Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on April 12, 1946 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Friday, April 12, 1946
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flp;ll^:f 8 t^ fege JlgM. Russia's U. S. Envoy Assigned to Watch Council Exclusively By SANDOR S. KLEIN S>- . . * , New _ York, April .11 —(UP^— ; appointed Novikov ambassador r jf- 1 s c i' cilon i". relieving An- j oletiipotenliary and extraordinary .lance the Soviet ataches ..the work of the U.N. to| Stales in conneclion with his jpointrnent as permanent roprc- .-« t to the United Slates by Nikolai V. Novikov, >13. who was minister-counselor under Gromyko in Washington. Announcement of the change .. _-. —^—. ilt , ^, v4 1iiciiiuiu ruurc- sentative of the Soviet Union on the security council of the United Nations. Gromyko had been appointed pcrmanen^ representative on Jan. ^s the princi- Gromyko first came to the United States as second man to the veteran Maxim Litvinov, whom he replaced as ambassador on Aug. 22, 1943, he was virtually an unkonwn then, but his stature as a hard-hitting diplomat for Kussia soon developed. Novikov, also one of Russia's youngest diplomats.- served as charge ^d'affaires at the Washington embassy since Apr.ll-.ffl3, 1945. He also is'tihe.S.pvial'a-.'4-epresenl- ativc on (he -Sa&'castcrn commission which acts in an advisory representative council. on the security "Moreover. -it was regarded as recdgniticn of his unwavering Stand on the Iranian dispute — a Suancl which was climaxed by his Historic .walk from the co'uncil meetings. He .returned Tuesday. > ino Moscow announcement, as picked up in London, said: "The presidium of the supreme council- of the Soviet Union has •»..» LIX.VO ni Ull It _ _ c \ a . p u city t to Gcn ' Douglas ""Ma"c- • - " ~" -—•--*-«•*-*- »,i utui X i tin- Arthur. Ho \vus borti in TioninpmH 5! SC , c !:.,. f ! nd _ Jhas . s t'?.»t..little time Feb. 7, 11)03 and is well-educated , . vttj uf-'t-iiL HLL.lt; as ambassador in Washington The new status for Gromvko seemed to be another sure-fire proof ot Russia's intentions to consider the U.N. as the instrument to maintain peace On March 22. Generalissimo Josef Stalin said he attached 'great importance to the United Nations organization as it is a serious instrument for the preservation of peace and international KROGIR'S SPRING it & HOUSECLEANING ^V WORK-SAVING SUPPLIES AT | -y MONEY-SAVING PRICES.. SuyNowl in economics and politics. In 1943, ho served briefly as ambassador to Greece and Yugoslavia. On Oct. 15. 1943. he was appointed Soviel minister lo Egypi He is married and has two sons.' o— Refugee of Torture Camp Weds Yank STA R< HOPE, ARKANSAS Th l S CurloilS WoHd B V William Ferguson COPS. 1946 BY NEA SERVICE. IMC T. M. REO. U. S. PAT. OFF. — . .. Thursday, AprlMl, 1946 Gl's Belgian 'Mom 7 Visits Kansas City City, Kas., April \0 • tcta , Dillons, who was to hundreds of American ' "•'"!• Halioncd I" Hassclt? BeT- h'oTM tts P maUC " now By ANN STRINGER Nuernberg, April 10 — (UP) — Courageous Isabella Siara, who ? UI ?u Vcd r c 'S ht months of tortur m the Nazi "extermination camp ?v! , Oswieclm > "J"st can't believe that she is now married to a hand some young American lieutenan " Mv/z: fifo& s 'A PLANT STEM THAT TWINES FROA\> LEFT TO RI6HT \S SAID TO BE Here, il is a nice, nice feeling," h,o\ t - Xpu 'T l wne » sl "-' slopped IK e yesterday wilh Mrs. Jcanclle Ih.irp on her way lo Ft. Leaven- J-uncs "A" 01 ?'. lhoy , wl » ™«° 38 • ton Kas who''will °' Hoisi "V for his discharge 10 '~ ImmigffiT g%V^!!o'le h oS mtrocRiction asking lhal she be iii-MioH "n« you wol ,i cl u . cnl '/ WHAT WORD IS USED KS PLANTS THAT , TWINE FROM RteHTTO LEFT J . ON TWO RECORDED OCCASIONS HAS BEEN HEARD A DISTANCE OF .S/X7YMU..ES. ANSWER: Sinistrorsc A 0 ', 1 ' J1ohn Scbnsllnn. Lit- 1 J k " insci ' lcd an r.r! in a P:1P ° 1 ' nnd MlM'Nu- Spcaks Xou:- - Uln , become a governess "Mile home of an Ada, Oklu. cou* The chain of events which led " IVal '" this «-'°untry bc- 5 SEW BROOMS NU WAY BLEACH 89c Her husband, Lt. Lloyd Lidci Esparto, Calif., was supposed t sail for home today, but his com manding officer fixed things s that he could stay for two more wcks and arrange 'the papers fo attractlvc Polish-American COFFEE Country Club 1 Ib. Jar 32c KITCHEN KLENZER ^ 6c AEROWAX Easy to Use — Floors Sparkle RENUZIT 17C At the altar yesterday, Isabella's h!°H UqU t C i, t ° f White lilios didn '» q«'te hide the numbers "24473" which the Nazis tallocd on her forearm French Dry Gal. Cleaner — Value Jug. SPOTLIGHT FRESH COFFEE 3 Vet 59c Clock Bread Kroger's Value I J C • JOHNSON WAX pt. jar 49c Liquid or Paste SKIDOO TO 02. pkg 8c Fine Woodwork Cleaner CRACKERS . . . Ib. box 20c Redi-Ripe-Full of Juice Motor OIL 10 qt. can $1.99 Pen Rad 100% Pennsylvania . Her war story began with Hitler s invasion of Poland — and it mony yesterda >' in a wettding cere- Isabella's home in Warsr.-.v was i aided in November, 1942 Her wealthy Polish stepfather and her to t£ Ca p'r 0 f n m S ther wcrc a "«ve m the Polish underground — but weekend 8Way f ''° m homc for tho Gosta P° agents took Isa- nn i ' ^ uncle, and two , an aunt, male cousins to ot Ttot Strawberries pi33c -v_ . i...,-, •„....„. s Pick of the crop. Louisiana grown. Fresh, red-ripe, good all through. FRESH PEARS . . . Ib. 18c Sunshine Honev Graham POTATOES 10 Ib. bog 29c U. S. No. 1 Rod Triumph APPLES.-. . Ib. 15c . Winosays and Rod Delicious LEMONS i.'. ..... Ib. 12c __Large Size Sunkist—Value Liquor Tax Is as Yet Unaffected By BOB BROWN Litllo Rock, April 10 — (UP) — Ihe trend toward banning the sale of hquor in Arkansas has not affected the income of the stale so n.h a A nd r , R °, vcnl -ie Commissioner y.nq A. Look sees no immediate decline in the record collections ot his department. Collections of liquor tax through March are nearly $1.000,000 ahead 01 last year's collections at the same time. And collections in March — amounting to $154.799 — 1 °' 000 hlghcr than . 1 said they could stay at mv house," Miss Nulcns said "They got. the lour beds and moved in they cols. They had hot baths. 1 quit my work. They asked if Jinn 01 !' r h ° {"' St day ' «»d no. I cannot fix American dishes. But they asked me next clay "Mom " Invest In Hope's Greatest Asset.... Boys and Girls By Attending The KIWANIS MINSTREL Thursday (Tonight) and Friday, April 11-12 BEAUTIFUL STAGE SETTING GOOD CLEAN JOKES TAP DANCING STRING MUSIC SINGING or Night. Hope High School Auditorium 8;30 o'clock Cook- says thai as the liquor PP'y > s limited at this time, the vholesale dealers simply transfer any unsold stocks from a county hat goes dry to a wet county ind the state collects taxes just r?l- SamC -A A , Ccordin S to his/- roc- rdh, 21 Arkansas counties are vet at '° and 2 ° arc partly However the commissioner does oe a decline in income from quor taxes in the closing months f this year when Ihe federal gov- rnment's 30 per cent ban will be'" to , ^e rclt. The government as asked liquor manufacturers to urtail supplies 30 per cent in hipmem SaV ° Sraln f ° r overseas Bul, Cook says, he believes the ncrease during the first part of he year will offset any later loss nd he expects to end 1946 wilh record liquor lax colleclion. And speaking of the revenue ommissioner, he is in his office his week for the first time since the races started at Hot Springs Cook, three auditors, a chemist and a veterinarian spent the entire 11 ^VV Hot s P nn Ss where they collected the state's take from he beting and examined all the horses. The vet ran 241 saliva tests during the meet at a stale-set fee the Warsaw prison. They were held in Warsaw for three months Then came Osweicim, Ihe Nazi "horror" camp where Isabella's grandmother and aunt died at Osweicim in less than two weeks, bul she lived \vh~ d S sp>tc l ° ru "'e and bealings. When she caught typhus, her mother bought her freedom. The Nazis promised to send her lo Warsaw out she was forced lo work in Ger- a , n fa 5 torie s until the liberation She came to Nuernberg as a dancer with army special services and there followed a reunion with lor mother and stepfather. Isabella met Lt. Lidcr at the International Military Tribunal Press camp, where her mother was working as a secretary. ."Lloyd saw me the first lime I visited my mother," she said "But I didn't see him. The next time I M ame ' m :f mothe '' introduced us ^°JY> aT1Tth .° u ? n£ , I can't believe it, m the United Stales — and all Ihe we are married and soon I will be past years will be behind me " Isabella will find an uncle and two aunts in the United States. Two of her mother's sisters are Mrs. Harold A. Mercer, Bridgeport Conn., and Mrs. Roy Cox New York City. Her mother's brother Francis Michalak, lives in Atlanta', of $4.12 for each test. ."We found no tampering with any of the horses," Cook said. C. G. (Crip) Hall, secretary of stale, is proud of the stalehbuse lawn this Spring, and he has a right to be. II is beautiful -:id in good shape, thanks to the efforts of four men and a foreman working with four power lawnmowers. And Crip hasn't forgotten plans tor landscaping the lower portion ot the grounds which anticipate the conslruclion of an artificial lake on the low spot 7 .to! the present Health Department building. (Not that much work was needed last week during the heavy rains.) Hall says he and Governor Laney have talked over Ihc project and may ask the legislature to pick up their plans for the lake next session where they left off because of the war. Nathan Gordon, Morrllton Congressional Medal of Honor winner and a member of the Arkansas Workmen's Compensation Commission, cannot be considered oul of the running as a candidate for Lieutenanl Governor. He told United Press Ihis week that he's still considering the race but hasn't fully made up his mind. Inere are now three candidates in the race — Sen. Roy Miluni of Harrison. Leonard Barnes of Hamburg and Jake Wilson of El Dorado. Nathan says he once thought of running for Congress but decided that he "wouldn't live in Washington at any price." Thoughts Yet ye have forsaken me, and served other gods; wherefore I will deJiver you no more.—Judges 10:13. Man is more than Constilulions- boiler rot beneath the sod than to be true to Church and Stale while we are doubly false to God. — Lowell. • o — Training of homing pigeon-, starts when they are about four weeks old. iu « hJid to do. For five years we had to cook without food. So I had to iked H 0 T! 10k , Wl i h f °° d nnd W liked it. They helped me." The eight room house became -i barracks and chow house and Miss Nulens entertained about 350 boys at various times :?or iive months. lharp was a guest most of that wTv n ' ld s;iid U«>t the hostess al- thnm.h •? roomt . for one more although it sometimes meant .she had to spend the night in a chair. Gamelin Tried to Get France to Attack Nuernberg, April 10 — (UP)— A document introduced at the war shnTV?^ t0d ^ y P^Portcd to shou that Gen. Gustavo Gamelin wanted to launch a blitz a gains" Germany through Belgium on he Iand° " ay th ° NaXis invaded Po- Gamelin, Allied commander in the west ,n the first phase of the w.ii was represented as having ih°m,? n h e pf , U - 1at :l sud:icn "tack thiough Belgium was the only way in which Poland could be given elfectivc and rapid support. J he document was described as from the files of the French gencr- S Fvf' Cap . tur "' by th ' Germans in I'lancc in 1940. It contained Gamelm's detailed plans for the push Bgnlnst Germany from the west. Again on Nov. 10, 103D, when the was wos two and a half months old, Gmnolin was described as insisting on a major Allied attack because "it is of vital importance to march Into Belgium." Another document introduced today depicted Joachim Von Ribbcn- trop, Nazi foreign minister as striving to enlist Russia in the Axis, only to be blocked by Adolf Hitler. Jt was an affidavit by Rib- bentrop's wife. Hitler was [.'escribed as originally receptive to the idea of an alliance with Russia. But as the possibility of war with Russia developed and Rlbbcntrop redoubled his efforts, the affidavit said, Hitler forbade him to go any further with his overtures to the Soviets. » "My husband told me Hitler finally forbade him altogether to on- gafic in any more conversations with Russia," Mrs. Ribbentrop said. The documents were -Introduced after Col. Gen. Adolf Westhof. former commander of war prisoner camps in Germany, testified that Marshal Wilhclm Keilel 'told him that men who escaped and were recaptured must be shot to discourage further breaks. A platitude is a familiar saying that is entirely surrounded by people who exclaim, "You can say that again." Oil seeping from the ground was used by the Indians as salve ana medicine. Price Ceiling on Old Houses Is Beaten in Senate Washington, April 10 —(UP)— Ihc Senate today denied housing Expediter Wilson W. Wyatt nowcr to put price ceilings on cxisti%i homes and building lots. » Voting 41 to 33, the Senate adopted an amendment ottered by hen. Chapman Revcrcomb, I!., W Va., to strike provision for the ceilings from the pending emergency veterans housing bill . It was a defeat for the administration, which contends they arc needed to stop inflationary spiral- ling of prices on homes and lots. • o— Modern first aid practice has been traced back to the "Order £M the Hospital of St. John of Jcrif salem," founded nearly 900 years ago in England to give aid to nil- grims on the way to the Holy Land. , Husbands! Wives! Wanl new Pep and Vim? Thnnsantlfl of rouplr.s nnt \vcnk, worn-mil, PI* Imitated solely tuTiuiHti body Inokx Iron. For DOM vim, vitality, try Oairrx Tonic Tnbtotn. Cotilnlll Iron yon. tun. iniiy nivtl fur pep; ntso fluppUdr vltnniln U|. Iiow cost! Introductory elta cf»ii/36c,t At all tlrug stores everywhere—in Hope, at Cox and Gibson D»*ugs. Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ; Alex. H. Washburn- Truant Officer Needed <n Hope If the evidence around a newspaper office Is dependable the so/ i called compulsory-school-attcnd- •' ance law of Arkansas is nol being enforced in Hope, j Since Ihc first of the year we , have run across two boys, in the "i . newspaper's handling ot independent carrier routes, who by tneir , • own testimony had nol been < j school during the year 1945-40 or NOTICE We are pleased to announce that we have installed our New Electric Meat Box and will carry a complete line of • QUALITY MEATS ,. v • STAPLE GROCERIES ; ; •«;,•*.. • COLD DRINKS .'•'•• - ?? ^'( * Anderson's Grocery & Florists 5th & Hervcy Sts. Phone 299 . I own testimony had not been in < / school during th u i had dropped out. Bolh were 14. i" no was a brand f new applicant, and was of course » rejected. The other was the case i of a carrier already delivering papers who, we were informed, had ' Jj dropped oul of school. The newspaper helped Ihe boy out financially, got him reinstated in school. But he dropped out again—and the route was promtply UiKcn away from him. Your correspondent has been in the newspaper business for nearly i 25 years, and never in all thai time have we hired in the shop or permitted to carry papers on the inde- ' pendent delivery routes any boy of school age who was nol actually in school. Furthermore, they were required to maintain a pass- I ) ing grade. Every business house ,* owes as much to Ihe cause of pub< lie cducalion—in a kind where Ihe 1 people- musl be able to read and write if they expect to be able to govern themselves. But the two inslanccs above ... , GOOD FOOD IS ESSENTIAl Id / T O GOOD HEALTH CHOPS -^p / We Specialize in ... • Choice Steak; • Chicken • Veal Cutlets • Fancy Salads GOOD COFFEE AND SOFT DRINKS AT ALL TIMES DIAMOND CAFE HERMAN SMITH, Owner Phone 822 > noted arc disturbing because Hope t has no truant officer and appar- 1 ently no other enforcement machinery for rounding up school do' linquents. I presume the same is true all } over the county. 1 This is making a joke of compulsory public education —and is one explanation why we had nearly 2 million men of draft age in World War II who were illitcralc. I doubt whether the Hope 47TH YEAR: VOL, 47—NO. 153 Star WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Fair this afternoon, tonight, and Saturday; warmer Saturday and in northwest portion tonight. «U Stor of HOD*. 1899: Press. 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, APRIL 12, 1946 Spain Denies Nazi Plotters Work There By RALPH FORTE Madrid, April 12—(UP)—Official Spanish circles challenged Polish Ambassador Oscar Lange today to prove his UN charges, which they called absurd, that German scientists are working in Spain on new forms of warfare. An authoritative source said that Spain will refuse to recognize the legality of any measures that UN may take against the Franco re- [imc. Spain cannot be fairly con- Icmncd by the UN Security Con- cll, the source said, without being present to defend herself. The Polish charges and a subsequent State Department statement suggesting that there were facilities in Spain where German scientists could work on atomic energy and radar were ridiculed roundly by Spanish officials. The authoritative spokesman re taliatcd with the statement that il was "tragically ironic" that Poland, which he claimed was occupied by a foreign power, should level charges against Spain. Langc was challenged to cite concrete examples of German scientific work in Spain, and the places were it had occurred. Mayor joaquin Zuazagoilia of Bilbao was asked to comment on the State Department statement that a plant in his city had adequate facilities for atomic research. There is not a single factory or laboratory in the Bilbao area either experimenting with or produc- World's Deepest Oil Well Brought in at 13,700 Feet -in the Evangeline Country By BRYAN PUTMAN Weeks Island, La., April 12 —' (UP)— The world's deepest pro ducing oil well was gushing black gold today from 13,700 feet in the earth's bowels. The well was brought in amid Ihe picturesque Evangeline country yesterday by the Shell Oil Company after 191 days of actual drill- Ing. On a production test, the well turned out at a rale of 530 barrels a day. However, it, will be permilcd to produce only 380 barrels a day under the Louisiana system of pro- rationing. The site ot this record-shattering well is owned by Dr. Charles M. Smith, of New Orleans, and the 83-year-old doctor was on hand yesterday lo bring 'er in. Assisted by State Conservation Commissioner Joseph McHugh, he gave a hearty tug on Ihc top cock wrench which opened the valve on the drilling rig's "Christmas tree." And Ihe opening of that valve did Ihc trick. The black gold poured forth through an 11.64 inch choke with a tubing pressure of 2,750 pounds. Although exactly 191 days of ac- tual drilling were needed to bring in the well, the project was 284 days under way and cost $400,000: There were troubles. Fifteen days were lost in moving back to re- condilion file fuel supply unit No., 1, 43 days were lost in fishing"; oul a stuck drill stem and 23 days were losl drilling around unrecoverable remnants left at the bottom of the hole. 'The well was sunk with a ma rine drilling rig, brought to the location by a dredged canal of eight feet depth. Total drilling depth was 14,301 feet. However, it was plugged back from the lower dcplh lo the new producing level when engineers failed to find sand they had expected. Another o i 1 industry record claimed by the new rig was that of running and cementing a 13,340 foot string of seven-inch well casings in 11 hours and 45 minutes. As the new world's champicfh flowed today amid the marshes and bayous, the old chamn hovered nearby. It was the Smith- Stale unit No. 1, brought in during April, 1945. II held the depth record until yesterday. ( A ,PI—Meons Associated Press INEAl—Means Newsoaoer Enterprise Ass'n. PRICE 5c COPY bilitv for WH™ Cr tVn ,nf C8p rri ' ing radar or alomlc onergy much bihty foi hning « truant officer less under the supervision, direction or assistance of German scientists and professors," the mayor said. The mayor denied that any "dangerous" Germans were liv- MAKE THE COMPARISON ONE WEEK SERVICE Unless material has to be ordered BY EXPERTS The most delicate movement can be repaired by us for precise timekeeping, STEWART'S JEWELRY STORE Your Reliable Jeweler You'll learn a lot about coffee in the "comparison test." For all coffees aren't alike. There is none like Admiration, you'll learn on the first sip! «y L-= ega a C O M Consider the difference—the wonderful, taste-tempting freshness, the delightful, lingering aroma, the rich, full-bodied flavor. One whiff will tell you here's a superb blend! C O MEALS TASTE BETTER V/HEN YOU SERVE BLUE RIBBON BREAD CITY BAKERY Choose Admiration —ah, lady, bring on the finest cup in America! Comparison with any coffee any. where under any circumstances shows what a truly great blend Admiration isl i: n o o _>»> Adm rests, or should rest, on the shoulders of the dislricl school board. Being an ex-school director myself, 1 know school directors serve without pay—and are subject to all kinds of unpleasant pressure, not the least of which would be the ironing out of problems raised by a too-active truanl officer, But this is a job lhal has lo be done. Why not do it on a state-wide basis? The Stale of Arkansas ought lo set up a syslem of truant ofticcrs, with perhaps one lo an average counly, and pul lecth inlo Ihc compulsory school-attendance law. That stale is burning daylight, indeed, which permits boys of paper-carrier age to decide for themselves whether or nol they are going to attend school. * + * By JAMES THRASHER One Year After Roosevelt One your after his death, Franklin D. Roosevelt remains one of the most commanding and controversial figures of the twentieth century. The immediate impact of his personality and ideas is gone, and with it much of the bilter partisan animosity it engendered. Already his goafs and accomplishments are beginning to be seen in a saner perspective. But that docs not mean that temperate ap- '", praisals have replaced adulation '*" and abuse. Franklin D. Roosevelt still dominates and divides the Democratic Party, and probably will as long as the party remains in power. His aims are officially the aims of his successor, and it seems safe to say that Mr, Truman has found this commitmenl a source bolh of strength and of embarrassment. The minds and tempcramenls of Roosevell and Truman arc vaslly different Thus the President, while , -, subscribing to the Roosevell phil- •.> osophy, cannot pul it into action with the Roosevelt technique. Mr. Truman, in his way, is as strongly individualistic as his predecessor was. Because of this, he finds himself accused of leftism by some of his conservative fellow Dcmo- crals, and accused by one outspoken labor leader of being "weak and spineless." . How different this last eventful 1 year's history might have been wilh Mr. Roosevelt in the While House cannot, be calculaled. Some I domestic crises were inevitable, ' others might have been avoided, and still others might have been created by popular feeling for or against the President himself. Mr. Roosevelt, who was capable of quickly changing tactics as well as long-range planning, certainly would have shown an outward reaction to these crises quite dilferenl from Mr, Truman's handling of the same situations. Bui* whether th'e final story would have been greatly altered is not so cer- . tain. „'• A more insistent source of speculation is Mr. Roosevelt's possible influence on international affairs and the beginnings of Ihe Uniled Nalions. It is clear today thai his international prestige is undiminsh- Conunued on Page Two o Temperature Drops Close to Freezing in North Counties •! j Little Rock, April 12 —(/I')— Ar kansas had a taste of "blackberry winter" last night, with temperatures dropping almost to the iree?,- ing point in northern portions oi the stale, but no damage to crops was reported. Lowest mercury readings were reported at Fayetlevillc and Rogers, which had minimums of 34 degrees. About a dozen other stations reported lows in the higher 30's. Forecast for tonight and tomor- ,, row by the U. S. Weather Bureau V here was fair and warmer. ing in Bilbao or the Biscay area. Bilbao city officials said lhal two of the three big plants in the area which had been using German -ttents for many years was closed. The third, they said, was producing synthetic phenol alcohol and was not experimenting in either radar or atomic energy. Spain suggested lhat United Nations diplomats and foreign newsmen investigate the country from one end to the other. Officials said thai slcady progress was being made in rcpalrialing obnoxious Germans whose names appeared on a list presented lo the Spanish governmenl by Ihe Allied Control commission. Officials said they would not allow Germans still -free in Spain to act freely, as.'the'Franco regime does not "tolerate any foreign interference of whatever national- II was understood thai General Francisco Franco and his cabinet decided nol to send a formal reply to the charges. Political quarters asserted that France closed her frontier with Spain as result of pressure from the Communists "obviously acting under orders from Moscow" and Spanish refugee leaders in Paris. President Swings to the Left By JACK BELL Associated Press Political Reporter Washington, April 12 —(/P)—President Truman piloted Democratic political policy steadfastly left of center today as he began his second year in the White house. With a statement thai he stands solidly behind federal legislation to abolish state poll taxes and to establish a permanent fair employment practice commission, the president emphasized he is nol veering from the broad ob- jeclives laid down by his predecessor. Al Ihe same lime Mr. Truman scotched any thought of some southern elements of the parly lhat he might be asking politica peace wilh them. There were indications, too, thai the chief executive would fortify this position by reiterating his desire for passage of what he hab classed as progressive legislation when he speaks later in the day al Ihe Hyde Park grave of Franklin D. Roosevell. Conlinued on Page Two No Solution Near in Two Wage Disputes By United ""Press Another of the nation's major strikes moved closer to settlement oday as new labor troubles ap- )cared to be brewing for the rail- •oads. At Chicago, the harvester council of the United Farm Equipment ind Metal Workers Union (CIO) approved a strike sctllemenl plan •cached by union and company of ficials at 'Washington earlier Ihis week. The new conlracl proposal provides for a wage increase of 1 cents an hour and for a rctroaclivc ncrease of 10 per cenl to last Ocl. 8 The settlement proposal now goes lo Ihc union's locals for approval. About 30,000 harvester .vorkers have been on strike for !2 days, lying up produclion of 'arm machinery. Meanwhile, new efforts failed to reopen negolialions i n Ihe coal slrike. After meeting separately with United Mine Workers .President .Jphu ,L. Lewis and ,thg..coa.) operators, Secretary of-Labor Lewis B. Schwollenbach said he saw no lope of gelling them to resume aargaining this week. The coal strike has accounted [or more than one-half of the 653,000 American workers idled by strikes and shuldowns. A spokesman for 1,200,000 mem- ocrs of non-operating railroad Brotherhoods said the unions are preparing to serve new demands tor a 14-cent hourly wage increase. Other labor developments: 1. Bendix Aviation Corp. signed onp-year contract with the CIO United Auto Workers providing io-1-.s cenl nourly wage increases for 9,000 workers, 2. Walter Reulher, new presi- dcnl of Ihe UAW, denied rumors of a rift between himself and CIO President Philip Murray with a statement that "somebody is trying to make a mountain out of a molehill." Although admiting that coal ne- golialions were slalled temporarily, Schwcllehbach said that the operators were willing to resume bargaining and that Lewis "did not stale lhat he was unwilling." Schwollenbach said he hoped to get Ihem back inlo joinl conference early nexl week. Operating ' brotherhods, representing 3U,uOO other railroad workers also were formulating new demands expected to call for a $1.22 daily pay boost and rules changes. The unions reportedly were dissatisfied with the 16 cents an hour and $1.28 a day wage increase awarded bv a railroad arbitration board last week. VETS BURY JEEPS Little Rock, April 12 -OP)— Veterans purchased 04 jeeps at the government sale of surplus vehicles at Camp Robinson yesterday, the War Assets Administration reported. Average price was $516 each. Warm Springs 'Little White House' Observes Anniversary of Death of F. D. Roosevelt A, C. Anderson in Race for Legislature Arthur C. Anderson today announced he would be a candidate for re-election to Representative Post No. 1 of Hcmpstcad counly subject lo Ihc action of Ihe Demo- cralic primaries Ihis Summer. His statement follows: "I am asking for the privilege of serving Ihe people of Hempstead county in Ihe Fifty-sixth General Assembly of the Stale Legislalure of the Slale of Arkansas as their Representative, Post No. 1, for a second term. There will be legislation in this postwar period of vital importance, to be discussed and acted upon, and I believe I am betler qualified lo represent you at this time as I now understand the rules and regulations of the General Assembly and that I can give you betler results as 'i have had two years of experience. "In soliciting your votes to be' one of your next Representatives, I will be at each roll call with a sober mind fighting for the bills that will benefit the people or Hempstead County and the State of Arkansas at large, and working •against the r bills that will be.-"'det- mcnlal to our welfare. "ARTHUR C. ANDERSON" o Clubbed by Sergeant, Says Private London, April 12 — (/P) — Pfc. Claris B. Smith testified at a Unil- ed Stales army court martial today lhal Slaff Sgl .James M. Jones of Muskogee, Okla., struck him with a wooden club at the Lichfield detention camp in January, 1945. Testifying al Jones' trial on charges of maltreating GI prisoners iii the Lichfield stockade, Smith said he and other prisoners were ordered to march around the courtyard and that: "I was either tripped or slipped on wet gravel and fell. Jones made a vulgar remark lo me and struck me with the club while I was on my hands' and knees on Ihc ground." Five other men summoned to testify against Jones, a former Lichfield guard who is charged with 10 counts of assaull on Lichfield prisoners, refused to be witnesses yesterday, saying they feared "persecution." All five are serving sentences in the London area guardhouse. Col. Buhl Moore, president, abruptly closed Ihe court, interrupting cross examination of Smith. Moore's action was prolesl ed by Lt. Morris C. McGeo, defense counsel, who accused of cx- hibiling bias by interrupting at a "crucial moment in the defense cross examination." MrGee objected to Moore's continuing as head of the court, but his challenge was not sustained. The colonel explained he had interrupted the proceeding to discuss wilh his colleagues the aclions of an unnamed spectator, which lie said .bordered on contempt .He did not amplify his assertion. W. T. Gorham, Freeze Order on Building Is Relaxed By HELENE MONBERG Washington, April 12 — (UP) — The government relaxed its re slriclivc emergency housing order loday lo permit many groups of nonvclcrans to construct new homes or other essential building. The Civilian Production Admin istralion and Ihe National Housing Agency said priorities assistance now would be granted to service men, veterans' widows, farmers and other special groups. In addition, any home owner may make repairs or alleralions which are absolulely necessary or will provide additional living space, al- inough prioties aid will not be given in such cases. This means they can do the work but must scrape up materials wherever they can. Builders completing nonveterans housing slarled before March 2f also will be allowed lo go ahead provided Ihc sale price is undei $15,000 or Ihe renlal under $120 a monlh. CPA officials said the step was taken to get such homes "oul of the way fast." The action was taken following complaints that the housing order was too narrow to cover many de serving cases. Originally only vef erans or persons building veterans housing were eligible for priorities assislance. Fulure homes buill under the program must sell for not more than $10,000 or rent for nol more lhan $80 a monlh. Meanwhile, the House was ex peeled to take early aclion on the Senate version of the controvers Palman housing bill. II eilher cai vote on the bill immediately 01 send il lo a conference commi lee lo work out a compromise mea sure. The major difference in the two bills is $600,000,000 in materials sub sidles which the Senate approve! but the House rejected. Republican, led the House fighl againsl sub sidles bul Iheir opposition appeared to be diminishing somewhat. Rep. Fred L. Crawford, Mich, ranking Republican member of the House Banking Commitlee, said he believed Ihe House would accep Ihc Senate version "by a slign margin." Rep. Ralph A. Gamble R.N.Y., predicted, however, lha .the Senate figure may be cut frorr 600,000,000 to $300,000,000. o- The State Police Say: A little horse-sense added to the horse-power helps hold accidents down. YOU must furnish , the horse-sense to avoid having * an accident Warm Springs, Fa., April 1 — (UP)— The Lillle White House lay shrouded .. .in silence. The words, firm and clear, came from Ihc pine-shaded lillle chapel where Mr. Rosevelt wor- shipocd when he slipped away from the presidency to his "second home" in Georgia. "I have fought a good fight, I have finished my course, I have kept the faith." The Rev. Fred Kyle, rector of St. Marks' Episcopal church, La Grange, used these words of St. Paul from II Timothy, as the Warm Springs healing institution founded by the late president, and scene of his death, observed the firsl anniversary of its saddesl High governmenl officials, mili- lary men, and representatives of foreign nations paid Mr. Roosevell tribute in Washington and Hyde Park , but here were gathered the "litlle people" he knew and loved. Nearly 100 of them, staff members, wheel chair patients and sufferers on crutches, crowded the | little hall which was decorated with Mr. Roosevelt's favorite wild flowers. They fought earnestly to hold back the tears, but as they joined r in singing hymns most loved by j "the boss", "Failh of Our Fath-' ers." and "Eternal Father, Strong to Save." "Our nation will remember him, Ihe Rev. Mr. Kyle said, "as a man who came into office to find me nation slaggcring. . .and who look Ihc nation by the hand 'and led it back along the tortuous Founder of Store, Dies Truman Reaffirms FDR Policies Both at Home and Abroad Truman Uses . Hard Words; Navy Angry Washington, April 12 — (/I 5 ) —In shocked and angry silence the ^Javy Department held aloof today 'rom wide speculation that top- Derlh resignalions might follow President Truman's biting blast at admirals and others opposing his armed forces merger program. Immediate conjecture centered on whether Secretary of the Navy Forrestal might decide to quit now instead of waiting until summer, and whether Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, chief of naval operations, would request retirement. Both have vigorously fought the merger. There was no question that Mr. Truman had the gloves off when he pointedly notified the navy where he stood. He used the words propaganda and lobbying in speaking of continued opposition, and said the public was interesled in facls instead. The president told his news conference yesterday thai, while individual naval officers are entitled to voice their honesl opinions, he expecled bolh Navy and War De- partmenls to sup_port the unification policy when he, as commander-in-chief, once established it. Mr. Truman's sharp words took the Nayy Deparlment complelely by surprise. Bui lighls burned long into the evening last night in the "lopside" offices of the navy headquarters building. Forrestal, who had been ill at his home for several days, had no immediate comment. The same went for the uniformed high command. Up until yesterday, all recent reports represented Forrestal as intending to remain in office until about July 1, the beginning of the new governmental fiscal year. By coincidence, a bill Mr. Truman sifjned within the last few weeks makes it possible for Nimitz Wr."retire from, sepvice at full 'pay, upon his own-choosing and "at his own time. The provision is contained in a new law covering the retirement of fleet admirals and generals of the army. The presidential views on merger opposition came when he was asked about the far-reaching unification bill recommended by a Senate military subcommittee after months of preparation. Mr. Truman said he had read the bill, thai il had a lol of good poinls bul he was not passing upon .legislation until Congress had acted upon it. Reporters inquired whether the Red Cross Goal Is in Sight Local Red Cross Fund Head quarters expressed the hope todaj -hal contributions over the week end would put the county ove the top in the 1946 drive. Th amount still lacking is almos $300. It may be necessary to call on some persons for additional small contributions, but it is hoped thai .his can be avoided. It can be easily, if any persons who did fldt contribute so far will do so now. navy would be allowed to continue The Red Cross still has a big job .0 do for • the service men overseas and in hospilals. Nol a day goes by here in Hempslead counly lhal the local offices does not help some service man or his family. Previously reported F. V. Haynie J. W. Jones W. L. Tate ... T. G. Anderson Jack Brown R. L. Clingan Miss Erma Smith Mrs. Gus Smith ... Mr. & Mrs. Matt Propps Mr. & Mrs. Cox ... Mr. & Mrs. Ernest Knight Geo.. R. Wolff T. M. Goodwin Mr. & itTrs. Jim Martindale Mr. & Mrs. Earl Martindale 2.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 2.00 1.00 .25 1.00 .20 1.00 3.00 .25 1.00 2.00 1 00 Rufus. Wolff " " . .. 1.00 Mr. & Mrs. Geo. Wolff 1.00 Mrs. Albert Haynes 1.80 Mrs. Lelia Page 1.00 C. M. Hipp 1.00 Mrs. Hoy Chandler 8,313.79 Lo fight unification. Mr. Truman replied it was not justified in making a fight after he announced his decision in favor of unification. Then he let into admirals and others who still oppose the plan. New Volume of Supreme Court Comes Off Press Little Rock, April 12 —(/P)—Volume 208 of the Arkansas reports, covering opinions of the stale Su preme Court from Jan. 1, 1945, through July, 1945, is off the press and ready for distribution, Secretary of Stale C. G. Hall announced loday. One copy goes to each county clerk and to justices of the Supreme Court gralis. All olhei copies musl be purchased for $4.Of plus 13 cenls poslage, Hall said Mrs. Joe Daugherly 1.12 1.00 Mrs. Hopie Ross 25 Mrs. F. Holt 25 Mrs. Earl Holt Mrs. Ned Jones 1.00 Mrs.' Edgar Ray 1.00 Mr. & Mrs. Lee Wright Mrs; Glen Crowcll Mrs. Arthur McLarty Mr. & Mrs. J. F. Haynes Paul Haynes Chesler L. Haynes Mr. & Mrs. E. W. Haynes 2.00 1.00 .50 3.00 1.00 1.00 2.00 S. W. Lane 1.00 -® By ERNEST B. VACCARO O- Hyde Park, N. Y., April 12—(#•)— ] President Truman vowed today to carry on Franklin D. Roosevelt's fight against "tyranny" abroad and for the "progressive and humane principles of the New Deal." Standing "in reverence" at ceremonies dedicating "this hallowed spot" as a national shrine on the first anniversary of Mr. Roose veil's death, President Truman said: "May Almighty God, who has watched over this republic as it grew from weakness to strength, give us the wisdom to carry on in me way of Franklin D. Roosevelt." It was Mr. Truman's first trip to Hyde Park since he journeyed here a year ago for the burial of his predecessor. "The loss which America suf- 'ered through the death of Frankin D. Roosevelt cannot be softened by the spoken word," the president said. "Tributes can only emphasize our loss. But those of us who have survivel in the seat of overnment can pay homage to his memory by our deeds." Mr .Roosevelt's foreign policy, le said, "recognized the solemn duty of Ihis counlry toward nations which have been weakened in the death struggle against tyranny." For these principles of international cooperation, Mr. Truman declared, "we are determined to fight with all our strength. Mr. Roosevelt's domestic policy, e continued, was "a recognition of the basic truth that this government exists not for the benefit of a privileged few but for the welfare of all the people." Mr, Truman linked up.his own domestic program wilh the New Deal legislalion for which he said- Mr. Roosevell fought, asserting: "Those same principles apply to egislation assuring full production and full employment, legislation for a health program, a social security program, an educational program, a program to provide emergency housing for veterans and to solve the long-range problem of decent homes for all Americans These and olher progressive measures stem from the principles for which President Rosevelt. fought, for which we, who are carrying on after him, how fight, and for which we shall continue to fight." Simply stated, Mr. Truman said, the nation's task "is t9 carry forward the underlying "principles and .policies,,'fb'reigiV.,ahd domes tic of his predecessor. "Changes may be required here and there to meet changing conditions," he. added. "Fundamentally the objectives are the same," Mr. Truman declared that plain people all over the world join with leaders and stalesmen in recognizing that it was largely be cause of Mr. Roosevelt "that civilization has survived," and added lhal "only history can do him full justice." "He recognized, above all," Mr. Truman continued, "that our hope for the future of civilization, for Ihe future of life itself, lay in the success of the United Nalions. He nol only recognized these truths. He determined to do something about them. And he did. "His foreign policy called for fair, sympathetic and firrri dealing with the other members of the family of nations. At the same time it recognized our obligation to the starving and homeless ol other lands." The new deal, Mr. Truman said, became the realization of "the great hope" which "in an hour of extreme crisis" Mr. Roosevell gave to the American people. Its principles, he said, "have today become an accepted part of our way of life." "When an employe joins a union, when an investor buys a share of stock, when a man buys a house or a farm on credit, when he puts the money in Ihe bank 01 grows and sells his crops, or gels Continued on Page Two Dogs Appear in Italian Black Market, and Hal Boyle Is Stuck With St. Bernard Pup William "Thomas Gorham, 68, founder of the present R. L. Gosnell's Men's store, was stricken at his homc on North Elm streel about 11:30 o'clock lasl nighl and died at midnight in Julia Chester hospital. Mr. Gorham is survived by several neiccs and nephews. The funeral service will be held al 10:30 o'clock Saturday morning at Hcrndon -Cornelius FuncrgJ road to prosperity and normalcy. Home, Ihe officiating elergymali "II will remember him as a | being Rev. R. B. Moore, pastor of great humanitarian who had a • First Methodist church. Burial will great love for the common people, who sought lo give security to Ihc weak, Ihe underprivileged and Ihc "Like St. Paul, Mr. Roosevelt was handicapped by a thorn in his flesh, but like Staunch St. . _ . ._ , Paul, he never lust the faith that j ncrship as Gorhum & Gosncl!, was his. . . I and in recent years Mr. Gorham "Here was a man with a thorn retired, in the flesh which would have floored a lesser man, who led a be at Nashville, where Ihe Nashville Methodist minister will assist in the service. Mr. Gorham opened the local store in 1920 under the firm name of Henderson & Gorham. Later Mr. Council was admitted to par!.- Conlinued on Page Two An estimated 28,000 persons were killed in truffic accidenls in 1945. V. O. Lane 1.00 Hicks Haynes 1.00 H. L. While l.O'O Edward McLarty 1.00 Mrs. Snow Rooks 50 Jess Holt (col) 1.00 Beulah Scoggins (col) 1.00 Larty Scoggin (col) .... 1.00 Cortez Scoggins (col) 1.00 J. T. Moore & \vife .... 5.00 Fred Scotl 3.00 Ed Mayers & wife... 2.00 A. R. McKinley 2.00 North Hazel Barber Shop 1.50 Dr. J. A. Bias 1.00 Carl Mulliu 1.00 Clayton Fricrson 1.00 Lula Ward 50 Will Roberts 1.00 Josie Friersou 1.00 B. Davis 1.00 Velma Frierson 50 John Burton 1.00 Total contributions 4/11/46 69.82 Total $8,383.61 Three-quarters of Ihu 'world's area is ocean. By HAL BOYLE Naples, April 12 — (ff 1 ) — Luigi is probablv Ihe world's only peddler of black market Saint Bernard dogs named Saint Bernard. Luigi is a pint-sized Naples moppet with tousled black jiuir and a lace where age-old Neopolitan cunning outshines any faint tinge boyish honesty that might ever have been there. He wears patches on his pants and the patches are patched, too. His oversized, flapping shoes have been ventilated by corrosion and are lied together by ropes. 1 was waiting for a bus outside the Naples postofiice when Luigi caught me. I had turned down three slrcel urchin junior salesmen in the previous five minutes. One wanted to sell a $10 wrist watch for $50. Another was peddling genuine cut- glass diamond rings. The third tried 19 interest mo in some vague educational project thai included his sisler. Then Luigi came up and plumped a lat, squirming puppy inlo my hands. 'How mucha you pay, Joe'.'" 'i don'l want any dog now." 'He's a gooda dog," said Luigi, "1 est in da black market." 'Where did you gel him?" 'Whutsa diff, Joe. You gimme 20 dollars 1 needa buy sonic new shoes. You keep da dog, I keep da shoes." "What kinda dog is he?" "He's a San Bernard dog. You gimme 15 dollars." House Opens Debate on Draff Bill By JAMES E. ROPER Washington, April 12 — (UP)— An election-conscious House today plunged into debate on the politically-licklish issue of , extending the draft. House leaders hoped for a final vote tomorrow on a bill to continue the selective service act lor another nine months, until Feb. 15, 1947. In beginning debate, the •• -Hfause seized the initiative from- th'e'-'Sen- ate, where the military affairs committee yesterday reeiorh- mended a full year's draft exten-, sion. Senate Democratic' • Leader Alben W. Barkley, Ky.,r$aid the Senate would not take up the bill until it disposes of the British loan, scheduled for consideration, next week. This left the House to make .the first decision on a matter that'is not popular with the voters. And senators will not feel obliged {o '•MP for anything stronger than the House accepts. The state, war anil navy departments have requested a one-year extension as he only means of , guaranteeing hat the United States will keep ts international commitments. Both House and Senate hoped o link their draft extension, bill with healthy military pay in- ( creases that would attract so (II many volunteers that large-scale drafting would be unnecessary. The House bill would prohibit the ' army from drafting any more men than needed for a maximum, force of 1,070,000 on July 1, 1947. ally that draftees must not be The Senate bill provides addition- used to make an army larger than 1,500,000 on this July 1. The Senate military affairs committee, with 'rare impartiality, approved 'a whole series of different pay;~raise .-bills* • The House ' com-- mitee 1 confined its blessings- • to one which would grant graduated oo'osts ranging from 50 per cent '' for .buck privates to 10 ' pet cent \ for the highest officers. j The War Department, however, j tried to put the evil eye on such j schemes. A department spokes- f man reminded reporters that the army and navy had requested a flat 20 per cent pay increase, and that this still was considered the only "fair and equitable solution." j One of the pay bills approved 1 by the Senate committee would ( give every serviceman overseas a $50 per month bost; another j would give graduated increases for j all enlisted men, but none for of- i ficers; still another was for the j across-the-boards 20 per cent re- > quested by the army. ' The Senate committee sought to j sugar-coat the draft bill further j by: (1) prohibiting conscription of • fathers, and requiring the release of already-drafted fathers by Sept, 1; and (1) drafting youths for only ( an 18-month "hitch" and requiring , that draflees who already have ' completed 18 months of service be t released by Oct. 1. ' These provisions seemed assured of general senate support 'A colpr-i ful battle, however, was predicted i for the draft extension itself. Long- I time draft foes plan to take the issue to Ihe floor. '• ' The delicate political nature;. of j the situalion was indicated When j Chairman Elberl D. Thomas,. D., Utah, of the Senate committee-refused to reveal who supported--or • opposed the bill during committee debate behind closed doors. He would not reveal even the total committee vote, explaining only j that the one-year extension was < favored by about a 3-to-l major!- i ly. Roosevelt Died Year Ago Today By HAROLD OLIVER Washington, April 12 — (IP}- "What's his name, Luigi?" "Hisa name? His name is Sai Bernard. All San Bernard dogs name San Bernard. Thisa Sine dog You gela sluck in da snow, he come pulla you oul and give you drinka whiskey. He's a good dog. |Shortly a'fter 2 p.'m. a year ago How mucha you pay, Joe?" today, Franklin D. Roosevelt By this time I was desperately I raised a hand to the back of his shifting the wriggling puppy back and forth in uneasy hands. A crowd was beginning to gather. "Look, Luigi, lake this dog and mail him home to the Alps or something. I don't want him." "Everybody wantsa dog, Joe. He'sa gooda dog. He likesa you already. He wagsa da tail. He don'ta eat much. He don't sleepa much. He stay up all night to watch you and bilea da bad people for you. You needa San Bernard dog, Joe." The puppy began to feel a little heavier. 1 think he had grown some during the argument and I had visions of standing there helplessly holding him until he became as big as a Shetland pony. Luigi saw 1 was willing and began lo put on the pressure. "How mucha you pay, Joe? It's a late now and 1 gotla go homc. You give a me len dollars." Just then a young soldier stepped up and palled Ihe puppy. Frantically, I sluffed him inlo the soldier's hands and Luigi swung immediately lo this fresh target. "Hesa San Bernard dog, Joe. How mucha you pay?" I escaped at a fast doglrol. lead and grimaced: "I have a terrific headache." They were the last words spoken :>y the fourth term ^resident. He died Uyo and a half hours laler in a simply-furnished bedroom of his montain cottage at Warm Springs, Ga. As one of throe reporters in Warm Springs when death suddenly overlook the 31st president, I was stunned, by ils unexpectedness, like almost everyone else. We were aware that Mr. Roosevelt was nol a well man — that he was given to much sleeping, that he was nol gaining weight as his doctors wanted him io do while resting in his "second home" in the south. But when we were summoned from a barbecue, to which the president had been invited but never atlended, and heard the tragic news from Ihe lips of Secretary William D. Hassell, il was one of the greatest shocks of our lives. The doctors said they were shocked, too. Death came at 4:35 p. m., Washington lime. We were called from our picnic shortly before (5, Continued on Page Two

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