New-York Tribune from New York, New York on April 20, 1902 · 20
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New-York Tribune from New York, New York · 20

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4 ■r^-^T-ccHmmo, OF^Jf^OL^JOTTO^MA^Cr^™™ WML. BE ATTE» DED By COTTON MANUFACTURERS KEW-EXGLAXD ASSOCIATION OF MEN INTERESTED IN WORK OF THE MILLS. DBfGDI AND GBOWTB OF THE ORGANIZATION SOMi: OF THE PRINCIPAL MEN ir)i:NTIFIED WITH IT. The New-England Cotton Manufacturers' Associ.-.tUn wMI h-.d lta seventy-second meeting In Cnipman Hall, <n the Tremont Temple, ln Boston on April 23 and 24. and f=ueh unusual importance Is given to that meeting that fomething relative tc. Jhe career ana usefulness of the organization may be of berest at this time. ' It is on« of the oldest of the technical associations In the r»Hed States, having been organized 'on April 20. IKS. by Jones S. Davis, now dead, at that time manager of a cotton mill at Holyoke. and Colonel Samuel Webber, who occupied a similar position in ' the mill at Chlcopt-e and who Is row living at an advanced re- in Charlestown. K. H. Alth.iuch he retired from th« cotton business as a-n active manufacturer many years aco. he •till keeps in active touch with affairs as a consultant In The management of cotton mills, and ont of respect for his brilliant and varied career the association a few yenrs ago by a unanimous vote BSOOBBi ldtn ar. honorary member of the organization Liko many other organizations, this association ■was based upon a predecessor of smaller cope— th« Hampden County Cotton Spinnerp' Association which consisted in 18f* of the manacers of • the mills in Central Massachusetts, to the north of Phi In ijjl -*T They met socially once a month. and at this dinner iheir nffalrs. problems, trials end successes were the subjects of discussion. The importunity of atber manufacturers outside the territorial limit flxel upon by this organizat.on •was so strenuous that the New-England Cotton Manufacturers Association was organized on April 20 ISCS. by forty-four men. who assemt>.« at Boston. Fix of whom are still members of it. E Is believed to he the only association In the ; -world solely devoted to the technicalities of cotton manufacture, as other organizations of similar iitle are devi.tel mainly to the trade and comjjiuriinl flements of the business. It was Incoraporated on December 1. ISM. by a special charter. < which states its purpose to be that of encouraging -scientific investigation and experiment as to the •methods of manufacturing cotton, collecting and Imparting Information re'.atins to this industry, promoting social intercourse amone its members -»nd «-stab'.i?hir.K and maintaining a library of vorks on textiles in the city of Boston. " From tbe small beginning of less than half a hundred at lte original meeting, the organization kas reached a membership of nearly seven hundred, vhich has gone f».r beyond the territorial limits of lte early days, and inch.'des in its membership tho principal cotton manufacturers throughout tho '■ United States, crossing the boundaries to the Dominion of Canada, with one member in China and several In England. Among the contributions to the transactions at these meetings there have •f- pepcrs from numerous Enclish manufact : •Brers, France. Germany. Switzerland and Russia and thr^e from Japan. Its membership consists, first, of active members, «w-ho are those employed in cotton manufacturing In an executive position, and. second, of associate member*, whose business connection is in some of the tributary relations to cotton manufacturing, as in the sale of cotton or cotton goods on a large #ca.le or mill building or manufacture of textile machinery- It has held meetings twice a year since its orranizatlon, at which papers have been presented •upon subjects covering the whole range of cotton manufacturing problems and the engineering questions pertaining thereto. As an example of the position of the association in keeping to the forefront the live Issues In cotton manufacturing, it r . ... ■. be stated that at its meetings were presentedthe first papers on electrical illumination and the transmission of power in mills by electricity. The records of OBfS meetings are contained in two volumes of about four hundred and fifty papes. issued -.ich year, and it is the policy of the organization that these transactions should be as fuliy and completely illustrated as may be neceseary in order to give every facility to the full treatment of Tbe subject. ' It has l>een customary In the last ten years to hold BBS meeting at Boston in the spring, but the fa!! meeting has been held at the Crawford House. "White Mountain^; Providence. Montreal. Philadelphia. Washington. Atlanta, Protte House, "White • Mountains, and last fall at Niagara Falls. The papers read at the meetings of the association have had a wider range than w.uH be ex,pected from the membership of an organization jot It* kind, and BjweJsJßßtß on the various departments, especially from Europe, have given the ■>»>er.ent of their experience at these meetings. At "the Pan-American meeting, h^ld at Buffalo last jyear. a unique paper was contributed by a youns Japanese, o*o had begun tiie study of the English ".language only two years before, and while he was ♦acquainted with the Jacanos© methods of cotton ■jcanufacture and with the construct! or the VT^iipiish language, yet his method of thought In 'treating of the eubject was bo truly Oriental as to - sjrive piquancy to his production. - Kumerous textile subjects of historical record, m-hlch. from the intensity of local interest, may lls^■e escaped due notice from historians at large. have been presented at various meetings of the •Association, and the records fr-rm a unique ency-clopedla -upon all matters pertaining to the subject. Jr. th* last year the records, compilßing seventyxme volumes, were indexed by a thorough card catalogue system. -Kith cross r> ferences. nine thou-■and in number, in order to afford greater facilities ior th ■!■• who desire to consult them. The former office of the association, in Boston. «was burned out in February. 1M«O, destroying all of the early copies of the transactions of the ase-oclatlc-n. which were on file. These have never l>cen reprinted, so that a complete set Is exceedingly rare . Outside of the limitations of the work of the Organization to which reference has been made, the association has given consideration to matters of public Interest. A few months after holding a ineetlng In Philadelphia. In 1537. It gave to the Philadelphia Textile School, in commemoration of that affair, a bronze bust of G»or£<* Draper, by Cyrus Cobb, mounted upon a polished granite pe<3estal. which was plac*-d ln the rotunda of the Philadelphia Textile School. "George Draper "was a remarkable character, vhow vipor of thought and action is Ftlll a living force In the methods followed In the cotton manufacturing irdusiries. As the founder of th*» Horn" Market Club, he did much to develop public ser.t!-ment toward the jupt appreciation of the protective tariff, and his three sons, th« senior being General William F. Draper, late ambassador to Italy, are all men of force and eminence. The inscription on the base indicates the- steps of his noiaHe career: MMCMJkMRi inventor, MAXT-FArTTrKER. ■ - ...--■. PUBLICIST. The association Rlso has established from a fund -s, of lta own a sliver medal kr..\v. as the New-Eng■ land Cotton Manufacturers* medal. This medal may bo frtven to any person whose work has been considered an advantage of sufficient Importance to the purposes to which the organization is devoted in itu broadest cense, Including any papers rea.<l before th» association, the production of any mechanism or processes In the fabrication, design or finishing of cotton poods, oomprlsilng mill construction, the generation ■• power and lta rl Itrlbution, or any of the ■works tributary to the cotton manufacture. iThe obver*- bears th« name of the association »nd the dates of lt» foundation and Incorporation. Xn th<s middle Ie a loom of the pattern in general urn a.t the tlm«» of the foundation of this association, eurrourided by a garland of cotton bolls, those «Wi the riirht being «ea Island cotton, nn<! on the left upland cotton. The name of the association SOMp op THR MEM BEKS OF THE NEW-EXGLAXD COTTON MANUFACTURERS' ASSOCIATION. Charles A. Denny. in mural text Is girt by a polygon of hanks of yarn knotted together. The reverse of the modal bears a chaplet of oak and laurel leaves, symbolizing strength and honor, and secured at the base by an American eagle with outstretched wings, the whole forming a frame for the tablet containing the inscription of the name of the recipient. There have not as yet been any awards of this medal. " The association has always shown a great deal of interest in textile education, believing that through that means the standard of American cotton manufacturing, both In the facility of production and the method of fabrication, must be improved and the contribution given by one of its members Moses Pierce, of Norwich, In commemoration of Ms ninety-third birthday, has been established as a fund from which B bronze meda! Is piven to one member of the graduating class who has shown the highest record of general excelfence in each of live of the principal textile schools n the Vnlted 51 itea. the selection of the re">L>eiu of this medal being made by committees of rflembers of the association, who Investigate both the general record of the student ar.d the technical results as shown by the character of the fabrics which he has designed. , I-i* he last year the awards of the students medal have been as follows: Arthur Eugene Sanford; Dorchester. Mass., of the Lowell School of Saimi"! Webber. Textile Design connected with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Bartholomew Moore Parker. Raleigh. N. C. of the Lowed Textile School; Nelson Allen Wood. New-Bedford. Mass.. of the New-Bedford Textile School: .lames oorhees Pomeroy. Graham. N. C. of the Philadelphia Textile School and Albert Spalding Meade.. Decatur Ga. of the textile course in the Oeorgia School of Technology. Atlanta. In the last year William Firth, esq.. of England, a member of the association, as a mnrk or his appreciation of the purposes of the organization gave $3,000 to establish a New-England Cotton Manufacturers" Association scholarship for the benefit of a son of a member. This fund has been deposited under the conditions of the deed of trust with the Bedford Textile School, where Ihe scholarship will begin next September. . . The cotton manufacturers and cotton dealers in the South have formed the Eli Whitney Country Club at Rocky Cr^ek. in the suburbs of Augusta. Ga . where Eil Whitney first placed the American cotton gin In practical operation. This club is on the point of erecting a fine clubhouse, and has secured the ownership of a large tract of land, and the hunting and fishing privileges over a still larger area reaching in the aggregate one hundred thousand'acres. The New-England Cotton Manufacturers' Association 1s to place a bronze tablet to the, memory of Eli Whitney upon this clubho The commission has been given to Cyrus E. Dallen. who received a gold medal for his works at the last Part* Exposition, and whose statue of "The Medicine Man" was purchased by Austria. This tabjet J. G r ntum. will contain a portrait of XII Whitney ln altorelievo supported by a garland of cotton ln the. boll, and will t*-ar the following inscription: A MEMORIAL to BJ WHITXEY. Inventor of the American Cotton Gin. A Contribution to the Resource* of Civilization And to the Materiel Welfare of tha ■ United States. Erected hjr the nsr-anuxp COTTON MANXTACTURers' ASSOCIATION. 1&02. It Is hoped that the bronze tablet will be received in time to be exhibited at the spring meeting of the association, and it is expected to be the object of a special exhibition at one of the clubs in Boston devoted to art. The construction of tiie Eli Whitney clubhouse is In such an early state, that the date for the formal unveiling of the tablet cannot at the prf-sent time lie fixed, but It is expected to take place early in the autumn, on which occasion it Is proposed that a full contribution to the history of the work of Ell Whitney ln the development of his Invention will be presented to the public, as it has been found that, although the original papers of Ell Whitney were burned ln the fire which occurred in the Patent Office, early In the. hiMory of this government, yet copiea had been made in connection with litigation in a federal court ?n Southern Georgia. It Is through this record that the Just measure of the invention of Whitney will furnish information of great value upon his work. The affairs "f the association are administered by a board of government consisting of the following officers: President. Charles H. Fish. Dover. N. H.; vice-presidents. George H. Hills. Fall River. Mass.. and Herbert E. Walmsley. New-Bedford. Macs.; directors, Alfred E. Adams. Whitln^ville, Mass.; William D. Hartshorne. Lawrence. Mass.; James R Mac Coll. Pawtuckft. R. I.: "W. B. Smith Whaley. Columbia, S. C; A. Tenny White. Manville. R. 1., and George F. Whitten, Manchester. N. H. auditor. C. E. Roberts. Boston. Mass.; secretary ard treasurer. C. J. H. Woodbury. Boston. Macs. The past presidents have been: Ezeklel A. Straw. Manchester. N. H. ISSS-'7S; Amos D. Lockwood, Providence, R. 1.. 1576-' SO; John Kilburn, Belmsnt, Mass., 1880-'B3; "William C. Loverlng. Taunton. Mass., 1883-85; Richard Garsed. Philadelphia, Perm., 1885-'B6; J. S. Ludlam. Lowell. Mass.. ISB6-'SB; Henry F. Lipnltt. Providence, R 1.. ISSS-'B9; .Valter E. Parker, Lawrence. Mas*.. ISS3-"92; Robert Me Arthur, Bidderord, Me . 1592-'<H; Edward W. Thomas, Weet Durham, N. ■"., 1!34-*95: A. M. Goodale, Walthnm. Mass.. 1895-*96; Arthur H. Lowe. Fltchburg. Mass., IS&S-'S7; Russell W. Eaton. Brunswick. Me.. 18S7-'9B; Stephen A Knight, Providence. R. 1.. 18SS•&S; Frederick E. Clarke, Lawrence. Mass.. 1899-'OO. an'! D. M. Thompson, Providence. R. 1.. 1900-'Ol. The details of the association's affairs are under the charge of the secretary and treasurer, from •whom much in the line of suggestive methoMs for tne iiroeress and development of the organization 1» expected. The forthcoming spring meeting, like all of the anriyal meetings, differs from : thp semi-annual meeting in the autumn In that it will be devoted exclusively to the consideration of technical paperm. On its assembly this meeting will be greeted by an address of -welcome from P. A. Collins, Mayor of Boston, after •which papers «a NEVT-YOm^ DAILY TRIBUKE. SCJx\DAY c APKIL 20. 1902 Frederick E. Clark*. Ptephen A. Knl?ht. William C. Levering. the following subjects will be read and discussed by the members present: '"Brick Factory Chimneys: Some Features or Their Construction": "Supervision of Skills, "Bleaching." "Working of Egyptian Cotton "Friction Due to Spindle Bands." "Thread Boards and Guides for Net Spinning." "Japanese Cotton Mills " "Flyers," "Tbe Abuse of Oils In Cotton Mills" "r'">mblng Cotton." "Weighting f.f Top Rolls " "Viscose," "Hydraulic Compression of Air "' "Knots and Knot Tying." "Electric Driven Cotton Mills" and "A New Method of Incandescent Lighting." CHARLES H. FISH, or novei . re. H., the president of the association. Is the youngest cotton manufacturer to hold that position. He was selected by the board of governors in May last to fill the place left vacant by the inability of Charles H. Richardson, of the Lancaster Mills, Clinton. Mass., to serve as head of this oldest and most dignified association of manufacturers. Mr. Fish represents the progressive type of the younger element in the membership, which has been rapidly coming to the front in the last three years of the association's existence. He is the agent of the Cochieo Manufacturing Company's mills. Having a natural love for mechanics, Mr. t ish Immediately upon the completion of his education entered "the machine simps of the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company. Manchester. N. H.. and alter an apprenticeship in them continued on through the various departments until he had gained a j. R sfaatsjOßMff'. E. W. Franc*. knowledge of not only the mechanical but also the executive and theoretical side of cotton manufacturing. He held the position of assistant superintendent at the?'- mills for a time. He became a member of the New-England Cotton Manufacturers' Ass .elation on April 27, I> ; 7. being at that time ag. Nt of the Chlcopee Manufacturing Company < 'hicopee Falls. Mass. He la also :i member" of th^ American Society of Mechanic* Engineers and various other scientific and sochu organizations. C. J. H. WOODBURY, the secretary of the association, has been a member of the organization since October. 1579, and became secretary in 1554. Since that time the membership of the association has grown from -U to nearly 7-10. Mr. Woodbury Is a direct descendant from John Woodbury. who came to thlß country ln 1C23. He was graduated from Tufts College, and practised his profession of civil engineer in several New-England cities. In ordr-r to learn the practical side of the use of machinery he entered a machine shop and later became the superintendent of ■ factory. He entered the employ of the Factory Mutual Insurance Company in 1878 as an engineer, and devoted his time to matters pertaining to the protection o! factory property apaln6t fire. He received the Alsatian medal of the Industrial Society of Mulhousa fcr Ms work on plow turning mill conmember." Alfred Hawksworth. C. J. 11. Woodbury. Eben E. '.Draper. Arnold B Sanford. struction and the John Scott medal froir: the city of Philadelphia for his work on tho discrimination of the hazards from electric lighting and transmission of power. He Is a non-resident lecturer at Cornell tfnlversitj and at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, a director of the International Trust Company of Boston, a follow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, a member of the American boclety of Civil Engineers, a life member and past Vleoprcsident of the American Society of Mechan ca. Engineers, and also a member of other technical societies and clubs in Boston and New-York. ALBERT F. KNIGHT, of Woonsocket, R. 1., was born at East Greenwich, in that State, on April 10. 1854. He was educated in the public schools of Bristol. R. 1., nnd nt BfOWTV & Goff's Classical High School and at Scholfleld's Commercial College, Providence. Hp learned cotton manufacturing by enter- Ing as an apprentice the mill of which his father was superintendent, and in due timo operated every cotton textile machine and became foreman and finally superintendent of the mill. At the age of twenty-one Mr. Knight was one of the corporators of the New-England Cotton Manufacturers Association and for a number of years a prominent member of its board of government. It Is to him that the association Is indebted for the introduction of many measures which have contributed so mn'h in later years to the broadening of the scope o f the organization, and notably, as chairman of 8 committee, he Introduced the bylaw admitting associate Georpe W. Bean. John Eccle*. which has largely lncren?M tho memberchip nnd strengthened the influence of the organization. He has had charge of the mills at I.insdale and at Ashton R. I : .it Manchester. > H-. and at Adams. Mass.. but of recent years he has been operating cotton mills on t.is own account at Woonso< k--t JOSIAB C. COPURN was born In Pelham. N. H.. but moved with his parents to Lowell. Mass., when he was five years old. After leaving th« High School. In 1536. he began work in a carding room In tbe Herrlmack mills. He left the mills to learn the machlrlst's trade, and In 1840 became second hand In the ypinnlr.g department of a large mill. In UE3 he was appointed agent of a large manufacturing concern in Lewlston. Me., in which capacity he served for more than thirty-six y.ars. and on his r Ignatlon removed to Newton. Mass., where he now lives While he lived in Lewlston Mr. Coburn was active In the affairs of the place, and was largely Instrumental in measures which led to the tab'.ishment of the Manufacturers and Mechanics Library Association, Of which he was for thirty \.;ir« a trustee. He was for thirty years a director of the Flr?t National Bank of Lewlston. and for seven years its president. He served twenty-six years in the School Board of the place, and for about one-third of that time as Its presldent. D. A TOMPKINS was born in Meeting Street plantation, Edgofleld County, S. C. and there re.T. Hervey Kent. THE ELI WHITNEY TABLET. Alfred Goodal*. Frederick Grinnet. ceived a common school education. When he wa3 fifteen years old he went to Troy. N. V.. to learn the machinist's trade and to study engineering. He worked in the Bessemer Steel Works, attended the Troy Polytechnic Institute, and then secured employment in the Bethlehem Iron Works, where h» remained about ten years. Then he returned to the South and established an otflce at Charlotte. N. •'.. in the interest of the WVstinghouse Machine Company. Besides attending to the affairs of the concern, he has done much contract and rncineerlne work on his own account. About twenty cottonseed oil mills have been equipped by him. besides many electric plants and other large mechanical establishments. ROBERT BEATTY. of Robert Bcatty & Co.. Is now it the head of a manufacturing concern established by his father sixty years ago. ARNOLD B. SANFORD is known amener the New-England manufacturers as the first Fall River manufacturer to introduce the compound engine and the English revolving top flat cards. In UH he built the Globe Yarn Mills and Sanford Spinning Mills, at Fall River, at a cost of about $2,000,000. These m.Uls were sold in 1908 to the New- England Cotton Yarn Company. Mr. Sanford is an authority on the subject of fine cotton yarn spinning and Is frequently consulted as an expert He is an enthusiastic protectionist and was one of the organizers of the Home Market Club. Kobert B»-ittr. C. P. Brook*. R. MONTGOMERY was born at Great Barrington. Mass.. on February 24. 1845. and began his work In the cotton huslnes? when he was sixteen years old in the Arnold & Ray mills at North Adams. Mass. Later he worked in the Arnold Print Works, and when twenty-two yea-? old went to Housatonk as superintendent of the w a wheels Mills In 1871 Mr Montgomery went to Windsor Lock? Conn, where he bought a thread mill and established the firm of J. R. Montgomery A • This firm was the first in this country to undertake the manufacture of novelty yarns, and Its name ha.« become identified with this class of w^rk. This firm early saw th- utility and value In the mercerizing of cotton yarns, which produces the lasting and silkllke lustre now so well established. They were the first in this country to put such yarns upon the market. John ECCLXB, of the pc.nomah Mills, i? s good sample of success following industry and faithful performance of duty. He was with the mill when It started In business In ISO He his been overseer of weaving and superintendent, and is now the agent of the concern. SAMT'EL WEBP.ER. one of the founders <V the New-En = !and Cotton Manufacturers' Association, although not actively engaged in the manufacturing business at present, still feels a deep interest in the branch to which he devoted much of his life. P. A. Tompk!n«. A. T. Knight. He was born In Charlestawn. N. H . In BB and entered the employ of the Merrimac Manufacturing Company at Lowell in ISU. His progress was rapid and in UGO be served as one of tho jurors at the Crystal Palace Exhibition in London, and was placed in charge of Ihe Interior arrangement of the Crystal Palace show in this city in 1.553. Later he built nr.<i operated mills in various parts of the country and then came to this city as assistant appraiser of textile fabrics. in which capacity he served four years. He also acted as superintendent of the revision of the Industrial returns of the census of IS7O. WILLIAM E. HALL, of the Shaw Stocking Company, is ■ it;i mate of the Lowell High School and the Lowell M.ichine Shop. He entered the shop Immediately after leaving school, and remained there two years. in which time he made cotton mill machinery his special study. In ISS3 he entered the draughting: department of the Lawrence Manufacturing Company, and remained In the eraploy of that concern twelve years, in which time he advanced through various positions to the puperintendency of the mills. Then ne became the superintendent of the Breedsvllle plant of the Boston Duck Company. In MM he took the place of treasurer and general manager, which he now holds. HEHVEY KENT, president of the Exeter ManufacturinK Company, «M born In East Alstead. N. H.. in April. ISIS, and had taupht school two years when he left home at the a^e of twentyone to begin work ln~ the mill at Nashua. N. H.. as a "third hand" at $3 a week. The day's work began at B o'clock in those days. A half hour was allowed for breakfast at 6:3"\ and ■ half hour at noon, and the work continued until 7 o'clock la the evening. Mr. Kent served his apprenticeship in the epinnlng department of the Stark Mills, Manchester, N. H.. helping to start the Brsi spinning In these mills. He went from there to Newton I'ppcr Falls, Mass., a3 overseer of spinning, and was there nearly tive years. Afterward he \v< nr to the Atlantic Mills, Lawrence. Mass., as overseer of spinning, and helped to start the spinning in the three mills having entire charge of the spinning In the tine mill, and in I<>4 became superintendent of the Oreat Fails Manufacturing Company. The business reverses of 1857 and failure of the selling house closed half the mills in Great Falld. Mr. K. Nt then bKMM agent of the Pittsfleld Mills. PlttsfleM, N. H. As superintendent he started up the Androscoggin Mills, Lewlston. Me. Mr. Kent went to Exeter. N. H., In 1882. where he has since lived. ALFRED HAWKSWORTH, manager of the Merchants' Cotton Company, was born In Olossop, England, and went to work in a cotton factory when he was six years old as ■ "half timer." He came to the I'nltod States at the close of the Civil War, and found employment with the i'hu>mx Manufacturing Company, at Shirley. Mass. After seven years he went to Rhode Island, where he was superintend*::: n' ■ l.ir.r mill tat ten years, and then went to Canada to the place which he now fills. CHRISTOPHER PERKINSON BROOKS, the founder of the American Correspondence School >>£ Textiles, was uorn nt Blackburn, England, on April 17. 18(56. He organised the textile department of the Blackburn Science and Technical Schools in 18S4. was superintendent and managing director of English cotton mills, 1886-"95; examiner In cotton manufacturing of all English technical schools. 1830-95: organized and wa3 director of, the Lowell (Mass.) Textile School. 19%-: organized in IS9B. and 13 managing director of thi New-Bedford Texrile School; established the American Correspondence School of Textiles in ISOSlectured in course of municipal lectures in Boston in 1899; is a member of the Society of Arts. London; is an honor medallist. City and Guilds of London Institute, London; Is a member of the New- England Cotton Manufacturing Association, ths International Congress of Technical Education an<t of the International Organizing •;ommlttee as th* T'nited States representative. He is the author or "Cotton Manufacturing." "Weaving Calculai and "Cotton. Its Uses. Varieties. Fibre Srr : •.-■ and Cultivation" and the Instruction papers of tivs American Correspondence School of Textiles. GEORGE W. BEAN, agent of the Androacoggir. Mills, has been a member of the association sine? April. 1572. He was born in Cor.cord, N. H.. q 1537. He worked several years in a machine shop and then went to the Stark .Mills M learn the mill business. He remained there until 13>1. when he w«>nt to Lewlston as overseer in the Androscoargin Mills. Then he became superintendent of the Great Falls Manufacturing Company, and remained there four years. Mr. Bean then accepted the pUcs of superintendent of the Merchants' Manufacturing Company at Fall River, and in ISS6 took the place which he now occupies. CHARLES A. DENNY was born In Leicester. Mass.. on March 4, I¥£. and received his education In i the public schools of the town, and at Leicester Academy. He served an apprenticeship of three years with Blrco & Denny in their card clothing factory at Leicester. In April. '■" he and George Birco were admitted as partners in that firm, and continued Ir. if until they sold out to the American Card Clothing Company in IS3O. In IS3O Mr. Denny was elected vice-president of th? American Card Clothing Company, and in IS9S he became president of the company, and also chairman of the executive committee, and is serving in those places at the present time. He has also served in arioua public places. He was a member of th<? Massachusetts Senate for two years and also of the State Board of Charities, and he has been president of the Leicester National Bank slnc» 1579. He Is vice-president of rhe Leicester Savings Bank, and a director of the State Mutual Life Assurance Company, of Worcester. EDWARD W. FRANCE was born at Lawrence. Mass.. August 6. 1559. His education was obtained at the public rchools of that place. His father had long been connected with textile industries, and the boy drifted naturally to employment in the same Held of activity. He began his labors as bobbin boy. and learned by practical experience every department of a mill. His experience covered the whole field of cotton, wool and worsted. Hi? energy and skill attracted attention to htm, and twenty years ago he accepted employment in Pennsylvania. Fifteen years ago Mr. France wa3 selected to aid in the organization of the Philadelphia Textile School. The success of this institution 13 a tribute not only to the intelligent direction of a pioneer enterprise, but also to the practical philanthropy of the men who promoted the scheme. Mr. France has been the director of the school for fifteen years. The position demands an expert and intimate knowledge with every detail of manufacture, from the raw stock to the finished state of the many textile fibres. STEPHEN A. KNIGHT, president <yt the Hebron Manufacturing Company, was born SSI J me 5. 1526, and began work in Elisha Harris's cotton mill on April 1. 1535. With the exception of about fifteen months he his bf»n in the cotton 3pinmn» business ever since that time. He was president of the New-England Cotton Manufa I Association in I?3S and 13W. and is now a director in the Home Market Club, one of the executive committee of the Arkwricht Club, and president of the Textile Club, all of Boston. C. H Fish. DANIEL MOORE BATES was SJ»SWSjM4 from the Massachusetts Ir.3titute of Technology in June. 1596, and entered the cotton department of th* Pacific Mills, at Lawrence. Mass., as an apprentice. In 1557 he was employed by Joseph Bancroft & Sons* Co . Wilmington. Del., and in 1539 took charge of the Kentmere Mills of that company. H' became a member of the Ne*w-England Cotton Manufacturers' Association in April. ISSB. and since then has contributed papers to the transactions of the association on "Gray Goods from the Bleachers and" Finishers" Point of View" ar.d 'Our Cotton Export Trade with China." Bu!?e!! W. BataOJ, RUSSELL W. EATON, who was president of the association 1892-'3B. -Mas born at Readfleld. Me., in November, 1555. He was graduated from the Maine State GoFcga In 1573 3 3 civil engineer. and after a few years spent in mill engineering, and while working for Messrs. B. B. & R. Knight, of Providence, R. 1., he wedded to learn more o" manufacturing. He entered one of their mills and worked through all the departments of a plain goods mill. After three mor« years in mill ..-gineering in tn<? offices of Thompson & Nagle and D. M. Thompsor & Co.. of Providence. R. !.. he went to the Ponemah Mills. Taftville. Conn., as assistant to Agent Atwood. In tn* spring of 138S he became manager of the Merchants' Manufacturing Company, of Montreal, and in 1599 accepted the position of agent of the Caboi Manufacturing Comrany. Brunswick. Me., which position he still holds. J. HERBERT SAWYER, inventor of UM Sawyer" spindle, and auditor of the association since lss;. is treasurer of two large corporations— the Cldeapss Manufacturing Company, of Chlcopee Falls. Mass.. and the Newmarket Manufacturing Company, of Newmarket. N. H. Born in Hennlker N H. his first important position was with the Holyoke Water Po« Company, as assistant engmeer, t>elng employed largely in mil! construction from ISM to 1565. In this latter y ar he was made superintendent of the Otia Company, of TVare. Mass.. and the next year appointed agent of this corporation, remaining In that position until called to the Appleton Mills Lowell. Mass.. where he served as agent for a period of fourteen years. In ISJ2 he became treasurer of the Nw market Manufacturing Company, and two years later of the Chicopee company. FREDERICK C. DUFFIE Is treasurer nt the York Mills, of Saeo. Me., and the Everett Mills, of Lawrence. Ma-s. He was born in Salem. M-iaa. in 1*55 and t>e,nn his business career in the Everett Mills in 1576 l H. T. WHITIN is treasurer an 1 ■ principal owser of the Paul Whitin Manufacturing Company, of Northbridge. Mass. Mr hitin was bom in Nortsbridge, and learned his business under his father. who was one of the earliest managers in ihe r>ia '' l " -tone Val'.ey. He has always been ider.tiued wltn the company he is now with, becoming superintendent In 1575 and treasurer in ISS9. ARTHUR H. LOWE is treasurer of the Parkhlll Manufacturing Company, of Fitchbure. Mass., a comoratlon which in MM started witn thlrt^ looms, and is now running twenty-two huaOJOSi looms, employing eleven hundr I hands. FREDERICK EMERSON CLARKE was the fifteenth president of the association. He w»J one of the foremost New-England milt managers, and P M. Hat»s. BRONZE BUST 03" GEORGE DRAFEII In rotunda of th<» Philadelphia Textile School. a recognized authority in manufacturing circle*. The breadth of his mental scope was shown by t&S number of different occupations in which he *-• celled. He thoroughly understood a number o branches of textile manufacturing, In which ne made many contributions to the methods of °9 e^T tlon and cost finding. He waa conversant jf-» the engineering problems, of mill construction, oi water and steam power, and was In .lemani * an expert In th* construction md valuation v textile mil! plants and steam and water P?* hl ; Th« extent to which his associates t«l"«i ZZ sound Judgment is shown hv the number ot « » eanizatlons and corporations with whose m *?"^ - i ment he was irTUi.c-d He was president JfjJSa Boston and Lowell Railr.ad Compur.; tl \f f ,j^Vi rence Sayings Dank. Board of Trade. kll *«i£ Good Government Association and Park Cornm- ; slon, a director of the Bay State National f^L,, and of the H..n-.e Market Club, a trustee /r.J£-!/ r .J£- ! Lowell Textile School, a number of the * d . vl cjli * board of the Philadelphia Museums, and g aa jjli. ajuiointed bjr the Governor aa one- ot tn« ™"^

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