Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on April 18, 1946 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Thursday, April 18, 1946
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II 111 f age EighS _L HOPE STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS Wednesday, April 17, 1946 Fishermen Open Season Eagerly in Craiuhend County"* comes the week's fish story. It's nbout n 52- pound catfish called "Old Lead I Pencil." But "Old Lead Pencil" i is out of circulation now. I Fishermen who saw the whop- iper for a couple of months got his iname from a sequence in the 'movie. "The Southerner," where i farmers were after a huge cat- l fish with whiskers like lead pen- Little Rock, — <UP!— Arka:i-! ci | s ,\:id fiction turned to reality sas fishermen say their finned; whcn the Mruphy family— R.L friends arc tnnt.e hungry indeed Basil ;lnc ) Robert—snagged the this week. And the men with the'big; bov in Cache River near Log- hooks arc ooir.g what they cnn to.^n's b"rid"e appease those "appetites. p fhe bewhiskered cat chomped Hitn no elosea season in the ; down on a few tasty grinnel state on rock bass, striped oass, -planted on the Murphy line of set Jack salmon, crapp.e. grass pike. ' hooks. Then his trouble began. white perch, gegsrle-eved perch. !After a roueh tussle, Basil gol sun perch, bream a::d cnannel 'hold of "Old Lead Pencil." and cat. many an Arkansas sports- ! with n lighl grip on t he fish's man Is'beating the sun up these j Unver j;nv . managed to yank him line movir.ngs to get a head start. |i n [ O the boat. ! families ! North 16. Nerve center of fishing in Ar- with a fish dinner—and i Arkansas with its best near Little Rock. Enough fish ars hatched annually to supply a plentiful stock for the state's But yon can't hook "Old Lead Pencil" every day — and other anglers in ArKansas this week are s i:i the Ozark mount- ! ,,,, • Excellent reports arc coming Another hatchery is set up onij n f ro m the upper end of Nimrod Lake Hamilton near Hot Springs, i Lake in the Northwestern part of and still more fish are in the:the state, as well as from rcser- state ponds at Centerton. _ j v oirs in the Stuttgart area in the Commission. authorities esti- [Southeast portion, mate that more than 2.000.000 na- < Also in the Southeast, Phillips tive ?ame fish are hatcned and'County's Old Town Lake stands planted ui _ ArKansas waters an-| out this week as a Tocal point for every year. Not or.ly do the iicld ; ported verv lively" men take fish from turbulent and;nicest strings of the season was One of the otherwise undafe waters, but they)caught here this week by Tom remove turtles, snakes and gig-j Foster and Tom Nick of Helena, gier and hungrier j.ish from •. in Central Arkansas, Grev's streams wneie new schols have I Lake and Canada Lake in Clove- been planted. jl anc i County are providing plenty I of bream and crappie. although And from up around Jonesboro : the waters slightly dingy . . _ |j rom s t ea( jy rains early in the week. Scott County, in the West-Cen- itral portion, has miles of clear j waters that gave up plenty of I game fish tnis week. And Scot I County anglers say no time's j wasted by dropping a line in the iFourche River, the Poteau, Petit I Jean or in Mill Creek. From the North and Northwest, | the bream and crappie are said to be hungry even though they ! must be seeing fish-hooks in their Arkansas Approved Butane Gas Systems and Appliances We ccn guarantee immediate delivery high cioss Butane Range with each system installed by us. W.S. Chance Company Tesarkar.c, Texas 1729 New Boston Road Phone 231 ; JLone Cavalry Division Took Beating in War KILLED: 5451 WOUNDED: 19,418 MISSING: 953 TOTAL: 25,822 of 5 divisions, cs dU2,79p « ovorffiO per it KILLED: 122,562 V/OUNDED: 47-1,099 MISSING: 31,208 TOTAL 627,869 our of 65 divisions, osfi- mc t ed ol- 912,405 man or over 61 KILLED: 1612 WOUNDED: 7236 MISSING: 35 TOTAL. 8883 out of on estimated 13,747 men, nearly 65 per cent KILLED: 13,752 WOUNDED: 48.413 MISSING: 2940 TOTAL: 65,110 out of 16 division;, csti- ma tod or 172,032 men or nocrly 38 per cent KILLED WOUNDED MISSING TOTAL: 4130 out of an estimated 14,108 men or nearly 30 per Mexico May Claim Gold Buried in Sea By RICHARD C, GLASS Miami, Fin.. April 10 — (UP) — effort may be made by the Mexican government to gain the treasure stolen from the Aztecs by Hernando Cortez more lhan '100 years ago. which now is sought by Inn American expedition, H was learned today. Joseph Sommcrs, Miami representative of the Irwin A. William son expedition said he learned of the move from three different sources. H was understood that the Mexican stand will be lhat the golden hoard belongs to the descendants of Corte/., sonic of whom reportedly still live . in Mexico. There was a possibility thai the gold — valued at $30,000,000 by modern standards •— might be claimed as a national treasure of Mexico. Plans reported to Summers, he said, include a formal request that Ihe United States government impound the gold, if it is recovered, until ownership can be- determined in the courts. Screening Is Vital, as Well as Fly Spray Flics nre n nuisance {\bout Ihc house and may spread disease, Home Demonstration Af!cnt Cora Lee Wcstbrook said, but bettor control of flies is now made possible by the development of DDT. Spraying with DDT is not enough to control -flics. Sanitation nnd screening are also necessary. Sanltction as far as fly control is concerned means not letting manure accumulate in piles, and disposal of garbage at weekly Intervals or more often, said the agent. Used In connection with sanitation and screening, spraying with DDT will keep n house virtually free ot flies. Spraying should be done in barns, poultry houses, hog houses, privies, and other outbuildings where files are common. If this is done, most flics will bo killed before they come to the house and little spraying around the house is necessary. Spraying all screens and spraying the inside walls and ceiling of the back porch and the outside wall of the Williamson meanwhile awaited in I buck porch around the door may the Florida keys for tlio wind and waves to subside enough for the search tu be resumed. He located the "Santa Picto-chart above, made from data in the new report of Gen. Jacob L. Covers, Army Ground Forces Commander, to General Eisenhower, shows casualties suffered by the various ground i'ovce- branches from Pearl Harbor Day, Dec. 7, 1941, through August 31, 1945. Highest percentage of casualties was suffered by the 1st Cavalry Division, heroes of the dash lor Manila. I I fishermen say Red River is clear, sleep by now. Cleburne County | and fishing is at its best. All streams in Benton County ; are crystal-clear, including Rpg- 'ers Lake—and they're yielding j good catches. The White and Illinois- Rivers—dingy the first of the week—are pretty well cleared up after a few days of sunshine. And a pretty large crop of bar bass is reported in the mouth of Big Piney Creek, in Johnson County. And with all the fishing activity going on, the State Game and i'isn Commission reminds sportsmen of license regulations. A resident . license is required of all fishermen over 16 years of age using artificial bait, lures, minnows or any other species of fish for bait. If you plan to iish from a boat, raft or any other float, you'll need a license. The set fine for v:bi..tion is between $10 and $50, depending upon the nature of the case. However, T. A. McAmis—State Game and Fish Commissioner— says that a license isn't needed if you use crayfish for bait. He made the statement in answer to a letter from R.E. Debow of near Batesville. Wild turkey hunting is still very much in the foreground of the sports picture this week. in Arkansas Four Phillips Counly men bagged gobblers • to head the list. Bringing back trophies of th» hunt are George Crumby of Elaine, Dan McMinn of West Helena, Hershel Harwell of Helena, and Jack Womble, also of Helena. Troy Rhoden of Hot Springs snared a fine gobbler on Cedar Mountain. Not so fortunate, however, were his companions—Sid Ball and Lewis Wodcock. And in Harrison, Police Chief Floyd Abels chose 'the turkey season for his vacation—and for the '''obvious reason. He smaked I down an 18-pound turkey in-.Mar-! ion County. But he insists the "big one got away.' ' It seems that the Chief flushed tow gobblers, and in the excitement he forgot to aim al the big one. AMBITION Jasper, Mo., April 1C — (/P) — For 41 years as a railway postal clerk, Eli \V. Scolt looked forward to the day he could puller in his garden some— but not too much. th',- treasure ship, Rosa." Saturday in MG feet of, . . water. j stock Summers said that he had not I been able to inform Williamson of i tiie latest development .which may jbo a finally ironical working of the ! nurse placed on the stolen gold by ; the Aztec chieftain Montczuma in ; l.i^O. The "Santa Rosa" sailed from Mexico in June of that year, with the treasure paid as ransom for the life of the chief. ' The intricacies of admiralty law. nnd the laws, of salvage, may make it possible lur a Mexican claim to stand up. Summers reported. He mphasized, however, that Wil- inmson was the first to find the •ossel, to identify it as the treasure hip, and has for five years planned the present expedition. Other expeditions. before the var, failed by the violence of the elements and attacks from sharks uid octopuses. The curse which legend says Montezuma, laid on tftc gold was by the beings of the land, sea and air, and not by the laws of men to come centuries later. But the chieftain warned that when_he was dead, he would himself become the guardian of the hoard. be sufficient. Full directions for use of DDT in housefly control arc given in Extension Leaflet No. 74. "Use of DDT for Control of Certain Live- •available nt the County Extension Office. o Thoughts Out of the spoils won in battles did they dedicate to maintain the house of the Lord.—I Chronicles 20:27. He who did well in war ju^-, earns Hie right to begin doing weTf in pc Hie rig ace.—R obert Browning, o- Social Situations THE SITUATION: You arc arranging your table for luncheon guests. WRONG WAY: Put candles on the table. RIGHT WAY: Use candles on a dinner table, but never on a lunch- con table unless the room is so dark that they are needed for* light. " MIXUP Austin, Minn., April 16 (/I') — An Austin plasterer got his barbershops mixed. For four clays he had worked in the Woodward barbershop, located in a bank building. On the fifth day he went into the Myhre barbershop, also located in a bank building, and had removed the plaster before he discovered he was in the wrong ^>hop, He also had an extra job of replastering. § Dissolve six ginger snaps in the pot roast gravy "or thickening and lor flavor. Or rub just a little ginger on the meat at the time that anfl Household Insects," you dredge it with flour. rerence . ^ Mostly he visioned himself stick- j , " ing prety close to the shady side of Jasper's mam street. So four years ago rie retired. Now he is, among other things. : clay Washington, April l.> —(/Pi—Ap propriations for Arkansas i'looc control projects .approved by i Senate-House: conference commit totaled ,s-l.ai 1,300 more thai- been allowed by the House anc will ix'i.iiil a start on all importan' work, aenauu- iUcClellan said to PHONE 1125 FOR RESERVATIONS PINEGARDEHS Located ]/2 Mile East of Hope on Highway 67 FEATURING... • Good Steaks • Chicken Dinners • Bottle Drinks • Sandwiches of all Kinds Two Private Dining Rooms Open from 5 P. M. to Midnight DANCING NIGHTLY Dinner & Dance Dancing Only No Cover Charge $1 per couple Robert Allen Milton Eason — PHONE 1125 FOR RESERVATIONS a practicing attorney, justice of the peace, secretary of the Cham- j ber of Commerce, secretary of the : school board, notary public, real , : estate salesman, and director ot';^ Jasper's "Saturday Afternoon Jarn-u borce." j^ He also has a garden in which |. he sometimes putters. I 1 The conference report will go to bolh HoUnes [o ., ction but what about kansan ate wa Allowed /as added to ihis by the e conference committee i.e action on other Arvut.-; .idcied by the Senfoll'jws: lull —• levees iroin A LOT OF THINGS go to make a good job. Interesting work, vacations, the people you work with. But the big consideration is money. 1'ake-home pay — savings — provision for the future. 'Ilioie arc the things that count. Compare the average job with a job in the Army. Suppose you make $200 a month, whcn you're working. After all the deductions have been taken out —and after paying for rent, groceries, clothes and doctors' bills—how much have you left? Army pay starts at $50 a month for a Private. But a big proportion of men in the new peacetime Army are specialists, v.ith higher grades and pay. Suppose you're a Technical Sergeant, making $114 a month base pay. You get jour food, clothing, housing and medical and dental care free. Insurance, amusements and incidentals cost you far less. And if you enlist before }nlv j. 1946, j-on get a family allowance for your dependents. You'll have money to save! With a yeaily r,-d;iv furlough with pay. you work eleven months and get paid for Usclve. You get the best technical training in \.iluable trades and skills. Chances for advancement arc excellent. On a ^-vcar enlistment you can choose you: branch (A :-.er\ice and oscrseas theater — and o\ci:,ci, service pay.', \(;u :-/; extra! If j-ou enlist before October '',. r.j.fi, upon discharge, you'll have the privileges of the C! Bill of Kighls. The educational privileges alone after a 3-\-car enlistment nre worth move than S^co (48 months of college, trade or business school --free! i. Where else could a j'oung man save that much in 3 jears? Most important of all, aft.,.' ~z y;;:u's' scrvlv.^ ; c.u c.-....s retire at half pay for tin; icifc ot your life or on HJ. i-j three-quarters pay aftev :^ gears' service. Mi, get that l.u.d of retirement sccuritj 1 in civilian life you'd have' to buy an annuity costing you $84 a month! If you are aged 18 to 34, inclusive (17 with parents' consent), and physically and mentally fit, you can enlist now in the U.S. Regular Army for i l /2, 2 or 3 years for one of the world's best jobs.- Without obligation, get full details at your nearest U. S. Army Recruiting Station. North Lilllc Kot-k to Gillette, $15,000; levees from Augusta w Claredon, fifiGi) 000; Van Burcn Seawall, $301,000; Daulanclle levees, $203.300; Conway :--ixt!i levee district, $300,700; Conv.-ay first, second and eight levee districts. !• t'JO.OQQ; Holand di-aina^e district, $331,500. Reduced—Crawford county levee district iroin SiJuO.OOO to ¥400.000; McLean bottoms i.'om . ; ?5U-t,2liij U; $30,000; L-uie Rock to Pine Blul'l levees irur.i K:";-JO,OUO to $450,000. Khirir.ttu onlirely — Derails Bluff la vets, £-iS.;;(IO. lUcClilian. who obtained Ihe Senate ine; c-a.ses. expressed satis- ! faction with tne conference '-'^port, j saying ii hi-.d been roali/cd that ' some cut.; woukl have to be made in tiie ictr.l amount uf the appropriation bii! and he fell Arkansas was obtaining a fair share and could get all e.-senlia.l wurk under way. Other appropriations for Arkansas approved by both Senate and House were not brought before the coi.ferc.nc'j committee. These included: Narrows Reservoir, $1,500, OLIO: Blakely Mountain dam, $1,000.Ui;0; Blue Mountain dam, $1,1320,;."), and Norfork reservoir, $1,000,000. PAY PER MONTH -ENLISTED MEN (n Addition to Food, Lodging, Clothes and Medical Care MONTHLY RETIREMENT Master Sergeant or First Sergeant • Technical Sergeant . Staff Sergeant . . Sergeant .... Corporal .... Private First Class . Private ..... (a)-PIus 20% Increase Storting Bate fay Per Month #138.00 114.00 96.00 78.00 66.00 54.00 50.00 INCOME 20 /ears' Service #89.70 74.10 62.40 50.70 42.90 35.10 32.50 AFTER: 30 Veers' Service #155.25 128.25 108.00 87.75 74.25 60.75 56.25 [or Service Overseas. (b)-Plus 50% if Member of Flying Crews. (c)-I'Jus 5% Increase in Pay fur Each 3 Years of • •HJlffflT Service. KBI WESS -* Enlist Now at Your Nearest U. S, Army Recruiting Station 212 FEDERAL BUILDING Texarkana, Ark. Heavy plantings should be i'. order in the i;a:\lcn lor the nexi tv.-o or Ihn. •-• weeks, Cora Lee West- of Hcinjist.-.-^l county said. Practi caliy all lue wiu-rn \vcalher crop; siiuiild be siaiiecl i-uon, as there is lilli'j '.li'.iigci 1 01' Irosl from now on. Major iilai.lin;.;s should be rnadt of s::>a|: bean:-. Loth pole and bush vaiiu:e.:. :v.v (•-l corn, if plantec now, wid ir.aiuro in the early part oi iae .-,ti!n:!:'.T boiuri: drought anc hiyh u.-mpci ai-.ires become scr- i(iu.- : . T':..i,i,,..';; will pioilucc more ii planted in.. 1 . UIMI if Ihe plant:.are :;et ou; hi P-'Iay. A ie\v e;;,;j;Uiiils will provide t. con.SHli.Tai.ik- yield if properly grown. Tlu-.-.e plant;; may be sel out any tmiL' duiii!:; the: next two weeks. B!;if'!--. lieauly is a good vaiU'iy, l::i: home demonstration ac.i.'iu sa ; d. "';!•• plants should be spaced \"i ','•> 2-1 inehes apart in the row 2 1 :: !,> 'i !\".-t apart. The ever icJi.-bk- -/n'.-u croj) :aay be started now. K o'.-! i'lMit ;:di"l vui-ieties are \yiiiu.- L:.!'hlnir.!i and Clcmson Spii'.eh'Sa. TliJ.-; crop should be thinned to ;-;ia>ut IS tu 24 inches apart in ilr. 1 rov.-. Canta!',ii],i."i and cucumbers may be p!a:;i.i 'I !••.<• n:.-xt week or two'. Honey H^;-i; ;. -ri Heart•; of Gold are good l-.i,.•:;••• ::.arf!en vai ietics ol cantaloi'!)- s i (•(.•oiir. 1 ic:i:dcd by the Univc'L. ;i y ot Arkansas College- of A'.'.ricnMMi-: 1 . I'.'n'.'imibors may be pl;i:ii-.-.i ;•>;• ; .'!-kle.; or for slic- in;;. i\';:i>.o:<:i! i j ii'i;!i!ig for pickles anct Straight-''; t,n- siicih^ cucumbers are •,;<>• if \-ii ii lic.'.s. 'for home ;;aide':s, c .t-iu'il.f'r ."oed may be pUnited in h'ii. J' inches apart. Four 01 ii-.•:• :.i.-<''i liquid be planted in eai.lt hni am! i iier thiiincci lo one or t .vn pl-ii : '-.. C'anlaloupcs should be Luuvcd tiic "Our trips all plannd and our car's all read/!" This family is all set for a mighty pleasant summer. Dad was too busy to play all during the war —but this summer's going to be different! They've already had their car down to their neighborhood Esso Dealer for a thorough spring chock->up.., plenty of warm-weather engine protection with fine, fresh Esso Motor Oil...important friction- spot lubrication of chassis parts. Take no'chances on spoiling your summer. Your old car engine needs prompt $nd careful protection of every single moving part. Your new car deserves the best kind of care from the very start, to keep it newer longer! Make today "Esso Dealer" Day. Do it now ... and enjoy the days of "Happy Motoring" that lie ahead! MAKE YOUR ESSO DEALER STATION YOUR TRAVEL HEADQUARTERS UP-TO-DATE ROAD MAPS. Accurate ... clearly printed in full color •all towns shown, highways num. bered. Available at overy E sso Dealer Station. A great help the highways. on Esso DEALER ESSO TOURING SERVICE. Expert personal assistance in y OUl . travel plans ... maps carefully marked lor best routes, plus up-to-the- rmnute road repair information Oct prepaid post card from your Esso Dealer fop this famous free service. ESSO ROAD NEWS. A tabloid publication with travel suctions, Places to sec, timely vacation news, pictures. Free at your Esso Dealers during the summer months. Get your copies regularly. HSSO AND ESSO EXTRA GASOLINES ...Two powerful gasolines that deliver great all-around per. formance in your car! Both con. tain exclusive.patented Esso Solvent Oil to help protect engine and keep parts clean and at maximum efficiency. « The Sign of "Hgppy Motoring" Cojir. 1010, Essaliic, STANDARD OIL COMPANY OF NEW JERSEY Willis' Esso Station & Tire Shop Phone 706 G. J. Willis Third & Hazel Sts. Hope, Ark. TARPUY'S ESSO SERVICE Conveniently Located Third and Laurel Sfo. Hope, Ark. Reliable Service • Reasonable Prices Telephone 777 Coleman's Esso Station Joe C. Coleman Telephone 187 Third & Hervey Sis, Hope, Ark. If' It's Happy Motorina You Want, See U? Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H. Washburn Television Plans Disclosed by A. T. & T. Leave Our Igloos Be! Rumors of Ihe construction of n new transcontinental cable, which passes between Hope and Shrove- port en route west for the purpose of ultimately carrying television «? broadcasts nrc veritied in Ihc 1945 Annual Report of Southwestern Bell Telephone Company, received in loday's mail. The annual report says: "Conslruction of a section of underground coaxial cable, to be" owned jointly by Ihc American Telephone & Telegraph Co. and this company, was stalled early in the year (1945) at the Louisiana- Texas state line, and by December 31 it had been laid almost as far west as Dallas. This cable will be A one link of tin ultimale transcon- y tincnlal coaxial cable which will provide paths for almost 1,500 simultaneous telephone conversations as well as for television transmission." Television has been more or less a ghost as far os residenls of Ihe Interior Unilcd Slales are concerned, due lo Ihe fact that the range of an original television transmitter is limited to the visible horizon— not much more than 25 or 30 miles.' But construction of the A. T. & T. cable makes it appear television j> will be given a hundred relay sin'* tions in the near future, tremendously increasing the range of Ihe original broadcast. Furthermore, when a conservative company like A. T. & T. starts spending millions on an underground cable you cen be pretty certain the day nationwide television arrives is close at hand. •¥• * -K Press release from Ihe Encyclopedia Britannica lells me: "Most Eskimos do not live in igloos. In fact, over half Ihe Eskimos •» in Ihe world never have seen an igloo and only about one-quarter actually use igloos for Winter living quarters, according to Ihc Encyclopedia Britannica." Hope 47TH YEAR: VOL. 47—NO. 158 Star of HOM, 1899; Prtu. 1927. Consolidated January 18. 1929. Star FORECAST Arkansas: Partly cloudy and warmer this afternoon and tonight, Friday partly cloudy, not rniicn change in temperatures. HOPE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, APRIL 18, British and U. S. Deadlock Over Bread By OVID A. MARTIN Washington, April 18 — — A Brilish-Canadian-American deadlock today over ways to ease the world food crisis delayed an order which will put this nation on a diet of less bread and flour. Representatives of the threfi countries met yesterday at another of a long series of meetings of the combined food board. But they failed again to agree on what each should do in the way of contributing wheat and flour to famine- stricken areas. Secretary of Agriculture Anderson has ready an order to cut American supplies of flour 25 percent, but he is withholding his signature ending further efforts of the three countries to agree on joint relief efforts. The American government is taking the position that the major burden is falling upon this country and that Canada and Great Britain could contribute more than they have offered. It is the official view here that both Britain and Canada could cut deeper into their reserves and reduce their own consumption further. Meanwhile, as the White House announced that President Truman will discuss the food crisis in a radio address at 7:15 p. m. (EST) tomorrow night, the chief executive's famine emergency committee called upon the government to adopt still more rigid food conservation measures. The committee headed by former War Food Administrator Chester Davis released, with Mr. f lr w a n mca> " -r , I Truman's aproval, a letcr of rec- ihn F«lr- eVCn ° y -1 ornmendations it sent to the White CIQ Will Attempt to Purge , Southern Democrats Who Did Not Vote for Truman Bills By JAMES MARLOW Washington, April 17 ® •(/P)—The nurif ihn F«r- quarter of the Eskimos use em it House April 9 certainly proves there is such a thing as an igloo. What Ihe otner Ihree-quarlers of the Eskimos think about it doesn't matter. The way the Encyclopedia Britannica looks at 11 you might say tnrec-quarters of Americans don't know what a house is, according to tne Hope Star. * -X -U By JAMES THRASHER Final Statement Withheld Lt. Gen. Masaharu Homnu., the "Beat of Bataan,' kept his dale with a U. S. Army tiring squad the other day, just six weeks afler his uniformed comrade-in-crime, LtrGen. Tomoyuki Yamashita, "Tiger^of Luzon," stretched a hang- man''^ noose. Thus died, in the Phillpaine capital they did so much to " war CIO is Fathering a double drive with deeply important political and social goals. The two drives will prove to be cosely related. 1 . The CIO Political Action Committee will take a very active part in the congressional elections this year. The primaries start soon. 2. The CIO itself, beginning in May, will open a $1,000,000 campaign to organize unorganized workers of the south into unions. Take the CIO-PAC first: Organized'in 1943, it was an active nnd effective force in the 1944 presidential-congressional e 1 c c - tions. Yesterday the CIO-PAC laid down a 17-point program for the 1946 congressional elections. The program backed the Roosevelt foreign and economic policies and then said: "The coalition .of poll-tax democrats and reactionary republicans thwarts the peoples' program." Sidney Hillman, CIO-PAC Chairman, said: 1. The national CIO-PAC will make .no ..endorsement and has no blacklist. ' , • . 2. The National PAC will "supply: the. state and* local PACS with plenty of 'information on issues and the voting record of congressional candidates. 3. Then, with this information, it will be up to the state and local PAGS to support the candidates they wish. The PAC, Hillman said, is asking a contribution of $1 on a voluntary bass from each member of the CIO, which claims 6,000,000. He sad the PAC hopes to be a factor "in at least 100 key congressional districts." Then, in answer to a reporter's question, Hillman said: There's no doubt the local PAC organizations will try to defeat have voted with republicans in opposing the administration pro gram. In this way, of course, the local PACS will be following the program laid down by the National PAC. Now take the ; CIO organizing drive in the sooth: The CIO in May will send 200 organizers into the south, operating with a $1,000,000 fund 'supplied by CIO Unions. CIO President Philip Murray recently called this organizing drive a "crusade to emancipate XXX the economic serfs of the soulh where people are still; persecuted and suffer much." ,'• Then, making it plain that the CIO is thinking of the political those southern democrats who Ifore that time. dygecrate, the two principal criminals among .-'Japanese field commanders. A most fitting end. Or,v£,it- cl pn end? , > -Yamashita; who went to his revered ancestors in the "disgrace" of'an undecoratod fatigue uniform with only a rope for a necktie, favored his executioners with a gracious pardon for their injustice to him. But Homma, permitted an "honorable" death in full military regalia, did not feel constrained to dilute the sacredness of his worldly exit with consideration for infidel Americans. He refused to make a final slalernenl. This is not necessarily lo say lhal Ihe "Beast" has been eternally denied voice. His "final statement" it seems to us, has merely been withheld for the time being. It is now being prepared, in Wasnington and in Tokyo, in London and in Nagoya, at Hunter College and al Tokci Institute. When at last it is released, il will determine which ideology truly won World War 11, and wnether the savage philosophy of Yamashita and Homma really died wilh them. The American courts-martial which passed judgment on the "Tiger" and on the "Beast" viewed the trials as an opportunily further to impress the Japanese people with the fairness and the impartiality of democratic processes, These men, obviously guilty of the most heinous crimes against humanity, were accorded super- scrupulous legal consideration, thought they long since had been condemned by outraged international public opinion. And were the Nipponese convinced of the desirability of democracy? We rather ihink not. It is more probable lhat they • regarded the courts' deliberation as mildly interesting preliminaries lo an in- evilable end— the pronouncement of death senlences. The evidence is present in abundance, it seems to us. Yamashita's conviction was followed by mass demonstrations of protest in Tokyo; Hqmma's by public exhibitions at grief for this maii:who "but did his duty to the Emperor." The democratic general elections of April 10, which have given rise to so many foreign eulogies, have aroused so litlle interest in Japan that the lightest of voting turn-outs is expected, despite the national holiday decreed. Public criticism of Hirohito is still socially intolerable. And Ihe "magnificent" new constitution remains but an historic piece of paper. The final returns are not yet in, of course. The Sninloislic fanaticism of Yamashita and Homma may yet be eradicated. But so far it has more than hehj ils own in what remains of the "Grealer East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere." : 0 To Receive Bids for Construction of Stock Show s Little Rock, April 18 —W 1 )— The Stale Board of Fiscal Control is scheduled to receive sealed bids to morrow for improvement work al The leter declared that present voluntary measures are inadequate and said existing price control regulations are causing excessive feeding of grain to livestock. It urged the government to hike ceiling prices on corn and by-product protein feeds — an action which, the committee said, would curtail livestock feeding and thereby make more grain available for food for Ihe hungry abroad. There was no immediate indication whether any action will be taken on the corn price recommendation. This step has been suggested from time to time in recent weeks, but it has been resisted by government stabilization officials on the ground that it would constitute a break in the hold-the-line price policy. Urging immediate adoption of the proposed flour . restfictibn order, the'famine .'committee declared that the *£overmv.ei,t's vol- „_._ untary program under which con-' the general chairmanship to Mr. fAP)—Means Associated Prest (NEA)—Means Newtoaoer EnteroMta As»'n. PRICE 5c COPY New Oil Field Brought in at Willisville A new oil field, three miles from the nearest production, was reported today for Willisville when Charles F. Steele brought in a 100- barrel -well for the firm in whidh he and R. D. Franklin, of Hope, are equal partners. The announcement was made from Mr. Franklin's office here by A. H, Boswell, an associate. The well's location is the center of the north ISalf of the northwest of the northeast of Section 20-14-21. It is half a mile east of Willisville, and three miles from the old Waterloo oil field, the nearest proven all in Nevada county. 25 mn " Key Provisions of OPA Knocked Out by Rebel Lower House said: The organizers will go there to bring about the "economic and political emancipalion of millions of people here in the United States who arc deprived of those opportunities today." Just as the CIO-PAC program denounced "poll'tax democrats," Murray is Ihinking of the poll tax in .connection with the organizing drlveJV-JKe said: . • "Wje- have been reading about many things in the south for many years—poll tax, low wages and the inability of the average poor wage earner to vote on election day. XXX "The CIO has got to-go into the south to carry the mes'sage of America to the people dovyn there." ' : . >:;• The CIO may be starting, too late in 1946 to be able, effectively, to throw the weight of the workers it is seeking to organize • into the 1946 eleclions. But—if the CIO drive adds any substantial number of members to the CIO rolls, they should,'-be an important factor in the pre- sidenl)ial-cong(reBsional electi o 'n s and perhaps in state elections be- Mr. Steele's report to Mr. Franklin's office said the oil is of 16 giavity, from Ihe Nacatoch sand. The top of the sand was encountered at 1,206 feet, and the bottom at 1,252. The Willisville wildcat is Mr. Sleele's second consecutive oil strike, having brought in a well in virgin territory at Stephens, Ouachita county, a month and a half ago. Mr. Steele. is a pioneer drilling operator, .being the man who Drought in the second well in the old Waterloo field in 1922. Sunrise Event Easter Began Decade Ago Ten years ago the vision for a profitable Union Sunrise Easter Service came to Roy Anderson. The high-school stadium seeemed to present, an ideal arrangement fpr such.^a service. When the matter was presented .to the Ministerial Alliancej,:by.-. Roy Anderson, the membership concurred and. gave sumers are asked to eat 40 .percent less wheat products, will not save as much as had been expect"ed. Other steps the committee urged include requirements for closer trimming of meal to save fat, a ban on the use of edible tallow and oleo oils in soap making and a priority system for. makers of farm machinery and parts. Mr. Truman's Friday night radio speech on the famine crisis will be carried over Ihe four major nel- works. He will speak for three or '.our minutes on a program -(which also will include former President Herbert Hoover, speaking from Cairo. Mr. Hoover is surveying the the Arkansas grounds here. Livestock show- The board also has called for tomorrow a tender for purchase of non-highway obligations in advance of maturity. o The moon has no lighl, twilight, no dawn, no sunrises or sunsets, no clouds, fogy, winds, rain. Anderson. He has continued to efficiently fill this place these ten years. Rev. R. B. Moore, pastor of First Methodist church, is chairman of the program this year. Rev. H. Paul Holdridge, pastor of Hope Gospel Tabernacle, is chairman of the publicity committee. Dr. Thomas Brewster, pastor of First Presbyterian church, is the speak- .er. Arrangements Tor the impressive early morning Easter Service have already been completed. The prograrn which appeared in an earlier issue of this paper has been well planned and offers to properly Record Crime Wave Grips the Nation By ROBERT T. Chicago, April 18 — (UP)— The war has left in its wake the greatest crime wave in at least 15 years — perhaps the greatest in the country's history, a nationwide,suK vey showed today. 3 < I. Sociologists attributed it to unemployment, reconversion layoffs and "war-broken" homes rather than thrill-bent returning service men. The survey showed that the biggest increases were in robberies, automobile thefts and burglaries. Homicides and sex crimes also increased sharply. The Federal Bureau of Investigation said the upswing was the greatest since 1930, when the bureau began tabulating nationwide crime statistics. Reports from 2,000 cities with a total of 65,000,000 inhabitants showed these increases for last year: Wage Bill to Exempt Many Small Papers Dallas, Tex., April 18 — (ff>) — W. J. Rogers, regional director of the U. S. Wage and Hour Division of the Department of Labor, said today an amendment to the minimum wage bill now before Congress would make many smaller daily newspapers in Arkansas exempt from the wage and hour law. Weekly or semi-weekly newspapers wilh less than 3,000 circulation, the greater part of which is in the area in which they are published, already are exempt from wage-hour laws. The new law, if passed, would exlend the exemption to daily newspapers in the same circulation class. Rogers said the wage-hour division has not been "making a drive" on newspapers in Arkansas, u He explained what inspections are made in two ways. First, inspections are made., upon com- ^:i_ • i, a ;n i . j ' ' ' i _" _ i '•• pot Frank Admits His Guilt as Pole Overlord By ANN STRINGER .Nuernberg. April 18 —(UP)— Bald Hans Frank, Nazi overlord of Poland, tossed off a pious confession of feeling "a terrible guilt within me" today and then got down to the business of asserting that he was guilty of hardly any war crimes at all. Frank, former governor general of Poland, testified in his own behalf before the war crimes court, Like the other defendants before him, he made an ostentatious gesture of shouldering the blame for his acts as a Nazi slavemaster, only to wheel about when the chips were down and shunt the responsibility to other Nazis. Brazenly the man who threatened to make "mincemeat" of the Polish people or force them to serve the "master race" told the tribunal he was resolved to bare his guilt. "I will bear my responsibility," he said. "When Adolf Hitler ended his life, I made a resolution that I would state that the responsibility for my deeds was mine as clearly as. I possibly could." He said he tu-rned over voluntarily to the American soldiers who arrested him the 43 volumes of his •® Washington, April 18 — (/P)—The® 1 -louse voted overwhelmingly today o continue OPA for nine months, )Ut inja form OPA Administrator 3 SuL' Porter said would wreck sri'ce control. It was one of Presi- lent Truman's worst legislative de- eats since he entered the White iouse a year ago. The roll-call vote on passage was 355 to 42. The House, meeting at 10 a. m. wo hours earlier than usual, ossed the amendment-ridden bill over to the Senate, where the White House said today that President Truman hopes for "much better results." Asked at a news conference if the chief executive had any comment on the House amendments, Press Secretary Charles G. Ross .old reporters: "Not for print." Asked if the president was going to "do anything about it?" Ross eplied: •••.•• "He hopes for much better results in-the Senate." He did not elaborate. A bloc of Democrats, chiefly from the South, combined with Republicans voted yesterday to so amend the bill that Chester Bowles economic stabilizer, said the House had started "a joy ride toward economic disaster." Earlier, the House refused on a 370 to 20 roll call vote to shelve the continuation bill, rejecting a motion by Rep. Rankin (D-Miss) to send it back to the Banking Committee. Before the final vote was taken, Rep. Sabath CD-Ill), 80-year old dean of the .House, shouted to his colleagues: "You have murdered OPA!" OPA Chief Porter estimated thai if the agency collapses because of congressional amendments, con- diary in which he recorded fhe i sumer prices might skyrocket as 4- :_ T-i_i—i —3 <_:- _, ... much as 50 percent over presen' levels. On .final"passage.by the House 205 Democrats, 148 Republicans and two minor party members voted .for the bill Opposing were 33 Republicans and nine .Demo crats. •Bowles termed the measure "im possible" after' ; a 35-minute con ference with the president. •', Asked by White House reporters events in Poland and his share in them. Asked by his lawyer, Alfred- Seidl, whether he felt guilty of violating international law and of crimes against humanity, 'Frank said: • . ' '• •'•'".• "I have only to say that I am asking this tribunal to decide upon the degree' of my guilt at the • end of this case. Speaking from the foreign foodI situation •for• fir Vru emphasize The resurrection of our Robberies, 23.6 per cent; auto oicign food situation foi Ml. Tiu- (Loi r d The - mombership of aU c hur-' thefts, 18.7; burglaries, 17; negli- Spring Salad Costs Alaska Woman $16 for Single Dish Anchorage, Alaska. April 18 —I/PI— A housewife newly arrived from Ihe stales ordered the ingredients for one standard sized salad today without asking the prices and wound up by paying $16.20 for the dish. With Alaskan ports closed to incoming produce by a longshoremen's strike for higher wages and retroactive pay, bananas cost 75 cents per pound, lettuce 75 cents .per pound,.tomatoes $1.10 each and cucumbers the same. Freight planes are flying in some supplies and the striKers have given permission for some fishing craft- to carry produce north. o ' The swordfish's sword is nearly half as long as the fish itself. ches, the citizenry of Hope and surrounding communities will receive a hearty welcome at this Tenth - Annual Community Easter Morning Prayer Service. In the event 01 inclement weather, the services will be held in the high school auditorium. , Q, Dr. Thos. Brewster in Baccalaureate, Columbus, Sunday Columbus High School will hold ' ' ' 3 the its baccalaureate service at o'clock Sunday afternoon at school, Dr. Thomas Brewster, pastor of Hope's First Presbyterian church, preaching the sermon. Q Helium was discovered by human eyes in the sun by the study of its light long before it was found on earth, Sprinkle rosemary on beef before roasting. Combine it with basil and marjoram for herb garni, especially in turtle soup. Use it in lamb dishes, in soups and stews, gence manslaughters, 16.2; murders, 10.1; aggravated assaults, 8.7; larcenies, 8.6; rape 5.7. In,., several midwest cities sex crimes and homicides, including an unusually large number of multiple and mutilation murders, increased markedly. Detroit reported 43 homicides last week, Chicago 7 and New York City 5. The Chicago Crime Commission said social and economic maladjustments, disrupted homes, and local conditions which breed de' linquency — the same things which 1 caused the crime problem after the last war — are present today. Reports from cities showing marked crime increases include: Miami — March, 1946, total G10, including three homicides, compared with tolal arrests of 485 for same period last year. Atlanta — Tolal arrests for March, 1946, 10,706; total arrests for March, 1945, 7,420. o- Irwin Williamson, Not Afraid of Aztec Curse, Expects to Find Montezuma's Lost Gold Editor's Note: Irwin A. Williamson, deep-sea diver now seeking $30,000,000 worth of gold believed in the sunken galleon "Sanla Rosa" between Key West and Havana, gave the following slory to the United Press from one of his search craft. He did not comment on reports that his claim to the treasure will be conlesled in court.) By IRWIN A. WILLIAMSON Written For United Press In The Florida Keys, April 17 — (Via Radio-Telephone) — (UP) — Wilhin the next few days I hope lo find Ihe gold of Montezuma where it lies on the boltom of the sea. I have no faith in the legendary curse of the Aztec chief. We have been driven away from the searcli many times, but it was the weather each time. The occasion of last Saturday — when we found the Santa Rosa's hulk — was the heaviest to bear. The sea has kepi us from diving for four days, but loday we should slart again. The search for the gold will not be over in a few hours. It will take us several days to make sure that myself and Ihe other divers will be able to work safely. We will have lo chip a way through the coral — 18 inches to three feel thick ^Ihat covers the hulk. Then we must string lights so that we may work and the cameramen may take pictures. I believe thai on aboul Ihe third day, we will be able to enter the ship. The decks of the "Santa Rosa" appear to be hard, but we have not tested to see if this is merely a coral layer lhat would give way under our feet. II may be that we will have to cut a hole through the coral and the heavy timbers, and enter the vessel from the side. All this would mean more delay. We have made careful diagrams, Terminal Leave Pay Now Likely Washington, April 18 — (A^i — Hopes of terminal leave pay soared today for millions of GI's as a majority of nouse members signed on the dolled line in their behalf. ers, or anyone. checks" of all types of industries are made upon assignment from headquarters in Dallas. He said it was possible some Arkansas newspapers had been inspected, either on a spot basis or following complaints, but that he \yas not familiar with the situa- lion. The Dallas office covers four states, Texas, Arkansas, Oklahoma and New Mexico. Offices are in Oklahoma "City, 'Albuquerque, Lil- tle Rock, Dallas, Houston, San Antonio and Fort Worth. The Litle Rock office is under Charles Routon, and has five wage- hour inspectors who average $3,000 a year in salaries, Rogers said. He said there; was no concerted drive being made in Arkansas. He said the 'main job of his bureau was to see that employers complied with provisions of.the wage- hour law and to check records. He said failure to keep records, either because employers were mis informed or ignorant of the law, was his only crilicism. Rogers said inspections of newspapers have be.en made during the entire life of the wage-hour bill when Ihe newspapers were in in- t^stale commerce. He paid the wage-hour law has covered papers during the whole period. This was lested once by a small New York newspaper, which carried ils case to the Supreme Court. Lumbering Hindered by OPA, Charge Litlle Rock, April 18 — (/P)— Ca- pacily operation in the southern pine industry is not possible unlil the Office of Price Administration offers sufficient price inducements lo provide manufacturers a profit, C. C. Sheppard of Clarke, La., declared here yeslerday. Shepard, former president of . , the Southern Pine Associalion, loday for millions of GI's as a ma-'spoke al Ihe 41st annual conven- very depth of my sentiment and if he would resign in the event i from the experience of five passs both houses in its presen months at this trial, I want to say now that I have gained an insight into all that has been committed, and I feel'a terrible guilt within me.""--!«-•-*•• •'- . -'•*•.;-•• , ' :With a flat "ye's'Mie>'cprJceded-his r guilt in helping plan the extermination of Jewry, and said "thousands of years will pass and this guilt of Germany .still will not be erased." But after mouthing of his conscience and his responsibility, he interjected: "I myself never ordered the "establishment of concentration camps, but if Adolf Hitler personally turned over that dreadful responsibility to his people, then it must be mine too." Seidl asked him if he wanted war. He answered: "One cannot want war. War is something terrible. We did hot want war. We wanted Germany to be great, free and healthy. It was my dream, and the dream of everyone, to bring about a revision of the Versailles treaty, but in this world of pacts between nations only that man who was strong had anything to say. Germany had to become strong first before she Unless the representatives change their minds, the House on May 13 will vole to give all enlisted personnel, including those already discharged, the same accrued leave pay consideration now given to officers. On that day the legislation will come before the House automatically .under so-called discharge procedure. The 218lh signature to a petition taking tne legislation out of the hands of Ihe Military Committee and puling it on the House business calendar was affixed yesterday. The earliest Ihe bill can be called up for a vole will be May 13 and Rep. Dwighl Rogers (O- Fla), who started the discharge campaign, told reporters he would to determine where we should en-1 demand action that day. ter the hulk. The gold, which I Although a military subcommit- think is in bar form oririolsor lee had aproyed the legislation, furniture and other nicknacks, Ihc full committee shelved il afler should be on the bottom along the the budget bureau reported it keel. The Spaniards used much of! would conflict with the budget, their cargo as ballast, and put the heaviest materials along the keel. Continued on Page Two which made no provision for such an expenditure estimated by the bureau at "several billions." lion of Ihe Arkansas Associalion of lumber dealers. He blamed OPA for the decline in southern pine production, asserting that 11,761,000,000 board feet were produced in 1929, compared to only 7,400,000,000 in 1945. Sheppard oslimaled lhal from 50 lo 75 per cent of all pine lumber manufactured was being sold on Ihe black market. Basic Science Test for Chiropractors Subject of Suit Lille Rock, April 18— (JP>— A suit filed in chancery court here yesterday seeks to restrain the State Board of Chiropracticc examiners He said he had no control over concentration camps, that the SS were "decent, clean and soldierly," lhal he never had hoslages snot, that Heinrich Himmler "lossed my orders and suggestions into the waslebaskel," that he introduced forced labor in Poland "only as a necessity to the reconstruction of the country itself.' ' He maintained that the German occupation actually improved the status of the Polish people. He said he eslablished seminars and introducted measures to aid in the education of priests. "The tragic case of two bishops who were shot touched me ly," Frank said. deep- Frank s-aid he firsl heard of Ihe Maidanek concentration camp in 1944, and was prevented by Hitler form, he would not say. He di say, however, that he did not see "what, could be ; . done" to maintain price controls •under "it.'". • As'.tq whe'ther there was any dis cussion of a -.veto: with the presi dent, he told reporters he couldn' Russia Is Reported Loser in UN By MAX HARRELSON New York, April 18 —(/P)—Sov- ," et Russia was reported today to lave lost a strenuous battle be- ind closed doors to have the United Nations Security Council's 7. procedure experts rule against urther consideration ,of. the Iran-, H an case. . .. „• „ ** As the council prepared t<* meet at ,2; p. m. (Central Standard f Mme), the committee of experts m rules and procedure was said jy informed quarters to be split eight to three, with the majority Voiding that the case could legal- y' be kept 9n the Agenda. The council was expected to resume its debate on the controversial Spanish question at the open- ng of the session, while thej ex^ *i pdrts completed drafting majority \ ind minority reports, expressing.,.} the committee's split opinionvon,'' the Iranian question. * ["&* Sources close to the committee said these reports, based on . a study of Secretary-General Trygve Lie's Opinion that there might be no legal grounds for keeping, the case on the Agenda, would be submitted to the council by 3:30 K or 4 p. m. (Central Standard Time). This was expected to open the way- for a renewed floor fight oyer. K the .legality of maintaining juris- K diction over the case, lineup say. "We want price control," he de clared. "Price control would b impossible as Ihe bill stands now.' The bill's major clauses now ca' for pi-ices guaranteeing ^'reason able profit" to all manufacturer- and distributors; scraping government food subsidies; repeal of the low-cost clothing production program, and an end to the "cost absorption" controls limiling prices on autos. radios and the like. in the commitee of experts was the same as that during the council, debate earlier this week— -Russia, Poland and France insisting: that the questioin should ' be dropped. 4 ' The other eight members, led by U.S. Delegate Edward H. Stet- tinius, Jr have argued that the case should be kept on the Agenda until May 6, the date on which , Russia has promised to have all * her troops out of Iran. ' - J 4 There was some possibility-; that " 'th'e' council^ might reach jil rf"'shdw-* 1 down vo'te -late In the' day. 1 Meanwhile, Sir Alexander Cadogan, British Delegate, was scheduled to lead off in the Spanish > debate with an assault on some o£ ' .the arguments advanced yester r day by Polish Delegate Oscar Lange in his pled that members- of 'the United Nations . break diplomatic relations with Franco' Spain. • • '.'..'• The British position was repre- 1 sented as being similar ,if thatt voiced yesterday by Stettinius: (U That Britain wanted to see the ' E =mic Q1 StabTlizer '' Chester Danish people ^emselves Bowles deplored the House measure as the beginning of "a, joyride toward economic disaster," OPA Chief Paul Porter said if the House action is sustained in the Senate it "amounts to repeal of price control." But the House, .having missed out on a final vote late last night after a stormy marathon session, expected to toss the bill as is over to the Senate in short order. Whether it will fare beter in that body was problematical. Indeed, so great was President Truman's congressional set-back on economic policy that r.umors swept the capitol that both Bowles and Porter, would resign. However, Bowles went on a radio network and declared he expected to "see this thing through to the fin- Nevertheless, close friends of the Uvo men predicled privately later that they would resign "without question" should the House bill become law. "What possible reason would they have for staying on?" asked one associate. "What was left certainly wouldn't be price control." Only rent control survived the House rebellion unscathed. The chamber 1 beat back all efforts to and Himmler from learning the revise rent ceilings. truth about it. Continued on Page Two And Now Peacemaker General Marshall Has to Do It All Over Again in Warring China By RICHARD GUSHING (For Hal Boyle) Shanghai, April 18 — (/P)— The dclicately-conslrucled peace engineered by General Marshall in his first three months in China crum- on both sides and Ihe whole structure of unity was shaken. Marshall, who carries more prestige in China than probably any other foreigner ever enjoyed, now faces a problem as tough as the put the Franco regime and (2) that it wanted this to be done without starting another civil war. British sources said Sir Alexander's attitude would be that he welcomed a full discussion qf". the i Spanish question but that much' stronger evidence than that presented by Lange would have to be put forward to convince him the Franco government was a serious menace to world peace. On the other side, Mexican For- „• eign Minister Fraiicipco 'Castillo I; Najera was scheduled to take the: floor again to attack the position taken by Stettinius, Mexicp,'*'along with France, vigorously supported Poland's move against the franco regime yesterday. -'.'.'' ,, Foreign Minister Eelco N. Van Kleffens of The Netherlands opposed the Lange resolution. Soviet Delegate Andrei A. Gromyko gave no indication . as to when he would speak, but; it was generally believed he woiild back Ihe Polish resolution. The Polish position was set forth by Lange in an hour-long speech in which he charged that tne Franco government originally was a creature of Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy, lhat it served in wartime as an active Axis partner and thai it now has "caused a state of international friction by compelling Ihe French Republic to close her borders with Spain by massing troops on the borders of France." He declared that Franco Spain was a "dangerous remnant of the Axis" and that it was a definite threat to international peace. "The Franco regime has allowed the territory of Spain to become a refuge of German assets, tor German personnel and for German scienlisls engaged in pursuits dan- serous for Ihe peace of mankind," Lange asserted. To support this claim, he said there were some indications of Nazi scientific efforts to carry on | :3 i nmi n t'ocnfii-oli i»i St"t a i« *a t-n-1 t?i> rr_ ' Ti . r, i ,. , , , i , i *--iiJiia icist \_/iu 10 in It is generally believed here that Truman's request. .. , . . „ , . . . , . it! V-V-J Cl JJ1 \Jl_l4t-4IJ Q O lUVl^ll WJ HIV. il CW, I ^V,1V-HV11J\_ Wi-LU J. IO tu V O1 1 J VJ1L bled at its foundations during his one ho tackled when he came to atomic research in Spain and sug- absence of less lhan five, weeks. L J China lasl Christmas at President gested that weapons even more terrible than the atomic bomb might be under experimentation there. He referred to charges of the Spanish government in exile that il will lake all his diplomacy and prestige to again prop up China's wobbling internal structure. Both the Kuomintang and the Communists have praised his work, and not once has a Chinese When the special U. S. envoy leflj accused him of bias, but observers for Washington March 11, structure looked fairly solid. Marshall ha dbrought General- lissimo Chiang Kai-Shek's Kuomin- tang and the Chinese Communist together for a truce. It had been agreed lo bring Communist divi- . _ sions into a national army ol GO di- froni issuing licenses to applicants j visions, one-fifth its war-time size, from other stales unless Ihcy meet | Only a few hours before he left, requiiements of Arkansas' basic a Kuominlang-Comnumisl truce science law. Prosecuting Attorney Sam Robbinson filed the suit, alleging that the board is licensing out-of-state applicants by reciprocity without requiring them to present P. certificate of ability in the basic committee agreed to send ils trou- ble-sholing teams into Manchuria. It seemed likely a coalilion government would be formed while he was away. Afler lie left, however, the situation in Manchuria deterioatod to open conflict, suspicion;, sprouted that are wondering now how long he can walk the middle path. Marshall's first task will be to slop the fighting in Mnvhuria. which undoubtedly prompted his unexpectedly quick return to China. His second task will be to persuade the Kuomintang and the Communists lo live up to the political agreements they already have made. Government reorganization to include other parties besides the now-ruling Kuomintang as planned at January's unity conference was checked because the Communists accused the Kuomintang of violat- Continued on Page Two Franco had a ' quarter million troops massed along Ihe French border and a lotal of 450,000 bivouacked within striking distance of France. ;ind to charges that Franco luid 100,000 Nazis and former Vichy French militia under arms. "Do we have to wait until they open fire on each other?" he demanded. If waistline is large, avoid accenting the waist with wide pr contrasting belts. Try to achieve an unbroken line from shoulder to hem with panel fronts and coat type dresses. More lhan one-seventh of Mexico is forested.

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