The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on July 24, 1895 · Page 3
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 3

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, July 24, 1895
Page 3
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r.' JE^' 4 ?;^ '"%•*•'" -1'J" "}*• ,"-.'-"/ ' '-.'' UPP1B ^if>~" f .' ",'/'-• , .. ^ i j|<A' 1 y r • >\;r^$P!&;£" 1H0K ~:C. "^"W r "Jr'i^ FOB SttYM df* fiOf H IN ttol* Open* flic tiis- ••nsstoii—tirst Chapter bl "Coift**Fliiftft* fclnl School" the finals ot thte Day's Argument. Chicago, July 18,—The great financial debate betwen the advocates of silver and gold began in earnest yesterday •wheh the two representatives 6f these two financial schools, W. M. Marvey and Hon. Roswell G, Horr, met in the greatest and most novel forensic contest that has eVer taken place in this country. Not since the great debate between Webster and Hayne, -when "Webster laid low the champion of State's rights, has there been sUch Intense interest manifested in a debate. There were present in the art gallery of the Illinois Club the representative business men of the city, besides a large number from outside of Chicago. The audience numbered nearly 200, all men measures Values the ttiosi stabti thai bah be devised, and tfrotfld inslsl thai tmyef§ Sftd sellers, lenders and debtors? as nearly a§ possible be required to use the same measure ot rallies, _and shall Ihslst that repudiation ti ail forms 19 disgraceful and dlshoti* orable In the case of nations, corporations, or individuals. "What our people heed is good credit, ifood niohey, good principles, and sound justness sense. Visionary schemes and debased money never yet made a nation prosperous. The quality of the money used in any countryis far more important than the quantity. Laws should be drawn to protect the meh who earn motley as well as those who owe money. A man who works faithfully and lives on his daily earnings should never be sacrificed for the benefit of men who live oh what they borrow." ft! it. MAUVE Y DEBATE ftAV'S SfeSStON Of CONtROVERSY. thfe Afct ot 1873. UolnonrtlltlnB Slt*-cl-, Hife frthSlpat Snhjftft rt* »ls*ttS»l«n— The Attendance nnd Interest 48 the bclmtc COM On, Chicago, July 19.—Silver and gold again measured r.words at the Illinois Club yesterday, and the contest for supremacy In the discussion was a heated one. The number of people present was Increased over Tuesday's attendance. The debate was spirited and interesting and the cross-fire of the two prin- W. H. HARVEY. ;"who were deeply Interested in the subject of finance. The judges elected were Hon. H. G. Mlller4nd Judge William A. Vincent. President Thomas opened the meeting with a brief statement of its purpose and introduced Hon. W. G. Miller, who read the rules agreed upon to govern the debate. The first speaker of .the day was Hon. Roswell G. Horr. EXPLAINS HIS POSITION. I'll: Uorr Talks of tho Foundation of tho Discussion. ', (Copyright, 1895, by Azel F. Hatch.') Mr. Horr began the great debate by stating that the foundation of the discussion was the book called "Coin's Financial School." He said: "The real aim and object of that book is to convince the people of the United States that the government alone should at <mce enter upon the free and unlimited coinage of silver upon the old ratio of 1(( to :l. The wisdom'of such a course I dispute. Mr. Harvey will still maintain the aifirmatives of that issue. "I urn not here as an opponent of bimetallism. I believe in the use of gold and iiilver as money to the fullest extent •that can be done 01- sound business principles. I also believe that in the bus nesa of our nation the people should Impositions of Ills Notnbif Book tVhtcti llf Defends* , (Copyright, 1895, by Azel F. Hatch.) Mr, Harvey in turn defined his post* tioh, speaking as follows: '1 am here to defend the facts and principles in Coin's Financial School. "I expect to make good in this debate the following propositions: "I. That silver and gold are the money of the Constitution. That the silver, dollar was the unit of value in our coinage system In this country from 1702 to 1873, just as the yard stick was the measure of length. That gold was measured in this silver unit, and concurrent coinage given to it (gold). That silver and gold combined constituted the legal standard of value in this country till 1873. Silver measured gold ; the two together measured all other property. "2. That the act of 1S73 was surreptitiously passed. "S. That during the period of 1702 to 1873 the mints were' opened to the unlimited coinage of both metals into primary or redemption movey, and that both were treated as such. That during that period people had a right to have either metal coined Into full legal tender money, and that the option was with the debtor to pay in coins of either metal. "4. That this bimetallic system made an unlimited demand for both metals to be coined into money, increased the demand for these metals, and under this law authorizing any one to coin 371 J /4 grains of silver and 23 2-10 grains of gold into a dollar there was no one willing to sell either for less than a dollar. "5. That the option to pay in either metal caused the cheaper of the two metals to be .used and transferred the demand from the dearer to the cheaper metal and restored Its relative' commercial value. We are called silver men because we are defending the metal that has been demonetized, but we are nevertheless for both gold and silver. '6. That it is to the Interest of the United States to act Independently in the remonetlzatlon of silver at the ratio to gold of 16 to 1 without waiting for the action of any other nation. '7. That monometallism consists in the use of the dearer of the two metals to the exclusion of the other as primary or redemption money. That mono- metallism is an experiment on trial for the first time In the history of the world, and began with the period of 1873. That it Is impossible and Impracticable as a stable money measurement of values; is not based on scientific financial principles; is in the interest of the moneylenders and against the Interest of the property-owners and laborers, '.'8. That the gold unit as the measure .'•>' R. G. HORR. never attempt to use either metal except at its actual value, only in case where one metal may be used as token moneyand be made redeemable in metal at its commercial value "If jwe are compelled to decide be tween gold monometallism and silver monometallism, then I am decidedly in favor of adopting the standard used by the civilized nations of the world. I do hot believe that silver has ever been demonetised anywhere in the world, I believe that tho law of 1S7D, which Mr. Haryey'.s book denounces as a 'crime,' was honestly conceived, openly advocated, and passed by the American Con, gre^s after full deliberation, and because the people at that time who hole! seats in the American Congress believed that such a law ought to be enacted. "I do not believe in the teachings of this book, that this Nation is on the verge of financial ruin,or that starvation is staring our people in the face. 1 believo if our Nation should adopt the course advocated in this book U would .seriously injure the entire wage earners Of tho United Stfiten, 1 believe \\v would destroy tho confidence of. the business men of the world in our integrity as a Nation and that we would precipitate such a financial panic as our country has 'never before seen. "I deny mpst emphatically that the treat majority of tho people of this country are in debt", and shall Insist 'that three-fourtha of the American people are creditors and not debtors, and 1hnt consequently the system which Mr. • .Harvey advocates would woik great into tfte groat nwjQvUy of American "Understand inw, in a few words I believe tljat thv American Nation yhouhl Jiaye. just as good 'money us arj.y nation on ($ny, J&Jp . fa.ce of tho earth; J believe every djilUir , paid to a. p<Kir<ma»,< Should >b,e wpi'th, as' of values with no concurrent coinage of another metal to assist it in performing the functions of primary money, has caused the fall In prices as compared with 1S72, when the world's prices of property were measured in the money mass of both metals. That all prices of property and labor have declined accordingly as compared with 1872, except when held up relatively by increased demand or short supply or combines and trusts or special reasons affecting a particular service or property. That the average price of all prcduction, except gold, will show this deline in adjusting itself to the gold standard. 'And that when we Include in labor the unemployed and the time lost by those employed there is a fall in wages of one- half as compared with 1872, That labor is adjusting Itself to the gold standard measurement of values, That the gold standard is confiscating the property of people and depriving labor of work. "9, That the decline in prices covering a period of twenty-two years has, as a rule, made all classes of ..productive, mercantile and manufacturing business unprofitable. That a falling market covering a long period destroys the prospective profits based en cost of purchase and production, and a majority of our most astute business men cannot avoid failure or loss of capital under these conditions. "10. That it has worked a hardship and injury to debtors, who, unconscious of the causes that continuously reduced the prices of their 1 property have contracted debts during those twenty-two years. That this fall in prices causes a sacrifice of property to purchase the dollars with which to liquidate these debts, That this has caused the renewal of debts, the contraction of now dobts to pay old debts, and an enlargc-jji volume of all debts. That this unjufeAy takes from a debtor his property and em-* money measurement of values, "4.1, That in tho end no one JH benefited by a fall in priws but 1he moneylender, the owner of money arid securities payable In money-fixed Incomes. "12. That the foregoing facts and conditions produced by a change in our money measurement of values will impoverish tho manses of the people, and points by reason of tho disturbances it will produce to the overthrow of the ve- public. That the free- coinage of both metals by this government in the ratio of IB to I will riMtore prosperity to thla nation." Each orator is given 70,000 words hi which to Convince hi« hearers that the. side yf thiferiuesllon fur which he argued is lb™ correct one. The debate yesterday occupied many hours, auil \va» filled with cut and Uu'usn arguments of both debaters. TJie audieuco was ab»ut equally diUded o» tho merits) of the true standards of valuu, and en.- thusiasUcylly applauded what were considered. telli«K joints. As to the " of- .the controversy' its, uffact ' voters uf fhe country must p 1 eipalg was a strong feature, that brought out many points that were hidden beneath the surface. Ih the'course of his remarks yesterday Mr. Horr attacked Mr. Harvey's position oh the law of 1873, and also indirectly accused him of misrepresentation in regard to the legal tender laws and quotations made in Coin's book. Mr. Harvey refuted the charges, and aald that a man is not guilty of misrepresentation every time he is charged. In his defense of the law previous to 1873 and his attack of the demonetiza- tion act of that year, in reply to Mr. Horr's charges that there were no good grounds for the statement that England conceived and concocted the scheme, Mr. Harvey said that reasoning by induction will invariably locate a criminal better than uncertain evidence and that-he assumed that the people mostly benefited by the passage of the act of 1873, especially after a conference of the nature of the one held in Paris in 1867, Would bo the ones to whom the scheme could be safely traced, and that this people were the money-lenders of England. Among the prominent people present were Gen. A. J.'Warner, who accepted a seat on the platform. Mr. Warner Is president of the Bimetallic League. Judge A. W. Rucker, a well-known jurist of Colorado; Anton Wolcott, of Nashville, Tenn., and Senator Pettigrew,, of South - Dakota, were also present. Bill. HOKIl OPKNS THIS DKIIATK. Summitry of tho Principal Points Muilo by the DlBiuitiuitM. (Copyright, 1895, by Azel F. Hatch.) Mr. Horr commenced his argument by the claim In the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, before the discovery of the Immense silver mines of America, the lot of the laboring population ot Europe was never better. Mr. Harvey had disputed this In his book, and Mr. Horr said: "Mr. Harvey and his free-silver friends identify prosperity and the progress of man with the lot of the feudal nobility of Europe and not with that of the toilers. Later I shall show that in his treatment of the present, as of the past, Mr. Harvey stands as the exponent of the rich and not of the toll- ers, whose welfare should first bo considered by the legislation of a state." Mr. Harvey, In his defense, quoted from historians to prove his position, and made this point: "Gold and silver have been honest money for centuries, and under free coinage and equal treatment they have been practically at par with the legal ratio fixed for their coinage. Under . these laws both were money In their own right, each having equal purchasing power and both adapted to use as money. Population and the demand on the money market are growing every year, and there was no good reason for debasing one of these metals, discriminating against it and iq Sold. ar.J on this Ihe^ ts&ald' ftgpind by representing that gold 'waS virttiaily then the standard bt eomm6n consent of ftations; that It ftftd beefl rendered so by the large pi-odtSetloh 6 f gold, and by other specific argatnenta supported by special influences. ThuS it became a bill, innocent oh its face as to demonetizing silver. tSemonetiaation consists principally in closing the mints to a specified metal, thus cutting off the coinage demand for it and leaving It only a commercial Value." Mr. Horr in his reply pointed out what he called Inaccuracies in Mr. Harvey's "Financial School" and ih his statements in the debate. He went on: "T^hts Is what 1 want to call your attention to: About $100,000,000 of foreign sliver had found its way into the country prior to I860. It Was principally Spanish, Mexican and Canadian coin. It had all been made legal tender in the United States by the act of Congress. We nefeded more silver than We had and Cohgress passed laws making all foreign coins legal tendter in this country. I Will read you one of those laws<r-they are scattered all through the statutes prior to 1873.' . ; "Here he took up a copy of the laws of the United States relating to loans and the currency coinage and banking published at Washington. He said a copy could be obtained by any one on writing to the treasury department. He then read from page 240 as follows; 'And be it further enacted that from and after the passage of this act the following foreign silver coins shall pass current as money Within the United States, and to receivable by tale for the payment of all debts and demands, at the rates following, that is to say: The Spanish pillar dollars and the dollars of Mexico, Peru and Bolivia, 1 etc. "The very first law that passed on the subject after the law of 1792 was passed on February 9, 1893, an act regulating foreign coins, making them legal tender and establishing their Value. The language makes all foreign coins named in that act legal tender. If they come Up to a certain standard—that is, if they have so much fine gold and so much fine silver In them, and if they are worth so much, then, and not otherwise." Of the reason for the suspension of silver coinage by President Jefferson Mr. Horr quoted from ofilclal documents. He said: "The director of the mint says, page 88,' No issue of silver dollars was,made from the mint from 1805 to 1836, the coinage having been suspended by the direction of President Jefferson, owing to the fact that their bullion value being greater than their face value they were purchased for export.' The order of suspension Is contained-In a letter under date of May 1, 1806,'addressed to the director of the mint at Philadelphia by James Madison, secretary of state." Mr. Harvey, In his reply, sad: "Jefferson ordered the coins made Into small coins to better serve the people, and on account of the scarcity of silver—both silver and gold were scarce then—there was abundant silver In the world as compared with gold, 30 to 1, but it was not in the United States. Here in the United States sliver was scarce. Jefferson was a patriot and,, a statesman. HP undTstood these little wants of the they are not understood now."' "THE AC* Of 1878, 1 ! MESSRS. AMB bl§CU8S The Jrfttlon's fcohftrcs* AtctiSCcl ot Cttr- rnfitlbi! by tfcc fcna*»l»J«li e< Mfc tiott Vtg'oi-atiiij' ttbnlts tfie tnsatlbft-^A -Ac- Chicago, July 20.—Wheh the third session of the Horr-ttarvey debate began at 11 o'clock yesterday there was a smaller audience preseht than on the preceding occasions, This was probably due to the change of hours for holding the debate. Apparently it was riot as convenient for bankers and business men to attend a session beglnhig at 10 o'clock in the morning and lasting three hours as to attend one from 2 to B o'clock In the afternoon. Ih the qloslng hour of the debate the audience Was largely increased, as a whole being equal to the attendance of the first and second days. The discussion yesterday Was mainly on the congressional legislation in the '70's on the silver question. At the out* set Mr. Harvey started to establish "the crime of 1873," and his statements regarding the manner in,which the bill was passed were startling. He arraigned the nation's congress for selling the nation's; birthright; he branded the statesmen who did the work of 1873 as corrupted, and was stopped only long enough to say that before concluding he would show convincing authority. After ai\ indictment against the pro- motors of the gold standard, which found that the bill which demonetized silver was not the bill which was read in the house,*he passed on to a review of European political crime. He ended with the assurance that documents he would show were good for his every statement. ' Mr. Horr in vigorous language contradicted the assertions of Mr.' Harvey, and declared that there was no evidence of corruption of congress ctmcerning the passage of the act demonetizing silver. There was a battle royal on this topic, and the two champions won frequent applause. At the conclusion of the arguments of the speakers a number of questions were submitted by members of the audience and answered by Messrs. Horr and Harvey. The session ended shortly after 1 o'clock. At the request of Mr. Horr the debate will be suspended to-day and resumed at 1 o'clock to-morrow after- nooon. ft fi Ste* taft Wtafe, m* funniest tfte&f/t i dftottfc&ftftesfi aa fefd fir. Henfy ft WtSt ex-chief 6t tfaB.'8td«Ht-«f biseases, who tt tfiikiftf ft study- of alcbhoHSfii interesting; if net «Sxftcfl$? phases, aetite, enronie'.&nd- "Is held 'by a gfefitleaftft t Somewhat celebrated fetfeat fof. called di&soihahiacs n6t Jaf .. city of Hartford, Conn, This gett!tts'« holds— and he has b'eeh Man^ ' the business— that dfttnkeiifces is tagioiis, just like measles of fever, tie believes that the can be commtinleated^dife&tly frofti who is infected With It to one •W system Is i& a condition td receive thS, infection. According to his theof jf, 'i drunkard should be locked "P* alone for hla own good, but he is a constant menace td when permitted to go atiarge, comical, does it not? Yet the go6dh doctor can expound his theory by ttifr hour, and bring excellent sounding • reasons to his side of the question, As for me, I cannot quite accept the contagion theory, but I would not be surprised to wake up flome day and find In my newspaper that some sciett-* tiat has discovered the bacillus of al- t coholism. I am strongly Impressed'' with the idea, gained from my researches, that there is a microbe en-' 1 gendered by alcoholic drink." A FAMOUS WALL. WILL ARREST CAPT. BECK. destroying the demand for it that gave to it its value in the markets." After some discussion as to the real unit of value, Mr, Harvey went on to describe the demonetization act. of 1873. o said: "To understand how silver could be lemonetized in this republic the reader should understand that we then had paper money, and no silver or gold was n circulation, except in California. The same situation existed in England, fol- owing the French wars in 1816, when siver was dropped from the mints ;her'e. . . "The conspiracy to demonetize silver was regarded by those engaged in it as a business transaction, just as those who visit Washington and other oapi- :als to accomplish by legislation a sugar trust or a trust on school books, or anything else. "The conspiracy originated in London. European financiers had discovered that the demonetization of silver by England had no effect on the commercial parity of the metals at the rtio fixed by France, It was therefore current that in order to break the com-T mercial parity and substantially 'depreciate silver all of the great governments would have to be included in the needed legislation. The subject was discussed among these financiers informally in London and Paris and very few were included among those who understood its ultimate effect. A good deal of diplomacy, concealment and misrepresentation were practiced in securing the co-operation of politicians in Germany, France and the United States, The subject was discussed without disclosing the ultimate aim of those who directed the conference. "Following his trip to London and Paris Mr. Sherman introduced a bill in 1868 that was on its face intended to es- ' tablish the gold standard. Senator Morgan, of New York, jumped on Jt In the Kvlotod Settlers on WlnnobiiRo Reservation Lily lu Arms and Ammunition. Fender, Neb., July 10.—Sheriff Mullen of Thurston County went to the Wln- nebago agency yesterday to serve an injunction upon Capt. William Beck, the Indian agent, restraining him from further evictions of Flournoy company tenants. Beck will decline to yield to the authority of the state courts. It is reported here that the sheriff of Dakota County will join Sheriff Mullen, raise a posse, go to the agency and arrest Beck and his police force and bring them here for trial, There are all sorts of ruinors afloat and it is difficult to substantiate any of them. Omaha, Neb., July 18.—Committees representing settlers evicted on the reservation are in Omaha purchasing 250 rifles, with 100 loaded shells for each. They will be taken to 'Fender and Capt. Beck and his armed Indians will be suiv rounded and captured even if blood flows. ARMS FOR EVICTED TENANTS. Committee from Ponder lluys Gung iiiul Ammunition lit Omalm. Omaha, Neb,, July 20.-^Messrs. Peebles and Harris; who came to Omaha Wednesday night from Fender as a committee to secure rifles for the evicted tenants, yesterday afternoon announced that they had completed their mission, saying: "We have secured the guns which we came for. We were unabje to get exactly what we wanted, but did the best we could. The wholesalers managed to get together for ua 100 rifles and shotguns and 5,000 rounds of ammunition. We had to take riiles of two different makes and of several different sizes. We expect to gain our point by a show of strength, although In case of trouble we are ready to stand by Sheriff Mullin in anything that he may order." Some Facts About It That Ought to 116 , Kcmciiiborod. The entire history of China, like that * of Egypt, Is divided into dynasties.,Thie great Chinese wall was begun by Che- hwang-te, first emperor of the Tsltt^ dynasty, 240 B. C. It forms the northern boundary of China, and was built • to prevent invasions from thai dlrec- tion. Every third man in the empire, was required to give his help to build it, and it took five years to complete.'it.! The wall Is not solid, but consists of' two thick walls, filled in with earth; every foot of the foundation, however,', is of solid granite. It is lined with bat- 1 tlements and towers, and is so wido < that six horsemen may easily Tide. abreast on Its top. The Jowers itwJ about one hundred yards apart, -•a there are steps here and there for per-1 sons to ascend. Recently, in a sur-j vey for a Chinese railroad, this stu-1 pendous barrier was measured; ' tho' measurement gave the height as, eight-i, een feet, and the length as thirteen. ;J'^ hundred miles. It goes over, the moun- ? tains and plains, crosses rivers and ffa- verses great marshes. It is estimated • to contain enough material to girdle tho earth with two walls, each two feet in.' thickness and seven feet in height. Koblxul cuicl .Kansas City, July IS.—Miss Sara. Mead, thirty-two years old, a former school teacher of Greenwich, Conn,, who' met Div J. L. Walker, of Des Mollies, Iowa, in this city by appointment on June S and was married to him on tho same day in Kansas City, Kas., has discovered that her husband is false and that she has been the victim of a most cruel desertion. Her husband has left her, and, worse still, he has taken her .gold watch and $1,200 In money, leaving her more than 1,000 miles from homo j with only $10. • Still Entombed lu tho Mine. Iron Mountain, Mich,, July 20.—There Is no longer any doubt that some of tho miners' entombed in the Pewablc Iron mine are still alive. At il o'clock last night the large force of workmen in th« rescue party under the direction.of Superintendent Clark, had reached a point within a few feet of the men, and could distinguish their voices, and were In momentary expectation of reaching them, While it Is not known whether all the men have escaped injury it is hoped that such is the case, The list of thoso in the mine is as follows: Frank Bo.wden, Edward Webb, Peter J, Carbon, T. F. Johnson, M Someni, Paul ITarrettl, James Canln'o, M, Kuanl, Anse Fleming, Was on a Miirdorous Zanesvllle, Ohio, .July Sd.-^Henry Stenecke, one of the most prominent residents of Cambridge, entered his home yesterday afternoon armed with a revolver and fired two shots at his wife, one of which inflicted a flesh wound. He also fired several shots at his three children, none of which took effect. Stenecke then sent a bullet into his own head, killing himself instantly. Forest Vires Start Traverse City, Mich., July fires have broen out again west and southeast of the city, fanned by strong winds, and farmers have been kept busy trying to save their houses and buildings. There has not been enough rain to wet things down in over six weeks and everything is dry as tinder, Seyen thousand ties along the track near Leroy are burning and trains aro delayed. SetbfU'Ic Tqr SorhUIsm. London, July 18.— The Times gives finance committee with all fours. And j prominence to a letter" signed by Mr. Sherman saw that Morgan understood genuine bimetallism and this bill died that day and was. never heard of again. Senator Morgan's term of office expired in Ibv9 and' at the very next session another bill made its'appearance. Those who took an open and avowed interest ifi the new measure were Mr. Linder- mmi, director of the mint; Mr, Knox, the comptroller of the treasury, who at the end pt'hls term of office became president of a, ita.tloual bank in New Vork; John Sherman in the senate and Representatives) Hooper, of Massachusetts, and fHoughton, 01' Michig'ari, jn the St. Clair McKelway, editor of the Brooklyn Eagle, in which Mr. McKelway says he regards the elections in Great Britain as a check ta,socialistic tendency and thereby of value to every division of the English-speaking world. Charged with ICloctloji Fnmds. Chicago, 111,, July 20,—As a result of great frauds discovered in the recount of the Belknap-MaGann ballots, election judges and clerks are summoned to appear to-day at 2 o'clock before the Board of ISlcetlon Commissioners, and tell of their connection with the apparent robbery. An expose of election frauds Is promised. The: Secret of GlamlH. In a certain drawing room the other afternoon we were talking of some.' s T/ell-known superstitions and, among:-' others, of that secret room in the castle ' , of Glamis, which, Sir Walter Scott tells J ; us, is known only to the earl of Strath- > J more, his heir-apparent,, and one other 1 " person in whom the earl may 'choose-'to confide. One of our party told us., an amusing story concerning this , secret 9hamber of Glamis. Once, when ' stopping at the castle in autumn, a curious and indiscreet visitor took advantage of the host's absence to sug-' gest a plan by which the whereaboxits. >' of the hidden chamber should be re- ' vealed. The castle was full and it was -1 proposed that each guest should hasten. to his or her room and hang nis or her pillow out of the window, while one : visitor was told to mark off such win-flow as displayed no white signal. In the middle of carrying out this pretty ' plan the master of the castle returned' ' unexpectedly and great was his wratji ' ' at this unseemly curiosity. Never had'. ', the owner of Glamis appeared in so. towering a passion. The display of ' 'i temper is hardly ^to be woudere^ at,'" for the Glamis secret is regavded with " an extraordinary seriousness by tKa Strathmore family ?ind when imparted ', ' to the heir has been known to fill "' with gloom hard to ajspel,— Sketch, I'liltlmim }u I'oru,* ' '^ Platinum was first obtained in Peru, ' and has since been found in other lo^ calities, such as Canada, Oregon, tUfT West Indies, pvazjl, Columbia, U.kiah, Gal,, July 20.— Deacon Oldhan), the prominent Baptist churc'iman on trial for stage robbery, was sentenced to twelve years in Folsom Prison. Oldham planned the robbery in which Hil- ton.who was in the deacon's employ, was the principal. They divided $1,000, Hilton, the principal, received only eight years. etc,, but the chief supply o£ platjnujn,"' ore comes from the Ural mountains, }$,,* Siberia. It was there discpvered in."\ beds of auriferous sands in 183?, ftfld^* has been worked by the Russian goy-? 1 "; eminent since 1828. < '", MEN ABOUT^ "The bill this tims went to a commit- ree in 'which thv t'jcond attemp^ to leave out the silver dullar was again fiis< covered, and it' was i:;sened at the r^tiu of 15Vi to 1, which vas th<# l< 1», rylio. HUSH provided lor a dollar of SM grnl"^'. This wan the t-nuivalent of tht i-i'v". h y-l'rano piece. "To i;.w >< this duller 0«t loudly fci'm'* last 'momt-ut tfton ' A to Snowed Uurtor. London, July 19.—The result of yesterday's polling leaves the different parlle-s in the following condition: Conserve tives, 230; Liberal Unionists, 39; total unionists, 369; Liberals, 05; MpOarthy- i.tes, 2S; Pa,rnellit<?s, c; Labor 2. Total opposition, IQl- l, to Euvojio. New York, July 18,—Tho firm of NBB. slage, Colgate ^ Co. has shipped 00,0 Jri gold ;'ar Kvirupo on tbo ste& St. J+duls.of the Aiuer|qan. Kli'ct Odk'crs. Denver, Colo., July 20.— The Association of American Agricultural Colleges and Experimental Stations, which is holding Us ninth annuuj convent(uo t tn this city,' ejected 8. W. Joljnsou, Connecticut, president. Other afflcors wore n\sf> elected. Minneapolis 'was, c i h,osen as the place for the next meetiiiH, Omahu, Web., July 30.—Owing tP'*ck>n,- UnueU poor business lh,e Wes^tfru A§^o- ciutioo has d.«e,ldW to (*biiwlcu\ Omjalpia after Suiido.yv'ji gahiv- •,> Uvts aro cl Rosebery, (he English, premier 1,'fe Is a great student of the Bible. "A',^ Julia Ward Howe says that I^ongte|»,^/ low was a SQod deal uf u lUuuJy in Ma'>><'$ youth. , \. '" Edison's fondness far eleetria science ^,'| is only surpassed by his admiration, pjiildren, Arthur Palfour, the lender of the servatlve opposition in "the house commons, \a a, bicycle rider. Charles pickens, the yyuna^r. ,:eedecl th$ late James Sto$ as a adviser to the house of Macmljlfuj in-London. ' . v , t, Mftody, a son of the^ 1 ' , who Js in (iha.r§'t> Q| aV in jMqunt H^i'mon, s'phaoi, has veloped ••»—".i-«.. -.-....~-»..'-i. ..<_ Me speaker, ' Robert 'J, Co«}£i , flMj^

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