Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on March 22, 1946 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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foge Eight Frederick Smith, Mormon Church Head/ Dies at 72 Independence, Mo.. March 20 — .Wfc-fiDr. Frederick M. Smith. 72, president of the Reorganised Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, died today. Dr. Srhith, grandson of the • .founder ot the Latter Day Saints I .'Church, entered a hospital March I U" suffering from an acute cucula- 1o^ fatluie, -He had headed the reorganized .cmftch since 1915. HOH STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS Detroit Father to Marry Off Four Daughters at Once Detroit. March 20 — (<T) —A proud man is grocer George Saieg. " ^ On Sunday April 19 he plans to give four daughters in mar- ri;i«e. virtually all at once. The brides-to-be arc Mary 21: Dorothy. 19; Helen, 22, and Rose. 1(3. There will be two double ceremonies at St. George S y r i a n Orthodox Church. Said Saieg: "I never Heard 1 I I \ atTALBOT'S.... set of 4 DECORATIVE PLACE MATS styled by Lady SVlvia A Splashed with giant-size flowers or fruit, these rriats add a delightful touch to a holiday dinner. Easy to clean with a damp cloth, heat-resistant, V .end ruggedly Cork-tex backed. Gift Boxed. TAIBOT'S "WE OUTFIT THE FAMILY" Mistresses Died With Victims Paris, March 20 — (UP) —Dr arcel Petiot today indignantly told the court which is trying him on a charge of murdering 2(i persons that he killed the mistresses of his victims because, "Well what the hell could you do with IncmV" The evil-eyed physician and self- described leader of an underground resistance band gave his mswer when asked by the prosccu- lon why his alleged "flytox" gang killed the mistresses of their va- •ious enemies. Peliot told how he and his supposed comrades eliminated a Gcs- apo spy known as Jo the Boxer nd his mistress. Anne Bassett, «s veil as a woman named Ancte Capitol Talk Washington, March 21 —For Ar- kansns's seven hardworking con- grossinen, the Jackson Day clinnet in Little Rock Saturday night comes at an opportune time, lor exactly three weeks and four days later tnc federal primary ticket will close, with all of them seeking re- nomination. For the two senators, this is one of those pleasant in-between seasons when neither has to bother with a race, or with immediate preparations for a race. War and reconversion difficulties have not left the congressmen mien time to build or mend' political fences. They have little oppor- unity to mingle with constituents -mcl explains the whys and where- ores of particular votes. They would be less, of more nan human if they did not wonder •t times what the "folks back r•,,. ,--••••-•••"• 4»n«.n; n. iiinua wiiui me IOIKS OacK loiest of Mary outside (home" were thinking and saying Next Saturday's big political gct- He said the Gestapo man knelt nd begged for his life. "Before we could kill him one f the women pulled a gun," lie aid, "and we shot her down with tommy gun. Then we killed him vilh one blow of a lead-filled rub- cr lire. Then we shot the second voman and buried the three ot :icm in the forest." Prosecutor Pierre Dupin said: ' Why did you kill the mistresses of these people?' 1 Pctiot's face lit up with strange ecstasy and he spot out: "Well, what the hell could you do with them?" 3 Burn to Death in Farm Home Near Fairfax. Mo. Faiffaxi Mo.. March 20 — (/p>— Three persons burned to death and two others were burned critically crcay ast njght in a fire which destroyed Phillips farm home a mile north of here. The victims were Mrs. Phillips, 25; a Jane, two and irry Rav .„ Phillips, 33, and ), escaped from th_ „, ing. They were lakcn ville hosnilal. Walker daughter. Ruby half years old "day old son. ' , , a son, Virgil, 1U, escaped from the burning build" to a Mary. Cause of the fire was not known, but Fairfax firemen said they found tne top of the kitchen stove had been blown off. WRONG STOP Kansas City, March. 19 —(/P)— A taxi drove up to S. A. Hautt's office and the driver asked directions to Wilmington. Hautt said he knew of no such place. The taxi's feminine passenger described a previous trip to Wilmington. "I got out of the plane at the Los Angeles airport and took a taxi straight north," she explained ' ••—•— i n Kansas City now," said Hautt. "Oh, my- gosh," she take me back to quick!" exclaimed, the airport of four sisters getting married like that, did you?" Last year he saw his son, Elias, and another daughter, Mabel, wed in a double ceremony. TELL YOU WHAT together, the last that will be held prior to the campaign period, will provide a rare chance to do some inquiring and listening. That, at least, is what the lawmakers arc counting on. Not Soliciting Opposition Every one of them hopes, of course, that he will escape opposition, but none dares count upon that as a certainly. Already there have been announcements, or hinls, that a soldier, or an ex-soldier, will try to unseat one or morc of them. Less lhan a month hence, they will know for certain. Each of Ihcm has confided pri- valely, or stated publicly, his concern over the complications arising from the new primary law sep- araling the congressional primaries from those for other offices. This means, beyond question, thai the vote in Iho congressional races if there arc any, will be relatively Iighl, but the extra primaries will not, on thai account, be much less expensive to the .counties. They have read in Arkansas newspapers suggestions and statements and warnings, relative to the new law, that naturally have them wondering just what to anticipate. The fact that a majority of counties chose lo ignore Ihe provision of Ihe act requiring them to pay expenses of congressional primaries has been somewhat disquieting. Services of volunteer judges and clerks might, or might not, prove satisfactory; and just what the status of judges and clerk, serving in a manner not authorized by the talulcs, would be if they were challenged would be In an unanswered question. So litllc attention did the election act get before its passage in 1945 that none of the congressmen knew us provisions until it was too late to protest. Yet, some of them have been informed, in letters Irom "home," that they are being accused by some of having sponsored the legislation on the theory that it would discourage opposition. Want It Repealed in 1947 One congressmen said he was confident that not a member of the Arkansas legislature would say that any member of the delegation in Congress recommended any such law. Moreover, when the 1P47 General Assembly convenes, the congressmen are Hoping, ana ready to urge, that the separate primary law be repealed. It probably will be the subject of more conversation Saturday in Litlle Rock than will Andrew Jackson to whose memory the meeting be a tribute; bul ihc talks about Uie unpopular law will be amicable, me relationship between the Lancy administration and the congressional delegation has been all thai could be desired, and the federal lawmakers want that condition to continue. It makes their work a lot easier when the state government is co-operating and cooperative. Washington kansas next fall. Lincbarrier was named us ni end on the all-stale second lean lust season and was a first-string all-stale guard in 1944. «r»- »' i w. m*_ ii\-civi ui nnj -tittrnnill srucl ho line! received ti aviation industry today is the same j letter from the six-foot 187-pouncl- jCr saying he would report tothe Razorback coaching staff in Scp tcmbei. (Second of Two Articles) By JACK STINNETT Washington—The "heavy-heavy" thai hangs over the head of the aviation industry today is the sain that was there 28 years ago —surpluses of war-produced planes and Thursday, March 21, 194< motors. "«i«i In ine field of military aviation, this is probably a far more serious problem than il was Ihen. Military aviation at the end ot Ihe war was undergoing a change as drastic as from Ihc hand grenade lo the atomic bomb. Chairman lilbert Thomas (D.- Lliah), of Ihc Senate Military Affairs committee, in a recent signed irticle in "The American Magazine, said "Ihe Germans' air weapons were ahead of ours at Uie start of the war and far ahead at its end. We won the air war with muscle — not mind. We smothered hem wilh the sheer weight of em- planes." Senator Thomas is pleading for civilian control of airplane develop- nent, or rather air defense including all weapons lhat are flown hrough IHC skies. There is no need o get into lhal argument to cite chapter and verse on what is happening to our military plane prod- iction and development. It's practically nil. Unless pros- •nl schedules are changed Great Britain will produce twice as many mlttary plahcs as we in I94C; Aus- ralia, with about one-tenth our jopulation, will produce half as iiany; and Russia goodness knows vhal, but Stalin has promised lhal won t be just 'a few. E. E. Wilson, chairman of Ihc Aircraft Industries Association of \merica, declared the other dav 'Ihe planes produced during the war all are now obsolete and na- Committee Votes to Transfer Spa to Western Court Washington, March 20 — (/I')—A bill lo transfer jurisdiction of offenses committed in the Hot Springs National Park from the federal court for the eastern district of Arkansas to the court for the western district has been favorably reported by the House El Dorado Stadium Donors Authorized to Make Contract Lille Rock, March 20—(/I 1 )—Committee representing the 394 donors to a fund for a memorial stadium nt h,l Dorado may make o contract for the erection of the sta- JirViV 1 Alomov General Guy E. Williams ruled today. The opinion, to John E. Shut- ford of El Dorado, reversed an Judiciary Commitoc. The legislation is intended to cor- •ecl n situation which resulted vhen some counties were trans- erred from the eastern to the vestern judicial division of the tale without ;i corresponding :hangc in the park law. tional security now rests on the recent new types developed in months." Contrast that statement with this icict. Of the 23 airplane engines turned out in January, two were experimental - and "none was of ine ^jct or gas turbine propulsion There isn't very much on the record yet to indicate a way out ot this situation. Laboratory experimentation in the United States s not at a standstill. The production of experimental planes and "f IS> ,. But cvcn morc lm P° rl for the progress of aviation, \\artnne surplus bugabo is t 1 ^? :>ga .' n ' ? nly two Companies that produced war planes in World 'Thi,.r sur , vivcd lht - 'Twenties and l a l r' I? md " CC Plallcs ror Thanks to the Contract Termination Act of 1944 and the team- of "" 1B iUKl the wMi with . air c °rdinating commitcc, representatives -from the aves -rom the Army, Navy, ; ,nd Commerce dl parlmonts, and the Civil <\ero naulics Administration, has ' aP '' OCl ' Cl '°'' of 3,000 rnlit,,.- o Bram o 3,000 military planes a year under cnn ?abou? ? £ .° bsolutc world pt" CC 'about twice that many under existing troublous conditions.) Those are the facts, as prepared perls"'™ 0 ' a ," d «°™™™n "ex- Ports. The rest is up to Congress. Linebamer, Grid Star of Camden, to Attend University FaycUcville, March 20 — «•, _ Athletic Director John Ban hill cht? hTc - h ; ld bc -' c » "° l &" Uicslor Linobarrier, outstand famdcn High school footb lei- would attend the University of Ar. Busines Property Rent Control Arkansas congressmen who have been receiving complaints thai owners of, or agents for, business oliiccs and building have been lipping rent ubtanlially were in- U>restcd in the testimony of New York City's Mayor William O Dwyer before Ihe House Com- millcc on Banking and Currency of which Rep. Brooks Hays is a nembcr. In Ihe absence of federal control /or business rentals, Mayor Dwycr said, "we have had to enact state commercial rent con- rol legislation which limits rent ncreascs to a fixed percentage over the rent at the freeze dale " The OPA enforces residential ceilings, but Congress has ordered t lo keep hands off business prop- Galla creek, Pope county »nnif and r Prili ': io ''cgion, flood pro- tcclion from Arkansas and White ' bayous. L'Anguille river. Little river. Lille Missouri river, Murfropn boro dam construction. JVUuacos Ouaehila river and tributaries in Arkansas and Louisi; ..... JUlalles ln -rj j «••••*.* J-^JUlSlcll III S ns°nkl'T'' 1 '" L1OLlisiil »«. Arkansas, Oklahoma and Texas for mivi- H«.!?="• n ° od control, power and ir- rigatio'n tics. s ri y or ' for floocl con- anci St Fl> ancis-coun- . White river, niulliplo-purpose reservoir near the Beaver so on m A n Bavou M i' iVC - r llcal> Al *«'»a A Bayou Melo investigation re- SaWaiUn iru ' Washington, March 19 — Floods ire a perennial problem to Arkan- sa.ns, hence flood control appropriations arc a constant concern of Arkansas' congressional delega- lor }- Those previously approved i and those for which the senators' are battling now are by no means the last on the government's contemplated program. When General Wheeler, chief of w l ^ y - ?? gi " c u crs1 : s »PPticd Senator Fulbnght with the list of Arkansas projects for which congressional authority ,and in many instances apropnations, have been given lie appended a summary of proposals now in the "investigation" Two of these are already the subject of comprehensive reports which have been turned over to Governor Lancy for comment. i hey are the studies of the Arkansas river and tributaries and of ino Red river main stem downstream from Denison Dam, Texas Before Review Board Reports arc before the Board of Engineers for review in connection with (1) Arkansas river above Pine Bluff, control of caving banks in Jefferson county; (2) Bocuf and fensas rivers and Bayou Macon in Arkansas and Louisiana, for control of floods and drainage in R yr H ss Drainage System of Desna, Chicot and Lincoln counties, and outlets to Boeuf river Chicot county; (3) Grand (Ncoslio) river and tributaries in Oklahoma 7i an 1?iu'- Mlssoui 'i and Arkansas; lit White river, improvement for navigation, Irrigation and flood control, in Arkansas and Missouri Field Ivestigations Field investigations arc under way for: Arkansas river for flood protcc- . At least one of the projects in the investigalion slage is already enoontoring plenly of opposition from private power iniercsls 'This is the reservoir proposed for Ihe Beaver site on White river near Iho Akansas-Missouri line. below . ...^ ^ luil . Arkansas river, caving banks control above Little Rock, near Palarm creek. Big Piney creek, Johnson county Fourche La Fave river (South fork). Perry county, for flood control, water supply and allied us earlier holding thai Ihe funds do haled should he treated as la funds by Ihe city's school board. William:; said lhal Ihe first opin ion was based on a misunderstanding thai Ihc money donated was Intended to supplement regular tax funds. Shalford wrote that this w»* not the case and that tax inont'yVl would not be used in the erection of Uie stadium. Lacrosse is one of the collegi- <ilo sports thai continued through- 'Hit the war. COLD PREPARATIONS! Liquid — Tablets — Salve — Noso Drops Has satisfied millions lor years. "' Cuution . Uce only a; d,u .:<•'' Rephan's March Buys We are offering many real values in merchandise for now and Summer. Buy your new Easter outfit at Rephan's. LADIES SUITS >ring si 15"» 22 LADIES DRESSES :cl seersm to 44. / 2.80 WASH DRESSES i in florc Sizes i; 2.10 —~ ™^*" ' •• »™ Mi VM^ Ladies all wool spring suits. In all the wanted spring shades. '.40 to Ladies striped seersucker dresses Sizes 12 to 44. All colors. Wash dresses in floral prints, IQCG collars. Sizes 12 to 20 Ladies Slips Slips in tailored and lace trimmed styles. Tea Rose. Sizes 34 to 44. 1.20 Wash Suits Anklets and Misses'. Panties Ladies Rayon Panties 49c Children's Rayon Panties n Sizes 1 to 6 1.50 Bedspreads Many patterns arid sol ids"" ' sP^ads. Green, rose and gold. 19Cand25c SUMMER SHOES Ladies sandals and dress shoes in white red beige, blue and black patent. All sizes ' Others to 4.95 & feft Misses Slips Misses white broadcloth and batiste slips. Sizes 10 to 16 70c Ladies Panties Ladies triple X rayon panties. A real value. 98c c Men's Shirts Blue Chambray shirts 1.16 Handkerchiefs Men's white handkerchiefs. IOC and 15C Children's Slips In pink or while broadcloth. Sizes 2 to 12 48c Boys Dungarees Boys dungaree pants in heavy Sanforized duck. Treated for durability. Olive drab. Sizes 6 to 16. 1.47 BOYS Ploy Overalls Jimrnie-Alls arid Play overalls in stripes and solids. Chambray, seersucker and denim. 98c PIECE GOODS Jersey J'in checked jersey, ideal for baby dresses in red • brown and black. yard Blue Chambray Sanforised shrunk. Curtain Material !)•) inch la ci! ciirlain material in white and pink. 9oC yard yard DRESS LENGTHS Sharkskin, printed rayons, crepes, alpacas bum- bergs and jerseys. Solids, florals, stripes and checks Une to four yard lengths. 98Cand 1,49 yard a n s The Friendly Store" Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H. Wa»hburn" ' \ Another Spring ^ and Hope Needs Softball Park Baseball Is in the air all over (America. Tnc major leagues arc wanning up at Southern vacation spots, wlinur league players are beginning to worn out on Iheii home grounds—as Ihc professional ciicuils IOOK toward opening day. There will be no league opening day in Hope, for cities our size 1 do nol have prolcssional teams. But tne smaller cities do have soiioall leagues, operating with many learns, »md periodically en- leriaining teams from neighboring towns. All ihis calls attention to Ihc fad wuit Hope still does not have the necessary physical equipment to stage a good brand of souball. The spoi l needs strong support from IMC city government .ana the public in orner to set up a first-class soflball diamond at Fair park. Vve need new lights, and suitable seating accomociations lor Ine crowd. In prewar seasons Ihe municipal sollball league attracted as hign us H teams, each playing once or .twice a week, so tnat every night .•jhere was some competitive sport at Fair park. Nothing helps a city more lhan hoinc-dueclcd sport—for it is to the smaller' towns what the professional leagues .are lo Ihc big cilics Let's make a start this season for a real softball field. * -K * By JAMES THRASHER Disturbing Parallels Premier Stalin has accused Winston Churchill ul nursing a Hil- lerish idea of racial superiority, J.K! of wanting to make this an ',*i{5lo-baxoii world. Bul il seems STi us that Mr. Stalin's recent actions, much morc than Mr. Churchill's words, bear the marks of the Hitler inllucncc. . Mr. Stalin may be, and doubtless is, guided by clecidly different motives. But the parallels ot melhod arc striking. Hitler began to prepare the ground for war by talking of democratic encirclement, un- Inenclly elements in neighboring countries, and the right of selt- defense. ,- Mr. Stalin has recently spoken of ''capitalistic encirclement, the desire for friendly governments on Russia's borders, and the need of preparing Russia for "any eventuality." Hitler directed his most venomous oratory at Great Britain while in the early days, he assured the United States ot his triendly Intentions, played up the considerable amount ot German blood in America's racial stock, .and advised us that Britain's war was none ot our business. •$fl Mr. Stalin and Ihc Russian press have had some bitler things to say about Britain-ii.- recent days. At the same ,time they pointed out thai Russia has been friends wilh Ihc Uniled Slales longer and more consistently than Britain has. They have advised us lhal it is nol our mission lo pull Britain's imperial chcstnuls out of Ihc fire. .Hitler began his military activities by sending troops into undefended or weakly defended border tcrrtorios, with Austrian annexation as the climax. Mr. SlalhVs "•troops have been active in Iran, where they remain in violalion ot a treaty in which Russia agreed to evacuate them on March 2 There the parallel ends. Hitler thundered and his armies clanked aboul near home until he had built up what he thought was an invincible war machine. Mr. Stalin undoubtedly has the most powerful military force under arms today. That lorcc may be kept under iirms until he achieves the political atmosphere which lie ob- ^yiously considers vital to Russia's •future lite, but the elements of which lie lias nol chosen to reveal to Ihe real of Ihc world. U is unlikely that Mr. Stalin wants another war. Certainly, he does not want il now. For Russia, with .all her military might, is war-weary and industrially weak. Whether Mr. Stalin's activities are aimed al gathering resources needed in building a war machine five or ten years hence is another mailer, nol to be dismissed witfi i "lime alone will tell." Vf' The external parallel of German activities in the late Thirties and Russian acliviles loday, however different the internal motives, proclaims the urgent need for action. This time Ihe tragic drift toward destruction must be stopped early and completely. That is a job for the Uniled Slales. Russia and Britain arc now engaged in pol-and-kcllle accusations of blackness which can only make a dangerous situation worse. There is need for strong mediation backed by strong force. If *lhat means that wo must partially rearm, then, repugnant as the thought is, we shall have lo do it. Paul Geren Files as Opponent for Rep. Oren Harris Little Rock, March 22—M'j— The first formal opposition to an incumbent congressman appeared today when Paul Gercn, and army •Jficutcnunl, who gave his address as Box 545, El Dorado, filed a corrupt practices pledge as a candidate for seventh dislricl representative. •' Oren Harris of El Dorado is Ihe incumbent and is expected to file • for re-election this week. J. Lee Dearden of Leachville filed as a candidate for the stale 1 Senale from the 30th district which includes only Mississippi county. The incumbent, B. Frank Williams of Osccola, has announced he would not be a candidalc. *•/ Two war veterans have indicated they might enlcr the federal primaries against Reps. E. C. Gainings and Brooks Hays but have not filed corrupt practices pledges. The Pacific is the largest and deepest of the oceans, and wilh dependent seas has an area of about 55,000,000 miles— equal to the entire land surface of the globe. Eighty-five per cent of Ihe world's land arc a lies north of the Hope 4 7TH" YE ART VOL. 47--N0713 4 Star of Hooe,dB99: Press. 1927. Consolidated January 18. 1929. Star WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Mostly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Saturday; a few scattered showers in north portion tonight and in east and south portions Saturday; cooler in northwest portion Saturday afternoon. HOPE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, MARCH 22, 1946" Activity Home Service Vital of Red Cross The Home Service Department of the American Red Cross, Mrs. Lucille Can-igan, Executive Secretary slates that during the past month she has received at least one telegram per day sometimes two asking for furlough verifications for servicemen. One telegram was from the American Red Cross War Bride Train asking her lo locale relatives of the husband of war bride who was to arrive. She had to make four telephone calls and drive 35 miles in locating relatives. Telephone calls average from six to eight per day all pertaining to Red Cross services. The Home Service department not only has been In communication with the servicemen in the SUitcs but has also been in contact through Iho American Red Cross Field Directors with those in Osaka, Japan and Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. The people should know that the Red Cross is the only channel through which messages may be sent in locating and gel- ting messages to servicemen. The_department has given the following services during this period to servicemen, ex-veterans, families of servicemen and ex-veterans, also any number of services to civilians; helped with insurance claims, death claims, social histories, reports on health of families, financial assistance, assistance, assisted with government benefits, birth certificates, selective service papers, notified servicemen of extension of furloughs, written letters to different military authorities for mother's and wives ot servicemen who have not been heard from for a period of three months or longer in regard to locating them. The Red Cross renders any kind of service lhat is in their power, for each and everyone who calls. But Remember—it is your Red Cross. It depends on you for its very cxistance. For them to help you in an emergency, they must have the means with which to do it. So give from'your heart. Give generously. Give today. Previously reported $5,375.72 P. T. Staggs 2.50 Primary Department (Methodist Church) G.OO John Jefferson 1.00 Johnnie Green 3.00 Mr. & Mrs. J. W. Frith „.... 5.00 Mr. & Mrs. T. A. Jackson 5.00 Arkansas-Louisiana Gas Company 75.00 Mrs. Marjpric Dcnnle ' 2.00 Mrs. Maggie M. Waller 1.00 Margie Mosicr 1.00 Jeanctte Rosonbaum ... 1.00 Mrs. June Lewtcr ... 1.00 Mrs. Mildred Rogers 2.00 Mrs. Shirley Hervcy ... ].00 . Jean Rogers 2.00 Obera Dodson 1.00 Bernice Salisbury 1.00 Virginia Keith 2.00 Mrs. Daphne Levins ... 1.00 Emmet Lewallen 1.00 Ora Mac Moody 2.00 679 Taxi Company (Jesse Brown- I. Urrcy) 5.00 City Cafe 5.00 J. C. Atchley 10.00 Ideal Cleaners (Add'l) 3.00 Mr. & Mrs. Thcll Joplin 5.00 Total donations 3/21/4G 144.50 Arkansas Pretty Much Like Man Worth a Million But Without Fare for Taxicab By SAM G. HARRIS ©- Grand Tolal $5,520.22 Mrs. Marajan Dyess, Widow of Hero of War, Weds Again Los Angeles, March 22 — (/]')— Mrs. Marajen Dycss, widow «>f LI. Col, William Dycss, hero of the ballo of Balaan, has announced she was married in Santa Barbara Saturday lo Alton Horton, men's sportswear manufacturer. She said the marriage, which look place in the Firsl Presbyterian church, climaxed a romance that began when they met rccenlly in Mexico. Dyoss was killed when his P-38 crashed in nearby Burbank in December, 1943. Shortly afterward the government released his graphic story of the Balaan death march, and told of his thrilling aerial operations. Mrs. Horton is vice presedent of the Champaign, 111. .News-Gazette, Inc., and her mother, Mrs. Helen M. Slcvick of Champaign, is prcs- idenl. Little Rock, March 22 — (/P)— The stale government of Arkansas is in almost the same position today as the man who had a million dollars in the bank but had to borrow SO cents from his chauffeur to pay for lunch. Arkansas has a $48,439,000 bank account, good credit, and i\ growing income but virtually is without spare cash fo ruse as "spending money." Depending on one's viewpoint, it might be said that Arkansas had $1,543,412 extra cash with which to buy its citizens a "little something extra"—or even $9,374,146 for that purpose. However, either of (hose sums, or anything in between them, is wrapped up in manifold limitations such as apropriations, tax laws restricting use of the money they bring in, obligations made in me past, the 1945 Stabilization act and, probably most important, public sentiment. There' is an old saying that "what the legislature enacts, it may revise; what the legislature gives ,il may take away." Whether the legislature would care to tamper with 38 separate appropriations and special funds—many of them politically sacred—for $9,674,000 is a moot question. Involved would be revision of the stabilization law. This would have to be done before the slale may use any part of its so-called cash balance. There arc persons intimate with the slate government who insist that "cash balance" is a misnomer. A study of the "cash balance" picture will show their reason. This is the picture: On March 19, 194G there was a balance in ALL slate funds of $48,439,000, in round figures. Debt service requirements for April had" cut the balance from about $53,000,000 the lolal on March 1. Of the $48.439,000, there was $10,543,000 in trust accounts and safekeeping funds. This ten and a half million dollars is pledged irrevocably, to debt services, Inveslmenls of various types such as teacher retirement system funds and other similar moneys. Also $28,520,000 is allocalcd by Acl 311 of 1945—Ihe stabilization law for various functions of cash- and-carry state operations. Keep lhat $28,520,000 and the stabilization law in mind. They figure in the piclurc laler. Continued on Page Two Agree Draft Is Necessary, But How Long? Washington .March 22 — (/?) — Testimony that America's position in the troubled world demands a peacetime draft produced mixed reaction today among lawmakers who heard the admonition from cabinet and top army officers. Members of both Senate and House Mililary Committees appeared to share a general feeling that Selective Service should be kept alive beyond its May 15 expiration date. But there was no clcarcut agreement on how long. The two committees returned to the subject after long testimony- some of it in secret session —yesterday by: 1. Secretary of State Byrnes, who was reported by members to have told the Senate Committee that those charged with responsibility for the nation's .security are alarmed lest there not be enough new soldiers and sailor to replace those now entitled to come home. 2. Secretary of the Navy For- rcslal, quoted -as telling the senators lhat Ihe navy could nol hope I'd Ihe men il slill needs if Se- leclive Service dies. '6. Secretary of War Patterson, who asked both the House and Senate commiUecs 'to recommend a one-year extension. 4. General of the Army Dwight D. Eisenhower, who told the House group that the world situation is such that the draft should be extended, not for « year but indefinitely. Eisenhower was quoted as telling the senators lhat "Ihc mili- lary security of the nation in iu- lure wars" requies among other things 'an outlying base system, built around modern land-based air power, backed by necessary ground and service forces." 5. Gen. Carl Spaatz, chief of the Army Air Forces, who was said to have warned the Senale group that "the possibilities of atomic warfare-further accentuate Ihe need for the maintenance of adequate air forces in being. —7^ Police Take Man Off Train for Disturbing Troops A man giving his name as Cecil Thodl'ord was taken off a northbound Missouri Pacific passenger train early this morning on complaint that he was circulating among soldiers giving them liquor. The man was said to have been put off the train at Texarkana, but rcboardcd it later. Hope police booked him for drunkenness and disturbing the peace. Rod Cross Gray Ladies arc serving 1,202 federal and civilian hospitals. Decision for Peace or War in Troubled Dutch Empire Is Expected Within Month By Vern Haugland i Just returned from several months in Java and Indonesia). New York, March 21 — i/Pi — Troubled Java, astcw with Nationalist disturbances for seven months, should setllo down — or violently boil over — within a month or six weeks. This is Ihe estimate of observers in Java who base their predictions upon the tenure of Sir Archibald Clark Kcrr. the British special ambassador who is trying to bring the Dutch and Indonesians to an agreement. Sir Archibald is scheduled lo return to England within thai lime, to prepare to take his new assignment as successor lo Lord Halifax in Washington in May. Political experts say the recognized Dutch and unrecognized Indonesian governments of the East Indies either II aeree or aijrep definitely to disagree before the British ambassador's departure. Optimists watching the situation in Batavia point out that personal Kerr, the Dutch acting governor- relationships between the principals in the discussions — Clark Kerr, Hie Dutch acting governor- general, H. J. Van Mook, and the Indonesian premier, Sutan Sjahrir —are excellent. They feel that Ihe Dutch offer of a measure of Indonesian self-government within the Dutch empire —wilh an opportunity in the unspecified future to chose complete independence—is sufficiently broad to serve as the basis for a satisfactory settlement, particularly since Sjahrir, a moderate, recently strengthened his hand through cabinet changes. They point to a weakness among the Dutch and Indonesians alike over the dragging dispute, and an eagerness lo gel economy inlo mo- lion again in a land where food and lextiles are dwindling. They believe that a show of force, if called for, would suffice to subdue any die-hard insurgents. Observers on the glomicr side hold lhat Indonesian independence demands are loo extreme ever to be adjusted to the reservations of powerful, conservative Dutchmen, many of whom bitterly oppose .any concessions Van Mook may offer.' These pcssimisls say also lhal even should. Dutch and Indonesian Continued on Page Two Iran Lines Up Wilh U.S. in UNO Meet New York, March 22 —(/P)— Iran, which has protested to the United Nations the presence of Russian troops on ils oil-rich territory, formally aligned itself with the United States today in opposing a Soviet request that the meeting of the 11- nalion Security Council be delayed 16 days. Such postponement—which would sol back Ihe opening meeting from next Monday to April 10 — would "inevitably result in increased harm to the interests of .Iran," Hus- seing Ala, Iranian ambassador, said in a letler to Trygve Lie, UNO secrelary general. The Iranian letter came several hours after President Truman flatly declared that the scheduled meeting of the powerful Security Council would not be postponed and that the United States delegation would press for action on the Trania case. But Andrei A. Gromyko, Russian ambassador, replying to the presi- dcnl's statement, said Security Council action now on the Iranian dispute would merely complicate it. Russia had requested postponement of the meeting on the grounds that it needed more time to prepare its side of the case. Unanimous agreement by the members ot the Security Council is needed 19 postpone the meeting, and opposition to the delay already has been voiced by representatives of China, Australia and Great Britain. Iran is not a member of the Security Council. Hussein Ala's leter, released here last night by UNO officials, said the Iranian government hoped the consideration of its case against the Soviet Union "will not be delayed." "At the conference in London decision was postponed upon the merits of the earlier dispute pending negotiation between the parties," the leller said and .added: "These negotiations have failed. Meanwhile, March 2, the date fixed by the tripartite treaty, has passed and the Sovicl troops have not been withdrawn. The obligation of Uie Soviet government to withdraw its forces from Iran is not a proper subject for negotiation under the charter of the United Nations or the constitution of Iran. "The delays thus far permited have intensified the critical conditions in my country caused by Ihe failure of Ihe Soviel Union to withdraw these troops. The stale of affairs is evry grave and further delays would inevitably result in increased harm to the interests of Iran. "1 shall be greatly obliged if you will have the kindness to communicate these views immediately to the members of the Security Council." Council members are the United States, Russia, Great Britain, France, China, Australia, Brazil, Poland, Holland, Egypt, and Mexico. Adm. Howard L Vickery Dies at 54 Palm Springs, Calif, March 22 —(/P)—A heart attack suffered only a few hours after he arrived here for medical treatment was fatal lasl night lo Vice-Adm. Howard L. Vickery, 54, retired deputy chairman of the Maritime Commission. Assigned to Ihe commission in 1937, Admiral Vickery had charge of ship design and construction for Ihc Merchant Marine unlil ill health forced his retirement last December. Mrs .Vickery was wilh him when he was stricken. A son, LI. Conidr. Hugh Vickery, stationed at Long Beach, Cal., said burial would be in Washington. D. C., the family home, where a daughter, Barbara, resides. 65c Minimum posted for 20% of the Nation By United Press The Wage Stabilization Board pprovcd a Go-cent minimum wage iday for 2,360,000 workers in the iilion's manufacturing plants as choral Motors Corp. charged the IO workers with violating a strike itlcmcnl reached March 13. Reconversion strikes and shut owns affected more than 400,000 i orkers across the nation. More than one third of the workers were idle as the result of the 122-day-old '"-.M strike. Settlement of the strike against Ihe International Harvester Co. appeared near after ihe company and the CIO equipment workers agreed upon an 18-ccnt hourly wage increase. ',,Thc two-months old strike was pnlinued, however, pending settlement of other issues, principally maintenance of membership, pay for stewards and allowances for piece workers. Company' and union officials will confer with Department of Labor officials at Washington Tuesday in an attempt to sijttle these issues. At Detroit. GM charged that the UAW had violated the 18 1-2 cent settlement by withholding approval of local agreements at some of the 92 struck plants. Locals at 21 plants have failed to reach agreement on local issues, prolonging th'e 122-day-old strike. :.GM said it would not recall UAW members until issues had been settled at all plants. JThe GS-cent minimum wage was approved by the Wage Stabilization Board would permit automatic, blanket aproval to all wage increases bringing hourly rates up to, 65 cents for 20 per cent of the nation's manufacturing force. Quiet was restored to the picket line around the strike-bound Pittsburgh plant of Westinghouse Electric Corp. after fighting broke out between members of the United Electrical Radio and Machine Workers (CIO) and non-striking supervisors. Violence started when six non- production workers bucked hundreds of pickets who formed a tight line around the strike-bound plant. Several persons were injured slightly. The union has been on strike for 67 days against Westinghouse plants throughout the nation. (In the coal dispute, soft coal mine operators were to meet a Washington again today before re- .gijrning, negotiations with. J,.phn L Lewis, • president 6f'"the'•" "Unitec Mine, Workers (AFL). The operators conferred.on a UMW demand for a' union welfare fund, upon which depends the union's settlement of a wage contract. At San Francisco, the Waterfront Employers' Association reportedly agreed to grant the Internationa] Longshoremen's and Warehouse- m'cn's Association (CIO) time anc one-half pay for all Sunday work. •The union has threatened to call a strike of 22,000 Pacific coasl dockworkers by April 1 over a 35 cent hourly wage increase. The employers' latest offer of a 23-cenl increase was turned down. Northern California conners, whose plants are undergoing a boycott called by AFL teamsters in a jurisdictional dispute, awaited the outcome of conversations between Secretary of Labor Lewis B. Schwellenbach and Dave Beck, union leader. The teamsters are vying with the CIO food, tobacco and agricultural workers for jurisdiction over 60,000 workers. o Dry Lead Cut to 543 by Absentees With the absentee ballots counted, the DoAnn precinct reported, and Hcmpstead county complete except for the Tokio box in the extreme northwest, the drys won last Tuesday's local option election by 543 votes. The new total is: For legalized sale 1,710 Against sale 2,253 The absentee ballots were counted last night, showing 213 wet and 31 dry, according to the county clerk's office, where the sealed ballots had been delivered before the election. There were originally 303 absentees, but some were declared invalid at the actual count. The late-reporting DeAnn box showed a count of 5 for the wets and 93 for the drys. Sentiment Grows for Rationing DECREE APPEALED Litlle Rock, March 22 — i/l j i — Talbol-Boyd Lumber Company appealed lo the Supreme Court today from a Columbia chancery decree awarding Edmund Mullins $410.70 for alleged damage to Mullins farm during lumber cutting Atlantic City, N. J., March 22 — (IP) — An array of politically powerful national organizations gathered today behind a drive to force Ihe Uniled Slales 19 ration cereals, fats and oils "which are desperately needed elsewhere." Simultaneously they called for care of political refugees "without requiring the consent of their governmenls," and urged immediate creation of a new inleranlional organization to care for them until they can find new homes. A total of 21 organizations signed the statement—among them Ihe National Grange, the Veterans of Foreign Wars, 1hc Community Service commitcc of the CIO and the General Federation of Women's Clubs. 'API—Means Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newsoaoer Enterprise Ass'n. PRICE 5c COPY None of the Nations Wants War, Stalin Declares in Moscow Army to Abolish Separate Uniforms for Officers and Enlisted Men June 30,1948 Washington, March 22 — (IP) — Officers' uniforms arc on their way out of the army. By June 30, 1948, the highest colonels and the lowest privates will be garbed in identical fashion, except for insignia. The War Deparlment's order decreeing this comes at a time when criticism is still being heard from ex-servicemen about the so-called "officer caste system" and its privileges. The first Capitol Hill comment was all for the change. Chairman May (D-Ky) of the House Military Commitce told reporters "it looks like the army is beginning to recognize the demand for military practices. This should 'encourage larger volurvteer enlistments." An ex-GI Rep.'-'Melvin Price (D- III) said; "It sounds good lo me. I think it will help enlistments and- will do away with some of the bad feeling that exists between officers and men." There has been no hint yet that the navy contemplales a similar move. That service is experimenl- ing wilh modernizing Ihe tradition- 3 Caught in Garland City Liquor Holdup Three men who held up the Garland City liquor store in Miller counly at 9:15 o'clock Thursday night and got away with 12 to 15 cases of liquor and $900 in cash were arrested two hours later when state and county police sealed off highways in all directions. Jailed at Texarkana on $3,000 bail each for armed robbery and kidnaping, were: '•R. S'-.'- Spradlin, C. L. Richards, both of Crossett, Ark.; and R. E. Shields, Paris, Texas. Sheriff W. E. Davis of Miller county said Ihe liquor store proprietor, H. A. Kirtley, had locked up for. the night and was leaving tne premises when the men seized him. He escaped, notified police, and all roads leading from Garland City were blocked by stale and counly officers. The three men were captured on a side road with the liquor in their possession, Sheriff Davis said. Among innocent bystanders caught in the police net were Mr. •and Mrs. G. O. Kelly, operators of the Checkered cafe of Hope, who, while returning to Hope from a motor trip to Magnolia, were chased up the Lewisville gravel highway by stale police. When the dust settled and their identity was established, they were allowed to proceed homeward. POWER LINE APPROVED Litlle Rock, March 22 — (/Pj— The Public Servjce Commission has authorized the Arkansas Power and Light Company to construct 47 miles of transmission line from Newport to the Green county line. The line, estimated to cost ' $375,000. will join another line proposed by the Arkansas-Missouri Power company. HOOVER IN ROME Paris, March 22 —(/P)— Herbert Hoover flew to Rome today with his fact finding commission lo study Italian food needs. He will return to Paris within a few days and continue his tour of other European countries. o Friction matches were invented in 1827. al seaman's uniform, wilh ils bell bollom Irousers. And changes in officers' uniforms also are being studied. However, no final decisions have been reached in either ise. The War Department's decision was not considered radical by old army men who pointed out that, except for insignia, there was no difference in uniforms worn by officers and enlisted men in World War I. Under the new order, issued last night, all personnel will wear battle jackets and trousers of the same olive drab shade now used in enlisted men's clothing. For summer and tropical wear, the duty uniform for all ranks will continue to be the familiar khaki, with the addition of a bailie jacket in tropical worsted material. The new regulations were accompanied with a promise of the eventual return of blue dress uniforms to the army for special occasions, but the announcement said that the clothing shortage might prevent their restoration by mid- Big Building for Kroger on South Main Construction started today foi a big new building for Kroger Gro eer & Baking Co. just south of the A. & P. food stpre on the east side of South Main street, it was announced by R. D. Franklin and Hollis Luck. Mr. Franklin said the building measuring 45 by 130 feet, will be consturcted of brick, and will be completed in- 60 days if .possible. Kroger is to lake occupancy's soon as finished. The deal wa closed earlier this week by th^ chain company with Mr. Franklii and Mr. Luck. One-Third of Counties in State 7 Dr/ Lille Rock, March 22 — (UP) — March, 1946, probably will go dowi in Arkansas history as the month seeing the grealest number o battles between the wets and dry; since the repeal of the 18th amend merit to the U. S. Constitution. Two local option elections al redy have been held this month two more are scheduled, and drj forces plan mass meetings in two other counties to work our details to circulate petilions calling fo eleclions. The lalesl counly lo vole out the legal sale of intoxicating liquors, was Little River which balloted yesterday wilh unofficial returns indicating a victory for the forces. Hcmpstead county voted to 2 against liquor Tuesday. Local option elections arc scheduled for next Tuesday in Marion' county and next Thursday in ,polk- counly. Mass meetings wi'll be- held in Newton county next Wednesday and in Pope county next Sunday. Since- the prohibition laws 'were repealed, 27 Arkansas counties have held local option elections, 24 (nearly one-third of the state's 75 counties) voting dry and three vot- Conlinued on Page Two London, March 22 — (/F)—Prime VTinisler Stalin told the Associated ""ress today "I am convinced that leither the nations nor their irmies are striving for a new war," he Moscow radio said "They want peace," Staljn said n the interview as broadcast from Moscow, "and are striving for a guarantee of peace". "That means," Stalin added, 'that the present fear of war is caused not from that quarter. I hink that the present fear of war s caused by the activities of cer- :ain political groups who occupy hemselves with propaganda for a new war and who are thereby sow- ng the seeds of discord and lack of confidence.' ' Moscow said AP Correspondent Eddy Gilmore asked Stalin wfrat significance he atributed . to the United Nations as a means of preserving international peace, and Stalin replied: "I attribute great significance to ,he United Nations Organization since it is a serious instrument for Ihe preservation of peace and in- .ernational security. "The strength of this international organization consists in the fact that it is based on the principle of the equality of. the rights of states and not on the principles of the domination of some states over others. "If the United Nations Organization succeeds in continuing to preserve the principle of equal rights, it will undoubtedly play a great, positive role in the cause of guaranteeing universal peace and security." Stalin then was asked: "What should the governments of the freedom loving counties now do for the preservation of peace and order in the whole world?" The radio said Stalin replied: "It is necessary that the public and the ruling circles of the powers organize a wide counter propaganda against the propagandists of a new war and for the Insuring of peace so that ,not a single act of. the propagandists of a new war should remain without due rebuff on the part of'the public and press, so that the incendiaries of war may thus be exposed in good time and may have no chance of misusing freedom of speech against the-interests : of•• peace;',' ' -.;.-. .J~^^. Gromyko Visits Truman Washington, March 22 — (JP) —Soviet Ambassador Andrei Gromyko made an unheralded call on President Truman at the White House today. His visit followed by a day a conference with Secretary of State Byrnes. 1 This was described as a "courtesly call." There was no immediate information available on the purpose of Gromyko's trip to the execulive mansion. The ambassador had not been among the day's callers when the While House supplied the usual calling lisl to reporters during the morning. About the time Gromyko entered the While House, Byrnes disclosed at the State Department that he will represent the United States on the United Nations security council during discussion of the Russi-an- Iranian dispute. The council meets Monday in New York. Irf answer to a question us to what kind of role he personally would play at the council session after making a welcoming address, Byrnes sent word to reporters that he would sit at the council table only during the discussion of "the Iranian case." Hakim Not Making Himself Popular With Egypt's Women by Campaigning for Polygamy Greek fire, an incendiary mixture of pilch, saltpeter and sulphur, that burned on water was used to rout the Saracen fleet at Constantinople in 718 A.D. By HAL BOYLE Cairo. March 22 —M J i— Tewfik El Hakim is the "George Bernard Shaw" of Ihc Middle Easl. He is a precise middle-aged man with a small mustache and French man- icrisms picked up in Paris, where tie was educated. He even wears a maroon beret instead of the conventional tall red larbosh. He is perhaps the most disliked man in Egypt—by modern Egyptian women, because of his theory that every man should have four wives. Modern Moslem women feel they are having a hard enough time get- ling rid of centuries-old Arab religious restrictions on their sex without Tewfik El Hakim and his campaign for polygamy. And what infuriates them more is that Hakim himself, while advocating four wives for every other man in 'Ihe world, declines lo take even one unto himself. He poses as a confirmed "woman hater." "Bul I think every man who wants them is entitled to four wives." lie says. "It is more comfortable for them and for him. "Four wives can do so much morc than one. He needs one, for example, for companionship; «n- ollier for coking: still another to take out and show off in company and a fourth one for romance. without four wheels and a man with only one wife is like a car wilh only one tire. "I can see how it might be possible for a man to get along with as few as two wives—but that is the kind of a man who would start i\ long journey on a bicycle." The most educated women here bridle at the very mention of Ha kirn's theory, but why I asked one spinster lady how she would like being married to a man with four wives, she merely replied, practically: "Well, il would be better than nothing." Hakim is one of the highest paid writers between Casablanca and Calcutta. He writes for "Akhbar Elyom." a weekly news magazine circulated throughout the Middle East. He and his publisher. Must a- pha Amin Youssef, are engaged in a perennial financial debate. "He gets SO cents a word and we are glad he doesn't stutter." said Youssef. "He always suspects us of not counting the number of words in his articles correctly, but lie is lo lazy lo do it himself. "So now he lakes his article into Ihe cable office and pretends he is going to send it to London. After they have counted the words, he "No one woman can do all these (tells them he has changed his things. An automobile can't inarch I mind." Washington, March 22—(#•)—Generalissimo Stalin's statements on' preservation of the peace in an i!?ij rv iS>V with AP Correspondent Eddy Gilmore at Moscow were generally hailed with hope by members of congress today. Senator Morse (R-Orel said that in view of what Stalin had to say to Gilmore about the role of UNO in international security, Russia now could not have "any objection to submitting all pending issues which are creating misunderstandings among members, to the United Nations Organization. Chairman Connally (D-Tex) of the Senale Foreign Relalions com- mitee asserted: "I am highly gratified at the statement of Prime Minister Stalin. 'The views expressed are in entire harmony with the purposes of the United Nations Organization." Said Chairman Bloom (D-N V) House Foreign Affairs committee: 'Slalm's words arc reassuring. We'll never have war if Russia and all the nations follow the ad vice given. We all ought to hold special services and pray that Generalissimo Stalin will always remember and heed the answers he gave Mr. Gilmore." House Republican Leader Joseph Martin of Massachusetts expressed the view that the international situation is "loo delicate" for hasty comment on major issues, and reserved a statement. Chairman Walsh (D-Mass) of (he Senate Naval Committee said Sla- lin's statement that nations arc not striving toward war "should put an end in all rumors of war in the immcdiale future." "The statement will be hailed with acclaim and approval by the people of the Uniled Slales," Walsh said. The State Police Say: A little horse-sense added to Ihc horse-power helps hold accidents down. YOU must furnish the horse-sense to avoid having an accident. Hi \u ? 3-

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