Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on April 5, 1946 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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*Vl|l(" i* $K '• V /V*. V r- ii i*^****^^ HOPt STAR, MOM, ARKANSAS h^K/tn t ^/S>'.'y*f^'K3Ull^i^!'^^^t?^ Execution of Homma Is Confirmed 6y"WAYNE RICHARDS Manila, April 3 —(/P) —Lt. Gen. Masaharu Homma, a black - hood over his head and a white target over his heart, died before ;i U. S. army firing squad early this morning, calm and silent to the end. The stocky Japanese, who was General MacArthur's foe in the 1942 battle of the Philippines, died for ordering the death march on Bataan and condoning widespread atrocities in the Philipines. The execution took place at Los Banos, 20 miles south of Manila, at about 1 a.m. It was there that Lt. Gen. Tomoyuki Yaninshitu had U-DO Laundry "Makes Wash Day Easy" (OPEN 7 A. M. to 5 P. M. DAILY) 1. Machines, Soap, Starch Furnished . . . Customer Does Own Washing . . . 60c per hour. 2. We Do Washing . . . Customer Takes Home to Dry . . . 6c per Ib. Attendanr.on Hand to Teach Operation of Machines. Phone 51 1 for Appointment (or 1054 after hours) 206 East Ave. B been hnnged in disgrace. Homma had headed the Japanese in Victory in the Philippines — Yama- shiia in defeat. Thirty minutes after Homma died, Lt. Gen. Hikotnro Tajimn was hanged for the atrocity slaying of three American naval fliers in May. 1944. Without perceptible emotion, Homma strode to the execution scene between an escort formed in double ranks. A chaplain walked iwith him. j Homma stood silent, his arms 'bound behind him, its the officer Jin command read the charge, lind- | ing and sentence. i The conqueror of Bataan and 'Corregidor was convicted by an ;American military tribunal in Ma- jnila Feb. 11. The United States su- ipieme court rejected an appeal j trom the death sentence, and a i few weeks later General MacAr- i thur upheld the tribunal's act, ; declaring he could "find no circumstances of extenuation" after a full study of the case. A short time before MacArthur announced his decision, Homma's wife visited the Allied commander at his Tokyo headquarters. She did not appeal for the life of her husband, but said his death "would be a great loss to the world." Today, Mrs. Homma was reported ill of typhus in Tokyo Imperial University hospital. The Hominas' daughter. Michiko, told Kyodo news agency: "The news of the execution of my father took a weight off my mind as I have pitied (grieved because of- father's irritation in awaiting execution." CANDIDATE FILES Little Rock, April 3 —Wj— Carlton Harris of Pine Bluff today iilcd a corrupt practices pledge as a candidate for prosecuting atorney for the llth judicial district. Harris served three terms in the state House of Representatives and 'recently was discharged from the marines. Incumbent Henry Smith has announced he will not seek re- MEALS TASTE BETTER WHEN YOU SERVE BLUE RIBBON BREAD GROCERS and CITY BAKERY Charge Soviet Agents Stir Up Kurds By JOSEPH C. GOODWIN Tehran, April 1 (Delayedi —(/D— A Kurdish chieftain said today Russian technicians had arrived at Saujbulagh (Mchabad) in northwestern Iran to train Kurdish tribesmen for what he termed fl "general drive to free Kurdistan." A former Kurdish member of Iran's parliament declared in Hamadan that "Kurds of Iran, Turkey, Iraq and Syria, meeting at Mcha- bad, have proclaimed ;i new and greater Kurdish state" centered at the Iraq oil city of Mosul. Neither of these informants could be identified by name. The chieftain, who said his life would be in danger if his presence in Tehran was disclosed, said the military forces of Ghazi Mohammed, the head of a recently proclaimed "independent Kurdish republic" seated at Saujbulagh, had "obtained 20 tanks, four trucks and a number of mortars from ii Russian unit in Myiyandaub," northwest of Saujbulagh. (A Tehran dispatch filed earlier and received in New York yesterday quoted a Kurdish chieftain as saying Russian troops were withdrawing from Miyandaub.) The chieftain, who claims to lead 14,000 mounted riflemen and who said he came here directly from 1 councils with Ghazi Moham- I mod and Mullah Mustafa, Iraqi Kurdish leader outlawed by the Iranian government, asserted in an interview that Iranian, Iraqi and Turkish Kurds were represented among the tribesmen conducting the present "preliminary actions" against Iranian army garrisons at Sardasht, Banch and Saqquz. His interview with the Associated Press was arranged through an American friend of the chief who has lived in Kurdistan 20 years. Russian Kurds and former officers in the Iranian Army are aiding in training the "regular" army of a thousand men at Saujbulagh, he said. An Iranian general staff officer told newsmen previously that "individuals speaking the Azerbaijan Turkish dialect" had been noted among the tribesmen attacking the three western frontier, outposts. The former Iranian parliament member who told at Hamadan of the formation of a greater Kurdish state said Mullah Mustafa of the Barzani tribe was elected its head. Deputy chiefs, he said, are Ghazi Mohammed and Mohammed Rachid Khan, outlasved Irnian Kurdish leader. Mosul, the third city of modern Irq, lies on the right bank of the Tigris river opposite the site of ancient Nineveh 230 miles north- northwest of Baghdad and 75 miles south of the junction of the frontiers of Iraw, Syria and Turkey. o About 90 per cent of the total weight of the earth's atmosphere lies within 12 miles of the surface, each year larger than the State of New York. Thursday, April 4, 1946 This Curious World By William Ferguson WHERE INFLATION H6LRS/ . _. „ INFLATE THEM SELVES WITH AIR WHEN ATTACKED, AND CAN BE EATEN ONLY WITH DIFFICULTY AS THEY BOB ABOUT OM THE SURFACE LIKE A TOY BALLOON. HOW WOULD YOU BE TRAVELING IF 7 YOU WE NT ON STATE OF OREGON WENT TO ONE OF HER OLDEST FAMILIES FOR A STATE PLOWEE, THE OReeON GRAPE/ FOSSIL LEAVES OF THE PLANT SHOW THAT IT HAS INHABITED THE REGION FOR MORE THAN 30,000,000 corn. i3<6 nv NE* SERVICE. INC ' T. M. REG. U. 5. PAT. OtF. ANSWER: You'd be walking Aim to Price Rise on Clothes j By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH Washington, April 3 --(.'I')— Gov election. The llth district includes Jefferson, Lincoln and Dcsha counties. Masters Tourney Thursday By CHICK HOSCH A Ga., April 3 (/T)—A • *" •.•*•»• «t, *•""» J nvi ii ,j (.'( f VIU V- /XU&LIMtl, \jttl, , /\1 crnment officials said today. Eco-j select field of the nation's best nomic Stabilizer Chester Bowles I golfers teed off for a final prac- may order Secretary of Agricul- i tice round today before starting ture Anderson to approve a regula-Uhe tenth $10,000 Master's tourna- Uon designed to check 'rising cot- ! mcnt here tomorrow. Ion clothing prices. The 72-holc event, not held since these oncials, in a position lo 11942, brings the professionals' cur- know but who 'asked anonymity, I rent winter lour to a close and pits said Bowles plans lo do this unless | the game's most able contenders Anderson decides soon to approve against each other over the tough the measure voluntarily. C,BOO-yurd National Golf club lay- Drawn up by OPA nearly three -"' weeks ago on instructions from Bowles, it would require higher dosvn payments on cotton sold for later delivery. iuw UA - iL . AilIli ayl - t The purpose. Bowles has said, is jledo. Nelson is the defending i check speculation in cotton, |champion and one of the tourna- - ment's two double-winners and, Washington 'Quads 7 Broken by Death Longview, Wash., April 3 — (/P)— The excitement over the quadruplets born in nearby Kclso was dampened by the death of one of Hie tiny babies shortly before midnight last night. The infant boy, listed only as"C" on the hospital birth chart, was the third-born of the three boys and one girl. Earlier in the evening, he had been reported as "very weak," and plans were made to pliiee him in a separate incubator. Attendants at St. John's hospital here, say the remaining three children have a "pretty good" chance to survive. The quadruplets wore born yesterday to Mrs. Leo Pierce, whose husband was killed a month ago in a mill accident. Hospital attendants said Mrs. Pierce was recovering, but also was weak. There were twins in the Tierce family before the quads arrived and their grandmother, Mrs. Orpha Schlarl) of Long-view, said multiple births were nothing new in the family. "I have three sets of twins among my 33 grandchildren," she said, "but I certainly thought it was time to stop when the doctor kept saying 'here's another! and another! and another!" The physician, Dr. Thomas C. Hcrren, admitted he was surprised, saying he had expected twins. The births were at his private hospital in Kclso and the mother and babes later were moved to the larger hospital here. The largest was the first born, ti boy weighing three pounds, seven ounces. Next came the girl, weight three pounds, three ounces, in en two more boys — three pounds two and a half ounces and two pounds, nine ounces, respectively. Mrs. Pierce has had an income from industrial insurance since her husband's death, with added medical care. The Long Bell lumber Company told her last night it would assume additional maternity costs . Record High Production for Civilians Washington, April a — (/Pi—President Truman said today thai production tor civilians is "higher ioday lhan ever before in the nation's history, in war or in peace, and is still going up." Employment, wnich slumped after V-J day, is "building up steadily, and non-agricultural employment is now above the V-Day level," Mr. Truman said in a slalc- ment issued at his news conference. "Unemployment is around I),000,000, which is lower than any of us thought possible six months ago." me statement continued "Private wage and salary payments, which dipped sharply after V-J day. are now around the V-J day level." "The public debt, which necessarily grew to give us our airplanes and guns, lias ;iol stopped rising and our revenues and expenditures arc more nearly in balance." The signing of wage contracts in many basic industries indicates the country is ready for unbroken production, the statement asserted. But, when asKcd what effect a long-continued coal strike would have on the picture, Mr. Truman leplicd lhal a prolonged coal shutdown would knock the whole thing out. The steel strike, he told the reporters, cost the n ition about 7,000.000 tons of .steel products or one-nirilh of a full vear's production. The president's statement was issued in connection with the release of a civilian pi oduction ro- porl by Reconversion Director John VV. Snydcr, saving output had reached ils highest level in history. "Normal weather" is only ;\ man-made standard, usually an average over arbitrary periods of about 35 years. Ghandi Confers With British Liberty Mission New Delhi, April 3 —(A 1 )— Mohandas K. Gandhi conferred with the Uritlsh cabinet mission for 85 minutes today and emerged saying A ."good wishes to the British fitter^ they quit India, mid before they quit." The cabinet mission is seeking a formula for nldian independence. Jawaluirlul Nehru, former president of the All-India Congress Party, said in an interview that n delay in solving India's problem would spring an upheaval. out. Interest settles primarily on the impending duel between Ben Hogan of Hershcy. Pa., and his fellow ex-Texan, Byron Nelson of Toto check speculation in which he contends has been major factor in forcing up prices of cotton clothing. Bowles ordered cotton ir.-.rgins boosted after leading cotton exchanges had refused to do so voluntarily. But some cotton-state senators. - , while Hogan has never beaten him here, the little Hershcy pro is rated the favorite. Hogan, the year's leading money winner, has consistently outplayed Nelson during the past two months and beat him in an _ uuivwit -J Ml tVi -3>_ I I U IU I O , UIIll I-/U11 I III I I I 111 (HI (J^* opposed to the order, contended [match at Atlanta Sunday, that under the price control acl ' ' ' ' ' the measure could not be put into effect unless approved by Ancler- """ And they reportedly urged cabinet officer to block the son the A iration order by refusing to sign it. Anderson took the position that his signature was not required and said in an interview several days ago that the Agriculture Dcparl- mcnt "will not be involved" in ordering the higher payments. Both OPA and Bowies' legal aides agreed wilh the senators that Ihc order would nol be valid without Anderson's signature. Officials said the attorney general's office has backed up this stand. Anderson thus far, it was understood, has refused to sign the order without a directive from Bowles requiring him to do so. With a directive, officials said, he would be relieved to some extent from pressure of Congress members who want the order killed. -o— Yankees Untouched ^Mexicans HoustonTTex., April 3 — (UP The New York Yankees, who have , .nut;.., ilaycd their last three games prac- 'Febru icaliy in the Mexican League's >ackyard, reported today Ihey had jol received a single offer from he lucrative Latins and wouldn't .ccept one if they did. A check of the Yankee roster re- •calcd that even the border-line (layers, who may be shipped out o farm teams before the season larls, would rather stick in the Yankee larni chain wilh a future -•nance of playing in the "house hat Ruth buill" rather than loin he house of Pnsquel, which sup- Mies most of the million dollar backing for the Mexican league hibition Just about everybody concerned is expecting a new record score to be set this year surpassing the 270 iow set by Ralph Guldahl -if Chicago in 1939. Thai score is jusl ninc-unuer par for Ihc rolling, wooded layout, but has withstood three assaults. In the three events held since, 280 was low each time. While Ihe course is in perfect condition, containing only 28 bunkers and what many contestants describe as the best greens possible, low scores have been • ararily. Of the combined 442 scores, only 41 are under par for Ihe nine years, ten jusl being onc-undcr. Considered as prime contenders arc Frank Stanahan of Toledo and Carry Middlccotf of Memphis, who dcfealed Nelson and Hogan in a match here last week one up; Sammy Snead of Hot Springs, Va., who won last month at Jacksonville, Fla., and Greensboro, N. C.; Jimmie Dcmarot of Houston, Texas, who won at Tucson, Ariz., in February and teamed with Hogan lo lake Ihc Miami 4-ball match; and Bob Hamilton of Chicago who won al Charlotte Sunday. Olher darkhorscs are Lloyd Mangrum of Los Angeles, who recently returned from overseas; Sam Byrd of Detroil, though he hasn't won since he coped the Mobile, Ala., open last November, and Ray Mangruin of Los Angeles, who beat Hogan in a playoff at Pensacola in Commenting on the Pasciucl irolncrs' snub of the talent-laden Yankee squad, club officials Mississippi Legislature to Adjourn Jackson, Miss., April 3 — (/P) — Wilh only ihrcc days left in which to put both ils houses in order for final adjournment and with controversial fraternity and insurance bills at the top of the calendar, Ihe Mississippi legislalurc was furious lariKce squad, club officials ex [sssspp egsaurc was urous- Jlained that the generally high sal-l ly ,; ut V ork tocl£ >y' aries plus the prestige thai goes i Hcaclln g the House calendar is vilh being a Yankee presents -i a measure banning high school and carrier that the Pasquels' bankroll J 1 " 1 ' 01 ' college fraternities. A House would have a bad time breaking '-•ommittco has stiffened the Sen- down. ate version by removing a provis- down. The players, meanwhile, con^ i ^ v . u , 'tiv.tinvvujnj t UIJI1- .inucd on their merry way by Jac- ng Houston of the Texas' League 10 to f). yesterday. Little Phil Ri z l /uto s iirst home run of the spring season, a lusty clout over the left ate version by removing a provision pel-milling school aulhorities to allow the organizations to continue for three years provided they take in no new members. The Senate is scheduled lo lake up first a scries of bills regulating insurance affairs, including one to safeties in 20 times at bat ' 32 Giants Survive Raids Daylona Beach Fla April 3 — ' icld fence with two men on : *"""• *-'"~~ *i**n«*^, jin-mum^ UUL.- u .ouched off a six-run rally in u, a j establish '' casua lly rating bureau, eighth inning to cinch the game i Tncy have t)ccl1 Passed by the Joe DiMaggio continued his phc-! ,nL sc> ',T lomcnal hiting with a double and ! ' " ousc -' yesterday passed and :i single to boost his record to 14 ' sent to t!lL ' Senate a bill lo reserve --••-•='- - ^ to the stale one-half of Ihc- usual one-eighth non-participating royalty interest in minerals on land ^ _ v _ ..j,,, ^ : sold by the stale for laxcs. Cover-"— The New' York CiaYi'is" -11- i nor rrhornas L - Bailey favored the rived in the Brooklyn Uodgers' ! measure ' camp today with a squad of 32 survivors of a 50-day raid by talent scouts of the Mexican league. Manager Mel OU nominated Pitcher Bill Voixelle to start in today's game against the Dodgers. After another game against Brooklyn tomorrow, the Giants will Jerusalem, April 3 — (UP) — torn- rmvM [ r, M a > al ' ns l"' - j™nB British troops captured 29 armed ou c-niputu north Ihe Dodgers men and one woman in a skirmish • ,„ ,1 t , bc ; a , tJ ". H fi ;° Jn theh-Uoday after aerial reconnaissance w.Vin.-^ M IX>al . Ko >' als ' 'showed a Jewish force approaching yeste day us Negro Jackie Kobin-! the Tel Unis British military camp, son toi.ncctcd for two singles, stole Authorities said two of the cap- 29 Armed Rebels Are Captured in Jerusalem Fight The North American bull snake makes n loud bellowing sound like distanl thunder. dressed like Arabs blew up three bridges, interrupting rail traffic to Egypt and Syria. An Arab constable was reported killed and four British soldiers injured. When you l)\iy Mornllno. o- trnlellRl Ji'lly. You Rfl nualils nntl quantity. Inn. In this bouao- hold did. Smithing drew- UIK to minor burns—cuts, WIDE, TOUGH TREAD DESIGN FOR SAFER YEAR-ROUND DRIVING Why do Esso Dealers sell ATLJSLlires? T HE business and reputation of Esso Dealer Stations hnvo boon built on high quality products and high quality scm'ct' for your car. When expansion of that .service called for tires at Es'io Dealer Stations...those tires had to match the other quality standards they had built their business on. The ATLAS Tire is IT... and Standard Oil stands behind it. It is built of tested quality materials and with the best equipment known. It is specially des'iKiicd to give exceptional long mileage and evenness of wear ...and it is proved by 25,700,000 ATI.AH Tirea already sold over a span of 16 years. The ATLAS Tire is backed by one of the broadest written warranties on any tire. It is backed by on-the-spot, on-the-road service at 33,000 sales and service stations, coast to coast, iael'idin;,' Canada. Esso Dealers sell ATI.AH Tires to round out their service to the modern motorist... will- the tire that tuakes good on the road! DEAUR ^ .. , Make your The Sign of "Happy Motoring" "**' tircs ATLAS All yours in your New Atlas Tires.,. these important long-service features! EXTRA TOUGHNESS WIDE, ROAD-PROVI-Jl PERFORMANCE ' [pp BROAD TIRE-LJ|E WARRANTY COUNTRY-WIDE SERVICING A DEPENDABLE NAME Although now tiros nro iitfnin nvailnlile, UK; demand is still gnNtl. If your Ksso Dealer doesn't havo vno :;i/i- Atlas Tiro you need in slock, placo your order for delivery as soon as possible. And remember, coro saves wear ... so plan now «o let your Esso D'aler cha'nga your old oil, lubricate the chassis, help protect your car for lha days of "Happy Motoring" ahead! L'ulJi.laiC. K STANDARD OIL COMPANY - -- . ,. ., .^ .j,, , j-,-n_ .1, VJ H^IL a base and b..orcd a run. Ferrell Andc-rson_ also contributed two homer lured were wounded seriously and 12 others slightly. limely Monlreal blows!' and a triple-. n,. Ir i so " 10 I 3t "; a ? il jc . i" SLlc -'ts, sev- l {ummy°"giiiis" cighl"rifles', seven euil hundred individuals may: pistols and 48 grenades hatch out from or.t single egg. " An official statement said. Jews . The British were reported to have seized from the Jews two Bren guns, five Sten guns, two OF NEW JERSEY Willis 1 Esso Station & Tire Shop G. J. Willis Third & Hazel Sts. Phone 706 Hope, Ark. TARPLEY'S ESSO SERVICE Conveniently Located Third and Laurel Sis. Hope, Ark. Reliable Service • Reasonable Prices Telephone 777 Coleman's Esso Station Joe C. Coleman Telephone 187 Third & Hervey Sts. Hope, Ark. If It's Happy Motoring You Want, See Uf- (I Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H. Washburn Is This a Liberal Project or 'Muscling in' Job? A friend working "on the other side of the fence"—thai is, for a private power company—writes me a warning note about the Southwestern Power Administration's proposal to build a 200-million-doll «ir tax-financed public power sys torn. The Washington agency, he says, "is asking this expenditure of taxes on the grounds that it wants to sell power to municipally-owned plants, and yet is not publicizing the fact that any city or town contracting to purchase this power places itself under the dictatorship of the bureau." He goes on to point out that whal the SPA proposes is to do like TVA: Sell power to municipal plants, but make them resell it to consumers at v5PA-fixod rales—so low that municipal plants couldn't earn enough for city benefits such as paving, city government,and local promotions. My correspondent reports tha North Little Rock, which has municipal power plant, already has adopted a resolution opposing SPA >/ .Granted that this is true it be hooves the Hope city government to look into the matter also. People who live in cities will municipal plants believe in theni But this looks like a federal scheme to "muscle in" not only on a gooc thing but to take actual possessioi of all municipal plants. For when you take control ovei the rate-fixing authority you have effectively taken control of th plant itself. This is new light shed on ai . audacious federal raid against the :"J authority «nd property ot city gov crnmcnts, and if the facts are true the raid should be summarily halted. • * * * By JAMES THRASHER The Dispossessed By what are called civilize of a place to set up housekeeping. It was shy on tppsoil and altitude, standards, Bikini Atoll wasn't much and there was always the possibility ot a tidal wave sweeping inhabitants aVid dwellings into the v sea. But most Blkinians probably would echo the sentiment of the elderly and diffident resident of the Waldorf-Astoria who said to an out-of-town friend, as'they entered the lobby, "It isn't much, but I call U home." The natives were used to the place. They tolerated its vagaries and appreciated its comforts, ' Now they arc gone, bag and baggage. We have boon looking at the pictures takon just before their : departure. The people' appca'red •;» confused and unhappy,, from King Juda on down ,to the bree.ch;'cjo'utcd infants, . . . J •'_ ' » And as we looked at/, them,- we had the uncpmforlable- feeling that their expression" could b9come typical of the atomic, ago, unless the world's leadqr.S acquire quickly and pemymcntly t ,rriorojjgood sense than .any world,-'leaders-'have shqw.u be_. .i'fprc. ,°"-'r J .^A : -'". *'' : "'•' 1 •'.,•'" 'Fpr t tt>e- Bilkinians are the first nprtrilo J'r» ll(^ 1; t1Vit'nnl nH nnrl rlicnnc. Hope .?•• WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Fair this afternoon, and tonight; slightly warmer tonight, Saturday partly cloudy. ;u 47TH YEAR: VOL 47—NO. 147 Star of Hooe, 1899; Press. 1927, Consolidated January IB. 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, APRIL 5, 1946 (AP)—Means Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newsoaoer Enteroriss Assn. PRICE 5c COPY Coal Strike Paralyzing Steel, Autos By UNITED PRESS Gen. MacArthur Appeals for Patience in Long and Hard i ** • _••'.' •' Job of Reorganizing Japan By C. R CUNNINGHAM Tokyo, April B - (UP), Gen. people and dispos- sesseH by Ihe : alomic bomb. They ,,were lucky, of course. They didn'l • see Ihc bomb coming, but those who did were kind enough lo come and explain ihc situation carefully then lake Ihem by Ihe hand and lead Ihem away lo safely. The rosl of Ihe world will not be so fortunate, unless both war and the atomic bomb .are oullawed through agreements of mutual sincerity and good will. If war should ever threaten again, Iherc would be no advance warning for Ihe people of Detroit, Calcutta, Vladivostok or wherever. The Bikinians' uneasy if expression—the knit brows «Hu apprehensive eyes— would become a sorl of universal mask. The earlh's billions would cast about them In cold desperation for a place of safety. First the dwellers in the likely target cities, then everyone. And there would be no place lo go, It is significant thai these early victims of the atomic age lived on thai handy ano? hardy symbol of escapism, a South Sea isle. On such an isle, palm-fringed, sun^warmed and sea-girdled, where ^levered cfforl and franlic competition were oullawed, people used lo dream of "getting away from But the Bikinians. were gelling away from something specific. Their remote, insignificant strip of coral is now charted on maps and minds as Ihe No. 1 danger spot of dry land on the face of the globe. If the Ihreal of war should grow with the progress of science, every piece of land on this planet Jf;ould conic to enjoy Bikini's temporary and dubious distinction. With a force thai knows no earlhly bounds carried in a missile which knows no limils of dislance or localion (and Ihis would surely arrive) safely would be an eventual possibility. There is only one escape—' in the hearls and minds of Ihe political and military leaders who ma~ke the decision and guide the destinies of their fellow creatures in this alleged age of the intelligent, emancipated, and individualistic man. State's Special Taxes Hit Total of 15 Millions Little Rock, April 5 —(/Pi— Revenue Commissioner Otho Cook reported the collodion of $15,104,731.96 in Arkansas special laxes during the first three months of 1946. This was more than $4,000,- OQQ above that collected during the tfSrrcsponding period in 1945, he said. A partial paralysis spread over he steel and nulomotivc Industries oday as a result of the coal mine strike. In other labor disputes, an agreement was reached to end the 150- day walkout against Ihc Hale & Towne Lock Co. al Slamford, Conn., and a settlemenl \yas rcporled near in Ihe strike against International Harvester Co, Ncgolialions lo sclllc the strike of 4uU,UUU soft coal miners were stymied as the walkout entered its fifth day. Only a slrong protest from government mediator Paul Fuller nrcvented President John L. Lewis of the Uniled Mine Workers, (AFL), from withdrawing from the conferences. Nearly 700,000 workers were idle in strikes across the counlry. In olher major development: 1. The slalc of New Jersey seized and began operaling nine gas plants to prevent a strike which would have shut off service lo 3, 000,000 users. 2. Allcmpls failed lo settle slreel- car and bus slrikes in Dclroil and Akron, O. 3. Three-lhousand striking workers prepared to return to work al Ihe Iwo Indianapolis planls of the Link-Belt Co., world's largest manufacturer of power transmission chains. The sinkers acccpled a 16- ccnl hourly wage increase. Steel mills in the Pitlsburgh and Chicago production areas already were banking furnaces because of the coal shortage, and heavy industries faced curtailment of steel iupplies. The automotive industry's ilccl supplies already were below normal as Ihe result of steel strikes. ' Ford was forced to reduce pro- duclion' by 20,000 unils Ihis week ind Hudson suspended production sccause of a strike against Mid- and steel at Cleveland, O. In the New Jersey gas dispute, jov. Walter E. Edge invoked an onti-slrikc law. passed cighl days ago lo seize the utilities. Strikers Belonging to six independent unions walked off the job at midnight, listened lo officials read Ihe governor's executive order, and went back lo work. Al Washington, a conference was recessed without completing the work on a new contract to end the 74-day strike by 30,000 employes ol Inlcrnational Harvester. The com pany and the Uniled Farm Equip- menl Workers, (CIO), were report ed, in .agrcemenl, however, on al major issues including an 18-cenl hourly increase. Selllement of Ihc Yale Lock strike which began Nov. 7, 1945 ended in the longest walkout in Ihe current strike wave. Terms of Ihe settlement were wilhheld pending ratification of Ihe agreement by 3,500 members of the International Association of Machinists, (AFL) At Detroil, striking transit workers rejected Ihe pleas of their union leaders to end a five-day tie- up of Ihc cily-owned streetcar and bus lines. A mass meeting called ay International officials of the union was attended by only half the 5,200 strikers, who booed back-lo- work pleas. uonlurencos lo end Ihe four-day Iransporlalion strike al Akron recessed wilh no progress reported. $302 Given for Cripples by Hempstead Hcmpstcad counlians Ihus far have contributed $302.50 lo the Arkansas Association for Ihe Crippled, Inc., according Ihc Claude Tillery, county chairman. Each Spring the stale associalion conducts ils fund appeal Ihrough Ihe sale of Easier Seals. Wilh Ihc money Ihus raised Ihe association: Finances schools in hospitals where crippled children are cared for. Provides teachers to inslrucl severely handicapped children in their own homes. Furnishes medical care lo Ihe crippled who arc ineligible for Ihe services of any other agency. Buys braces, crutches, artificial limbs and special shoes. i o If you ate like a bard, you'd cat Douglas MacArthur hit back al crilics of his occupalion policy today and urged Ihe Uniled Nalions lo oullaw Ihe right to make war, just as Ihc new Japanese conslilu- lion proposes lo do. The supreme commander told representatives of Russia, Britain and China al the first meeting of the Allied council for Japan that "sharp and ill-conceived" criticism was making his job of rebuilding Japan more difficult. Some criticism of his adminis- Iralion is honeslly inspired but based on ignorance, MacArthur said, while olher crilics seek lo sabolage Ihe occupalion. Slill olhcrs, lacking vision and palience, sec only Ihe desired end wilhoul seeking Ihe means lo reach il, he added. MacArlhur praised Ihe provision in ine proposed Japanese conslllu- lion, sponsored by his headquar- lers, which avows lhal Japan has abolished .ils sovereign righl lo make war. Simullaneous and . universal adoplion of Ihis renunciallon by all members of Ihc Uniled Nalions is Ihe only sure way lo preserve peace and avoid a new war which "may blasl mankind lo perdilion," ic said. The Uniled Nalions Organiza- ion, admirable as is ils purpose, jreat and noble as arc its aims, can only survive to achieve that purpose and those aims if H accomplishes as to all nations just vhat Japan proposed unilaterally o accomplish through this consti- ution — abolish war as a sovereign righl," Ihe general said. MacArlhur made il clear lo Ihc British, Russian and Chinese rep- esenlalives that he considers them only advisors. He said ho would be very happy lo hear their suggestions at any time before he acls. The Russian dclegale, Lt. Gen. Kuzma Derevyanko, immediately took up MacArthur's invitation. He asked the supreme commander 'to warn the Japanese thai Ihe <">ming cleclion on April 10 would tesl Ihcir capabilily lo acccpl grcaler responsibility in the democratic government: Derevyanko also asked MacAr- lhur lo reserve Ihe righl lo check Ihc new Diel members and call il "no eleclion" if Ihose elecled proved unsuilablc. He expressed: fear lhal a "reaclionary group"; had the advanlage over Japan's: "progressive forces" in the voting. 1 Slill another Russian request was for complete information - on the progress of Japanese demobilization and deslruction of military Iran Signs Oil Treaty With Russia By SAM SOUKI •Tehran, April 5 -(U,P)— Russia and Iran today signed n treaty pro viding for eslablishmanl of a joint Russo-Iraninn oil company and evacuation of the Red Army from Iran by May 5. .The document was signed by Premier Ahmed Ghavam and Soviet Ambassador Ivan Sadchikov less than 12 hours after the United: Nations Security Council had temporarily closed its books on Iran's complaint against Russia. The new treaty provides: 1—Agreement "in principle" to establish a Soviet-Iran joint oil company following election of a new. Iranian parliament and removal from the books of a statute which prohibits Iranian officials equipment. '.' ' :. Derevyanko submitted, theft withdrew, a request that future council meetings be closed to .the, press and public. MacArthiir.'.s address had called for all formal sessions to be open. The Russian withdrew his •• proposal after • W. McMahon Ball, the British member, suggested that strictly procedural meetings be in private, with results announced later, and that the meetings be open when major issues were under discussion. MacArthur appointed Maj. Gen. William F. Marquat to set as his deputy in council meetings. Marquat is head of the economic and scientific section of the Supreme Allied Command. The council adjourned until April 17. It will meet at least once eve.ry two weeks thereafter. Parents of Triplets Offer Two of Them for Adoption; Say They Can Afford But One Denver, April 5 —(UP)— A shoe salesman and his wife offered two of their infant triplet daughters for adoption today because "we just can't give them the things they a desire to keep should nave." Torn between their children and inability to give them "a good living," Arthur du Mars and his wife, Marguerite, asked juvenile court authorities to find two of the little girls a home. Sobbing quietly, Mrs. Du Mars, 24 and alraclive, told authorities, she was ill and unable to care for the triplets properly. "I am not strong enough to take them outdoors to play and wash clothes for them at the same time," she said. Du Mars said: "I want with all my heart to Britain and Albania Break Off Relations By R. H.' SHACKFORD New York, April 5 — (UP) — Great Britain's severance of diplomatic "arrangements" with Albania today may set up another bitter United Nations Security Council battle nmon'g' the 'big 'powers to replace -the sevled Iranian case, (Premier Ahmed Ghavam of Iran announced, today that his government had signed a treatv with Russia, reportedly granting the Soviets oil concessions ih^his country.) Albania's application for U. N. membership, supported by the Soviet Union, is pending before the council. It was submitted by Yugo- slava at the London council meeting in January. Great Britain and the United Slates arc opposed to immediate membership for Albania. And Greece, which still is formally at war with Albasia, is violently opposed to admission of that approximately your in food every day. own weight Tojo Family Breaks Up to Dodge Wave of Public Scorn Tokyo, April 5 —(/P)— Former Premier Tojo has broken up his family to spare his sons and daughters the public scorn heaped on him, the newspaper Asahi reported today. In Japan, families are bound by the family register. A person whose name is scratched off is considered out of the family, one whose name is added by aodption is sound to the family as strongly as ay blood relationship. The Tojo's .... „ „— „ have been adopted ,into Uhfe family on their mother's youngest brother, and their names have .been changed to Ito. ' , : The eldest son, an engineer, has established his own family, with a wife and four sons. Tojo's second son has established a -branch similar to that of his eldest sister. The youngest son, 21, still is a member of the premier's family, a- though living with his mother at her native village home. from .discussing oil. , ; 2 •—. Evacuation of Red Army forces within six weeks from March 24. : 3— Recognition of the Azerbaijan autonomy problem as an internal; matter which will be solved by Iran .on.her own. The treaty provides that the oil company will be established with- n {seven months from/March 24. Present Iranian law provides a penalty of eight years in jail for any' official who . discusses the question of oil concessions in any anner. The seven-months period will enable Iran to hold new election which may not be conducted, under Iranian law, until all foreign troops nave evacuated Iranian soil. The term of the former Majlis or parliament ha sexpired and Iran currently is without an elective constitutional body. The treaty was announced by Premier Ahmed Ghavam at 4 a.m. (7 p.m. .EST April 4) today after 48 hours of almost continuous negotia- tion'with Soviet Ambassador Ivan Sadchikov. The composition of the join Sovie-Iran oil company was no im mediately announced but Russia had/proposed that she hold a 51 per; cent stock interest and Iran 49 per cent. The corporation would exploit the oil resources of north ern- Iran. Iti was not immediately indicated whether the security council action on Iran had affected the course of legotiations here. keep my children, but I am unable financially to take care of them and my wife is unable physically to give them the parental care they deserve." Du Mars, who was discharged from the army in 1943 because o£ a nervous condition .sells shoes in a department store. The family lives in a federal housing project. "With my prospects," the father said, "the older I get the less 1 can give them." The three wistful-eyed litle girls — Ardith, Marilyn and Evalie — are 14 months old. The parents said they had decided to keep little Evalie because she had acquired a deep affection for an older sister, Charlene, 3. Mrs. Du Mars said she was willing to split up the three if the other two could be kept together • If the court finds a home for the babies, she said, she believed they should be told when they are older that they are just twins and not told they-have a sister Ihsir same age. tiny Balkan country peace before treaty Greek-Albanian signed. The Russians have shown no sign of pressing for immediate ronsid- eration of Albania's application since the U. S. and Britain succeeded in London in deferring it. But the Soviet Delegate Andrei A. Gromyko, who will return to the council table now that the Iranian case is closed until May 6, can have it placed on the agenda at any time if he can garner six other votes. British officials at U. N. had no official confirmation of London reports that the British military mission in Trana is being withdrawn because of mistreatment by the Albanians and that Britain has notified Albania it has no intention of exchanging diplomatic rep- newspaper reported that two '-youngest daughters resentatives. The British do not believe Albania can fulfill the U. N. charter's requirements for NEA members— "able- and willing to carry out these (the charter's) obligations." Both the British and Americans want to defer the entire question of new members for another few months. Now that the Iranian case is out of the way — at least until May 6, probably — most council Oil Pact Ends Iran-Soviet Dispute By R. H. SHACKFORD New York, April 5 —CUP)— Announcement of a formal agreement between Soviet Russia and Iran on their three major points of contention today was seen as indicating that Ihc Uniled Nalions Securily Council will be able to wipe from its agenda the Iranian case, now shelved until May 6. Security council delegations re- House Seeks Bill Washington, April 5 — (UP>— The House Military affairs committee called a closed meeting today with strong hope of approving before nightfall a bill to extend the draff beyond its present May 15 expira members had con tion. Commitlee ceived the news able reserve but with some consider- members said privately thai all issues involved in ihc case appeared to have been 'resolved by the agreement, announced hi. both Tehran and Moscow.... Meanwhile, Secretary of Slate James F. Byrnes 'turned back to Edward R. Stelinius, Jr., the task of representing the U. S. on the security council and left for Washington by plane at 11:36 a.m., EST, to report lo President Truman de- lails of his efforts which won 'a respite in the Soviet-Iranian crisis. Actually, the settlement achieved at the security council covered flicting-predictions on how long the extension would be but most o. them felt il would be less than the year asked by the administration The army and navy hoped both Houses could complete work on ai extension bill before the Easlei legislative recess lenlalively set to start April 18 or 19. The Senate Military Affairs Com mitee was continuing ils draf hearings bul planned lo vole on a bill Tuesday. Scheduled witnesse today, all opposed to draft exten sion, included representatives of the American Federation of Labor nalional grange, brotherhood o railway Irninmen and religious or ganizalions. The witnesses urged approval o a limiled drafl extension only l enough lo permit Congress 'o de cide on the size of the postwa mihlary eslablishmenl. Fred Bailey, legislalive •••. repre senlalive of Ihe grange, suggeste a 45-day exlension to permit sue! a study. Lewis G. Hines, AFL Ipgislativ representative, said he thought th extension might run for thre months. Army Day to Be Celebrated on Saturday Chicago, April 5 — (/P) — Uncle Sam marshaled forces today to display the nation's military might before President Truman in an Army Day spectacle tomorrow. Army officers, secret service en and city officials made final epa rations for the one-day visit Mr. Truman, accompanied by rs. Truman and their daughter, Margaret, and the army "lop rass." Secretary of War Robert P. Pat erson, General of the Army Ovvight D. Eisenhower, chief of taff; Gen. Carl Spaatz, command- r, army air forces; Gen. "Jacob Devers, commander, army round forces, and Lt. Gen. Leroy .Ailes, commander, army service orces, were all included in the roup to review a great Army Day arade with Mr. Truman. The president planned to leave Vashington by train late today and rrive at Chicago's Union Statior t 9:30 a.m. CST tomorrow. Ad miral William Leahy^ presidentia hief of staff, was due with his larty, and probably Secretary o he Treasury Vinson. Hosts for the day included Demo cratic Mayor Edward J. Kelly anc Republican Gov. Dwight H. Green and' Maj. Gen. Louis A. Craig commanding the Sixth Servic Command. Plans called for a parade of Mr Pruman's party from the Unio tation through the loop to a re viewing stand on Michigan Avenu at the Congress street plaza. Afte .he Army Day parade the pres dent was to have luncheon at th Blackstone hotel, then arrive Soldier Field amid a 21-gun salut 'or a 20-minutes speech at 3 p. rr to be carred by the four majo radio networks. He will return t Washington immediately thereaf members are hoping for a respite only an assurance by Soviet Rus during which to continue organize- sia that its troops would be with- tional work, including the drafting of their rules of procedure. Continued on Page Two rect negotiations two governments, 'Hitler Did It 7 Says Keitel, Disavowing Order to Execute RAF Fliers Who Tried Escape The State Police Say; A little horse-sense added lo Ihe horse-power helps hold acci- denls down. YOU must furnish tire horse-sense to avoid having an accident, By ANN STRINGER Nuernberg, April 5 —(UP) — Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel today attempted lo shifl blame for Ihe execution of escaped .RAF prisoners lo Adolf Hiller, leslifying he did nol even know Ihey had been shol until several days had elapsed. Keitel told the war crimes court that when he heard of the executions, he went, lo Hiller and "told him my opinion in extreme disgust." Vigorously denying that he gave or even transmitted the execution order, he said he did nol alend Ihe conference al Berchlcsgadcn at which the fate of the recaptured prisoners was decided. He learned of Ihc break from Ihe Slalagulfl III one morning, and that 15 of Ihe figulivcs had been re- caplured and returned to the camp. He said it was a "very unpleasant case, since it was the third mass escape in a very brief period." He said he had decided not to mention the escape at a midday orawn from Iran by May 6. The formal agreement, reached in di" " belween the reaffirms Ihis pledge ,bul goes further than thai. Il also provides for formalion of a joinl Soviet-Iranian oil company. The condilions governing such -a company musl be submilled lo the Iranian parliament for approval within a period of seven months dating from March 24. The Iranian parliament had been dissolved early last month and under Iran's constilulion no election could be held while foreign troops were on thai country's soil. Removal of Soviet troops will permit holding of an .election and thus provide for orderly, parliamentary consideration of Ihe oil agreement The Uniled Slales has already in- dicalcd informally lhal il has no objection to any oil concessions which Iran might grant the Soviet 'Union. However, the Brilish have nol been loo happy over such a prospect because of Iheir presenl oil interests in Iran. . „„„_. ,-.- The third point of Ihe agreement cedure was impossible, bul Hiller leaving il up to Iran and Us briefing. But during his regular report Gestapo Chief Heinrich Himmler appeared and personally report -ed the incident. "There was a tremendously excited discussion, and a serious clash between the fuehrer and myself since he raised the most violcnl accusations," Keitel said. "During this healed clash, Hiller stated excitedly that these prisoners of war were not to be returned to the armed forces bul lo Ihe police. I objected, and said this pro er. Secretary Eisenhower Lyle Brown Files for ^ Circuit Judge Litle Rock, April 5 — (ff) —Pro- ecuting -attorney Lyle Brown of lope filed a corrupt practices sledge today as a candidate for circuit judge in 'the Eighth -District ompromised of Clark, Nevada, iempstead, Miller and, Lafayette ounties. The incumbent, Dexter Bush Minimum Wage Bill Killed by Parity Clause By JOHN L. CUTTER Washington, April 5 — (UP)— Senale determination to raise farm • parity prices today put the kiss o£ | death on the administration's minimum wage bill. For the second time within a week the Senate voted last night that the administration-sponsored minimum wage bill should include an amendment forcing a simultaneous raise in the price of farm products. As a. result, Senate leaders: agreed the bill must die in Con- <• grass or face a certain presidential veto. Although they went <• through the formality of continuing to consider and amend the mea- >• sure, they saw no hope of writing » it into law this year. > The farm price amendment —re- • quiring the farm labor costs be in- • eluded "in computing parity prices — was adopted last night : by a * vote of 46 to 38. The. action was a V- surprise'and a setback to a. group* of senators who 'had spent a week devising a compromise .on the in- dustrja,Hwage minimum. The Senate accepted, 76: to 6, their agreement to increase the, minimum wage from 40 cents to 1 60 cents an hour effective nine months after.the act became law. The' real test came later, how ever, on the parity increase "of- fered'by Sen. Richard B. Russell. , D., Ga. It had been approved by a • vote of 43 to 31 a week ago today* over presidential objections. Adof ?exarkana previously had filed for •e-eleclion. Bush has served continuously ince 1929. Brown is completing his second ermi as nrosecuting atorney. He is ^resident of the Prosecuting Attorneys' Association and previously served two terms in the State 3ouse of Representatives from Clark County while a resident of Arkadelphia. Escape-Proof Jail Not Really So ministration economic said it would raise the advisers average family food budget $125 a year. When the Senate reaffirmed its decision on the parity• amendment last night, promoters of the compromise gave up. Sen,. Claude Pepper, D., Fla., who had compromised his original demand for a graduated increase ranging from 05 to 75 cents an hour, pronounced the bill "com. pletely dead." Patterson and Gen. were scheduled for 'ive minute addresses. Fifteen thousand troops, including the famed Fifth (Red Diamond) Infantry Division will be in the Eive-miie-long ^parade down Michigan avenue, along with tanks, self propelled guns, weapon carriers, artillery engineers, signal corps units, parachute infantrymen and army bands. Overhead, meantime, 165 army airplanes will display the nation's aerial might, including B29 Super- fortresses, Mustangs, transport ships, medium and light bombers, alack planes and at least one P- .W_ash,ingtoa.:. . special five-man board tried to find out what had happened to 1 . Washington's "escape proof" jail today as the search for Earl McFarland, fugitive snood slayer, fanned out over a half dozen states. The investigating board was named by .the house committee for the District of Columbia after McFarland and Joseph B. Medley, 44, both sentenced to die lor murder, made a leisurely gel-away after locking their card-playing guard in their death row cells. Medley was dragged out of a section of drainage pipe near the prison only seven hours after the escape. But police were unable to trace the handsome 25-year - old McFarland from the time the pair 80 Shoting Star Dayton, Ohio. jet plane from gave a stern order that Himmlcr and 1 were to 'retain these prisoners — hang on to them, don't give them up'." He said Hitler did not giv« the execution order in his presence, but "the thought that they would be shot during an 'escape' was on my conscience." After the prisoners were shot, Keitel said, Hitler ordered notices of the execution posted in the camp "to scare the other prison- northern province of Azerbaijan to work out the question of autonomy for Azerbaijan, apparently removes the most troublesome complaint which the Iranians had made to the security council. Iran had charged that Soviet activity in Azerbaijan was infringing on Iran's sovereignty. Union Says Railroads Are Dodging Chicago, April 5 —(/P)— Counse for two railroad brotherhoods to day told an emergency fact fine ing board thai railroad manage merit had answered the union r quest for improved rules by "put ling up 29 proposals as decoys lo be shol al or Iraded." Ray T. Miller, counsel for brotherhoods of railroad trainmen and me locomotive engineers, declared in labor's closing arguments before the board that "Ihese carrier proposals conslitule no parl of Ihe emergency issue before Ihis board." The board completed its hearing of evidence yesterday of demands by the brotherhoods, who asked for a 25 percent wage increase wilh a minimum of $2.50 a day and the changes in working rules for their 250,000 members. "No countenance will be given to the decoys of the railroads; we will not stand for a backward step," Miller asserled. "If the railroads insist upon any of these proposals being forced on the employes, the employes will never sland for il and will nol work under sucn condi- lions. "II would be a signal for a na- lionwidc slrike," Ihc labor counsel said. He contended Ihc demand for wage increases was the result of . conditions developed since the un- jion wage demands of 1943 and rep- Band Auxiliary to Hold Important Meeting 9:30 Tonight There will be a special call meeling of Ihe Band Auxiliary al Hope High school auditorium tonight, immediately after Ihe Junior class play, for Ihe purpose of vol- •ing on a particularly important question. .All band parents are urged to allend, falhers as Russia Says U.S. Crowding in on Iceland . ' By M. 8., HANDLER * \ VJVIqsflOwf^.prtV' 5 —'>CUP* i ->Th6 ! -«Russian press charged today that American, ; forces* in Iceland, seeking permanent military bases con- traty lp!'ti-eaty obligations, are buying'up large, tracts of land and advising sellers'to keep quiet about the deals, |, f Moscow newspapers launched ,a , campaign against American policy, in Iceland and^ "Anglo-Saxon pbl-)>j. icy in general 'ground the world in i the same editions reporting the United Nalions Securily Council postponement of the Soviet-Iranian issue until May 6. 1 The government organ Izvestia quoted at length from Danish and Swedish newspapers attacking alleged American attempts U> dig in __„ ..„ „— ° n Icela »3 and secure permanent lei themselves out of a jail ventila- b . ase . s contrary to treaty provi : tor wilh a can opener. ' ' ft,'-i* ' A They doggedly ran down reports, however, tnat the exMarine had been seen in various places in the nearby Maryland countryside, in Cleveland and Baltimore as well as several other cities.. There was some belief he might try to stow away to another country. The home of his former wife at New Bern, N. C., also was being watched. The getaway was the fifth at the prison since last Nov. 24 when five prisoners walked out leading to an investigation of the administration of prisons superintendent Howard B. Gill. This lime, however, the irate dis- Iricl committee named Rep. F. Edward Herbert, D., La., to head an investigation of district prisons. Helping him will be Reps. J. M. Combs, D., Tex., Oren Harris, D., Ark., Joseph P. O'Hara, R., Minn., and Sid Simpson, R., 111. I * sions. Today's PORTER FOUND DEAD Malvern, April 5 —(/P)— Pullman Company officials today were in- vesligaling Ihe death of a Negro pullman porter whose body was thers. For who don't play, the lime of Ihe band mecling has been set for 9:30 p.m.. well as mo-i found ear.'" yesterday morning be- Ihe benefit of those expect to attend the side the Missouri Pacific tracks about six miles south of Malvern. The Negro was idenlified as Felix Banks, 28, of Forl Worth, Tex. Byrnes lefl for Washington wilh resented "agitalion for 25 years." no further intention of returning o soon to the council table unless the DDT has been known since "" " be 1874, but did not have its first commercial application unjil 1939. Iranian issue should suddenly revived. Greatest Tragedy Facing Greece Is Flight of Youth, Tired of Politics, Fear, War outburst climaxed a By HAL BOYLE ©— invest their vouth and brains in a Athens, April 5 — (/P) — War-[tormented small country which for bowed Greece faces one of the geographical reasons they feel can greatest unseen disasters thai can I never be more lhan a football be befall any nation — the flight of 1 ' ~~ ' ~" her talenled sons lo happier lands. Many of her ablest and most ambitious young men are soberly asking themselves whether they should remain in this ago-'vcary litle country that has become a Balkan fulcrum between Russia and Britain or emigrate to newer nations where they believe their abilities will have freer play. They are tired of power politics Iween major powers seeking control of the Mediterranean. They are patriotic but verging on hopelessness. "If 1.200 trained men in different lields emigrated they would cripple Greece for a generation," one young specialist told me. "It has happened before in our history and it may happen again now. I go I ai other countries where I feel I and and living always on the brink of. my family would fare better. And fear and feel Ihey can build elsewhere beller careers for themselves and a larger life for their families. They want fresh intellectual frontiers. Thev want to leave behind I am afraid- I will have to take one of ihem. "Our country is cursed now with growing trend in the Soviet press to devote more and more attentibn lo whal il regards as manifesla- lions of American "imperialism." Izvestia's.' Observer, laking up and amplifying complainls against the continued American occupation of Iceland, said ''the U. S. command was quietly purchasing- big tracls from Icelandic farmers; offering Ihem high prices if they would keep quiet. I/vestia said Ihe land was being boughl near Kleflavik air field and Ihe Khaval Ford naval bases. The newspaper quoled Ihe Swedish Af> tonbladets as saying: "On the -one hand the Americans talk about high ideals in politics, but on the other hand they miss no opportunity to capture positions by making use of their political might." •; Need Wheat to Avert Famine London, April 5 — M 1 )— Herbert Hover s'aid today that famine is "inevitable" in Europe unless America and other large wheat producing countries immediately ship all available food supplies. Reporting to the emergency food conference here on the results of a personal survey ol Europe, Hoover declared that "hunger sits 'at the table thrice daily in hundreds jof millions of homes." The American people, under the leadership of President Truman, already have responded generously to the call for a drastic reduction in their consumption of bread stuffs and fals, Hoover declared. "We shall scrape the bottom of the barrel," he added. The honorary chaiunun of President Truman's famine emergency commitee said his inspection of European areas had disclosed that suffering from lack of proper diet was greatest among children and adults in urban areas. He estimated that 5,000,000 tons of cereals a month and additional shipments of fats were needed in Europe politics. But if we struct our country, government it has is of no cannot recon- exceedjr what kind of ' lo avert "disaster." m. thai infant mortality 20 them the 'old cynicisms, old blood i meaning. feuds and outworn antagonisms. He and other young men slill Ihriving afler centuries of checkerboard military moves. Particularly many are impatienl of Greece's preoccupation with political problems al a lime when she is still bleeding from un- staunched war wounds. Some doubt whether it is worthwhile to him think that food, clothing and percent a year "is nn indication of slow famine," real I Hoover asserted that rehabilitation | of children "cannot be postponed, like until some other day." shelter — problems of raising the Greek standard of living "The world cannot hale children, even of the enemy," he said. "Our more significant than, any polilical queslion such as whether Greece should become a republic or re- lurn King George I to the throne. Continued on Page Two are I children must live in the same world with them." It is possible to read a newspaper in the light produced by the lantern fly of Costa Rica.

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