15*?$* TM1 • 'r- ' ~' r ",'•'•> '•'"•. ' - "•''-'"'''*'' i AJU30NA, fOWA, MAMOfl 9T* 1B98, Cftc 1 loved Chtijt and one who served f, 60 thit ' And z«ftlous Moslom toll In that flertB fltht 1%ea, Since ao wildly they had «aged the Strife, Their ftnijet scarce could pass with passlnj life O'« the!? t>Al6 cotpsoS ttufti their souls, jet , trill a SWdtStf ftrtifel bent ftftd raised thSfii botfi. ''What: " Shrieked the pajiw, "Wotitdst thotf bear my roe?" '•in ah .el's firms shall a cursed heathen go?" <.'vled the proud knUkt. The rafltatit angel bent Jm Stately head to 'hush their discontent, "knbw. ye bewildered souls," he sottly sMd, "All those who Irfixvely battled, being dead, J'ralse (Joil alike In one nh?elic host, Who to serve truth have counted life Well lest T'or men, tnldst whirling cloud? of smoke and flame, c Jed's 6hadd.w dimly sci and give it name. .fibitie on JdHovali Ciilli on Allah some. .And some tl,ht bra voly, though their HfjS be di'imij. • .-. • '.C.carn. fivlthtul spirits, When the strife waxed liot. • • - •••••,'" ' !'nr tho salna God ye fou?bt, yet know It hot, '.<iii:l how thB parus of doatft are ovor-,past. '.i'ho'tf.itao wide heaven jihall hold ye both at last" —Harper's Weekly. That Winter Night. BY r.OKEUT JJUCHANAN. CHAPTER XI—CONTINUED. "If you,should miss .olio dose, or quit hifj.sio'o-for only one short hour, 1. will not answer foi'-his life. If you .should fall asleep—" "I shall not Bleep!" said the girl lirmly.usif under inspiration. "Angels of lovo will ba watching with me. If my weary eyos should closa for a moment, their holy wings will touch taBin. tenderly and brush them open." He looked at her quietly for a mo.- niont, and thon said shortly, "Good-night, Mademoiselle Blanche, and God bless you!" Blanche turned to the bed. Hartmann, who was still unconscious, was moaning and muttering to himself in the German tong-ue. The girl's eyes Jllled with tears. Quickly approaching the bedside, she topic his hand which lay upon the coverlet and pressed it to her lipa; then, fearful lest he should IJQ sinking, measured ten drops of the anodyne, and gently, yet almost by force, placed tho glass to his lips. He drank unconsciously, and after a few minutes his breathing grew calm, and ho lay as if in a deep sleep. CHAPTER XII. •/ The Medallion. ' As the night advanced, the wounded man continued to sleep tranquilly, only now and then turning on his pillow and.ymurmuring to liimself. A; clock on : the mantel-piece of the little sitting-room sounded the half hours, und as each struck clearly Blanche rose ahfl administered the anodyne. Blanche felt no desire for sleep. Her heart was too deeply stirred, her mind too troubled, for her oven to close her eyes. Following her sad fancies from scene to scene, she had fallen into a. sort of a waking dream. Suddenly she was startled by a wild cry, almost a shriek, from tho sick-bed. Rising to her feet, she saw that the wounded man had started up from his sloop, and, Jeaning. upon onp elbqw. was .-wildly looking around. As she bent toward him he spoke rapidly in German, and gazed upon vacancy with the expression of one seeing some hideous sight. ' "Monsieur,.what is it? Ah! try to compose yourself!" she cried. . "Who's- there? who speaks?" he cried in German. "Look, look—that face! Can you riot see, there against the wall!" Terrified and trembling, she followed the direction of his gaze, but saw nothing. "Lio down and rest,".she said, .smoothing the pillow for his head. Suddenly he turned tyis eyos upon her with a look of recognition—not soft aud gentle, as it had been before, but,wild and full of pain. "Is it you, Mademoiselle Blanche?" he moaned, this time in French, "I thought it was her voice, my little Annchen's. How long have I been lying here P" •; "Since this afternoon, when you were wounded," "Yes, yes; I remember. You brought me here. Am I at the chateau of Grandpre?" "Yes;, but. do, not question any more. Lie down, I beseech you!" "Again the dark look, of terror and agony passed across his face, and, '. talking to himself again in his own "tongue, he sunk bapkaipcm tlW\,becii put before Blanche could resume* her seat he had started up again, his eyes staving, the clammy sweat-drops "beaded upon his. brow. " "Come 'closer," lie murmured, •Closer still. I think—I think—that J am dying." ••No, np; you will live!" «»Whether J live or die, I have a iluty to fulfill—a solemn duty, Something warned me in my sleep—a voice —-his voice. Bend down your ear; I must speak to you." H|f0t now*—tortnorrow." , H^p-morrow it may be too late. There is something on my epul that will not let roe rest. J have a secret. I have given a promise, I must— must fulfill it," f'Jfpt tP-night," pleaded the girl, *'ypu are so weak it will kill you." His faoe became almest storn in re- aolve as jje replied,: ., «<Rp m,e this last' service. Lpt m,e case my Tieariv, Jet we keep my pyomj iae." fr? '"He, reaphed put t4« trembljng han<J SW4 grasped h.er by the wrist. In her and pity she ooulA say no mpve, . war! Ah, wha,t a ouvse is ,, „ ,.», - Jt turns men into devils, Even, I' ij who speak tp ypu have bjQojJ upon Jj,8,na,6. Qne nigUt. up ypnto in, i no?|h, I '•'"-'' 1 ~ "• - We fd Stbfm a fcottag'e, held by hatidful ol the French., As We crept forW&fU ib the-shadow of the trees, we, Saw toe ofthe ' enemy standing like a sentinel, in thd full mbbnlight. ttis back was towafd us; h6 tiidri't seem hear us comitig 1 . I was .upon him fore he could turn or fly. I cut hiih down with my sword; ho felt without a gfo&n." "Let me go, for G«d's sake!" moaned the frightened girl; "t cannot listen. 11 But though his hold upon her was ak and trembling, she had not the strength to draw herself away. "We sacked the cottage*" he continued, in a hoarse Whisper; "then sick of tlie,slaughter* I, stepped back into the moonlight. Suddenly 1 heard a voice faintly calling to me. Stoop- 1 beheld the officer 1 had cut t n6t dead, b'ut dying. • Touched with compassion, I knelt down beside him and tried to raise-him Up. 'Too late! 1 ho murmured5. 'but if you are a man—a gentleman, perhaps—promise me one thing; if you survive, to forward this to the French general, and tell him—tell him-—' Hero his speech failed him; but with a last-effort lie drew from his breast a Ibckbt and a golden chain, and thrusting thorn.-, in to my hands, fell back, lifeless and. cold.: 11 - "Go.on!" cried Blanche, fascinated, and shaking like a leaf; "for pity 1 8 ( ; sake go on." "I swore to fulfill his last request. Like a coward I delayed. Next morning, wo were upon' tho- 'niarch» But look, Blanche." >" With" ! a tremulous effort he opened his dress arid'dre'\v forth a chain and locket which had lain concealed upon his heart. At that moment a' convulsion ran through his frame, and with a deep groan he sunk back upon the bed. His hand still held the locket. White as marble, Blanche loosened his fingers and took it from him, and held it up to tho light. Her head went round, her eyes dazzled; but with tho strength of despair she pressed tho spring and mado it open. A cry of horror burst from her lips. She saw her mother's likeness—side by side with her own as a little «>4jild. It was the gold medallion which she had given to her father tho Anight oof ore ho went away. CHAPTER XIII. Blanche's'Agony. With a low scream, frozen upon her lips in tho-,,very;-act of utterance, Blanche do Gavrolles, still clasping the medallion in her hand, fell senseless by the bed. .How long she lay thus she could not tell; presently,however, she stirred, and. opened her oyes; then, rising on her knees, she crawled, drawn by some fatal fascination, to the bedside, clutched the coverlet, and gazed wildly at Hartmann, who lay upon his back,' breathing heavily. Clinging on and panting, with eyes wido open and dilated pupils, she looked and looked—as a doomed creature looks on tho apparition of death. Then, struggling to her feet, and raising her arms in the air, she uttered a moan most sad and pitiful, full of horror and infinite despair. "Father! father!" - • It was a supreme mercy for her that In that awful moment her reason did not snap like a silken thread. Her eyes wero tearless, her heart' as cold as ice within her. She was like .a lamb stupefied by a murderous blow. All she could do was to utter that faint wailing cry— "Father!father!" •..,.,..' , , .,..-.. Gradually she began to realize it all. She beheld the dying face uplifted in the starlight, the feeble hands clinging round the. murderer; she heard the last sad words, the piteous message, givori in the voice Sho knew so well. And the murderer lay there—there on her lather's bed, brought there by her compassion, saved twice from a miserable death by her ministering caro. She tottered to the bedside again, and ; gazod upon him, her hands clenched, her face like marble. Her whole soul sickened to behold him. She longed to drag him from that shelter, aud cast him forth into the chilling snow. Meantime the German had begun to breathe more painfully. Half opening and shutting his eyes, and moving his head restlessly from side to side, he seemed struggling with, some, sharp internal pain. His right hand, lying upon the coverlet, . opened and shut convulsively, He murmured' faintly, as if talking to'himself,'•• Was he dying? Blanche asked herself. Yes—God was good, after all- he must be dying. Thon'his'life was in her hands, after all. She had but to stand still, not lifting a finger, arid still avenge her father. Wliat sh'e had" done already, she had done in blindness; but it was net too late to justify herself, tP-redeem the wickedness ef having sheltered and succored him! Again she uttered that low, despairing cry;' then, cpvering her (ace with her hands she rushed intP the puter room and fell moaning upon her knees. Not tp pray; she could not pray. Npt tp weep; net a tea*' wpuld flpw. Only tP shudder as if with cold, and, te mpan over and Pver again, *'Father! father!" Hark! A feeble ory, like a call fer help, oame from the sicki-Ppm. Sho started, but kept her place, In a few minutes the cry was repeated; but still she did net stir, She strained her eyes up at the dark heaven. Her fa.th.ep was there, somewhere beyend those tro;;bled olpuds. Ah! that she might gp to Uim—that he cpuld bookr on hep Put pf the shadows Pf the grave, &nd call her to his Bifle. The,Pry came again. She turned an4 staggered rather than walked b,aofc tQ j$e siofe gfcamjbjer-, pausing at. the dppr like & gho,s-t, oM Tte mjin, bad, Hia mouth wag hall open, hid eye3- lodlting ftfcfalght ftt Blanche, Sho SAW thathci hod.paHially recovered consciousness,- aftd recognized her. Wfes.it fancy of did" he call to her in a faittti low voice, entfeatingly? She st'ood Hko stone; then, taken by a sudden thought, and fildng her eyes on his, ehe raised the medallidto, which still lay in her hand, and kissed it. He watched her, ahd seemed to understand; but tho nefct moment his eyes turned away in pain ( ahd a con* vulsion ran through - his body. How lurid, how death-fike' his face ap* peared in tho faint glimmer of the ftighHightl '.The small limo-piece in the adjoining room struck one, Nearly .art hofll 1 had parsed since she had last ftdfflinis" tered tho'flnbdyn'e, Already her vettge* knee had begun, tto was sinking, and she had not put 'out a hand. All at once* as if by a heavenly inspiration, she seemed to hoar tho-voice of lior father speaking to tho ear that is in the soul, The voice was low and gentle, just as it had always been; but it sounded like a warning. Sho know the chevalier's deeply humane nature; she know that ho of all creatures, would liavo been tho last to approve an act of vengeance. An act, not merely of vengeance, but of murder; none the less murder because the victim was a miserable sinner, guilty of unnatural bloodshed. If sho stood by, with tho power to save tho life that was fast going, sho was as responsible for the loss of that lifo as if sho had used knifo or poison to destroy it. Sho would have to answer for a sin bo- fore tho great Judge of quick and dead. • '' Tortured between .hato and duty, Blanche now underwent the great trial of her life, .God in his mercy gave: her strength; and at last sho conquered. -Como what might, sho felt that she could not lot him perish without making an attempt to savo. him. -.---; .. , "Father, forgive..me!'? sho moanod, piteously, while now for tho first time, the tears began to trickle down hor cheeks. ."Forgivo mo! I can not lot him die!" r Moving quickly to tho'mantel-pie'cb, she took the vial, and with a trembling hand measured out the life-giving drops; thon holding out the glass, she approached the bed. Steeling all her soul into tho resolution, she bent over tho man, raised his head with one hand, and with • the' other placed tho glass to his lips. His eyes wero half closed, but they opened for a moment and looked gratefully upon her as he drank tho anodyne. Thon, overpowered, by that sublime effort, Blanche uttered a heart-broken cry, and sunk, wildly sobbing, upon her knees. ....... After that sho lost consciousness, and remained for some time without motion or sign of life. Meantime the man ceased to struggle, and remained as if in a heavy sleep, under the magic influence of the anodyne. At last she stirred, and awoke back to life—a cruel, pitiful lifo iu death. His lifo was God's, not her's; BO she had spared it. But she could not conquer the horror with which tho mere consciousness .of'his presence there now filled her. She had done hor duty once; she could not do it any more. Her place was no longer there. Her faco looked quite old and dreadful as she stole shuddering toward the door. Before she-reached it .a cry from the bed startled her, so that she almost shrieked. Turning involuntarily, she saw.him. gazing at her, with, outstretched hands. "Fraulein," ho moaned, "what has happened?" . Then he too shuddered, adding, "Ah! I remember.'V He uttered a groan of pain, crying,— "Why do you look at mo so strangely? I thought—I thought that 1 was dying; but I am stronger now, I think. That draught you gave me—but for that I should have died, Gocl bless you, Blanche!; God bless you!" [TO BE CONTINUED,] SCIENTIFIC MAWEM SOW43 SEtt ASrfl She Did \N orry, , Tho lawyer, who had been marriod for only a year, sent word to his wife that -he had. been "suddenly called to Milwaukee. «•! will be back to-morrow," he wrote. "Don't worry, My stonog-raphoi' goes^vith me." iBut did she /ivorry. When he reached home next evening- her oyes were red from... weeping, and -as soou. as she saw him : sho broke down again. MOh, how could youP" she sobbed, *' What's the matter? "ho demanded. * 'Your stenographer — " she began , and again she sobbed. * 'What's the matter with him!"' • "Him. Was it a man?" "Whyi yes; I fired that girl a month ago," * 'Oh, dearest, I never believed it foi 1 a moment, any way, "-^-Chicago Keoord, tlje Wmlt, Bob— Now, in the first place I'm going to put $5 on Mudstiokerj in the second race I'll play Notinit for $5 more; I'll place $5 onl Balker in the third, and put f 5 more on Dustakor iu the f owvth. Tom — 3ut there v,v& six races, Aren't you going to play the other twoF JJob— Jleavens man! Jlqw can I? I've only gpt $30!— Puck. Live iu Several species of ants live in trees, and out and chisel the wood in a wonderful manner, some of ,thom gnawing the trunks into * numberless stories, Always ritore or loss horizontal, with a, distance pf abou,t five ov six lines twoen tp iCseiUws ft'^ t h Q floor, in a AVnlfii— tmlty AfcilVltJ> of ShiHll ttoh 1» Although the heating of cars by tot water has been practiced for a long timc ( we believe the application to fiotisis' wagons is somewhat of a novelty in the development of hot water hrating. This warming apparatus hits been designed In Brooklyn* N. Y. The firm conducts tt store'oti pulton' street, Brooklyn, which is supplied by itr'ex* tensive green hoitseS nt Way Itldg?, a distance of some five .miles from'the store. Not only in making this long trip, but in delivering tho goods, the flowers would perish from frost If In 'An-ordinary delivery wagon during ex- ce'ssively cold wtfivtlior, aud it was for tlio protection of tho .flowers thrtt the vim was designed. The van is ent rely inclosed on the top, sides and front. Two large .doors solve to cjvcr the buck, Und;rheath tho wagon, nud suspended from it by straps, is a specially designed hot water heater, nud from this-a .one-inch flow p po extends up into the van nnrt around the inside, gradually rising till it terminates in n. header. The bender Is curried up for some distance olid the top is bl:inkcd off. A prtcock is inserted '# the pipe for relieving the apparatus from air when it is being tilled. It is lilled up to the level of the cock, which is then closed, and tlie water on expanding compresses the air in the expansion .pipe above it. Two 1-inch returns are carried' back from the header, dropping ns they go toward the boiler, BO that there will be no chfincn for the lodgment of air. in them. The r^tum pipe drops under the boiler nud an upward branch from a T in it. connects wltli the boiler. It must frequently happen that a wagon of this, kind is left out of doors for. «,. c.ciiB'id-.rablo length of time, when It Is not iu use aud when the lire is allow.d to go out. 'Thin, of course in cold weather would mean the 1'icezlng of water in the pipes and their consequent rupture. To pro- .vent this water is drawn-off-through a plug cock which bus a screw thread ou the outer cud, ennblirg a hose to be attached to it and the apparatus filled with water. The specially designed boiler consists of two cast-iron boxes, both open at . one < eml. The larger box Is about 15 inches long 11. iuehes.;hlgh aud 9 inches in. width. Thu smaller casting ia about 1 inch smaller iu each dimension and tha space between the two shells contains the water to bo heated. Both are cast, w th a .slight taper so as to allow the pattern to be readily withdrawn from ihc mold. To prevent, radiation of heat, froin the boiler the whole; is covered wltli-1 Inch of mineral wool Incased in a wood jacket A cast-iron front bolted ou to the front eutl of the boiler aud this-is. pierced for threw 1-iiich tubes and a.firo door. The back of the boiler Is turned toward the front of -the wagon, and to obtain a sullicient draught a deflector is provided so as to cause a current of air to flow tlrough the dampers.uiuler tlie fire. The lower part of the defl 'ctor turns upon a hlngo so that it may be swung out of the way if desired. A charcoal lire is made in a.basket of wire uetting and the basket; is put in the boiler, ,To insure a more uniform distribution of the air as it flows through the bottom of tho basket to tho lire pipes were Introduced, each one being fastened to the front by lock nuts. They are of such leugth as to extend well back over the fire so us to prevent the air from taking n short cut on entering the furnace and only going through that part Of,the fire that is nearest the furnace door. Ordinarily the charcoal fire will last about nn ho.ur without having to bo replenished. Starting with cold water, it takes about half an hoiir in extreme weather to heat the vun up to such a temperature as will permit the flowers-to-be carried safely. , Art In Ordinary Hardware. Not only have the designs, of American hardware improved iu lato yer.rs, but the-finish is much finer, The first condition is due to the employment of trained artists familiar as wero tho niudleval workmen with the conditions and quality of metal. The second condition is due to tiio use of now processes, A machine cm be paintnl any color without increasing its efficiency, but it is curiously true that handsomely finished apparatus stands a bettor chance than that wh'ch is rough of getting well treated by the man iuto whose hands It falls. A recent writer remarked that in this direction prr- haps tho most important invention has been that of the Bower-Bavff process. When properly done it pvo'ducrs a finish on iron that, except under most unfavorable circumstances ,is practically rustless, and has made possible 1b» use of wrought'Iron in a in aim er that promises to surpass the best eft'orts of Ifluropeau artists of the past. The dull, lusterless, bjuek color tbui given to iron is In most appropriate keeping with the various lighter colors of hardwoods, and when used for hinge strops for doorstls .exceedingly .eJCec; ive without being too orutUo- 'Purely as a specimen of fine, quiet finish it has no equal, The finish produc d by copper plating, now so popular under the name pf "antique cppp'T," h'S the great advantage of withstanding the test of the weather and ofgro \yjrg richer and darker the longer jt Is vs.d. Its disadvantage is its exceeding ormiteness find showlnoss, and its consequent liability to become very stale in the lapse of time. J'erfectlv plain, smooth surfaces, merely polished, which a,re so popular in cities where excessive or- uamontat'on and scroll work are not so much in demand as in the country, uro being further uiade jnoro desirable by,tho use of the S'ud bast, wh'ch takes away tlie gl tter and the "shlnl- uesX i and gives a medium between a very dull ilulsh that seems cleaned to. imvo a long lii'o both ns to wear'and d.'u,rabU"l,v, Some ol the enamels now ... ~ .;..,"! ", to ttuish u}apU)»e;y <wn pply be goaer-lUajJ as Jd.ealjv f " iWste wrt ipfMraq 04 . OPhe poftfefet tHiteti of-'to-&tf ft tme of the most actfttttot^, of ill ifistfli- tnents of ipwclslon. Brlefiy clefiftedf teeeimultotilj», it isi ft spiStrg ifitrtbt e? most delicate constf action trf parts, controlled by an automatic regulating tlevlce that is a marvel of precision. It is designed to measute accurately and retford the hours, hilnutes flttd se'd- onds of the mean solar day, A Watch, ket-ping time to a minute n Week, varies from ttue precision" only 1-iOOth of 1 per cent. Thd act of winding, so- called, is that of storing up energy In a spring. By this act of winding the liahd, iu the interval of about fifteen seconds, stores up energy enough to keel) the motor in motion and to supply the maximum of power for n period of twenty-four hours, and with a reserve In the modern watch of about sixteen hoiirsi or, for a period of forty hours from the eiifrrgy that id stored in it by the hand In fifteen seconds of Winding* The Storage of power in sitch a standard is effected by moans of a ribbon of steel of a Width -and tlllck^ ness proportionate to the size of the watch, and which is contained in the first wheel, called in technical parlance. the barrel, which Is In the form of a cup. The size of this cup is governed by the -size of the watch, ibelug nearly one-half the size or diameter of the frames of the watch. This spring ia from eighteen to twenty-five Inches, long. It Is coiled up In the barrel, with its outer end s.-eured by means of a pierced hole fitting over a suitable hook or stud, projecting inwardly f t'om ihe barrel. Its Inner end is B3Ctired to a similar hook to the hub of a wheel called tlie first or main wheel. By, the act of winding this spring is wrapped around the hub, and the wheel is caused- to revolve. The teiislcn imparted to the spring iu winding about this arbor, when freed from the factor of friction, will be the force tending to drive this first wheel of the. watch. This force will be equal, en an average, In the "gentleman's size" watch, to a pull of live ounces troy on a wheel of 1-luch radiiia, The action of the spring iu performing, its duties lu the watch will be readily understood, ., . ftt Ihe Btt*f»t*» •A atrtdtfs fcfiysioiSglfeal di&eBti^ 1 fifti feeeii JHMe by, l¥«f. Botrr of geii ift fegartf^te tto Wede tff by which a fish acctttntifcites fia imidtt oxygen IB thfe aft that' aistettds the \ swimming of alt bladder.! . . The fl if contained thfefeln fails .ft ttef* cMitngo of osygoti that may else tct H* + ,, milch as 80, an'amount fnu'ch.iti 6*666*-'? <>. of the percentage in atfitosfanerte alft's'.'* Prof, fiohi' ttipped the dh* bmddefrB »f , codfish ftfcd dfew oft the gas by ifteattg 4 of a trocar and air-tight syringe. Th6 gna had 52 per ceht of oxygen, ik A , few hours the ail* bladder was refilled, apparently by a process of secretion of gas from tlie blood m the capillaries ' on the wall of tlie bladdei'.iln oiifi *x* perlmettt the grts thug secreted. Itfh .86 per cent 6f cixygen. When the flei*fa 9 connected with the organ were severed the secretlbti censed and the, organ Was not refilled. It thus appears that when a'fish descends to a great depth, and his "body • is reduced In si^o by jlicreased pressure of tho waiter about him .ha is able to . attain his former stee by sccretlbg the gas ho needs, and not by absoiblrig It from the water. Support is thus given to .the theory that the gnseous exchanges that occur In the Hiftgs of ant" mnls are not purely physical.—Bnlti* more Sun. Dally Activity of Small Animal*. Some interesting reco-ds have recently boon made by Mr. 0. 0. Stewart of the dally activity of certain small animals and 'of the changes effected -by. various Influences, Thus far the animals experimented upon have been rats, mice and squirrels. They, are kept in circular, easily rotating cages, so arranged that any motion of the animal rotates the cage, aivl, by means of a tambour or levers, this motion of the cage is recorded npnn kymograph paper kept moving niphb and dan. An electromagnetic circuit with a clock marks' the hours and minutes." We 'thun have the manner iu which au animal divides his fine between rest aud activity recorded by hlmsslf. Hats and mice divide their days into .about twelve hours' Test and twelve hours' intermittent work during the nij-ht Those of us who are wakeful will, however, be Inclined to believe that these creatures ramble and nibble all night'. During, the work .period short Intervals of activity, rarely exceeding an hour, are Interrupted by almost equal periods of rest. The squirrel lu winter works almost continuously for from twenty minutes to two hours early In tlie morning, with sometimes a short interval of activity late In ihe evening, and rests nearly twenty-two hours in the day. Food has a most marked Influence upon diurnal activity. In general, tho richer the diet in pro- teid, tho greater the activity. Fat has the opposite effect, reducing the activity of mice to a few minutes a dny. To tost the influence of alcohol on spontaneous activity, rats kept ou dry corn were given, Instead of .water, alcohol of 5 per c?nt to 00 per cent, During fifty days of treatment no uniform effect of the alcohol could bo demonstrated. All iioi-mul animals experimented 'en tended to work more minutes- per day when baromatrlc pressure was high, and this must bo taken Into careful account in estimating the effect of any condition upon dally activity. Execution by lOlectrlclty. Tlie last number of the Electrical World publishes au artielo proving from au autopsy on the victim of tho twenty-fourth electrical execution in New York that death was instantaneous and painless. Tho summing; up reads: "The evidence Is,- therefore, that a current of eight amperes, applied through the body at a pressure of 1,740 volts, and representing it power of 1,740 times eight, which' equals ia,i)20 watts, or about 18% electrical horse-power, will produce instantaneous, painless and absolute death; and that the evidence presented by an examination of the brain alone was sufficient to demonstrate; the absolute impossibility . of r.esiu.'ltation. Althotigh in our opinion tiie^e is* no hope? of resuscitation in cases whore, as;|p this electrical execution, an alternating current of tratijtc'iettt M. M. F. '•is.dejlbpr* ately sent through, the • body: o£ ,tho criminal, yet' in all cases of accidjntal contact with high pressure 'circuit?, -in our opinion, efforts for resuscitation should bo made, since iu most eases of iiccldeyts frpm electricity, either from the imperfection of the contact", 'or its short duration, the current strength passing through the body and the electrical energy expended thereby, might only be sufficient to produce a loss of consciousness," -\ew UriMMiieiiltil Cilam), A new sort of ornamental glass is now made in Pni'lg by M, Bay .which ho calls by the. name of hoar frost gloss, "verre givre," from tho pattern upon it, which resembles the feathery forms traced by frost on the inside of windows in cold weather, The process of making tho gins* is simple, Tlia surface is first ground either by the sand blast of by the ordinary method, and is then , covered with a sort oj Tarnish,, On being dried, eJtjiier in tlia sun or by artificial heat, tjie vai'nls.lt contract^ strongly, taking wltn it pav- tlcles of glass to which it adheres; and, as the contraction takes place along ijlfforpni; lines, the pattern resembles ywy closely tiio bvftnc'Wjja crystals, of ft'ost wot'k. The pattern jn.ay ixs vailed in ehuruclei' by changing th.& tliickuess of th,o fliju, of vai'ttjsJu A- ghjgl9 coo. 1 ; gives n STOll, AeUeato effect, wh.Ho' a fljm, Hawtttoritc'N Earl.r AUuiniii.i ttt Fiction. Most of his early attempts at fiction ho burned; but in timn his hand b> canie surer, aud he found that he had learned at last the difficult ai-t of storytelling. His little talcs'began to bcr published here and there In monthlies and lu nnnuals. Being anonymous, of tinder dlft'erlug slguaturcB .they did not attract attention to the author; but in tho newspaper no'ticos of tbe periodl* cals In which they appeared,' they were- often-picked-out for praise; and this finally encouraged Hawthorne to gnth-, or a score of them into a single, volume published in 1887"'•under tlie apt' title of "Twice-Told Tales." Although the little book had no remarkable sale, It won Its way steadily; and the renders who had enjoyed Irving''a pleasant sketches of' New York character In "Kip Van Winkle" and the "Legend Of .Sleepy'Hollow" could not but remark thai; Hawthorne's .pictures of New England character revealed a stronger imagination and a derprr Insight Into human nature. Delightful as was Trying's. writing, Hawthorne • had a richer'style and n firmer grasp of the art of fiction.—Prof.. Brauder Matthews'in St. Nicholas.' One Hundred Million StiirM. Let us see what richness of, stellar distribution is implied by this number of 100,000,000 ,of visible stars. It, may be easily shown that the area of the whole sky In both hemispheres is 41,- r 255 square degrees. This gives 2 42-t stars to the square degree.,The moon's apparent diameter befng slightly over half a degree (31 minutes 5 seconds), the urea of its disk is about one-fifth, of a square degree, . The area of the whole star sphere is consequently about 200,000 times the area of the full moon.' A total of 100,000,000 of-stars gives, therefore 500 stars to each,space of sky 'equal In area to the full moon. This seems a large number but stars scattered even as'thickly ns this would appear at a considerable distance ap«irt when .viewed with a tel .'scope of a high 5 power. As the area, of the moon's disk contains about 700 square minutes of arc, there would not be an average of oven one star to each square minute. A pair of stars half a minute, .or 80 seconds'apart, would form a very wide double, and with stars placed at even this distance the moon's disk would- cover about 3,000 cr six times, -dlir, actual number visible iu the, 1 ir^rst, telescopes. „ ••-.-••' ./'.,- - ^ . . • . . - '. ; ' ^ No White-Tallied Cuts. As you seem to bo interested In 'cats,' and as I am, too, I make boltl to' ask you a question: "Did you ever see'a cat with a-white tail? I hiive been looking •'• for one simply as a matter of curiosity for about fifty years ,and have'never seen one,-although I have-seen many pure w lii to cats, except that .their tails, or a part were not .1 was asked this question when a small 1 boy by a pero'ou probably as old as I 'a-m now, and he said-he had never se.eu one, though he wiisriudnc'ed all his I'-fe to look for > on / e>t'» just as I have; and-for the saina rea- spn, so this would make a search of considerably • over a- century on this question of natural history, and as in this long spn"ce there' Is ; tib authentic acjcouu v t'jof any one having seeu' r -*» cat? wltli' a tail all white, I am almost tempted to .believe there is no such, thing.—Baltimore Sun. • •• • • - Clever "There Is'a-vei'y clever small girl i» England who reasons ox»t a great many things for herself ,a»d who cannot be deceived as many other small girls are by things that are told thorn "for fun," . Haying been told by one of her aunts that 'the moon was mado' of grtpii • cheese, she immediately sought out hej< grandfather, to whom she, said: "Aunt J— says the menu's made oC green cheese, but J don't believe it," "Aud. why not?'' asketl i "p&r grand* father, "Because I've been rendin' in the Bible, and U proves the jnoou aUi't mode of green .cheese, because the was mode before the cpw was. 11 Wit. Richard Briitsley Sheridan was at a loss to exhibit his wit, Once visiting, fet'Hag rather weary and w}aU«''' lug to rest, he was asked, by ft £ellQW» • guest whom He tiui not ndwijre if.Jift did npt wish to accompany her fw ft'» ' walk, ' "" „ Glancing;,out pf the window, replied? M lt is very £l°.u4i' be cawglit i» the I'ttiiu.".^ baa sun paiwo ,thravigU, tbo ,, we go uaw?" i&a/aj|k,ed. «||',, yusi so, I see/' roa \ip eu foj,' t\VA,..
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