^^^^^! -ff, » Apli Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor - Alex. H. Washburn Paper Pioneer Helped South to a New Day The morning papers report the nth. Sunday in Mobile, Ala., of JMlwnid M. Mnyo, 77, who is credited with being the first man to make sulphate paper pulp from Southern pine. He made his first successful pulp 'run" at Orange, Texas, in 1011, later becoming production manager lor till the Southern mills of the Kraft corporation. Years later, at Savannah, Ga., the late Dr. Charles H. Herty followed Mr. Mayo's discovery by producing newsprint pulp from pine— opening up to the South the lurthcr market of supplying to the nation's newspaper the coarse white paper on which they arc printed. The first test run on Hcrly pine uncwsprlnt was made by nine Georgia dailies in 1333, and this writer obtained and kept on exhibit at The Star office for many months a complete file of the Georgia test papers. In 1040 the first mill in the world using the Hcrty process opened for business at Lufkin, Texas, and The Star was a charger contract-holder. Our renders know that the Hcrty sheet Is a good one, having seen it tested by their own newspaper continuously for six years. The Lufkin mill has been increased in size, and a second newsprint mill is cither projected or building in Alabama. But all of this may have started back in 1911 when the late Mr. Mayo made his first discovery about the possibilities of Southern pine in the manufacture of white papers— a market formerly sup- lied by Northern spruce. The South owes Mr. Mayo a great debt, for in such technological advances lies the future of our section. By JAMES THRASHER Politicians' Opportunity The House Banking and Currency Committee has a chance to bring our confused economic picture into better focus during its hearings on the proposed one-year extension of OPA. Whether the members will grasp that oppor- ^tunity depends on their inclina- lition and ability to rise above politics and consider the question with responsible statesmanship. The country doesn't need any more accusations and rccrimina- tionsy They have been enough of tho/i'e already. OPA on the one hafcd and manufacturers and rc- taijcrs on the other have charged et^ch other with desiring and pro- mMLng inflation. The result has bor/it'a great deal of heat, but little light. It is time to weigh the facts and 'strike a balance. Federal Reserve experts recently ••reported that production and in- ,>co»1SL,/U'c above prcyipus pcacc- • ' tlme* r rcc6rds ;' ' Hhaf ^ni jjloyment, except in agriculture, mining, construction and a couple of other fields, is above average; that unemployment is well below the busy year of 1941. Yet Bernard M. Baruch, a brilliant and responsible elder statesman, told the House committee that his principal message in our present domestic crisis was, "Increased production." And any ~ consumer knows that, no mutter iprwhat the experts say, there are appalling shortages in the three fundamentals; food, clothing and shelter. One doesn't need to be a professional economist to recognize that real estate values are inflated, or that some types of clothing, such as men's suits, shirts and underwear, aren't to be had except in the most expensive styles, and that many foods remain scarce while, in some cities, the black market flourishes as it nc- «vcr did during the war. • Each side has its explanations. Businessmen say that OPA won't grant them relief, refuses to hear their complaints, denies thenn a reasonable profit, discriminates against established firms in favor of newcomers, and either forces manufacturers out of business or into new fields where they have no experience, but which offer a profitable price ceiling. OPA charges many manufacturers and speculators with staging a production sitdown, or using A'abor costs as an excuse for asking ^exorbitant price increases, or indulging in other selfish practices which would rush the country into uncontrolled inflation. Continued on Page Two Hope Star WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Fair this afternoon, tonight, and Tuesday; continued warm. 47TH YEAR: VOL. 47—NO. 143 Star of Moot. 1899: Pr«st. 1927. Consolidated January 18. 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, APRIL 1, 1946 Primary Negro Right to Vote Upheld Washington, April 1 — W Supreme Court today declined to review lower federal court rulings that Negroes are entitled to vote in Democratic primary elections in Georgia. The rulings were given on litigation begun by Primus E. King, Negro of Muscogec County, Gn., who was denied the right to vote in a recent primary. A U. S. district court in Georgia said the denial violated King's rights under cavalry 1 )— The Ghosts of Lee, Custer and Patton Stir Uneasily as Army Abolishes the Cavalry By EDWARD E. BOMAR Washington, April 1 — (/P)— Military men heard with sentimental regret today that the War Department has decided to abolish the cavalry as a separate branch of the army. There was 110 official confirmation, but service publications report that a general army reorganization proposal awaiting President Truman's approval calls for merging the horse outfits with the armored force. Trends in World War II were all in that direction. Fast moving ® the federal constitution. The federal court of appeals in New Orleans upheld the district court. Members of the Muscogec county Dcmocralic executive committee, wno were in charge of the primary, said King was denied a vole because of a party rule restricting the election to while electors. In petitioning for a review they said: "The petitioners are honestly and sincerely of the opinion that under Georgia law, and under the Georgia system wherein a party fought reconnaissance colorfully on outfits several fronts, but they travelled in light tanks and armored car rather than on horseback. The First Cavalry Division fought on foot in the Pacific, and Negro troopers of the Second Cavalry Division were employed in service units after the North Africa landing. The horse cavalry did see some action, though, in the China-India- Burma theater. There the 124th Regimental Combat team which voluntarily comes into being and is I stemmed from a Texas National not created by law, they have ;i righl 10 contmo the right of suffrage in primaries to white cili- The Supreme Court gave no reason for its refusal to review. First Court Cases Set for April 8 Hempslead Circuit Court met briefly this morning to organize for the April term. Jury lists were checked, jurors sworn in, and first cases were set for trial next Monday, April 8. City General ^Election on Tuesday Voters of the City of Hope will go to the polls Tuesday in a general fled ion which will certify the unopposed Democratic candidates for municipal office. Polling places: Ward One: Fire Station. Ward Two: Courthouse. Wards Three and Four: City 4/all. The State Police Say: A little horse-sense added to the horse-power helps hold accidents down. YOU must furnish the horse-sense to avoid having an accident. Guard outfit operated. It remains the army's only such unit. Men familiar with War Department planning for the atomic age are inclined to doubt that the re- Wnshington, April 1 — (/P)—The Supreme Court today upheld con- stitutionalily of the "death sentence" clause of the public utility holding company act. The clause requires interstate gas and electric holding companies to limit their operations to a single, integrated system. The court ruled on an appeal by the giant North American Company from an order by the Securities and Exchange Commission. SEC directed North American to divest itself of all but one on its securities systems. Justice Murphy delivered the court's 6-0 decision. Justices Douglas, Reed and Jackson disqualified themselves, leaving a bare legal quorum of six judges to decide the case. North American was organized in 1890. It has engaged in acquiring and holding for investment slocks -and other securities, principally in Hie clcclric utility iicld. Its system consisted of 80 companies operating in 17 stales and the District of Columbia. The main office is in New York City. The company said the SEC order, issued in 1942, required it to dispose of assets which cost about $190,000,000. SEC told North American to confine its activities to a system in the St. Louis area. The federal circuit court in New York City upheld the order .and affirmed constitutionality of the clause. North American appealed to the Supreme Court in February, 1943. But the tribunal was unable to act plan contemplates army's remaining organization puling the horses out to pasture. Rather they think it will limit horse cavalry units to a few outfits trained for specialized tactics in rugged tor- ain. Abolition of the cavalry as a separate branch would be the final :haptcr in a spectacular military listory studded by such names ns Robert E. Lee, George A. Cuslcr, and George S. Paton. Lee resigned from command of the old Second Regiment in 18G1 as a lieutenant colonel to lead the armies of the Soulh, The Seventh was under Cuslcr's command at the 1876 battle of the Little Big Horn. Patton regretfully took leave of horses, but employed cavalry dash in winning renown as the best known tank commander of World War II. Secretary of War Patterson is scheduled to speak Thursday at exercises dedicating an academic building at Fort Rilcy, Kas., to Paton's memory. The army's reported plans now call for merging this cavalry institution with the armored force school. Well before Pearl Harbor the cavalry was fighting a losing battle to keep its place with the other military branches. In the 1941 Louisiana maneuvers there was an experiment with portec cavalry in which horses were transported in vans. But the official decision was thumbs down. Before war's end, an official army board which studied tactics in the European theater reported that there was no longer a separate place in the modern army for the cavalry. ( A i? 1 rr M ?, ons Associated Press INEA)—Means Newsoao«r Enterorlse Ass'n. PRICE 5c COPY previously because it quorum in the case. lacked a The Justice Department told the Supreme Court the act was passed in 1935 after Congress found "many evils" grew out of holding company activities. The department said these included "inflationary write-ups, acquisition of properties at grossly uniair prices, and preoccupation of management with financial maneuvering rather than efficient nroriiiniinn ,'ind distribution of gas and electricity and the meeting of iucui needs. Red Cross Total Near $7,000 Mark Previously reported $6,826,99 Columbus Mr. & Mrs. R. C. Stuart 10.00 F. O. Middlebrooks 2.00 Jim H. Stuart 1.00 Mr. & Mrs. Howard G. Hall 1.00 B. D. Mitchell 1,00 Robl. Sipes 1.00 Mr. & Mrs. Allen Downs 2.50 Wilson & Downs 5.00 Delancy Munn 15 Dan Hamilton 01 C. R.' White 1.00 R. C. McCorklc 1.00 Mrs. J. R. Autrcy 1.00 Mrs. C. R. White 1.00 Masonic Lodge 5.00 A. E. Bishop 50 A. T. Bishop 1.00 Continued on Page Two Defendant Is Upheld by High Court Litle Rock, April 1 —(/P)— The Arkansas Supreme Court ruled today that a litigant who injects incompetent testimony into a suit cannot complain when the oppos- 'ng litigant docs likewise. The ruling was contained in an opinion by Associate Justice R. W. ilobins upholding a Craighcad circuit decree for Charles Lamb, uamb was sued by A. H. Eaves n behalf of his 12-year-old daughter, Wanda, for injuries suffered when struck by Lamb's truck Jan. 1G, 1945. Eaves' appeal was based on the contention that the circuit court had erred in allowing witnesses to testify for Lamb that the child "on numerous other occasions x x xhad run in front of cars driven by these witnesses." "In the first place, when this testimony was olfcred by appellee (Lamb), appellant had already introduced testimony relating to the same mater," the court said. "Where one party introduces incompetent testimony, he cannot complain of the action of the court in allowing the other party to in; troducc the same character of evidence directed to the same point at issue " The Supreme Court affirmed a Little River circuit decree ordering full disability benefits to Talbert F. Bowman, Little River county planter, under a $15,000 policy with Mutual Life Insurance Co., New York. Bowman charged that a chronic throat ailment had forced him to relinquish active operation of his plantation. Also affirmed was a Scott chancery decree directing Grady Hand to pay into the estate of the late E. M. Fuller $1000 with six percent interest from Jan. 4, 1938, foi stock he had held as trustee foi Fuller in an automobile firm anc a hardware company. The court denied a rehearing on its recent ruling that Revenue Commissioner Otho A. Cook could collect the two percent sales tax on telegraphed flower orders delivered in Arkansas although the sale originated out-of-state. The ruling was protested by Burley C. ohnson, operator of Quality Flow TRUCK FIRE Someone turned in a fire alarm about a burning truck to the Hope Fire Department this afternoon, but the location wasn't described well enough for the firemen to find it. Later the department was informed the fire had been put out anyway. PaulGeren in Race for Congressman Paul Gcrcn, prominent South Arkansas author, educator, and World War II veteran, made for- nal announcement that he will a candidate for Congress, Seventh Arkansas district, subject to action of the Democratic primary .his summer. Mr. Gcrcn is a native of South Arkansas, and comes from a well <nown Union County family. His father is Rev. H. M. Geren of El Dorado and his mother is the former Julia Goodwin, daughter of the late Hugh Goodwin of Union County. He is seeking his first' political office after having been a teacher of economics at Louisiana State University, Rangoon University, and'Punjab University in the Orient. He served for more than three years with the armed forces overseas. He received his public school education in El Dorado, .attended El Dorado High School and Junior College, Baylor University, and received his Ph.D. in economics at Harvard. Paul Geren Mr. Geren was teaching at Ran- 400,000 Quit Mines; Coal Rationing on Pitsburgh, April 1 — (A>)— A work stoppage by the nation's soft coal miners, backing up the traditional "no contract, no work" policy of the AFL-United Mine workers, began today for 400,000 workers Whose collective bargaining contract expired at midnight. ;Calm settled over the coal fields. President John L. Lewis of the union, said there would be no picketing. Rationing of coal was started on government orders to insure supplies for urgent uses. The stoppage in production, if prolonged, threatened to disrupt the country's reconversion program. Already, one major steel company announced it would have to bank 20 blast furnaces. "The beginning of the work stoppage found members of the union ready for a holiday anyway — the annual celebration of April 1 in honor of John Mitchell, one of the union's earliest presidents, and to commemorate the 48th anniversary of the eight-hour dayy. Actually, the effects of the strike therefore wil not be felt until tomorrow. President Lewis' principal de mand from the coal industry is the establishment of a health and welfare fund for miners, to be created from an assessment on each ton of coal produced and to be administered by the union. The operators balked. The national coal association said such a "royalty payment" levied for the benefit of the union," would make Lewis "a dictator more powerful than any America has ever known." Lewis refused to discuss other major issues of wages and hours until the welfare fund question is settled. Hope was held out that the slop- page would be brief. Operators and union representatives remained in Washington to continue negotiations. Secretary Schwellenbach, who on Saturday gave up hope of averting the walkout, named Paul Fuller of Akron, O., as a special mediator to represent him at the conferences. Fuller also is special conciliator in the rubber industry, in which he achieved agreement without a strike, Schwellenbach said. Reports from coal areas said arrangements had been complete previously for union maintenance men to keep the pits in condition and Schwellenbach asserted he had assurance from Lewis that utilities dependent on coal would be provided for. .-"Estimates - 61 Coal stocks - on- hand in the steel and some other industries ranged from piles that would last from two to eight weeks if current operations were continued. However, the Magazine Steel said some mills have only a one week's supply on hand. Automobile spokesmen said a stopage in coal would not be felt immediately, but a shutdown in steel would affect auto production "within a relatively few days." Likewise, a representative of the New York Central estimated most railroads have a month's supply of coal, but that if production was still cut off then operations would be "seriously hampered." Principally affected are the pivotal coal producing states of Pennsylvania and West Virginia employing one-half of the nations' soft coal mines. Many of the states produce coal, but the largest other producing states are Illinois, Kentucky, Ohio, Indiana, Alabama, and Virginia. In West Virginia, floodlights played over silent mine mouths and tipples this morning at 12:01 a. m., the hour the contract terminated. There was no activity to break the quiet which set in after final shifts were fined by the miners Saturday. At the same hour the government took over control of shipment and distribution of soft coal under orders of the Solid Fuels Administration. Retailers were directed to distribute supplies only British Fear Reds Leaving Their Arms to Rebels in Iran 200 Held for Attempted Nazi Revolt Frankfurt, April 1 — (UP) — American and British counter-intelligence agents held 200 suspected "postwar" Nazis for questioning today after a surprise midnight roundup which smashed an attempt to form a.new Hitler-type government in Germany. American authorities said the 200 suspects were picked up "without a hitch" and that 80 percent of the "targets" had been arrested in the -® New York, April 1 — (UP)—Pre-® mier Ahmad Ghavam of Iran, an- j swering charges that he and his' representative at the UNO Security Council disagreed, today threw his unequivocal support behind the case presented to the council against the Soviet Union by Iranian Ambassador Hussein Ala. Black Market Operations With Navy Supplies Charged in Investigation at Hawaii Honolulu, April 1 (UP)— A five-month investigation of alleged gambling, black market and embezzlement activities in the 14th Naval Dsritict has turned up what an authoritative source termed the "most sordid chapter in the navy's wartime history," the Honolulu Advertiser said today. The Advertiser's informant, whose name can not now be revealed, said sensational evidence of the asserted irregularities has been sent to Washington following an investigation conducted by Rear Adm. A. K. Doyle, of the navy inspector's division. The investigation was touched off by Col. Ivan C. Stickney, USMC, who in February 1944, discovered 1,400 pounds of meal and 520 pounds of navy butter in a locker at marine barracks at the pahu naval air depot, the Advertiser said. The foodstuffs were la- belled with a naval officers name and the marking "do not take," the paper added. The investigation includes at least five major allegations, the Advertiser said. and naval areas at Pearl Harbor with rakcoffs to naval men of many thousands of dollars. Property misappropriation was second on the list. An instance was given, the paper said, of one high- ranking navy officer using "thousands of feet of navy lumber for private housing and construction." Illegal purchasing and selling transactions such as the alleged sale of navy potatoes to a Honolulu firm which then resold them to the navy as potato chips at a huge profit, was third. Some potatoes were resold without undergoing any sort of reprocessing, it was alleged. The illegal disposition of navy meat and butter, involving black marketing to Honolulu restaurants, was listed next. Finally, the investigation was said to embrace embezzlement of "thousands of dollars" of ships stores and merchandise, notably from the submarine base at Pearl Harbor. It was not known how long the investigation will continue, but the Advertiser said it also would involve other aspects which can not goon University in Burma when the Japanese attacked. He volunteered for service as a medical combat soldier and was in the historic retreat of General Stilwell from Burma as well as the Allied recapture of that county. He was decorated by the governments of the United States and Burma. He has written a book, Burma Diary, and numerous articles on economic questions and on the China- Burma-India theater of war. He issued this slalemenl: "With millions of others I have just come back from the war. 11 was sad and terrible. We who were in it have learned reverence raids. Army officials said tactical troops were not used. Most of the suspects were arrested at their homes by counter-intelligence men. it was announced. Four thousand American and British agents took part. in the roundup, wnich was dubbed "operation" nursery." They struck at midnight Saturday throughout the American and British zones. Suspected members of the Nazi organization were routed from their beds in several cities American officers said the operation "as carried out without unusual incident." None was reported injured. One spokesman said no shots were fired in the American zone. Arrests continued until early Sunday morning. Most of the suspects were under 30. Some were girls who belonged to the Bund Deutches Maedel (League of German Girls). Although "operation nursery was primarily an Anglo-American move, Russian authorities were tipped off concerning suspects the Soviet, zone. In the American zone, arrests were made in Frankfurt, Stuttgart Bad Nauheim, and many other cities and villages, including Bamberg, which is in the heart of the to such consumers as gas plants, hospitals and householders Having less than 10 days supply, and industrial concerns with less than five days supply. The union's demand for a welfare fund is not new. A year ago Lewis asked a 10 cent royalty on each ton of coal mined for this purpose. Operators estimated this would have neted him, on the basis of last year's production, approximately $57,500,000. The industry offered to raise miner's pay in line with the wage increases already granted in steel, oil and automobile industries, or about 18 1-2 an hour. The operators, in reply to Lewis' demand for * ,. . ,. _, --.--_ - iwi o, in iupj y iu i_iu\vi& uuiiumu ior for those who died, and gained a welfare fund, proposed a joint determination to make a bettei -•••-»-- •- - - ,.'„.'..."' JUD . l - <J . " . JV alu First was gambling, in civilian now be revealed. world, under God. Condilions at home are troubled. With a soldier's sense of urgency I ask for a chance to go against these problems in Congress because many problems of our nation will be settled there. "I am a Democrat. In my life time I have delivered papers, worked in a drug slore, spent many years in schools as a student and a teacher, have worshipped in the churches, have moved among the well-to-do, and the poor. By life and experience 1 believe I can represent all the people. "I tried to plan my education as the training of a man who wanted to be a statesman. I concentrated on writing, speech. government, and economics. The school .at Harvard in which I studied was set up for legislators and government servants. The problems I have studied and taught arc: labor and management, money, price control, federal budget and debt, R. N. Harper of Blevins Dies at 73 R. N. Harper, 73. of the Blevins community died Saturday night at his home near Blevins. He is survived by his widow, two daughters. Mrs. J. E. Hoy of Ruston, La.: Mrs. H. A. McQueen 0 _ of Blevins: Two sons, L. H. Harpor international trade, housing, cm- and H. W. Harper, both of Oil plo^mcnt. These are the very pro- City, La.; one brother, B. W. Har- blems that face Congress today, per of Smack6ycr, Ark.. They are my profession. I want j Funeral services and burial were study by the UMW and the industry of nlans to create a fund to care for hardships resulting from mine accidents, and also suggested the union administer funds collected from miners for medical and benefit purposes in cases where UMW locals are dissatisfied. "werewolf" country. ., Ewald, Fritz,,, a farmer Hitler youth leader, was one of the first persons seized. He denied that he was a member of any subversive organization." Arthur Axmann, chief of the Hitler youth movement, was among 200 key Nazi supporters captured last December by ligence officers. Trude Sommer, counter intel- a 30-year-old brunette, refused to open her door when agents called at her home in Frankfurt. An American officer smashed the door with his shoulder, however, and the scantily-clad woman surrender. She admitted later thai she had been a member of the League of German Girls. Shortly after midnight, the jail at nearby Hoescht was jammed with suspected members of the movement who were brought in from a 30-mile area for questioning. Agents By R. H SHACKFORD New York, April 1 — (UP ) — British officials insisted today that any setlement of the Soviet-Iranian dispute must guarantee not only unconditional withdrawal of Russian trops from Iran but also removal of all Soviet military equipment. Fear that the Soviets might leave such equipment behind them in 'che hands of "Russian sympathizers" or autonomist leaders was expressed as: 1. Soviet Russia underscored her confidence in the basic ideals of Lhe United Nations by becoming the first big power to pay in full her $1,723,000 contribution to UNO's working fund. 2. President Truman and Secretary of State James F. Byrnes scheduled conferences in Washington to review the UNO crisis over Iran and decide upon American policy if the Soviet Union ignores the Security Council's appeal for troop removal assurances. 3. Security Council members started to "sweat out" the last 48 hours before Wednesday's 10 a. m. (CST) deadline for a reply to their identical notes to Russia and Iran for more information about the status of negotiations. Soviet Russia's payment in full of her contribution to the $25,000,000 UNO working capital fund eased some of the general tension created by the council's hectic first week in the new world. But there was no indication that the move meant the Soviets were weakening any on their adamant stand on the Iranian problem. It did put to rest, however, irresponsible rumors that the Russians were not only walking out on the Iranian case but on UNO as a whole. Soviet circles have emphasized that they have merely boy- coted Security Council sessions on Iran. The Iranian case came to its crisis last- week because Russia fajled .to. remove her troops according to treaty by March' 2.—a month' ago. The emphasis has been only troops. It has been taken for granted in most quarters that Soviet military equipment would go with the troops when they left. But British concern on this score was first revealed today when British officials were asked to outline minimum assurances they felt they must have from Moscow. They outlined them as follows: 1. Ironclad assurances that Soviet troops and equipment—underline equipment — are going to get out of Iran. 2. Guarantee that Russia's departure from Iran is not dependent upon new conditions "wrung" from the Iranian government. "Removal of equipment is as important as removal of troops," one British official said. U.S. Army to Pull Out of China Theater said the octopus-like Shanghai, April 1 —(/P)— Dcacti- yation of the United States army in the China theater May 1 was announced today by Lt. Gen. Albert C. Wedemeyer upon instructions from the joint chiefs of staff in Washington. This will leave 3,000 to 4,000 U. S. army personnel in China to carry on with the military advisory group headed by General George C. Marshall and to serve on the cease fire truce teams and aid with repatriation and similar residual' duties. Those figures were announced by Wedemeyer. He said only 6,000 U. S. troops are in China now, through there were 65,000 at the wartime peak The 30,000 marines : under his ' command will revert to navy-control, Wedemeyer said. He did not indicate whether they might leave North Chuia. However, the marines are being demobilized rapidly. Mag. Gen. Keller E. Rocky, command of the marines, told reporters in February that his troops were serving i primarily as a stabilizing force be cause they had virtually completed their original task — securing ports and facilities to assist 'Chinese troop .movements and helping disarm Japanese trops. (From Tsingtao, Associated Press correspondent Olen Clements reported that the 6th Marine Division was deactivated today , and reactivated into the new Third • Marine Brigade. He said this was in accordance with the marine .' corps postwar schedule. In addi- \4 tion the first division and the IstlM Marine Air Wing are in -NorthT Wedemeyer is scheduled ™ leave r Thursday, for the, United! 1 Stales.; He plafls to undergo'a' 1 sinus "-* operation and presumably will confer with President Truman and other officials iri Washington. He, said he did not know whether he would return to China. Lt. Gen. Alvin C. Gillem, Jr , will serve as U. S. commander on Wedemeyer's departure. "We must not let the Russians ..„....„ _ „.„ ^^^-^ lea Y e ta » k s and other military underground organization extend- equipment behind in the hands of ed even into remote Bavarian vil-i R " s , slan sympathizers lages These sources pointed to the Soviet-supported autonomy movement in Azerbaijan province and the restlessness for autonomy among the Kurdish tribes along the borders of Iran, Turkey and Iraq. British concern about the Russians leaving military equipment behind in the hands of "Russian sympathizers" was never mentioned in Security Council debate on the Iranian case. Byrnes, who stated the case to the council Friday before proposing the appeals to Russia and Iran, never mentioned the question of military equipment the Russians might leave behind. If the British are prepared to push this point, the crisis could be Continued on Page Two Hope Store Close Noon Wednesdays Hope merchants will begin their half-holiday schedule for the Summer season this Wednesday, closing at noon. The Wednesday half-holiday will be observed in Hope from this Wednesday, ember. April 3, until Sept- Hal Boyle Pays Tribute to Col. Harry Zohms, the Friend of All War Correspondents By HAL BOYLE f Athens, April 1 — (If) — April sioned Lt. Harry Zohms without Fool's Day is perhaps as good as any to recall the military career of Col. Harry Zohms, a large- hearted officer who won no medals but cut more red tape than any man in army history. Harry was the army's best friend to hard-pressed war correspondents and they repaid him with spectacular promotions. It was a mutually beneficial relationship. Col. Zohms served without pay, answered to no one and was one of the most influential men in uniform. He could get more things done than generals and a half- dozen mimeograph machines. Yet you won't find his name on benefit of congressional sanction. His ole job was to shortcut roundabout military chanels, and he immediately because the patron saint of all "gentlemen of the press." If you wanted a case of field rations to eat on the road you no longer had to spend half a day wheedling them out of some stone- hearted supply officer. You just drew uo a requisition for them and anybody handy signed the fourishing signature of "Lieutenant Harry Zohms, Quartermaster Corps." The rations were forthcoming immediately. There seemed to be a certain an official roster. Or if you do it's!magic in Harry's last name, strictly another Harry Zohms and I "Zohms" looked so artificial no- purely coincidental— because "our i body thought it could possibly be a to practice this profession where it counts most. "I believe I can understand the problems of war veterans. I volunteered almost on the edge of a battle field. Most of the time I was a private and a corporal. I took a commission towards the end of Continued on Page Two held at 3 o'clock Monday afternoon at Marlbrook church and cemetery. HARRIMAN CONFIRMED Washington, April 1 •— (UP) — The Senate today confirmed W Averell Harriman as U. S. ambassador to Great Britain. Harry" existed only in the imagi nation of a number of needy war correspondents who invented him as a kind of military Santa Clans. In the early days of the war it was possible to move about the battle fronts freely. You just hitchhiked around and latched on to any outfit you liked and everybody was your friend. This gypsy life ended as our military machine overseas grew bigger and by the time of the 1 Normandy landings newspapermen j found themselves pretty well handcuffed by growing coils of red tape. In this emergency some journalistic genius created and commit.- fake. No doubts ever arose as to the authenticity of "Harry Zohms" but his authority to issue some of his grandiose orders with only the rank of lieutenant was occasionally questioned. So we gave him a well earned promotion. Harry rose from lieutenant to captain, to major, to lieutenant- colonel and finally full colonel as Beland we passed through France, ium, Holland. Luxembourg Germany. At the war's end we were considering rewarding him with the star of a brigadier and putting him on the general staff. He got us rides, coal to heat our Continued on Page Two —VI • •' — Last Tax Is Due on No. 11 District The Commissioners of Street Improvement District No. 11, and of its Annex No. 1, today completed final plans for the r-nllpntlon of *bo last taxes in that District a'nd An« . nex, and asked the property own- I ers to pay their assessments promptly m order that additional interest may be saved. The Commissioners are Lex Helms, R. D Franklin and Dr. G. E. Cannon They desire to close out the District as soon as possible. Mr. Helms, spokesman for the Commissioners, said that if all properly owners will pay this year's assessment promptly this will be the last taxes collected on the property in this District and Annex. He stated that as soon as all payments are in, the last bonds outstanding can be retired and the District closed. "We are working hard to save additional Interest and expense," Mr. Helms said. "A complete audit has been made of the South Main SI root Improvement Districts of which District 11 and its Annex is a part. The audit- showed that Curb and Gutter No 7 and its Annex, each have enough money on hand to pay out, but that the present additional assessment in District 11 and its Annex was required." Tax statements were today mailed to property owners and payments should be made to Miss Elsie Weisenberger, Collector, at the City Hall. The South Main street Districts were formed several years ago and consisted of Curb & Gutter District No. 7, Annex 1 to Curb and Gutter No. 7, Street Improvement District No. 11, and Annex 1 to Street Improvement District No 11. Taxes were collected in each , District and each Annex for a i number of years on the basis of 5 percent of the assessed benefits and later was reduced to 2 per" cent. In 1942 the Commissioners decided to forego any additional collections until all delinquencies could be collected from those property owners who had not paid promptly up to that time, and to permit the Districts to determine exactly how much state aid would be forthcoming. All delinquencies have been collected and all state aid has been received. The recent audit was then made to determine what additional assessment, if any, was required. It showed that Curb and Gutter No. 7 and its Annex each had enough money on hand to pay out; however, the audit re- 1 vealed that District 11 would re- I quire an additional assessment of J 2 per cent on the assessed benefits i to pay out. and that a 5 per cent | levy in Annex 1 to District 11 ' would be required. That is the ! levy that is being collected now i in order to close out all the South i Main Street Districts. o •—Hog bristles were used as springs in watches of early times.
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- Millions of additional pages added every month