IN?§rt£§f1INe RURAL REAdfeRg. ^ui^i^-^,^ -j^ • fiftMettS ifttigfy wMIe falteyi tfi% hues 6f«tfiy AM ddtkaess tformidiiif lowly wa,ys, lliefettUig^aste^ and.fihftdoivs alt<ep- Oft €¥ery tlftStWard Hill, the &Ioi>et the sanbewtis , And tttptitfed tales with gladness • thrift TO* tdfaely. lives, which sadly missed I'he early sun's inspiring bertms. To vnlleys itiornittg shadows kissed, Silt wakened not froui Iriggiird dreams— *Ctt these At evfc shall come ft gle>tv Of Silnshltie o el' til* 1 happy pitta $ A stveetcr joy thnn morninu's know-* • The touch of gladness nftei' lialn. EXCITIKG TIMES OK gt§d tefe yatbf&tf -i-ifMt £rOulMu5 o ~—-„ — — _ —— — — v — wM iMf by SiieHi? fdftfg that W«r Ulti* teatety* got thett mil ttewMj the rtates ifite tug tows 'twtefi decks and the males iftttt tlid after 'tween BeckSj Aachot was tltett Weighed and then the captafti and 1 sat dtfwn to smoke a cifaf. fly this time the slaves Wefe asleep and the captain said as > he i>uffed away at bis cigat-: "We've bad a busy day» Gitiiefmd, 1 stipiiose yott thought it cruel Work, A SLAVE SHIP, By Cni»tnln Willlnnt 1 was in Rto Janeiro the day afttr Dom Pedro was wedded, and after a long search and a great deal of troub'e ealled on a Spanish ship, the Llbertad, which I knew to be a slave ship, and it Avas my Idea to get all the information I could about the dealings In human beings. I had no difficulty 11 shipping, and the next morning we were sailing for the dark continent. Everything went well and I found tin Khlp as comfortable as any Atlantic liner I have ever seen. Twenty-two The Captain Stood T>y the FUKC Lcndtiigr to the Poivder Magrnzlnc. days out we anchored at the mouth of the Coanza river. As soon as we were well moored the long boat was lowered and rigged; 150 pairs of handcuffs and as many fathoms of small chain and rope were slowed into her, and the captain, after giving me instructions and warning- me to guard against .snakes, wild beasts and cannibals, set sail with six picked men all well armed. He proceeded up river about ten miles to the slave trading station. And we simply a waited his return. Late that night I heard the thud of many paddles and ours as if a drum was beating time io the chant-like deep rnonniugs of men, women -and children in the extremity of mortal agony. Louder and louder grew the sounds, as ncarin'g alongside, the phantom-like mass.. ..of hull, spars, rigging and sflils and firmed men, lit up liy the many deck lanterns, loomed up before the approaching slaves, when a sudden rustle went through them and the low sighs and moauings burst into a wild yell: "Bai'co Biyuiidi," "Barco Bipuudi." "The Slave Ship," "The Slave Ship." A panic ensued like that of a herd of wild animals suddenly confronted by same dreaded apparition, or devouring monster. For a few minutes the boats so rocked and surged under the frantic movements of • their in- iuates that I expected every instant to see them swallowed up in the circling eddies of the dark river. One young woman, with a baby tied to her ,"breast, leaped overboard, but being ' 'held by the chain to her handcuffs was jgoou hauled in again by the sailors just ns the tail swoop of a crocodile splashed through the gurgling waters did ybti iidt^ iBitt just consider^ «u- liermo, we have brought more souls fnto the folds bf Christianity In this one night than a whole mission Would in a yeai'j and ate they not a splendid lot of men and women 'i "'.they are all wife Rabindns, If these girls Were white they Would sell at Constantinople for 1 $5,000 each, and even black as they arc they would biing $500 a head more than their closely related race, the ttabsheea or Abyssinians of the Red Sea coast that compote with the Clrassllins, at the markets of the Golden Horn, A Cir- cassian can't hold a caudle to a pure ivabinda. Just Walt Until we get beyond the cruiser limits and get them nil washed and dressed up and merry and dancing and yott*ll think them all Adonises and Vcnuses fresh, from the easels of the great masters." The next dawn the spare bower anchor was hung to the starboard cat- head, a hundred fathoms of stream chain shackled to it and lighted along the deck and ankle cuffs fixed to it at about, every three feet. "But what ia this for?" I asked the captain as I looked along the four long bights of chain, bristling with slave irons. /'Oh, only to be ready in case of need, self-preservation, you know, is the first law of iiathre." Then did It dawn upon me that his purpose was to drown the slaves if necessary, rather tlvm ran the risk of having them found on board, and sure enough it was only three days before we had an English cruiser chasing us, and she seemed to be gaining on us, for we could see the cannon balls drop closer each time a shot was fired. One after the other the new slaves were passed xip and shackled to the grim-looking chain, and then the women and children, also until all were fastened for the fearful drop. Fortunately, the poor creatures seemed to have no idea of what it all meant and stnred vaguely on each other or on the boa-like coil of the chain or at the guns,and gunners, or in the direction of the cruiser. Closer and closer came the. cruiser; her ensign flying. Now puff after puff of blue smoke belched from her bow as she gave the range of her bow chasers a trial. Finally a shot struck its on the port quarter, but fell into the sea without doing any serious damage. The captain came aft to me, shook bauds, and, with a smile half sad, half heroic, said, "Adios." The calling out to the carpenter to stand by the anchor, and to the gunner to stand by to fire, he sprang with a match in his hand and stood by the fuse/leading to the powder ma'gazirie.' Glancing up to see that the ensign was flying clear he cried out to the gunner: "Kafael, don't you think you could put a shot through his fore mast head? The handsomest slave in the ship is yoiirs if you do." Rafael, after taking steady aim, flr- ed our stern chaser charged with a double charge that made the Libertad trepible from keel to truck; and the shot striking its mark a great "Bravo,!' resounded air along our decks as the cruiser's foretop and top gallant masts. Crashed down'over her bown. Another wild hurrah for Rafael rent the air as he gave the cruiser auotner 1 raking shot and wo tauntingly slguall-. cd her good-bye and dropped her out of sight. A few days later when the .cruiser limits had been passed the grim chain was again stowed away, the horrible anchor was taken in, the slaves were all freed from their shackelsand baptized, and each supplied with some clothing and a comb and a small mirror, and the slaves forgetful of the past and carried away by their impulsive love of pleasure and music, danced merrily. Sometimes instead of the guitar, they danced to their own rude instruments. Finally, the thirtieth day, we arrived safe at Uio", where the slaves were all landed, cleaned and dressed m ' ..tttttf feD9,«ltft»WtJf»> i '^ 1ft fafftiflg,. poiiltfy keeping ft the Small ea&e* of th§ WeageYlftS i&P &6 In* fl 66U8efnea", ¥ft&t W< td tte it I /,^_,prt^»!t«t1ttil ft* «&«6n fall iMM^ntf K&tmsn Opsfate fhtt tfm ttffid M t« titt Cttfft ttf tl»6 fetdck PI iilSi HERE is a new fleld Opening for out 1 bright, fetter getic yoiing men Who ^ish i td se* CUfe Steady em» ployment of a pleas- attt as well as profitable nature. This field is the prl* vate dairies owned by men who keep them not as a source of profit, but also pleasure. A great many of our rich men are buying farms near their city of residence and stocking them with cows of the best breeds. These men wish to place their farms in charge of men who have a thorough knowledge of farm dairying and stock raising, and are Willing to pay a good price for the services of such men. The wages offered are above those of the average accountant, teacher or clerk, and the occupation 16 motfe enjoyable to one who has a loVe for rural life. To be successful in this line a young man must be of good habits, neat and orderly,'and capable cf turning to the best account the labor of men under his charge, must have a knowledge of up to date farming and a thorough understanding of the breeding, care and feeding of all farm animals, He must know how' to run the dairy machinery and matoe first class butter. This field Is open and is far from being overstocked with suitable men. In order to secure what they need' these dairy owners have to hire two men, one to superintend the farm and one to manage the dairy and creamery, when'if one man had the knowledge he could fill both positions.—Denver Field and Farm. , . The Dairy Belt. The so-called "dairy belt" that we were wont to hear so much about in years past proves to be a fallacy. Wherever there is good grasses and good water, good butter can be made. It was once contended by dairy 'writers that the "dairy belt" was confined to the East, and that dairying could not be made a success in the ^est. Now the West is the greatest "of "-all dairy sections of this vast Union, And there was once a time when the West preached the doctrine that dairying could not be made a success in the South. Note the condition of the South today with her thousands of registered cattle and her tens of thousands of grades. These cattle are certainly not kept for breeding purposes alone. They are butter producers, important factors in building up . the agricultural wealth of our Southland. They are money makers for 'our farmers and breeders. For years the best grades of butter in the South, the product of these herds, has commanded a better price in- our markets than the best of the Elgin product that has reached us. In the past few, years creameries have increased slowly in the South, but private dairies have multiplied with astonishing rapidity, and the growth of o,ur dairy interest is but in its infancy as yet, compared to what it is bound to be in a few years hence. — Ex. Value of Gentleness— The money value of quietness, gentleness and good temper in milch cows is well known and appreciated by all, practical dairymen as a thing of prime importance. These to a certain extent are inherited from the parents of the animal, the same as disposition to fatten, quality of flesh, yield of milk, etc. Even harsh tones to a nervous and timid animal are almost as dangerous as blows. Gentle treatment should commence early with the young calf, and be continued until the animal is put in the dairy. The Calf should never know what it is to fear man, and if never treated harshly, frightened or teased, will, almost without exception, be exempt from vicious habits. They should be brought up with the idea that man is their friend and protector, Stock that can be approached at any time are easier to handle and in that way repay many times over the trouble it takes to raise them in this manner. The best of dairy breeds may be rendered useless if subjected to harsh treatment, The Average Cow.— The census claims that there are over 16,500,000 cows in the United States, and estimates their average production of butter at J3Q pounds each. When we con* side'r that a good many cows yield from J50 to 4QO pounds per year, we niust conclude that there, are a very large number that yield far-be;ow 130 pounds, 'else the" average would not be re.due.efl ip that s figure, It'eoej wUftr teat there are hundreds pf p.f qowf (grc^y, millions), to P a y I* 6 ** 1 W» The ifitiS'ni5'fS«='bfeedingr It reflatfes laf ge itfvtt§m«it It fifS'tr just WnSfi he faaS flBtllie »6iiS^ tt ififfeet, ¥he6 he tflutt wfilt th»e, fdtif and fits yeafa fo? tfttflfnSi aad te do thai Will i-eaulf6 conflfdefftWe Mdfiij) 1 t6 "eaffy" the business, 89 it Is with all Othef departments 6ti th§ farffi, thetigh nbt te the fiatae eitciiit aS in hdrle- breeding. , fiut with fiottltfy it is different. 'H6 can latest fi ur $iod.' Within-ft few weeks his iflvesttnefit fettlfns hltn aft 'interest, j^i-eduehtiy it will double within a year. How much will a-'iaan be worth if he can gd on doubling his capital each year for ten years? ESveti if his investment be only $10, it will have reached a comfortable flgurei At the beginning of the eleventh year his capital would be $10,240, a wedge, of quite respectable thickness. Few, however, will carry the business through to such a point. It requires application to numerous details. Besides, many people use all the profits from their flocks, instead of reinvesting a portion. Another mistake Is to invest too much in numbers of birds and not enough in pens fdr their accommodation and comfort. The houses, yards, utensils and variation of methods must keep pace with the Increase of flock. Altogether the poultry possibility seems to be a providential creation in behalf of the man of moderate means, the woman who has a little spending money to Invest and the school boy that is ambitious. A small sum can be invested, and It Is like the seed of a plant, under favorable conditions it will Increase beyond expectations. But in either case the product must be proper-, ly cared for and nourished. A Simple Rut-Trap. Under this heading a correspondent of a poultry journal sends a description and sketch, here reproduced, of what he calls "the only perfect rat-trap, and very simple and inexpensive." Rats in some localities are a serious nuisance to poultry breeders, and a good trap is worth a good deal of money to them. The contrivance is thus de> B A o scribed: Take a common box about a foot square, and fifteen inches long, bore a hole in each end with an inch- and-a-half auger, about four inches up from the bottom, as shown at A in cut. Fill a small tin pan (or box) with meal mixed with Rough on Rats, set in middle of box, as indicated by dotted line B; nail cover on, and you can set it anywhere without fear of chicks or fowls touching it. Keep it loaded all the time, and you will have no trouble with rats.—Australasian. Raising Qnall. Harry Rudolph, says the Philadelphia Record, has bred, hatched and raised to maturity in captivity over 100 quail at his home, on Van Pelt street, this city. To those who have ever captured a young quail and tried to make it live this will be good news, for some day there will probably be a quail farm where this most valuable game bird will be bred and raised in quantities. Recent severe winters have greatly lessened the natural supply of quail, not only in this section,.but farther south as well, and game protective societies have experienced much difficulty in obtaining as many birds as they wanted for breeding purposes. Mr, Rudolph's discovery of the Tood young quail require was not an accident, but the result of long study, He has kept live quail for the last twenty years, but only until recently has he succeeding in getting 'the •young birds to live. AH ordinary food, such as is given young chickens, turkeys, etc., he found to be useless with quail, the young Invariably dying, He 'ried brood after brood and finally turned his attention to wild food, such as the birds would be likely to get in their natural state. He was successful and now says he can raise. 65 per cent of all young birds hatched. Just what this wild food )s Mr, Rudolph pays is his secret. His success proves that it is a good one. After the birds are ten. days old they Will eat anything and live. Exterminating BW'dooks-r-I4ke all biennials, the burdock }s easily destroyed in cultivated fields, it }s PBly }n by-places, as fence sides, CQJV ners, and around the bujjdjngs, pas^ twes, and bprders of woodlands that burdocks give trouble, But; eyen in they we JJQ); 4ifflcuU to destroy, who |Q pyer thejp flelds j;w}ce ft yea.r with tbfir pPftSes Will PSO» fcaye BO bujflOoBl, ' Ifl «5«t|ing Jfcem. care -' b e ta^p to Rtrjkj.bpjo^ tjie wa,y fl9»§ .ft! f fiteai tt-f^Hfig -Mlfifriesd meal te hofs. The e'xpgfimefit wa§ t , CtfttlllS. »f twsa th'i lot fkey had' fill been gfdWa tefgthef, Mef Wete divided in* W fltfe I6ls b!'llife« gigs eacVand aftef tw<i weeks df pteliffiitiafy. teed* ing Idt 1 was put 6ii a fatidn 6l Cbfft' and eob Mfeal,' and buiieffnilk! iat' 2', dofn and cdb ttieal, eettdn seed ineal and buttefffiilk; I6t 3, the Batte, fexdefit that the amount of cottonseed - weal Was double that of lot 2; lot 4, corn and cob meal, gluten meal and buttermilk; lot 6, cofti and eob meal, cut clov* er hay and buttemilk. *fhe pigs all Made very rapid gains, these being on the ration of cottonseed with , othei' feed making an average daily gain of i.4 pounds. The. experimenters arrived at the. conclusion that cottonseed meal is fatal to hogs wnen fed in sufficient quantity, the total amount required to prove fatal being in this case from 27 to 33 pounds per hog. Hogs in this experiment were fed without injury for seventeen weeks following cattle that were fed from four to seven pounds of cottonseed meal per head dally. Cottonseed meal added to a corn and cob meal ration for hogs materially increased and cheapened the gains over corn and cob meal alone. Cut clover hay added to a corn and cob meal ration and soaked twelve hours before feeding gave no advantage in gain over corn and cob meal alone. It is not likely that much cottonseed meal will be fed while corn and wheat are so cheap;, but the information brought out in this bulletin will be useful in years when the,price of corn is high enough to justify the profitable use of cottonseed meal. , Fattening Horses. • In preparing horses for sale, says a writer, good conditions make a great difference. It should be honestly done; and yet, if honestly done, there is no reason why the owner of a horse who desires to sell it should not put it in the shape that best meets the demands of the customer, by honestly doing it—we mean putting on flesh with medicines of high condimental feeding, and putting it under conditions of exercise that will insure its staying qualities, and that is not mere blubber of fat, injurious to the wind and endurance of 1 the animal. For this purpose many horsemen use moderate quanities of flaxseed jelly; some employ steamed oil meal. If moderately fed, these assist in digestion and keep the bowels in good condition, putting on a glossy coat, while, when moderately fed, oil meal adds in. the formation of fat. It, of itself, is a muscle making feed. Many a hard working horse would be all the better for a handful of oil meal at night, even where there is no intention of putting him in sale condition. By judicious individual feeding of gooo! grain, with oil meal, a bunch of horses, even when somewhat run down, can be put in sale condition in from six to eight weeks. T.here is not much use in trying to get a good price for these horses, nor is there much business sense in letting them go for what they will bring, letting somebody else make the profit that can be.made out of them by simply putting on another hundred pounds or so of flesh.-—Ex. ' ; Crushed. Oats and Cut Hay. To test the relative merits of crushed vs. whole oats in feeding horses, one of the great London omnibus companies some years ago conducted an interesting experiment, says the Farmer's Advocate. Of the 6,000 horses in the company's employment, one-half were fed on crushed oats and cut hay and straw and the other half on whole oats and hay. The ration allowed per day to each horse, according to the one system, was: Crushed oats, 16 Ibs,; cut bay, 7% Ibs.; cut straw, 2y a Ibs. The quantity according to the old system was: Whole oats, 19 Ibs.; uncut hay, 13 Ibs. A daily saving ,of 6 Ibs of food was thus effected, and this saving was not merely in the quantity, but in the value of the materials employed, for straw in the former case was substituted for hay in the latter, The advantage • of one kind of feeding over the other was far more apparent when reduced to money value. The saving by using the crushed oats and cut hay was nearly 2%d per day for each horse, which was equal to £62 10s per day for the 6,000 horses. And this saving was accomplished without any sacrifice whatever, for all the driyers" and those having charge of the horses agreed that the difference in the horses was decidedly Jn favor of those fed on crushed oats and cnt hay and straw, Rich Eggs—Eggs from hens that are fed largely on sipps and refuse are not as goe4 for cooking purposes as those which are laid by hens havjfls a liberal ration of corn*op, wheat, says Farm News, ana of the two corn ma^es the y}eh.e.Bt egg, as Jt, a d<Js to the fftt cgn. tents and fives, the csn|t§nts of the shell § gqnsist^nQy that, npfceg it sne, valuable ,|oj, 1 baking "anfl. Kindred j»eat ra.tlP.ft ftlf.o ,#«&} to. the yajw? «f, »e fegp, 'JWMI'N •'!? because 1 siflrtffrsjtdewtwfc ' -•''•"« '-• hid, "I tof d net I'd gei up tftfljf ftni d«st. r * "WelH" "Bhegotapattd dMteoV* ( y • , ^ f iltj-fl** Minutes ifttttfe '•;V $& ',-i/f Me—t eSttld bf fiif<rti4$ ydu S8 tBftt WltnW ftflhonf vdti wfiufdthf 6W ytfttf ftftMSftf <MiM ttfjtee£ ,. ,i«.»t.*«''" 1 She-1 could Bybnotlfefe you With thai fifrft mintites. fhefd fii-6fctoavegnott afld thettttet wittt ,who **bfB66Bi t-eftam ideal bitttjs Sflfl; poisotious stitauii as idbntidai witft etger* BBfeingbfopBfilesaktttWtllbse of Hdftteis, ter's Stomach Bittefs. Tbesd soattips only etieeeed in fctisting their trash* cdifipbtiBds * upbH people unacquainted with the genUifie article, which is as hiuch their opposite aft day is W night. Ask and take no Sttbstl^ tttt4 tof the grand refiaedy fbr trials™.-' dyspepsia) constipation, i-hettttiatlsm, and, kidttey trouble. _ '"> A London hatl-di-esser states that there is, only one really ifif ttllible hair producer atid ,, that Is onion juice. "A Cut* ot l*JSi*kg' 'JTt'U, ftb nigbt moves the bowels in the inorning." You should forget many things In others, but nothing in yourself.—Ansonlus. * Everyone known how It In to gutter with corns, abd they uio h.t couducl ve • to graceful walking. Remove them with Uiudercoftd. Genuine simplicity of heart is a healing and cementing principle.—Burke. Many Influence* comlilne to reduce licnlth '' to ihu (lunger limit. Tim rovlvln* properties of 1'arltor's Glngor Tonlo tost oveicouio these Ills, A wrltei. in the Lancet points out that ' the best coffee is made in the simplest ap* pnratus—a plain earthen jug. It is a Pleasure To recommend Hood's Sarsaparilla to all afflicted with blood or skin diseases. My; blood was out of order, and I suffered for years from psoriasis. I tried several remedies without benefit.-. After taking Hood's Sarsaparilla for two months I was restored to my former good health and feel like a different person. As a blood purifier I th'ink Hood's Sarsaparilia has no equal." CHAS. L. COCKELRBAS, Irving, Illinois. aot harmoniously with Hood 'a Sarsaparilla. S6a. in^**Wt**»Wt***W*i**9fepfc*t***k*fc*ta*u7hPVK World's Fair I HIGHEST AWARD. | IMPERIAL -ORANUM Always WINS HOSTS off FRIENDS wherever itsf Superior Merits become! I known. It is the Safest! i FOOD for Convalescents!: I Sold by DRUGGISTS EVERYWHERE I "•• John Carle & Sons, New York. »!g) A few Doses of DWobb'S US will relieve Pains in your Back, Sides, Muscles, Joints, Head, etc. and all Kidney Troubles; Rheumatism, Gout, An- aemia, and other Blood Troubles, caused by sick kidneys. A few boxes will cure. 411 dniKgielB, or mailed postpaid for 50e. per bos, Writs for Chicago. , MEDICINE CQ., S»n 'IW.'ifiawUe, Bpjvrlng (n tlieoftrsjuul -i.?ft „__.,_, »!wiMnm*tiwwe(lby A»raUno/tii8 >„¥, raaliSOBlfiMJ VSffiWlS. V .VOW UNUHflttt jjgr l|Ofl»X>J rerwara apiBV W p«) tor trf a l topple w*» iktfmw® • P& *VW4^^^ f l^^^8aW«w^7Wjt*' -?^~^'-' •"• —"^~ .i).' ..-..>.,.» .,';-,;.
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