Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on April 11, 1946 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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iv.-J-vtL.,»., \ rt-, pv Ig. , M H, »^.s,4^*a«iS^S5!3?"»^^^«««^^S«?w»^«!'?^^^^sSS!f Ll Fago Six HOPE STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS ! U. S. Takes Strong Stand on Europe By GRAHAM HOVEY " Washington, April 9 — t.W— The , United States threw its diplomatic , weight today behind a double-bar- relled drive to speed peace lor much of Europe and harmony for the Americas. This, in brief, is the situation: Europe — Barring unexpected developments, Secretary of State Byrnes will meet in Paris April 25 With Foreign Ministers Molotov of ;Russia, Bevin of Britain and Bidault of France in a critical session which may determine when 'the projected, 2t-nation European peace conference can begin. At stake in turn are final treaties 'which will permit full restoration of sovereignty to the European countries once allied with Nazi Germany — Italy, Bulgaria. Romania, Hungary and Finland. Americas — This country, in effect, is extending the olive branch to Col. Juan D. Peron, Argentina's "strong man" and president-elect. The gesture is a bid to end two years of intermittent bickering and restore hemisphere solidarity, .backed up by a Pan American defense treaty. Byrnes disclosed these new developments at a news conference late yesterday. He announced that Molotov and Bevin had accepted his suggestion that big four foreign ministers meet in Paris some two weeks hence in an effort to break the ^present deadlock over drafts of proposed peace treaties. Bidault is •expected to follow suit.-., ' Then Byrnes issued a statement -which said the United States would "welcome" Argentina's participation in the Pan American defense treaty if the Peron .government would fulfill its hemisphere commitments, including its pledge to eliminate "Axis influences." Persons close to Byrnes said he Considers the approaching Paris trip one of the most important missions he has ever undertaken. The cabinet officer has said repeatedly he regards peace treaties with the former Axis satellites and removal of occupation troops as a critically urgent matter. That is why he has opposed postponing the general F.uropean aeace conference, scheduled to start in Paris no laler than May 1. Yesterday, however, he indicated postponement -might be inevitable. He said the foreign ministers would have to set the date for its opening. Russia Asks U.S. to Drop Spy Charge Washington. April 9 —(#•)— Government officials reported today that Russia has "suggested" the United States drop its spy charges against Soviet Lt. Nicolai G. Redin unless it can produce more evidence. Redin, a 29-year-old naval officer, was seized by the FBI at Portland, Ore., March 26 on espionage charges. Washington officials, who asked anonymity, told reporters the Soviet Union had sent its suggestion through ordinary diplomatic channels. It was not a flat request that the case be dropped, they said. Instead, it expressed the opinion that on the basis of current evidence the charge was not justified and asked whether this government expected to proceed with the case. The FBI warrant charged Redin with inducing an unnamed person to give him data on the U. S. S. Yellowstone, a destroyer tender. The arrest came at a time of broad public discussion over atom bomb secrets and a -Canadian investigation into espionage by a former Russian military aide at Ottawa. By Dick Turntr LIGHTEN TOO .DARK J*> —— L-A 5^ e fr«kJes. Loosen"blartchcads. Use at intervals 2Sc SKIH5g.CCt5S.7BI.EACM CR*AMi CAUTION: Use only os directed. CRESCENT DRUG STORE Can Supply You With the Following REMEDIES and supplies for FARM ANIMALS "• 'Capsules for BOTS • Anodyne Colic Mixture (BLOATS) .A . .«, Sulfaguanidien Bolets • ,Vetice|lin • Ouotak Powder • Kemvite Oblets. - •'Calcium Bo ro-Hi bate • Hemorrhagiz-Septicemla Bacterin • Blackleg Bacterin • Mixed Bacterin (Equine) • Hog Cholera Virus • Anti Hog Cholera Serum A Complete Line of SYRINGES Arkansas Sportettes By CARL BELL Fayetlevillc, April 9 —({?)— Noles on a visit to the Arkansas Razorbacks' spring'football camp: Head Coach John BarnhUl is warning sports writers that he'll be "bad copy." Although Barney won't talk himself into a hole for publication, he's far from lacking in newspaper color. It's just that Barney is a silent man and brutally frank when he does speak. He places much emphasis on psychology and believes too much favorable publicity makes collegiate footballers over confident to the extent that they! often lose games for no other reason. With this in mind, Razorback fans may expect no optimism to pour out of Fayetteville. Football Arithmetic Barnhill's theory is that if a player can put out 60 minutes of football in 15 minutes and then retire for the day, he'll be four times as good as he'd be if he had to play a complete game. Therefore Silent John hopes to use each man only a short time and plans to play no 60-minute men. Since all of the assistant football coaches are former navy men, it isn't strange that they refer to Barnhill as "The Admiral." "And so that llie darker bread Avill be less noticeable, we are tonjng dov/n the color scheme of the dining room!" This Curious World By William Ferguson Lrb=^*.i^Tjt3> ^ . \. THERE ARE FIFTY-NINE COUNTIES •«. THAT ARE LA&GEIZ. THAN THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND. > • Oc/cte Rumor A Coach's Player "Tis rumored that Smackover's Clyde Scott, flashy navy halfback and one of the nation's finest ball carriers last season, may be in Razorback toggery next fall. He was headed for Fayetteville when he got his Annapolis appointment, and his brother, Tracy, has announced he'll come here in September. Such also are the plans for another Smackover Smacker— all- state back Bill Bass. .',' Rrep ; ,IV\ei Coaches :.df- ' sas v high scho'ol Vconference' 1 ' 'COT champs .claim, to be unhappy.' . ; • Says "'Fee-Wee'' 'Montgomery* ol Texarkana: "We'll have a team; that's about all. We're losing too heavily through graduation." And Les Nations of Fort Smith: "Ditto. We'll have a fair line, but we sure could use some backs, don't have a starter back." Dlsa and Data Howard "Red" Hickey, former all-around Porker athlete and an end for the pro Cleveland Rams, is helping coach the Arkansas "B" squad ... If he possibly can find a spot for him, Barnill probably will keep former Line Coach Clyde Van Sickle on the U. of A. payroll . . . Track Coach Hobart Hooser moans that the Razorback thin- clads, most of whom are gridmen, WOODCRAFT SERVES HAIR GROWS FROM' THREE-EIGHTHS TO THREE-FOURTHS T -y OP AN INCH *•" •- ' .'IN A MONTH." -,. . \T. M. REO. U. S. PAT. OFF.l S0MEHI6H SCHOOL. TEACHERS^ ARE SHORT,"_%- .MR. AND MRS. M. DE YOUNG, Sentiment Reported Growing \ brf Removal $f UN's Home From New York to -Frisco *fr<ucTnity in Action" Through the sponsorship and support which local Woodmen Camps give to civic activities benefiting their com* munities, the states and the nation, the good iniluence of Fraternalism extends far beyond the Society's membership. <A Civic Service Contest being conducted by the Camps as part of Woodcraft's "Fraternity in Action" program further increases their civic and patriotic services. To aid them in carrying on many worthwhile projects, the Society has established a National Service Fund secured from an Endowment authorized by the recent Sovereign Camp convention in Jacksonville, Fla. This is but one of many benefits of Woodmen fraternalism. The Society also provides safe, sound, legal reserve life insurance protection and its services are enjoyed by more than 365,000 members and their families, Call the local Woodmen representative. Let him give you the facts about Woodmen insurance protection and fraternal benefits. WOODMEN S WORLD Insurance Society OMAHA. NEBRASKA oya ASSETS EXCEED 9152.000,000 * • GUY J, DOWNING,^ **P. ?08 Banner Street Hope, Arkansas By SANDOR S. KLEIN New York, April 9 — (UP ) — Quiet, under-cover sentiment to shift the temporary home of the United Nations to San Francisco or some other city was developing today among delegates to the U. N. Security Council. A high-ranking member of a major power delegation told the United Press that the council appears to be working under a psychological handicap in New \ork — a handicap based on the very exciting nature of the city itself and on the great distance belween Ihe living quarter-offices in Manhattan and the meeting place in the Bronx. "The Security Council," he observed, "is suffering from a sense of insecurity." This official, who atlended the San Francisco meeting that gave birth to the United Nations, belives that the western city offered the solution to the organization's problem. However, the council itself can't do anything about it now. The UN assembly decided in London that the interim site must be in New York City. Nevertheless, the sentiment for a change is present. In September, the assembly will meet here. Then there will be representatives of "51 nations. At present there are only 11 nations in session here and their delegations don't like it. Officals of several delegations doubt that the proposed Sperry factory site at Lake Success, L. L, 22 miles from New York, is the answer to what they want. So far as the present make-shift home for the council in the Bronx JK concerned, they say it's impossible. They hasten to emphasize they have nothing against the Bronx and express appreciation of the courtesies shov/n them, but the Bronx, they contend, is too iar from their delegation offices and lacks all the facilities needed for Ihe smooth operation of a world organization. Even the British, who had opposed the establishment of U. N. at any site oulside Ihe northeastern United Stales, are dissatisfied with the present interim home. The British are in a dilemma, they admit. They don't like it here but they don't know where to go. "What we want, 1 'said a high delegation official, "is a place we can call home — even if it is temporary. We want a place where we won't feel rushed to get from one place to another because of distance.- We want a place wilh facilities that can accommodate the entire organization, concentralcd in one place and wilh immedialo access to the advanlages of a big city." This official said he believed San Francisco answered that description. have a meet just a week after spring fotball ends and won't have time to get into shape for the cinder path. "Hobc" is regarded as one of the greatest high school track mentors of all-lime in Florida . . . Two Hot Springs bovs Fullback Joyce Pipkin tmcl Jiind Alton Baldwin, are thu hardest, working Porkers. The other day "1-ip ' -.us in uiiil'i-rin t.'.t Lv-urj beiore practice began. 3 Proposals on Draft Rejected By JAMES E. ROPER Washinglon, April 9 —(UP)— Congressional committees today rejected three proposals for 'extending the draft beyond the pres- enl expiralion dale, May 15. They had not yet reached a final decision on what to recommend to congress. The Senate Military Affairs committee, by "a vote of 6 lo 4, defeated a proposal to extend Ihe draft for six weeks. The amendment was offered by Sen. Edwin C. Johnson, D., Colo. The commitqe also turned down a plan's for e^lending the Selective Seryjce. .a£l. with a moratorium on iiidwc'fiohs. The House Military Affairs committee voted down, 21 lo i 2, an amendment of Rep. Forest A. Harness, R., Ind. It would ha've extended Ihe Seleclive Service .act for a year but inductions i would have been suspended until cop- gress authorized 'their resumption. The House committee . \httn, took up a similar proposal by 1 ftep. John J. Spark-man'}. D., •Alaj^Jt likewise wopld exteiid the ,dj-afl jfij r a year, bu(>- inductions .wowH ile Wednesday, April 10,1946 suspended automatically -for! On y six mpriyrs.'."»PresidenfiTruiTia : nJ at the ertd .of the six' months. |cou -' order .resumption of induclidni Confederates to Honor Wainwright Snn Antonio, April 9—(/P)—Northern-born and northern-reared General Jonathan M. Wninwright tomorrow morning will become the first Yankee ever accorded an honorary life membership In the Sons ot Confederate Veterans. To carry precedent shattering a step further he will, at the samcr time, become the second resident from north of the Mason-Dlxon line to receive the S.C.V. Distinguished Service Medal, the highest decoration of the order. He will also be presented a 13- star Confederate battle flag, representing the 11 seceding and two border states, by Major Edmund R, Wiles, retired, past commander of the society, at ceremonies in the general's office at Forth Army Headquarters, Fort Sam Houston. The award comes as belated recognition of Gen. Wainwright's services to the South in insisting upon the placing of General Robert E. Lee's picture in the Cavalry School academy, Fort Rilcy, Kas., in 1935 while assistant commandant of the post. o Crime Wave Worse, Says FBI Chief By FRED MULLEN Washington, April 9—(UP)—FBI Director, J. Edgar Hoover warned today that the postwar crime wave is "getting'\vorse" and attributed it to poor parental supervision and a break-down in .school and social •systems. Hoover's warning was released by the House Appropriations committee, which approved a bill giving the FBI all it asked for fiscal 1947—$28,700,000. The committee said Hoover should come back and ask for still more money if the crime wave continues to develop. Attorney General Tom Clark said that the juvenile crime picture was a "black one". He said one of the most depressing 'acts was that sex delinquency among 17-year-old girls increased 3G5 per cent last year. "We nave talked about the danger of a postwar crime wave," Hoover said. "That danger is with us now; we are in the midst of it. . and it is getting worse." Using November, 1945, as an example, he said that, compared with November, 1944, there were cent more automobile thefts, 37 29 per cent more murders, 27 per per cent more robberies, six per cent more larcenies, -and 19 per cent more burglaries. r Most crimes, he said, were being committeed by boys . and pirls under 21, with the highest 'percentage by 17-year-olds. Hoover, telling the committee that this increase was viewed by law enforcement agencies with "great concern", said: "I have always said that much of ental laxity. You cannot have leen- this type of crime is due-to par- age hoodluminism unless there is parental laxity—and it is.ahvays present—in the home from which the hoodlum comes. The outdoor haunts, the dives, the street corner that he hangs out on and the crowd he goes with— all point to the lack of parental discipline." . o Moscow Says UN Breaking Own Charter London, April 9 (/P)— The Soviet government newspaper Izves- tia said today that the United Nations security council, by retaining jurisdiction of the Russian-Iran dispute, "broke the charter of the United Nations organization." Izveslia. quoted by the Moscow radio in a broadcast heard here, reiterated the views expressed yesterday by the communist organ Pravda and declared that a bilateral agreement between Russia and Iran vindicated the Soviet policy and' would "strengthen international .peace and security." Izvestia said that "progressive circles and the press" in Iran had received, news of the agreement "with great . satisfaction." It quoted Iranian newspapers as saying that, the ."agreement carries a hard blow against war mongers and reactionary elemcrjts, since it takes out of'their hands their most important weappn' of propaganda against the Soviet union. Izvestia said the security council had no right to consider the question, because Sovielrlrafiian relations did not "contain one grain of that threat (to international peace) which is mentioned" in- the United Nations charter. The placing of the question before the security council, it said, "was actually in part called forth by a tendency of Iranian reactionaries not allow a definite solution of Soviet-Iranian relations and to reap advantage from artificial aggravation of relations between the Soviet union and other great powers." LIVELY PARADE Gibbon, Nebr., April 10 —(/I 1 ) —Mrs. Milton Beckman was very much alive when she tool* part in Gibbon's anniversary parade depicting the arrival of settlers in the 80's. It was after the parade that she learned that the dress she had worn was a shroud. Jack Gociber- son, an undertaker who was in charge of .passing out the old- fashioned garments for the para- ders, said he had made a mistake. Mother Deserts 3-Weeks-Old Son in Church; Explains Why in Note She Left With Him By J, B. ENGLE Washington, April 9 —(/?)— The story of little Johnnie Doe came to light today. His mother, a daughter of the South, fell in love with a man in the service. Her parents objected to marriage, because of religious differences. She wanted a son of his, "for fear he wouldn't come back." And he didn't. But let the mother tell tho story, as she did in a letter left with thrce-wcek-old Johnnie in a pew ar St. Mary's Catholic church. Tho letter, In an envelope marked "to whom it may. concern," follows: "Deoar people: "I hope that some day I will be forgiven for this act I am doing now. But I will try to explain it to you so you will know why I am doing this. "1 was born nnd raised in a state south ot here and wns brought up as a Catholic. About two years ago I met nnd full in love with a fellow who was then in the service. He was of another religion and my parents would not consent to a marriage. "He was gelling ready to ship out and I wanted something that would hold us together. I wanted a child, a son of his, for fear he would not return. As things came to pass, he did not come back, and here is ins son. "My family will nol help me because I am not married, and 1 have nothing to raise a child on. So I am asking your help. .Please see that this boy is put in a home and taken care of as he should be. And I hope he never, learns how lie started out in life. "He is just a few weeks old, so please take care of him since I can't. I am returning south but not to my family. Remember he was wanted, and not just something that happened because a couple of kids didn't know bettor-. "Some day, if I feel 1 can take the consequences, I will, return here and return to you in person. "I hope you will say a prnyor for my son. I know 1 shnll pray for him every day as long as I live. "Thank you kindly imd God bless you always for you're all being so good. A sad tintl despondent mother. . "P. S. He eats ever y four hours — 10, 2, G, etc." Johnnie will be turned over to the Welfare Department ior placement in n homo, if police can't locnte his mother pretty soon. And if she doesn't come back .for him in a year, he'll bu put up i'or adoption. MARINE AMBUSHED Tientsin, April 0 — (/P)— A U. S. marine was. ambushed and killed Sunday by Chinese assassins, who riddled his b6dy as ho approached a village southwest of thd port of Chinwangtao to help a Chinese boy with n sick horse, Maj. Gen, Keller F. Hockey snid today. The marine, whose name was not announced, had been hunting. Lemon Juice Recipe Checks Rheumatic Pain Quickly I! you miner from rlinimntlc. nrthrltlft of neuritis pain, try thin dlinpln Inoxpoiuilvn linmo rrdiio that tlioiumniln urn luilntf. Get n park- nun of Ilu-l!x c'nmiKiunil, ft tvo-wiwk supply, twlny, Mix It with n quart ot wnter. ndd Uio Julco of •! limmtin. H'n cuisy. No trouhla itt nil nnil plMBant. You wed only 3 tnhlcapoon- tulB two tlmra n <!«>'. Often within 48 hours — Boim'llmcH ovrrulght— «|>lomlld rraultn aro obtained. If Iliu tmltm do not quickly loaVo nnd If you do nut forl tii-tlcr, return tho empty, pnckniio nnd Itu-lix will cost you nnth- Ini! to try n» U la Bold by your driiRRlDt under nn nlisnhuu inonoy-back Ktmrnntcn. Hu-Kx Compound la for ealo nnd recommended by John I'. Cox nnd drug store* Bvcrywhere. Tho committees considered the draft proposals following indications that the army was willing to accept a compromise calling for suspension of inductions whilo they carried on enlistment campaigns. Sparkman said the House com- milcc rcjertod his proposal i'or a flal $400 i. yi ar pay increase for all officers and unlisted men. An amendment to raise the minimum draft ago from 18 to 21 years also was defeated. The compromise idea cor suspending inductions until sfler the lall elections was designed to take pressure off congressmen in their campaigns for re-election. Did John L. Sullivan Fight With Stomach Ulcer Pains? The famous heavyweight chamoion was n9ted os a voracious eater. Could he have eoten and fought as he did if he suffered after-eating pains? Don't neglect stomach heartburn, burning sensation, bloat and other conditions caused by excess acid. Get a 25c box of Udga Tablets from your druggist. First dose must convince or return box to us and get DOUBLE YOUR MONEY BACK. John P. Cox Drug company and drug stores everywhere. —Adv. GOOD FOOD IS ESSENTIAl TO GOOD HEALTH We Specialize in ... • Choice Steaks • Chicken • Veal Cutlets • Fancy Salads GOOD COFFEE AND SOFT DRINKS AT ALL TIMES DIAMOND CAFE HERMAN SMITH, Owner Phone 822 Hope, Ark. A Join the thousands who enjoy this, grand-tasting, vigorous, winey coffee. See for yourself how much more flavor you get in a freshly roasted, freshly ground coffee! Yes —buy Bokar Coffee today — tonight you'll say, "This is real coffee at its best." '.I* Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex, H, W«hburn Nearly 2 Million U. S. Soldiers Couldn't Read or Write Collier's mngnzlnc for April 13 carries an article by Kyle Crlchton on the breakdown ot free public 1 education in the United Stales. He quotes LI. Col. Robert H. Owens as saying 1,704,000 men summoned in the draft "fell short of the Army's minimum standards of a fourth-grade education." And Crlchlon goos on to list six failures irj present-day education: "1. Seven million children between the agcs'.of 5 ,and 17 are not now in school, ' "2. More than 10 million American adults are functionally illiterate (which means that they can't read a newspaper or a booK. or write a letter). "3. One teacher in 10—instead of the one in 200 of prc-Pcarl Harbor days—now holds n substandard teaching certificate. "4. Teachers' colleges have 53 per cent fewer students learning to become educators. "5. There were 50,000 fewer teaching positions filled in 1944-45, and 280,000 teachers have left the schools since Pearl Harbor. . "(i. In October, 1944, there were 10,000 closed classrooms." The article, as you might sup, pose, deals, in part with the special plight of Arkansas and other Southern states—which, because they are largely agricultural, have less tax money to spend on education thnn , the industrial states. Moving into this crisis the Arkansas Education association— on which I commented yesterday — has suggested increasing the state income tax. This is a political impossibility, for the reason that the federal government has already preempted •private incomes as a source of taxation. The sales tax remains as a prime source of state revenue. And as one of those who fought for its enactment more than 10 years ago when it was politically unpopular, this writer again points out there is something rotten in Ar- I kansas politics when a law that ' was designed to help the public schools and public relief agencies can be distorted to serve politicians. The sales tax of Arkansas—and at 2 per cent it is one of the highest in the nation—has been raided periodically tor political purposes. Recapitulating yesterday's quarterly "turnback" figures, this is what we find: If the sales tax return continues throughout the year at the same rate shown for the first quarter the county governments of Arkansas will, succeed in robbing the schools and charities of $1,191,980, and the city governments will have robbed the schools and charities of $1,919,784—a total of $2,383,764. in one year! I suggest to you that here may be a large pai? of the explanation why America had nearly ?, millon illiterates in the 'World War II draft—too many of them, .from Arkansas. -,.:•..,,-- ' ••....-.i : ,r . And I suggest that the candidates for the Arkansas Senate and House of Representatives in tfiis Summer's primary elections read this piece—and do something about * * * By JAMES THRASHER Enlistments Curtailed Congress has passed a series of exceedingly generous bills which make the American enlisted man unquestionably the best-paid, best- clothed, best-housed, and best-cared-for soldier in history. Government officials have pleaded for volunteers on the basis of national need and of personal advantage. The press and the radio have skil- fully beaten the drum for enlistments. Unsettled and uncomfortable conditions in civilian America IIB/O provided a very real incentive. Yet enlistments have not come, and are not now coming, in anything approaching the required proportion. There must, of course, be a reason. The current Lichfield, England, Army court-martial revelation perhaps provides a good idea as to just what that reason is. It gives llesh-and-blood reality to the • "caste system" which former enlisted men repeatedly cite as the cause for their nauseous reaction to all things military. An Army captain has resigned as 1 assistant prosecutor of the Lichfield trial, charging that the case has been "flagrantly mishandled" in an apparently deliberate attempt to acquit highranking officers while convicting enlisted men and junior officers. The case itself is most interesting—and enlightening. The defendants stand accused of participating in a concerted policy of brutally mistreating ^American prisoners confined at the Lichfield Reinforcement Depot. This story is neither new nor puzzling to discharged soldiers. Hightly or wrongly, they emerged from wartime service with an impression that extra-legal protection is ii cherished privilege of officers. And, having seen rough treatment of GI prisoners the accepted practice at many Army posts, they feel that the Lichfield guardhouse procedure probably was in no sense revolutionary. Here is a revelation, and a practice, which may well be brought to the attention not only of Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, but also of the vigorously publicized board of former officers and enlisted men now concerning itself with suggestions for "democratization" 01 the Army. For the United States does desperately need a large Army at present. It can reasonably expect its youth to sacrifice personal comfort and convenience— yes, even personal safety— in order to implement the national gains so recently purchased, with blood and tears, on Continued on Page Two Hope Star WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Clearing and cooler this afternoon, fair and cooler tonight. Friday partly cloudy. 47TH YEAR: VOL. 47—NO. 152 Star of Hone. 1899: Press. 1927. Consolidated January 18. 1929. HOPE,'ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, APRIL 11, 1946 (AP)—Means Associated Press INEA)—Means Nawsodtwr EnterDrtse Ass'n. PRICE 5c COPY Government Demands Coal Settlement By United Press ' The labor department moved today to restore negotiations in the coal dispute, which accounts for nearly one-half of the nation's 053,000 strike-idled workers. Tho harvester council of the CIO Farm Equipment and Metal Workers' union scheduled a meeting at Chicago to consider ratification of a new contract designed to end another major strike and send 30,uuO International Harvester employes back to work this weekend. Secretary of Labor Lewis B. Schwellenbach arranged separate meetings with officials of the AFL United Mine Workers union and soft coal operators. Bargaining talks between the union and operators broke off yesterday after UMW president John L. Lewis termed the operators' methods "imbccilic" and walked out. Other labor developments: 1. The Labor Department announced that unions have filed notices to call more than 900 strikes in the next 30 days if their wage demands arc not met. 2. Detroit auto makers have recalled more than 40,000 production workers laid off because of steel and parts shortages . 3. CIO smcltermcn employed by the Anaconda Cooper Mining Co. voted not to join Buttc, Mont., miners who walked out Tuesday in a wage dispute. 4. In Birmingham, Ala., AFL bus and street car operators struck at midnight to enforce wage demands. Company officials estimated that the strike would leave 231,000 persons without transportation. 5. Nurses picketed the Cedars of Lebanon hospital, Los Angeles, in off-duty hours. The nurses, members of the Registered Nurses Union (AFL) said they would continue picketing until the hospital agreed to negotiate on wages, union recognition and other issues. 0. CIO United Auto W9rkcrs officials were expected to sign a contract today covering about 17,000 production workers at Bendix Aviation Corp. plants in South Bend, Ind., Detroit, and Owosso, Mich., Elmira, N. Y., Norwood, Mass., and North Hollywod, Calif. Lewis broke up yesterday's coal wage parley with another angry blast at the operators. "To cavil further is futile," he said "we trust that time, as it shrinks your purse, may modify your niggardly and anti-social propensities." The operators countered that Lewis was • stalling, "playing politics," and creating a national .crisis. . . '. •• „.- - f \, ; Terms for the International Harvester contract were, agreed to early Wednesday by union and company negotiations meeting in Washington. It provides an 18-cent hourly wage increase and a retroactive pay boos 1 of 10 per cent for the period between Oct. 1, 1945 and the dale the contract is signed. In reporting on impending strikes, the Labor Department said that most of the notices were against .single plants although the AFL teamsters union has failed against companies which supply jakery goods, milk, lumber and Building supplies on a city - wide scale. Other strike notices have oecn filed against utilities companies, shipyards, foundries and textile mills. Ford Motor Co. recalled 35,000 production workers laid off for a week to enable the company to build up steel supplies, and Packard Motor Car Co. ordered 7,000 workers laid off during the General Motors strike to report back to ,vork Monday. o Pope County Jury Acquits McDowell on Murder Count Russellvlle, April 11 — (/P)— Sam McDowell, 31, was acquitcd of a second degree murder charge in Pope county circuit court here yesterday. He had been charged in connec- lion with the death of Clindon McCormick, 23, of Garden Bottom. McCormick was injured ialally in a fight here Dec. 19, 1944. Others Blame Hitler, But It Was Himmler Who Ran Murder Camps, Says Kaltenbrunner j By WALTER CRONKITE Nuernberg, a April 11 — (UP) — Ernst Kaltenbrunner accepted full responsibility today for mass atrocilics of the Nazi security police under him, then plunged into a glib attempt lo convince the war crimes court that he never had any executive power whatever. The scarfaced Kaltenbrunner opened his testimony in his own defense with a pretense of shouldering the blame. However, soon his testimony assumed the now familiar pattern of that by other war crimes defendants — . that somebody else, the dead Hcinrich Himmler, .Ihc missing Adolf Hitler, or others among their sy L cophanls actually issued Ihc orders which appeared over the name of the accused. Kaltenbrunner c h aracterizcd Himmler as a power-mad police .chief who coerced him inlo accepl- ing Ihe hatchet-man job and then issuing sadistic orders in the name of the new appointee. He denied he ever signed eleven saw single order for protec- live cuslody arrest. He said he generally opposed proteclive cus- lody, because a man's liberty must be counted among the highest privileges "and only a proper court could deprive him of that liberty." He also disapproved, he said, of proteclive arrest because of religious views and rumor spread- ling, because such cases "could jusl as well have been deall with by Ihe proper court." "Orders for killing people-" Kal- tenbrunner said, were issund before he took office. The Nazi policy regarding Jews went against his conscience, he said, and orders under which 12 to 15 American parachutists were killed in Yugoslavia in January, 1945, meant another "wrongful use of his name." Kaltenbrunner said he did not know of the "misuse of concen- Iralion camps and internees." Or dcrs for shoting Soviet political commissars and Jewish soldiers on the eastern front were issued and expired before he took office, he tcslified. In a flat, dispassionate voice he recited the story of his rise to The State Police Say: A litlle horse-sense added to the horse-power helps hold acci- denls down. YOU must furnish the horse-sense to avoid having ' an accident. the job in which he, as Helnrlfch Himmler's chief halchct man, was charged wilh the mass cjx- tcrmination or dispatch to conceal- tration camps of millions of artli- Nazis. ' "I am fully aware of the aeri- ous character of the accusations against me,' Kallenbrunncr said. "1 know thai Ihe hatred of- th,e whole world is directed against me. particularly since Himmler and the others are dead, leaving me the only man to answer for them. ' ' '. , "I am aware thai I havo lo tell the truth, and this tribunal- an'd the world must be in position to recognize the cvonls in Germany in Ihis war lo understand and pass judgment on them. ' "For everylhing that happened since I became chief of the secret police in 1943, for every wrong commitled Ihere as far as it happened under my actual control —: if I knew about it — for all that I assume responsibility." He got the job after Ihe assassi- nalion of the notorious Reinhard Heydrich, the Nazi hangman 1 who' also was "protector" of Bohemia- Moravia, after Heydrich was a. assassinated -at Prague. ' "I told Himmler," Kaltenbrun-; nor said, "that my name, my honor .and my family were to sacred to allow me to inherit Hcydrich's job and this hated name.' "Himmler quieted me down and said he nersonally would retain all executive powers, exercising them personally, and I was not lo concern myself with them at all." He said Himmler told him his sole duty would be organizing and extending the intelligence service. That, he said, was in bad shape after Hcydrich's death, and Adolf Hitler railed constantly against Himmler about it. Then, belying his bold acceptance of responsibility ,he began shifting the blame from himself. "I stale here emphatically that the special lasks Riven to Heydrich, such as Ihe" final solution of the Jewish problem, were not known to me al Ihe lime, and in fact never were given to me at all." Hope Mails Contract to Shanhouse Co. 'The temporary committee elected on Tuesday night to proceed with the forming of a corporation to underwrite Hope's factory fund met in Ihe cily hall Wednesday afternoon and elected the following officers: President, C. C. Spragins, vice- president, George Peck; treasurer, Lloyd Spencer; secretary, Charles Armitage. These officers, and Directors Ed Thrash, Lyle Brown, N. P. O'Neal and Roy Anderson are to serve until such time as the organization shall be perfected and incorporated at which time the permanent officers and directors will be elected. This group decided that the name of the organization will be the Hope Industrial Corporation, and commissioned Albert Graves to proceed with the necessary in- corporalion details. Last night Lyle Brown mailed to Shanhouse & Sons, Inc., a tentative lease agreement, and if this agreement is acceptable to (lie company Hope will be assured of this new industry. o James H. Anderson of Texarkana Is Killed in Crash Texarkana, April 11— (K 1 )— James Hugh Anderson, Texarkana business man, was injured fatally late last night when his automobile left the highway near here and struck a Irce. He was found unconscious in Ihe car shortly after the accident and was rushed to a Texarkana hospital. He died loss than three hours later. Anderson, a native of Texas, came to Texarkana 25 years ago. Writer of Mystery Stories, Former Fire Bug, Is Held for Boston Blaze That Killed 8 Boston, April 11 —(UP)— Wilfred Henry Baetz, 35, of Boslon, a self-slyled radio script writer, pleaded innocent today to an arson charge when arrainged in municipal court in connection with one of three incendiary fires that look eighl lives in Ihe Back Bay district. Baetz was ordered held in $10,000 bail for a hearing April 20. The arson charge was based on a blaze which drove 20 occupants from an Irvington strecl apartment house early yesterday. A ®~ culed the idea thai he had any part in Ihe Colonial Chambers fire, deteclives said he acknowledged having been at the scene Clemency for Jack Bostic Is Revoked Little Rock, April 11— «P)— Clemency., given'.v.thrco- coftvicted Arkansas slayers has been revoked by Governor Laney. The three, two of whom were charged with wife killing, were granted clemency by previous governors. They are: Jack Boslic, sentenced lo 21 years from Hempstead county, April 14, 1942. for killing his wife and released on "short probation" March 7, 1944. The revocation was recommended by Hempstead coun : . ty officials. Roy Wells, sentenced lo life from Clark county April 28, 193G, for slaying his wife and released on indefinite furlough Dec. 7, 1944. The parole office said he had left the state without permission and that an assault to kill warrant had been issued against him in Clark county. William Nash, sentenced Nov. 23, '1935, lo 21 years on a second degree murder charge from Pula- 1 ski county and paroled Dec. 1, 1941. The parole office said two separate warrants had been issued here for his arrest. Communists Far Behind in Jap Balloting , By RUSSELL BRINES Tokyo, April 11 — (If)— Three major parties tonight were run- of Japan's 468-seal House of Rep- ning a close race for membership representatives. Communisth were trailing far behind. Nine women appeared certain of election. Scattered nationwide results from yesterday's first postwar election gave the Social Democratic party 25 seats, the Progressives 24 and the Liberals 23. The Communists were certain of only three so far. At least six independents and one People's Party candidate also were elected. Results still are too incomplete to indicate the final makeup of the House.' The Progressives failed to win a seat in Tokyo on the basis of early returns. Premier Shidehara's cabinet sparkplug, Chief Secretary Wataru Narahashi, was elected from Fukuoka prefecture on Kyushu. Narahashi immediately announced the Shidehara cabinet would remain in office at least until convocation of the next special Diet session, probably oh May 10. The press quoted Narahasi as saying he planned creation of a new political party, probably a coalition, with Shidehara as its head. Kyuichi Tokuda, secretary general of the Communist party, who led a 14-man 'committee into Shide hara's office Monday to demand the premier's immediate resignation ,was one of the Communists definitely elected. Another was Parly Leader Sanni Nosaka, who recently returned from exile in Ye- nari and was one of the most personally popular of all candidates in Tokyo. Tho close race led to immediate speculation that a tri-party coalition would organize the next cabinet. i Early returns indicated a 72 percent national vote. .'Among the Social Democrats elected was Tetsu Katayama, the party's secretary-general. •'Another member of Premier Shidehara's cabinet .and one leader each of the Liberal and Progressive parties were among those definitely elected. " Ichiro Hatoyama, pres'Mgnt of the Liberal party who recently was criticised, .for his 1938 book applauding Hitler and Mussolini; lead Tokyo's first district. Welfare Minister Hitoshi Ashida, of-'the Liberal party, was assured of Selection fi'6m Kyoto prefecture. Takao Saito, a. -veteran firebrand in "the IJotise, ,and-:a Progressive leader, was reeleeted from Kobe. ?*rhe7f irst -..tvYO candidates assured of victory were Mrs. Satoko Togano, 38, of the People's party and 97-year-old Yukio Ozaki. Mrs. Togano's husband had been ousted from the Diet by General MacArthur's political purge. Ozaki, who had served in every Japanese Parliament in modern times, recently permitted himself to be quoted as favoring the Communist sponsored Democratic front, but ran as an independent. Mrs. Shizue Kato, formerly the Ba-roness Ishimoto, a well-known prewar birth control advocate, led Tokyo's second district. She ran on the Social Democratic ticket. "as a spectator." Investigation showed that he had been arrested three limes for arson in Roxbury, Brokline nnd Boston between Nov. 11, 1938 and June 26, 1945; that twice he was sentenced to long terms in state prison but actually served only a few months in jail. He still was on probation when seized, police said. The suspect's story was that he about tho same time, two similar had entertained a woman friend fires occurred in the same back Tuesday night and that she had bay neighborhood, one of which killed eight persons. Stale deteclives said that Bactz would be questioned further concerning the latter blaze. Authorities said Baelz had a police record as an arsonist, taken a midnight train for New York. After that, he said, he ac copied an invitation to a parly given by Harvard students in an apartment on Ipswich street. He said he had a couple of drinks and then left the parly at A 35-year-old writer of mystery 2 a. m., arriving home a few min- stories, the suspect was seized al his Ncwbury street bachelor quarters yesterday a few hours after an incendiary fire wrecked the nearby Colonial Chambers, killing an entire family of five, Iwo oUior tenants and a policeman. Two other incendiary blazes broke out in Ihe same neighborhood al-. mosl simultaneously bul involved no fatalities. ules later. He did nol leave Ihe house again, he said, until he heard the sirens of fire apuratus racing to the apartment blaze at 4:15 a. m. Stale slculhs reported lhal the woman who invited him lo 1hn parly said il was nearer 4 a. m than 2 a. m. when he left. He would have reached the Colonial Chambers at apro.ximately the Both Parties Back New Bill for Housing By J. W. DAVIS Washington, April 11 —(fl 3 ) —The Senate shunted the emergency housing bill back to the House today and quickly turned to a companion measure intended to add 12,1500,000 new homes by 1956. This long-range bill came lo the Senate's floor wilh Ihe unanimous approval of ils Banking Commit- lee. Hi-partisan backing is demonstrated by its Irio of authors Senators Wagner (D-NY), Taft (R- Ohio) and Ellender (D-La). The bill is nol linked to but fits in with the emergency housing leg- islalion which Ihe Senate passed yesterday, 03 lo 14, and sent "back lo the House for aclion on amendments. The emergency bill is designed lo provide 2,700,000 new dwelling units, largely for veterans, by the end of next year. Before it can reach President Truman for signature, however, the Scnalc and House musl agree on a compromise version to be worked out by a Senate-House committee. The chief point of difference is Ihe Senate provision for $600,000,000 in subsidies lo encourage thu output of scarce building mater- iajs. The House refused to permit these premium payments, and bolh branches turned thumbs down on price ceiliiiHs for existing dwellings. The administration, from Mr. Truman down, had urged both these features. Ceilings on new houses were provided by the House and the Senate alike. U. S. lo Join Poland in Request for UN Debate Upon Spain ~® Food Crisis Not to Invoke Rationing Washington, April 11 — (UP) — The government today continued its search for the best way short of rationing to step up :Cood shipments overseas in the' face of a warning that domestic wheat reserves are at seriously low rf>b. The Agriculture Department's crop reporting service said there were only about 204,000,000 bushels of wheat in farm storage bins on April 1. This was about 122,000,- 000-r.bushels less than a year ago and. the lowest April 1 reserve since 1941. On the bright side of the food picture, however, the report said that winter wheat production this year should total 830,836,000 bushels. Coupled with a spring wheat yield of 260,000,000 bushels, this should boost total 1946 production above the billion bushel mark. Agriculture Secretary' Clinton P. Anderson said the prospect of another record wheat harvest would enable this country to dip into its slender grain reserves now for overseas shipments and rebuild its sloarge slocks from the winter wheat harvest. "The forecast of a record winter wheat crop makes it possible for us to work toward a small carryover on July 1 if necessary to meet the export goal," he said. Although the report indicated there was only enough wheat in storage to meet three-fourths of our domestic and overseas needs, officials believed that wheat in elevators, mills and in shipment would make up the difference. This wheat will be inventoried later. Anderson' said the report showed that "the wheat situation is not as Secretary of State Byrnes delivered his tight as some had feared." "Our estimate," he said, "indicates that we can reach our goal of 225,000,000 bushels for famine relief exports for the first- six months .'of 1946! To do this, how- 'ever, '•".we vwill ''have -• to follow through fully 'on steps." all conservation By R. H. SHACKFORD ( New York, April 11 —(UP)—The United Stales will support Poland's request for full United Nations Se-. curily Council discussion of the Spanish question — now coupled with Nazi atomic and rocket scientists working in Spain, official sources revealed today. But it probably will continue to oppose any council action against Generalissimo Farncisco Franco now unless Poland produces some airtight, startling evidence of Franco's sponsorship of Nazi atomic and war weapon research. Injection of the atomic issue into the Franco Spain problem, however, appeared to ease a little the earlier Anglo-American rigid opposition even to council discussion of Spain. Poland seems assured of geting her case against Spain on the council's agenda. It takes only a seven votes of the 11-member council to do so. But for council action afterward, the seven votes must include each of the big five. James F. ._ instructions to American Delegate Edward R. Stettinius, Jr., late yesterday — aft^r Poland's formal complaint against Spain, was filed wilh U.N. Secretary General Trygve Lie, and afler Polish sources revealed exis lence of evidence indicating that Nazi scientists, hiding in Spain, may be working on atomic, rocket and other war weapon research under Franco's auspices. This allegation exploded like an atomic bomb in U.N. security council circles. It was learned immediately from American official sources that Byrnes had instructed Stettinius to support to the hilt Poland's request to discuss the. Spanish situation and to oresent. her' evidence to the council. . Although the United States still doesn't believe . Franco's demise would be hastened -by council action, and that his position . might be strengthened, iByrnes instructions to Stetinius are: .1 1. — Support Poland's request to have her.V complaint against Spain placed on the council agenda. 2.—Oppose any move by anyone that would prevent Poland from presenting her i corrtplete case against the Frando jegirne, especially any ii)foi;m-ation v .she has nhnilt. TiVnnnnlc .> : Gvirwanv*-.:v. of ',*'.. : J^g21 " "or Although the daper suspect ridi- lime the fire broke out. FILES FOR PROSECUTOR Little Rock. April 11 — (K>)— Pal .Robinson of Lewisvillc has an- |nounccd his candidacy for cighlh district prosecuting attorney. He filed his corrupt practices pledge with the secretary of slate yesterday. The incumbent, Lyle Brown, is running lor circuit j Priority for Pet Stirs Up British Too London, April 11 —(/P)— A fat little baby Panda out in China today stirred up a ruckus in Britain that threatened to top the fuss over the famous airplane ride of Brig. Gen. Elliott Rose- vclt's dog, Blaze. The Panda has just won air priority over some 11,000 persons who are backlogged in India, awaiting transportation to Britain. Whether the priority will stick seemed uncertain in view of rising public anger. Priority was granted not only for the Panda but for a Chinese girl attendant to accompany the little beast and for 80 pounds of succulent bambo shots. Lo'rd. Munster brought the case to the public eye in an address to the House of Lords in which he sarcastically noted that the girl atendant was being sent along to "interpret the wishes of the panda and feed it." The Panda is a gift from the Chinese government to the Royal Zological Society to replace Ming, Britain's first panda which died last Christmas after seven years in the London zoo. The 10- month-old animal was captured two months ago in Szechwan by an expedition directed by Gov. en. Chang Chun. The British granted the Panda air priority from Calcutta to London but thus far, due to transport difficulties, the Chinese haven't boon able to get the animal out of the mountain village of Wen Chwan, near where it was cap- lured 70 miles from Chengtu. Fred W. Allsopp's Funeral Is to Be Held on Friday Little Rock, April 11 — (/P)— The funeral of Fred W. Allsopp, business manager of the Arkansas Gazette for 56 years, will be at his home here Friday at 3 p. m., and burial will be at Mount Holly cemetery. Allsop, part owner of the Gazette, died shortly before midnight Tuesday after a long illness. He was 78. FISCAL BOARD TO MEET Litlle Rock, April 11 — (/P)—• The stale Fiscal Control Board will meet here April 19 to consider bids for initial improvements on the slate livestock showgrounds and lo receive tenders on sinking fund obligations. He said this included using less grain for livestock feeding, prohibiting the use of wheat in beverage alcohol production, inventor limitations, the higher wheat extraction rate and a reduction in the amount of bread consumed in this country. Anderson ruled out any immediate possibility of bread rationing, however, in replying to British announcement that Britain would ration bread if the United States did. He said the present crisis would be over before this country could get a ration program working. "It is much easier for a small nation, depending mostly upon imports, to control the distribution of wheat than for a large nation like the United Stales which produces so much wheat over such a large area," Anderson said. He said the answer might lie in culling American 'Wheat consumption in other ways to malch Britain's preferred sacrifice. One of these, he said, might be Ihe government's suggestion to reduce wheat and flour consumption 25 per cent. Thai proposal brought .strong protests from baking industry rep- Continued on Page Two a bout Fra nco^s ',, > Leu scientists - wtfrlmi Harry Truman Ends 1st Year as President By LYLE C. WILSON Washington, April 11 — (UP)— Just one year ago today Harry S. Truman stood in the wings of the world stage, unrehearsed and pretty much unprepared to act" a role: which would- tax a Lincoln. The following ,day Mr? Truman became president of • the United States. He took'th ieoath of office at the • White House in the early evening of April 12, some hours after Franklin D. Rosevelt died in Georgia. His first ' year has been a succession of'crises. ' ' In 12 months Mr, Truman h'as led the nation in thanksgiving._for the end of, war in the west and east. He has met —and so,.far has failed to conquer —- a conservative Republican - Democratic congressional coalition which variously demolishes, denatures or-delays his legislative program. He has seen his reconversion hopes smashed by conflicts between capital and labor. He has beckoned or bowed Rosevelt new dealers Out of office at >a rate which astonished the capital. , Mr. Truman made the expected and routine announcement on taking office that he would carry out thiB policies of his predecessor. He asked members of ,the Roosevelt cabinet to remain in office 1 to help him do so. The president has kept prety well, on -the Roosevelt policy target, although his recommendations have.. Slot gotten far m Congress. For 'the most part the things he has pro-* posed are the things for which,,' the late president i stood. <j t. ( But X marks thfe spot wheie'< most of the prominent new deal-,, ers worked and drew their govern-" ment pay- here in the 'days of Roosevelt II, Of the pabiriet, :only two remain who 'were in when Mr. Triimsa..itOok other war weapons. 3. — Keep an open mind and . vote thereafter as the merits of Poland's case, in the light of evi- ' dence produced, deserve. As of today the United States is adamantly oposed to Security Council action against Franco Spain. But the Uniti.'d States also has become the chief advocate in the council of leting any United Nation — big or little; council member or non-council member — present to the council any situation which it thinks threatens world peace. It happens that the United Stales — rightly or wrongly — doesn't think that the Franco Regime endangers world peace. It is on rec- 9rd as 'believing that the situation in Spain — as much as the U. S. government dislikes it — is now an internal matler. Bui Byrnes and Sletlinius feel jusl as strongly that no member of the .council, regardless of his prior beliefs on a given situalion, sliould block full council discussion of it if another member thinks differently. It was on this basic principle that Byrnes said Soviet Council Delegate Andrei' A. Gromyko slugged it out toe to loe for. two Conlinued on Page Two Korea Not Sorry Japs Have Been Thrown Out, But Yank Occupation Works Hardship By MORRIE LANDSBERG Subbing for Hal Boyle Seoul, April 11 —(/P)— Korea's economic plight probably is unique among war dislocated of the Far East. countries Not a ballleground ilself, this little nation nevertheless has suffered. Few Koreans are sorry that Japan's surrender overturned their economy. But the U. S.-Russian occupation that came with it has proved a definite hardship. Korea wants to buy from abroad, but has no way of paying. Japanese decrees impoverished the silk industry, which otherwise might have shiped raw silk to the United States to cslablish a basis for foreign exchange. American-occupied southern Korea grows rice chiefly and nobody • " ' -• ' •• t na t is talking about exporting commodity when there isn'l enough lo feed all of Ihe people al ' hr\m« home. Factories in both Ihe American and Russian-occupied zones are cut off by Ihe rigid boundary of the 38th parallel. The south may have raw materials lhal Ihe induslrial south could use but free communication is nol pormiled. Korea ac- lually is two countries wihich have nol recognized each other. There is no immediate relief in sight, although the American-Russian commission, now in session here, might lift the blockade any lime. American military government latempts lo increase production arc hampered by Ihe boundary line and a shortage of supplies. So far, only a minor quantity of goods has come in from the United Stales. Army authorities recently announced plans to import commodities from the United States, but the quantity and method of pay- ment have not been announced. Meanwhile Korea has a problem at home — inflation. Prices of many commodities are more than 100 times what they were in 1937. Koreans complain that they are going up every day. The military government says it is doing everything it can to stabilize them. In an analysis of the economic situalion, Dr. Allen Loren, economic adviser lo Ihe military governor, attributed inflation nol only lo Ihe huge increase in currency bul to a scarcity of goods and a number of subsidiary factors. "At Ihe time of Korea's liberation, there was fear and uncertainty among Ihe Japanese in Korea," he said. "Japanese companies paid hugh bonuses to their officers and many officials withdrew company funds for their own use." , He said the people imagined the banks would be closed and withdrew their deposits. Bank of Chosen (Korea) notes in circulation doubled from Ihe end of July, 1945, to Oct. 1. The people didn't hesitate to spend and prices sky- rockcled. To add to the situation, Americans, shortly afler their arrival, declared an open market, discarding all former price controls. Military officers now concede that this was a mistake which they still are trying to correct by such measures as fixed prices on the basic commodity, rice. The daily rice ration has been doubled. That forced a slump in black market prices from 450 yen ($30) to 180 yen ($12) for nine quarts, says a report of Maj. Carrol V. Hill, Pitsburgh, Pa., national food administrator for the military government. Wallace and ""Secretary of Navy!. James V. Fprrestal. . ' ! Secretary of 'Treasury Henry* Morgenthau, Jr., left in a huff when Mr.: Truman failed enthusiastically to endorse a, proposition that he stay : on for some specific period. Secretary of 'Interior-Harold L. Ickes stormed' into private life shouting '"foul", and otherwise'indicating his displeasure with the Truman admin-" istration. '.-.-'.." Except for Ickes,. the cabinet officers went, quietly and, for- the most part,' in good spirits. Secretary of State 'Edward R. Stettinius, Jr., had the worst luck of all. He was put in office to succeed the. aged and ailing Cordell Hull. Mr. Roosevelt put him there as a frontman and salesman for his foreign policy. Mr. Rosevelt intended to be his own secretary -of state. On the president's death and the succession of Mr. .Truman, the Democratic faithful .were shocked to realize that in the event Mr. Truman died the new president would be the handsome Stettinius Stettinius had no particular political background. He was a J. P. Morgan man and a former officer of the United Stales Steel Corp. He was fired and was succeeded by James F. Byrnes, former member of the House, Senate and Supreme Court and one-time director of the Office of War Mobilization. - ' While these nationally known figures were coming and going, the Missouri gang began to form around the .president. Despite hjs years in the Senate,' Mr. Tuirian did not know intimately a great many persons ouside Congre'ss except his old'friends back horpe. So when he had to fill the jobs, big and little, he turned instinctively lo Ihe Congress or to Missouri. That procedure severely limited Mr. Truman's field -of selection. But Mr. Truman's personnel problems have been relatively mi-' nor. Strikes, reconversion, Congress and • inflation are his headaches today as they have'been for months. The president's honeymoon ended with the war. Congress saw him into the White House with a shout of "Good old Harry." Mr. Truman was a member of the Senate club,He knew how to deal easily and' intimately wilh his old cronies.-But despite all lhal Ihe early months of his administration passed and' only one of his proposals won legislative approval. That was the measure lo return the mtliou from war time to Standard ume. All' else hung fire. Mr. Truman's troubles are traced to a number of causes, including comparatively weak Democratic leadership in Congress and the fact thai Ihe Democratic parly, itself, is badly divided between its southern and northern members. Another factor is 1he large number of proposals with which Mr. Truman loaded Congress at one time. He repeated his 21-point leg--, islative program in January and added a few for good measure. But Congress is beginning to work itself out from under. The president has had spectacular success wilh his foreign policy recommendations. The United Stales is a t member of the United Nations with i no strings attached, including tho • use of force to keep the neace. We have approved the Bretton Woods monetary conference and now are members of the ; Continued on Page Two

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