriculture Committee meantime, made what it called "gras roots" tour through farming areas to get views on form programs. Farmer's idea's of lowering price supports, committee members reported. The year ended with 'prospects of sharp debate over farm legislation during Congress' 1954 session. The results may have farreaching Influence on Republican efforts to win enough seat.i in the vital 1954 elections to continue control of Congress. MacDonald's farm "I THINK HIS iVES WIHt HIS STOMACH^ 1954 looks like a BIG year for everyone. HAPPY NEW YEAR. FARMERS IMPLEMENT COMPANY sincere- hopes the New Year fulfills a promise of progress, peace and prosperity for everyone. We plan on making a great progress in fulfilling our promise of stocking the items you want. FARMERS IMPLEMENT CO. N. HIGHWAY 61- BLVTHZVILLE, AKK. Call or Write For Full Particulars on JONES & LAUGHLIN STEEL CORP. All Aluminum Atlas Irrigation Systems Dealers McCALLA - McMANUS CO. P.O. Box '54, BIytheville, Arkansas, Phone 6832 1. F. McCalU 2600—Nite—A. H. McManus 6747 FARMERS NOW IS THE TIME TO HAVE YOUR COTTON SEED DELINT- ED AND CERESAN M TREATED BIytheville Delinting Co. South Highway 61 FROM UP GOODYEAR SERVICE STORE 410 W. Main Phone 2492 With Cultivators All Makes and Models MISSCO IMPLEMENT COMPANY , South Highway 61 Phone 44341 The BIGGEST selling job in town Here in the • classified section of your newspaper . . . you meet personally those people who are really in the market for what you have to offer. They pead your message because thew want to hire or be hired, to buy, sell, to rent , or to Ho you a service. Within minutes after your paper appears YOU GET RESULTS THROUGH THE WANT ADS! Adi placed before 5 p.m. will appear next day, except for Monday's paper when ads must be placed by noon Saturday. All classified advertising payable In advance. BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS

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