Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on April 16, 1946 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Tuesday, April 16, 1946
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SI* HOPE STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS Byrnes' Spy Proposal Gets Red Attention By EDDY GILMORE Moscow, April 13 — MV- Russians read with considerable inter est today a statement by U. S. Secretary of State Byrnes that he was determined to obtain an appropriation of $4,150,326 xor a separate Intelligence unit. The account, carried in Izvestia. told of Byrnes' recent attempt to gain reinstatement of the allotment, after it was turned down by a congressional committee. "Particular significance was attached here to Izvestia's account quoting Byrnes as saying that "an intelligence service is not only an important mechanism for accomplishing our foreign policy but also a real element in our national system of security." Russians say they find it difficult to reconcile such statements with criticisms in the United States of intelligence services of other countries. The Russian press, in a wide variety of comment on international news, also took notice of reports of Ku Klux Klan activity in the United States; charged Britain with -"increased interest in empire preferences": and said that the trial of Gen. Draja Mihailovic in Yugoslavia was "one of the links in the cause of uprooting Spain Invites UN to Look Nation Over Madrid. April 13 — (/P) —'The Franco cabinet, describing the latest accusations against Spain as part of a world Communist campaign, today invited the United Nations to send a commission to this country to "prove the absolute falsity" of charges that German scientists are working on the atomic bomb in Spain. In a brief communique issued after its meeting, the cabinet also termed "false" and "absurd" charges brought by Poland at the United Nations Security Council meeting in New York that Spain was endangering world peace. Poland also had asserted that the Franco government was harboring German scientists, and from Paris said that a rn ports German Fascism's last children." President Truman's speech at "Hyde Park yesterday paying trib ute-to the late President Roosevelt was conspicuously displayed by the Soviet press and the Moscow radio carried ' accounts sfcort wave bands. on home and Shortage of ^Clothes May :Be Relieved t Washington, April 13 —OT—Stabilization Director Chester Bowles expressed- confidence today that the shoitage of inexpensive clothing "will have eased considerably scientist was operating an atomic research laboratory near Toledo. The invitation for a commitee to tour Spain was limited to "those nations represented in the United Nations with which Spain maintains friendly relations." Members of the Security Council which do not maintain diplomatic relations with the Franco government are Poland. Russia, Mexico, France and China. The text of the communique follows: "Th^e government discussed the Soanish nation presented by the Polish delegale lo the Security Council of the United Nations, and in view of this decided: "A. To reject as absolutely and totally false the absurb accusations formulated by the Polish delegate thai Ihe country which is giving j proof of the greatest serenity and Pacific spirit, without giving even a shadow of pretext to those who provoke it, could be a danger to world peace, despite the continuous and symstematic alack by inter national Communism. "B. To offer to those nations represented in the United Nations with which Spain maintains friendly re- in three months. J Irt'fura'dio address, he appealed to the-public to be patient whilev^longer." a little ; Stating that production of cloth and-aparel is on the uptrend, Bowies added: ". ."Ordinarily it takes about 1 weeks^for new fabrics to .show up as .finished garments in your stores. This while troublesome sit uatioii, I am confident, should , be a IbT- better by the middle of " Bojgjjes, in a review of the clothing problem, said that to date the record- of getting low and moderately^priced garments on the marEet~"is no credit either to the industry or the government." ' Discussing the . shirt shortage Bowles- said a principal reason 'or it is '"the absolutely staggering demand." The • government estimates, he reported,, that Americans- would- snap up more than 320.000,000 shirts this yea^. , "But in- the last prewar year, 1939, far less than half that many Monday, April 15, 1946 ADVENTURES IN SPACE: The Story of Radar No; 11: Space Ships BY DAVID DDETZ •Hotc'd "Science 'Writer: Author of "Atomic Bnergy In the Coming Era," Etc. .^ ' .., ("Written for NEA Service) »i, (1) Scientists some day will have nt their command rockets powered by atomic energy and easily controlled by radar. Such a rocket might be sent on a round-trip journey to the moon | Scientists would not care to travel on the initial trial of this rocket but it could easily be equipped with automatic still and motion picture cameras and all sorts of scientific recording apparatus—thermometers and the like. It (4) As <i matter of facf, "up" and f . . radar-contcolled rocket 4 "down" nre without meaning in thcj ;.£ ships begin traveling to Mars and | rocket. If a passenger wishes to recline ('might even be equipped with a dragnet 1 and Mars. * or scoop to bring back a sample scraping 5 (3) When of the moon's surface. '£'ships _ „ .. r o __ • (2) Eventually rockets may become' V .Venus, the passengers will be in for | at case on" the Verting, he"is "porfectlM space ships, carrying passengers to the * some surprises, to say the least. Imag- 3 comfortable in what seems to you, sit-, distant planets. This will be a far more inc. for example, that you are in a f ting at the table, an upside-down posU space ship or rocket 10,000,000 miles "' tion. Since there is no terrcstial gravity] to be counteracted, he has no feelingj of being upside-down. But if the rocket changes its speed or direction, Iheso' changes would give all the effect of al miles to go. You would,';? force of gravity for the moment, be outsido of the earth's difficult job than sending a rocket to the moon, for while the moon is 240,000 miles away, the distance lo the planets is measured in millions of miles. The planet nearest the sun is Mercury. Then comes Venus, then our own earth. Mars is next, then Jupiter, Saturn, and the others. The first space ships would set out for our nearest neighbors, Venus 10,000,000 miles out from the earth, bound for the planet Mars. You -are making the journey at n time when Ihc two planets arc closest to each olher, and so you still have 26,000,000 therefore, gravitational field and not yet within the eravitalion.il field of Mars. • TOMORROW; The Invisible tor. 41 Scouts From Hope Attend Camp Forty-one Boy Scouts from Hope's four Boy Scout troops at tended a two-day camporee, com- to circulate in our country, visiting its manufacturing establishments and experimental stations, so that they may prove the absolute falsity of accusations about alleged work on the atomic bomb which is said to be carried on by German technicians, provided that once the inaccuracy of this is proved, ample publicity be given the results of the visit. "C. To declare once more than it opposes with all firmness any kind of interference of foreigners in the internal affairs of Spain which are perculiar and proper to national sovereignty." o- Woshington shirts- were bought and sold," Bowles said. "Juststhink what the millions of returning G.I's would do. to .-the kind of stocks you used to find, in your stores. '"With each man wanting maybe three or four or a half dozen, the shirt industry would be kept busy for, months, just supplying veterans alone." ,' Bowles listed these "basic reasons'^ for the shortage of inexpensive cottonVclothing: • ,*•:• IV'A shortage'pf-Workers •. in'the textfce mills during the" last -two years. "" ' •• ; "--^--- W: - ------ -•--.- '•2. Failure of the government to take "more vigorous, realistic action" in the early days of the clothing scarcity. Bowles reiterated that clothing should have been rationed and that controls to curb shifts to high-price lines should have been instituted sooner s than they were. 3. Remocal shortly after the war of..controls which required mills to .make essential fabrics needed for law-cost clothing. These were restored' a few days ago. 4." Rising raw cotton prices. Bowles said cotton prices are the highest in 22 years and three times as high as they were 1930. ' '.'And every price increase in raw cotton makes it so much hard- er';,ior the mills to weave moderately-priced materials — harder for manufacturers to get the cloth they : need for inexpensive clothing," he said. Bowles repeated an earlier assertion that unless OPA is successful in checking cotton speculation through .its program of higher margin requirements for Ju- tures trading, "the government will definitely use its authority • to set ceilings on raw colon, if thal's the only way this ruthless speculation can be stopped." o • w By JACK SYlNNETT Washington — If ever a bridegroom socked a bride, Congress did just that to President Truman and long before the legislative and administrative branches had been wed a year. The honeymoon started out all orange blossoms and honey, but within six months Congress was alternating with . slap-downs and the silent treatment. The President told a friend: "I must have been naive." If there was any line of demarcation, it was drawn when President Truman sent that .16,000- word 21-point message to Congress on Sept. 6. It was the socond- .ongest such message on record. Four and a half months later, in his double-barreled message on the budget and tlje 'Stale of Ihe and Saturday. The scouts were dismissed from school at 2:30 Friday afternoon and left immediately for camp to return late Saturday afternoon. While" at camp Ihe scouts participated in many scoulcrafl activi- lies, including outdoor cooking, knots, scout pace, compass, axe and knife handicraft and many other activities. The scouts were accompanied to camp by Field Scout Executive Orville Hickman and Perry Campbell, assistanl scoutmaster of Troop 67. The following scouts atlended Ihe camporee: Cabin I, Troop 67 A: Charles Crawford, cabin leader, James McCorkle, Kenneth Slone, Harmon Tyner, Wallace Blackwood, J. B. I Juries, Wallace Blackwood, Speedy Marlor, Billy Pitlel. Wesley Huddleston, Travis Reaves, Joe Oiler, James Hollis, Red Ponder, Darrell Mustgrove, Arlice Petlil. Cabin II, Troop 66 and Troop 58: Paul Howard, cabin leader, Van Wiggins, Henry Lile, Robert Vines, Dale Wakcfield, J. W. Cunningham. Cabin III, Troop 62: I. J. Sutton, cabin leader, Pete Shields, Pat Patlerson, Dwight Purtle, Arch Moore, Don Duffic, Billy Milam. OFF COLOR 'Mount Vernon, III., April 13—f/Pi —Here's a new twist to the nylon house situation. A^ woman walked into a woman's shop here and said she wanted to return a pair of nylons she had purchased a few days earlier. An astonished clerk asked '"Why?" "Not the right color," she complained. union to the new session of Congress, President iTrumari still was pleading for those 21 points and Eive additional. The end of his first year say only a handful o£ them passed and those of --minor ..... -importance. The rest were either bogged down, dead or, in one instance, weighted down with a rider that Senate leaders said would result in the President's veto. As his first year drew toward its close, President Truman was openly pointing his finger at Congress and speaking of "a handful of men" (in commitees) blocking the administralion's legislalive program. Three weeks before his first anniversary, the president was publicly pleading for the Democratic majority in Congress to assume its "party responsibility" and cooperate in carrying out "the party platform." The Democrats in Congress, of course, are the majority. The president's legislative program could be neither defeated nor balked without desertions to the Republican side. Once more, it was the old story that has plagued Democratic unity since the Civil War— a split between the liberals and the southern conservatives. The southern Democrats talked to death the president's Fair Em ployment Practices act. The southern Democrats threated the minimum wage scale revisions (although it was the Senate Farm bloc thai draped it with the party farm price changes, to which the Bv Dick Turner COPR. 19«C BY NEA SERVICE. INC. T. M. REG. U. G. PAT. OFF J.!. Lieblong Heads County Library Board J. I. Licb'.ong, superintendent of Fulton Schools, was elected chairman of the Hempstead County Library Board at a meeting in the courthouse Saturday afternoon. Mr. Lieblong succeeds Charles Reynor- son. who resigned because of ill health. Other officers elected were: Vice chairman. R. W. McCracken, Blevins; secretary, Miss Mary Culls, Washinglon; treasurer, Miss Elsie Wcisenberger; finance committee. R. W. McCracken, chairman, Syd McMath. Miss Mary Calls and Miss Elsie Weiscnbcrgcr; headquarters commillee, J. I. Lieblong, chairman; Elmer Brown. Mrs. J. R. Henry and berccr. Miss Elsie Wciscn- Cabin Hacker, IV, Troop 67B: assislant cabin Ben H. leader, Bobby Scale, Tommy Doyle, Louis Sutton, Athel Dean Roach, Jerry O'Neal, Jack Taylor, Tom Duckett, Jim Edwards, Tinker Urrcy, Nolen Slanford, Charles Cross, Arlice Peltit. "This is Miss Meggs, girls! She' will edit our new gossip sheet lo be mailed to customers who must cancel Iheir appointments!" This Curious Wos-ld By William Ferguson president was so opposed). They had a big hand to in changing the so-called "full em- ploymem" bill. When the shouting is all over, more of the president's program will be passed, with compromises no doubt, but passed nevertheless Big fighls on two major domestic issues and one major foreign issue strongly recommended bv the 1 president are still ahead. These Have your medicine chest needs on hand. For the purest and best quality, buy them here. Fresh, Pure Drugs are used in every prescription we fill. Utmost care, accuracy and experience are used at all times. LET US FILL YOUR PRESCRIPTION CRESCENT DRUG STORE 225 S. Moin Suspect in Poison Death KillsSelf Columbia, Mo., April 15 — (UP) — Authorities were convinced today, that Dr. Adolph Zech, University of Missouri professor German, killed himself afler a delector lesl because he had poisoned his wife with arsenic as she lay in a hospilal bed. Zech, a quiet, mild-mannered and scholarly man, sat al the desk in his study yesterday afternoon, wrote a suicide note to the country prosecutor denying thai he killed his wife, then fired a .22 caliber rifle bullet into his right temple. A coroner's jury three days earlier had found that Zech's wife, Marie, died of arsenic administered by "a parly or parlies un- cnown." On Saturday Zech was ubjected to questioning zor 10 lours and underwent a lie detector est. Authorities said the results vere "definilely unfavorable." 'As far as I'm concerned the suicide solves Ihe murder," said roseculor George S. Spencer. 'This closes Ihe case." Aulhorilies believed Zech mixed arsenic in botled sofl drinks which brought to his wife's bedside, ie admitled keeping a sack of arsenale of lead in his basement 'or spraying rose bushes. After the coroner's jury returned Is verdict ,Zech had urged a thorough investigation to delermine if a murder aclually had been com- mitled. Zech, 48, German-born and a naluralized American cilizen, had lived quielly wilh his wife on Ihe aniversily campus. They had wilh- neld Ihemselves from manl' of Ihe social aclivities of facully mem- :rs. • When asked whal he thought the jpurder motive was, Prosecutor Spencer said: "A motive? Well, I think he was very unhappy because his wife was in poor heallh." Mrs. Zech, 44, had been a patient at the Boone county hospital for nine days before her mysterious death April 5. Before that, she was a patienl at Noyes hospital —Ihe universily imirmary—for 5 weeks, bul physicians said she had no serious illness arid sent her home. Associales said Zech had complained of his wife's "whining dis- posilion." HADDONFIELD, NEVVJERSEV THE ABOVE LETTER WAS DELIVERED TO HER PROMPTLY. - CAN YOU NAME FOUR SOURCES The library board made plans for he year. The nexl board meeting will be May 18 at 3 p. courlhouse. •o- m. in Ihc Help Asked in Controlling Car Prices Chairman A. A. Albritlon of Ihe .Hempstead County Price Contclo Board loday asked aid of the gen eral public in controlling used cai prices. "If you think you have bcci overcharged for a used car or i new one, gel in louch with you Local Price Control Board or will Ihc Dislricl OPA Office at Litlle Rock," Chairman Albrillon said. He pointed out lhat failure of dealers to give "reasonable IRazorbacks to End Spring Practice Term Wednesday Fayeltcville, April 15 — W) — HP;IC| Coach John Barnhill today began adding the final touches to .spring football practice at the Univcrsily of Arkansas, but the activity was merely a posl mortem to Saturday's inlrasquad game, in which the Whiles eked out a 12-7 victory over the Reds. The curtain will be brought down on the off-season drills Wednesday. Aubrey Fowler, fleet triplc- Ihreatcr who transferred from Arkansas Tech, was the difference in Saturday's dress rehcrsal. He tallied both of Ihc Whiles' touch- trade-in value" on old cars was the inosl common method'of overcharging for new automobiles. Ceiling prices for used cars are in two categories—Ihc "as is" price which is all Ihe individuals may charge and the "warranty" price which qualified dealers may charge. The "warranty" price is 25 per ccnl more lhan Iho "as is" price and is allowed authorized dealers in return for guaranteeing the automobile against mechanical defects for 1,000 miles or 30 days, whichever comes first. A car sold under the "warranty" must be in good operating condition at the lime of sale. Should Ihe automobile go bad later, the purchaser who pays the "Warranty" price is entitled lo repairs at one-half the usual cost, providing of course, thai mechanical dcfccls develop before Ihe end of Iho warranty period of 1,OOC miles or ISO days. When shopping for a used car, consumers can pro- lecl Ihemsclves by checking Ihc price tag on every car. This tag gives the "as is" price and any additional equipment for which an extra charge may be made, such as radios and heaters. There also is a space on the price tag to show whether the dealer is selling the Southern Sets Record in Attendance By The Associated Press Southern Association teams trav clcd today lo the scenes of tomorrow's second round of opening games with Atlanta and New Orleans ncrched on top after Ihe initial three-game meetings. Yesterday's combined attendance figure of nearly 50,000 probably sel a one-day record, Lcagim.. President Bill.v Evans said. tt? The year's first shutout and one- hitler came in yesterday's round of doubleheaders when Atlnntu's Earl McGowan mowed down Birmingham, 1-0, afler Ihc Crackers had taken the first till, 7-1. In the first game, Babe ElUs drove in five o'f Atlanta's scvifti runs, two with a home run in Ihb third frame, before a packed house of 15,100. New Orleans also made a clcah sweep of ils first opponent, dumping Mobile yesterday, 9-1 and 0-3. fa Pole Hadcr held the Bears lo* four hils in Ihc firsl game and Hoy Snnnor allowed only three in Ihc nightcap. An estimated 10,500 was on hand. Chattanooga, after bowing to Nashville Friday, won yesterday's first game, 9-3, and then came from behind to lie the Vols, 4-4 before darkness hailed play. A crowd of 12,043, second largest in Nashville's history, turned out. At Memphis, a crowd of 11,053 watched as Lillle Rock broke a two-game losing streak by scorin», a run in Ihe lasl inning o f Ihc nightcap for a 3-2 victory after dropping the oppcner, 8-(i. The second round of opening games tomorrow pits Ihe same loams against each olher, bul reverses Ihc cilies. The cighl clubs conclude Thursday nighl afler which Memphis goes to Mobile, Nashville to At- lanla, Lillle Rock lo New Orleans each of Ihc scries being tour games and Chattanoga to Birmingham, each of the series being four game ending next Monday nighl. fy o The Pacific is the largest and deepest of the oceans, and with dependent seas has an area ' downs, one on a 65-yard punt re turn and another on a line jab. The Reels scored on a pass from Pruil (Ace) about 05,00,000 Ihe entire globe. land miles—equal surface of of to the HELIUMC5AS '. AT THE CLOSE OF THE FIRST WORLD WAR COST ABOUT 2.SOO PER CUBIC FOOT/NOW THE COST IS ABOUT AN.SWER:_Sugar cane, sugar beets,'sugar maples^ grapes, corn"'! Gales Delay Search for Sea's Gold By RICHARD C. GLASS Miami, Fla., April 15—(.UP) — Somewhere in a secluded cove in the Florida Keys strong winds today boiled up an expedilion seeking $30,000,000 in stolen Indian gold which reportedly has lain on the ocean's bottom since 1520, protected by the curse of Montezuma. Unmindful that the wrathful spirit of the Aztec chieftain from whom the bullion was stolen may be riding the gale, divers today impatiently checked their gear and made last minule prepara- ,,, ,, .,i « •, ,r- ,„. A, i lions. Toey will resume their sea- Blytheville, April 15 - W)-Ab- botom ^ r * be of the rotle(ii c . oral . ner J Ashcrufl, 40 Cooler, Mp., ! crusted Spanish galleon, the Santa marshal, riiod vP.stPi-riav of imnriPS IT, MARSHAL DIES immediately the winds marshal, died yesterday of injuries suffered March 26 in a traffic ac-1 cident near Blytheville. Funeral I T . , ,,,.,,. , , r services will be held Tuesday al ^n^^"ed ^IhS ^ O0lt1 ' L . ._ Ihe hulk of Ihe sunken treasure ship Saturday .Heavy winds thai are a hcallh and prepaid medical ; whipped Ihe area caused tcrnpor- care program (the Wagner-Mur-j ary cancellation of the search. day lhal Ihe small crafl warnings in the Keys area would conlinuc through the; clay, but lhat the wind is expected lo diminish tomorrow. No word has been received from Ihc expedilion .since Williamson reported lhal he would remain in shcller until Ihc warnings were lifted. Red Cross Gray Ladies arc serving 1,202 federal and civilian hospitals. ray-Dingell acti, universal military training, and the S3.7SO.OOO,- 000 UritiLh ioai.. however, and drove Ihc group to the safety of the secret cove. The weather bureau reported to- IS GETTING UP NIGHTS GETTING YOU DOWN? Thousands say famous doctor's discovery gives blessed relief from irritation of the bladder caused by ;. excess acidity in the urine Why outfer needlessly from backaches, run-down feeling from excess ur.idily in the urinc> Just try DU. KILMER'S SWAMP KOOT, the renowned herbal medicine. SWAMP ROOT acts fast on the kidneys fo promote the flow of urine and relieve troublesome excess acidity. Originally created by a practising physician, Dr. Kilmer's is a carefully blended combination of 16 herbs, roots, vegetables, balsams. Abstjluicly nothing harrh or habit- forming in this pura, scientific preparation. Just good ingredients that quickly act on the kidneys to increase tiic flow of urine and ease discomforts of bladder irritation* A" druggists tell Swamp Rovt. 10-yard Kelly, freshman from Gallatin, Tenn., to End Herman Slylcs of Bauxite. Jake Baldwin kicked the goal. o 9,000 Servicemen Are Scheduled to Disembark Today By The Associated Press More than 0,000 servicemen arc duo lo arrive at New York and three west coast ports loday aboard M troop transports. Eight ships wilh 7,757 men arc due at New York; throe with 23 at San Francisco; two wilh 208 al San Diego, and one wilh 1,511 al . car under the warranty and whcth one-foot | er he is adding 25 per ccnl lo his price for giving a guaranlee. Sell- Helps Build Up Resistance Against CRAMPS, NERVOUS TENSION Of "CERTAIN DAYS" of the COLORED CULINARY ART Boston, April 15 — (/P)— An agitated voice on the telephone asked Ihe Boston Museum of Fine Arts: "What colors should I mix lo gel purple?" An expert replied: "Take red and blue paint . . ." "Bul I'm not mixing paints," Ihe caller interrupted. "I'm baking an Easier cake and I want lo use a violet frosting." ing used cars on a warranty basis when the dealer had not qualified wilh OPA and received proper authorization is a violation. A consumer who has been overcharged is enlillccl lo sue Ihe dealer for Ihree limes Ihe overcharge, or $50, whichever is greater, plus court costs and attorney fees. "If you do not want to file suit yourself, a complaint lo your OPA Price Control Board will result in appropriate action," OPA officials said. "This does not mean lhal OPA necessarily will attempt In get your money back for you. It may be lhal the case will be considered sufficiently serious lo war- rani criminal prosecution. But in vast majority of cases, the Local Board will seek to negotialc a settlement." For instance, an auto dealer recently admitted an overcharge of $95 on a secondhand car. The overcharge was not intentional but could have been avoided had the dealer been a lillle more careful. As a result, Ihe Price Board for Ihe area agreed on a settlement for one and one-half limes Ihe amount of the overcharge. This meanl that $95 was repair! to the purchaser and $47.50 went into the Treasury of Ihe Unilcd Slales. Take This Great Medicine Thruout The Month! Also A Fine Stomachic Tonic! . Do feinnlo functional periodic dls- turhnnces cnuse you to suiter from monthly crumps, headache, bnckncha; feel norvous, tired, Jittery, cranky— at such times? Then try famous Lydia E. Plnkham's Vegetable Compound to relieve such symptoms! Plnkham's Compound. DOES MOKE yian rcliovu such monthly pain. It also relieves accompanying weak, tired, nervous feelings—of such 'J nature. It has a soothing effect on one of woman's most important organs. Over 100 Million Bottles Sold! Taken thruoutthc month-Pinkham's Compound helps build up resistance against such distress. ; In case you suitor like this—wo urge you to glvo Plnkham's Compound a fair trial. Thousands upon thousands of girls and women have reported remarkable benefits. Just see If you, too, aren't delighted with results I All drug« stores. VEGETABLE COMPOUND To The Public We will Grind all feeds, except Sorghum Cane and Corn Stalks. We will have plenty • Fresh Ground CORN MEAL (Both White and Yellow) *' We have a complete stock of • PURINA FEEDS and Plenty of • BABY CHICKS (Most all the heavy breeds) EDERS SUPPLY (0. Phone 25 Lester Huckgbee Hope, Ark. 0 u r D a i I y Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H. Washburn Iron Case Strikes at UN's Roots O Mississippi I For nil her journalistic attacks upon the alleged imperialism of Great Britain and the United States it was Russia alone which sent armed men into the territory of a neighboring country from which she wanted something. That is the reason why the Uni, ( tod Nations is now insisting that ' it be informed about eevrything that look place—even though Iran has withdrawn her formal complaint against Russia. The whole affair smells of violence. UN may well suspect that Iran's withdrawal of her complaint was a mailer of coercion, just as was any settlement which she may or may not have reached with Russia regarding Iranian oil —the bone of contention. The keystone which holds the United Nations together is this one great principle: That nations shall lay aside armed force and sit down peaceably to discuss their grievances against one another. . Russia has violated this cardinal principle—or is presumed to nave violated It until investigation discloses otherwise—from the obvious physical facts of what has taken place on l!>o Iranian border. And UN's in. • v i | -'-n must therefore go on, . «,'...- , :: .what either Russia or Iru.i'.. v. ''"' • * * * ' . > My old fried Edgar Harris,, 'ub- lishcr of the West Point CMiisJ Times Leader, has this cryptic paragraph in his Page One column "The Marc\'i of Events": "Jack and Marion Spiers and Ollie Robertson, who arc said to operate a liquor store near Columbia, arc on trial at Hat- ticsburg, but you couldn't possibly guess what for. They arc not charged with violations of Mississippi's bone dry laws or for failure to lake out a Federal license, but for the hicnious offense of selling liquor at above OPA ceiling prices. It's a wacky world, isn'l il? o * * * By JAMES THRASHER Progress by Embarrassment The Russian government seems to have been embarrassed by the UN Security Council's consideration of the Russo-Iranian controversy. So Russia, through her obedient friend and neighbor, Poland, apparently is trying to embarrass the United Slates and Britain by calling allcnlion again to the continued existence of the Franco government in Spain. •Russia's allempt will probably be successful. During Ihe war the two allied weslcrn democracies played along with Franco for understandable reasons of exped- eincy. Since those reasons have become invalid, they have made known their dislike of the Franco government by a half-hearted and ineffeclivo" invitation to the Spanish people to turn out the Falang- ist clique. •Meanwhile Russia, France and others have pressed for stronger measures. Now things are coming to a head, as they were bound to. A possible results is thai the United Nations may be able to establish a precedent as to what constitutes a threat to world peace and what constitutes interference in a nation's politics. There arc proven charges against Franco. He gained and held his power with the military help of the Axis. He was a fawning admirer Of Hitler and Mussolini, and gave them considerable aid in World War II. He had modeled his government along Axis lines, and is running a dictatorship of a cruel and repressive sort. But does that make Franco a menace to world peace? Should the United Nations take active steps to remove him—even though the Spanish people, given a free election, might astound the world by voting him continuance in power, as the Argentine voters did Peron? There is good reason to answer yes to both Ihose questions. The Spain of Francisco Franco is a menace to world peace because, •so long as it remains, the fight against the Axis is not ended. World War II was a war between hostile, incompatible ideologies, even though we seem to have forgotten that today, II was a war to rid the world of the barbarian Hitler and his barbarous ideas of race and government. But those ideas suil flourish in Madrid. And so long as they do, Spanish soil is a dangerously fertile ground for the unfinished ideological war to break out again. Franco Spain also merits some punishment by the victorious United Nations as an active, if feeble, Axis partner. Spain's collaboration cost Allied lives and delayed viclorys. Her "neutrality" may have been as much of an asset to Hitler as Italy's belligerency was a liability. These are all familiar facts, but they must be faced. And when they are faced and acted upon, there are many more trouble spots in the world which must be dealt with before peace becomes a comfortable reality. All these trouble spots— India, •Egypt, Argentina, Indonesia, Palestine, llic Balkans, and Ihc resl —are an embarrassment to one or another of the great powers. Mutual efforts to embarras one's neighbors are not Ihe ideal way to cure international headaches. Bui if they result in clearing up Ihc trouble spots, we cannot quarrel too strongly with the method. Hope Star WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Mostly cloudy and cooler with scattered showers this afternoon. Fair and cooler tonight \Vednesday fair continued cooler. 47TH YEAR: VOL. 47—NO. 156 Star of Hone, 1899: Press. 1927 Consolidated January 18. 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, APRIL 16, 1946 lone Wolf Ranger Enters Murder Probe Texarkana, April 10—(UP)—The .nvosligalion 'continued today, un- \cr the direction of Texas Ranger VI. T. (Lone Wolf) Gonzaullns, in Jic double slaying of 17-year-old Paul Martin and 15-year-old Belly Jo Booker, who were found shot icar Texarkana early Sunday. Gonzuallas, known generally as the deadliest man oil the draw with cither hand in the southwest, entered the investigation yesterday lo help sorl oul Ihc meager clues in Ihc case, Ihc second double slaying in Texarkana with Ihc past three weeks. The bodies of young Martin and Miss Booker were found a mile apart on country lanes north of Texarkana. Captain Gonzuallas and Sheriff W. H. Presley of Bowie county, Texas, said cxaminatio not Martin's body indicalcd lhal he put up a terrific struggle before succumbing to four bullet wounds. Two shols ended Ihe girl's life. And as officers continued an ' elimination study of suspects, aroused residents of Texarkana boosted a reward fund lo $1,500, Captain Gonzuallas, Texas' most colorful ranger, has been engaged in some 40 gun fighls in which one or -more persons have been killed He received his "Lone Wolf" lillc for his tendency to work cases alone. Learning the Mexican border bad spots from Pancho Villa .Francisco Madcra and Jesus Carranza, he became chief of the Rangers in 1943. He hasn't done much talking about his part in the Mexican rcvo- ullions, bul he is believed lo have played quile an aclive role. Considered exlrcmcly capable, Ihc handsome, determined and calm ranger has lots of friends, and likewise lols of enemies. Sunday's double killing is the second of ils kind in the Texarkana area within the pasl Ihree weeks. The bodies of Richard Griffin and Polly Ann Moore were found in a parked car on Ihc outskirts of the city lasl March 24th. No arrests were made in connection with that double shooting. Funeral services arc planned for young Martin and Miss Booker today. Nation Goes Meatless While Congress Wrestles With the Ever-Growing Black Market By The Associated Press A large section of the nation remained on a meatless diet loday as Ihe government waged a fighl lo break illegal dealings in meat and to restore more equal distri- bulion of supplies. The shortage in meal, acu'.o in many metropolitan centers, was reported in nearly every part of the country. Conditions worse than in wartime when meat was rationed prevailed in many cities, large and small. Some sections said the silualion was "getting worse." Butcher shops opened their doors bul weary customers didn't have much to choose — fowl and cold cuts — if any. A meat packer told the Scnale Agriculture Committee in Washington the situation was "a national scandal which makes prohibition look like petly crime.' In Washinglon, Ihe OPA and Ihc Dcparlmenl of Agriculture announced the reeslablishmenl of wartime meat slaughtering quotas in an effort lo diverl Ihc supply of available livcslock inlo cslablished packing planls. The FBI also was ordered inlo Ihe invesligalion of Ihe nalionwide shorlago of supplies. In Chicago, spokesmen for the meat producing and packing industries said the OPA action in re- sloring slaughter quotas "will not provide a remedy for the black market in meat." But Price Administrator Paul A. Porter said the effect of the con- Irols would be lo "provide for bel- ler distribution of meat supplies a ceiling prices lo relail slores." Secretary of Agricullure Anderson said il meant "in reality a sharo- Ihe-liveslock program." Meanwhile, in Chicago's stockyards yesterday there was feverish compelilion for supplies of top grades of cattle. Although the yards received 15,000 catlle, only a few were purchased by the big packers, the bulk going to eastern packers. : New York and Chicago felt trie pinch of the falling off in supplies. Morris H. Conn, counsel for the National Meat Industry couniil, predicted an acule shortage fof lof LW5 n*'< meat and bankruptcy of "about\75 percent of Ihc slaughtering houses" in the New York metropolitan area. Supplies dwindled in New York's restaurant chains and food stores. But there were scores of other big cities hit by the growing shortage. Dealers in Philadelphia and Detroit, however, had not felt the full effect of the scarcity, although many Michigan cities reported limited supplies. In Philadelphia, dealers cslimalcd their relail cuslom- ers were gelling aboul 50 per cent o£ Ihe normal supply. Kansas Cily said Ihe meat siua- lipn was "a litlle lighler," as the big packers were killing beef at the' rate of 400 a week as compared lo a normal 125 to 140 an hour. '. A dwindling of meat supplies, with millions of persons going without meat, were reported in Minneapolis and St. Paul, Milwaukee, DCS Moines, la., Omaha, Columbus, O., Springfield, O., Salt Lake City, Albuquerque, N. M., New Orleans, Atlanta, Washington, D. C., Buffalo, N. Y., Newark, N. J., Memphis and Knoxvillc, Tenn., Phoenix and Tucson, Ariz., Portland, Me., Denver, and in North Carolina cities. (AW=-Mecms Associated Pross INEA1—Means Newspaper Erlterprli* As«'n. PRICE 5c COPY Patrol Cars Quell Riots in Butte By JAMES F. LOWERY Butte, Mont., April 10 — (/P) — Patrol cars loaded with special deputies roved Ihc slreels o'f the nation's copper mining capital today and authorities believed they had brought under control the prowling mobs which have damaged homes and terrorized residents in an outbreak of labor violence. Sheriff Al McLcod, acting under the authorization of the Silver Bow county commission, mobilized 100 special depulies lo uatrol Ihc slreels and prevent further disorders by mobs which have wrecked 14 homes since Saturday "to show Ihcir sympathy for striking miners." "I believe we've got them under control now," McLcod said. However, new threats of violence were received in annonyrn- ous telephone calls to the homes of non-strikers warning them to "gel oul or else," McLcod said. Several families and Iheir possessions were removed by police from Ihe threatened homes last night for "security reasons." Homos wrecked thus i'ar have belonged to mine foremen and clerks who did not participate in Ihe slrike called lasl Tuesday ag-aist the Anaconda Cooper Mining Co. By the CIO mine, mill and smeller workers union. The wrecked homes were shambles of broken furniture and ransacked belongings. Union officials urged members lo refrain from vandalism and provided seven cars manned by 28 volunteers to help patrol cars and 25 special depulies patrol the city. The cars maintained a nightlong patrol last night, breaking up groups of potential rioters and giving them no opportunity for further vandalism, authorities said. The largest mob dispersed consisted of about 200 men and boys. Red Cross Total Now Is $8,501 Previously reported $8,383.01 Benton Huddleslon 8.00 Temple Cotlon Oil Co. -and Employees 25.00 Employees Graydon-Anlhony Lbr. Company 84.50 Total 117.50 $8,501.11 The name Gualumala means land of the trees. Band Mothers to Compile Show Catalog The Band Molhcrs, assisled by Band Fathers, have conlracled with Ihc officers of the Third District Livestock Association lo compile Ihc calalog for Ihe year's Live- slock Show. The show, with ils rodeo and carnival, has been sel for September 30 thru October 5, but il is planned lo have Ihe cala- log ready for distribution early in June to allow ample time for the preparation of the entrees, Under present arrangements every ad in the catlog Will benefit two local organization, the Livestock Association and the Hope Band, with the Band's current plans for new uniforms, this contract will afford considerable revenue toward defraying the expenses of this worthwhile project. Band boosters arc expected to start on this catalog immediately and the following committee has been appointed by Mrs. Foy Hammons, President, to work out details. Chairmen: Mrs. L. D. Springer, Mrs. Leon Bundy, Mrs. C. W. McConnel, Mrs. Edwin Stewart, Mrs. George Newbern, Mrs. J. S. Gibson, Jr., Mrs. F. C. Crow. 2 Are Killed in Auto Collision South of Rogers Rogers, April 16 — (/P) — Ray Wyalt, 45, operator of a garage in Rogers and Carl D. Ridlde, 25, of Fayeteville, died in a hospital here early today of injuries suffered last night when their automobiles collided on highway 71 Iwo miles soulh of Rogers. Wyal's wife, wnq was riding with him, suffered critical injuries and Archie Balcom, a passenger in .Riddle's car, was reported in serious conailion at Ihe veterans hospital at Fayetleville, where he was taken. A nine year old son of the Wyatls, Bobby Ray, one of three children, was asleep in his father's car at Ihc lime of Ihe accidenl and escape unhurt FULBRIGHT INVITED Nashville, Tenn., April 16—(UP) —Young Democrats of Tennessee today announced they have invited James William Fulbright, Senator from Arkansas lo speak to Ihe eighth biennial convention of the club here May 12-14. Boiled eggs are improved by the addition of celery sail and paprika. War Hero Jailed for Torture of Girl in Boston Hotel; Woman Judge Hears the Case Boston, April 1G —(UP)—Handsome Thomas Farrcll, 24-year-old army Lieutenant and a war hero, was held in jail loday afler a young stcnorgapher blushingly bared her bosom in court to show how he burned her wilh cigarels. "This is Ihc most atrocious and heinous crime I've ever seen," Judge Jennie L. Ban-on said as she ordered the Lieutenant held in $10,000 bail for a further hearing April 23. The girl, Helen Slavron, 18, also accused Farrcll of burning her on the hips and Ihighs during a holel rendezvous here. Farrcll was charged with assault and battery wilh a cigarcl and razor, and an unnatural acl. He made no .statement, but indicated through his attorney, that he would tell his side of the story al Ihe future hearing. Farrcll, a six-fooler and holder of the Distinguished Flying Cross and a presidential citalion Jor flying 34 missions againsl the Japan- use, was iu the court room when Judge Ban-on called Miss Stavron to the bench. Miss Stavron nervously unbuttoned her blouse. Her back was to the spectators. "Ive run into all kinds of cases in my service on the bench, but never anything like this," the Judge declared. A physician told Judge Barren thai the girl's injuries were permanent. State attorneys said the attacks occurred during a two-day rendezvous—March 16 and 17. referring lo Far- record, Judge Bar- Aparenlly roll's service ron said: "They dare in the air, then they dare anywhere. This is certainly a case Cor a psychiatrist .Ordinarily I would be lenient in the mat- tor of bail in recognition of his war record, but this is too atrocious a crime." Farrcll, police said, is the falher of a two year old child. He has been slalioned Field since January al Weslpver and testified he was separated from his wife. Spain Says She Fears Red Invasion London, April 1C — (IP) — The Madrid radio expressed fea>' that Russia was planning to invade Spain as the Franco government awaited replies today from five "friendly" nations invited to send technicians to investigale charges lhat Spain is a threat to world peace. ' These charges, together with an assertion thai Spain was harboring German scienlisls, wire made by Oscar Lange, the Polish delegate to the United Nations Security Council. The council, meeting in New York loday, is scheduled to take up the Spanish question as soon as it disposes of Ihe Russian- Iranian dispule. The Spanish foreign ministry announced lasl night lhal il had ex- lended Ihe formal invitations to five council members which main- lain "friendly relations" with the Franco government. The countries are the United Stales, Britain, Egypt, the Netherlands and Brazil. The invitations, extended informally lasl week by Ihe Spanish cabinet, were delivered personally to Ihe British ambassador, the Netherlands minister and the charges d'affaires of the 'other three countries. The Madrid radio, which is controlled by me Franco regime, said there was a secret agreement between France and Russia which might lead lo a Soviet march through France and inlo Spain. The cxislence of any such agreement was promptly denied in Paris by a source close lo Ihe French foreign office. The broadcast said that "all indications" were that the Spanish republican government in exile, which has headquarters in Paris, was "preparing military intervention by means of frontier incidents' in the Pyrenees. "Once such an incident i has taken place," the Madrid radio continued. "Russian troops could come lo Ihe assislance of Iheir allies by marching through France from the German and Austrian zones of occupation." The source close to the French foreign office said the broadcasl was "just what you would expecl to come" from Franco's radio. o Torrential Rain Blankets All Arkansas By United Press Spring rains ranging up to 4 1-2 inches thai blanketed Arkansas in Ihe past 24 hours were expecled today to have little effect on the slate's main rivers. While temperatures rose and ruin fell, the Arkansas, Ouachita, White and Black rivers slayod in their banks, and the U. S. Weather Bureau in Little Rock predicted lhat no flood stages would be reached anywhere in the state. The weatherman added thai Wednesday would bring fair and cooler we-allier, bul mosl of Arkansas will have scatiered showers and clouds Ihe resl of loday. Morrilton residents steped out of a pro-Easier drenching today afler a 4.52-inch rainfall. Conway also hud a super-saturation of 4 inches, while August reported 3.05 inches and Newport stayed in the- upper bracket with 3 inche.--. Sugar Lout mountain recorded 2.55. Fort Smith 2.06. Batcsvillo 1.24. Benton 1.21, and Gilbert 1.15. Harrison and Texarkana reported Temperatures were generally in the mid-seventies, ranging from a high of 80 at Dardanellc to 67 at Balesville and Gilbert. Minimum temperature in the state last nighl was the 48 Degrees at Gilbert. New York's Central Park was laid oul in 1911. Storm Rakes Hope, Causing Much Damage A violent storm with high winds and torrential rain swept the Hope area Monday night, inlerrupting railroad traffic overnight and causing wide-spread damage here and in the county. Missouri Pa'cific main-line trains were tied up from 9:30 o'clock Monday night until 3:30 o'clock this morning (Tuesday) when trees were knocked over on the right- of-way near Boughton, Nevada county. The train on the Nashville branch had lo be routed through the Southwestern Proving Ground property because of trees across the branch-line tracks. Monday was the anniversary of the deadly tornado which killed about 30 persons in Hempstead county April 15, 1921—but last night's storm caused much less damage, although E. S. Greening said his insurance agency alone had received 50 claims for damage spread all the way from' Columbus to Blevins. Among the claims of homes barns damaged were: At Columbus—The Tom McCor- kie home, Jim Watson's home, Mrs. J. H. Sipes' barn, M. D. Mitchell's barn, Claude Waddle's sawmill, and Orrie Byers' barn. At Blevins—J. A. Woods' barn. At McCaskill—A tenant house and barn at the Bert Scott farm, and a barn owned by John Lively. In Hope a big tree was uprooted and fell across South Main street, blocking State Highway 29 route overnight. Other trees fell on South Elm street, and Edgewood street, Marshall Back to China Seeking End of Factional War -® New Strike Hits Farm Implements By United Press A new walkout hit the farm equi ment industry today, and the Broil erhood of threatened to strike land railroad. E Railway Trainmen the Rock Is- Twelve hundred members of the CIO Farm Equipment and Metal Workers Union struck the Allis- Chalmers plant at Springfield, 111., brought the num- a't midnight. The walkout on the blocked east side of town, by fallen trees. Uptown, a window was blown out of McRae Hardware store, and a sign was blown down from Byers drugstore. ber of strike-idle American workers to 051,000. J. A. Coleman, chairman of the general grievance commjttee of Ihe Brolherhood of Railway Trainmen, said 2,500 workers have voled to strike the Rock Island railroad at 6 p. m. Wednesday. The strike may be delayed for at least 30 days, however, by the appointment of a presidential fact-finding board. Other labor developments: 1. The execulivc board of the CIO United Auto Workers Union was in Chicago for a meeting which may determine to what ex- lenl the board will back the policies of the union's new president, Walter Reuther. 2. Secretary of Labor Lewis B. ^chwellenbach admited lhal lillle Telephone lines were "out" to the I Progress had been made toward Fruit & Truck Branch Experiment Station and the official rainfall total could not be obtained, although it was exceedingly heavy, with slreets awash through the night. South Angrily Proceeds With Protest Meet By JAMES Washinglon, F. DONOVAN April 16 —(UP)Rebellious House Democrats rejected pleas of party leaders today and refused to put off their scheduled protest meeting against ladies of the Democratic National committee. Rep. Lyle H. Boren, D., Okla., leader of the revolt, told reporters thai a majority of the angry Democrats would any delay in the fight party against scheduled for tomorrow night. caucus Chairman D., Va., of gressional Patrick H. rewry, the Democratic Con- campaign committee and other parly leaders had sug- gesled postponing the gripe session until after Easter, apparently m hopes that tempers would cool in the interim. Boren and 49 other Democrats, mostly Southerners, demanded the meeting to press for a showdown on their complaints against the national commilee and Chairman Robert E. Hannegan. They were aroused by recent parly puo- which Ihey considered on Iheir records in con- lications as slurs gress. Boren, it was learned, will ask the caucus to approve a >v,rmal resolution directing the national committee to confine its activilies lo Ihe proper field. It will say that: 1. The committee's paramount duty is to elect Democrats to office—not to try to knock off congressmen it doesn't like. 2. Any employe or official of the commillee who urges the defeat of any incumbent democrat or the election of any member of another party should be discharged. Worst Mine Blast in History Told Four Years Later Tokyo, April 16— (Pi>)— The world's worst mining disaster—an underground explosion which snuffed out 1,549 Chinese and Koreans lives in the Honkciko colliery in Manchuria —was reported for the first time today by Allied Headquarters—al- mosl four years afler it happened. The accidenl occurred April 26, 1942, under Japanese occupation. It was kept secret by the military from even the Japanese government for a month. The explosion was sel off by a short circuit which ignited melhane gas. Thai exploded an accumulation of coal dusl in tunnels for a distance of more than Iwo kilometers (about 1 1-4 miles), said Kirk V. Cammack. mining engineer with the Natural Resources Division of Allied Headquarters. Mosl of Ihc deulhs were caused by carbon monoxide poisoning. Several hundred were needless; a mine official refused to turn on oreaking a deadlock between the United Mine Workers Union (AFL) and the strikebound soft coal industry. 3. Deputies patrolled the slreels of Bulle, Mont, where mobs wrecked 14 homes "to show sympathy" for striking CIO copper miners. 4. Clean-up week got underway in Indianapolis, bul employes of the city's street cleaning department were on strike for higher wages. 5. Maintenance of way employes of the United Railroad Workers Union (CIO) signed a contract with the Alchison, ;Topeka--and Santa Fe railroad, providing a 16-cent hourly wage increase retroaclive to Jan. 1. The Allis-Chalmers employes voted to strike after negotiations over a 15-day continualion of the present contract broke down. Among other demands, the union seeks an 18 1-2 cent hourly pay increase. Although flTe international harvester slrike recently was setlled, 6,500 CIO workers slill are on slrike against farm equipment plants of the J. I, Case Co. in three midwestern cities. Coleman said the Rock Island trainmen had voted "overwhelmingly" in favor of a strike because of "a number of grievances" against the railroad. The UAW executive board sessions last night were limiled to committee meetings and factional caucuses. R. J. Thomas, whom Reulhc-r succeeded as president, was outspoken in his determination to make a come-back atlempt ior union leadership. Press recognizing Manchurian By The Associated General Marshall, he urgency of the lighting, tomorrow will fly direct from Tokyo to Peiping, the Sino- American truce headquarters, to again throw his powerful influence into peace negotiations. Marshall, President Truman's special envoy to China, cancelled an important conference with Chinese Premier T. V. Soong in Shanghai to go direct to the truce headquarters city. There he will meet the impotent Sinp-American committee of three which — with subslilule's for all Ihree original members — has not had authprily to carry out its assigned mission of affecting a truce between battling Chinese government and Communist forces. -He effected both military and political ©- Iruces last January, but was. put into effect and neither shortly after he went to Washington for conferences, the situation worsened. Marshall's Peiping was decision to made after fly to the No. 2 Chinese Communist leader, Gen. Chou En-Lai, called the fighting in Manchuria full scale civil war. Both Marshall and Chou were original members of the committee of three along with Minister of War Chen Cheng, who- is ill. Marshall conferred with MacArthur in Tokyo today. Associated Press Correspondent Spencer Davis radioed from Mukden thai the situation in embattled Changchun, the Manchurian capital, was so tense that a neutral plane probably would be sent there lo remove five American correspondents — one a women. The official Chinese Cenlral News Agency, in a Chungchun dispatch, reported belatedly today that Communist troops had entered the capital city yesterday after on? night of continuous attacks. There were no details. The Communists were reported to have 30,000 to 40,000 troops around Changchun; the government only 4,000. Associated Press Correspondent The V-ncckline is the most flattering one for the short or plump necked person. Hair should be in an upswept style. Tom Masterson, one of the five American '.correspondents in the Manchurian capital, yesterday said the Communists had been attacking 10 hour$ when his dispatch was filed. The assault began two hours before the scheduled departure from Changchun of= the last'Rus- sian occupation troops.- 47 -- •••< . ." Formal entry of the government's new First Army into Sze- pingkai,. important railroad junction 90 miles southeast of Changchun, was announced in Mukden by the northeast China command. Communists.had held up the First Army's advance south of Szeping- kai more than 10 days as the government troops, American-trained and equipped, tried to reach Changchun before the Soviet withdrawal. 8,500 Troops Due to Disembark on Both Coasts Today By The Associated Press Three vessels, carrying 1,875 service personnel, are scheduled to arrive today at New York while G,627 more troops are due lo debark from six transports at two west coast_ points. Parboil vegetables before puling them inlo Ihe oven wilh a roasl to prevent a hard crust from forming as they continue cooking in an uncovered roasting pan. The American Army Came and Saw Naples, and Some Part Stayed Behind When It Left ing Ihe fire, Cammack said. The only comparable mine By HAL BOYLE Naples, April iu — (K>) — The' American Army has all bul pulled oul of Ihe Naples area ,bul it has lefl an imprint on Neapolitan life that will linger long. No army can be quartered for 30 months among foreign people without leaving behind some trace of its passing. You slill see signs of Yanks everywhere. Hardly a single street gamin but boasts some ragged piece of American military uniform and many children are completely garbed in some Geoeyes castoff shirt and pants. You can also tell girls who went with officers. They boast smart suits made from gabardine pink dress trousers. Throughout this long occupation Uncle Sam's men in kahki were probably the biggest single source of clothing for the poverty stricken Italians. Some sergeant can probably come back 10 years from now and find one of his giveaway wool sweaters still doing duty on Ihe curbsione portion of Naple's population. Clothing is a more common bequest lhan real estate and may go through several generalions. When we came inlo Naples — far away and long ago il already ©- yentilating fans for fear of spead- seems — each American was a disaster was ai Pas de Calais, France, in 190G, when 1,100 French minors were killed, Cammack added. The Honkciko colliery, located in pro- the Pen Hsi-Hu coal " field, .... duced 900.000 tons of coal in 1941. The Iwo rules of spice care 1o prolong the flavor and aroma value arc: keep tighlly covered and re- ne as often as needful. The minute that the nose lest shows they have lost Iheir strength they should be replaced with fresh spices. .signal for hysterical crowds to gather. And hardly one out of len soldiers could speak a word of Ilal- ian. It's all changed now. American soldiers long ago became common- "caramelli" have ceased, lace and even children's cries of American troops have been here so long Ihey are accepled as part. ihem if of the now population. Many of can rattle off Italian Ihey had been born on Ihe peninsula. llaly has become so much a second home lo Ihem lhat a good number are staying behind seeking bus- iness collections hereto an alien charm they conquer. -prisoner came to One of the oddest sights to those who remember vividly the bitter enmity engendered by war is to see American and Italian soldiers riding around in trucks driven by German prisoners of war. mosl of Ihe driving of American Ex-Nazi prisoners of war now do vehicles in this zone, lo the noisy dissatisfaction of Italian civilian drivers who were thereby thrown oul of work. Bul il saves money for Ihe American taxpayer and most military mans more men think the Ger- dependable. These onetime stormbirds of Europe cer- lainly cuddle up in captivity. Most know they are better off as prisoners of war lhan if Ihey were returned to Germany. They are treated well but keep Iheir place and I haven't seen any t palsy-walsy relations between i them and American troops. They get alonu together but they haven't chummed up. German prisoners slill largely despise Ihe Kalians. One prisoner who worked in an American military dump was aproached by an Italian ganester who promised him a goodsized bribe to park a jeep where it could be readily slolen. The German agreed, lold Ihe llalian Ihe jeep would be parked al the edge of a certain fence on a certain night so his men could climb over and drive il away. He then went to the American authorities and reported what he had done. They baited the trap with a jeep according to his plan and when the Italians dropped over the fence all were nabbed. Their capture resulted in the breakup of one of the biggest Naules black market rings. . House Bill on Draft Won't Pass Senate By JOHN L. CUTTER Washington, April 16 —• (UP) — Senale leaders today rejected as - s totally unacceptable the House-approved draft extension bill which- exempts teen-agers and suspends all other inductions until Oct. 15. When the Senate takes up draft extension, probably next week, it will work on its own version which: is far more acceptable to administration leaders. Members of the Senate Military Affairs Committee generally' agreed that the whole thing would have to be thrashed out eventually in a Senate-House conference.-Before that time comes, how-' ever, they face the job of putting the committee-approved measure through the full Senate in the face of politically-significant election, year opposition. There are vast differences between the Senate committee's measure and the bill approved yesterday by the House. The House bill would extend the draft law from its present May 15 deadline to Feb. 15, 1947. But it would raise the draft age from 18 to 20, prohibit any inductions frbrri May 15 to Oct. 15, ban the drafting of any father regardless of age and set a limit of 18 months service for any draftee. In order to spur voluntary enlistments, the House also passed a companion measure providing pay increases for all members of the armed forces. The boosts, ranging from 50 per cent for buck private to 10 per cent for officers above five lieutenant, would cost an'esti- mated $632,000,000. The Senate , committee's bill would extend the draft law for one year, to May 15, 1947. It includes' the 18-month service limit and.'ban on father draft. Instead of a draft " .".holiday" it merely says . there shall be no inductions which Woul'd ' raise total strength of the armed", forces above present 'announced goals for the next 18 months. The Senate committee's bill also seeks id spur enlistments by raising service pay of all enlisted personnel. The ban on teen-age inductions drew the most vigorous argument's against the House-approved bill. Draft advocates said -it rendered the extension practically useless. They said that all the eligible men 20 or older already have been taken arid the only source of new manpower is among the 18-year- oias. s One administralion spokesman said Ihe House aclion amounted more lo passage of a "demobilization act" than a draft extension. Meanwhile, Rep. Francis Case, R., S. D., came up with a new solution for the manpower problem. He introduced legislalion to create a 'U. S. foreign legion of 500,000 aliens to take over the "police job" of American occupation troops in Germany and Japan. Members would be recruited from the "homeless and hungry" overseas to serve for at least five years wherever assigned by the U. S. Army. They would be paid at regular army rates and be eligible to apply for naturalization as American citizens upon completing their tour of duly. War Control Returned to Some Foods By WILLIAM A. KINNEY Washinglon, April 16 — (/P)—- The government mapped a new attack on the snarled food situalion today involving butter, bread, meat —and blackmarkets. Wartime controls were • ordered slapped back in an effort to spur butler production and Stabilization Director Chester Bowles foresaw a "real improvement within the next 60 days" on this front. The Scnale Agricullure Committee called for more details on factors dislocating meat distribution, while OPA and the Agriculture Department moved to restore other wartime controls on slaughtering with the aim of spreading available supplies more evenly. A .potential bread problem had members' of the Senate small business commitee seeking ways of meeting famine relief quotas for overseas wiihout impairing the nation's flour supplies. Baking industry sookesmen told Ihe commi1t.ee yesterday lhat if these supplies lall 25 percent below last year government break rationing or black markets in Ihe food are probable. The move for butter production was bracketed with OPA action to keep consumers bills at their present levels for milk, butter, cheese and other dairy products. A program of larger subsidies for dairy farmers was announced yesterday lo compensate for higher feed and labor costs. On butter, Ihe OPA aimed at overcoming a silualion which had made it more profitable to use butterfat for ice cream and olher products than for butter. Accordingly, the wartime ban will be restored on the sale of whipping cream and restrictions will be placed on the amount of buter fat in ice cream, Continued on Page Two

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