The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on July 31, 1895 · Page 3
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 3

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Wednesday, July 31, 1895
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SSjpSKrjf % ^.;^ I,sVVf • >! ". s j~~- i "* *~ ' - i, "* f*,iryj< VPPK& 1)18 MOmESi ALGONA ifcWA, WIONS^AY. JtBLtt 81,' 18*3. HAD A LIVELY TILT, BftAMAtfC SCfeMfe IN fHE 5EBATE, Sllvof legislation of 1873 Is of Contention— Mf. Cliafrge* of tiled by His Opponent, the Chicago, July 23.—"tfhe Harvey-Horr debate was resumed Saturday afternoon. The question undef discussion Was the Congressional legislation of 1871 Mr. Harvey contended that the demonetlKatlon act was passed by fraud 'and his opponent Warmly de' fended the action of Congress. Mr. HarVey asked the question: "HdW dare you. When Allison declared the bill was doctored and HoU »an bfattded it fe colossal swindle, say that It passed Without the least sus-> pldlon Of Its integrity?" Flushed In the face Mr. Horr sprang tip with Impetuosity arid fairly shouted ttt the audience: ."The disease which you men have got always breaks out by running at the mouth. Just as you run. It is one of the symptoms that attend the silver craze. If. Harvey here wants to keep barking at that hole, let him still barkf Mr. Harvey answered amid an outburst of great applause: "When you have failed to answer this arraignment by argument you cannot answer It by ridicule! The people will yet triumph over these modern Benedict Arnolds of America!" TUB LEGISLATION OF 1870. It Forms tho Subject of tho Fourth Day's nlocasslon. (Copyright, 1895, by Azel F. Hatch.) Mr. Harvey opened the day's proceedings with these words: "The debate so far is of value In this: It shows first, that gold and silver is the moiiey of the constitution. 2. That the sliver dollar of 371V4 grains of pure silver was the unit of value in our monetary system and regulated the other coins in our coinage system from 1792 to 1873. 3. That silver and gold In concurrent coinage was, until 1873, the standard and measure of values of all other property and the basic principle of our monetary system. 4. That prior to 1873 when one.metal Increased In exchange value over tha other the debtor had the right to pay in the cheaper metal. B. That silver was not demonetized by the act of 1873 on account of the overproduction of silver. 6. That $143,000,000 of silver was coined by our mints prior to 1873." He renewed., his charges of corruption among the members pf the United States congress, quoting from the of- fclal proceedings of congress to show that there was an attempt to pass the bill through the house without Its being read. Mr. Horr, defending the passage of the bill, claimed that the measure had its birth in the monetary conference in Paris in June, 1867, which was attended by all the civilized nations of the earth. He said: "They Viad met together; they had discussed this question eight long days or sessions, and then, with-the exception of Holland, every one of them had declared In favor of the gold standard. The bill of 1873 simply carried out a resolution of all these civilized nations of the world." Mr. Harvey reiterated his charges that the bill was rushed through congress in an underhand way. He finished: "I now come nearer home for testimony. The Chicago Tribune of February 23, 1878, says: 'In 1S73-74, as It was two years and more later discovered, the coinage of this silver dollar was forbidden, and sliver dollars were demonetized by law. This act was done secretly and stealthily, to the profound ig- 'norance of those who voted for It, and of the president who approved it; had, without the knowledge of the country, removed one of the landmarks of the government; had, under cover of darkness, abolished the constitutional dollar and had arbitrarily and to the Immense injury of the people added heavily to every form of indebtedness, public and .private. 1 " Mr, Horr, after sketching the history of coinage from its earliest stages, asked this question: "Now, Brother Harvey, I want you to explain to the American people how it was that silver from the dawn of civilization to the present day has constantly been growing cheaper. Why is it'that it has constantly been taking more silver to buy the same amount of gold? Tell us why the ratio between silver and gold did not always remain 1 to 1? I want him to explain how it happened that tha more civilized a nation 1ms become in the past the cheaper silver has been Jn that nation, and that In the country where there Is little civilisation, where ^ their wages were low, where the |£" people are poor, silver has been used \ v -, rather than gold, and to explain to'me why it:is that to-day every civilized nation on the face of the earth has adopted the gold standard, and that the sliver standard is only used In such ccun? tries as Mexico, Japan, China, and the line." The debate prpper onqed without Mr. Harvey replying to this, and the rest of the time was consumed by th e two ^ debaters answering questions asked by I' members of the audience. The debate •\vas resumed to-day'at l r p, m, Chicago, July 24.—The HarveyvHprr debate was continued yesterday afternoon at the Illinois Club befpre the usual large audience, Among other sal- |; lent things, Mr. Harvey said that they x were eliminating disputed ppints as went along. He had not backed •flown from anything that was, stated in *'Coln'e Financial gohopl," except in Pne instance, that the silver opined prjor to I: J873 was $105,OpQ,000 the porreptlon of the f ,fsrrpj' showed it was ?14.3,000,000, "Thus only error that was found in the wa_s an error tha,t was a^inst us." Mr- {Jorr, summing "up one ad"The years from ]L87? tQ WW , pur people better employed and at w^ges than, in any other similar of years, The number pf un» " to-da.y is greatly overstated, fact is tfte people toniay are \ve}J >,-' Jiar-yey- replied that the ' , , : '' J n 1884 the Pemoorst's arraigned for beipg r Mf. ^forf fnetttioftid agalft that "g6\& eheftpef thah Ifl im. and It is oiiif ftgihalf as Vaitiable AS 100 jceafl agb. whdte t^ehd of clvlllzatioti Is to c»6ape« htifnan pfodguctibfe, gold as well As silver." fchatlg-e bf ftntlon the Pttiiclpftl Subject b! tho bfebate. (Copyright, 189S, by Aael F. Hatch.) Just befdre the discussion began Judge Miller .arose and said that It was a desirable thing fof the contestants to reclve encouragement in the shape of applause, but he hoped there would be ho demonstrations of disapproval while either was speaking. The question of the change of fatto was at ohce taken up when the debate commenced, and innumerable authorities Were quoted by both speakers to maintain their positions. The advan* tage to either side could not be per* eelved. Mt. Harvey then gave his definition of scientific bimetallism. He Said: "Scientific bimetallism is this: "1. Free and unlimited coinage of both gold and silvers these two metals to constitute the primary or redemption money of the government. "2. That silver dollars of 371% grains of pure silver (With Us) to be the unit of value and gold to be coined Into money at a ratio to be changed If necessary from time to time If the commercial parity to the legal ratio shall be affected by the action of foreign countries. ''3. The money coined from both metals to be legal tender in the payment of all debts. "4. The option as to which of the two moneys Is to be paid In the liquidation of the debt to rest with the debtor, and the government also to exercise that option when desirable In paying out redemption money. "All of these conditions are necessary. Like any useful mechanical construction all the parts are necessary. "First, as to unlimited coinage: When the mints are open to unlimited coinage of the two metals, an unlimited demand Is created for them. The quantity is limited. When these two metals seek a market they find a demand for their use 'in the arts and manufactures, which is limited. The surplus finds «n unlimited market at the mints to be coined Into money, the object for which all other products seek the market. They thus have an unlimited market, as the mints are open to all that comes. Supply of precious metals is limited. When the mints are open an unlimited demand Is created. This demand Is limited only by the capacity of the business of the country to absorb money. "With a limited supply and unlimited 1 . demand, what stops their value rising? It Is this: The law says, "We coin 371% grains pure silver and 23.2 grains pure gold, respectively, into dollars, and confer upon these coins functions Which make for them a permanent and equal demand." When this Is the law people will not take less for their silver and gold, the quantities above named, than a dollar uf current money, for they have the right to have It coined into dollars. The law fixes the quantity in the dollar, and the unlimited demand holds it firmly to that point. In 'this respect money Is a creation of law. Without this law there Is a demand for the metals. The law adds a new use and a demand for It. "This unlimited demand for the two metals existed In all the world at ratios one to the other up to 1816, when England closed her mints to silver. The demand thus made fixed the commercial value of the two metals at the ratio fixed by law. England closing her mints had practlctlly no effect. She was at that time the greatest commercial nation in the world, but the commerce and trade of the other nations were sufficient to absorb all the surplus of both metals, and the closing of the English mints to silver made no difference, It was designed to do so and* was the beginning of the movement intended to limit the quantity of primary money to one of the metals and correspondingly decrease the value of the other metal." Mr Horr— "All these Inquiries about the valuation in the ratio of the past are of little account in this debate. This one fact is admitted by 'Coin' and disputed by no one; All the civilized nations of the world have ceased the free coinage of silver upon any ratio. Silver to-day has no free coinage in any country where gold is the standard, and only in such countries as are using silver as the unit and measure of value, It is admitted by all, so far as I know, that the real measure of value in tho commerce between nations is a grain of gold. All gold coins 'of all nations pass and for that matter gold in all forms pesses current, and the value of such coin or piece Is determined by the num. ber of grains of pure gold contained in the same, .without regard to the shape In which It may be found, That, understand me, Is in the international bal» ances of the world in commercial transactions, The balances between nations, then, are all calculated on a gold basis; silver la used as money in all the nations of the world, but in the civilized countries only as a medium of exchange and not as a measure of value, It matr- ters little how such a state of affairs has been established, since it Is the existing fact, hence all this talk about what has been done in the past about ratios, and even as to what has caused the low prjce of silver to-day, is of little consequence, Silver is cheap. We both agree to that. The great commercial nations of the world all refuse to use it as the measure of value. We don't dispute about that. And hence they are today refusing \t free coinage. No cplns which are of less value than the mai'Het value of the metals in them would indicate are ever treated as the measure of ultimate redemption, nor ever passed current at their face value, except they are redeemable in money which is' worth as much coined as yncolned. Hence It Is impossible to make silver the moijey of redemption in a, nation <lping business on a gold basis, except at Ha commercial value in gold, and H is use- Jess to attempt to make go.14 the money of redemption^ a couptry on a silver basis, except at }ts commercial valye, Nqyv 'Coin,' in Ills 'Financial School/ really admits that the ratio between the twp metals must always l?e, deterr mined by the actual Y»lu,e, oj? the metals in the markets of -the. WPrld, and ig» flores the dpptrjjie 9f the ratio .of 16 to, 1 beinf po.s$j>je at the present day.'-* PMc»g:p., July 23,-Ths meii<?y r And wftefr* tesstsr an* tflat option tfi6 two fiietals, with unlimited coinage, wftl oscillate at a substafitial parity. A cof- fter on beef cannot threaten the health of the nation as long as muttoft and* pork are In competition 1 ; and so with tfie two money metals. If we used the 20O 000,000 sliver dollars In the treasury there would be no borrowing of gold. The balance wheel of a watch Is made of two metals, and when one expands the other contracts, and so an equilibrium Is preserved. So with the metals in money. All nature Is bimetallic; or have we only a single eye and ear?" Then Mr. Horr maintained that farm ownership Was oh the whole Increasing, and then pictured even farm tenancy as a phase of betterment for those who had before been day laborers. Massachu- netts farm owners were fewer, he held, simply because they had opened better farms V/est. ' Mr. Harvey, replying, rebuked Mr* Horr for not sticking to "Coin's Finari* clal School," the agreed on subject for debate, and said that the other's agricultural statement was unfair and not consistent with the facts of the case. Later, In the right place, he Would connect the wholesale abandonment of farms with the hard times, the child of silver de- monetization. Then he took up the relation of primary and credit money. "Primary money," he said, "fixes the sea level of prices. It is the measure of values. That measure Is now gold, Whereas It once had been gold and silver." In distinction to "real" or "primary" he defined "credit" or "representative" money. "In that class now," he said, "Is silver, paper, nickel and copper currency All represent service In the exchange of commodities, but the silver money, once 'redemption' money, Is now only 'token' money, and has no part In swelling the volume of 'primary' money. Therefore prices were based on the volume of gold money in existence, which, being only a small fraction of the entire currency, gives the country prices below the cost of production In human labor." Mr. .Horr, following, admitted that he had always hoped that the business men of all civilized nations would agree on some business plan whereby they could use both metals as the money of redemption. "But for this country alone to try to do It would Involve Its financial ruin." "For 2,000 years," retorted Mr. Harvey, "gold and silver have gone march- Ing together. Now silver Is stricken down. Does not the same blow strike down other property? Certainly," "The real reason," got back Mr. Horr, "why silver Is cheaper Is because It does not represent so much labor as In 1873." The cost of production was the mysterious alchemy, and he believed that aluminum, once dearer than gold Itself, and now only 40 cents a pound, would in time be only 10 cents a pound, and would replace lumber in house-building. "If silver can be produced so much cheaper now," called out Mr. Harvey, "can't gold be produced cheaper, likewise? The only reason why a; gold dollar Is a dollar Is that the government stamps It and makes It a dollar. The people are being deceived, woefully deceived, on this money question. The goldites are running a corner on you by which are becoming the owners of you; you are being sold Into bondage to the bond brokers of Europe by this money power." Mr. Horr, in impassioned rhetoric, described all civilization as on the gold basis. Were we to train only with China, Mexico and Tripoli? "So was slavery once in all nations," said Mr. Harvey. A country should never borrow money from another nation. To do so was a sure sign of monetary weakness in itself. After the questions, on Mr. Horr's motion the debate waa adjourned over until 1 o'clock to-morrow afternoon. (Copyright by Azel F. Hatch,) Chicago, July 27.—In opening the silver debate yesterday, Mr. Horr attacked a statement made by Mr. Harvey that It cost as much or more to produce an ounce of silver as an ounce of gold. Harvey had stated that it cost as high as $2 per ounce to produce silver, while Mr. Horr declared that if such ail assertion were true all silver miners would go out'of business. On the contrary, he said, silver has been and Is mined in many instances for less than 15 cents an ounce. "Gold costs dollar for dollar, less than silver, and the cost of producing a pound of gold is less than tho cost of producing a pound of silver," said Mr. Harvey. "Gold and'silver were created together; they were wedded by God Almighty In the earth," "There are only three of four silver mines left in the United States that are paying," contlued Mr, Harvey, "and may give out at any time. Precious metal mining Is like gambling. Why do men follow it? Tell me why they gamble on the board of trade," Mr. Horr now took the floor, "I say to,the people of this country," said he, "that the statement of Mr. Harvey, and I do not c:--re v/ho said it before him, that it costs ts much to get a pound of silver as a pound of gold Is not true, Centuries ago the metals cost the same. Gold has been cheapening since 1873, when measured in human toil, or products of toil, but silver has depreciated' much faster than gold, "The main effort of the silverltes Is to make the farmers think that this silver legislation was against them- But hou have the tollers been affected by the legislation since 1873? There are two closes of tollers, the agriculturists and tho workers in cities, those who receive fixed wages, Take the first, and the effect of these legislative changes on them may be seen In the average prices "paid for agricultural products. Harvey stated that the silver legislation did not affect prices much unt}l 1879, so we will compare prices before and, after that 4ate," From the United States statistical abstract Mr. Horr read figures on the annual average production of the country's largest crop—corn—showing that the price per bushel from 1876 to 1$79 was S6.8 cents, while from 1884 to 1890 it was 42.1 cents per bushel, a general advance. Mr. Harvey protested that he should compare the crop of 1872 witli that of 1892, but Mr. Horr tartly Inquired if he should yield wholly to the forjner's wishes. • Jkfr, Harvey accused Mr. Horr of jug- gHo# with figures and. making a flanH attack, but declared he would meet him, 'on his own ground, "We pypdttcecj seven, j>u,sh,els less pf corn per capita in 1894 than in 1872," he said, -"While the price pug,h,t to b,e, 80 or 80 'cents under , it is ROW ab,o.»t ft .pewt.e." i Balance of the nine great £erMW, Mid we find a material adVahcfe fft vftitje Over the years 1875 to i8f&. In tfte western states in the last twenty years there has been ah advance; In thfe east and south there has 'been a decline', tfhls Is due to Improved transportation, hot to a change in primary money—or any other money." Mr. Harvey retaliated by saying that In 1872 one Bushel of wheat worth $1.25 paid $1.25 of debt; now one bushel was worth 65 cents. In Mexico ahd India a bushel of wheat paid the same debt that it did In 1872. He said: "There is not money enough In the country. The average man should have at least $10. If he hasn't that amount In his pocket, he ought to have." Returning to farm products Mr. Horr criticised Hatvey's statement that If the United States had free coinage the American farmer would get $ii30 it bushel for his wheat as the Mexican does, Instead of 67 cents. "A crop Is now produced with less toll, Then take What a man can buy with his mohey, articles cut in two by the law of cheaper production." Mr. Horr then read a list of prices of staple articles at present compared with 1873 prices, showing the marked decrease. "Silver has cheapened in precisely the same way," said he, "and so has copper, lead or aluminum." Warming to his subject Harvey replied: "Mr. Horr Insists on his human toll unit, but his system leaves the Unit without the power to purchase anything. Many kinds of property are cheaper, but he did not mention the moat desirable and valuable in all the world—money. Let us away with sophistry. Price is a relative term. Your property doesn't buy half as much money as It did, but that other prop- .erty, money, buys twice as much of your property. When you enhance the value of this property by legislation you are legislating for a class. The man who loaned money that 1,000 bushels of wheat would have repaid in 1872 will now be paid by 2,000 bushels." Mr, Horr responded that the farmers' condition can not be Judged from one article and that the cheapest. "According to Mulhall," said he, "the farmers' ability to save is three times as much during the last two decades as during Harvey's golden era of silver before 1873. In years when Harvey says we were going to ruin we saved two and one-half times as much as In his 'years of prosperity.' That ruliv he tells ot exists only In diseased Imaginations or with boys like 'Coin.' " Mr. Harvey reaffirmed his position and said that from 1S73 the United States had been not only a "workshop, but a sweatshop." He then launched Into an earnest warning against the slavery threatened by the increasing deference to wealth. After the usual half dozen questions had been answered, Including one on the next republican platform, the debate adjourned to Saturday at 1 o'clock. CRIME. The president has commuted the death sentence imposed on Thomas Taylor, who was to be hanged for the murder of his wife. Deputy Sheriff O. D. Mitchell, of Se- vler county, Tenn., shot and killed a prisoner named Breedon, who was attempting to escape. The body of missing Police Sergeant Zlrkelbach of St. Paul was found In White Bear lake. He had been missing sonie time, and Is supposed to have committed suicide while temporarily insane. .. A. C. Crane was shot and killed at Sparta, Mo., by Pud Ray, marshal of the .town. The men had quarreled and Crane struck Ray. Robert Huston, living near Shelby- vllle, Ind., had trouble with his wife and struck her on the head with a din- ner'bowl, fracturing her skull, from which she will die. >.. • John Taylor, a young rancher, was shot and instantly killed by Horace Crofferd, ex-commlssloner of Custer .cpunty, South Dakota, and an extensive sheep'owner. The trouble arose over the possession of a range. San Francisco police are seeking a new witness against Theodore Durrant, the alleged murderer. At West Indianapolis, a suburb of Indianapolis, Ind,, Ida Gebhard, 2 yeans old, was outraged and murdered, her body being disposed of In an old tool chest, where It was found two days later, Frank H, Langdon, manager of the Wagner Palace Car company at Mont' real, has disappeared, leaving many creditors, David Atkins was strung up by the neck in Maplt Shade, O,, and would have died if the women had not cut him down. There was a general riot, and revolvers and^knlves were brought into play, Later Jn the night the houses of several residents were stoned.' Reports of depredations and murders committed by Indians in Idaho'and Wyoming are beginning to come in. A limited mail train was held up by masked men near Wausean, Ohio, and much money, taken, The passengers were pot .molested, Nora Cronln and her brother of Charlotte, N. Y,, are charged with arson. The parochial school was mysteriously burned down six days after being insured for $4,900. The search for evidences of murder is still going on in the house occupied by H, H, Holmes at Chicago. Several things have been discovered which the police consider important. James Copley is on trial at Princeton, Ind., for the murder of his father-in- law, "Tip" Givens, May 27, In a lonely spot seven miles northwest of that pity. Governor Altgeld issued a, warrant for the return of FranK Shulck, who Js wanted at Manjtowoo, Wis., for abandoning his children, and for Sidney LjnspKyi wanted at Watertown for forgery, Both are u,n$er arrest at ChJ- eagp. It has been ascertained that seven" teen Indians were HHled U» the conflict Between them and the settlers at Jaok- §pn's Hole. Wyo, The rest of their tvH?e will, UMdoubte^ly xp a ^ e »W effort to avenge the Wiling. ' Gallagher'was st&bfce4 Wl«<J by John Cpnw a y at , pa. 9on,mray is in #\l were ^iasswodSJjF 8 ' dea« body, ' w]j;h. bji5kehot, was found lyi.ng. }n the »ea,F L£arue,<3,, Miss, Ue was a o| pea OLD SOLDIERS. the oid«tt War VjtSMn—MafthAd in th* Bfecoratlon ttajr t*afAde—Otic 6f .tes-ty Rusk's .tbktes—Secretary Mo** ton's stofry of Vfitt ahd o V e * i again, In every time attd tortgue, Ih every style attd strain, Have the world's old songs been sung. Since the sigh from . - • . the soul was stirred, Since the heart of a man was broken, Have the notes of despair been heard, And the rhythm of pain been spoken, The song that you sing to-day, SWeet oh the printed pages, Was sung In the far away, In the youth of the worn-out agesj The charm of your love-born tune, The gems that your lines uncover, Were set In some savage tune By the heart of some Pagan lover. The fancies that fill your rhymes. The visions that haunt your lays, Are the spectres of olden times And the ghosts of forgotten days; Ye players on notes of woe, Ye dreamers of love and sorrow, They sang In the years ago The songs you will slhg to-morrow. But what If the rhymes are new, And what if the thoughts are old, If the tovlch of the chord be true ' And the flight of the singer bold; Let them come to us still again, To-morrow and yet hereafter, Fresh as a morning's rain, Old as the sob and the laughter. —Boston Journal. Morton'* Lincoln Story. "I never had the pleasure," remarked Secretary Morton the other day, "of any near or particular acquaintance with Abraham Lincoln. I have had him described to me often, however, by men close to him and who knew him well. As everybody Is aware, .Lincoln was a man of humor rather than wit, fond of a good story and a good laugh. Lincoln was not an orderly man, and paid no vast heed to things about him. If he had owned a lawn It would probably have struggled through life un- mown, and a gate on one hinge struck Lincoln as being just as good a ^ate as If It owned two. In good truth,, unless men have romanced beyond reason, Lincoln was a bit shiftless. His fences were apt'to be'down, and many a matter needed doing about the home of Lincoln. I recall a story of the great president which Richardson, once a member of the national house from Illinois and a great friend of Lincoln, told me, " 'We, Lincoln and I, had been away on the circuit together,' said Richardson. 'The judges and lawyers traveled from county to county In those days, the former to hold court and the latter to try what cases they had and pick up others. Lincoln and I had been away some weeks, and one afternoon toward the close of an early summer's day we rode Into Springfield, where Lincoln lived. His yard and the scene about the house had been when we left a bit disreputable. The fence needed /mending, the yard lacked cleaning up, the house wanted a coat of paint, some of the windows exhibited a broken pane, while odd and Irritating bunches of brambles and clumps of locust shoots cried for the scythe and bush hooks. This was the, condition when Lincoln left, but during his absence Mrs, Lincoln had Instituted a campaign of her own. As we drove up to the place,we found the fence repaired, the yard mown and clean, every pane, of glass was In, and the house glistened and shone in a coat of white paint/ Mrs. Lincoln herself stood in the front door to enjoy the effect of all this order and restoration on her husband, but on this occasion he held the middle of the road and looked coldly on the house and his wife, as one Who did not recognize either. He made as if he wanted to go by. Just opposite the gate, however, he pulled up the horse, and, with a face grave enough, bap a twinkle of the eye, bowed with great politeness to Mrs. Lincoln, and said; "I beg yojir pardon, madame, but can you tell me who lives here?" " ' "Send your horses to the barn and you and Mr, Richardson come in. I'll show you who lives here," responded Mrs. Lincoln, with just a trace of nettle in her tone. And IJonest Old Abe went in.' "—Washington Star, ^ Modern flluncliBUsen. Here Is » story of a Colpnel who was addicted to traveling, and whp once reached hPme when the hpuse was full of his son's guests and stayed to dinner. One of the company, a notorious drawer of the long bow—told a story of his being off the Cape of Good Hope, in an Indiaman, when a'floating object -was dlscpvered. which proved to be a cask, whereon a man was seated, clinging to a small staff in the bunghole, "Cpme on board?" retorted the ocean waif, when hailed. "No, thanH you. I'm very pomfprtable here. I'm bound for the Cape. Qan I take letters there for ypu? Dpn't bother abput me, I'm all right," Then, amid the silence which this Incredible yarn, Colonel G arpse and gravely addressed the par? rator. "Plv," he said, "fop .years I have been trying to find anyone belpngin.g to that s,hip to return thanks for the great tesy shown to me on that occasion- J am enabled to do §a- of the <?ask." >, , thftt J IWf .. _ „ . told ' ject at Jhtef^ili U .... fof beefsteak and oftldfiS. tt has all : SftaracterlsUc!) tit ft"tf8ftflrtH8il .* afd-s craving fo? film-. . ¥ his stfrtick flie a few motttfeht. _„_, ohfee determined 16 gfatlf> ft wfoe!» <Hn<' fiertime dame, fhfifl 1 6adde«i$ eafled that 1 had pfomteed ta dflflfflft^ evening oft some ladles who We hi** 1 /? from my home, and 1 mtist keep th&l .-'$ pi-omise. *et my stoiflabH IS ilWtttlHSf .','; s * fot> beefsteak ahd ortlotts, attd I am w&* veHng between duty ahd abp-etltS." "Can't ybu wait until afte? the eall?'* asked "Whole" Jerry, solldltotisiy, "Never," eald the friend earnestly. "Can't you postpone the calif - >,?• "impossible," said the fMerid. ' 3$ "Well," said '"Uncle" JefryJ "I'll tell, you what to do. Whefl dinner tlftte comes you go up to JohH Chambeflaitf's »,; and get your beefsteak and onions, aftd/ .... eat 'em. When you get you* check It •- ^ will be so big that it will take ybttf " breath away." Quo J»feei» •H> wash.li\gtQo they are 'reviving ' Whejj he vu he mef a ffifeRtata.^ WasW^^;Kg«p^ fho oldest War Veteran. Portland, N. Y., claims the honof of having among Its residents the Oldest veteran of the civil war. He Is Israel Rlckard, a veteran of Company Q, deV» enty-slxth Regiment, New York State Volunteers, ahd he fought as a private all through the war, which began when he was 60 years old, says New York Sum On Decoration Day, despite the heat ( hie turned out for the Cortland parade and marched with as firm a step as the best of his fellow veterans. It Is probable that he was the oldest marcher in any memorial day parade of this year In the country. On the last day of the year 1800 Israel Rlckard was born Irt a town In Northern Massachusetts, and In 1802 his father took htm to Truxton, Cortland County, a section of the country then almost a wilderness, in which bears and panthers abounded. The eld- • er Rlckard owned the only team Of horses for miles around, and on one of these horses It was Israel's proud dls- Unction when he attained the age of 6 years, to ride to the mill, carrying bags' of corn. The boy's early life was made up of a great deal of work and very little play, with hardly any time even for schooling. He became a farmer, and^removed to Cortland wherf a young" man.'' settling down there with the intention of living out his life on his farm. For many years he lived quietly with no disturbing element In the quiet routine' of existence until the rebellion broke out. At an age when most men are beginning to look toward rest as the greatest of all things to be desired, Mr. Rlck- ard caught the martial fever and started for the front. He was, In spfte oC his 60 years, as straight as an arrow" and much.-more agile and powerful thani the average man of half his age. His first work was to take charge of a wagon train, his long familiarity with horse's having marked him as suitable for this duty. But he wasn't satisfied with It.' When his company went to the front, • and the smell of povyder reached his nostrils, he made his way to hea'dquar- , ters, and secured an audience with his .commanding officer. "General, I want a gun," said he. "What do you want with a gun?"' asked the officer. "You can't drive horses with a gun." "No; and you can't shoot rebs with a mule gad," returned Israel, "I want to dp some shpotln'." He got a gun a few days later and'^ proved himself a sharpshooter and an." excellent soldier. After the war was-, over he returned to his farm, where he • has lived anything but a sedentary life ever since. He Is up with the lark and hard at work all day. It is no unusual' thing for him to take a walk to Truxton arid back, a distance of sixteen miles. This year he expressed a desire to march In the Decoration Day parade. When this came to the notice of the Parade Committee they sent a message to Mr. Rlckard, saying that they would be glad to furnish a carriage for him, but he wouldn't have It. "I'd sooner tramp," said he. "I had to In the war times when the roads were harder than these, and I had more to carry. Marohln' with the boys will make it seem more like a real celebration, to me." ' ; So.he turned out with the other vet, e'rans, most of them two generations younger than himself, and the spectators cheered him as he passed, There Is but pne man in CPrtland CPUnty who is Mr. Rlckard's senlcr. Gen. Early'» Grim Humor, After the battle Pf Sharpsburgi. 'General Jackspn, happening 'tp ride in the rear of Barly's division, found the men scattered for miles along the road, some executing dance steps, seme prying, others singing gay spngs or psalm tunes. Early had tried to reduce the ranks to their usual prderly condltipn. but had not s succeeded. Finally an pr- derly rode up and handed him a dls- patch from General Jackson; "Headquarters, Left Wing,— Sir: Getv oral Jackson desires to know why he saw SP many stragglers in rear of youp dlvlslpn today, A. S, PBNDLSTON." , After reading this communication £h,e, grim old BPldier got a piece of paper and wrote the following reply; "Headquarters, Barly'e Division,,*. Captain; In answer to your note, I thlnK' it probable that the reason why General, jaekson saw so many of my stragglers today is that he rode In rear of my <* Vision. Respectfully, J. A. EARLY, General Jackson let the drop, . . f •*< •^K An Admiral's Or4er» The Captain's gig o? the training, shift 1 Enterprise lay at the wharf at the nayy* yard la?t week awaiting the Cap,t&ln'3 return, says Boston Transcript, entiy a, gentleman in olti?eo'9 cams flown the pier an4 S9$ i. • boat, Seating Wim« Ip tne stem , sheets, he oonnmandea. "Out o^ away!" 'But the pars flt4 nst go the crew 4Jd not p»U away. A WW9 later the prd,er was fepeate^ wltl yesu.lt as befojre, ^feeo ths

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