Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on April 4, 1946 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Thursday, April 4, 1946
Page 1
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M§6 SIX MOPE STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS *, y Chastising of Bolters Old Party Issue By JACK STINNETT Washington — The problem v^ how to discipline political party bolters—mugwumps—is bid as selves. , When of almost as political parties them- Democratic Secretary of U-DO Laundry "Makes Wash Day Easy" (OPEN 7 A. M. to 5 P. M. DAILY) 1. Machines, Soap, Starch Furnished . . . Customer Does Own Washing . . . 60c per hour. 2. We Do Washing . . . Customer Takes Home to Dry . . . 6c perIb. Attendant on Hand to Teach Operation of Machines. Phone 511 for Appointment (or 1054 after hours) 206 East Ave. B Commerce Henry A. Wallace, at the Washington Jackson Day dinner, urged "Democrats who have been harmful to bur cause" to return to the fold and "honor our side of the fence with their mugs as well as their wumps," he was borrowing a pun originated ten years ago by a Republican. It was just short of ten years ago by a month that Rep. Albert . Engel, independent Michigan Republican, brought down the House of Representatives, by referring to an opponent as "one of those boys who always has his mug on one side of the political fence and his wump on the other." Congressman Engel's use of the word went a litle beyond the classical definition. As he explains today, he was applying it particularly to those politicans who, regardless of their convictions, change to whatever side of the political party fence suits Iheir financial or patronage interests. Secretary Wallace was clearly using it in reference lo those Democrats who consistently block the administration's legislative program by teaming up with the not- much-in-minorily Republicans. He didn't say so but his reference applies mostly to the conservative Southern Democrats, many of whom were conspicuous by their absence from the over-flowing $100- a plate -raising Jackson Day banquet. Yet it was to Republican party bolters that the word "mug- wumps" was firsl applied, so far as any writen record goes. The word has had a strange mutation. It comes from the Algonquin Indian language and never was used there to signify anything but a Forest Fire Burns Kill Father, Son Bentonville, April 2 —(#>)— Burns suffered fighting yesterday afternoon in woods fire caused the Congratulations and Best Wishes 'V to HUGH B. HALL On the Opening of HALL'S ${ Hatters and Cleaners CITY CLEANERS death at a hospital here last night of James Stroud, 84-ye<u'-old farmer, and his son, Frank. 34. The elder Stroud was caught between the woods fire and a backfire which had been started to save buildings at the Stroud farm near here. When he fell into the flames his son and son-in-law, Stephen King, went to his aid. All three were burned, King apparently not seriously. James Strand's survivors include his wife, seven children, two brothers and two sisters. -- o Manchurian Dispute Flares Up Chungking, April 2 — (UP) —A violent dispute over Manchuria sroke out today between Chinese Communists and government ad- lerenls with Communist quarters charging that "large scale con- 'licts" are imminent in north -hina. The Communist press charged .hat Gen. Chiang Kai-Shek is mov- ng troops into Manchuria on such i scale that efforts of the National- st - Communist - Anierican field earns to end fighting between Na- .ionalist and Communist forces will so nullified. Government adherents retorted .hat the large troop movements Mere -necessary because the Com- nunists moved between 200 000 •md 300,000 troops into the area .inder cover of the truce arranged by Gen. George C. Marshall be- ween the warring factions. The Communists charged that .he government's plan to send five armies into Manchuria violated the agreement between the Kuomin- •ang and the Communists on the reorganization of their armies. They requested that American •minorities cease transporting the Nationalists northward, asserting \ :hat "satisfactory settlement of this question will decide the issue of peace in the northeast and the whole country." Wednesday, April 3, 1946 This Curious World By William Ferguson I MqcArthur Urges Strict Soldier Code MTU ITS SEVENTEEN-YEAR LIFE SPAN,IS THE chieftain. However, in 1848, the New York Sun came out with a blistering ;ditorial branding those Repub- icans who refused to back James G. Blainc for Ihe presidency as "polilical mugwumps." A few days laler, the New York Posl was reporling that tha Republican Independent were being referred to all over the coun- Iry as "Pharisees, hypocriles, dudes and mugwumps." A few momenls after Secretary Wallace made his pun, he hastened to add lhal he himself had been a mugwump (he was bv family Iradilipn and early leanings a Republican) until he had knocked at Ihe door of liberal op Ribbentrop Pushed Jew Drive in Italy, By WALTER CRONKTE Nuernberg, April 1! —(UP)—Joachim Von Ribbentrop aclniitccl at the war crimes trial today that he harangued Benilo Mussolini and Count Galeuzzo Ciano Tor their "laxness" in applying anti-Jewish 'measures. Ribbentrop made the admission under the angry questionhiR o£ French Prosecutor Edgar Faure. At one point the court reprimand- Lion Takes OverOzark Ordnance El Dorado, April 2 —(/?)— The $30,000,01)0 Ozark ordnance works, which turned out liquid ammonia for war purposes, will continue to operate as a peacetime plant for Ihe production of solid fertilizer. The Lion Chemical subsidiary of Ihe Lion Oil Company ed Ribbentrop for his shouted spouses to Faure's questions. Faure asked Ribbentrop if he porlunilies offered by eratic party. the Demo- Announcing... The -Opening of a New Business Firm FOSTER-ELLIS Vincent W. Foster and Leonard F. Ellis) ^ Real Estate and Insurance 108 East Second Street We take much pleasure in announcing that we are once again part of the business and community life of Hope and Hempstead County, which we left more than three years ago to volunteer our services to the United States Armed Forces. In establishing our new firm we offer: 1. A complete Real Estate Service, such as the handling of the purchase and sale of residential, farm, timberland and commercial properties. Commercial rentals and leases; oil leases and royalties; title curative work, property appraisals; Gl Loan appraisals; property management and loans. We have a complete stock of legal forms and ownership maps of both city and farm property. 2. A complete insurance service: Fire, Tornado, Windstorm, Hail, Extended Coverage. Personal property: Household Goods, Furniture, Etc. Automobile: Fire and Theft, Collision, Property Damage and Comprehensive Coverage. We represent five of the largest old-line, legal reserve, non-assessable Mutual Companies with a reputation of prompt and efficient service and satisfactory settlement of claims throughout the 48 states. We have many satisfied policy holders in Hope. We would welcome the opportunity to discuss your insurance and real estate problems and to render to you such service you may require. FOSTER. ELLIS / Real Estate and Insurance \ 108 East Second Street Phone 221 of El Dorado, signed with the War Assets Administration in Washington yesterday for a five year lease on the option to purchase ad not protested to the talians re- arding their "protection" of Jews rom Germ; ^s in Italy. He said h -called talking "wilh :ithcr Musb-..ii or Ciano about abotage and the necessity of be- ng on the alert and thc Jewish problem may have been mention-d at that time." Faure brought out in further luestioning that Ribbcnlrop eon- erred with Mussolini and Ciano in February, 1943. at Adolf Hitler's orders in an effort lo persuade the talians to deport' nil Jews. Ribbentrop admitted that he i chided Mussolini aboul relaxing I anli-Jeish measures ki the Italian occupation zone of France to which II Duce replied angrily: "The French told you that. It's untrue and just an old French Irick to separate the Axis Allies." He denied that he was responsible for measures . concerning the Jews in Denmark but admited lhal on Hitler's orders he look up with several governments plans to force Jews to migrate to North Africa or Asia. He said that it was Hitler rather than himself who conceived the nation of establishing a Devil's Island for Jews on Madagascar. He admilted that Hitler had said that Jews "should be exterminated like tuberculosis bacilli" but added thai these words "caused me great pain." "I have never been anti-semi- lic," he said. "I was only loyal to (hr, fuehrer.' ' Announcement of the contract was made by United Stales Senator John L. McClellan and Rep. Oren Harris following several months of negotiations between Col. T. H. Barton, president of Ihe Lion'com- panies and officials of Ihe War Assels Corporation. They said the Lion Chemical Company planned to install SI,000, 000 of additional equipment, which would be deducted from the rental cost, and lhat when new construction is completed in about six months thc plant will employ Tokyo, April 2 — (UPi— General Douglas MaeArthur today called on U. S. troops in Japan to observe n "high standard of morality" in Iheir relations with Japanese women to avoid sorrow and distress in their American homes. Commenting on letters received from America, MaeArthur said "grave concern" was being expressed over published reports which suggested "widespread promiscuity among GI's and Japanese girls. "Unfortunately," he said in a letter to army chaplins, "there has been a growing tendency to misconstrue the word 'fraternization' —to clothe it with thc sole meaning of immorality — and greatly overemphasize and misinterpret the relationship between members of the American occupying forces and the Japanese people." "This results," he continued, "from thc prominence of Ihe American uniform, in Japan — pro|niiu<ncc which causes one misdeed to overshadow a thousand goo'd deed, however more truly the later may reflect thc sterling j character of thc average Amuri! can soldier on occupation duly." Thc letter to chaplains was MacArthur's first public comment on the morals of American troops in Japan. In it he called on the chaplains for "strong, direct moral leadership." MaeArthur said houses of prostitution had been placed off limits and that other available measures had been taken lo protect occupation troops from the spread of venereal 'sease. More Wheat Used for Beer in February Despite U. S. Ban Washington, April 2 — (IP)— Internal revenue bureau figures today showed more wheat and wheat products were used by brewers in .February than in January although | their use in beer making was lialt- Comoanv cct by tllc government February G. In February, according to Ihe figures, fi,712,312 pounds were used al Ihe breweries againsl 4,829,994 in January. Decreases were shown in February use of chops, malt, corn, rice and their products, while increases were shown in use of barley, sorghum, soy beans, sugar and syrups. Thc restriction on use of grains other than whcal lo 70 per cent of 1945 consumption did not become effective until March 1. The cutbacks were ordered to save grnin for relict of food-stort foreign na- lions. February beer protlutiion dropped about -three'per cent under January, bureau figures showed, but there was a compensating rise in stocks. FIRST OF HER KIND Firsl doctor's degree in the field or speech granted by any university in thc Uniled Slnles was awarded Sarah Slinchflelcl In 1922 by the Unvcrsity of Wisconsin. 'Pepai-Cota Compart)/, Long Island City, N. Y. Franchiscd Bottler: Pepsi-Cola Bottling Co. of Tcxarkona contract plant with it later. an around 525 persons. During Ihc war thc plant produced up to 400 tons of liquid ammonia daily bul this output was shipped to other plants for processing. The new facilities will enable the chemical company to turn oul fertilizer in solid form. IS THE DEADLINE FOR ASSESSING YOUR COUNTY TAXES ALSO THE DEADLINE For Paying Your 1st Quarterly Installment of Your Taxes. Please bring your old Tax receipt or a legal description of your property to avoid errors. FRANK J. HILL, Co. Collector C. COOK, Co. Assessor the Could Cleopatra Drink a Pearl with Stomach Ulcer Pains? An intriguing story of Cleopatra is the one where an admirer praised Ihc beauly of two of her pearls, whereupon she dropped one into a glcvs of wine and drank it. She would hordly have dono this had she suffered after-caling pains Those who are distressed with stomach or ulcer pains, indigestion, oas pains, heartburn, burning sensation, bloat anc other conditions caused by excess acic should try Uclga. Get a 25c box of Udga Tablets from your druggist. First doso must convince or return box 10 us and gc DOUBLE YOUR MONEY BACK. John P. Cox Drug company and drug stores cvcrwhare —Adv CRESCENT DRUG STORE Can Supply You With the Following REMEDIES and supplies for FARM ANIMALS Capsules for BOTS Anodyne Colic Mixture (BLOATS) Sulfacjuanidien Bolets Veticellin Duotak Powder Kemvite Oblets 'Calcium Boro-Hibate Hemorrhagiz-Septicemia Bacterin Blackleg Bacterin Mixed Bacterin (Equine) Hog Cholera Virus Anti Hog Cholera Serum A Complete Line of SYRINGES APRIL 6th Know your Regular Army Peace ******************************** * * wiCTOitv has stilled the guns of war and slopped lliu terrible cumu^u of combat. Bill it bus not ended (he task ID which this nation has dedicated itself since December 7, 1'Jll. On the armies which conquered the aj-'gresiors now jujlls the solemn obligation of securing their hard-won triumph ... of bringing order out of the chaos of war- torn countries ... of carrying out the commitments entered into by our Government. -More than half a million young men from every corner of the I'nited Stales already have joined the new peacelime Regular Army lo see this job through, and to lake advantage of the splendid new enlistment privileges which make the peacetime Regular Army one of the most attractive careers open lo them loday. On April fi, Army Day, you will have un opportunity lo meet your new Army face to face al. public exhibits and demonstrations throughout the United Stales. Hy visiting these displays, you will, perhaps for the first lime, appreciate the full scope of the Army's activities, and the enormous conlribuliojis they make lo cvery-day civilian life. The Army's rescairli and exploration in radar, elcclnniics, avialion. conuniinica- lions, chemistry, medicine, sanitation, disease, control, mechanics, I'nyiiH.vrinjr all j countless oilier fields are all inipoi-. lanl In you. Fur e\eiiliially you hcnufit iioin tlieir inventions, developments and improvements. This is your Army . . . an Army of which yon can well be proud. .Make a point of makiii" ils acquaintance on Army Day-April 0! ENLIST HOW AT YOUR NURESJ U. S. ARMY RCCPUIJIH6 STAJIQH 212 FEDERAL BUILDING ,^_______ Texqrkanq, Ark. Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by Thc Editor Alex. H. Washburn South's Timely Protest Gets Action When Ihc Democratic Digest, off- iclal publicalion of the women's division of thc Democratic Nation- i at Committee, published a piece charging lhal those voling againsl Iho Case anli-slrike bill cast "a vote againsl Ihe American people" 50 members of the Southern congressional delegation immediately went to bat with National Chairman Robert E. Hanncgan. The St. Louisian, vacalioning at Phoenix, Ariz., telephoned an apology lust night to Rep. Graham A. Harden, D., N. C., saying the printed criticism was "most unfortun- •WfTf Hope WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Partly cloudy and ,not quite so warm this afternoon and tonight; Friday lair. 47TH YEAR: VOL. 47—NO. 146 Star of HOD*. 1899,' Pr«M. 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, APRIL 4, 1946 ^ Mr. Hanncgan should KO further. <y The South is accustomed to abuse from nonpartisan agitators, but now we .are confronted with an ih- leinal loc seeking to intrench it- sell in our own party house—the CIO and its Communist bloc. It is perfectly obvious that the offending Digest piece was inspired by the radicals who hang around Ihe skirts of Ihc Democratic Nal- ional Committee.. And Ihc fact thai they arc so close to the seal of power thai Ihcy arc able lo get into party print a piece striking al Ihe foundation of free speech and free .£ congressional balloliiig wrilcs ils own warning. Not all the Southern voles again- sl thc Case -anli-slrike bill were cast againse the cause of Labor as such. Many of Ihose votes were dictalecl by quUc another thoughl —Ihc thought lhal Ihc South wants to atlracl industry on its own account, building up for. itself thai better scale of living about which outsiders are always preaching, but which will be accomplished by nobody unless it iii ourselves. Hope Gets $3,812 From Sales Tax Lillle Rock, April -I — (IP)— Arkansas cities have received S297.94IJ. OU as turnback from the stale of sales lax collections during thc if}> firsl ciuarler of 194G. This compared lo $80,445.7.3 Ihe cities got last quarter of 1945 and $65,547.83 Ihcy received in the corresponding quarter of 1945. The total turnback to counties and cities was $590,941.75. North Liltle Rock received an additional $tit>t> which would have gone to Levy, recently annexed. The North Litle Rock turnback was $11,445.93. Little Rock received $4(i,735.!)0. • Other cities receiveng checks in- m eluded: Fayctleville 4.1H8.12; El Dorado, $8,087.5!!; Forl Smith :?18, G57.84; Hot Springs $10,89!).70; Jonesboro 5.UB1; Texarkann $0,028.71; Pino Bluff $10,857.1)0; Caindon $4, 577.25; Hope $3,812.25; Magnolia $2,- Cotfon Future Curb Angers Soufherners By Marvin L. Arrowsmith Washington, April •! —(/I 1 ) —Southern senators flung n torrent of hot criticism at Chester Bowles today for ordering Secretary of Agriculture Anderson to approve a cotton regulation aimed at blocking clothing price increases. They called for the stabilization director's resignation, termed his action a "dammed outrage," said he was "making farmers the goal," and contended he had jeopardized OPA's life. The agency is bidding lor a full year's extension of ils price control powers beyond June 30. Anderson, too, was the target of a pot shot. Said Senator Maybank (D-S C>: "I am indeed sorry lo see that the Agriculture Department uiv- der Mr. Anderson has completely surrendered to the OPA." This was a reference lo the cabinet officer's approval of an OPA order requiring larger down payments on collon purchased for future delivery. It goes into effect April 9. Bowles has contended the order is necessary to check speculative trading in cottoii, which he says has forced up collon clolh- mg prices. Anderson signed the cotton margin order yesterday after Bowles directed him to do so. He had re- ...„_.. fused to put his name to it volun- ; Hayncs Bros. Subscribers to Hope Industry Fund as Announced by the Hope Chamber of Commerce Hope Water & Light Planl....$10,000 Hope Brick Works First National Bank Citizens National Bank Talbot's Dept. Store Tol-E-Tcx Co Hope Star Hope Auto Company Sacngcr-Rialto .and New Theatres Ladies Specially Shop Gco. W. Robison & Co Whillcn-York Hope Hardware Co Coca Cola Boltling Co Hope Builder's Supply Gibson Drug Co Graydon Anthony Willis Tire Shop Schneikcr Hotel H'erndon-Cornclius City Bakery Byers Drug Slore John P. Cox Drug Co Crow-Burlingame Owens Dept Slore R. M. LaGrone, Jr Leo Robins Rcphans Dept Slore Charles A. Haynes & Co. Bruner-Ivory Handle Co John P. Cox E. P. O'Neal Clifford Franks J. C. Penney Co Hefner Molor Co Stephens Grocer Co Hill's Shoe Slorc Graves and Graves B. R. Hamm Young Chevrolet Co uc valid without signalure. Maybank lold a tarily, and the attorney general's office ruled the measure would not: the secretary's rcporlcr "Ihc best thing thai could happen lo Ihc United Stales lo slop inflalion would be for Bowles lo resign." Other senators expressed these sentiments in interviews: Ellender (D-La) — "Bowles is naking il. impossible for many of .is lo vole for an extension of OPA without exceptions as we would like .o do. He is using power say he lasn't got" Johnston (D-SC) — "This probably is another slraw that may break down the OPA wagon." Bankhcad (D-Ala) —"If Anderson lias signed under order of Bowles, he (Bowles )has exercised indue duress and coercion. He has assumed power he has no legal right to exercise." Elmer Thomas (D-Okla), chairman of the Senate Agriculture ... L ._.^ ____ the order) is to drive 'the' price "of colon down, making farmers the gout. I can't imagine anyone who nas regard for the iarmer voting for OPA extension." i j uuigould Buren $2,705.22. O Van Vardaman Is Confirmed for U. S. Post Washington, April 4 —(/I 1 )— Commodore James K. Vardaman, Jr., retiring naval aide to President Truman, emerged victorious today from ten-weeks ballc for confirmation to the federal reserve board. His appointment is for a 14-year term at $lf>,000 a year. The Senate gave the Vardaman nomination its approval by a vote of G(> to !) yesterday, after a final flurry of arguments on the qualifications of tue Sl-year-old Missouri banker for the post. All the votes against confirmation wore cast by Republicans. Senators Donnell (Moi joined by Ball (Minm, Brewstur (Mc>, Moore -(Okln), Smith (NJ), and Brooks (111), Knowlund (Calif). Moore (Okla), Smith (NJ) and Young (ND). Morse made a last-minute effort to postpone the confirmation ballot until next Tuesday, but lost out OB to 17. Mr. Truman sent Vardaman's nomination lo the senate- on Jan. 21. Extended hearings followed on his qualifications, then throe days of debate on the Senate floor before approval of the appointment wont through. A veteran of both world wars, Vardaman has been serving as Naval Aide lo Mr. Truman since last May. Refunds on Income Tax Jump to Over Billion Dollars Washington, April 4 —(A')— The Internal Revenue bureau reported today that tax refunds, credits and interest totaling $1,024,000 were allowed in the fiscal year ended last June 3(1. This was a sharp .increase from the previous years lolal of !|.r< 1,264,1)83. The jump was atributed principally to "refunds made to individuals whose income lax prepayments exceeded their liability." The withholding tax was a major factor. At Uio same lime, Iho bureau reported that results of tax returns investigations brought the government, and "unprecedented tolnl" of .$5fi:i.i:;r),or>p,. or this. $300,020.1)00 applied to income lax returns and $253,108,152 to excess profits returns. The State Police Say: A little horse-sense added to the horse-power helps hold accidents down. YOU must furnish the horse-sense lo avoid having a:i" accident Commitce — "The purpose (of Hempslead Motor Co Wylie Motor Co M. S. Bates Frank Walter's Garage Hope Journal Roy Anderson & Co 5,000 1.000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 800 !500 500 500 . 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 40U 400 300 .. 300 200 .. 200 200 200 R L. Gosnell & Co 200 R; D. Franklin 200 Foster-Ellis 200 Hillard's Cafe 100 N. T. Jewel 200 Frank Johnson 200 C. E. Cassidy 200 B. & B. Grocery 200 Howard Houston 200 Lyle Brown 200 Duffle Hdw 200 Western Auto Store 100 Hickory Fibre Products 100 Checkered Cafe 100 Crescent Drugstore 100 Herbert Burns 100 Ross Gillespic 100 Firestone Slore 100 Y. C. Coleman's Garage 100 Cook's Laundry 100 Fosler's Shoe Slore 100 Hobb's Grocery 100 Miss Jack Porler 100 Jack's New Sland 100 Rae Luck & Co 100 Emmetl Thompson 100 Cole's Ice Cream 100 Fred Luck 100 S. E. McPherson 100 P. A. Lewis 100 Leo Complon 100 Gentry Printing 100 Dale Jones 100 Hope Transfer 100 Robert Wilson 100 Bob Elmore Auto Supply 100 Shield's Grocery 100 Cily Cleaners 100 E. S. Greening 100 Miss 'Beryl Henry 100 Holmes Bus Lines 100 Harry Shiver 100 Sieve Atkins 100 Diamond Cafe 100 Archer Molor 100 Dr. F. D. Henry 100 Tolal ^ $48,700 (AP)—Means Associated Pres» iNEA)—Means Newsoao«r Enlerorlse Ass'n. PRICE 5c COPY UNO Council Shelves Iran, Russian Case By JOHN M. HIGTOWER New York, April 4 — (/P)— On a motion by U. S. Secretary Byrnes, the Security Council today shelved the Iranian case until May G —but the decision came only after Aus* tralia's representative had blasled Spviel Ambassador Andrei Gromy- Ups' walkoul and accused the council of failing to do ils duly. 7 Nine of Ihe council's 11 members voled for the Byrnes resolution which is based on Russia's flat promise to the council ycslerday that her troops will all be wilh- 'd'l-awn from Iran by early May. s -' Voling for the Byrnes resolution were China, Netherlands, France, Mexico, Poland. Britain, Brazil, ra -pt and Ihe Uniled Slales, tier Iranian Ambassador Hussein Ala had slated his govcrn- menls acceplance of Ihe deferment and Byrnes had thanked the council members for adopting his resolution the council adjourned at 12:46 p. m. E.S.T. until Tuesday al 3" p. m. Gromyko's continued absence Ask Freight Rate Increase for Pay Hike Chicago, April 4 —(/P)— The nation's class railroads, directed by two arbitration boards lo increase wages of 1,220,000 workers 16 cenls an nour — which union officials lermcd inadequalc — word expected lo ask for a boosl in freight rates to compensalc for Ihc, pay boosls. As one union spokesman disclos- n-n ,^*,. — ed lhal new wage,,4qrn.ands wilLi>e Bilbo (D-Miss) — "Il's a damn-.made on Ihe 130 ; lines as soon as ed outrage. Bowles is economic problem no. 1 of the South. The best thing to do is to liquidate im." And on the House side of the capitol Rep. Pace (D-Ga) declared that 'Congress never intended thai anyone should be able to dictate lo the secretary of Agriculture " lo criticism tluil Bowies had no authority to order Anderson to sign a spokesman for the stabilization chief replied that he had acted possible, Ihe Sanla Fc railroad aaia it would immediately appeal lo the interstate commerce commission for higher freight rates. Similar action by other lines was regarded as certain. The wage hikes for members of 1!) non-operating and three operating brotherhoods, retroactive to last Jan. 1, will amount to about $400 a year for each worker and a spokesman for the carriers said the payrolls of the carriers will be tier an executive order issued in I hosted $584,000,000 a year. The 1U42. That order provides that the economic stabilizer "shall formulate and develop a comprehensive economic policy," and that he 'shall have (he power to issue directives" on such policy lo federal departments and agencies concern- eel with price and wage stabilization. As for his reasons why the cotton regulation .should be put into 'yrt. bowlcs said in a statement: I would be failing in my respon- scbmty ir did not move to protect the farmer, the legitimate cotton operator, the textile mill owner and American families from further speculative rise in cotton prices, x x ,N "Additional increases in cotton prices now would lead to further increases in textile and clothing prices. If we are really determined 10 hold the line, we cannot accept Continued on Pago Two non-opcraling unions had asked increases of 30 cenls an hour; the operating groups demanded hosts on $2.50 a day. There will be no delay In the new wage scale becoming effective, said Borl M. Jewell, chairman of Ihe 15 unions rcpresenling 1,100.000 non-operating employes, as Ihc award was final and nol subjecl to further review or lo approval by Ihe federal wage slabi- lizalion board. Fred G. Curley, Santa Fe president, in announcing his line would ask for higher freight rates, said the award "was somewhat higher lhan we had anticipated" and would mean an annual increase in wages on the road of approximately $25,000,000 to $26,000,000. He added the wage increase, "plus the very substantial increase now occurring in thc costs of materials supplies and fuel, togclher with a Continued on Page Two Germany Open to Invasion During War With Poland, Gen. Keitel Tells Crime Court By ANN STRINGER Nuernberg, April 4 — (UP) — Marshal Wilhclm Keitel, rambling uncertainly through an account of Nazi war plans, told the war crimes court today thai an Allied •attack on the western front during Ihc Polish campaign would have met no effective German resisl- ance. Thc former chief of thc Gorman high command gol tangled up in his own story-lclling, and at one point made a liar of himself. He said the Nazis had only five divisions on Ihe western front in the first month of Ihe war. Afler a recess he boosted the figure to 20 divisions, merely explaining thai he was "mixed up". but he did not change his original assertion that if the French had ®- atuckcd in the west whi!« Germans wort. 1 overrunning land. "UiL'.v would have mel no German resistance." The Allies might have ended thc war before it was well begun with an invasion of Germany from the west during Ihe Polish campaign, Kc'itol leslific-d. "We soldiers always expected in- IcTVc-ntion by the western powers during Ihe Polish we were surprised that only slight skirmishes look place along the weslwall, which was protected by only five divisions," he said. Afler the recess he changed his story. "1 must rectify my statement, that there were only five divisions along the wcslwall," he said. "Thai was in 1938. In 1939 there were about 20 divisions, including re serves in the llhineland behind the wall." Keilel said Adolf Hitler and his generals had a violenl dispute over plans for Ihe western campaign. Hitler wanted to allack in Ihe winter of 1939, soon afler he won thc Polish campaign, thc witness said. "We (the generals) believed lhat if we did nol atlack, a peaceful solution might be reached," he con- linued. "As soldiers, we were decidedly against waging a winter war. This difference of opinion led to a very serious crisis." Keitel said he resigned as a result of Ihis agreement His resignation was rejected, he said, but "Ihis break in mulual confidence never was healed," He said Hitler was "extremely disgusted" with Benilo Mussolini's invasion of Greece, "dragging the Balkans into the war." Keitel testified thai he objected to attacking Russia, and argued with Hitler about it, offering again to resign. But Hitler told Hermann Goering that he "resented the fact lhat a general whose views he did not accept should try toresign." He said the first definite instructions regarding the Russian war cayimaitm'^'and l ( -' anie early in December, 1940, but - ' -- - u was not until the next March that il became clear to him thai Hitler was determined to march eastward. Thc invasion began June Keitel said he asked Hitler re pcalcdly lo demand of Russia a clarification of Soviet troop concentrations along the frontier, but Hitler refused. In January or Feb- ruaiy of 1941. he said, 150 Soviet division:; were on the bui'dcr. the Po- Japanese Trade Their Flags for U. S. Cigarettes Tokyo, April 4 — (/P) —A long-time rcsidcnl of Tokyo asked a Japanese woman lo- day why so few Japanese flags were flown lo commemorate the death of Nippon's mythical first emperor, Jimmu. "It is very simple" she replied. ''Most of our flags have been traded to thc American soldiers for cigarettes." o Red Cross Fund Total 1,183 Previously reported $8,050.70 Louisiana Nevada Transit Company 50.00 Dorothy Harrison 1.00 C. W. Harrison 1.00 Joe Ross 1.00 Colored donors: Dr. R. C. Lewis 5.00 Dr. A. M. Pratt 1.00 F. E. Smith 2.00 Wade Shinault 1.00 Carlee Moss 1.00 Aline Fellows 1.00 Hicks Cleaners 5.00 Mitchell BWafer 1.00 Ira Smith 1.00 Florence Bishop 1.00 Grant Davenport 1.00 Gco. Pearson 1.00 Claud Phillips 1.00 Calvin Douglas Place & employees 10.00 Matlie Cheatham 1.00 Craton Epps ' 1.00 L. A, Harris Gro 1.00 Daisy Place 1.00 Geo. DeLoncy 1.00 Monroe Johnson 1.00 Lyphenia Johnson 1.00 Gallic B. Tyree 1.00 Cleasler Randel 1.00 Servilla McWashington 2.00 Willie B. Mullins 1.00 Helen Slr-aughter 1.00 Ella Watson Baker 1.00 John D. Nelson 2.00 Pike Wilson 2.00 Marshall Lewis 2.00 1.00 10.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 3.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 Sallie Lou Hall 1.00 counled for one vole and the- kb- slenlion of Auslralia's W. R. Hodg 1 ' son from casling his ballol for the other. Byrnes declared Russia's assurances should be accepled as salis- faclory and lhat by deferring the case now the council could ask re- porls on il May 6 — by which time the Russians should be out of Iran. Council Presidenl Quo Tai-Chi of China said he hoped Iran and Russia would sellle all Iheir Iroutales and make further discussion unnecessary. JBul il was Hodgson, fiery, gray diplomat in the best Australian tradition of a minority prolesler, who OPA Clears First Congress Hurdle in Its Battle for Life Commission Investigating Army 'Caste' System Made Up of Former Enlisted Men Willie Lewis Hicks Funeral Home Cathrine Hill Richard Wilson Jr William Muldrow .... Samuel Johnson Dola Slraughlcr Hazel Street Grocery M. J. Wilson Mary Hall Contributions 4/3/4(5 127.00 Total $8,183.79 6 Injured in Civilian, Soldier Fight Litle Rock. April -1 —(/I 1 )— Two civilians and four soldiers suffered knife wounds during a dislur- bance at u nighl spol near North Liltle Rock last night. Pvt. Charles Cooley of Camp Robinson was held for questioning al Ihe Pulaski counly jail. Military authorities were seeking another soldier, Pvt. Leon Mino, whom they said was AWOL. Officers reported that they had been told the disturbance turned , added Ihc final fireworks lo Ihe crisis-laden case. said Gromyko's walkout a week ago had "prejudiced the work, efficiency and authorily of the council," thai the decision to defer the case should not have been made unlil afler full invcsligalion, that Iran's complaint were being handled' as a political. incident ra- Iher lhan a whole vilal silualion. In his broaed accenl of Ihe man from "Down Under" he emphalic- ally told his dignified colleagues ."this 1 case was a challenge to the Security Council and in our opinion the council did not meet it." He : leaned hunched over thc council table as he spoke in sharp terse -sentences and when the vote was taken he kept his hands firmly on the table. Throughout the proceedings. Iran- ijj(n Ambassador • Jlusscin Ala, was air Ihe council lable and he, expressed Iran's,. .acceptancp.ofVvthe Byrnes-sponsored resolution. II was believed, said Ihe slight, quiet-voiced diplomat, thai wilh- drawal of Russian Iroops would case all Iran's problems. Al the same time he declared: "II is understood lhal Ihc ques- lions of Ihe withdrawal of Iroops and interference in the affairs of Iran remain on the agenda to bt brought up at any time." As for the . council work on Ihe case, he said lhal "Iran has received assurances from Ihe Uniled Nalipns lhal il could nol have ob- lained by ilself." Six Alexander Cadogan of Britain said he believed tne setlemenl which Byrnes proposed — lo defer . Ihc case until Russian troops can be withdrawal! according to promise — would be a "good augury" for the council's future efforts lo build world peace. Afler Foreign Minister Francisco Castillo Najera expressed Mexico's support for the resolution, French Ambassador Henri Bonnet slaled France's agreement Bonnet's announcement made a council majority. The Byrnes resolulion look nole of Ihe Russian assurances lhal Iroops would be exacualed from Iran within five-six weeks of the start of their removal on March 24. Il accepted the Russian promises as unconditional. Since withdrawal could not be completed any earlier than Ihe specified time, Byrnes said, the council should accept thc Russian statement and, ineffect, shelve Ihe case. Finish of Ihe Iranian case, vasl- ly complicaled for Ihe council by Gromyko's walk-out a week ago, would allow him lo relurn almosl immediately to the council's sessions. He announced he was absenting himself only from the discussions on Iran. While Russia had asked a delay in Ihc case until April 10, Iran had pressed for immediate full discussion on ils merits. Byrnes said ihal while the Security Council had gone ahead with it this far, he now saw no need to raise the merits of Ihe issue. Members of Ihe Security Council, with Groyko absent, mel privale- ly and informally lale yesterday, reviewed the CUSP ->« f >e".~"i- 1 v heard Lie's report on Ala and ol)-> tained a genc.di unui.'i.,c t .,,v. , today's procedure, though various informants said that no hard-and- fast agreement was reached at that time. The events thai broke thc back of lhe_ crisis were these: the the By JACK STINNETT Washington— Thc Army's own in- vesligalion of Ihe socalled "mili- lary casle" syslem mighl well be Ihe source of some of Ihe grealesl changes in officer-enlisled man relationship in 160-odd years. The very hush-hush hearings already are under way. It probably will be mid-May or later before a reporl is made public. Secrelary of War Pallerson's ap- pointmenl of Ihe invesligaling board was quile a surprise. Even more surprising was ils membership. Headed by Lt. Gen. James H. Doolitlle, all six of Ihe members are reservisls. Nol one Wesl Poinl man in Ihe carlosd. However, there already are complaints. One is thai Ihe board is officer-packed. This is a lillle ridiculous. All six were al one time, enlisted men. Two of the members were discharged as sergeants. They are former T-Sgt. Jake Lindsay; who won Ihe congressional medal of honor in Ihe infantry and now works for the Velerans Admin- islralion al Lexington, Mass., and former Sgl. Meryll Frost, of Hanover, N. H., who was a bombardier in the Air Forces and was badly wounded in Italy. He is now a vice president of the Air Forces Associalioa. The other four are former officers, but they all came up the traditional hard way-through Ihe ranks. Olher than Gen. Dooliltlc, they are: former paralroop Capl. Adna H. Underbill, Freeville, N. Y. now employed by Ihe N.Y. Slale Conser- valion, Deparlmenl; Lieut Col. Roberl Neville, formerly wilh Slars and Slripes in the Mediterranean theater, and one of the chief critics of thc caste system: and former LI. Gen. Troy H. Middleton, hero of Ihe Norlh African and Sic- ian campaigns and now comolrpller general of Louisiana Slale Univer- sily. Arguing lhal he wanled no possible charge of regular army influence levelled againsl thf••'• board Gen. Doolitle insisled lhal the hearings be held al some olhc •••• place lhan the Pentagon Building. All of the hearings are "exective" which means lhal Ihe press is barred. Gen. Doolittle's conlention is lhat betler results will be obtained from informal discussions, withoul pulling witnesses on the spot through fear thai their testimony will make tomorrow's headlines. The commitlee doesn't plan to concentrale on adverse criticism of Ihe rhililary casle syslem. Some persons who approve of Ihe presenl officer-enlisled man relationship will be called. Civilians and Red Cross workers who served with GIs in thc field also will be aiked to stale their views. During the revolution Gen. Geoorge Washinglon called on Baron Von Steuben to give some semblance of organization to the hodgepodge Continental Army. There has been litlle change since Ihen of lhal Prussian general's concept of relationship belween officers and enlisted' men. By FRANCIS M LcMAY Washington, April 4 —-(/P)—Congressional balllcrs for keeping nrioc controls alive shed 'some of their gloom today as OPA came inrougii me lirst House Banking: Commilec voling wilh fewer wounds lhan some had expected. Rep. Monroney (D-Okla), who said earlier "it looks like OPA will be amended to death," lold newsmen, "I believe now OPA will be continued in a shape that will work." But the administralion has yet;to weather a batlle royal on the house lloor, where opposition may be stronger than in the committee. for Ihe gradual lifting of price controls as supplies of scarce items That group voted yesterday to' repeal OPA's program requiring cost plan manufacturers to make low clolhing. It also approved a Washington Stirred by Prison Break By GRANT DLLMAN Washington, April '4 —(UP) -A Ex-Marine Earl McFarland, 25- year-old condemned "snood slayer", remained at large today as officials pressed an investigation into the latest of a series of sensa lional escapes from Ihe sieve-like Washington jail. The jailbrealc led irate congressional leaders and the justice de- parlmenl to launch an immediate investigation into the capilal's prison practices. Tlie house commitlee for Ihe Dislrict of Columbia ordered acting Jail Superintendent Claude O. Botkins and Police Superintendent Harvey G. Callahan lo appear at a closed session for questioning on the repeated escapes from a jail lhat was once called escape proof. Attorney General Tom C. Clark announced Ihe Juslice Department's inquiry shortly alter Ihe i 1 £>i was asKfcd lo help in Ihe search for McFarland. Clark ordered FBI Chief J. Edgar Hoover lo Jena every possible aid. As Ihe entire easl coasl joined in Ihe dogged search for McFar- iana, his get-away companion. Joseph B. Medley, also a condemn ed murderer, lounged aboul defiantly in his death row cell from which the pair staged their escape yesterday. into a free-for-all after soldier ions, in tne tuio thc evacuation and Soviet ncgolia- taken. Yet. it is one whicl . lions wuh Iran over oil or oilier j well qualified for. No one most seriously in-| questions. Previous Soviet state- Greek war ruins better. apparently went berserk and lacked other persons in the club with a podu't knife Believed to be jured were two North Little Rock, residents. William Hambrick and Ralph Lafferty. Both were taken to Baptist Stale Hospital here. Four soldiers were treated at the Camp Robinson hospital bul were not believed to have been seriously injured. J. Gromyko, on behalf of Soviet government, advised council in a letter read .at yesterday's public session that Russian troops would be out of Iran in a month and a half from March 24. That would be about May G. He said nothing about "unforeseen circumstances" possibly preventing this, bul stated flatly that there was no connection between Vote Near on Wage Compromise By JOHN L. CUTTSvfS : :.". Washington, Api>'iV.,4i '' into balance with demand.' Today the commillee, meeting • behind closed doors, turned to amendments proposing lo set up a formula for closing out subsidy programs. The administralion currently is asking Congress for $2,051,000,000 lo conlinue these premium paymenls, particularly on food. Their design is to keep retail prices down even as production costs rise: Another decision the commitee still must make is whether to recommend the full year extension of OPA asked by the adminstration or a nine-month lease on life as proposed by Rep. Wolcot (Mich), senior Republican member. Rep. Brown (D-Ga) solved the biggesl dilemma before the com- mitee, when he came toward with' his "decontrol" amendment. It takes away from OPA major au- Lhority lo decide when lo take price ceilings off individual ifems and puls Ihis responsibilily squarely in. Ihe lap of President Truman. The administration had feared the committee might approve a much harsher amendment. But the committee rejected, 15 to 9, the proposal by Wolcot to give Indus-' try advisory groups rather than government officials a larger voice in determining when.* various ceilings should be lifted ..* . Wolcott served notice he would continue his fight for a "stronger" decontrol formula when the bill reaches the House floor. Rep. Sundstrom (R-NJ) the amendment, to. scrap O 'tUority lo require mMivifacturer -'' , . . The Senate pressed toward a vote today on the compromise plan to raise Ihe national minimum wage from 40 to 60 cents an hour. The compromise was virtually assured Senate approval. It had Ihe backing of administration groups who originally sponsored a graduated scale starting at 65 cents and going to 75 cents at the end of four years, as well as others who favored 55 cents for 18 months and 60 cents . thereafter. The Senate slill faced Iwo and possibly Ihree major fighls, however, before a final vole which would send Ihe measure to the House. They involved: 1. The proposal to broaden coverage of the present minimum wage law to cover an additional 3,50,000 workers, principally chain store employes. 2. A farm bloc alempt to atach a rider which would increase Ihe parity price on farm products. 3. A declaration by Chairman Elmer Thomas, D., Okla., of the Senate Agriculture Commitlee, lhat he would push an amendment to prohibit "any interference" by government agencies with margin requirements for trading on colon exchanges. l^iuuuutcv .a^.v^ff Ju ananillis ^CH cost 'clothing.- The "agency's .. mum average price regulation, , it has become known as "MAP." The New Jersey member argued that a large number of manufacturers are unable to get low cost materials and said the MAP order actually thwarls their production SILVER LINING Honolulu, April 4 —(/P)— Thc lidal waves which baltered Hawaii left havoc and debris behind but many coast residents didn't have to wonder where their next meal was coming from. The giant waves cast ashore thou sands of fish, and some Hawaiians picked their dinner — wriggling lish — from coconut trees. Men at the Kanoehe naval air station added Iheir own version lo the story. Fish lhal "landed" on Ihe Kanoehe runways, they said, were so big they had to chase them in jeeps. GOOD SPORT Polk, Nebr., April 2 — 0<P) — "When you share the joys of young folks you must share their bumps," philosphizcd the Rev. A. Bales of the Polk Methodist church as he hobbled on crutches loday. The minister had taken a group of young people to a nearby town for a roller skating parly and joined in the fun. Another skater accidentally bumped him and he fell. He suffered broken ankles. The name of Ihe cauliflower is derived from Ihe Latin "caulis" I (cabbage) and "flos" (flower). Man Who Directed Sabotage of Greece for Allies Now Has Job of Rebuilding Her By HAL BOYLE Athens, April 4 —i/Pi —Oddly — oddly, that is, in any period other than the war worn 20th century — one man who helped the most to cripple Greece is currently charged with the task of rebuilding her shallered face. .10 32 year old Constantino A. Doxiadis, undersecretary of state for reconstruction, has fallen thc task of planning a new Greece that will IOOK less like the Parthenon and more like a modern industrial state. It is a heavy duty this slim, intense, moustachcd young architect and civil engineer has undcr- which he is "We had 50 engineers working on ways to hamper Ihe Germans and 200 working on how we could afterward repair and improve our coun- iry." Doxiadis believes it will lake 10 years of the hardest kind of work and 600,000,000 dollars to restore his ruined homeland. He estimates Greece, who held a grenade lo her own breast to help her Allies, can Bruce Bennett in Race for di Congress tries. "If they cannot pay with money they should do so in materials and machinery," he suid. He pointed oul thai despite the country'K pov- There are- approximately 2700 pilots in the Royal Air Force of Great Brilain. mcnls had noted that circumstances" mighl hall Ihe evacuation. 2. Hussein Ala. who had restated! Iran's complaints againsl Russia! in a similar letter to the council. _. ...„ was asked by Byrnes what action i students who reported on pole 1 he though the council should take demolitions lhat would harass He helped create them. During the German occupation he acted as technical advisor on slra-1— toward her own sabotage for thc Allies and j bul added: 000.000 dollars •—"about double the ! for Ihiitecn months and was later amount granted by the Allies \ returned to the United States in through the UNRRA organization" ' l!)4.'i. He was then rated a pilot rehabilitation in the Air Forces. He participated in the air war over Japan as a also helped set up a secret organi-j "At this rate Greece will never iB-29 pilot and is a veteran of 30 in view of Gromyko's letter. Ala replied, in effect, that if Russia would guarantee unconditional- Cominued on Paac Two zation of 2;")3 engineers and 500 ntial the Axis. "If the Allies wanted a bridge be rebuilt because the Greek poo- combat missions over the home is- plc will have lost their endurance lands of Japan, by the time u roof has been found Mr. Bennett is married, has one for them." I child, is a member of the Amen,"We are not asking for this help can Losion. VF\V. Anivets. Lions, blown lo interrupt German com- j as beggars. Nor do we ask for it. Sons of thc Confederate Veterans mumeationt. we blew it," he iiaid. ' . Continued on Puye Two I Continued un Pa^e Two ill y by prohibiting them from market- '§ ing higher cost garments. Pie said '•$' repeal of MAP would result in larger .output of clothing.' , , < The committee adopted a second amendment by Rep. Brown which requires OPA, in determining ceiling price on cotton and wool cloth- 1 , to take into account the actual price of the raw cotlon or wool or me parily price, whichever is highest Brown said OPA now figures only parily for raw collon in computing cloth prices, while collon is selling considerably above parily. He told newsmen his amendment would result in no appreciable increase in cloth prices and would bring out larger production. It was not immediately apparent what effecl OPA's aclion lasl night in ordering higher cotlon margins would have on Ihe committee's decisions. 1 i"fl W I* I I '!< I P! Bruce Bennett Bruce Bennett of El Dorado, recently discharged veteran an- "v* Iftl £. I! supply only l-10lh of this capital ! noimces that he will be a candi- and lhal Ihc rest must come from ' date for Congressman from this 5 gifts and loans from friendly conn- District this year. '' Mr. Bennett is in the insurance business. He withdrew from thc race for Secretary of State in 1940 to join \ the Army as an enlisted man. He *knows i ei ty Greece had raised about 5,-i served in the European Theater t i I.I r*. AAA AAA j.,11 i... i_ _. . j -i_...i_i_ *i_. r... , i •. . ___ji._ _i t . . i I I)

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