The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on July 2, 1954 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Friday, July 2, 1954
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OP NORTHEA^I ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 86 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily News Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE. ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, JULY 2,1954 TWELVE PAGES Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Guatemalan Pact Signed Armas, Monzon Pledge By CARLOS R. ESCUDERO SAN SALVADOR, El Salvador (APJfr- Rebel chief Carlos Castillo Armas and government boss Col. Elf ego Monzon signed a peace pact here today ending Guatemala's two-week- old civil war. They pledged a continuing fight to wipe out communism in that Central American nation. Senate Okay Expected On Tax Bill WASHINGTON (AP) Weary senators, a marathon session behind them and prom ise of a three-day holiday ahead, gathered for a quick push to final passage today o: the administration's disputed tax overhaul bill. Leaders on both sides predicted the remaining half-dozen or so amendments would be disposed of in short order. Several senators said they planned to vote against the giant tax revision measure on final passage. But its approval, pretty much in the form sought by President Eisenhower, seemed assured. Members were saddened by the death of 76-year-old Sen. Hugh Butler of Nebraska, announced in the chamber just before the Senate wound up 13 hours of debate at midnight last night. JButler was the second-ranking Republican on the Finance Committee, which wrote the Senate version of the tax bill. Compromise suomitted At 11 p.m., half an hour before Butler died of a stroke suffered Wednesday night, Sen. Bennett (R- Utah) said the long debate on the tax bill during the week probably had contributed to Butler's collapse. Sen. Long (D-La) revived the income tax cut issue yesterday with a plan whose effect was in between two earlier amendments, one Democratic and the other Republican - sponsored, which had gone down to defeat by identical 49-47 votes Wednesday. Long proposed to give every taxpayer a $20 cut by a credit on his return — a $1,400,000,000 annual tax reduction. But he lost 50-33 after Sen. Millikin (R-Colo), the administration leader on the bill, rallied all-but two Republicans present against it and got help from nine Democrats. The only major administration- sought provision which has been mauled in the Senate is the one to give relief to stockholders on dividend income. Millikin himself dropped out part of this section, in the face of Democratic attacks on it as a rich man's benefit. Sen. Edwin C. Johnson (D-Colo) then eliminated another major portion yesterday with an amendment adopted 61.13. Morse Plan Rejected As this provision was approved in the House, it would give exemption on $50 of dividend income and permit the taxpayer to deduct 5 per cent on his dividend income above $50 from his tax in the first year of the bill. In the future years, the exclusion would be $100 and the credit 10 per cent. + The treaty provides for a new five-man military junta—guatema- la's fourth government this" week— with Monzon as' top man. The other members include Castillo and one of his aides and two ministers in Monzon's outgoing regime. Authoritative sources said this arrangement would continue for 15 days, after which the junta. will elect a "permanent" chief. The agreement was signed at 4:45 a.m. in the ceremonial hall of El Salvador's presidential house before ambassadors and representatives of a dozen countries and the Vatican. It proclaims a total cease- fire in Guatemala. Castillo's followers invaded their homeland from neighboring Honduras on June 18, vowing to overthrow the Communist supported government of President Jacobo Arbenz Guzman. Arbenz resigned last Sunday and a cease-fire followed on Wednesday. The junta which replaced Arbenz after his resignation was in tuin replaced by Monzon's group. In addition to Castillo and Monzon, the new junta will be composed of Maj. Enrique Oliva, defense minister in Castillo's insurgent regime, and two other members of Monzon's government — Foreign Minister Col. Mauricio Dubois and Defense Minister Co. Jose Luis Cruz Salazar. Junta Assumes All Power Other terms of the ' agreement provided: 1. Castillo's rebel forces wil be incorporated into the regular army ranks for a triumphal entry into Guatemala City, 2. The junta assumes all legis- .ative and executive powers as well as supreme command of the army and will rule by majority decision. 3. The junta will consider whether to abolish or suspend in part he nation's present constitution and Castillo will cancel at once all decrees issued by his provisional regime. 4. New national elections will be called as soon as a new constitution s promulgated. The junta reportedly will fly to he Guatemala capital at 11 a.m. omorrow to take over. The signing ceremony climaxed wo days and nights of negotiations hat began early Wednesday. At ts conclusion, Monzon and Castillo embraced under a large portrait )f Gen. Gerardo Barrios, the reorge Washington of El Salvador. AWAIT FLOOD RECESSION — Flood evacuees from Piedras Negras, Mexico, look out upon flood waters of the Rio Grande River surrounding their homes and places of business. This hill served as an island of safety during the flood crest. (AP Wirephoto) Rio Grande Recedes; Death Toll Unknown EAGLE PASS, Tex. (AP) — The Rio Grande was, back in its banks today, its receding waters carrying the secret of hew many died and leaving mounds of foul, disease-breeding mud. Hidden in the muck and in the draining waters was the answer to whether the best available figures —62 dead, 90 to 400 missing—fall short of the truth. President Eisenhower declared the stricken borderland eligible for disaster loans. Gov. Allan Shivers' own state disaster task force flew to the border to work with the federal people. The Red Cross, the Salvation Army and individuals had little rest. Clothing, food, medicine and money were on the way. The need was greatest across the river in Piedras Negras, whose announced toll of 38 dead and 90 missing'may be a mockery. One Mexican army major said the dead there may number more than 400. Nuevo Laredo, sister Mexican city of Laredo, Tex., counted its first dead—the bodies of five mem bers of a family identified only as Gomez. They were recovered-yes terday. Mexican pride prevented delivery of aid which the United States was anxious to send across the river Apparently protocol demands 2 formal request from the Mexicans, The request was not forthcoming, although everyone here knew food medicine, water and technical help was needed in Piedras Negras. Disorganization reduced the ef fectiveness of such help as the U.S delivered despire protocol. Food ferried over by helicopter was distributed by truck—to the outstretched hands of the hungry. Bodies of River Victims Missing The new junta faced difficulties t home. Communist supporters of deposed President Jacobo Arbenz Guzman were reported inciting jeasants outside the capital to rise gainst the country's hew rulers. But as whittled down in two days of Senate voting, only the exemption of $50 remained. The administration, however, will get a chance to restore at 'least part of the House benefit in conference. The Senate, last night rejected 60-20 an attempt by Sen. Morse (Ind-Ore) to knock out of the bill its biggest revenue-losing section— the accelerated depreciation feature for corporations and individuals. It also reversed an earlier decision and knocked out of the bill a section giving single persons who are heads c* families the benefit of full income-splitting now enjoyed by married couples. Insidt Today's Courier News . . . Martinez Offers (Hvilan $100,000 for Title Fight ... Experts Believe Giant* Can Go All the Way . . - "Between You and Me" . . . SporU . . . pace* I and 9. , . . . . Farm News and Review . . . page 7. . . . . . Lack of U. S. Decision on Southeast Asia May Be Bif Factor in Cold War for Many Yoan .. . pare t. . . . . . Cutttiifr French-Italian Aid Can Hurt Eitfopean Defense . . . Editorials . . . page 6. . . . Mew Officers : or Rotary Here W. R. Lawshe yesterday was in- tailed as president of Blythevllle's lotary Club, succeeding Dr. James Guard. Other officers taking over in the club's first meeting of its fiscal year include J. W. Adams, vice presr ident, and John Mayes, secretary- treasurer. Speaker at the meeting was E. D. Ferguson, charter member of the BlytheviUe Rotary Club. CAEUTHERSVILLE — The bodies of two women who drowned in the Mississippi River near here yesterday morning while their husbands watched from shore have not been recovered. The two women Were Mrs. Charles water the motor exploded and the Municipal Court Hears Traffic Cases Thomas J. Sawiski forfeited 310 bond in Municipal Court this morning after the charge was reduced from reckless driving to speeding. Taylor J. Bloate pleaded guilty to a charge of operating a taxi without a chauffeur's license but denied a charge of reckless driving in connection with a traffic accident on Elm Street this morning involving his vehicle and another driven by D. M V.ance. Some damage was caused to both vehicles. Bloate was released on. a $31.75 bond after his case was continued until tomorrow. Crockett, 16, and Mrs. Samuel Womble, 16, both of Benton Harbor, Mich. The tragedy occurred when an outboard motor on the boat in which they were pleasure riding burst into flame and they jumped into the water to avoid the fire. Pilot Saved Vernon Birdwell, 20, of Portageville, Mo., Route 2, who was operating the boat, was. pulled from the water by Arvell Barnickle of Wardell. Mr. Barnickle put out from shore in another boat when he saw the accident. A strong eddy current pulled the two women, under and swept their bodies downstream, according to the sheriff's office here. The Pemiscot County sheriff's office was notified by Mr. Barnickle and officers went to the scene, about 15 -miles north of here in What is called the lower chute near Stewart's Landing. Possibly Downstream Dragging operations failed to produce the two bodies, and it is believed the current took them downstream. After the trio jumped into the boat later was recovered while it floated downstream. The Crocketts and Wombles were visiting with the Birdwells while on vacation. Compromise Price Support Plan Gets Tentative Approval Top Allied Leaders Resigned to Losing Much of Indochina EDITOR'S NOTE — How close is the free world to losing- out in Southeast Asia? Did Eisenhower and Churchill^really settle British-American disputes? What are the United States and Britain really trying to do about Indochina? A week of frantic diplomacy in Washington produced more sparks than light, more words than information. In the following story, AP diplomatic reporter John M. Hightower looks behind the scenes of the White House meeting and its official statements to report "what was really accomplished and what may be expected to happen. Final Vote Is Due In House Today By B. L. LIVINGSTONE WASHINGTON (AP) — House forces backing another year of fixed high farm price supports sought to rally their forces today from a surprising initial setback in the battle over new farm legislation. Both the House leadership and House leaders. the rival fixed-support group predicted victory when yesterday's House action, still tentative, comes up for a formal verdict today. The House yesterday rejected both fixed high supports and the parity. Instead of the administration's program of flexible supports at 75 to 90 per cent of parity, the compromise calls for flexible supports between 82 & and 90 per cent of Eisenhower administration program of flexible supports, and voted for a compromise put for- Beiore voting: on the compromise, the House shouted down an amendment by Rep. Heselton (It- ward by House leaders. But the jMass) which would have enacted By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER AP Diplomatic Reporter WASHINGTON (AP) — Top Allied leaders are resigned to losing a great block of Indochina to the Communists. Negro and White Schools Re-Open Both Negro and white schools in districts having midsummer sessions will be opened on July 12, Blytheville Schools Superintendent W. B. Nicholson emphasized today Yesterday's Courier News' story did not specify opening of both schools when it stated that July 12 is the date for first sessions. Communities affected include Clear Lake, Number Nine, Promised Land and Lone Oak. Irrigation Bill Hears Final Okay WASHINGTON" (JP) — Legislation that would help southern farmers develop water supplies for irrigation purposes is a step or two away from congressional approval. The bill would extend to the southern and eastern states the Water Facilities Act which now applies only to the arid states of the West. One version was passed by the Senate on May 24 while a companion bill has been approved by the House Agricultural Committee i and is awaiting House considera- i "3T' *^" V " J '' w . K „;„„ i The situation may best be seen in the light of two or three recent incidents. On March 29 the American government, through a speech by Dulles, issued an emergency The shooting war was around Hanoi and peace negotiations between French-led forces and the Communists have gone beyond the point where the United States can influence them decisively. The issue of Red Chinese bids for recognition and for United Nations membership is expected to press hard upon the heels of any Indochina settlement. With Moscow needling, this issue promises to make grave trouble among the United States, Britain and France in the fall. Other forces, too. are working to pull the Western Allies apart despite the emphasis placed here ihis week on what Sir Winston Churchill called an "unbreakable solidarity." It is exactly a week now since (Shurchill flew into Washington..by his own request to talk, alongside Foreign Secretary Eden, with President Eisenhower and Secre- ary of State Dulles. * 4t It has been an intensive week n other ways. Talks on the Southeast Asian crisis have been held by Dulles with Australia's Foreign Vlinister Richard Casey, New Zea- and's Ambassador Leslie Munro and Thailand's foreign minister, 'rince Wan Waithayakon. The situation has been touched upon in fficial British - American statements, in a Churchill talk and in n Eisenhower ness conference, .ave been drawn from an analysis The conclusions stated above rom many talks with knowledge- f all these developments, and ble diplomatic sources. The ability of the free world to meet the Communist threat inside Indochina appears not to have een materially increased. Dulles' fforts to get going at once on collective defense for Southeast .sia remain frustrated and frozen —although some thought is now sing given to trying to change this tuation. There is among officials of the isenhower administration an ob- ious feeling that general relations -all for "united action" to halt ith Britain are for the moment a little better, but do not show very much improvement in basic ways. There has been no evidence of any gleeful shouting on the part of any of the people who have participated in the extraordinary diplomatic activity. tion. which passed the Senate is similar to others . introduced by several other senators. The House Agricultural Committee subsequently approved a some- cal1 for " un «ed action to halt what similar bill introduced by i Communist expansion in Southeast Rep. Hope (R-Kan.), chairman of t Asia - Privately, officials were talk- the committee. Truman Recovery Slow KANSAS CITY (JP) — Former President Truman's recovery from his illness apparently will be a slow process. In the latest report on his recuperation, a Research Hospital spokesman said last night he was "progressing well but slowly." ing in terms of intervention in the Indochina war. * * * France and Britain were cool. In mid-April Dulles flew to London and Paris. On his return home, sion system which would involve Western countries and Red China in guarantees to Secure the safety of Indochina. This was an obvious bid by Britain for the support of India and if possible, Indonesia— countries the British knew would ' See U. S. on Page 5 * * # French Evacuate 5 Cities, 2,000 Square Miles Rich Delta Rict Land Handed To Vietminh HANOI, Indochina (ft-The French announced today their troops have "successfully completed" evacuation : of five fortified cities and 2,000 square miles of populous rice land in the south of the Red River delta. Most of the thousands of soldiers involved in the massive withdrawal already have taken up defense positions farther north around Hanoi, an army spokesman said. Vietminh efforts to disrupt the movement were beaten off with only a few French soldiers killed, he said, and there was "almost no loss of ammunition, vehicles or guns." (In Singapore, Associated Press 'orrespondent Larry Allen, who recently left Indochina after two years, reported yesterday that the windup of the operation would leave more than half of the strategic Red River delta in control of the Comrnunist-led Vietminh and put an additional four million Vietnamese under the Red flag.) New Front The major centers abandoned to the rebels were Nam Dinh, Ninh Binh, Phat Diem, Lac Quan and Thai Binh. They spread in an arc 50 to 75 miles south and southeast of the French headquarters city of Hanoi. The new southern front in the standing-vote decision could-' be reversed in a formal showdown roll call scheduled before nightfall. Ninety-two members didn't take part in the standing vote when the House yesterday approved 179-164 a compromise price support a- mendxnent to the farm bill offered by Rep. Robert D. Harrison (R- Neb) with the backing of GOP Nebraska's Sen. Butler Succumbs the administration program, in toto. The contested price support feature of the bill applies only to six basic commodities—cotton, corn, wheat, rice, tobacco and peanuts— all of which are now supported at 90 per cent of parity. Parity is a legally set price standard said to give farmers * fair return on their production in relation to their costs. Still to be taken up by the House, among other things, are proposals to raise oaky price supports from. their existing level of 75 per cent of parity to SO per cent. Secretary of Agriculture Benson lowered the dairy support rate from 90 to 75 per cent April 1. The standing vote yesterday went pretty much according to party lines, with only about 18. or 20 Republicans voting against th* compromise) and about as many Democrats favoring it. Democratic Leader Rayburn of Texas lashed out at the Republican compromise, asserting he could see no more difference between it and the administration program than "between murder and man* slaughter." "You can't kill this just a little by bringing in 82£>""per cent,"" he told the House in appealing: for continued high supports. WAWSHTNGTON (£) — Republic Sen. Hugh Butler of Nebraska died at the age of 76 last night, the fourth U. S. senator and the second from his state to succumb this year. Butler, who had been elected to his third six-year term two years ago. suffered a stroke Wednesday night. He was taken to the naval hospital at nearby Bethesda. Md., yesterday morning and died there about 11:30 p.m. last night. The day before-he had been active in the Senate, apparently in good health. A former grain dealer, he was a strong campaigner who defeated several governors in his various campaigns for the Senate. His wife and two children pre- eded him in death. Sen. Eve Bowring (R-Neb) announced his death in the Senate, Red River lowlands runs a waver- j wo rkin £ Ia *e on a big tax revision Monday As Holiday, Too Following a long-standing custom the Courier News will join the rest of Blytheville in observing Independence Day by not publishing July 5, the Fourth falling on Sunday. Observing the noh'day by not opening for business Monday will be most of the retail businesses. Merchants Division of the Chamber of Commerce decided early this year to observe July 5 along with three other holidays this year. The post office lobby will remain open during regular hours for access to the mail boxes although the windows will be closed. City Hall offices planning to close include state revenue office, city clerk's office. Chamber of Commerce, draft board and FHA office. Offices in the county court house along with the county health unit are planning to close. Both banks will be closed. rig line from south of Phu Ly, 30 niles south of Hanoi, eastward to the Seacoast. The line is parallel bill, and it immediately recessed { out of respect. Mrs. Bowring is serving by appointment, filling the Steele Rotary Officers with and about 25 miles south of I vacancy created April 12. when Rehe railway and highway linking Hanoi with the seaport of Hai- phong. The French must defend have a conference and begin drawing up a, 10-nation Southeast Asian pact. A bitter controversy with Eden arose when the British blocked his plans for a meeting his "lifeline" route to the last, as t is the only supply line and es- ape corridor for the tens of thou- ands of French Union troops in North Indochina. publican Sen. Dwight P. Griswold died, also after a heart attack. Griswold was 60. Two other senators have died this Phillip Koury last night was installed as president of Steeie's. Rotary Club when the group held a joint installation and ladies night program at Blytheville Country Club. Other officers taking over last shot himself. year: Clyde R. Hoey (D-NC), 76 f t night included Howard Graham, and Lester C. Hunt (D-Wyo). 61. j vice president: Harold Coopennan, Hoey suffered a heart attack; Hunt secretary, and Bert Poteet, treasurer. Musical program was provided by Steele young people—Charles Johnson, Helen Proctor, Marilyn Gates, Patricia West. Johnny Middleton— accompanied by Mrs- O. T. Croil at the piano. NEW YORK (AP) — Negotiators for Western Electric Co., and the! New Trend Seen in State Politics the day in an effort to end the day-old coast to coast strike of telephone equipment installers. LITTLE ROCK (ff>) — In this age of improved mass communication is there a return toward the personal touch in political campaigning? There seems to be some indication of such a trend in the current Arkansas, political scene. Of course, not that television, radio, newspaper advertising or any other method of getting a "message" before large groups of people is going to be neglected by candidates. But still at least some candidates seem to be concentrating more on handshaking and other methods of - if there i* one — is best illustrated by opera- ions of two men U. S. Sen. John L. are opposing McClellan in to another term. The two are former Gov. Sid McMath and Democratic National Committeeman Paul Chambers. Since early in May, McMatn, who won't "formally" open his campaign until next week, has neld nearly 300 neighborhood meetings in Greater Little Rock, Fort Smith. El Dorado, Pine Bluff, Hot Springs, Jonesboro and most recently McClellan's home town of Camden. In the meetings he has discussed with housewives — and their husbands at evening sessions — all sorts of questions ranging from the international situation to the price of groceries. And, of course, he hasn't concealed the fact that he is a can 7 create for the 0 S. Senate. McMath frankly admits thai in making a pitch for the urban vote. Chambers apparently hasn't gone about his personal contacts on the same organized basis tha-t McMath has, but with seemingly inexhaustible energy, he's seen in all parts of the state — sometimes it appears almost simultaneously — attending conventions and shaking hands endlessly. The senator has spent most of his time in Washington cently with the McCarthy-Army hearings, which may have helped a few days in advance of the Gen- . separately today in preparation for a joint session later in eva conference. Britain wanted no part of such a move before Geneva. She promised to explore it when peace negotiations were ended. Since that time U. S. policy has been stymied. For various reasons it proved impossible to set up an alliance without Britain. A few weeks ago it appeared that Geneva would fail to get peace. But then a Prerch government upheaval and certain Communist maneuvers keep in him in the public eye while his opponents were getting'in their licks in Arkansas. There is a fourth candidate for the senatorial nomination, Leon-.-j^ • ard Ellis of Little Rock, but he !*.;-5 VCD no indication that he caused the British, French and others to take more hope. Mean- untiT re- ! while ' Churchm nad sent word he wanted to come to Washington. Also, five Asian countries—Indonesia. India, Pakistan, Burma and bif bid for Democratic nomination I tht neighborhood meeting* fie is i plans a campaign. Ceylon—met at Colombo and discussed the twin problems, as they see them, of Western colonialism and international communism, ed to split between the Western and Communist sides. -. ust before coming to Washing- ion, £den suggested a nonaggres- Weather Officials of District 10, CIO Communications Workers of America, called the walkout yesterday and by noon most of its 17,000 members were idle. The dispute over higher wages, contemplated transfers and grievance procedure could cripple the Bell Telephone System in 44 states and the District of Columbia if the union throws picket lines around telephone exchange buildings. Western Electric is the manufacturing arm of the Bell System. Telephone operators in Texas walked off their jobs yesterday in a number of cities,' honoring the installers" picketlines. Operator* were reported out at Dallas, Austin Scr, Antonio. Houston, Mexia, Fort they plan to delay nationwide picketing until Tuesday, but also indicated the plan was "subject to change." With 80 per cent of the nation's phones on the dial system, the i'ull impact of the strike on local telephone users would not be felt for some time. But cross-country picketing would seriously disrupt long-distance calls and various services such as information. Some 300,000 phone operators are members of the CWA, Au exception to the mass walkout yesterday was in New Jersey, where 1,000 union members stayed on the job. , Informal taiks between both parties were held yesterday. Follow- Worth, Mineral Wells, Abilene and ing the conference, company offi* Lubbock. icials indicated a joint meeting may Union leaders havt announced > take place sometime today. ARKANSAS — Partly cloudy <with no important temperature changei this afternoon, tonight and Saturday; widely scattered afternoon and evening thundershowers mostly in west and extreme north. MISSOURI — Partly cloudy thl» afternoon, tonight and Saturday; widely scattered thunderstorms this afternoon and tonight mostly northeast and extreme north; continued hot and humid this afternoon and tonight. Maximum yesterday — 102. Minimum this morning— 77. Sunset today— 7:17. Sunris* tomorrow — 4:51. Mean temperature (midwfcjr bttwwni high and low)—a»J. Precipitation ia*t M boun a.m. today— none. Precipitation Jan. 1 to This Date Last Year Maximum yesterday— 99, Minimum this morning— 75. Precipitation January 1 to 1^30,77. T:M

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