The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on September 18, 1895 · Page 2
Get access to this page with a Free Trial

The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 2

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, September 18, 1895
Page 2
Start Free Trial

"A-.^Ss, •,^ ; - , tiis life punisnM » i 4*r **MfcaJJt^'j*Jiii*&iiiiS atiMW ' 3«^£i*i:iiK **J 111 OPiulCzSlZiK LHO ctCulOu xJI Ige «l the «&6e. ; 9?he attitude ef tfae McMiSan atfth&rities becawse they complicating the situation, but Minis* ^i* M&f iscal will act impartially. Min< istef M&fiseal ie known to be especially ifiendiyto Americans, has an AmeH «Sh "<wife, &nd is fre4«lently criticised •by the opposition press fof his Jwpat 4 ,t$al conduct ifi all cases pertaining to • Americana The resident Americans denounce vehemently the insulting ''Charge of the Iowa editors, who know nothing of the affair here, and can diily see one side of this now famous case. DEADLY RATTLESNAKE. Iti JFool Charmer for Swallowing I to Head. September 14.—While exhibiting some rattle and black snakes ttt the county fair, William Primmer, , a snake charmer, was bitten by a tattler in the tongue and died a few hours later. Primmer was a new 'hand at the business and had failed to have the venomous fangs of the reptile 'removed. When he fearlessly put the '"head of the rattler into his mouth the Jreptile buried the poisonous fang into his tongue. Within thirty minutes Primmer's tongue and throat were swollen so large that tracheotomy was necessary to allow respiration, but death finally ensued. TRIED TO ESCAPE. Bigamist Curtis Getting Tired of Jail Life. ANAMOSA, Sept. 15.—Bigamist Curtis, the absconding editor of the Anamosa Call, now in the county jail, awaiting trial in a couple of weeks for bigamy, has been preparing to make his escape from the jail. Sheriff Babcock noticed that Curtis stayed in his cell more than usual of late and made an investigation. He found two case knives nicked so as to make saws of ^hem. It was very evident that Curtis iiad made calculations to make an escape before time for the trial. Of course the tools were taken from . and a strict'watch kept over him. STATE RIFLE RANGE. Be- ! I Tract of Ground Has Been Selected tween Marlon and Cedar Kaplds. MARION, Sept. 15.—The National guard of the United States are making arrangements to establish a rifle range .between here and Cedar Rapids this fall. The ground has been selected and lies half way between both cities, and is a splendid tract for such pur-, , poses. 'It gives a range of 000 yards and splendid facilities for skirmishing, and the guard will have good opportunities to practice crack shooting. . Eight revolving 1 guns will be placed on the range, and contests between various companies will be interesting events. MYSTERIOUS WILL CASE. Appearance of a Second TF111 at a Lato l>ay. KEOKUK, September 13.—Sixteen months ago the will of » Susan Taylor was probated without contest. By its provisions all property, including valuable real estate, went to the husband, John W, Taylor, absolutely. The will was executed'ten 1 years ago, Another will, bearing a date of three days later than tne first, by which Julia McConkey, her daughter, is made .,beneficiary, has just been probated, KILL THE DOCS. Damages For a Victim of Savage Brutes, .'> ' CBESTON, September 15,-~-Several r - 'months ago, Otto %ri| s ger wps attacked '* '• by eft^ge dogs pwn'ed by Mrs. Bevenna : 1 ; TRbberts %nd horribly 'bitten, Kruger i' C6Q.mmen.ced suit for $3,000 damages ia -"- f t&d'cUstrict court »od secured judgment ' f pr, $8QQ. After, the Pttiti was ipstituted JMr fi . Roberts deeded, her property 'to 1 Jier son and left th,e country. But the will likely be set ^side. O WILL, LA* th«ti£hl t& lest & is&dliseor- {!!«&<%. AmtildbtaS Was levieli against the pwpertf tfecup-ieii \s? the ttef&hdants ftilhi'gfliftb!$6&tf eis,cn> ftiefis wete- tWe do-linls ftjfainst Cobble* • afid" tfudgd Hindman assessed a finft Bf $3*00 tin Sack count of ninety 1 'days ifa Jail 1 ofa eacheoilnt. ttohnSon's easS was put ftver ttf the nfcfct tefm of court. NO JUSISdidfioN, and WUU»W |y, Bradley ' polnt*4 jJs»cotor«, • Bept. 15.— Tbelftte Dr. G, jvjll. Tfee est.ate is i I500.0QP and ^PPS to his. wife «n4,feup children, Hjs soa, Pr, Allen William I* Braaiey have executors, Meid« timt Kattonftl iJahkg Ate tr&t Awettabl* to State t)*ury Law*, Septembef lo.—While a 6f ufetiry'Was beitig tried here in the district cotift, ex-JUdg6 George Paine raised a new point of lack of jurisdiction. He advanced the plea that the courts of Iowa had no jurisdiction because a national bank was not amenable to the penalties of the state law. Jitdge Elwood sustained the objection. BUT *Jie atftthod* fid T*^ OSrftlaft its tnjitfe Sat6». M6AT, Mn- LIGHT SENTENCE. ..Two Brutes at OlaMon Get Off CLARION, Sept. 15.—Sheriff Bradfleld took W. K. Walch and Charles Vescel- lions to Anainosa, where they will have to Work at hard labor for fourteen months for the crime of enticing 17- year-old Cora Roberts from home for the purpose of prostitution. John Clark and William Murphy were given three years for burglary. 3 PLANT CAPTURED. Miirslmlltown Gluco»o Works to Go to Ottumwa. OTTUMWA, Sept. 15.—At a large mass meeting $41,084 of the $50,000 required to secure the Marshalltown glucose plant was raised. "The remainder of the amount was raised by solicitors. Work on the factory, which will be equal in capacity to any in the world, will begin at once. HOLD-UP AT CLINTON George of Norton Slugged and Robbed S750 In Cash. CLINTON, September 14.—George Norton was held up on the street here, slugged and robbed of $750 in cash. He was returning from 'a neighbor's. There is no clue to the thief and no arrests have been made. Railroad Crossing Accident. CBESTON, September 13.—An accident at a railroad crossing near Murray resulted in the death of Levi Tab- Ler. It seems-that his team balked on the crossing. He put the brake on the wagon on seeing : the approaching engine, and then tried to back the team ivithout releasing the brake. He was caught and thrown a considerable distance, alighting on the track, and the engine ra4 over his arm. Jumped; to HU Death. DOBUQUE, September l4. lienvy !7eisen, a farmer living twelve miles 'rom here, disappeared on the 9th. After diligent sea.rch his clothes were 'ound on the edge of a mineral hole, and at the bottom was his naked body standing on its head. He had dived in lead first, smashing his gkull and jreaking his neck. He was a widower and about 35 years old. State Fair Finances, DES MOINES, September "14.—Last fear the total cash receipts at the fail- grounds wei-e $14,000. This year they vill exceed $35,000, and it is said the association will come out about 810,000 ahead. The 'meeting was successful in ;very respect. Struck by a Motor, ' TAMA,, Sept. IS.—A. L. Beerner, 70 •ears of age, was struck by an electric motor on the Toledo line, while driving a cow to pasture, and badly bruised and knocked off the track. He will probably recover. CONDENSED ITEMS. f Bankers and brokers wishing farm loans for their correspondents should write Security Loan & Trust Company of Des Moines. Johnny Crum was again beaten at New York, by Wefers, of Boston, who >yon the 100-yard dash ]>y a fifth of a second, 'Crumbs' ankle i4 still bothering him. At Chicago last week Fayette P. Dungan, the only son of Lieutenant Governor Pungan of Iowa, who has f or several years past held a responsible position on the r Chicago Journal, dropped dead. The supposed cause of his death is heart disease, The remains will be taken to the family home at Chariton, • Ellft Cherry, one of the famous Cherry sisters, was. before Justice WhUam - at 'CecUn< liapids recently on a charge of threatening to kill, J, " neighbPfi, Ppon the jn- IrpductipB pf teatj&wy it-appeared Miss Cherry peyer }n.ten(le4 tP Bases that'be h§4 m,»de the CPW- through spite, and, the case ,,»gain>t top-was Jnteripr Jfeg feral l^fantt M. iiasbfl, at t*ranfclort, (Jermaty, has transmitted ttt the a^fi- eulttipal department thi»ouf h the secretary of state the donlplaint bf the agent of Messrs. Afmour & Cft, of Chi- cagd, as to the restrictive measures resorted to by the local authorities at Freiburg atld Carlsruhe for the ^retention df the sale of American meats, Dealers have been required to put up a notice ifl a conspicuous plaee stating that the American meats offered for sale "had passed only a sttpef fieial and insufficient inspection, and that no guarantee ot theii 4 purity cduld therefore be given." Of course the dealers declined to put up any such condemnatory announcement, and the sale df American' meats has therefore' been practically stopped. IS CORBETT SICK? Report* That lie TVlil Not Bo in Condition to Meet Klt/.slnimong. Prm.ADEM'iiiA, [September 12.—The friends of Pugilist James J. Corbett in this city are alarmed over a ;story circulated that the champion boxer is not in good health, and that there is danger of his not being in good condition when he/faces Fitzsimmons next month. A very well known athlete and boxer, who saw Corbett stripped a few days ago, states that he does not look anything like a well man. This man says that Corbett has fallen away a great deal about the shoulders and the upper part ot the body. The indications pointed to the champion's having been a sufferer for some time, and that he might become a . victim of consumption. Still it is said Corbebt is doing a little work at* Asbury Park, and will be ready to meet Fitz on the day set for the fight. MICHIGAN' ANARCHY. The Union Miners Are Carrying Things With a High Maud at Ishpeinthg. ISII.PKMISG, Mich., Sept. 15.—Matters here seem rapidly, drifting, into a condition of anarchy. Non-union workmen were assaulted and ba'dly beaten whenever vchtiiring beyond guard lines. All strangers are 'peremptorily halted and commanded to give an account of themselves, and in many cases are roughly handled. Trains are being stopped whenever supposed to be carrying non-union men, stones are hurled down steep hills into the guard line, and loaded cars are let down steep inclines to crush into cars filled with sleeping workmen. The situation is growing .worse rather than better. The military authorities are considering the situation, and as a last resort military law may be declared in both Ishpeming and Megaunc. C. A. R. AT LOUISVILLE. Two Bad Accidents Mar the Encampment. LOUISVILLE, Ky:, September 13. — Fifty thousand old soldiers participated in the G. A. R. parade and it was several hours in passing the reviewing stand. During the day a caisson belonging to Battery A, Kentucky National Guard, exploded, killing four members of the battery. Later, while 100,000 people were watching the fire works along the river front, a portion of the grand: stand on which were seated at least 10,000 people, gave way aud a hundred persons were injured. No fatalities have been reported. Col. Ivan A. ; Walker, of Indianapolis, was ele'cted commuuder-in-chief of the order. The encampment next will be held at St. Paul, year A BROAD CHALLENGE. ."Piper" Donovan Wants to Run Against Everybody^ 1 BOSTON, September 15,— Eddy Donovan, the world's professional 100 yards champion, has offered to run the winner of the amateur championship of America. If he wants money wagered, Donovan will run Bradley, Wefers, Crum. Lee or any other amateur 100 yards for 81,000 aside, and will concede any of the above one yard start, EARTHQUAKE IN HONDURAS, ' Great Los* of Life Reported From Yotapan. 1 LONDON, September 15.—A special from Tegucigalpi, Honduras, says that reports are received from Yetapan to the effect that a seyere earthquake visited that section. It is estimated that the loss of life will be 350 and the property loss will amount to perhaps $1,000,000, Clupose Outrage?, SHANGHAI, Sept, 13.—The British consul at Wei Chow, in the province of Che. K'.e/ng, has been stoned by a mob, Ljteraturp inciting aga.inst the English has been circulated against the officials. The inquiry at Ku Cheng js being obstructed by'the t'&ctips of the officials,, headed by the vjceypy, ^9 Ja trying to exjpperftte the prisoners JR the bscitn* la the fjotkduidii sf fc»f». 'tefiibM IS-^^tft th« statistician 6i the aepsftmentof agriculture sh6ws a decline is the c&nditioii of totti id t>6.4 frfim 163>5 in the month of Atigti&i TJfie 1 coffl ofop stttfered drouth dating Augrtst ifaC-hio, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa* aBd in a pdrtioti df Nebraska, ttepofts frbtn Indiana, totva and Ohio indicate that though there hate been Wins during the latter part of the months they have been genet-ally too late to be of any great benefit. The avefrages in the principal stales are: Kentucky; 100; Ohio, 83J Michigan, 80; Indiana^ 86} Illinois, OS; Iowa, ~OG; MJssourSt 111; Kansas, 8(5, The general condition bf wheat, considering both Winter and spring varieties, where harvested, was 75.4 against 83.7 last year and 74 in 1893f The reported conditions for 'the principal Wheat states are as follows: Ohio, 64; Michigan, 70; Indiana, 53; Illinois, 5!); Wisconsin, 85; Minnesota, 3 07; Iowa, lot; Missouri, 75; Kansas, 40; Nebraska, 74; North Dakota, 305; South Dakota, 74; California, 75; Oregon, 93; AVashington, 70, The condition of oats \vhen harvested was 80; rye. 83.7; barley, 87.0; buckwheat, 87.5; potatoes, 00.8. THE HOUCHTON HORROR, Thirty Victims of the Mine Fire Found ••; Dead. HouoilTON, Mich., September 13.— The fire in'the Osccola mine lias been quenched and an exploring party went into the mine to locate the bodies of the imprisoned miners. They succeeded in finding all of* the thirty victims who were unable to escape. MORA CLAIM PAID. the Spain Gives Up a Drnft for #1,440,000. WASHINGTON, Sept. 15.—The mora claim has been paid. Senor Dupuy de Lome, the Spanish minister to Wash- j CU P win ^'won by Defender, ington, handed to Acting Secretary of State Adee a draft on the "Spanish fiscal agent at London for $lj449,000 in gold. Mr. Adee gave the minister a receipt for the draft. Kniolcelegs Powder. NEWPORT, K. I., September 13.—The torpedo boat Cushing, Lieutenant Koy C. Smith, has left for Fisher's Island with 500 rounds of ammunition for the six-pounder rapid firing guns loaded with smokeless powder. This will be delivered to Admiral Uunce for distribution among the vessels of the North Atlantic squadron. The smokeless powder is the first issued , to American war A'essels. BRIEF ITEMS. A cablegram from Shanghai says the rebellion in the province bf Kan- Suh is becoming^ formidable. The insurgents have organized an army, and with it have captured eleven cities. It is reported that the government at Pekin meditates calling upon Russia for aid in suppressing the rebellion. At Chicago last week Kier Hardie, the English labor leader, addressed a meeting of Methodist ministers. Dur-> ing the course of his talk on socialism he denounced the execution of the Chicago anarchists and eulogized them as pioneers of the new faith. The storm of dissent and disapproval from the preachers which greeted this utterance was so vehement that Hardie was compelled to sit down. The preachers then proceeded with such scathing denunciation that Hardie left, much offended. A dispatch from Kars, Armenia, says that the entire district of Kemaks is surrounded by Turkish troops, dispatched by Zekki Pash^ under the plea of arresting Armenian revolutionists. Several villages are reported to have been completely sacked, and the population, aggregating 5,000 people, foully treated. The excitement and alarm are universal. Authentic information from Moosh is to the effect that an ariti^Christian society of • Turk* ish officials has.been formed with the avowed intention to slaughter the Christians in the event of the acceptr since by the porte of the scheme of reforms presented by the powers, It is declared that Consul Sampson is to be the first victim. At Chicago recently, as a fitting finale to a long career as an athlete, Harry S, Cornish, athletic manager of the Chicago Athletic Club, went through what is known as the "all around programme," at the Chicago Athletic Association's field and sue- ceeded 19 hanging up an exceptionally brilliant record, mRKing » tot^l of 4,988 points under ( the amateur athletic system of peering, J3e r&n joo yarrts in 111.5 seconds; put' the id poupd shot 35 feet; ro^de 5 feet 1 inch on the running high jump; walked 880 yards in 42:3; threw the 10 pound hammer 90.^ feet; vaulted 8 f«9t e^ inches with the pole; ran, 130 yards over hurdles in 10 secouds; threw the 58 ppund shot 310-10 feet; made 10 feet 0)£ inches m thp running broad juxpp, finished by r«n.nJR£ 3, mile, in, 5 and 30J4 60091148, This total number- of points JiftS bee, a equalled by bu,t fiye ^inevteurs in. the .In th,e secopd ya.'ch,t we'ftn. accident to jjeieocjer • twn ' fteW > ¥tt**< 9§j»ti 12.—f8t mi ceflnmittSS MStftintd- ltelendeT% test find gave BefeHcief tht fid fade which Valkyrie 1 technically < The protest wait allowed dnthe gr( of Valkyrie fouling Itefendef at start. ' i Ntew ¥d"ttk, Sept. 13,-^Lord Dlin- faten ownef of Valkyrie, had ftfitteti to the regatta committee, declining to run unless the pleasure boats were kept clear of the" course. When the third race of the series came ofa fie- fender crossed ^the lifie slightly ahead of Valkyrie, who immediately hoisted a signal that she gave up the race, and Defender went ove? the course alone ( thus winning the face and cup. Mr.' Iselin offered to reiiail the second face t but received no reply from Dunraven. The reason for fluking in the last race was that the course was crowded by pleasure boats. ' , NEW YORK, September 14.—Lord Dunraven makes the following explanation of his views to an interviewer: "1 am quite satisfied that I cannot, off New York, sail a race for the America's cup under satisfactory conditions. The situation is this: I do not believe that I have a superior boat; I do not think that I should be subjected to an insult from the regatta committee of any yacht club or from the representative of any challenging syndicate. There is no difference of opinion aboard our boat.' It is a simple matter of refusal to sail under existing conditions and rules." ' The Atlantic Club contemplates an attempt to arrange a race, or a series, between Valkyrie and Defender for a special cup to cost about $3.000. The members of the club will propose cither one race or two out of three, and several of them are anxious to wager Dunraven $20,000 to $50,000 that the Dunraven will be allowed to arrange details, if the plan materializes, to choose the waters between Sandy Hook and Marblehead, and the date within the limit of October 1; to be arranged so that the public be kept in ignorance of the dates and to select rules of either the New York, Atlantic or Larchmont clubs, the three leading clubs of the country, to govern the race. NEW YORK, September 14.—-The following telegram received, by C. Oliver Iselin and Lord Dunraven explains itself: Owing to the unsatisfactory conditions which seem to exist off New York for a contest of such magnitude as you are engaged in, I hereby offer a $5,000 international challenge cup to be sailed for by the Defender and Valkyrie III. off Marblehead, cup to be called the "Massachusetts Bay Cup." In case of acceptance conditions can be arranged at once. CHARLES H. TAYLOR, Editor of Boston Globe. .NKW Yor.K, September 14.—The Valkyrie is being stripped and prepared for her voyage across the ocean. Lord Uunraven's representative says she will never race on this side of the water again. Replying to the offer of General Taylor, Lord Dunraven said it was a magnanimous one, but he had no more so say. Mr. 'Iselin replied, declining to meet Valkyrie. CHOLERA IN HAWAII. A !.arjje Number ol Deaths from the l>Is- ense. SAN FRANCISCO, Sept. 14.—The steamer Australia has arrived from Honolulu. Forty-one cases of cholera have occurred up to Sept. 5, with thirty-five deaths. One sailor of the United States ship Bonnington, lying in the harbor, has died of cholera. SAN FRANCISCO. September 14.—The San Francisco board of health has declared Honolulu an infected port. The local quarantine officer is directed to place all vessels from Honolulu m quarantine and keep them until the ship is released by the board. Mayor Sutro is indignant that seventy-seven passengers from Honolulu were permitted to land from the Australia. The mayor says the local quarantine officer was direlict in his duty and there was a regular exodus from the Hawaiian' capital. WASHINGTON, September 10.—The postoffice 'department has issued a notice that the sailing of the steamer Warriroo for Australia, from Vancouver, via Honolulu, has been cancelled, and there vvjll be no sailing from Vancouver for Australia during October, or until the cholera scare abates, WAUUER'S September 10.— The Siecle says the Upitect States government has reoejved cornplete'explanations of the offense, prosecution ftnd sentence of ex-Con'sul Waller* which show ttyat his case >§ irretrievably ,lost. . - S4N I.U FRANCISCO, Sept. 13,-r-Th.e Australia bwgs $*e news ex.Queen Ljl };as teen pardoned &l tjsUes, may except the Afford, ' fff WALL ol (fi> Ltfcftr'd & Fr««f§s, ffli«b«rs bf bond syndicate, which . has ttrtids heavy deposits Id gold reserve, cfe'atsd & Wall street by engaging^ . shipment. This with the oth«f ments, of the week made &,total $7,900,000, the largest weekly o'ttHL,..-,.,,, on record, except the il^foO.Dffd-se'fl%: abroad in one week last (January". "* WL - r day was an exciting one. Several 1 „ came to the aid of the sub-tf easufy' with'^ deposits 0 f gold, the fdllowlng slats* '* '.4 ment has been authorised by th§ Tidfld' syndicate: "The impfession has be* come general that the member^ df thS'__- bond syndicate entered into an agflsa*'^ ment with the United States treasury' to maintain the 8100,000,000 reserve until October 1, ffox., and that tipdtt that date said obligation will cease. Such is not the case. The bond syndicate fulfilled all,its obligations to the government in June last and has not' since been bound in any Way to the treasury. It is true that it has from time to time since last June paid over various sums in gold com to the treasury, which have sufficed to maintain ' the reserve, but it has done so voluntarily, and will continue to do so in the same spirit and with the same motive." CHICAGO, September 10.—Charles Hutchinson, president of the Corn Exchange National, bank, in an interview said the arrangements for a new issue of bonds were about completed. "I have it on the best authority," he said, "that the Morgan-Belmdnt syndicate is negotiating with President Cleveland. The only point undecided is the amount, the president desiring -. to make it $25,000,000, while the syn- • dicate wants at least 150,000,000. My, information is from New York." SLAUGHTER OF NEGROES. Attacked by a Band of Masked White Men. WESTVILLK, Fla., Sept. 13.—Two. negroes were shot to death and several wounded by masked men in the northern portion of Holmes county. The tragedy occurred near, a large saw mill which is owned by Graves & B'eatty. The firm employs many negroes and operates a short railroad from the mil]' to Choctawhatchee river. A freight car had been fitted with bunks, and in this about thirty negroes sleep. The car in which the negroes were sleeping was surrounded by masked men, who opened fire with Winchesters. The negroes were awakened to find bullets' whistling all about them. The shots and the screams of the negroes brought Graves and Beatty with a number of white employes, and then the masked men fled. Examination showed that Henry Johnson and Sam Evans, neg- roes, had been -killed and a dozen wounded, some fatally. The freight car had been literally riddled by the shot. The attack has so terrorized the negroes that " they refuse to work longer for Graves & Beatty. It is thought the attack was instigated by white men who had been discharged by the owners of the plant. DURRANI'S GAUZY DEFENSE, Trying to Fasten the Crime on Anotlie r. SAN FitANCisco, Sept. 13. — A sensational story is published about the defense which will be offered in the trial of Theodore Durrant for the raurclerof Blanche Lament, The statement is credited to a person connected with the defense: "The alibi will be strong, but the defense ha's. witnesses to 'show that Durrant not only did not commit murder, but it will produce evidence to indicate who did. There was 1 more than one implicated in the mur^, der, W itnesses will testify that they saw the girl enter the church on the/ v fatal afternoon with a certain man and at that time a second man was in the church. There the defense will rest its inquiry. It will not attempt to prove that these parties did commit murder. The statements as to this are so direct that they will leave no ground for the prosecution to stand on, so far aa» D.UJV rant is concerned." CUBAN AFFAIRS, NEW YORK, September 1],— T}ie World's Havana special says; is a ' report about town that ?v battle has been, fought ' in 1 Principe and that the Spamsh been defeated and the ca by tfte insurgents, who entered, the capital I4,ooo strong. • ' ' ' "• HAVANA, Cuba, September l^^ insurgents have burned the vil%fl San Juande Amavo, in the prpyince Santa Clara, twenty'fpuy mile*}' from." Sagua LIP, Frande, » Jian'^jspnje resort, celebrated fo? jts . waters, a n4 hare des^rpyeci railway, " HAVANA, Sept, 15.— TUe Trece^as arrived, with of h , ,_ *9 the punier of seventy-'tijfee} and. ?,QOO W e,n, A }ie»r ' has been apoQrde4 them.,

What members have found on this page

Get access to

  • The largest online newspaper archive
  • 11,200+ newspapers from the 1700s–2000s
  • Millions of additional pages added every month

Try it free