Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on April 17, 1946 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Wednesday, April 17, 1946
Page 1
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• t£t Jntjf ^.1.*^ a -,J ?*«,*** •» ,'* ft' X* •*% I is Sb :'* I Pog« Six *^^ « MOPE STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS Tuesday, April 16. 1946 Lewis-Conn Fight to Be Televised Schenectady, N. Y., April 16 — (JP) — Thousands of boxing :'ans will see Champion Joe Louis and Challenger Billy Conn battle it out for the heavyweight championship June 19 from "ringside seats" in movie theaters. simultaneously with Yankee Stadium spectators. if Promoter Mike Jacobs carries out his newest idea. The head of the Twen-.ioth Century Sporting Club witnessed a vcl- evised wrestling match here yesterday and promptly declared it "wouldn't surprise" him if plans to cast the Yankee Stadium bout onto screens in theaters and in Madison Square Garden were carried out. Uncle Mike and Madison Square Garden officials flew here yesterday for the television demonstration which they witnessed in company with General Electric officials. The wrestlers put on their show in GE's television station ADVENTURES IN SPACE: The Story of Radar No. 12: The Invisible Navigator Does Distress Ot WEAKNESS ' ~ Make *>u Feel •A Wreck" On Such Days? Do you suffer from monthly cramps, headache, backache, feel nervous, Jittery, cranky, "on edge"—at such times—due to functional periodic disturbances? Then try Lydia E. Plnkham's Vegetable Compound to relieve such symptoms. Plnkham's Compound DOES MORE than relieve such monthly pain. It also relieves accompanying tired, weak feelings—of such nature. It 'has a soothing effect on one of woman's most important organs. Taken thruout the month—Pinkham's Compound helps build up resistance against such symptoms. It's also a great stomachic tonic! LYDIA E. PINKHAM'S Questions and Answers BT DAVID DIETZ • wotct Science \v"ritpr: Author o? "Atomic Energy In the Coming Era," Etc. ". (Written /or NEA Service-) (1) One form of radar that was im- Jiortant in World War II is known as << loran." It is expected to have an equally vital role in insuring safety in the air and at sea during peacetime. It will make automatic navigation of planes and ships possible. To guide these craft to their destinations, it will be necessary only to set the loran in- struments on the pilots' panels. Short- wave radio beams from four transmitting stations on land, many miles apart, .will do the job of navigation. • (2) The operation of loran may be visualized by a simple analogy. Suppose there tire four runners starting from four known locations. Each runs at the same speed and each carries a stop watch. As each arrives at a given point he stops his watch. The time shown on the watches is the time required for each runner to arrive at his destination. By the speed and the elapsed time, the distance of each runner from his starting point is determined. From this the location of the meeting point is easily calculated. (3) Operating a loran receiver, the navigator on a ship or plane receives signals from four stations. The signals travel all at the same speed, 186,000 miles a second. The navigator knows the exact location of each station. He knows the amount of time that has elapsed between the instant the signal was sent and the instant it was received. From the elapsed time he may calculate his position. But the automatic robot navigator may also do the calculating, and automatically keep the ship on a predetermined course. (4) Such devices as radar, which helped flyers in World War II to find their way on bombing missions over Tokyo or Berlin, may control the entire air traffic over the United States. Establishment of a network of 200. loran stations throughout the United States will enable airways traffic controllers any place in the country to see every plane in their given areas in its exact position at all times. „ TOMORROW: Storm Warnings- through with our plans the Louis-Conn meeting WRGB. The bout was cast onto a 12 by 15 foot screen in the civic playhouse. Jacobs didn't indicate how far from New York City or in how many theaters the project would be practicable. Declaring he was pleased \yith the "clarity" of the demonstration, Jacobs said in an interview: "It wouldn't surprise me if we could go to have televised on large screens." "Of course you know the bout is only a couple of months away," he added, "and that doesn't leave us much time to complete the details. But after what I saw this afternoon I think a lot of those fans who' will not be able to see the fight first hand will be given a chance to see it on the screen Ihrough this marvelous invention of television." Carrying through or Jacobs' plan would mark another step forward in boxing's pioneering progress. A PHONE 1125 FOR RESERVATIONS PINE Bowles Sees ion End This Year Washington, April 15 — (A>> — Economic Stabilizer Chester Bowles said today that if price controls stav in effect there is reasonable hope that "we will bo put of the woods of extreme inflationary clanger by the end of 1946." And if this happens, he testified at Senate Banking eommitee hearings, "controls can be lifted generally by June 30, 194-7, in all but the areas of acute shortage." Bowles opened the administration drive for a one-year extension of the office of price admin- I istration which otherwise expires 30, 1946. Chairman Wagner (D-NY) read a letter from John W. Snyder, re- conversion director, urging coiV tinuation of OPA without change and asking continuation of -ubsi- dies to keep down retail prices. 'Holiday' Draft Bill to Senate Located Yz Mile East of Hope on' Highway 67 FEATURING... • Good Steaks • Chicken Dinners • Bottle Drinks • Sandwiches of all Kinds TwOiPriv.ate Dining Rooms — Open from 5 P. M. to Midnight —— DANCING NIGHTLY Dinner 8t .Dance Dancing Only No Cover Charge . $1 per couple • . Robert Allen Milton Eason —— : PHONE 1125 FOR RESERVATIONS 607 Stitches Taken in Man Carved Up in Tavern Brawl Hot Sorings, April 15 — (UP) — Doctors and nurses sewed for 7 11-2 hours — from 9:30 Saturday night.until 5 o'clock Sunday morning — to put 35-year-old John C. Williams back together again. fight was recorded for the motion [pictures as far back as March .17, 397, when Bob Fitzsimmons tan- led with Jim Corbett at Carson City, Nov. Broadcasting of J'ights dates back o 1921 wnen Jack Dempsey ko'd "ieorges Carpentier. Television vas firsl used in boxing in Max Baer-Tommy Farr fig'nl in London n 1937. Washington, April 1 5—(UP)— The House today passed and sent to the Senate legislation to provide for a five-month draft holiday after Ma y!5 and prohibit the indic- tion of teen-agers. The bill was approved 290 to 108 after an unsuccessful effort by Rep. Dewey Short, R., Mo., to kill the bill by sending it back to the House Military Affairs Commitec. Short's proposal was rejected 135 to 74. In approving the bill to keep the Selective Service Act alive until Feb. 15. 1947, but stopping indue- ions from May 15 to Oct. 15, the election-conscious House side- sleped a record vole on a straight draft extension. Administration leaders hoped hat the Senale would re-write the bill to give the army ils requeslcd slraighl year's exlension of the act. 0 : Hearing Is Set on Fatal Shooting at Hot Springs Hot Springs, April 15 — (UP) — A hearing for Leslie Maurice Baker, 35. nas been set for Friday in municipal court here in connection with the fatal shooting Saturday of Mike Abdon, owner of a local restaurant. Baker, formerly of Paris, Texas, is charged with murder. Abdon ivas killed instantly when a volley of five slugs hit him as he approached the front door of his cafe. No charges were filed against John Lamkin, who was in Baker's car. o Texarkana Posts Reword for Killer Texarkana .April 15 —{/I 1 )— Rewards totaling $700 were posted today by officers and Texarkana citizens for information leading to the arresl and conviction of pen-sons responsible for the slaying Saturday night of a young couple—vie Montana to Ask U.S. Aid in Riots By ED JOHNSON Butle, Mont, April 15—(/Pi—Governor Sam Ford declined today to call for federal troops to enter not-racked Butto pending a direct appeal from Municipal authorities and the strike-bound cily nervously awaited darkness and a feared third night of rampant vandalis. Police officers who had been unable to cope with the nocturnal raiders worked swiftly today moving women and children from dozens of houses where the occupants tims of Ihe secoiid double killing in ! nacl received warnings thai lonighl Ihis area within less than a month. ' would bring fresh attacks. Police headquarters were swamped with calls for protection from those who had received anonymous telephone threats. When the job was finished, they had taken 607 stitches. Williams, slill alive loday, was cul in a brawl at a Hot Springs beer tavern. DARK 7.90 A neon-streat of white — a center of interest in color" — these tricks make lively ihe smart basic dress! "Bare minimum" sleeves — appropriate for spring.' jnto-sununer! Rayon crepes and sheers. 9 to 20. The victims were two popular youngsters, 17-year-old Paul Martin of Kilgore, Texas, formerly of Texarkana" and In-ycar-ohl Betty Jo Booker, Texarkana. Sheriff W. H. Presley of Bocjie county, Texas, and Capt. M. T. Bonzaullas of the Texas Rangers, who joined in the investigation, said the inquiry had made some progress but thai there still were missing links. o Baptist Conference Is to Be Held in Hope on April 25 Little Rock, April 15 — (JP)— Dis- Iricl Baptist Training Union conferences will be conducted in len Arkansas cities April 22-May 3, the Arkansas Baptisl news service announced today. The schedule: Pine Bluff, Immanuol Baptist church, April 22; McGcHec. First Baptisl, April 23; El Dorado Immanuel Baplisl, April 24; Hope First Baplist, April 25; Arkadelphia, First Baptist, April 26; Harrison, First Baptist, April 29; Spnngclale, First Baplist, April 30; Charleston, First Baptisl, May r .Wynne, Firsl Baplisl, May 2, I Paragould, Firsl Baplist, May 3. —o Barbs By HAL COCHRAN His wife is oflcn the one thing a man doesn't understand about marriage. Everybody surely remembers when winters used to mean red flannels. This past one we escaped without a scratch. The best proof that it takes two to make a bargain: mother buys and dad pays. The great American greeting, hollo, is slipping. Nowadays it's stick 'cm up!" A writer says love- making has become a lost art. Okay, so we've made it a science! Q—How much coffee is produced in the world in a normal year? A—1,500,000 tons. Q—In how many foreign places are U. S. troops slill serving? A—GO. Q—Who is Rudolph Hess? A— Former commandant of Oswiecim concentration camp in Germany, and reported lo have been Hinnnlcr's chief death admin- islralor. He was found and arrested only recently. Q—What three important commercial products come from seaweed? A—Agnr, used in bacteriology, baking, dental impression material; algin, an ice cream stabilizer; carrageen, suspending nnont for cocoa particles in chocolate milk products. A cayman gnlor. is n species of nlll- GALL BLADDER DUE TO LACK OP HEALTHY BILE f Rurferdrs Itcjnirc n» Kcmnrknhle Itcclp* ™^i tlrlnm First licnl Hciuld. Hushoil litre . Noxv relief for Knllhlndder BufTcrers lacking? healthy bile la (torn toilny In nnnouncemcnt ot n wonderful preptirntion which nrta with rcmnrknlile cITcct on llvrr nnil bile. Sufferers with nKnnlzlnin colic ntlnckn, ntomnch iinfl nnllblmldcr misery duo to Inck of hrnlthy hilc now tell nf remnrknblo multa nttcr iwlntf thin mpiliclno which hnn the mnny.lnt: power to ntlmtilnte xliiKKlsh liver n nd Increase (low ot hcnllliy h». OAIiIiUSIN in n very expensive mcilldno, lint considering results, the Jil.OO it costs In only n few pimnlea per iloae. (1ALLUSIN Is gold with full money buck cimrantca by J. P. COX DRUG STORE Mail Orders Filled ' , 4 . * '^ '».},_ Yes! it's a "New Freedom GAS angle's the thing-,?' %ay the experts! Back off the face, forward on the brow, framing the profile, 'any angle is right! Pen- 'ney's presents Swiss straws, straw braids, spun- 'wovens — trimmed with flowers, veils, and ribbons, to suggest a gala spring! Stom ixture for U Beers A recent medical discovery now used by doctors and hospitals everywhere ha:i proven unusually successful ih the ircaimonl ol stomach ulcers caused from excess acid. U i:> :t Ir-irmles '-.reparation yet so effective, in many cases thu pains of r.lomach ulcers c!is:ip|K"ir almast immediately. Also recommended for r.as paim, indigestion, heartburn dui; to hyperacidity. Sufferers m:iy ni,v> try this at hu:nc by obtaining a bottle of I.UK1N from their drjj;- K'lbt. LUUIN contains this p.e\v discovery in ki purest form. Easy to take, lust mix two te'i- spoonfub in a half alas?, of milk. Costa but little. Musi oatis.'i' o» nionty refunded. Lurin for solo by John P. Cox Drug itoro and drug stores everywhere. Arkansas Approved Butane Gas Systems and Appliances We can guarantee immediate delivery high class Butane Range with each system installed by us. W.S. Chance Company Texarkana, Texas 1729 New Boston Road Phone 231 P EEK in the window and see the 3 "musts" that put each "New Freedom Gas Kitchen" in a class by itself! WANT TO BE A BETTER COOK? Note the new clock-controlled Gas range.., the fastest, smartest, most efficient and economical range you ever cooked on. No matter what "make" you buy—if it bears the CP seal it's tops in cooking performance. WANT TO SAVE MARKETING TIME? In your spacious new Gas refrigerator you can store more frozen foods... keep all foods fresh longer. It always runs silently, efficiently, because there are no moving parts! WANT PLENTY OF HOT WATER? You'll need it for that automatic dishwasher ,.. need it in the laundry for a new do-evcrything washing machine. And the easiest, most economical way to get all the hot water necessary for cvvry job is with a new automatic Gas water-heater! Better get m work on_you( *'New Freedom Gas Kitchen" today' THE WONDER FLAME THAT COOLS AS WELL AS HEATS Our Daily Bread Thiii by The Editor Alex. H. Washburn OPA Tottering Government Policy Helping Doom It Price Administrator Porter's warning today that dropping of OPA controls might loau to an _, avalanche of panic-buying at pro• .*hibttive prices lulls on what are • by now cleat ears. Some people already arc hurt, and a ggod many more arc going to be hurt before the nation winds up the usual postwar orgy of a man .with plenty of money and nothing to spend it on. And the government being to blame for u very poor show in national management Mr. Porter's warning will be taken by a great 1 many people as just the woras ol a bureaucrat trying to save his own job. H won't be tnc truth—but af- ,tcr so many mistakes in otficial- dorr, the people arc entitled to i ,,ie a few of their own, since li .f; huv" to pay for all the mis- , I.os anyway. .I'he government has been try- 'g to ride two liorses .which no mim has ever managed simultaneously in all history. On the one hand the government is telling the workers of the nation they must have more money. On the other hand the govern- n:ent is telling the people who hire workers they can not advance prices. 1 The result is that goods,which should have become more plentiful with the end of the war, nave become scarcer. Worse still, the collapse in man Star WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: E'air and continued cold this afternoon, fair and warmer north portion tonight, Thursday partly cloudy and warmer. 47TH YEAR: VOL. 47—NO. 157 Star of Hooe. 1899: Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18. 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 17, 1946 (AP)—Means Associated Press INEA)—Means Newsoaoir Enterorlse Ass'n. PRICE 5c COPY has caused wide-spread an .of the price-fixing law of 'V.vi- nodilies. Meat, the No. 1 ?trv- item, we are now told has gi. • almost entirely to the black marKc This 5 the llth hour for the OPA If —a war-born necessity which might have done good also in the fjrst postwar year had it not been wrecked by the government's politicking where it had no business doing so. * -K * By JAMES THRASHER Passing the Hat Recently a newspaper columnist wrote a bitter complaint against what he called the "genteel blackmail" of taking up collections in theaters for various worth causes. We don't know how widely his • views arc shared, but we iire inclined to disagree with them. It is true that there is an added pressure to give when one is solicited in the presence of fellow amusement-seekers. It may be that the patron has already contributed privately to the same fund. It may also be that theater collections would be more effective if appeals for all funds and charities were made in one drive. But we still don't believe that a slight embarrassment and in, 4 convenience, or an extra two bits or dollar that the movie-goer coughs up, can offset the good that funds collected in theaters accomplish. The outraged columnist pointed out that he would be glad to pay double for his ticket at the door, • or drop his contribution in the lobby, if he could escape being "shaken down" by a movie usher. Such methods might be pleas- anted for some, but they certainly would be less effective. We all mean to give. But it is so easy j to pass by the lobby collection box, • or to slay away from the theater the night that the price is doubled. And the result could mean a loss of millions iiVu countrywide fundraising drive. That is why, during Easter Week, the American Cancer Society will solicit contributions in theaters by the traditional method of passing the hat. Perhaps it should be pointed out here that such appeals and collections are not the result of a theater owners' conspiracy. Many movie-house managers don't like •p them. They're a chore which entails extra work and no extra money. But the theater people arc asked to help, and they cannot and should not refuse. The bills and silver that moviegoers give from April 21 to April 28 will go a long way toward helping the Cancer Society reach its goal of $12,000,000 for research and treatment of.the cruelest and second greatest killer in this country today. This year's goal is the highest that ,the society has ever sought. ^ More dollars will mean more facilities and help in the still unsuccessful quest for the cure of a disease which now kills one American every three minutes. More dollars will mean that more cases can be detected early enough to be checked. A number of national fraternal and labor organizations are making a special effort to encourage their members to attend theaters during Easter Week. It might be well if others followed suil without any M concerted urging. * To anyone from a family in which cancer has struck the trifling annoyance and the trifling sum connected with these theater collections can scarcely rank as important delerenls.lo Ihis help. o Ford Lays Off 45,000 ; Workers Detroit, April 17 —(UP)— The Ford Motor Company today announced it would lay off 45,000 automobile workers tonight be- Meat Supply Sagging to Wartime Low By OVID A. MARTIN Washington, April 17 — (/P)—The nation's meat supply is sagging to warlime ration levels and may stay there until early fall. This situation was disclosed by the Agriculture Department in a statement on how it will divide declining supplies during the April- June quarter among civilians, the armed forces, and needy areas abroad . The per capita civilian meal supply at least until July 1 is expected to be an annual average rale of 132 pounds (carcass weight hasis), as compared with the 147-pound annual rate available during the first three months of the year. In 1943 when wartime meal ra- lioning was inaugurated, the average for civilian supplies was 136 pounds annually. This adverse forecast on the meat outlook coincided with an appeal from Herbert H. Lehman for a renewal of consumer rationing if this country is to meet ils famine relief commitment abroad. The former director general of UNRRA charged the government with "faulty planning and unrealistic" measures" in seeking to cope with Iho world food crisis. He said abandonment of rationing in this country after V-J day was "a most unfortunate decision." Lehman's call for renewed rationing was echoed by the CIO's Political Action Commitlec which urged Ihe immediate resumption of wartime food controls in the interest of famine relief. President Truman has said he would not object to a return lo ra- Dropping OPA Might Start Panic Wave of Buying at Fabulous Prices, Says Porter Washington April 17 — (JP) — Price. Administrator Paul Porter said today breakdown of the present price control system can panic the nalion's consumers into a "stampede" of cosily spending. The'breakdown danger, he said, "is a real and frightening possibility." There already is a rapidly spreading belief among businessmen, Porter asserted in tcslimqny prepared for Ihe Senate Banking Committee, that Congress "will either scuttle price control completely or take action which will compel OPA lo raise prices dras- lically." Should lhat belief spread lo Ihe consuming public, he added, "Ihe stampede will be on." Porter testified in the Senate wing of the capilol as the House called for votes on whal to do ® about the price agency. Congressional friends of Prcsidenl Truman were frankly alarmed over the outcome. . The administration has bebn seeking a full year extension beyond June 30 with present controls left intact. The OPA chief lold the senators that "if this country, with $225,000,000,000 bulging in its pockets, goes on an economic bender, there won't be just a comfortable little readjustment in prices. "A climb of 30, 40 or 50 percent above the present level for Ihe firsl year of the boom seems to me a conscrvalive forecast." Purler boiled down his inflation fears lo terms of an "average family," now spending 2,500 a year.. Twelve months of 40 percent inflation, he said, would boost such a Continued on Page Two .ioning if such a course absolutely essential, but became he expressed hope it would not be necessary. Lehman, speaking at a tpod mass meeting here lasl night, differed sharply with administration estimates thai Ihe overseas famine crisis would pass in 90 days. "We must assume," he declared, "thai next winter's food situation will be as bad as the present —'it would be sheer madness to accept any other conclusion." Secretary of Agriculture Anderson, in a simultaneous address before the United Nations forum, said announcement of a wheat rationing program now "would probably be the most severe blow thai could be dealt ot the causeof relief feed- Reds Move Up as Marshal! Hurries Back By SPENCER DAVIS Peiping, April 17 — (/P) — The fall of Changchun, capital of civil wartorn Manchuria, lo an overwhelming force of Communist troops, forecast at Sino-American troop headquarters today as China hopefully awaited the arrival of peace-seeking General Marshall. Latest news dispatches reported communist forces had penetrated deep into Changchun, seized its' only railway station, and disrupted communications formerly controlled by government of- ificials. Peiping observers doubted that government troops there would nold out three more days. In Chungking, officials estimated the Poland Will Demand Spain Be Denounced By R.H. SHACKFORD New York, April 17 — (UP) — Poland will ask the United Nations Security Council today lo brand Franco Spain a breeding ground for a new fascist war and a threat to world peace, but the Uniled Stales and Greal Brilain will block any punitive action .unless startling new evidence against Spain is produced. Having shelved the langled and j • , ,. prolonged Iranian case for two ils only railway _ station, and dis- days Q£ technical, legal study, the Curfew for Night Spots in Texarkana Texarkana, April 17 —(UP) — Nighl spols in Texarkana iaced a voluntary midnight curfew today suggested by the city council as a jpssible means of forestalling additional murder. The action was taken last night as Texas rangers and Arkansas officers conlinued their investigation of two double slaylngs here within the pasl Ihree weeks. Members of the cily council decided lo "suggest" that night clubs close voluntarily at midnight but reserved Ihe righl to enforce Ihe suggestion if the crime wave continues. Meanwhile the reward money for the slayer of leen-agers Belly Jo Booker and Paul Marlin rose lo $2,200. The bodies of the young couple were found early Sunday morning about a mile apart on a country lane near here. Miss Booker, 15, had been shot twice, and 17-year- old .Martin was shot four times. The couple was last seen alive when "they left a dance together MacArthur Rejects 3 Russian Demands on Jap Occupation early Sunday morning. Separate funeral services for bolh viclims were held here Tuesday. Caplain Gonzaullus described the case as one of the most puzzling in his 30 years of experience in criminal invesligation. He said that the murderer is "a shrewd criminal who has left no stone unturned in concealing his identity." Sheriff -W. H. Presley of Texarkana said there are many similar- lies between this crime and the shooting of Polly Ann Moore and Richard Griffin near here March 24. ing around the worldT" He noted thai il would take months to put rationing into opera- lion, and meanwhile the effect might be the hoarding of wheat rather than the freeing of it, In its survey ot the nation's- len-' mediate wheat'situation, the Agriculture Department estimated that the American appetite for meat is so large and its purchasing power so greal thai consumers would buy at an annual rate of 165 pounds at present prices if that much were available. The wide margin between the prospective supply and the demand is expected l-o result in very poor distribution of meat — a condition which led to adoption of rationing early in Ihe war to secure more equitable distribution. The department testimales thai 5,360,500,000 pounds of meal will be available for all purposes Ihis quarter, compared with 6,026,900,000 pounds last quarter. American civilians will be allocaled 85 per- cenl of Iho second quarter supply. Six percent goes to the armed forces, and the remainder to U. S. territories and needy overseas areas. council at 3 p.m., EST., will hear Polish Ambassador Oscar Lange present his charges against Generalissimo Francisco Franco . and plead for joint world action ;to liquidate the 10-year-old Spanish Dictalorship. government's new first Army. Po i and wm seek diplomatic would require at least a week to I "quarantine" of Spain. push the 90 miles from newly seized Szepingkai north lo Changchun againsl communist Harassment. The Army was moving a- fot, with mules hauling its American equipment. Marshall was expected to. arrive in midafternoon from Tokyo, where he conferred yesterday with General MacArthur. He is returning from important Washington conferences with President The Big Three are splil on this issue, as on virtually every other major political postwar problem. But the Spanish question will produce a new council alignment with the Soviel bloc stronger than on previous council issues. Poland, strongly supported by Ihe Soviet Union, seems certain also of having France and Mexico on her side, and possibly Aus- c tp to enforce^ ci' tralia aild Chin f. which have nevej: agreement he n^^^ rel » llons wlui F ^" cb ' v hill whlph wns flisre- °PjJ ln ' January, but which was disre garded afler he lefl for Ihe Uniled Slales. Associaled Press Correspondenl Tom Maslerson, one of five American correspondenls isolaled in Changchun by Ihe embaltled com- munisl and government troops, managed to send out a dispatch reporting the Reds had captured the capital's only railroad station. That gave them transportation ior supplies and for reinforcements, should they decide they need the latter. They have an csthnaled 40,000 Iroops in the area, opposed by some 4,000 government troops and a home guard force — the peace preservation corps (PPC) -of doubtful value. A Mukden dispatch to the gov Admiral Set Off Truman's Lobby Blast Washington, April 17 — (JP) — President Truman said today il was an admiral in Hawaii who touched off his recent blast against navy lobbying. The president told his news conference he did not think Secretary of Ihe Navy Forreslal and Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, chief of naval operations, had been doing any lobbying againsl unification of the armed forces. The admiral who stirred him up, he said, was in charge of the Hawaiian station. The chief executive had a late afternoon appointment today wilh Secretary of the Navy Forreslal and Admiral NimiU, lo lalk over al their request the proposed army- navy merger. Mr. Truman said he thought the admiral in Hawaii was named Melville. Anyway, he added, the admiral in charge there got inlo print in an interview which he saw, and he said il really stirred him Details of Lage's case are closely guarded secrels. The Polish delegalion still, was working on the final draft a few hours before meeting time. Major interest centered on what Lange will say about Nazi Scien- tisls in Spain—whether there is evidence that they are working on Atomic energy research. Poland already has formally accused ^hern of deviding new war weapons and plotting a new war, and 'has indicated existence of evidence which might connect them with the controversial question of Atomic Research. Coincidently wilh the opening of debate on Spain—the first nonmember of the United Nations to be hailed before the council—the Alfred Rosenberg Accused of Being Master Mind of Nazi Plot to Enslave East Europe flu. ^ Nuernberg, April 17 — (UP) — Vlfred Rosenberg was accused be- 'ore Ihe war crimes court today of master-minding a Nazi policy of enslaving or exterminating the peoples of the overrun terrilory in easlern Europe. Under cross examination by Thomas J. Dodd of the U. S. prosecution staff, Rosenberg lost the cynical arrogance which charac- .erized his direct testimony. Cornered bv Dodd. he made one damaging admission after another. Dodd read a letter from Martin Bormann, Nazi deputy fuehrer, skelching Ihe policy lo be imposed on Ihe occupied areas easl of Germany, of which Rosenberg was minister of state as well as chief Nazi ideologist.- • Bormann recommended lhat the handling of the peoples in the cast be patterned so as to "destroy the biological potenlialily of Ihe easl- ern populalions." The Slavs must work for us, and if not then thev may die," Bormann wrote. "Therefore compulsory German vaccinalion and med- ical stations are unnecessary. "The fertility of the Slavs is undesirable, and they may use con- Lraceplives or praclice abortions. The more the better. "Educalion is superfluous. The abilily lo count from one to 100 is enough. We are maslers. We come first. "Kiev ought lo be depopulated by an epidemic. Allogelher it would be better if the superfluous population starved to death." Rosenberg admited receiving the Bormann letter. Dodd then charged Rosenberg agreed to put into practice the policies advocated in it. Dodd elicited from Rosenberg an admission that he knew of the Nazi slave labor policy, and that he was aware of whal wenl on at the Nazi concenlration camps. "I assumed lhat in such a revolutionary process, some excesses might be taking place," Rosenberg admited. "I thought the murders of national socialists mighl call forth sharp counter-measures." -eminent newspaper; new life,'council celebrated its three-month Hope Industry Fund Becomes Corporation Litlle Rock, April 17—(/P)—Seven Hope business and professional men oblained a charier loday for the Hope Industrial Corporation, which was formed to "encourage the industrial development of the city of Hope and Hempslead county.-" The incorporators, who listed 100 shares of stock valued at $1,000 each,' 'were: N. P. O'Neall, C. C. Spragins, George W. Peck, H. E, Thrash, .Roy Anderson,Lyle Brown and. Lloyd Spencer. »,;AH\3rij.': Graves ,of Hope, was named resident agent. Seven Morrilton men chartered the Morrilton Industrial Corporation for Ihe purpose of creeling and managing a building to "house a garment manufacturing plant." They lisled 3,200 shares of stock valued al $25 each. J. G. Moore, Morrillon attorney, was named resident agent. MARITAL MIXUP Askov. Minn., April 17 — (/P) — A recent double wedding cere- mnnv here was striclly a family affair. Mr. and Mrs. William Grolh were married in the double ceremony al which Ihe bride's mother and the bridegroom's father also were wed. Thai made Mrs. Grolh's mother also her mother-in-law, and Grolh's father also his father-inhere said lelegilaphic commkini,- calions with Changchun were interrupted yesterday. (The fact Mastcrson got out a dispatch indicated communications ol some sort were eslablished, if only briefly.) The new life report also said Ihe PCC was resisting, but was forced to shorten its lines in an attempt to protect government officials who had been senl into Changchun to take over administration when the Russians withdrew Sunday night. I Latesl dispalches placed the i new first Army about 80 miles south of Changchun, indicating it had pushed only 10 miles out of the city -osterday. The Otticial Central Mew's Agency reported yesterday from Changchun thai Ihe capilal was being shelled and that headquarters of the 14th Airforce, directly across from Chinese government headquarters there, was destroyed by direct hils. Marshall svas scheduled to confer hero with his substitute on the S i n o i- American peace-seeking eommilee of Ihree, Ll. Gen. Al- birthday. On January 17 the council was born in London. Since then il has been Ihrough one crisis .after another and appears headed Continued on Page Two law. The bridesmaid was a sister of one bride and a daughter of the other. The best man was a brother of one bridegrom and a son of the other. Llivia, Tiny Border Town, Bewails Lost Trade as Spain and France Patrol Frontier By MEL MOST (For Hal Boyle) Llivia, Franco-Spanish ®- Border, officers now are reinforced by Gendarmes. Spanish carabinero posls al bolh ends of the road are April 17 — (/P)— Llivia is in u | reinforced by guards. Normally the dilemma. This tiny enclave of road carries good stocks of provi- Spanish territory completely ''surrounded by France has become 1he forbidden village of Ihe French border country since the closing of the frontier with Spain. Spanish carabineros with maus- ers and French republican guards with submachine guns patrol the fields around Ihis picuresque an- m l (>n (,pn . ... . Jr.?' and with Wai- f'^ nBglomoration of 1,500 Span ter S. Robertson, U.S. Minister to China. The Ihree main groups of burgh- up. At his news conference lasl cause of shortages of component purls. slcel and Company officials said the sliul- down would be of indefinite duration. They said the steel shortage was aggravated by the nationwide coal strike. It was the third shutdown by - Ford sinco Feb. 1 because of slcel shorlagcs. o The verb gerrymander, meaning to manipulate in order to gain unfair advantage, resulted from the rearrangement of a districl of northeastern Massachuselts in 1912. Grated horseradish added to while sauce and served with fish is excellent. Thursday, the president rapped the navy sharply for using lobbying and propaganda against a merger bill pending in Congress. Told that Senator Robertson (D- Wyo) had said the army was lobbying vigorously as well, Mr, Truman said he didn'l believe in lobbying. He believed men should go down and express their views 10 congressional commitees on the facts and let the committees decide. Thai was the way things were handled when he was running a Senate commilce. he said. To a question as to how the navy was lobbying. Mr. Truman replied 11 was doing whatever lobbyists do, and doing it all over the world. have Freshly, gathered chives the best flavor. The green tops arc cut close to the ground. They arc used lo rculcice onion, bill arc milder in flavor. They should be washed and chopped finely jusl before they arc used. The yolks of eggs contain loci- ail important substance for nourishing growth. and Chungking, to confer the government and communist members of the eommilee of Ihree. The latter two members flew lo Chungking loday without awaiting Marshall's arrival here. Chrysler Making 3,100 Units a Day Detroit, April 17 —(/I 1 !— Chrysler Corp. currently is producing passenger curs and trucks at the rate of 3.100 units a day and thus far has delivered 102,000 new ears and 68.000 (rucks lo its dealers throughout the country, K. T. Keller, president, said today. Keller told a stockholders' meeting (hut current output is than half the capacity of plants." smugglers no longer can bring in and take oul goods. Bolh ar pinching more than ever Ihe farm hands, now unable lo work on nearby French farms. Only Ihe peasants don't care. The one place on the main French-Spanish border thai cannot be closed is the point where the international road from LlivKi to 1'uigcerda crosses it. Neither side ean close il by the terms of ;t treaty dating from I6GO. The treaty allotted 33 villages of the Cerdugnc vailed to France. Llivia. eapilal of Ccrdagne, being classed as a town, was Balloted to Spain, provided that "in no ease may the king of Spain fortify Llivia or any oilier place in said bailiwick." A ruined Spanish castle, unused since then overlooks Llivia froin a hilltop. "The king's highways and passages needed fur faring from Lliv- ( ia to Puigcerda and contrarily. or "less | to fare from one village to another our of those remaining in France, shall be free to the subjects of one or the other realm without their being . In 1945, the leather soles of all molested," said Ihe treaty, with men's, women's and children's j many elaborate provisions, leather shoes in the United Stall'*, j Two French roads cut across the filled together, would cover only Uin;;ll international Uioioughfare. _. provisions for the people of Llivia from Puigcerda, but these have dwindled to a trickle with such strict control over comings and goings thai even Falangisls have a hard lime gelling permission lo go from Spain. Over Ihe road, when Ihe frontier was closed, came 1,500 Spanish assault guards. Most of them went home laler. Bui enough remained lo dot the si reels of Llivia and lie up ils easy-going inhabitants in restrictions. French border inhabitants or peasants wilh fields in the enclave may go right through (he town provided they stick to Ihe road. They are watched carefully to see that they do not enter Ihe houses, or Ihe village's two cafes. They pick (heir way. among the children playing in Ihe streel and look enviously at the well-slocked shopwiadpws of merchants with whom they may not deal. But they often stop and chat with me few French merchants long-settled here for nothing forbids doorstep conversations inhabitants. Farther on is the old church., newly repaired. It was sacked during Llivia's only violent incident of the Spanish civil war. When the French Maquis took possession of in the Enforcement in Dry Counties Impossible' Says Cook Little Rock, April 17 — (UP) — State Revenue Commissioner Otho A. Cook said loday that public officials in several dry counties of Arkansas are reluctant to prosecute violators of prohibition "laws. Inspectors from his department, Cook said, have assisted local officials in arresting bootleggers, but "it has been almost impossible to obtain convictions." "As long as the liquor has the state revenue stamp on the bottle," Cook said, "the state has np interest in bootlegging" other than a coperative step with the county. "However, if the liquor is moonshine and does not have the revenue stamp, the slale can prosecute," he said. 4 of 7 State Congressmen Unopposed Litlle Rock, April 17 —(UP)— Four of Arkansas's seven Congressmen were assured today of another term in the U. S. House of Represemalives when Ihe federal licket closed at noon and they were still unopposed. Three others—Fadjo Cravens of the 4lh District, Brooks Hays 9f the 5lh District and Oren Harris have drawn oposition. Cravens of Fort Smith is opposed by a former sergeant in the air corps, Lee Whitaker also of Fort Smith. Two former army officers, Lt. Col. Parker Parker of Dardanelle, and Maj. Homer F. Berry of Mayflower, have announced as opponents to Hays of Litlle Rock. Harris, Of El Dorado, also is opposed bv two former army officers, Bruce Bennett and Paul Geren, both of El Dorado. Bennett was an Army Air Forces captain, and Geren a lieutenant serving in the China-Burma-India theater. The four who escaped opposition are E. C. (Took) Gathings of West Memphis, 1st District; Wilbur Mills of Kensetl, 2nd District; J. W. Trimble of Berryville, 3rd District; and W. F. Norrell of Monlicello, 6th District. The preferential, or first, federal primary election is scheduled for July iu't'h. A run-off election — necessary only in the 5th and 7lh Districts if one of the three can- Program for Easter Here Announced The 10th Annual Community Easter Morning Prayer Service will be held at Hope High School stadium at 6:15 a.m. Sunday, April 21, with the following order of worship: Instrumenlal Call lo Worship—Luther Holloman, Jr. Song Director— Clifford Franks. Hymn "Come • Thy Almighty King"—Congregation. Invocation —Rev. R. B. Moore. - Responsive••' Reading—Rev. Wnr. P. 'Hardegree. Hymn "Christ Arose"—Congregation. Scripture Reading—Rev. S. A Whitlow. Prayer—Rev. Paul R. Holdridge By EARNEST HOBERECHT Tokyo, April 17 — (UP) —Gen: Douglas MacArthur bluntly refused' three Russian requesls for a greater share in shaping Japanese occupation policies today. At Ihe same lime, Soviet charges that "undemocratic" elements were holding responsible positions in the Japanese government were bitterly denounced by Brig. Gen; Courtney Whitney, speaking for MacArthur before the four-power Allied control council. Lt. Gen. Kuzma Derevyanko; Russian council member, inler- rupled Ihe afternoon session to deny emphatically that he intended to criticize MacArthur's policies when he asked for information about the carrying out Of Allied purge directives. He, said he had been "misunderstood." ,. MacArthur reminded the .council lhat its work is "exclusively-advisory and consultative" and does not involve review of actions taken by the supreme command. "No arbitrariness of procedure must be allowed to interfere with the prompt and orderly process of government adminislration," the nemorandum stated. Denial of the Russian requests came in a crisp personal memorandum from MacArthur to the second meeting of the council. Lt. Gen. Kuzma Derevyanko, Russian council member, submitted the requests to the supreme command at the first meeting of the council April 5. They were: 1. •— That the supreme command submit to the council government to seven days prioi; to issuance. 2. — That the supreme command order the Japanese government to give the council drafts of all imperial rescripts and other official acts 10. days prior to issuance. 3. — That headquarters supply- copies of all directives issued since Ihe slarl of the occupation, together with papers received from the Solo, Jones. "Holy City" —Mr. Ted didates does not receive clear majority of the voles casl, will be held Augusl 6. Easier Message— Dr. Thomas Brewsler. Hymn "All Hail the Power of Jesus Name", by Congregation. Benediction. Silent Prayer (for a just and lasting Peace) Taps—John S. Gibson, 3rd. o Violence at Butte, Mont, Believed Over By United Press Negotiations in Ihe Bulle, Mont., copper strike were to resume today, but the soft coal dispute remain stalemated. Mob violence which swept Butle apparently had subsided pending the outcome of wage lalks between Anaconda Copper Co. officials and representatives of 3,500 striking CIO mine, mill and smelter workers. The coal walkout, which accounts for more than one-half of the nations 656,000 strike-idle workers, went into ils 17lh day. Medi- alor Paul Fuller was having lillle success in his efforts lo gel AFL Uniled Mine Workers President John L. Lewis and the coal operators together in a joint bargaining ession. Other labor developments: 1. Nearly 14,000 workers were on strike in the larm equipment industry. More than 7,000 CIO farm equipment and metal workers were idle at Allis Chalmers plants in four cities, and 6,500 CIO United Auto workers have struck againsl three midweslern plants of the Japanese and orders issued by the Japanese government in compliance with Allied directives. MacArthur agreed to give the council copies of all supreme command directives 48 hours before issuance, instead of seven days as requested by the Russian delega- • tion. ... . Derevyanko immediately entered .a., protest. He said the tenor . of "thei'refusals "caused apprehen- , sion as to the value of the council's ~l work." . .-•' Derevyanko also had" requested ; complete information on the prog- * ress of Japanese demobilization and the' destruction of military ; equipment, but il was not immedi- alely known whether MacArthur ' had complied. The Soviet representative charged before the first meeting of the council that "reactionaries" had an advantage over "progressive forces" in the elections. He criticized the supreme command for allegedly allowing "undemocratic" officials lo remain in the • Japanese government. Whitney said the Russian dele- s gallon was "casling aspersions on. Ihe occupalion" by placing the charges on the council's agenda. He said Derevyanko had made no atlempl lo gel "accurate infor-, niation" concerning the degree of compliance with MacArthur's "purge" directive. Whitney said the charges that Japanese, barred by the directive from holding public office, . still were occupying "prominent" places in the government, "reflected the atlitude of the whole Russian press." He said professional -Japanese politicians were "ignored" in the recent election "in favor of men and women from all walks of life with little or no political experience" and thai the cleclion demonstrated democracy "in form and substance." o- 16 t.quare miles At the gs French customs Ihe surrounding countryside 1944, the alcalde who heads village sent for help and a score of carabincros arrived lo set uu in u house on the nuiin slrect. Just whal they could have done against Ihe Maquis slill is a matter of grave doubt in the villagers' minds. Bui no notable incidents occurred. But Llivia will be glad when it's over. Especially the old merchant at who'm customs officers used lo win when he brought his cart Hill of fine foodstuffs for the French families in Ihe neighborhood over the road to the crossing. Suspect's Pal to Be Questioned in Hot Springs Death Hoi Springs, April 17 — (UP) — John Lamkin was held today by Hot Springs police for questioning in the death of Mike Abdo, local restaurant operator, who was shot and killed in front of his cafe last Saturday night. Officers said Lamkin was with Leslie M. Baker al the time; lhat Baker allegedly shol Abdo. Baker will appear in Hot Springs municipal court Friday for hearing. Reports indicated Dial he will enter a self-defense plea. 5,000 Servicemen Landing Today on Both U. S, Coasts By The Associated Press Moro lhan 3,500 service personnel are due to arrive today al New York aboard four ships while 1,'jlO more men are expected lo debark from three vessels at San Francisco and Seattle. J. 1. Case Co. 2. Fifteen hundred independent white collar workers at Westinghouse Electric Co. plants throughout the nation accepted a 17 1-2 cent hourly wage increase. 3. Hollywood's major motion pic- Egyptian !s New Head of UN Council New Hafez York, April 17—W— Dr. Afifi Pasha, 57-year-old Egypiian took over chairmanship of the United Nalions Security Council today. He is a former baby doctor who became a deip- lomal and banker. The new chairman succeeds Dr. Quo Tai-Chi of China. Afifi served Iwice as foreign minister of Egypt, in 192H and again in 1930, and in 1934 he was Egypiian minister to London. lure studios offered their employes I He studied medicine' at Egyp- wage increases of 18 1-2 cents an tian university, and the University hour or jO per cent, whichever is higher. 4. Prcsidenl Truman signed inlo law a bill aimed al curbing James C. Pelrillo and his American Fed- cration of Musicians (AFL) in inch- dealings with the nation's radio broadcaslers. 5. The Youngslown Sheel and Tube Co.'s tin mill at East Chicago, Ind., was shut down when 900 crane operators refused to work in a dispute over rest periods. G. Al Flint. Mich., about 1(50.000 persons were left without transportation when 170 CIO transport I workers struck lo protest the fir- ling of a worker. A five-day transit strike ;U Lansing, Mich., ended when striking AFL workers reached a compromise wage agreement wilh Inter-City Lines, Inc. Young birds which emerge blind, naked and helpless are the product of relatively small eggs, while young hatched from relatively numbering approximately 50.0 The metal antimony expands as i large egg- arc ciown-clad av.d ac-iNew Hampshire has a herd of of London. Iii 1919 he joined the Egyptian nalional movement, demanding independence for Egypt and the evacuation of British troops. Afifi iold newsmen when he arrived from Egypt April 9 his couti' try would nol bring up the issue oi. British Iroops in Egypt while nc gptiations arc under way for revision of Ihe 1936 treaty between Britain and Egypt. He helped negotiate lhat treaty and worked for its revision. He has served as ehairmr.n of the Misr bank tgarik ol Egypt) and is a director of 16 Egyptian, business firms. Under council rules, the chairmanship is held lor one iiT~"!h by each delegate in the Enj'Ksh alphabetical order of the countries on the council. Tennessee is the country's leading slate in llu- number of European wild boars with the herd now il solidifies. live Irom birth. jabuul 200.

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