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FRIDAY, JULY J, 1954 BLYTHEVILLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS PAGE fTVl U.S., Some Southeast Asian Nations May Form Alliance Without Britain (Continued from Page 1) never join in a Southeast Asian anti-Communist pact. Another development parallel •with the Churchill talks here was the visit of Red China's premier and foreign minister, Chou En-lai, to Pandit Nehru on his way home from Geneva. fa *H these matters initiative •eemed to rest with the French in trying to get an Indochina peace, with the British in trying to find a new approach to the Asian problem, and with Red China in trying to woo Nehru out of his chosen neutralism into a friendlier attitude toward Peiping. Some of the nations most friendly to the United States in the Southwest Pacific-Southeast Asia area are distressed by the way things have gone. The recently re-elected Australian government has hardened its position on Southeast Asia and now is urging action much faster than is Britain. New Zealand seems to have taken the same position. At a meeting here Wednesday, representatives of Australia, New Zealand and the United States expressed "satisfaction" — apparently a carefully selected word — with the Churchill Eisenhower agreement that plans for a collective Asian defense should be pressed forward. But among themselves they agreed upon, and announced, a "need for immediate action." Diplomats say the Philippines and Thailand feel the same way about it. Secretary Dulles has before him a plan to go ahead quickly and create some kind of a coalition-by common understanding or agreement among nations willing to cooperate — and to do so with or without Britain. Eden has taken the position it will require a long time to work out a treaty. Even when Indo- chinese peace negotiations have taken a decisive turn, perhaps within the next 18 days, American authorities are not sure how enthusiastically the British will act on a security system; For that matter, some of the best informed and most astute U.S. authorities are not sure how quickly this country can move either. • * * Watching parts of Indochina "go down the drain," as the saying is, the government clearly has been of two minds. Some authorities like Dulles (at least last March) and Adm. Arthur W. Radford, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, felt the United States had to intervene to save Indochina. There were others who talked strongly and publicly about the possible need for intervention, among them Sen- 'ate Republican Leader Knowland and Vice President Nixon. Still others such' as Secretary of Defense Wilson made clear that no money nor authority was being asked of Congress for such action and Secretary of the Treasury Humphrey virtually ruled it out with statements about keeping taxes at nonemergency levels. It is always difficult for a nation with divided councils at home to exert vigorous leadership abroad, French diplomats pointed this out privately. So did the British and others. There were forces in Britain pressing toward separate action on her part. The United States itself took the position that Izicc^^a was a French problem and the French would have to solve it as best they could. It is difficult to say when the chances of American intervention dropped off virtually to zero. It probably was shortly after the fall of the fortress of Dien Bien Phu. It became apparent then that the French could not continue indefinitely to fight the war with the combat help of only native forces while policy makers of the Allied world haggled over the conditions and circumstances under which one or another nation might join in and give help. Fishing in such muddy and troubled waters as those which cover the whole disastrous Indochina situation, American officials at the moment are able to define the best and worst they hope for.. At best they believe that the French - Communist negotiations may produce a settlement which will keep most of. Indochina free. They envision such a settlement as partitioning Viet Nam, between the Reds in the North and the native non-Communist government in the South, and leaving Laos and Cambodia whole and free to run their own affairs. At the worst — and there is a possibility this is the way it may go — the Reds would take over a large area of Viet Nam and get political agreements covering the rest of that state and of Laos and Cambodia which would pave the way for successful Red infiltration'- and seizure of power later.on. That way all of Indochina would go down the drain. There is a chance, of course, that the peace negotiations will collapse. Eisenhower and Churchill agreed to prepare for collective defense whether the war goes on or not. But in fact, the strong hope is now based, as one official put it, on a conviction that the Communists "simply can't be so stupid" as to throw away the opportunity to make an extremely favorable settlement in Indochina with the new Pierre Mendes-^rance government at Paris. If the war does go on, then the whole question of intervention will again become a live issue. But there is no evidence that the Eisenhower administration would again crank up the strong enthusiasm shown by some of it* leaders two to three months Ago for inter* ventlon. * • • * A peace failure now might stiffen the French policy; it might tlso result in a kind of collapst. But the Communists do risk a dif- it would ge given "a real good try" because the alternative is a devastating war from which the Allies would emerge "victorious on a heap of ruins." The same question about the possibility of co-existence was addressed to Eisenhower at a news conference two days later. He said he too hoped ror peacerui co-existence but then declared he would never be party to any treaty that "makes anybody a slave" and wanted nothing to do with any appeasement of the Communists. Many who heard both men gain the impression that though both would like nothing better than assurance of peaceful co-existence with Russif., Churchill has some faith that it is a practical possibility and Eisenhower has little or no such faith. The public statements did not develop it, but Churchill as the leader of a nation living on a tight little vulnerable island, has another feeling that the President does not seem to share, at least to the same extent. Tha* is a pressing compulsion to go to almost any lengths to find some way of making terms with the Communists because of the dreadful alternative of an increasing danger of conflict. The British point of view is not that of the United States and Russia, whose apprehensions about destruction are quite often obscured by muscle-flexing in the form of new jet bomber flights and atomic weapons claims. England is no longer a champion in a world of two giants. It is desperately seeking a way to prevent the giants from coming, to blows. For many months now this effort has tended to pull it away from the United States. ferent kind of war if they present demands so. tough that even Mendes-France cannot tolerate them. Despite the winding trail followed by U. S. diplomacy over the past 12 weeks, the threat of American intervention does stand in the background. There it may have some influence on Red estimates of what they ought to do. But it is only a background threat, and is neither sharp enough nor flexible enough t<~ be used as a means of decisively influencing the kind of settlement which might be agreed upon. One reason the United States is not now able to exercise a more decisive influence is that there seems to be no agreement either inside the U. S. government or outside it among allies as to where any Indochina dividing line can be drawn and therefore what commitments can be promised. There is some apprehension here that as part of any deal the Reds will demand and may well get French recognition for Communist China. Some authorities at least regard this as a probability. Coupled with existing British recognition and with British efforts to improve relations with Red China, French acceptance of the Peiping regime would strengthen Red China's bid for membership in the United Nations in place of Nationalist China. The United States recognizes the Nationalists and its policy in that respect is rock-hard. The whole issue may well develop fast enouglufor a showdown in the U.N. meetings in the fall. The Red China .problem is one of the most disruptive in British- American relations. It has caused more political attacks on Britain here, and more on the United States in Britain, than probably any other question. j Furthermore, the passage of ' time seems not to mellow but to freeze the opposing policies. In Congress now there is talk of pulling the United States out of the U. N. if Red China goes in. That would split this country apart from its allies to an extreme degree since, at least, on paper, the defensive alliances to which . the United States belongs, generally acknowledge a legal link with the U. N. and are regarded by many of the other members as doing U. N. work in the face of Russia's veto. * * • There is, finally a deeper difference between the United States and Britain—or between Churchill and Eisenhower—which, was dramatically exposed in the statements made by the President and Prime Minister to newsmen this week, even- though their joint statements emphasized harmony and glossed over contradictions of view. Churchill built his rambling remarks to a press luncheon—and so to the American people—on the theme that peaceful co-existence with Russia is possible. He said LITTLE UZ— 7-2 When a person's ship comes tn, it's unfortunate that he's often too old to navigate. ORDINANCE NO. 554 AN ORDINANCE DEFINING, LICENSING AND REGULATING JUNK YARDS; JUNK DEALERS; JUNK, AUTOMOBILE WRECKING AND SALVAGE OPERATIONS; ESTABLISHING FEES FOR THE LICENSING THEREOF AND PROVIDING PENALTIES. BE IT ORDAINED BY THE CITY COUNCIL OF BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS: SECTION 1. DEFINITIONS. 1. Automobile Wrecking. The dismantling or wrecking of used mo- tor vehicles or trailers, or the storage, sale or dumping of dismantled, partially dismantled, obsolete, or wrecked vehicles, or their parts. 2. Junk Yard. A place where waste, discarded or salvaged metals, used plumbing fixtures, and other materials are bought, sold, exchanged, stored, baled, or cleaned, and places or yards for the storage of salvaged materials and equipment from house .wrecking, and salvaged structural steel materials and equipment, or storage of wrecked or dismantled automobiles, junk farm machinery, wrecked airplanes, etc. 3. Salvage Yard. A place where used parts of automobiles or other equipment are collected and processed for resale. SECTION 2. LICENSE REQUIRED. No individual, partnership, or corporation shall keep, conduct, or maintain any junk yard or salvage yard, or engage in the business of automobile wrecking without first having obtained and paid for a license as hereinafter provided. SECTION 3. ISSUANCE OF LICENSE. The City Clerk is hereby authorized and empowered to issue licenses as required by Section 2 j hereof, after he has received reports and recommendations from the Mayor, City Engineer, Fire Department, Health Department, and. the Police Department. Before issuing any license for a junk yard, salvage yard, or automobile wrecking business, the City Clerk shall refer the application to the Mayor, City Engineer, Fire Department, Health Department, and the Police Department for their investigation. SECTION 4. APPLICATION. Application for license must be made in writing to the City Clerk, and residence of the applicant, or members of the firm "or corporation, residence for the past five years, and the location and type of business he expects to operate. Application shall be made by the person or persons who is to be actively engaged in the business. Licenses may not be assigned or transferred. SECTION 5. INVESTIGATION. Before granting such a license the Mayor, City Engineer, Fire Department, Health Department, and the Police Department shall make an investigation of the person, firm or corporation applying for the license and of the location of the proposed business. If any of the departments shall find that the proposed business will tend to creave a hazard to the public health, a fire hazard, or that it will tend to de- HAT CLEANING and REBLOCKING We clean and reblock both men's and ladies' hats. We also retriro them — new bands in arid out. New edging? on brims if necessary. Our panama hat work is tops, five us a trial! Repair work and alterations expertly done. James Whi Phone 3-9923 or 3-3305 917 S. 16th St. cr NORTH SATURDAY IS THE a.m. to 9 p.m, Hundre Values Furniture - Plumbing Goods Building Materials Reduct predate property in the area unduly, or that it will tend to retard the natural development of the area, or that it will constitute a violation of any of the Ordinances of the City of Blytheville the said license shall not be granted. Provided, however, that the applicant may appeal any adverse decison to the City Council. SECT10N T ~ 6. ISSUANCE OF LICENSE. Provided further that the City Clerk may refuse to issue a license for a junk yard or junk, automobile wrecking and salvage operations, if the establishment of the same in any given location in or at which the applicant seeks to establish such junk yard, automobile wrecking and salvage business would prove in the opinion and sound discretion of the City Council, detrimental to the public health, safety, morals or welfare of the City of Blytheville. Said license shall be issued for a period of not more than one year for each person, corporation, or firm engaged in said business, and that the fee for said license shall be $50.00 per annum. SECTION 7. COMPLIANCE BOND. A bond running to the City of Blytheville, Arkansas, in the amount of One Thousand ($1,000.00) Dollars, shall be posted by the licensee with the City Clerk guaranteeing full compliance with the terms and provisions of this ordinance and the Zoning Ordinance of the City of Blytheville, Arkansas, relating to the kind and character of the business ror wnich the license was issued. SECTION 8. LOCATION OF SITE. Provided further that in no event shall a license be issued for a junk yard, automobile wrecking or salvage yard, as above defined, whose property is closer than three hundred (300) feet distance from the boundary of any. business or resi- ', dential property. That the location shall further comply with the provisions of all zoning ordinances of the City of Blytheville, with re-i spect to the said business, and shall j not adversely affect the appropriate use of property in the neighborhood. This section will not apply to businesses already established as of this date whose licenses have been paid. SECTION 9. MAINTENANCE OF SITE AND CONDUCT OF BUSINESS FOE WHICH LICENSE IS ISSUED. The site shall be maintained at all times in an orderly and sanitary manner so as not to create a fire or health hazard or to constitute a nuisance for reason of noise or disagreeable odors, fumes, or unsightly conditions. No burning shall be permitted on the premises except within a building or in an incinerator; said building and incinerator shall be of such construction and of such materials as to comply with the practice recommended by the National Board of Fire Underwriters. Junk, Auto Salvage yards or Auto Wrecking Yards shall be within a building completely enclosed with walls and a -oof. or within a yard enclosed on aui sides by a fence acceptable to the Fire Department and the City Engineer. Said fence or walls shall be constructed not closer than ten (10) feet from the property line. Materials of any kind shall not be piled or stacked higher than a plane formed by the top of the surrounding wall or fence. SECTION 19. OPERATION OF BUSINES. No licensee shall purchase any second hand materials from any person or persons under the age of eighteen years. No licensee shall purchase any second hand or junk automobile from any person or persons without first securing a good and valid title from the seller. SECITON 11. PENALTY FOR VIOLATION. Any person violating any of the provisions of this ordinance shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of not less than $25.00 and not more than $50.00 for each offense, and for every day thereafter that such person shall violate any term or provision of this ordinance, he shall be deemed guilty of a separate of- fense. Any .violation of any provlt- ion of this ordinance shall b« grounds for suspension or revocation of said license. SECTION 12. EMERGENCY CLAUSE. Whereas, junJc yards, automobile wrecking and automobile a»lvag« businesses, if not properly conducted, create an unsightly condition, unreasonable noise, smoke, obnoxious smells, as well as, fire hazards, depreciates the values of property in the area, and retard the natural development of the area, an emergency is hereby declared and this ordinance being necessary for the public health, safety, morals, welfare and convenience of the people of the City of Blytheville, shall be in full force and effect from, and after its passage. DATE: June 29, 1954. E. B. JACKSON, Mayor. W. L MAUN, City Clerk. Osceola Machine Works of Osceoia, Ark., IS NOT for sale or lease... Now or Later A. L Boyce SATURDAY SPECIALS SELECTED LOTS OF LADIES SHOES $|oo PAIR Hundreds of New Styles Have Been Added ...SOME IN NARROW WIDTHS One Group Ladies Shoes New Shoe* with "Nome" Brands 1"&2 99 One Group Men's Better Shoes Many More Have Been Added! 4 99 The Shoe Box 114 Wtir Main — Next Door to Wade't furniture "Tn* Lftt/t Stort with Big VO/UM for fnt fntirt family"