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TUESDAY. DECEMBER 29, 1953 BLYTHEVILLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS PAGE PIVt Korean TrCice Tops News Stories of 1953; Stalin's • .'..;.' '' ''..->fe Death Ranks Second, Followed by Greenlease Case Seven of Top Ten Events Concerned with Violence By PAUL MICKELSON Associated Pres« General News Editor In the little mud hut village of Panmunjom, a desolate and forsaken place in a strife-torn world, the'most momen tous story of 1953 was written. There, on July 3«, the hard-bar " gained Korean armistice, an uneasy truce that stopped the slaughter of hot war in a dangerous atomic age, was signed. It ended 37 months of killing that exacted a toll that hurt nil over America — 25,604 Americans killed, 7,955 missing with many of them feared victims of unspeakable atrocities, and 108,718 wounded. A heartache that prolonged war's Agony in many homes was the fate of 32 American boys, who either because of deep convictions or because of relentless brain washing, •till had to make up their minds whether to come home or to stay perhaps forever behind the Iron Curtain. Newsmen, participating in the annual Auociated Pre» poll to determine the It outstanding stories of the year, chose the Korean truce » the biggeit newt of the year ol headlines that found leven of the top U concerned with death and violence. Only th* tudden death of Joieph Stalin and the succession to his power In Riuela by Georgi Ma- lenkor came close to the truce story In the balloting. It wasn't the death of the man but what the free world hoped would happen that made Stalin's death a tremendous news story. The 73- year-old Russian dictator, who dom- nated a third of the world's peo- |!es. died March 5. Death followed "» brain hemorrhage, said the announcement, which pleaded for unity. Free world pulses quickened in expectation of either a revolution in Russia or a drastic change in policy as Malenkov imprisoned Lavrenty P. Beria, head of the Soviet blood purge police under Stalin. But Soviet stiffening returned. Except for occasional concessions, the cold war was back in the deep freeze stage of Stalin's days. The kidnap-ilayinr of Bobby Greenlease of Kansas City, a crime that shocked the nation, was the third biggest story. The story of how the 6-year-old boy was kid- naped from an exclusive Catholic school and brutally murdered even as his frantic 71-year-old multimillionaire father gathered the requested record-breaking . ransom of $600,060 probably had more emotional Bobby impact Franks than the famous kidnap-murder of the twenties in Chicago. The Franks case was one of perversion and sadism; the Greenlease kidnap and murder by a dissolute playboy wastrel and his alcoholic mistress was an outrage of brutality. Carl Austin Hall and Bonnie Brown Heady, his mistress, received the death penalty as aroused Missouri justice moved in record time. Elizabeth II was crowned queen in June. It was the first coronation of » woman since Victoria 116 years ago, and newsmen ranked the glorious accession as the fourth biggest story of 1953. More people than ever before saw Britain's queen crowned because of the modern wonder of television. Spy hunters were active all year and getting headlines, but it wasn't until November that the greatest hue and cry was raised. On Nov. 6, in an unheralded speech before a businessmen's club in Chicago, Attorney General Herbert Brownell accused former president Harry Truman of appointing the late Harry Dexter While to a high govern ment post despite an FBI report that White was a Communist spy. Truman, rejecting a subpoena by the House Un-American Affairs Committee, made a dramatic denial over national TV networks, called Brownell a liar and denounced what he termed "McCarthyism" without naming the Wisconsin senator. Joseph B. McCarthy. The din of charges and countercharges, climaxed by the appearance of FBI Chief J. Edgar Hoover in testimony to support Browne]!'5 charge that the white House had been warned about White, was the fifth biggest story of the year. Dwight David Eisenhower became America's 34th president on Jan. 20 but newsmen ranked that Three Repeat Winners in 1953 Poll to Name Top Personalities Repeat winners, a tie in the field of science and an interesting development in the entertainment balloting disting- uished.the 1953 poll of newspaper and radio editors conducted annually by The Associated Press. John Foster Dulles was first* chosen the outstanding personality in foreign affairs in 1951 when he was working: with the Democratic administration in the diplomatic field. Now, two year* later, at »ecre- tary or state in the first Republican administration In £• years, Dulles is apain awarded the honor. A Republican, a church leader and an international lawyer. Dulles has been prominent in foreign affairs since 1945 when he helped set up the United Nations in San Francisco. Trailing Dulles in the ballottnr were Sir Winston Churchill, British prime minister, and Konrad Adenauer, West German chancellor. Two others to repeat their previous awards are Bishop Pulton J. Sheen in religion and Henry Ford II in business and industry. Bishop Sheen, a Roman Catholic, ;as chosen last year, the first time the field of religion was put on the. aallot. A top radio and TV personality through his "Life Is Worth Living" program, Bishop Sheen was closely followed in the voting by Methodist Bishop G. Bromley Ox- am. Ford, at 36 the youngest man voted a place this year. Is an old timer in the poll. He was selected in 1946, 48 and '49. President of the Ford Motor Co. and chairman of the fam- John Foster Dulles: Foreign. Affairs ily endowed Ford Foundation, Ford was named a U.N. delegate this fait. Last year's business winner, Secretary of Defense Charles E. .Wilson, was second. Editors voted a tie in science. Dr. Jonas E- Salk. 38-year-old director of the virus research laboratory at the University of Pittsburgh, shares the honor with Dr. Alfred C. Kinsey of the Institute for Sex Research at Indiana University. Dr. Salk developed a polio vaccine and Dr. Kinsey published his 842- page "Sexual Behavior in the Human Female." ^Bishop Fulton J. Shten: Religion 1>r. Kinsey also got votes In the literature field, In which Sir Winston Churchill won by a landslide. Churchill, 1953 Nobel Prize winner in literature, published a sixth volume of his memoirs this year. In labor, editors selected Martin Durkin over Walter Reuther, CIO head, by a narrow margin. Durkin, the only Democrat in . the Eisenhower cabinet who supported Adlai Stevenson in the presidential cam- 1 paign, resigned in September as. secretary of labor. He said the j President had broken an agreement to press for Taft-Hartley Act i Sir Winston Churchill: Literature amendments, a charge the White House denied. Durkin returned to his old job ns president of the AFL plumbers and steamfitters union. Casey Stengel, sage skipper of the New York Vankees and only manager to pilot a baseball team to five consecutive world championships, was tops In the sports. In entertainment, redheaded Arthur Godfrey, who touched off a raging controversy when he fired his singer .Julius LaRosa, during a radio and TV program, came in ahead. Interestingly enough, his runnerup was — Julius LaRosa. story sixth as against No. 4 for )uecn Elizabeth's coronation .His nauguration brought to an end a 20-year era of Democratic rule and embarked the GOP on its "Great Irusade." Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, si- lent and without emotion to the end, died in Sing Sing's electric chair June 19 for betraying atomic bomb secrets to Russia. Perhaps the 'longest continuing: story of the year, it was ranked seventh by newsmen. On July 31, Senator Robert Alphonso Taft of Ohio dfed, victim of a relentless cancer thai ravaged like wildfire. His death stunned the nation, and political friend and foe alike paid the great Republican leader unstinted tribute for his hon- esty and service. It was the eighth biggest story. Bei'ia's ouster was rated the ninth biggest story and the Berlin rioting and food giveaway program, which, probably quickened his downfall, rated 10th. Suspense, HifchcocMultan Of Likes 'em Tough Latest Hiro Spends Film Encased In Plaster Cast By BOB THOMAS HOLLYWOOD tfl _ Pudgy Alfre Hitchcock, the sultan of, cinema suspense, ta a sucker for tougl pictures. In his latest one, the hero spends the whole film in ar apartment, encased up to the ches in a plaster cast. "I don't like to get In a rut directing normal pictures all the time," remarks Hitchcock. "One must h»v« a challenge then, you know." He's had 'em. For instance "Lifeboat," which he said was hi? toughest assignment. Virtually a I of th« picture took place in one llfebait at let after a German torpedoing. Then thera was "Rope," a grim etory of • thrill killing by two .vounf men. Hitchcock aimed to tell t*» tale In continuous action with no cuts except for the end ol each reel. Now he'i doing "Rear Window,' _ the story of a newspaperman, H imes Stewart, who breaks » leg id )• confined to his Greenwich illagre apartment. With nothing se to de, he starts studying the —>ighbor». Sort of a scientific peeping Tom, you might s»y. No Phony Facade During his peering, he notices that »n Invalid woman fails to appear in her apartment window Two men come there and carry •way a trunk. He thinks It's murder, .and he tries to prove It by means of telescopic cameras. Eventually the murderer finds out what he's up U> and paya him visit. "The whole action Is seen from his apartment," explained Hitchcock. "The only persons who visit Stewart are his girl, Grace Kelly; the nurse, Thelma Ritter; a detective, Wendell Corey, and the murderer. All the rest of the cast are seen at a distance cross the court between the apartment houses." The director showed me the movie set and it Is one of the most Impressive I have ever seen. No phony facade is this. An apart- JBent house rises six glories in the Nllaramount stage, and all the 31 ^apartments are occupied by ac- I tors. Crews dug 20 feet below the staga floor to create a sunken garden. When the picture started, the soundman couldn't account for a gurgling noise that came through the microphone. It turned out thai tht excavation had struck water. Now pumps are operated between takes. Scientists Claim Both Food and Bacteria Necessary Before Tooth Decay Can Occur Deep Diver* Wh*lM can dive a mile below the surface and rise immediately without harm, A chemical adjustment of th* blood cart* tor the Variation in pressure. By FRANK CAREY BOSTON IJPr—A. new concept of tooth decay—namely, that both food and bacteria are necessary for it to occur—was reported today to the American Assn..for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). The report resulted from allied research at Notre Dame, Harvard Dental School and the University of Chicago. Dr. Frank J. Orland, of the latter institution, snid, rats were raised in a completely "germ-free" atmosphere in a unique laboratory lor that purpose at Noire Dame. During their rearing, the rats were fed diets which ordinarily result in tooth decay. But none of the rats developed bad teeth. The work at Harvard was described by Dr. B e i d a r P. Sognnaes. Sherwood Makes Debut on TV HOLLYWOOD Ifi — Robert Sherwood, whose Broadway plays have won him four Pulitzer Prizes, tonight makes his debut as a playwright for television. Yvonne de Carlo, Wendell Corey, dene Lockhart and Thomas Mitchell star in "Backbone of America," satirical comedy about a high- powered advertising firm that goes on a search to lind America's most typical family. It will be seen over NBC-TV from 8 to 9 p.m., EST. Sherwood came out here to supervise the presentation. He's under contract to write eight more. At Harvard, rats were reared under normal laboratory conditions and therefore had bacteria in their mouths, just as man does under ordinary conditions of living. The rats were fed the same kind of diets as the animals at Notre Dame—but,they were fed through a stomach tube, so that the food never got in contact with their teeth. Again, no rats developed tooth decay. Said Dr. Orland: "These two rather unique experiments together provide much- needed evidence which tends to establish the basic concept that a living tooth can not decay In the complete absence of bacteria nor in the complete absence of food." And Dr. Sognnaes declared: Fewer Ulceri "Further work on laboratory animals of exact hereditary and nutritional background and raised on synthetic diets of known composition offers real promise for testing the effect of specific food elements, drugs and other agents with potential decay preventive properties." In another report on life among the rats, Dr. Otto Weininger, University of Toronto psychologist, said that rodents which were stroked and petted for a few minutes a day as baby-rats developed "significantly less heart damage and fewer stomach ulcers" under emotional stress as adult rats than did "non-gentled" creatures. He offered no views, however, as to whether the same would hold true for humans. An automatic shift key h»s been nvenled, for typewriters. Attached o the typewriter, the device shifts rom "little letters" to capital lel- ers when the typist strikes he period key. The next letter typed will be » capital letter. When the apltal letter is hit, the device au- omatically shifts back down to ower case. WRECKER SERVICE Tom Little Jr. for fail dependable wrecker and tow service pleaie call me I havt the Urftit, best tqnlp. ped wrecker in thli part «l lha country . . . No job Uo larce ... No Job too imalL P D H a , y -e4422 SEW74 BLYTHEVILLE MOTOR CO. Peace Wasn't Peaceful DETROIT (ft — James M. Peace, 30, was placed on six months probation for failing to live up to his ame. Peace was found guilty 6t disturbing the peace by Recorder's Judge Martha W. Griffiths. Cuban Minister Resign* HAVANA, Cuba 1*1 — Ernesto de la Pe, Cuba's minister of inform* tion, resigned last night. He gave no reason and it was not immediately known whether President Fulgencio Batista would accept the resignation. NATURAL GAS liculinc and appliance*. Installed b; bonded ilpe fitten and financed In 36 monthly payment!. Ininlation n other htme Improvements Inclided. E. C. ROBINSON LUMBER CO. for the COURIER NEWS in Osceola, call BILLY BEALL, 567-M Film Capital 40 Years Old Today HOLLYWOOD </P>—Just 4fl years ago today a .balding stage director in leather puttees 'first shouted "CameraI Actionl" Those words heralded the birth of Hollywood as the movie capita of the world and started the fabulous movie career of Cecil B. De Mille, now 72 and still going strong That first DeMIlIe production was "The Squaw Man," starring Duatin Parnum. It was shot on a budget of 115,450.25 in an old barn set in an orange Rrov« in the hearl of what was then just a paslora, suburb of Los Aneles. But like most De Mille pictures since, "The Squaw Man" made money. It grossed $244,100. His 70th picture, "The Ten Commandments," scheduled Tor Mils Jail, is "•UM • -^ M*r) In Half eltduMt Driver h«|u« eGivtt S*fer, Quicker Stopi e PrcvMtt FMilin trading Ctnlrel COMl'lN TODAY! "•*NDIK"-MU.M,«. ^AY. OFf. Phillips Motor Co. Bnwdwat * ChkkMawNt Ph. "VI already budgeted at six million dollars. De Mille in an Interview yesterday, called movie-making in the old days a great adventure. "But now," he commented sadly, "it's Just a long agony." Flagstaff, Ariz., might well today be the movie capital of the world Instead of Hollywood. De Mille was headed there when he set out from New York City. "But when wo got off the train at Flagstaff," he recalled, "it was raining so hard that we quickly got back on again and told the conductor that we wanted to go to the end of the line." Britain's Queen Eliz Woman of Y|«t| .., ,.. :•;••' crown**, pritnin's 'find sovertlfh in tK»'> most-seen: coronation In history, la again Woman of the Year. The lovely 27-year-old monarch is a repeat winner in the annual Associated Press poll of newspaper and radio editors. She was Woman of the Year in 1952, the year In which her father, King George VI, died and she was proclaimed queen. Only 7,500 persons could crowd into Westminster Abbey June 2 lor the coronation. But millions, in England, on the continent and ' in the United States watched on television as the young queen assumed the five-pound crown amid ancient pomp and pageantry. Currently on a six-months world tour of the em'pire accompanied by her husband,'. the handsome 32-year-old Duke of Edinburgh, the Queen will return to London May 15. Their two children. Prince Charles and Princess Anne, stayed behind. The popular ruler is the sixth woman to reign. England undisputed and in her own right. Woolworth Heiress to Wed ' International Playboy, Diplomat CIUDAD TRUJILLO, Dominican Republic 1*1—The Dominican Republic's Foreign Office said last night that Intel-national playboy Porfirio Rubirosa will marry Woolworth heiress Barbara Hutton in a ceremony at the Dominican consulate-general in New York. The wedding will be sponsored by * high, Dominican diplomatic ind.military official who will BO o New York especally for that lurpose, the Foreign Office enid. The name of the official was not revealed, nor was the date of the marriage specified. Last night the Dominican Foreign office said Rubirosa would be re- itored to his former diplomatic >ost and Miss Hutton would be: :ome a Dominican citizen. Rubirosa was. recently dropped rom his post :«s minister plcni- iQtentlary in Paris for what his government called "misconduct.". "We May" Rubirosa, now on the Pacific Const, was quoted yesterday as aytng he was returning to New York to meet Miss Hutton. When isked if he planned to marry the our-times-wedded heiress, he said: 'We may." The New York Daily Mirror to- dny said Miss Hutton "coyly admitted" she plans to wed again. . She was - quoted by the mlrro^ \s saying:' 'I can't make any announcement, right now, but I'm sure you can make your own deductions. I'm more than happy. I'm delirious with joy." Rubirosa, who lost his diplomat-- ic post In Paris after figuring as the other man in.two divorce actions, was formerly married to,. Flor Trujlllo, daughter of the Dominican dictator; French actress Danielle . Darrleux; and to Doris Duke. •.-.'•• ... Miss Hutton previously was married, to.'. Prince Alexis Mdlvanl, Count Kurt von Haugwitz-Revent- low, actor Cary Grant and Prince Igor Troubetzkoy. ' Chicago, Friendly City, Has 284 Murders in 1953 CHIC AGO. Wl — Murders in Chicago in 1953 totaled 284 — compared to 280 in 1952. Lt. John Golden, head of. the police homicide division, said all but 32 of the murders committed this year have been solved. He said 37' were" unsolved in 1952. EXPERT WATER PUMP REPAIR Hubbard Hardware : Pti.nt 2115 ways Five to lighten day your I I I I I I I I I Family in, a rush? Just plug in breakfast and serve! A treat for the kids...mix a cakr. in a matter of minutes! Store entire meals in your freezer! ( Sate* tyme,'scwe3 money. Dinner'* on—ami you're, going out —thanks to an electric range! Save work and dishes with an electric dishwaalter! Ark-Mo Rower Co.