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Herald and Review from Decatur, Illinois • Page 15

Publication:
Herald and Reviewi
Location:
Decatur, Illinois
Issue Date:
Page:
15
Extracted Article Text (OCR)

Decatur "VOLUME 35, NO. 219. THE WEEK'S SOCIETY HOUSEHOLD EXCHANGE LERALD. UUJAIUR ILLINOIS. SUNDAY MORNING, MAY 14, 1916.

PRICE, 5 CENTS. ALTAR TO MACON COUNTY MAN ON RIM OF GRAND CANYON. HOME OF DECATUR MOOSE TO BE HANDSOME STRUCTURE. Veterans Make for Efficiency of Fire Dept. Men Who Have Served for 20 Years or More on Decatur's Flame-Fighting Force.

view may De taken or Granite Gorge which Malor John Weslev Powell and his pasty braved in small open boats while exploring grand canyon? John Wesley Powell His wife accompanied hi mthroughout his service in the war. He came out a Lieutenant-colonel but he -was always ONUMENT TO MAJ. JOHN POWELL cduea iuajor. At the close of the Civil war Malor Powell became professor of geology in ine Illinois state Normal University at Normal and through this work he led a small party of students and naturalists in 1867 into the mountains of Colorado. His incidental exploration of two small canyons of the Grand river kindled his purpose which afterwards shaped his career, namely to explore the canyons of the Grand and Green U.

S. Commemorates Grand Canyon Exploration by Former Macon County Man. TEACHER IN LONG CREEK Memorial Overlooks Mysterious River Whose Terrors He Braved. J. A.

Scribins, Architect Building that will be opened for accommodation of local lodge Oct. 1. ASSISTANT Chief Edward Piatt has served in the first department for twenty-eight years. He ante-dates Captain Sam Morthland just two weeks and he has been continuously in the service since April, 1888. The tall man of the department blushes when he admits It but he is a truthful man ond confesses that he is one of the few men in the service who Is entitled to the endearing term "grandpa." None would guess it, to look at his youthful countenance.

He is in charge of Station No. 2. In the winter of 1S54 John Wesley OLD ROSE VELVET CURTAIN FOR NEW THEATER. Powell, a young man twenty years of sze fresh from Oberlin College, taught hool Long Creek township in the Emerson school locited about four and one-half miles east of Decatur on the Cantrell street road. One evening a week he held a singing school in the JOHN" WESLEY POWELL, Once school teacher in Long Creek township, later one of the West's most famous explorers and student of Indians.

school house where he taught music and through the music he also taught seograthv. and patriotism. They sang: "Of the mighty nations. In the Esst or in the West, Oh, this glorious Yankee nation! Is the greatest and the best. From the great Atlantic ocean, Whsre the sun begins to dawn, Leips across the Rocky Mountains.

Tzr away to Oregon Come along, come along Make no delay. Rivers and of the then mysterious Colorado River which their union forms. The following summer he organized his expedition and his great adventure, the passage of the Grand Canyon of the Colorado, was made in the summer of 1S69. Geological Survey Organized. Major Powell's desire to continue in work of similar nature prompted him to seek annual appropriations for conducting an independent survey of the Territories.

In this work he continued until, through his agency, the Geological Survey was organized in 1S79. At his solicitation Clarence King accepted the position of first director. The same year the Bureau of Ethnology under the Smithsonian Institution was organized through his efforts. Of this he was appointed director. In 1SS1 Clarence King resigned the directorship of the Geological Survey and Major Powell was appointed as his successor by President Garfield.

Major Powell continued in charge of both bureaus until his resignation as Director of the Geological Survey in 1894. Subsequent to that he devoted his attention entirely to the Bureau, of Ethnology, of wheh he was director until his death in September, 1902. The Geological Survey was built into an efficient organization under the personal direction and guidance of Major Powell. T.lved With Indians. After Major Powell's resignation as Director of the Geological Survey his time was occupied in his ethnological work.

He spent much time in the study of the Indians, living with various tribes for the purpose of gaining a knowledge of the race. He became deeply interested in the religion of the Indian and one of his interesting deductions from his study was that the Indian was deeply religious and that his religion was the basis of his strong morality. Hence when the effort was made to civilize and Christianize the Indian, his natural religion being taken from him without establishing the spiritual basis in the new religion, he became the prey to his passions which have made him the victim of diseases which are rapidly depleting the race. Major Powell had associated with him in the early days of his work In the West a brother-in-law, Harry MOOSE BUILDING TO BE READY OCT. 1 Lodge Room 78 Feet Longi Grill and Billiard Rooms Are Features of New Home.

Cotre frr.m every nation Come from every way States reclamation service which has developed the irrigation system of the West. He is now the head of the service and has for a number of years been chief engineer. This family, so closely interwoven with the history of Macon County, has done a great work in the development of the United States. Major Powell was an earnest champion of the rights of the people Our lane's are broad enough Have no alarm-- For Uncle Sam is lich enough To pive us all a farm." Singing the names of states, capitals. "vers ar.d their lengths, capes, bayi as against the vested interests, and his ir.d mountain peaks impressed them in way never to be forgotten.

This John Wesley Powell is the Major Powell to whose memory the altar will dedicated on the rim of The Grand Canon in Arizona soon. Workmen have completed the laying of the foundation for the new Moose building in the 200 block West Wood street. The contracts call for the completion of the entire, building by October 1. The building will be of brick and stone construction and of classical design. Besides the boiler and coal rooms the basement will contain a gymnasium, showers and lockers.

The main entrance will be in Wood street. The lobby will be 16x14 feet. Besides the lobby their will be cloak, rooms, par- nephew. Arthur C. Davis, has always stood for the same high standards.

Arthuur Davis is a brother of Buel T. Davis of Decatur. Description of Memorial. The memorial is -an altar decorated in Indian imagery and supporting a bronze tablet, resting upon a pyramidal base of rough-hewn stone. Fifteen steps lead from the west up to the altar floor.

from which one may gaze into the very heart of the glowing mile-deep can-lor. gill room, card room, dining room, billiard room, reading rooms and kitch en on the first floor. On the second floor will be the main lodge room, dining room, ladies parlors, lounging room and property ASUH.UER WAGGONER, Architects. Thompson. As the work went on the rooms.

The lodge room will be 50x78 Explorer of the Cnnyon. The inscription on the altar is: "Erected by the Congress of the ''nitH States to M.i.i. John Wesley Powell, first explorer of the Grand Canyon, who descended the river -with Ms party in row boats, traversing the beneath this point August 17. and asaln September 1. Major Powell is an uncle of Maud Powell, the greatest woman violinist, ird of our fellow townsman.

Buel T. Paris. "hen the call come for volunteer's in the Civil war Malor Powell recruited "Powell Battery" In this county. He served through the war losing his htarm in the battle of Shiloh. Af-T the los of the arm he "wrote a to his mother with his left hand.

'H receipt of which was an event of filled Interest to the community. umns showing at each side of the cur need of scientific knowledge along the line of conservation of water power throw the illumination against th ceiling. Mandel Brothers of Chicago furnished the curtains. feet. There will be a balcony over the lodge room.

A monogram will be the only design in the play curtain for the Lincoln square theateV. The draperies will be of old ivory. The giant plaster col- tain will support the lighting system for the entire theater, a bowl containing many powerful electric lights which yOU. It IS a SUUCluie UIlii aimc the rugged, forceful personality of the man and of the titanic chasm which it overlooks. Overlooks Granite Gorge.

The spot chosen for the meniorial Is Sentinel Point, a promontory south of the railway station, which commands a particularly fine view of the Granite Gorge and of the river, whose unknown terrors of whirlpool and cataract the Powell party braved in small open boats. The structure, which is built of weathered limestone from the neighborhood, has a rectangular base 21 by 2S feet. The altar carries on its east was realized and a nephew of these men, Arthur C. Davis, then a student in Kansas State Normal at Emporia, was asked to work with them and he be side a medallion portrait of Major Powell in bronze bas-relief by Leila PART OF GOLDEN HORSESHOE OF BOXES." came an e-rert in the ijsher. The Dedication Ceremonies.

science of handling water. He made the maps and invented instruments necessary for the. work. Since 1SS0 The 'general effect is unobtrusive, natural, and appropriate. A few small, gnarled trees grow close by, Arthur C.

Davis has been In the United but do not obstruct the view. The structure stands back from the edge sufficiently to permit visitors in con BOULDER ON WHICH PLATE WILL BE PLACED MARKING G. A. R. TREE SIGHT.

siderable numbers to group themselves in front. The memorial which Secretary Lane has now "realized was planned at the International Geological Congress of 1904, in recognition of Major Powell's distinguisned services as Director of the United States Geological Survey. In March. 1909, Congress appropriated $5,000 for the purpose, "in recognition of ms distinguished public services as a soldier, explorer, and administrator of Government scientific work." Dr. Holmes chose the site.

The orginal purpose was to make the memorial a Roman chair facing the canyon. Last spring Secretary Lane substituted an altar for the chair, and were related of parties entering the gorge in boats and being carried down with fearful velocity into whirlpools, where all were overwhelmed in the abyss of waters; others, of underground passages for the great river, into which boats had passed never to be seen again. It was currently believed that the river was lost under the rocks for several hundred miles. There were other accounts of great falls, whose roaring music could be heard on the distant mountain summits." Into the Great Unknown. The start into "the Great Unknown" was made on August 13.

The party, consisting of 10 men in four boats, had been afloat since their start from Green River City on May 24. Two of the boats were decked, forming watertight compartments. Now. after three months of laborious battle with rapids and waterfalls and the still more laborious exploration of innumerable side canyons, they had reached, with scant provisions, the supreme test of strength and courage. "What falls there are." says his diary, "we know not; what rocks beset the channel, we know not; what walls rise on the river, we know not.

Ah. well, we may conjecture many things. The men talk as cheerfully as ever; jests are bandied about freely this morning: but to me the cheer is somber and the jests are ghastly." The following day comes the first of many tests. The diary goes on: First of Many Upsets. "About 11 o'clock we hear a great roar ahead, and approach it very cautiously.

The sound grows louder and louder as we run. and at last we find ourselves above a long, broken fall, with ledges and pinnacles of rock obstructing the river. There is a descent of perhaps 75 or 80 feet 4n a third of a mile, and the rushing waters break into great waves on the rocks, and lash themselves into a mad. white foam. We can land just above, but there is no foothold on either side by which we can make a portage.

Tt is nearly a thousand feet to the Mark Daniels, then general superintendent and landscape engineer of Ih ii HI fit'- t- National Parks, designed the structure as it stands today. This memorial, so expressive of the spirit and character of the man whose life work it celebrates, and so admirably located, will be formally dedicated early this summer. Secretary Lane's purpose is to make the event one of impressive importance. If. as is expected.

Congress meantime makes the Grand Canyon a national park (it Is a national monument now), the two dedications will take place together, making a celebration altogether notable in the history of national parks. Devotional Fires on the Altar. This memorial, embodying to a remarkable degree the essential spirit of the Grand Canyon, is planned to become the scene of perhaps daily ceremonials of a most interesting charac- JUL be of ornamental plaster. All woodwork will be mahogany. The row of boxes will make a com plete circuit of the main floor.

The front of the boxes and the balcony will I ter. reviving the spirit and to some ex tent the practice of the ancient religious forms in vogue among the origi- jnal Indian tribes of the neighborhood. top of the granite, so it win ce mi- possible to carry our ooats arounu, thouerh we can climb to the summit up "Hurled back from a rock, now on this side, now on that, we are carried into an eddy, in which we struggle for a few minutes, and are then out again, the breakers still rolling over us." How Bright Aagrel Was Xamed. The many thousands who have descended the Bright Angel Trail at the Grand Canyon' will be interested in this entry tinder the date of Aug. 16: "The little affluent which we have dlscoverd here is a clear, beautiful away we go, first on smooth but swift water, then we strike a glassy wave, and ride to its top, down- again into the trough, up again on a higher wave, and down and up on waves higher and stiil higher, until we strike one jusx it curls back, and a breaker rolls over our little "Still, on we speed, shooting past projecting rocks till the little boat is caught in a whirlpool and spun around several times.

At last we pull out again into the stream. boulder was secured I roni near Forsyth by a loral transfer Son" faa to Decatur, a. distance of 10 miles, last Monday. It willcarry i of gtae th big tree now standing, which is to be dedicated on May tne open although the tree is ffint. The idea is to make the marking more permanent than the tree i.

spected to live many years. I Devotional fireswul blaze upon tms altar. His great adventure, the passage of the Grand Canyon of the Colorado, was made in the summer of 1869. Until then it was unknown. Tet enough had been seen to foment rumor." he wrote in his report to the Smithsonian Institution, "and many wonderful stories have been told in the hunter's cabin and prospector's camp.

a side gulch, and. passing along a mile or two. can descend to the river. This we find on examination: but such a portage would be impracticable for us, and we must run the rapid or abandon the riverf There is no hesitation. We step into our boats, push off and (Continued on Page 13-).

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