Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on March 26, 1946 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Tuesday, March 26, 1946
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I ,1 f r Page Six Iranian Envoy in New York for UNO New York. Ma-ch 23 — <UF 3 'i The Iranian ambassador set up if "-'"-"";?•"• 'V " luv ' l . 1 , UI ....... headquarters hero todav — three |lca " T offlc '" ls consider a test case days in advance of the United Na-i", 1 ? ^ an - ,l hes , e w . orlA ov : c » ts were tions Security Council meeting— to i shap "?,^ ^.background for press his country's fight to ou<t i?, 01 ". j L rst " icetill g MOM STAR, MOP I, ARKANSAS meetings within 24 hours between Sir Alexander Cndognn of Great Britain and U. S. Representative Edward R. Stettinius, Jr. The meetings were s.tid to be "courtesy calls" but they undoubtedly involved discussion of Anglo-American strategy when 'the Iranian case comes oefore the council next week. Three days before the council is scheduled to meet for what Amer the counrys gt o ou<t ,. j . Russian troops from Iranian soil , A , ' , c , , t Hussein Ala arrived here at mid- n Se , cre , tru :- v . of State James . night with three advisors from the n^' (ne , s c , dctcls . lon to a V BUC • thc Iranian embassv in Washington !.S.u Sta - tcs caso on Irnn Indl ' and briefcases filled with d'nrn- c i ltecl tne importance this country and briefcases filled with documents to support Iran's charge that the Soviet Union ' . - - - . - importance plcaes on that issue. .- -lion 'has "violated 'her i *• Generalissima Josef Stalin re- treaties and international agree-1 n l m cA i om . e of thc world doubts metits by not getting out of Iran by i, ollt . , S ,?J')!, ctl . Russia ' s attitude March 2. | toward UNO by stating in answer Ala's arrival coincided with ai to a !' America » correspondent's series of informal meetings amon" ! CIUesUon .f nal he P la< -'eci "great im- the council delegates, including two'?. 01 }. ce to Ul p new w °<''d organ^»^>^M_M.__^^^ i a - ^resident Truman's decision to postpone thc atomic bomb test in the Pacific was immediately in- lerpreled by council delegates as a move designed to help them concentrate on problems of peace rather than the spectacular effects of man's new instrument of destruction. I None of these developments, however, lessened the determination of the United Stales lo make a test case of the Iranian dispute with Russia or to insist at the earliest opportunity for immediate consideration of it. Present plans call for devoting next Monday's meeting to formalities—a message irom President Truman, a statement by Chairman Quo Tai-Chi, and probably personally delivered statements of welcome to UNO by Governor Thomas E. Dewey and Mavor HELPS BUILD UP RESISTANCE against MONTHLY PAIN Winnie Sits for a New Portrait *When Taken C * Thruout The Month Also A Fine Stomachic Tonic! 'Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound DOES MORE than just relieve monthly pain when caused by female functional monthly disturbances. It also relieves weak, tired, nervous, cranky feelings—of such days—when due to this cause. Pinkham's Compound has a soothing effect on one of woman's most important organs. Taken thruout the month—Pinkham's Compound helps build up resistance against such distress. It's cJso a very effective stomachic tonic. Thousands Upon Thousands of Girls and Women Helped— There are no opiates in Pinkham's Compound. It's made from Mother Nature's own wholesome roots and herbs plus Vitamin Bi. It HELPS NATURE. Thousands upon thousands of women have reported remarkable benefits. If you suffer like this—we urge you to give Pinkham's Compound a fair and honest C^ trial. Buy it at any drugstore VEGETABLE COMPOUND . William O'Dwyer. The Iranian case is the only political issue on the council's provisional agenda, but council delegates were expecting the Soviet Union to present other issues for debate to counter the Anglo-American Iranian move. 5 Germans Must Die for Murder of Captured Fliers Frankfurt, March 23 —(UP)—An American military tribunal todav sentenced five Germans to death by hanging for Ihe murder of seven captured American aviators. The executions will be carried out at Ludwigsburg. One German drew a life sentence, one was acquitted and eight others received sentences totalling 91 years. The 15 defendants have been on trial for seven weeks for beating and shooting seven captured fliers who crash landed t>eir plane in the North Seat near Borkum island in August, 1944. Witnesses testified that the airmen, who were not identified, were marched through the winding streets of Borkum, where they finally were attacked and shot. "What makes you think you are qualified for a position in thc diplomatic corps?" demanded the examiner. "Well," answered thc applicant, modestly, "I've been married 20 years and my wife still thinks I have a sick friend." oM>ut^ CAU.tt* w ,yr^^ ^ *£sr*p LeAS e v b .,<-" " f job, says Chnnrtor. Finds Out He's a Count! No wonder Lt. Alcxandre Dias Beltencourt and his wiie are smiling: He found out he's a Count! So she's a Countess! Bctlen- court learned about his noble ancestry while tracing his family tree in the French National Archives during a tour of duty. Original family seals and a deed issued back in 1210 show him to be legal heir to title of Count, and to Chateau de Bettencourt de Haut-Marne. The Count and Countess and Alex Jr. are shown in their Washington home, having tea from the crested family service. Washington By JACK STINNETT Washington 'An analysis of • More people than ever before are using long distance nowadays. Circuits are crowded to overflowing with thousands of calls, and some calls are bound to be delayed. But the operator will say; 'f There will be a delay on your call"— less and less as more and more new circuits are put into service. We're working toward the goal of handling all calls promptly and to your liking. SOUTHWESTERN 3«U TELEPHONE CO f the nature of casualties encountered in Ihe bombing of large centers of populalion has changed our Ihinking concerning the best methods for protecting civilians from injury and death in air raids. "Preliminary reports from Hiroshima and Nagasaki indicate that the NUMBER AND TYPE of injuries sustained in an atomic bomb altack do not differ significantly from those inflicted upon Ihe Germans in Ihe greal fire raids. Indeed, considering the type of pro- leclion offered by Ihe sleel and stone buildings in Europe as con- Irasled wilh Ihe Iradilional frame conslruclion in Japan, the raid on such cities as Hamburg, Cologne and Essen appear to have- been more destructive than the atom bomb altacks on Japan." This conclusion is an excerpl from an article, "Civilian Health in the Air War," published in Modern Medicine. Altnough Ihe official Army report on the medical effects of bombing in Germany isn't yet available, the medical journal article was written by the editor-in-chief of that official report: -Maj. Cortcz F. Enloe, Jr., chief of Ihe medical sciences branch, morale division, U.S. Stra- legic Bombing survey. _ _^_^^^ Being a purely scientificTTepoTt, the article gives only the cold sta- tislics of death, injuries and sease, but behind them is di- world's greatest? story of human misery — the story of destruction of human life and health by the great bombing raids over Europe. "It may safely be concluded," writes Major Enlqe, "that one-half million enemy civilians were killed by Allied bombs in Europe ... A careful check of figures indicates that approximately 422,000 deaths resulted irom air raids. Investigation in 24 German cities indicates that 77,500 bodies were completely destroyed or still lie buried in the rubble and are yet to be recorded.". Major Enloe says the use of burns and burial in debris; of carbon monoxide poisoning; of dust inhalation; of drowning in air raid shelters, scalding and chemical burns; and of fright and exhaustion. Mechanical injuries, il was found, were the most frequent causes of death — thai is, direct hits by bombs or fragments, burial in rubble, and fire. It also was found that incendiary raids caused more dead than high explosive demolition bombs. This fact is interesting. "Since published reports," says Major Enloe, "that the explosion from nuclear fission (atomic bombs) is mainly incendiary in na- lure, thc German experience suggests that more people may be killed than injured in any future Washington —Thc verbal lambing which Edwin A. Pauley took in Senatu confirmation hearings foi his .alleged efforts to raise funds for the Democratic National com- mitce has led Rep. A. S. "Mike" Monroncy (D-Okla.) to suggest thai the Congress appropriate funds for financing the quadrennial presidential campaigns. The spectacle of political parties going out every four years to bog and wheedle huge sums to conduct their campaigns is ridiculous and antiquated, Monroncy says. It lays political parties open to the charge of paying off these obligations with favors which may or may not be to the public's besl interests. It opens the 'possibility of handing political plums to the highest bidders. It almost invariably makes the national committee treasurer suspect of promising those appointments and favors in return for contributions, regardless of his integrity as public and parly servant. The evils of public solicitation of campaign funds are too obvious and well known to need even enumeration. Monroney thinks most of them Capitol Talk Washington. March 25 — Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Com pany of Longview. Tex., applied recently to the Federal Power Commission for authority to operate the Big Inch and Little Big Inch pipelines, bolh of which traverse Arkansas, and also the Southwest emergency line. But the War Assets Corporation promptly explained that there had been no sale or lease of the lines to the company. All that has happened in that connection", WAC ^m- pnasized, was thai the Transcontinental company had submitted a bid. It has offered $40.000.000 for the three government wartime- constructed lines and purposes to spend an additional $40,000.000 to convert them to peacetime use No offer was made for thc pumping stations, but the company would agree to maintain thc-i at a fee of maintenance cost plus six per cent. WAC said that when, and it, the hues arc disposed of. the government will retain Ihc right to '£ clam l thom for emergency use. The Big Inch and Little Big Inch lines were built to carry oil from Texas fields to the ports of Now York and Philadelphia. The Surplus Property Administration, m Us report which Congress has not yet approved, recommended that purchase priority be given a company or a mnlgamation of companies that would use thc lines to ship oil. This might stand in the way of a sale to a gas company since the SPA suggested it probably would be difficult, if not impossible, to use the lines as oil carriers once they had been utilized for gas. Also offered as an argument against disposal to a gas company was thai, if Ihc lines should be used lo transport gas to the East and thc government should need them for oil in an emergency, do- meslic and commercial gas consumers would be lefl without fuel. Guests of Ex-Colleague The Arkansas delegation which manages fairly frequent gel-together luncheons in the House restaurant ate at the expense of former Congressman Clyde Ellis, now National Rural Electric Co-operatives Association executive manager, last Thursday. Also present were Dr. Henry W. Blalock, special assistant to thc Federal Power Corn- mission and former Arka could be eliminated Congress atomic bombs doesn't alter the significance of the survey's findings ixcept "to make an awareness of .he possibilities more imperative." merely apropriated say $7,000,000 I for each major party's campaigns and appropriated amount for the minor parties. "It's the public that pays the - , ------- *..» „ t'« j j vnw tan ft in the long run anyway. Why Shouldn't it do it ' ;y- *• ...... ----.-.~. ....... *, ....^v* MI.* . <~. [n o t oDenv He says thai apparently the safest ].y and remove the onus rom the place to locale essential civilian parties of having to pay their way workers is around 1hp PI-IPOS nf !,,,iih r -------- ,,. S yyjT {u , nit]. n | made in this direction bv"jimiting : contributions and eliminating those workers is around Ihe edges of j with'Tavors?' cities so lhat transportation breaks ; Congressman won't affect their work, yet far j Some strides have already rorn strategic targes. . . . •- um.nu\ There are reporls of the many causes of death and injury; o'f SUFFERERS FIND CURB FOR MISERY DUE TO ASTHMA ATTACKS Supply Rushed Hero — Stiffen Bclolee » "IWIVW made by pressure groups, but the law isn't difficult to circumbent Monroney has been loo busy lately, trying to gel some action on at( , the LaPollelle-Monroney cornmilce „« rcporl on streamlining Congress, to „,.,. III ( t'firll I r*n "im. mr\..^ 1 „ ,.: ..1 — . • . . t_UU TTl'l'j- ,-1 -"iiill-l I\l IXUUailS utililies Comrnissipn member; T Roy Reid, former FSA regional ad- minislralor at Little Rock, now Department of Agriculture personnel director, and Nathaniel Dyke Jr ol Little Rock member of the Of- lice of War Mobilization and Re- conversion Advisory Board. T ^"n - ho klllcn °o'i, Congressman J. W. Trimble went to a joinl meeting of Ihe House Foreign Affairs and Senate Foreign Relations Com- mitecs with UNO Secretary General Irygve Lie . Hershey on the Draft Like, all olher congressmen, Arkansas's members are studying the tigures presented in a letter which each has received from Selective Service Director Lewis B. Hershey urging continuation of the draft beyond the May 15 expiration date It was received from General Hershey just two days after Congress- m . il " Brooks Hays (D., Ark.) and CWford P. Case (R., N. J.) on be- na 1 ol 2r> .Democrats and 25 Republicans in tho House recommended, through a joint resolution that a special House-Senate committee check into all angles of draft extension. Against a recommended .strenalh ot Ihc armed services, totaling 1 950,000, nol including officers, eii- Jistmenls since V-J Day have totaled a mere 0152,000 Hershey declared, and nearly half the cnlisl- menls were for one year or 18 months, rather than for a full three . The number inducted "must be considerably increased or Uio.se inductees now in service retained for substantial additional duty " Gen oral Hershey warned. The 'alterna- tjve is continuation of the Selective Service. The direetoi elective put his 1'in- on one cogent but generally overlooked reason for retaining the dralt. He reminded: "The lour mil- ion persons yet lo be discharged should be given early and definite assurance thai Iheir rights of reemployment contained in Section 8 ot the Selective Training and Service Act will be preserved." In other words replacements are needed. Washington, March 23—Thc Senate, with a reputation for replac- introduce any more legislation. When ho gets around to it, he will I have an ally in Sen. Carl ...... ~- . ,„, H — ^uiiLTeri HCIOICO ir . «•*.<• <»> *jvn. v^ui i hups for rohef from distress of isth- I Hatch (D-N, McX.l, author of Iho ' o£ success with u palliative formula which has the power to relive asthmatic anil b ron l h '?.. t : on J ; . c = t '" n -... M ™ 0 "J women who for- I «old with strict Jnoncyba'ek'guar'anu'o 1 ^ J. P. Cox Drug Stores— Mzil Orders Filled, — ... ,.._ outstanding to political reforms in receril years. As far back us the 940 Democratic convention in Chicago, Sen. Hatch was making a similar sug- yc-stion for federal financing of I presidential campaigns. He wanted the Democratic lo write il inlo idea didn'l spread like wildfire, Ihe platform of that year. The idea didn't spread like wildfire, ~- any items the economy-minded House or Us Appropriations Committee sees fit to omit adhered to precedent this week when it passed the War Department Civil Functions Appropriation Bill for the fiscal year 1947 015,000 an increase the in funds ol $73,a mount in the House-approved bill. The House allowed $283,987,498- the Senate, $359,002,498, which exceeds the Budget Bureau estimate but t's apparent that it's burning here aud there. of $22,573,089 and thc npropria- tions for 1940 by $98,510,95!!. . A largo portion of the Senate's increase, $51,403.500 out of the $73,015,000, is allotted to increases over House-allowed amounts also included are funds for additional projects for flood control. Under this heading is found some six g million dollars for Arkansas projects, which represents a victory for the Arkansas senators particularly Senator John L. Mc- Clcllnn, who appeared porsonnllv before thc Senate Appropriations Comtmlec lo plead lor tneir inclusion. Just as much concerned, as the senators were the representatives nnd jusl as elated over thc Senate s generosity, but one of thc Arkansas congressmen, W. F. Nor- roll, may find the situation something of n headache. The bill is now subject to Conference Committee action, a procedure whereby representatives irom both houses of Congress get together and wring concessions irom each other in order to find a middle ground acceptable to all By virtue of his sent on th" Civil 1'unctions subcommittee of thc i-n 1 "^, cornm ittco which wrote the bill, Non-oil is almost certain to be one of the conferees. His problem will be to bala'ncc the well-established need for flood control measures against thc also well-established nerd for n cut in governmenl expenditures. His committee allocated about !)(i millions to projects <uid eight millions for pliinninj;. He naturally objected to the omission by the House com- nullee of thc Arkansas levee pro- jeets—11 in number; but since the Budget Bureau had eliminated them, the committee as a whole was anxious lhat its total not exceed the bureau estimates. In fact, this being an election year, thc committee preferred to tinder-shoot the estimates. Only a third of the senators will be candidates this year, so that body is not so sensitive lo biennial election jitters as the House. Pirsoncrs Stay on Farms Congressman Norrell said, this week that thc War Department had advised him that war prisoners engaged in cotton picking and other agricultural work will continue to be available until May 1. All Ihe prisoners under jurisdiction of thc Eighth Service Command .at present 6.200, arc assigned lo Arkansas. This number will decrease to 3,500 in April. The swordfish is a fierce fighter when wounded, and has been known lo drive his sharp upper jaw through several thicknesses of oak planking. Monday, Mnrch 25, 1946 Mansfield, Negro Tenor, Here Tuesday Manuel Mansfield Manuel Mansfield, brilliant negro tenor, will appear in concert at li o'clock Thursday nighl, March 28. Ticket sale is being handled at Hope High School, Verger High School, and ill various negro establishments in the city. Mansfield, who is compared with Roland Hayes and acclaimed "nn ambassador of good will for his nice", has nn unusual range, reaching high U Hat. He sings i with much expression, supremo .finish, and I rue pilch. He is considered the greatest living Interpreter of negro spirituals, and shows his versatility with the classics. Commercial butter was first iiide in the United Stales in 1856 in Orange County, N. Y. if GETTING UP NIGHTS GETTING YOU DOWN? Thousands say famous doctor's discovery gives blessed relief from irritation of the bladder caused by excess acidity in the urine Why suffer nerdlosily from bnckach« n.n-down fc-di,,,, f rom cxtcsa ™MUy [„' ' ry ""' KILMERS Our Daily Bread c t I,, V, 5 ' I B .°," U '"'•"•«""»'' thnt quickly it.I on tin, It.dncys to mci-rasf t! lc (low o^ r no „,,, ,,„, ,|i, conifnl . lo o( b | n j der , ,. t.itmn. All drnicRists sell Swnmp Root Have your medicine chest needs on hand. For thc and best quality, buy them here. Fresh, Pure arc used in every prescription we fill. Utmost care, accuracy and experience are used at all times. LET US FILL YOUR PRESCRIPTION Phone 600 225 S. Main t% &>,: & V <«! ^<^ .'S^r-ST -Your Esso Dealer Now... « Vo «<- "Happy Motoring" r> "I'm Min£<w6 insurant on a swell Summer!" "That's my car, and 'we've' got plans. But even a couple of new Atlas Tires and a Lank- ful of Esso won't get me where I'm going unless the engine arid chassis keep rolling! So I'm, getting set now for summer with an Esso Dealer spring check-up. I want clean, fresh summer grade Esso Motor Oil in that motor. I want all squeaks and rattles ottt with an expert Esso Dealer Lubrication job. I want other parts checked and serviced if necessary. I want to use my car all summer long!" Make today "Esso Dealer" Day. Do it now . . . and enjoy the days of "Happy Motoring" that lie ahead! m. "^ DEALER sso Ol l »»l''-k»ock . „,„,,,.,. ' ""-lusivo U , vent Oil- late " lwl Esso S -oi r Sol. CHANCE TO ESSO MOTOR Oil! Qnu of *h<-world's ,j llt , s( . -.vours at voi7i- , 1 Section all windshield wipers r'''']'•' iw '" it '°". oil.H'hlv check- Hi ^ *^ '""' tJlor- l ' *-*-'*• ujeiii over l> J i S v"r tlltiy ' l ' 0illtilJ - u *'«hujlofor "•!•« ••• The Sign of "Happy Motoring" Cupr. li>l(J, KSBO Inc. STANDARD OIL COMPANY OF NEW JERSEY Willis' Esso Station & Tire Shop G. J. Willis Third & Hazel Sts. Phone 706 Ark. TARPLEY'S ESSO SERVICE Conveniently Located Third and Laurel Sis. Reliable Service Hope, Ark. Reasonable Prices Telephone 777 Cofemcm's Esso Sfats©n Joe C. Coleman Telephone 187 Third & Hervey Sts. Hope, Ark., If It's Happy Motoring You Want, See U« Sliced Thin by Tho Editor Alex. H, Washburn Touch of Comic Opera Lightens Clouds of War A week ago things looked orni- uous for nn enduring peace. & Russian troops were advancing in Iran, while Moscow, invoking the old Hitler formula, accused Irnn of "unfriendly acts". The Russians wouldn't get oul of Manchuria, where China was altempting to patch up u truce between her own warring factions. And France was demanding pumlitvc .aclion ,-igiiinst Diclator 1'i-nnco of Spain—truly a scoundrel, bul able, nevertheless, to stir up a minor war before being ousted. Today the picture has brightened immeasurably. * Russia is withdrawing from Iran. Russia .also is withdrawing from Manchuria. And France has decided lo posl- pono further warlike talk against Spain. All these issues, we arc told, wilt now be sellled by lhe Uniled peaceable resolving of international Nations—a long slop toward questions. thc . But a comic touch is given these grave proceedings. Thc UNO, like any good magislrale, makes its r '<irsl business a demand on Russia lo disclose whal concessions, il any, Iran gave up when confronted by thc blackjack of armed just, logical, and puts soldiers. .illtlLb j«». v, .lu^ibin, Ul JVi I J LI ID Russia in a close place. Thc prime purpose of thc UNO, certainly, is to take national profit out of international armed excursions. * * -K By JAMES THRASHER A Way Toward Understanding A calm and intelligcnl rcporl by the CIO delegation that visited Rus•i Jfin last October made a welcome appearance thc olher day, al a lime when official Russian-American relations were alarmingly strained. The CIO officials avoided bolh adulation and sharp criticism and stuck prctly close lo a factual report of what had been seen through American eyes. And thc Soviet government seems to have shown and told thc visitors more than is its custom. Toward thc end of thc rcporl, Ihc aulhors departed from a descrip- Hope 47TH YEAR: VOL. 47 —NO. 138 "*i? r of , H°°;-789V:Tross.T927; 'wu ConsoMnlcrl Jnnnnru Id 1 0la . . Consolidated January 18. 1929. HOPE, G.M. Calls Workers Back to Factories By United Press Gcncrnl Motors Corp. started re- en ling its IVS.OOO striking workers today as mine operators attempted to prevent n nationwide s»fl coal strike next week with a counter mjposal lo Ihc demands of Ihe Unilod Mine Workers (AFL). More than 400,000 American workers were idle because of strikes and shutdowns. While members of Iho United Automobile Workers (CIO) pro™T oc i lo return to their jobs after 127 days on strike for higher wages, their organization as divided by an inlra-union polilical squabble. Waller P. Reuthcr, UAW vice- president, who led the strike as head of the union's GM- division vas criticized sharply by UAW President R .J. Thomas.'The biter factionalism within the union vhich had remained dormant dur- ng thc long strike broke into thc open when Reuthcr announced he vould oppose Thomas for UAW president. Return of the 175,000 GM strikers would cut thc number of idle workers drastically, but olher serious Inkcs threalencd. CIO longshorc- non and John L. Lewis' UMW lave announced their intention to Irike by April 1 if iheir contract demands arc not met. Russians Marching Out of Manchuria, But Chinese Reds Move in, Prolonging the War Star WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Cloudy and cooler with showers and thunderstorms, this afternoon and in northeast portion early tonight, Wednesday partly cloudy. tion of their tour •Recommendations. to make some Chief among these was a proposal that there should be a larger interchange of people, particularly workers, between Russia and thc United Stales. The need of mtilual understanding is obvious, and thus the suggestion is not now. But it seems lo us lhat this need could not have been restated by a betlcr group than Ihc CIO. II has been slaled rccenlly lhat there arc only 125 American citizens in thc whole U. S. S. R. A ;» Jew of Ihem are newspapermen, a -lew more are engineers, and Ihc rest are in government service. Thc less than 1500-Soviot citizens in this country include government officials and employes, military men, and wives and children. Bolh coun- Irics arc closed, by Russia's order, to what Russia would "masses" of Ihe other. call the In addition to the physical barriers there are, of course, barriers of information. Thc official Russian definition of news is not information but "education," which Consists of giving the people whal Ihe governmenl thinks they should hear—complete with predigcstcd opinion. Al the same lime Russia docs nol permit foreign correspondents lo stray very far from Moscow, or to send out any dispatches critical of Russia's policy or way of life. Hence the ordinary citizens of Ihe world's two most powerful nations remain in almost total ignorance of each other. Americans have somewhat the best of il. Bul, from whal -jillle one can learn, Ihc Russian '•ilohn Doc has a dislorled picture of an America filled with fat-cat employers and landlords and mil lions of exploited, starving work crs. To permit an interchange of workers, students and just ordinary tourists between the two countries would not solve all the potential difficulties that the United Slales and Russia might get inlo. In facl, Ihcre is lilllc likelihood thai those ordinary people will ever have the chance to understand each other Utnlcss the Russian philosophy of ^government changes radically. Ycl it is permissible to hope that this chance may somehow come aboul. And il is perfectly proper lo believe thai Russian leaders arc more likely to listen to requests for this chance from Ihe CIO than Continued on Page Two o Local Police •cSeek Negro for Louisiana For Ihc lasl 48 hours Hope police, with state and county authorities, have been walching without success for an identified negro who is wanted for an atlcmpled assault on a 17-ycar-o7d white girl in Wiiin parish, Louisiana, last Saturday. ,,'Chief of Police F. V. Haynic sa\d this morning Ihe negro, Jerry Aycrs, 34, was lasl reported seen in thc L. & A. freighl yards in Shreveport and was believed boarding a Irain for Hope. Sheriff Scholars of Winnficld, La., broadcast Ihe following dcs- eriplion of thc negro, who, police said, had been identified by Ihe girl: G feet 1 inch; 170 pounds, medium light brown color, scar on left cheek; brovfi hal, leather jacket, khaki trousers, low-cut shoes. ".•>...iu.3 u I i; nut 1I1UL. GM started to recall Ihe striking iroduclion workers, reversing its previously staled policy that it vould not recall any workers until 11 local grievances were setlled no national strike settlement, in- olvmg an 18 1-2 cent hourly wage ncrease, as approved, bul re- umplion of reconversion was de- .lyed by local issues, most of vhich now have been sctllcd In thc coal dispute, soft coal operators submitted a counter proposal, thc details of which were not divulged. It reportedly represented thc industry's reply to Ihc nine : poinl bargaining program .Lewis presented at the Washing- Ion coal conference. Negotiations in Ihe Pacific coasl waterfront dispute were to be resumed today after a weekend recess. Representatives of the Water- Ironl Employers Associalion and the International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union were to meet with federal conciliators lo allcmpl solution of the most crucial issue in diupulc — retroactivity of any increase to be granted. The ILWU had demanded thai any increase be retroactive '.o last Oct. i. .It., indicated-sit might ac- cepl loss--than'its'original 35 cenl hourly increase It thai dale were agreed upon. Meanwhile, a new strike threat againsl American railroads was made by A. F. Whitney, president ol Ihe Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen, an operating broolher- hood. Tcslifying before a prcsidcnlial cnicrgcncy facl-finding commission at Chicago, Whitney said that adoption of working rules changes demanded by Ihe railroads would be a signal for a slrikc. The B.R.T. and Ihc Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, another operating union, postponed a previously scheduled slrikc to give the fact-finding commission lime to investigate the unions' demands for $2.50-a-day wage increases and 45 improvements in working rules Thc railroads have made counter- demands for ' working rules changes which Whitney said would reduce Iho standard of living or working conditions of the men on American railroads." Chungking, March 26 — (UP)— The Red Army has begun n full scale withdrawal of Manchuria, thc Chinese government announced today, in keeping with a Soviet promise lo China lo have Ihe lasl Russian soldier oul by Ihe end of April. Liu Chieh, assistant foreign minister in Generalissimo Chiang Kai- Shek's government, officially confirmed the start of the Russian exit from Manchuria. The announcement said Ihc gov- ernmenl lacked dclails. Bul there was every indication lhal Ihe move was acceplcd here as the beginning of final and complete pullout by the Soviels. A tide of Chinese Communist soldiery was reported unofficially to be flowing into many sections of the Manchurian territory in the wake of the withdrawing Red Army forces. The silualion posed perhaps Ihc sharpesl Ihrcal so far to thc recently Achieved peace and unity agreement between Chinese Na- lionalisls and Communists. Observers regarded the confused shifling of forces in Manchuria as certain to generate friction and almosl as certain to produce a greater or lesser amount of armed conflict. Thc first big contingent of Russian forces engaged in the with- Mukden.-lo Changchun and passed on toward Vladivostok. The Russian withdrawal confronted the leaders .of the Chinese factions with Ihc ncccssily of im- mcdialc aclion. There was an urgent neccssily of exercising a firm guidance over Ihc Irend of events in Manchuria. Lt. Gen. A. C. Gillcm, Jr., dep- uly for Gen Goorge C Marshall during Ihc presidential envoy's trip lo Ihe United States, conferred this afternoon wilh Chiang after Ihe announcement of the Russian evac- ualion They devoted mosl of Iheir time to final arrangements for Gillem, Gen. Chou En-Lai, Communist leader, and Gen. Chang Chili- Chung, Nationalist deputy, to hasten lo Manchuria in view of Ihe Russian aclion. The Chinese leaders as well as Ihe American represenlalive were described as delermined lo pre- venl any outbreak of'civil war between the Communisls and Na- lionalisls in Manchuria. One source said Gillem, Chou and Chang were "hoping" to forestall any large scale conflict, al- lhough il appeared lhal a certain amount of hoslililics would be is- cvilable. Thc sudden shift in the scene sian forces engaged in the with- caused the postponement of ; drawal was reported heading for I scheduled visit lo Communist Sin- Vladivoslpk along Ihe Kirm-Chang- kiang by Chang wilh thc aim of ChUll hlChwav. irnnmo nut onf.<nt» ,i:ff«. chun highway. The troops were followed by tanks and artillery shipped from O " J ««int»£, tYJl.ll L1IU til I 11 Ul ironing out certain differences over the autonomous prerogatives of the Communists. Tojo Losing Memory, Japs Declare Tokyo, March 20. — ( (/P) ) — Former Premier Hidcko Tojo, awaiting trial as Japan's number one war criminal and fearing the worst, has begun lo lose his memory, authoritative Japanese sources said today. The Japanese added that Amcr- can officials wore "very dissal- isfied" wilh this development and had expressed belief Tojo was "leigning." The reliable sources said thai during questioning by American prosecutors, the former premier found he was no longer able to recall dates and olher important details of momentous events of his reign. ' ,^,.. - : >,, , -, - \^.^ They reported "Tojo safe! his "Amnesia" was caused by his at- lempled suicide, when he shol himself in the chest with a small caliber revolver. The Japanese added that Tojo was in good health and "ciuilc calm," in contrast to his former "depressed alitude." He is convinced, they said, that he will never leave prison alive. Hempstead Electric Hearing Set Little Rock, March 2G—Of)—Four explications for extension of rural electric service were set today by the Public Service Commission ior hearing April 23. Tho commission consolidated for hearing thc applications of Southwest Gas and Electric Company Arkansas Power and Light Company and Southwest Arkansas Electric Coperative Corporation for authority to extend their lines in Hempstead, Sevier, Little River and Howard counties. Some of the territory sought by each is in conflict with applications of the other two. Also to be heard is the application of Arkansas Valley Electric Cooperative Corporation of Ozark for authority to extend lines into Newton county. Set for April 24 was thc application of Wodrtiff Electric Co and The State Police Say: A lulle horse-sense added lo the horse-power helps hold accidents down. YOU must furnish the horse-sense to avoid having an accident. , «•—•-*• vi*.*. .uiv.k.|.lJv, \^U|JU1U~ live Corporation of Augusta for a commission revision of certain wholesale rales charged il by Arkansas Power and Lighl Company. Draft CardlitilF Required of Men, Warning by FBI San Francisco, March 26 — (/I')— Even if you fought in thc war and have a siring of medals, Ihc FBI suggesls, keep lhal Selective Service classification card in your pockot, Clinton Stein, FBI special agent in charge here, noted a tendenc- of veterans to chuck their Selective Service cards aside. But, he said, registration and classification cards slill must be carried by men of Iho draft age, regardless of prior service. The FBI is holding men picked up without cards until their Selective Service boards are checked. o Almost two-thirds of Panama's imports normally come from the Uniled Stales. Reds Pulling Out of Iran —Definitely London, March 2G —(UP)— Premier Josef Stalin, replying to a message from Hugh Baillie, president of the United Press, said today thai the Red Army is withdrawing from Iran on the basis of a "positive" agreement between Russia and the Iranian government. Stalin rejected Winston Churchill's recent appeal for UNO security council action on Iran as unconvincing. He disclosed thai Ihc evacuation of Russian troops had been setlled by a direcl Sovicl- Iranian agreemenl, indicating that Russia believes there is no ground for UNO aclion. The Soviet premier's statement was made in a cable to Mr. Baillie, who had invited him to comment on the Iranian ( situation Churchill's recent interview the United Press. In lhal interview the wartime British leader proposed swift UNO action to prc- venl a fait acconipli'lin Iran. Terms of the Soviet-Iranian agreemenl were a mystery. Slalin gave no indication when the agree- menl was reached, or whal il contained. Uniled Slates and Brilain hoped lo find lhal out in the UNO security meeting in New York. Stalin's reply to Mr. Baillie, as broadcast by Tass News Agency said: "I thank you for your friendly suggestion. I cannot regard Churchill's arguments as convincing. As to what concerns the question of withdrawal of Soviel Iroops from Iran, il is well known lhal Ihis had been decided upon in a positive way by an understanding reached between the Soviet gov- ernmenl and Ihe governmenl of Iran. (Signed) Josef Slalin President Council of Ministers 25 March, 1946" The Moscow radio began publicizing Stalin's statement in its firsl morning home news bulletin shortly before 4 a. m. GMT, broadcasting both the Baillie message and Stalin's reply. Stalin's message was the firsl official word iis to thc basis of the withdrawal, which began Sunday. Radio Moscow announced Sunday that Red Army troops were beginning to evacuate Iran and made a vague reference lo an agreemenl. Dispatches from Iran Monday said lhat K. V. Sadchikov. Soviel ambassador in Tehran, informed Ihe Iranian governmenl Sunday nighl that evacuation had begun. The Tehran dispatches said thai Soviel Iroops had left Karaj 20 miles northwest of Tehran, and were pulling out of Kazvin, the big transshipment point of Lend-Lease goods 80 rriilcs northwest of Teh- Industry Fund at $17,800; Extend Time\ The Chamber of Commerce reported today thai Shanhouse & Sons Co. had granted an extension of time for Ihe complelion of Hope's Industrial Fund due lo thc subscription report lo dale Only 31 pledges have been lurned in to date for a tolal of $17 800.00. Using Ihese figures as a guide, Hope should meet Ihe required $70,000.00. Mr. Armilage, secretary for the Chamber of Commerce, in commenting upon the drive stated: "The results to date are encouraging and surprising. Beginning tomorrow lisls will be run daily in Ihe paper showing Ihe purchasers of s|,qck in this fund. I feel that .the citizenry of Hope should know the identily of Ihe individuals who, by Iheir patriotic actions, arc trying to help our town lo wards a progressive future. I am surprised that some of our cilizens have pledged so much and I am proud of Ihem. I have secured an extension of time on this fund because I am convinced thai we want this new industry and that we can afford lo endorse it. well Commercial Building Is Prohibited Washington, March 20 — (/F) — The government, acling to speed construction of homes for veterans, today clamped drastic restrictions on building or repair of virtually all other structures The Civilian Production Administration issued a far-reaching order, effective at once, forbidding the slarl of any new commercial or induslrial conslruction unless specifically authorized. This applies to such things a stores, office buildings, roadhouses, theaters and factories . The objective is lo make more scarce building materials available for the 2.700,000 new homes the government is aiming at during the next two years. The measure, announced by National Housing Expediter Wilson W. Wyatl and CPA Administrator John D. Small, applies throughout the United States and in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. II probably will be exlended later to Alaska and Hawaii. It permits completion of, any conslruclion already begun, provided "any of Ihe malerials which are lo be an inlegral part of the structure have been incorporated in it on the site" before today, and if work is being carried on at present. The order does not apply to con-1 struclion, repair, alleralion or installation jobs on which the cost does not exceed these allowances: 1. Houses designed for five or fewer families, also farmhouses or other structures, such as a garage, or residential properly — $400 a job. 2. Hotel, resort, apartment house or other residential building designed for occupancy by more than five families — $1,000 a job. 3. Commercial or service estab- llshmonl, such as office, slore, garage, Ihealer, warehouse, radio station, gas service station — $1,000 a job. 4. Farm buildings excluding farmhouses— $1,000 a job. 5. Church, hospital, school, public building, charitable institution —$1,000 a job. 6. Factory, plant or other industrial structure used for manufacturing, processing or assembling; logging and lumber camp; pier structure for a commercial airport or carrier terminal; railway or street car building; research laboratory; pilot plant; motion pic- :ure set; utility structure, includ- e—Means Associated Press V—Means Newsocmer Enterorlse Ass'n. PRICE 5c COPY U. S v Britain Demand Russia Make Public Her Deal With Iran Blind Baby Gets Pair of 59-Year- Old Eyes, and Sees! New York, March 26 — (#•)— A 14-month-old baby, blind from birth, now is seeing through 59-year-old eyes which were bequeathed to science by Miss Eve Tobey when she died last September, a hospital spokesman said today. Miss Tobey's eyes were removed and shiped to the Eye Institute of the Presbylerian hospilal where an operalion was performed lo transfer the corneas to the eyes of the baby, ihen eighl months old. ' The spokesman said: "The operalion is considered successful; Ihe baby can see, allhough he musl return for observation for several more months before final judgment is made." The name of the baby was not disclosed. tled by an agreement Moscow and Tehran. U.S. Soldier Emasculated by Germans Frankfurt .March 26. — ( (I?) ) — Mililary police said today a gang of German youths had emasculated a 26-year-old American army corporal and killed another U. S. soldier near the border of Russian- occupied Germany. The corporal, whose name was withheld, is recovering in an army hospital from loss of blood American investigators said no arresl has been made in either case Military police said the corporal was waylaid in a dark, rubble- strewn alley in Kassel at 4:00 A M March 20. He said he had been drinking and was set upon by five or six German youths. He was left bleeding in "the alley, but finally mustered enough strength lo crawllo his hotel billet, from where he was taken lo ng telephone and telegraph; gas f rom . ( V he £9 he . was laker; lo a orvtpctroleunv.Tofining or dislribu--) i\? p mvestigatprs said inn ovhr>nt cnrirlno datinnc. o«V* lne,re" was 11O evidence fn Sllllnnrt ion, except service slations garages — $15,000 a job. 7. Olher slruclures — $200 a job. Under Ihe order, no job which ordinarily would be done as a sin;le piece of work may 'be subdivided for Ihe purpose of coming wilhin Ihe cost allowances. However, a CPA official explained, here is no limit on the number of separate jobs which'may be under- aken while the order is in effect 'However, our lime is running I Technically Ihe order requires .._.-,-, UM^ fc*i»i^» *ia iuiuiUJjj short. Don'l wail lo be conlacled. Call the Chamber of Commerce and join with the citizens already pledged in assuring Hope of continued prosperity by starting off in the right direction. I would like 10 see everyone in Ihis drive, regardless of Ihe amount pledged. 11 is nol a job for the businessman alone, it is Ihe job of all of us lo protect our own future." o Resume Fight for Subsidies on Building Washington, March 26 —(/P)—The administration renewed its fighl today for subsidies to increase supplies of building materials. Housing Expediter Wilson W. Wyatt was called before a Senate Banking Subcommittee to explain his subsidy plan which the House rejected even though President Truman termed it the "very heart" of his emergency housing program. Wyatt proposed to the House that he be given a . $600,000,000 fund and broad authority to spend it on such subsidies as he found would spur the output of building materials. Along with refusing lo adopl this, he House declined to approve irice ceilings on existing houses. That plan would have permitted owners lo sell Iheir homes for whatever price they could get, but would then have frozen the price at lhal ceiling. A working combination of Republicans and southern Democrats knocked out those two key provisions in the House. As passed by the House, the emergency housing legislation includes provisions for: An increase of $1,000,000,000 formal authorization before even homes for veterans can be built. The National Housing Adminislra- lion expecls lo give Ihese homes Ihe green lighl, however, under ils emergency housing program for veterans. In olher words, homes built to sell to veterans at $10,000 or less or to rent al $80 a monlh or less will conlinue lo be eligible for pri- orily help in obtaining scarce materials. Other, more expensive, homes will be authorized only when construction will not impede the veterans program. •*»»»v.«v*£,ei ty L o OdlU. was no evidence to support a theory that the attack was mot- waled by revenge, bul the eoldier was known to have been fraternizing with a German girl. Details of the murder of the soldier at Eschwelge in thc Northern part of Ihe American zone were withheld, but it was reported that an unknown person hit the American on the head with a blunl instrument. The assailant was said lo have been wounded in Ihe struggle. He reportedly fled toward the Russian boundary line leaving a trail of bloodstains. By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER ©• New York, March 26 (#•)— The Uniled Slales and Brilain insisted today that bolh Russia and Iran should report lo Ihe UNO security council Ihe details of whatever agreement Ihey have made — as reported last night by Prime Minister Slalin — for withdrawal of Red Army forces from Iran. Russia opposed having the council lake up Ihe Iranian case, a least in so far as it was presented by complaints lodged with the peace-enforcement agency by Iranian Ambassador Hussein Ala. In sharp opposition, Secretary of Stale Byrnes for Ihe Uniled States and Sir Alexander Cadogan for an or Brilain, declared the case must be heard. Gromyko said there was no need .even lo place the Iranian case on the council agenda for further discussion because it has been set- between Red Cross Fund Now Totals $5,768 . royes lo carry out the new order, I Mrs. R. M. Briant Previously reported Nell Louise Broyles .. 1\/Tii.-. T> tv/r T-»__J , CPA is selling up a regional con- struclion office in each of the 71 cities where the Federal Housing Administration has offices. Working with each of these CPA offices will be an advisory committee of prominent citizens, who Small said, "will screen each project in the light of the peculiarities of the local situation. "They will determine first if it is essential under exisling conditions. "If il is not, Ihc project will be rejected. And even if it is es- senlial Ihey will ask — 'Can il be deferred?' If il can be, il will be Continued on Page Two $5,626.4 5.00 25.00 50.00 5.00 Graves & Graves Geo. M. Green Plunketl-Jarrell Grocery Company 50.00 Donation 5.00 Mary E. Sanders ..'.'... .... lioo John Turner 1.00 Donation 3/25/46 Total 142.00 $5,768.47 The study of the geography of the moon is known as selenog- raphy. There are more than 450 kinds of woodpeckers. Manila, Beautiful City From Distance, Proves to Be Mere Shell on Close Inspection in to insure jovernment authority lome mortgage loans. , Continuation for a year beyond June 30 of authority to fix priori- lipK n 11H fli n iit-ml t.i-,.1 tinr* 1...: 1 j :.. — ' By JOHN R. WARD (Subbing for Hal Boyle) Manila, March 26 —(/?V- Manila's white buildings, seen from the bay, form a proud skyline which seems to belie pounding by victor and vanquished. The city's quiet exterior bears a marked resemblance to California seaport communities, Iheir while buildings gleaming in the sun. Bul it is different inside Ihe Phil- ipines capital. Mililary traffic and vehicles sold lo civilians as surplus—and painted gaudy colors — vn.»*_ uu ui tiuiiiuiuy to iix priori- >i •—,1- , ,.p *•*"•' *-v*"*^ ties and channel scarce buildinc i "^W , k ,; ant -" kc streams pasl malerials inlo construction of low cl 'a. ckcd shells °* . bi § buildings, and medium-priced homes lhe transportation system is on T"» I- . . n ••n_u, , ftntftlt ,, ., n.,1nli nni-s U.,,, I -J I .. . Preference for veterans in the purchase or rental of new houses. Price ceilings on new houses. —-.— Q Negro Woman 1$ Arrested for Untaxed Whisky Katie Matthews, negro woman of West Third street, was arrested a catch as calch can basis and is terrifically overloaded. Enterprising Filipinos are convening military vehicles, especially jeeps, into taxis as rapidly as liiey become available. But there is no city-wide transportation network. Only 21 di- lapidaled righlhand drive cabs arc trundling about. They are lost in a shuffle of olive drab cars on bumpy streets. the Quaint Carreltela — high, two- wheeled carriages drawn by small, - --...« uLit-v.1., wcto eniLJSlCU «»."-\-*vw i-di i idgi;a mclxvil L by Hope police this morning on a : lough horses — are seen charge of possessing unlaxed whis- f — —• i' •* •-• " N- tj u 11 i ^ tl I I L a A V U W , key. She was released on bond. Oil seeping —o- from the round I----O * 4 v j 11 niv t^ 1 U LU 11.1 was used by the Indians as salve and medicine. The word Tammany refers to an Indian chief ' welcomed where. II has been slightly more than a year since American troops smashed the last Japanese resistance in this then smoking city. Bul Filipinos still are clearing up debris from thai holocaust. Few big I-...MJ:..— ,. , . .'_ ^ M A fiiiuaiij' jwicis 10 "**a ^iujii iimi Jiojocausi. r ew Dig chief who is said to have | buildings have been repaired. Most William Penn. I were damaged beyond repair. This is particularly true in sections sought of the Pasig river, which bisects the city. Gaunt columns stab into the azure sky along Dewey boulevard, skirling Manila harbor. Their bullel-blislered masonry is all that remains of what once were beautiful hotels, governmenl buildings are palatial homes. But Manila hums with activity. Open air shops are doing a thriving business ;ilong every slrcel and narrow byway. The flow of goods from the United Slates is increasing steadily, but prices of most commodities are high and beyond the reach of many Filipinos. Food supplies are short. Filipino farmers reduced crops during the Japanese occupation because their overlords would confiscate everything produced. Brown, inn-c- rumped lillle children, their stomachs pitifully bloated, can be seen playing in strcels anywhere in Ihc city. Some schools arc holding classes, bul most have not opened. Many new ones will have to be built. Demobilization is proceeding apace, with many army installations occupied by more officers than enlisted men. Small mountains of military equipment dot the city and most of its outskirts. The streets still are thronged with soldiers who, between souvenir hunting and buying trips through the city, look hopefully at the scores uf big ships hi the har- Lior. Byrnes replied that if Russia had made such an agreement it should have informed the security council and certainly, he argued,'the council would not deny Iran an oppor- tunily to be heard. Alexander endorsed the Byrnes declaration. He cited.a resolution adopted in London by the council two months ago saying that Iran and Russia should try to settle Iheir troubles directly but that the council might ask them to report what they were doing. "Then there is the other question — the maintenance of Soviet troops in Iran" beyond the March 2 deadline for their withdrawal Cadogan said. Instead of merely asking for a delay in taking up the appeal filed last week by Ambassador Hussein Ala of Iran, Gromyko said Prime Minister Stalin had announced the agreement for withdrawal of the troops. They began geting out last Sunday, he added, and thus the Iranian crisis was being handled in accord with a security council admonition to the two nations at London to settle their differences by direct negotlalions. "For these reasons, Mr. Chairman," Gromyko said, to presiding officer Dr. Quo Tai-Chi of China, "I propose that the case not be placed on the agenda." Byrnes said that if an agreement had been reached Russia should have filed a statement of this before the council. •-.••• "The Iranian government has not withdrawn its complaint," he said. "All that is now contemplated " Byrnes argued, "is the adoption of an agenda which would give to the Iranian government an opportunity to present ils case. Surely the United Nations cannot deny to any government the opportunity to present the facts." Gromyko said Iran's letter of appeal for council help contained subject mailer not "fit to be placed on the agenda" of the council. He spoke after Council President Quo Tai Chi of China had swept aside as unready for action tech meal items on the agenda of today s council session, second in America, and plunged lhe peace- enforcement agency inlo discussion of lhe langled Iranian issue. Bolh American and Brilishrep- resenlalives had made i tplain before the meeting lhal Ihey intended lo insist on a full and immediate report from the Soviet Union and Iran on what they have agreed to about gelling Red Army Iroops oul of lhe middle easlern nation. Gromyko had let it be known that, barring new instructions from Moscow, he would seek to block any immediate consideration. The greal powers wenl inlo today's meeting split along the usual line, but split much less seriously than if Russian troops .had nol been al lhe lime : already wUhdi'ow^' ing from Iran. ' " ' The Soviel council member got around to describing Iranian charges as unfit for council consideration after citing Associated Press Correspondent Eddy Gilmore's letter from Prime Minister Stalin last Friday as evidence that Stalin fully backs the United Nalions and ils security council For his opposition to the " ian charges Gromyko these "reasons": Coal Strike Is Called forSunday Washington, March 26—(UP) — President John L. •• Lewis of the sia. Showdown on Extension of Draft Near Washingtpn, March 26—(/P)— The Senate Military commitec divided 8 lo 8 loday on the question whether lo exlend the draft for only six weeks or go ahead with a year's extension. Two members were not recorded and the commillce agreed to meet again late this afternoon to see whether the deadlock could be broken. advanced 1. Evacuation of Red forces from Iran began last Sunday under agreement between Tehran and Moscow. (Premier Stalin said in a statement last night this facl closed lhe case.) The evacuation vill be completed in five or six weeks "unless unforeseen circumstances arise," Gromyko said. 2. He declared that "in recent imes relations between lhe Soviel Jinon and Iran have been aggra- valed by groups seeking to sow distrust" while the policy of Russia "is aimed at peace." 3. He described some of the arguments advanced by Iranian Ambassador Hussein Ala as "ill-founded but said he would not go into hem at once because "there is lo need" to take the Iranian ques- 1011 bclore the council. Ala and his aides were seated a ew feel away from ' the curved •puncil table in the spectators sec- ion of thc rose-tinted council •hamber at Hunter College, in the Bronx. The raven-haired Gromyko peaking in Russian was behind he table lined up with the 10 ither members. "There is no ground," Gromyko aid. "for bringing this subject'be- °j;e the council, as a result of thc gov- Aclually, he argued, negotiations ad been underway between Rusia and Iran when Ala brought his omplaint, bul he said that ^la eglccted to mention lhat in "his =tter to tho council. His argument, Gromyko said hould be carefully considered by ie council "when we decide •Jr.'ther the Iranian question Continued on Page Two Washington, March 26 — (IIP)— Supporters of a draft extension pressed for a show-down today in the Senate Military Affairs Com- mitlee. • 'Wilh Ihe present draft law due to expire May 15, they demanded an immediate commitlec vole on Iwp pending proposals. One would conlinue the drafl six weeks, until " 5, th 1947° ther f ° r * yC '^ UnU1 .Secretary of Stale James F. Byrnes and Ihc nalion's top military and naval leaders asked the committee for a one-year extension. The committee appeared certain, to favor at least a six-weeks con- tmuation. It had thc support of such draft foes as Sens. Edwin C. Johnson, D., Colo., and Chapman Revercomb, R., W Va Johnson said continuing conscription until July 1 would catch many students who had been deferred unlil Ihe end of Ihis school year He said il would bring in enough recruits by July 1 to enable the army to release- eve'r-v dralled father. .greemenl between the two rnmcnts." Aunt Throws Child Into Furnace Gary, Ind., March 26 — (UP)— Mrs. Socorro Ramos, 23, guest in her sister's home, threw her 7- monlhs-old nephew inlo the furnace and the child died despile his mother's frantic rescue efforts, police said today. Gary officers said lhal Mrs. Ramos was visiting Mrs. Carmen Mircles, 26, mother of Ihe child, and another sister, Mrs. Clcofa Hinas, at their home ycsierdav. .She picked up tho child and took him to thc bascnienl, according to thc account told by thc sisters. .There she threw him into Ihe furnace and closed the door. She walked back upstairs and told whal she had done. Mrs. Mircles ran to thc basement und took the child from its bod of coals. She said her boy still was living, but he was dead on arrival at Mercy hospital, Stephen Foster wrote more than 200 songs. .1 United Mine Workers announced today that a nation-wide work stoppage would' begin in the bituminous coal fields- at midnight Sunday. His announcement was made at a press conference after the union, had notified soft coal operators that it was exercising its option to terminate the present wage contract at that .time. Lewis said there would be no ex- , tension of the existing contract 1 "on any basis, retoractive or other- { wise," during the war, the union agreed to • extend expired contracts while negotiatons continued. Atom Leak Is Admitted by Canadian Montreal, March 26 —(UP)— Prof. 'Raymond Boyer, wartime chemist at McGill university, admitted today that he gave details of a secret/Canadian explosive to Fred Rose, Communist member of Parliament, and that he knew the formula was sought by Soviet Rus, Boyer, one of the suspects arrested in connection with the Soviet espionage ring in Canada, made , the admission at resumption of lj preliminary hearings for Rose.* jj Both are charged with violation of the Official Secrets Act. Boyer said the details of the explosive, known as RDX. were given to Rose "in someone's house" late in 1943 and in ;1944. The chemist told the court thai,'he was "anx-t iotis'to do-what"! could to gi\re the Sov.iet Union the process:" ••••• Boyer, who has worked at the University of Vienna, .University of Paris and at Toronto University said he first met Rose in 1938. He began working on research at McGill in 1940.

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