BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OP NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLIX—NO. 238 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily News Mississippi Valley Levitt Blytheville Herald , BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY DECEMBER 30, 1953 FOURTEEN PAGES SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Rejection Seen for Old Age Plan Controversy 1 Due on Social Security Idea By CHARLES F. BARRETT WASHINGTON (AP) —Rep. Kean (R-NJ) predicted today neither the Eisenhower administration nor Congress will adopt a key Republican colleague's plan to pay social security pensions to almost everyone over 65. Rep. Carl T. Curtis (R-Neb), chairman of a social security subcommittee of the House Ways and Means Committee, outlined the far- reaching new program yesterday. It seemed destined tor heated controversy when Congress convenes next week. Kean, fourth-ranking Republican on the Ways and Means Committee, has been an Eisenhower supporter and has taken a special interest in social security. He said Curtis' plan would undermine the social security trust fund. Curtis called in effect for pensions now for all retired persons over 65 years old, and for an increase in the monthly minimum social security benefit from the Hi present |2S to $45. He estimated this would add some five million new aged persons, 870,000 children and 150,000 widows or orphans to the old age retirement and survivors' insurance (OASI) benefit rolls, more than doubling the present number. New Minimum Curtis said the new minimum would increase benefits for more than 1,700,000 aged persons, 300,000 orphans and 100.000 widows already on the rolls. He called for tax contributions from all workers under 65, levied on all types of income. He would let the rate jump from 1!4 to 2 per cent in incomes up to $3,600 annually, paid by workers and employers alike, as scheduled Friday. Hi estimated this would bring more than lO'/a million doctors, lawyers, farmers and others from the present working force into the system. His universal pension plan would end the present dual program of aid to the aged. The OASI program provides retirement or death^ benefits based on contributions 1 from workers and employers. A separate program has provid- '- ed- more than one billion dollars annually in federal welfare grants to some 2's million aged and dependent children, based on their noed. State and local governments also contribute to this program and administer it locally. Would Be States Job Curtis would abolish the federal ' portion of this program, but state and local governments could provide welfare payments to the needy if they wished. Since the ^'elfare program is Included in the regular federal budget, while social security trust fund operations are not, this would give a billion-dollar boost to the GOP drive to balance the regular federal budget. Kean said in on interview it would be "a dishonest approach to let ihe present aged population raid the social security trust sund built up by contributions from workers under the present system for their own future protection." Wilson Terms Armed Forces 'Most Potent' WASHINGTON (ft — American armed forces — equipped with atomic weapons and backboned by air power — are officially termed the most potent ever marshaled by this country "short of war." That's the opinion of Secretary of Defense Wilson, who yesterday turned in his first formal report to President Eisenhower on his conduct of the nation's defense affairs. Wilson dealt chiefly with developments during the "rst half, of this year, but the report also was concealed with the "new look" given U. S. strategy and defense needs by the nation's military leaders. This has resulted In greater stress on air power and ^reported plans to luce the number of men !n Army, Navy and Marine ranks j*s a possible step in this direction, the Army announced yesterday that it is shortening the active duty tours of sonr; 6,000 2nd and 1st 11 tenants who are 'not regulars. Wilson called attention to the success of his team in trimming $5.300,000,000 from the current fiscal year's military budget. Dixie Democrats Lash Defense Contract Plan Two Tankers State Hospital Head Inside Today's Courier News . .. Reiser: Nearln; Us 10th Birthday ... Courier News Photo Feature ... page 7 ... Chicks Dump B»y 70-57 to Get Quarterfinals Berth in Northeast Arkansas Tournament... page . . . Society News . . , Page 4 . , « Crash in Fog; 9 Men Missing Sister Ships Burn After Collision In Delaware River WILMINGTON, Del. 1*1 — An Atlantic Refining Co. tanker seeking safe anchorage in the fog- cloaked Delaware River, crashed nto a sister ship early today, Betting off fires on both vessels. Nine men were, listed as mssing. Eleven of the 41 crewmen aboard .he 10,600-ton Atlantic Dealer were thrown into the river or jumped escape the flames. Hours later only two had been rescued, At- antic headquarters in Philadelphia announced after a muster of the crews had been completed. Company officials said all 46 crew members of the 19,000-ton supertanker Atlantic Engineer were safe. Fires aboard both ships were controlled quickly by the crews. Preliminary reports indicated no serious damage to either vessel and said no crewmen were burned. Both ships were bound for Philadelphia from Texas, the Atlantic Engineer with 218,000 barrels of crude oil and the Atlantic Dealer with 9,000 barrels of gasoline and 114,00(1 barrels of other refined products. Railroads Extend Hay Rate Cuts LITTLE ROCK I/PI—Three rail- •oads which serve Arkansas have extended until March 31 the period during which freight rates on ship- nents of hay into the state's drought areas will be reduced. Gov. Francis Cherry said the .hree are Missouri Pacific, Kansas City-Southern, and the Frisco. Cherry said he was notified today of the extension by the Missouri Pacific. He was told that other roads serving Arkansas probably would follow suit. Under the present arrangement, he federal government pays one ialf of the customary freight rate on hay, and the railroads cut their charges one half of the remainder. The farmer who lives in the drought area thus pays one fourth of the normal charge on hay ship- nents. The arrangement originally was scheduled to expire Nov. 16, but .n extension was granted until to- norrow. Cherry said that 911 cars of hay, or about 15,000 tons, have been ordered for 57 Arkansas counties so far. Seventy of the state's 75 coun- ies have been designated drought areas. Cherry Asks Solons to Fight Health Fund Cut LITTLE ROCK (/P)—Gov. Francis Cherry today said he has asked all members of the Arkansas congressional delegation to oppose any new reduction in federal funds for public health. The governor said he doesn't know of any plans for another cut, but pointed out that federal grants- in-aid for public health have been reduced each fiscal year since 19501951. 340,000 Germans Flee Red Rule BERLIN Ml — The West German Economic Research Institute reported 'oday that 340,000 to 350,000 East Germans flea their Commu- nlst-r".leu' homeland J u'rlng 195S to take refuge In the West. U. S. officials said at the same time that America helped resettle more than'7,000 Iron Curtain refugees In other lands during the year. An additional _I5,000 refugees were given food, clothing, housing arid medical assistance under a program also supported by Aus- lr' Germany, Italy, Greece, Turkey and the Tr-ste territory. | May Get Pay Boost LITTLE ROCK (AP) — A trustee of the Arkansas State Hospital said today the board is trying to boost the salary of the mental institution's superintendent in an effort to get a top man for the vacant post. The superintendent's salary now is set at $11,000 a year by law. However, the holder of the job also draws a free automobile, Reds Said Testing New Mig's WASHINGTON W) — Russia was reported today to be testing six new models of the MIG fighter at Novosibirsk in western Siberia. The report came from American Aviation dally, a trade publication, which quoted "intelligence sources" abroad. It iden- ' tified the planes as the Mig 16, Kig 17, Mig 18, Mig 19, Mig 20 and Mig 21. There was no explanation of how they differed from the iiig 15, the model us ' by tne Communists during the Korean air war The publication also reported that a twin-engine Jet bomber, the E^l^t no^v in f\ 'ti"'tin U Kuibyshev is being tested at Novosibirsk. It said 68 pilots have been killed to date in the test flights at Novosibirsk, probably because they are being "switched indiscriminately" from fighters to bombers. New Blast Of Cold Air Hits State By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A new blast of cold air, which is expected to send the temperature down,to 18 degrees tonight, moved into Arkansas this afternoon. The U. S. Weather Bureau in Little Rock forecast cloudy skies for this afternoon and tonight, with steadily dropping temperatures. The cold weather will continue tomorrow. The 18-degree low was forecast for northeast Arkansas, with lows of 22 degrees expected in all other ;ecti r ns. Last night's low reading was 27 degrees at Payetteville and Camden. Other tninimums included Ar- k:-.delphia, Dardanelle and Bates- vilie 30 degrees; Ozark and Walnut Ridge 32; Plippin and Texarkana 33; El Dorado 35; Little Rock 36; and Pine Bluff 37. Light rains fell in widely scattered areas. Augusta and Camdcn each registered the largest fall, .03 of an inch. Little Rock had .02, and E Dorado, Pine Bluff and Arkadelphia recorded a trace. house and maintenance funds. Harold Hedges Jr., of Little Rock, vice chairman of the hospital's Board of Trustees, said today that the board wants the salary vaised to 515,000 a. year, without the extra benefits. Hedges said ha figure would be necessary if he state is to get either of the two men the board wants for the job, left vacant by the resignation of Dr. C. C. Odom last Nov. 15. Dr. Euclid Smith, chairman of the board, and Hedges will interview the two men next month. Hedges refused to identify them because, he said, neither has applied for the job. "It looks- like the only thing standing in our way is the salary question," said Hedges. He said the attorney general's office has been asked for an opinion on whether money now spent for the auto, house and personal maintenance of the superintendent can be added to the $11,000 salary. Most of City To Be, Closed ^ January J The city clerk's office will remain open New Year's Day while other offices in the city hall will be closed Friday. It is uncertain if the county agent's office will be closed. Other offices in the court house will be closed. All stores, the two banks and the post office will observe the holiday by closing. The offices and business establishments will be open again Saturday. Britons Eye U. S. Business Slump LONDON (IP) — Treasury Chief Richard A. Butler left by air today for Sydney. Australia, where finance ministers of the British Commonwealth will work out ways to cushion their economies against a possible United States business slump. TB Seal Sale In City Brings $3,513 to Date A total of S3.512.99 of th"! $4,500 quota has been raised in Blythe- viile thus far in the Christmas seal fund campaign conducted by the Mississippi County Tuberculosis Association, it was announced yesterday by Mrs. Prances Gammill, executive secretary. A clean-up drive will begin Jan. 1, Mrs. Gammill said. Of the total to date. $1,838.75 came from personal solicitations, $1,320.10 from mail sales, $5812 from Blytheville schools (except Senior High), $127.88 from the Negro division, rnd $169.14 from bangle sales. Total of Federal Employes Down WASHINGTON - There were 2,365,600 civilians employed by the government at the end of November, a drop of 6,000 during that month and a net reduction of about 183.300 since January, the Civil Service Commission reported today. GOSNELL SCHOOL COMPLETED — Shown above is the new elementary school building recently completed and accepted for the Gosnell School District No. 6. The haydite block building cost approximately $75,000. Gosnell School Finished The n e \v $75,000 elementary school building recently completed at Gosnell was inspected and accepted yesterday by W. H. Marak, Arkansas state field engineer. Constructed of haydite blocks and reinforced concrete, the building has large windows on the north and south which affords each room cross-lighting. Utilities which have been installed include incandescent lighting, warm air gas heating, drinking fountains, and modern toilet facilities, New equipment is being installed in each room of the new building, which will accommodate a total of 210 pupils of the first six grades. The building was designed by Wendell M. Phillips of Blytheville and constructed by the following contractors'. McCrory Construction Co., general construction; Jeff Hester Plumbing Co., plumbing and heating; and City Electric Co., electrical work. Bidault Says tyjP Bia 4 Bier Accepted PARIS l*i — Foreign Minister Georges Bidault told the French Cabinet today that Prance, the United States and Great Britain will accept Russia's suggestion (hat the Big- Pour .-rc^n ministers meet Jan. 2n. He also said that the note to be sent to Moscow soon would accept the proposal for n preliminary mec'.ing of the four high commissioners in Germany to discuss the exact place of the meeting. Earlier today. Bidau'lt reported to the National Assembly's Foreign Affairs Committee on the Big Three's Bermuda conference and on President Eisenhower's atomic proposals. He told the commitlee that at Bermuda British Prime Minister Churchill had favored integration oi a West German army into the North Atlantic Alliance, but that he reminded Churchill Prance holds a veto on new members in NATO. He reported also that Eisenhower held the opinion that "an autonomous German army is desirable neither for France, for the United States nor for Germany." Bidault called the Russian reply to Eisenhower's atomic proposals "a fa-Drable element for discussion.'' K'o One to Blame In Leyte Blast, Navy Claims WASHINGTON & — The Navy today said officially it found no one to blame for the explosion aboard the aircraft carrier Leyte in Boston on Oct. 16 which killed 37 men. It said, too, that sabotage had no part. In releasing the findings of a court of inquiry, the Navy said that the 32 military personnel and five civilians met their death through "no intent' fault,, negligence or ineffiency of any person in naval service or connected therewith." Foes Say Idea Aids Northeast AtSouth'sCost By ROWLAND EVANS JR. WASHINGTON (AP) — An Eisenhower administration plan for funneling more government defense work into areas of large unemployment ran into a barrage of heavy criticism from Southern Democrats today, foreshadowing verbal fireworks when Congress meets next week. Sen. Maybank (D-SO accused President Eisenhower of turning his back on his campaign promises. Sen, Sparkman (D-Ala) and Sen. Hill <D-Ala) said the program, set forth again yesterday at the Little White House at Augusta, Ga., violated pledges made by the GOP leadership in the Senate last July. And Sparkman declared it is not true, as Presidential Press Secretary James C. Hagerty said, that "this is the first time a national .dmlnistration has tried to do something" about chronic regional unemployment. Spnrkman said the Truman administration had a "positive and definite program" for cutting defense contracts into areas of labor surplus. In. Augusta, Hagerty declined to comment further when asked about an official policy of the Truman administration, put into effect in 1952, to award defense contracts to other than the low bidders in an effort, to counter unemployment in some areas. Claim First Time Hagerty also said the policy was being announced for the first time, so far as he knew. Actually, it had been outlined In a memorandum by Arthur S. Flemminfr.j defense mobilization director, la.'.! Nov. 4 and made public then. At that time, Flernming named 17 large and 22 smaller metropolitan areas of chronic unemployment as eligible for aid. In its essentials, the policy Is similar to that of the Tniman administration, abandoned last August, to give preference in the award of defense contracts to areas where there is considerable unemployment. Most criticism of it in the past has corne from Southerners who argued that it would rob their textile mills, for example, of government business which would be steered to New England. "Altogether a bad policy and one I have never favored," Sen. George (D-Ga) said. "It's a great mistake and will unbalance industry everywhere." Rep. Lanluun (D-Ga), saying he was "unalterably opposed" to the program, said "Congress never authorized it and it is a definite assumption by the executive department to channel contracts to New England." "Unfair" "Utterly unfair," declared Rep. James C. Davis (D-Ga). Rep. Vinson (D-Ga) termed it "a bad policy." On the other hand, Sen. Saltonstall (R-Mass) said the provisions for liberalized tax write-offs and for setting aside a fixed percentage of some procurement for surplus labor areas "are helpful as far as they go. and I am happy they have president Eisenhower's support." Hagerty said as much as 30 per .cent of some procurement items—army blankets, for example—might be set aside. But Saltonstall added in a statement that the "abandonment of the bid-matching procedure was a blow to the program . . ." He referred to a feature of the Truman policy, not revived, which permitted the government to ask a contractor in a surplus labor area with the most unemployment. Other features include the encouragement of bids from qualified contractors In areas of unemployment, and the encouragement of subcontracts in such areas. Hagerty said announcement of See DEFENSE on Page 5 Feel Bad? It May Be 'Money Sickness' By FRANK CAREY AP Science Reporter BOSTON Wl—Your stomach trou- 3le, headache, back pain or even an irregular heart might actually 3e a form of "money sickness" caused by a virus familiarly known as the dollar. This new wrinkle in diagnosis was reported today to the American Assn. for the Advancement of Science by a Boston doctor. He said various physical (symptoms can sometimes stem from emotion- il upsets which, In turn, can be >rouRhl on by "money problems" >osslble among folks In all Income irackets. "Money-sickness," declared Dr. William Kaufman, is "(he most common psychosomatic illness of our time"—and yet one that is often missed by doctors In seeking the underlying: cause of a physical or emotional symptom. Anyone from a miscv to a gambler and from chronic bargain hunters to "salesmen and executives" who are cozy with their own money but lavishly spend on "their company's expense accounts," are candidates for the malady, Kaufman told the AAA's 120th meeting. And, besides physical symptoms like headache, muscle and joint pains, or stomach trouble, it can take the form ot serious emotional disturbances like hysterical paral- ysis, depression, anxiety states or reactions of "panic." Kaufman, a practitioner of internal medicine, explained il somewhat like this: The trouble doesn't necessarily come from how much money you have or don't have. It comes from the particular "meaning" you have come to place on money— and how you have learned to use it. And it could come from "feel- Ing" you need more money when actually you don't. Furthermore, It all starts back In your childhood—and It. doesn't matter whether your folks were In the heavy chips or had to struggle for every buck. "One of life's major disappointments which almost every child experiences," said Kaufman, "Is that his parents cannot provide him with limitless money . . . "The manner In which a child resolves his early conflicts about money will determine some of his basic, personality and character traits, aspirations and behavior patterns." Parent.il brlhing of kids, substitution of money handouts for real love, or ovcrcrltlcism of R child's every use of money, may establish habits which, If uncorrected, may set the stage tor a "money-sickness" candidate in later life. Advance Look at Ikes Program. Welcomed By EDWIN G. HAAK1NSON WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. Russell (D-Ga) today termed "an excellent idea" President Eisenhower's plan to give an advanced outline of his 1954 program to key Democrats, but the senator made plain he will not pledge blanket support. * And Russell, the unofficial lead- Grand Jury Says Shoulders Lied About Ransom Indictment Returned Against Officer in Greenlease Case KANSAS CITY I*— A federal grand jury says Louis Shoulders, the veteran police officer who nabbed the Greenlease kidnapers, lied in his testimony about the handling of $300,000 ransom money recovered at the time of the arrest. The jury yesterday indicted Shoulders of a charge of perjury, Robert C. Greenlease, millionaire Kansas Cits' automobile dealer whose 6-year-old son Bobby was kidnaped and killed last Sept. 28, paid a record $600,000 ransom. Approximately $300,000 was recovered with the arrest of kid naper Carl Austin Hall and his alcoholic paramour Mrs. Bonnie Brown Heady, who were executed n the Missouri State Prison gas chamber a week before Christmas. The other half of the ransom is still missing. He'll Surrender Henry G. Morris, Shoulders' attorney, said in St. Louis that the former police officer will surrender voluntarily as soon as a warrant for his arrest arrives there. "As soon as we know the marshal has n warrant- we will appear at his office and go before the commissioner in St. Louis for the pur- of making bond," Morris pose said. The Jjiwyer said Shoulders would plead Innocent. Morris added he \vould have to study the indictment before deciding what legal steps he will take in Shoulders' behalf. Shoulders, aided by Patrolman Elmer Dolan. arrested Hal] in a St. Louis hotel room Oct. 6. The veteran officer, who testified before a grand jury that indicted Mrs. Heady nnd Wall, told the jurors the suitcases containing the money were taken promptly to the police station. In its indictment yesterday the grand jury said Shoulders' testimony "as he then and there well knew and believed, was untrue and false in that the suitcases mentioned therein containing ransom money were not taken into the police station at the time and in the manner alleged." Dolan, who was indicted on a charge of perjury two weeks ago, also had testified the suitcases were brought to the Newstead police station along with Hall. Other witnesses, who were in the station at the time Kail was booked, testified they saw no suitcases brought in with him. Police records show Hall was booked at 8:57 p.m. Kansas City and St. Louis authorities declined to say when the suitcases first were reported seen by persons other than Shoulders and Dolan. The St. Louis Post-Dispatch has reported, however, that some policemen at the station said they first saw the suitcases at 11:30 p.m. Resigned in Anger Shoulders, a memoer of the force 27 years, resigned in anger after a St. Louis police board began an investigation into the handling of the money last October. He received his tip that Hall was in St. Louis from a taxlcab driver, John Hager. Hall had hired See SHOULDERS on Page 5 Cherry Delays Slayer's Fate LITTLE ROCK (If)— Gov. Francis Cherry today delayed a decision on the fate of condemned slayer Bill Jenkins. The part-Indian killer has been sentenced to death for the shoot- Ing last year of 16-year-old Clco Jones near Hot Springs. Jenkins' attorney, sta'e Sen. Q. Byrum Hurst of Hot Springs, yesterday asked the governor to commute the sentence to life imprisonment. Another attorney, Creekmore Wallace of Muskogce, Okln . and other Oklahoma residents who have asked to tak with Cherry on the case couldn't attend yesterday's conference. Cherry agreed to hold another mietmg next Wednesday to hear the Oklahomans. i er of a powerful group of Southern Democrats in the Senate, noted In an interview that the almost equal division of Congress in effect gives Democrats a potential veto power over anything the President requests. "There always is politics in Congress during a campaign year under our Democratic system," Russell said. "We'll have an exciting session." Russell is one of the top Democratic congressional leaders invited by Eisenhower to hear a White House preview of his State of the Union message Jan. 5, two days before it is presented publicly to Congress. Congress convenes Jan. 6. "I think It is an excellent idea to discuss these issues that concern everyone, Democrats and He- publicans, with the minority party," Russell said.. But Sen. McCarran (D-Nev) said the Democrats were being called to the White House after the program had been set. "It reminds me of the surgeon who invited a guest in to view the remains and be at the wake,"' McCarran said of the Eisenhower invitation. Sees Changes Sen. Ferguson (R-MicrO, chairman of the Senate GOP Policy Committee, voiced confidence that Eisenhower would make changes In his legislative program to meet any valid objections from the Democrats. I know the President will want to hear what those objections are," Ferguson said. "It will not be too late for changes in the message. The Presidf A Isn't doing this just is a decoy •'•itr something." Russell, however, left no doubt he may oppose some of the things Eisenhower Js expected to ask of the Congress. "It is questionable that we can deal with all the matters floating around," Russell said, noting that presidential commissions have been working on many contromer- sial Issues. He renewed notice he would oppose statehood for Hawaii, already passed by the House and certain to cause lengthy debate if called up 1 n the Senate, as GOP leaders say \ it will be. .; The Georgian offered to support a five-billion-dollar increase in the present national debt limit of 215 billions if Eisenhower says it is lecessary. He said he would oppose a 15-billion increase, asked at the last session and stalled In the Sente. Kerosene Stove Blast Damages House Here The home of Everett Keith at 111 East Sycamore was heavily damaged by fire this morning when a kerosene stove exploded while Mr. Keith was filling it, according to Fire Chief Roy Head. Flames from the stove shot upward and singed Mr. Keith's hands and face while he was pouring the coal oil in the stove. Mr. Keith tried to call the fire department but the fast-spreading flames forced him to leave the phone before he could contact the operator, he said. The front room of the five-room house was gutted when the flames spread up through the ceiling and nto the roof and front porch. Furniture in the room was destroyed. Other rooms of the house were damaged by smoke. The building was owned by wind- field Mick. Weather ARKANSAS — Partly cloudy and colder this afternoon and tonight; lowest 18-28 north and 24-30 south tonight; Thursday fair and cool. MISSOURI—Partly cloudy southeast and extreme east this afternoon, otherwise fair this afternoon, tonight and Thursday; warmer north and extreme west, colder southeast tonight; warmer over state Thursday; low tonight near 15 southeast to 20s northwest; high Thursday 30s northeast to lower 40» southwest. ' • Maximum yesterday—50. Minimum his morning—32. Sunrise tomorrow—7:07. Sunset today—4:59. Precipitation last 24 hours to 7:09 ft. ra. today—none. Mean temperM'trc (midway between igh and low)—41. Precipitation Jan, 1 to ctfctft—39.89. This Hatr t,ist Year Maximum yesterday—64. Minimum yesterd»y—40. Precipitation January i ta <Ut«— 43,00.
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