Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on March 16, 1946 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Saturday, March 16, 1946
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•K i f > i ; 5; ! 'Sf 'Bi •e' I' fl I ir Page Eight HOPE STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS Goering Tells of Sending Aid to Franco Nuernborc March l-t —!.!'>— Her-. rnon Goer.n^ testified bo for* iho intornatioidl :«i(Hnry tribunal today that ho .tsk-jd Adolf Hitler to: send nclp to Generalissimo Fran-! cisco Franco during tho Spanish! Civil War "to prevent ihc spread i of Communism and to try" our: young air forcu oxperimonUilIy." ! "At that tim<\" said Ooerint; of! Nazi inteiMyitkm in Spain. I had an opportunity to see if we had the proper equipment, and I saw to it that the personnel got some oxperi-, ence. " . " j "Young men continually went i and returned." ' ; He said Franco nsked i'or aid, ! '•'particularly air aid." j Goering. resuming direct tcsti-' rnony in his own behalf, boasted • that his Luftwaffe was responsible i fo_r the swift conquest of Poland, ! "just as the American airforce assured the Allied victory." ' He confirmed that he ordered the . Nazi aircraft industry to develop j a bomber capable of -"lying to the j United States and back, insisting ! that they do this work "oxpediti- • ously in case America entered the i war." The lack of alumriuim and tech-' noligical planning caused him to ' forego development of long-range, four-engine bombers. Goering said. ; He said that in planning the air! Browns Hope for Comeback This Season Creqmulsion relieves promptly be- ' cause it goes right to the seat of the ; trouble to help loosen and expel ! germ laden phlegm, and aid nature < to soothe and heal raw, tender, in- ' flamed bronchial mucous mem- •——— — •»—-•*—-• 3 j v»v* -U-IULJI/ .i^i-^i^ tXiC VV CLy il/ qulcKly allays the cough or you are to nave your money back. By RUS SNEWLAND : Los Angi-los. March M —(VP)—The St. Louis Browns. 19-14 American League- champions, are ready for a comeback. Power has been added to the outfield and punch to the infield. The pitching staff undoubtedly will show increased strength. The catching is adequate. Like soniy. of the other clubs, the Browns have picked up stout rein- tot cements in the persons of returning stars from the service. Whether they will weld into a winning combination lo improve on last year's third place finish will be determined after the championship chase gets under way. Anyhow. Skipper Luke Suwell has one eye on the pennant and the other on two rival clubs — the Red Sux and the Yan'tces. They're ihe teams he figures will prove most troublesome, duo of course, to the fact they too have* welcomed top hands back from the war. The Browns are licking off the usual exhibition games now after sweating it out in their Anaheim t! nining camp. While iheir Grapefruit league performances have been nothing to shout about. Manager Sewcll is willing to lake vhem in stride. When the season gets under way. he will bank on -a pitching sta'ff that numbers such experienced men as Bob Munei ief. wi'th a 13-4 record hist year; Nelson Potter, who won 15 while losing It Jack Kramer and Denny Galchouse. Kramer, star of the flan-winning club of two seasons ago. won only ten last year. If he gets back into the groove the Browns should be that much tougher. GUehousc. out of the navy should get in nicely Friday, March 15, 1946 ngain lo round out a quartet of starting right handers. Behind Uieso six Holdovers Al IIolliiiRsowrth and Tex Shirley plus Al Milnar. returned from army service, all likely starters. Rollings- worth and Milnar, the later on ex-Cleveland Indian, top a list of eight left handers being eyed by the Browns' pilot. Tho outfield has been bolstered by the return of Walt Judnich. long hi tor fresh out of the army; Glenn McQuillen and Joe Grace, both out of Ine navy. Holdover C'het I,nabs lias powdered ihc ball during spring training. The team has additional outfield talent in Lou Finney, Milt Byrnes and Gene Muore. Tho infield is set. if not yet all signed. Shortstop Vernon Ste'phens, a .289 Inter last season, is a holdout but expected to come around. Hob Dilluiger, spectacle-wearing flash, apparently has third base in his pocket. Ho was a standout with the army in service games in the Pacific area. Dick Siebert, acquired from the Philadelphia Athletics, has been holding out but is expected to make a try for first base soon. In the meantime. Chuck Stevens, another good one out ,of '•• the army, has been doing a swell ;iob at tho initial bag. John Berard; ino, ex-navy, appears to have the i second base berth sewed up. i Frank Mancuso again will handle ifiist string catching duties, sup] ported by Boris (Babe) Martin, | also a holdover. Tom Turner, form! orly with the White Sox and more I recently with the army, may get the third string post over Myron Hayworth, with the club last "season. forCoughs, Chest Colds, Bronchitis force "I had to ascertain who could be the potential opponents in the war to start with. The chief opponent was Russia, but of course England. Fiance, and Italy had to be considered." The Luftwaffe was developing jet aircraft even before the war." 'he •said, adding proudly, "I am solely responsible for rearmament of the air force in every way." House Votes Funds to Change Barracks Into Homes for GIs I Washington. March 14—(/P)— The j House today voted authorization | tor expenditure of another $250 1000.000 to convert Army and Navy barracks and other surplus waV housing into temporary homes for distressed veterans and their families. The measure, if approved by the Senate, would bring tho fund" for this purpose to a total of §410,000,000. This would provide an estimated 200,000 temporary housing units. AAU Begins 7-Day Stand at Denver Denver, Mnrch 15 —(.Ti— Amateur basketball's "World' Series," the national AAU tournament, begins a seven-clay stand here Sunday with a record field o£ (54 tea ins. The Phillips GO Oilers from Bar- tlesvillc. Okhi., national champions for three consecutive seasons, and seven other teams from the American basketball league, powerful western AAU circuit, already are here. Other teams entered include Camp Robinson, Ark. Los Angeles and Lyola Teams Are Tourney Favored Kansas City, March in — (/p) — George Pcpperdine College of Lo Angeles and defending champion Loyola University of New Orleans had the inside track on the 19-l(i national intercollegiate basketball title today as the six-day cage marathon moved into its semi-final round. Remaining in the starting field of 32 teams with Pcperdine and Loyola after 28 games of play are formidable Indiana State Teachers, Terre Haute, and Southern Illinois Normal of Carbondale. Shortage of Men's Suits and Underclothes Laid to Great Demand, and Price Difficulty By JAMES MARLOW Washington, March 14 — (/T) — What iibuut suits, shorts and shirts for men? Will the stores have them soon? If so, will they keep getting I them? There's just one honest answer: Let's hope so. No one, inside outside government, positively. can speak We've heard rosy stories about those things before and were disappointed. We may be again. Who's to blame for the shortages? The manufacturers? OPA? CPA (the Civilian Production Administration)? Or all three? i Paris \vas the largest city in .world for 1,00 years. the This world famous old French restaurant chooses Gas . . . the world's finest cookiim fuel . . . turn, out never-to-be-forgotten delicacies such as Shrimp Jambalaya, Bouillabaisse and Pompano en. Papillotte! great names are seen and made ... and food is American at its succulent best! Sizzling flame-broiled steaks—tender Roa=t Beef an Jus arc just tv.-o of ihc specialties that owe their nationwide reputation to the cooking perfection of Gas! to It's fun to dine on exotic restaurant food, But when it comes lo clay-in-day-out good eating there's nothing like your own private recipes flame-cooked on your own wonderful Gas range! To you _.. . and the 20 million others like you who prefer flame-cookery ... the speed, economy, flexibility and cleanliness of Gas is an old story. What's realty big news right now is—your own individually planned "New Freedom Gas Kitchen." It's cooler, cleaner, easier to work in than ever before. And it's all Luilt around a new Gas range so completely automatic, it cooks a delicious meal even when you're miles away. But be sure that whatever "make" you buy carries the CP seal! Then you'll know it has all the best features of dozens of ranges combined into one. Plan for it, now! Russia Lays 5-Year Plan for Atom Moscow. March 14 —(UP)— Russia has laid down a five-year program for the development of atomic energy, it was revealed today. The atomic program was revealed by Sroei Vavilov, president of the Soviet academy of sciences. Writing in the government newspaper, Izvestia, Vavilov said that under the program — part of the new five-year-plan — "physicists, chemists and engineers "of all specialties will, of course, be engaged in atomic questions, the means of releasing internal atomic energy and kindred problems." Vavilov said that the liberation of the atom will 'reveal vast new horizons. He said that'the government was initiating extraordinary measures to aid scientists in all fields, including atomic research, to attain directives laid down by Generalissimo Stalin to equal and exceed all scicnlific progress abroad. Lewis May Not Push Wages First Washington, March 14 — (IP) — John L. Lewis played sphinx today, but there was much conjecture that he planned to soft- pedal wage increase demands • and concentrate on. winning better working conditions for his soft coal minors. At the same time, the trend of the two-day old national bituminous wage conference gave rise lo hope among industry representatives that Lew-is might cancel a strike April 1, despite the fact that ho already has cleared the way for a general walkout. The speculation over Lewis's wage position, left uncertain Tuesday when he proposed merely that wages be raised and hours be shortened, was touched off yesterday when United Mine Workers spokesmen devoted an entire clay to explaining of the UMW's demand for a miners' health and welfare fund. x!07; Pairamclia 107; Bar Grenade 115: Precon 107; Weeping x!03; Crack Briton 110; Johnnie J. 115. Also eligible: Appointee 112; Smoth Blade 112; Darby Dallas 118: Safe 'Bid 107; Robins Pet 111; Haven O'Call llh. (12 OK Third Race— $100; clmg: •! yos up; (i furs. Dixie's First xl"03; South Border 115; Timocracy 107; Faff x!03; Apcai Agent 109; Border Scout x!04; June T. xlOo; Twink Shot 115: Lady Golden 110; Book Plate xU3; Ho Hum 110; Say Yes x!08. Fourth Race— $100; alwcs; 3 yos; G furs. Sugar Beet 112; Pouting Mac x!07; Flying Louise 113; Plen- Chairman xl!3; Brown Dame tituff 118; a-Mr. b-Miss Texas It would take a congressional investigation to find out. Last April OPA Boss Chester Bowles hapnily predicted men's clothing, generally, woud drop five to six per cent in price. Instead, since then H's gone up nl least five per cenl. This figure is from ihc governmenl's Bureau of Labor Statistics. T.ake suits first. What caused the shortage in them? Here are some I reasons: 1. By war's end, little weaving of men's suits was being done. 2. When the war ended, time was needed for reconverting machines. 3. Army and navy men, rapidly discharged, needed suits. They! bought what they could, put a dent in the stores' scanty supplies. 4. Manufacturers complained of " A ------- ' ' •' they OPA OPA price controls, „„.„ couldn't turn oul suils at prices. 5. Manufacturers gave wage increases. Then they cried louder for better OPA prices. 0. It seems apparent, government and clothing industry men say, that manufacturers hoarded some suits, keeping them for better OPA prices. What's the remedy? OPA eased up on prices last weekend, says this generally won't mean higher prices, just higher prices in some lines, lower in others. b-Miss Texas x!02; Brown Dame OI " G IS. xlOa; Pcraptcra 118; Dick Stickncy Meanwhile the government 118; Twilight Bay x!02; Espiritu (Ct ! A) 'urncd over to the suit- viia- Pvirwr. vitn -v-m7 makers enough cloth for :( nnn nnn i!3: Prince Vito x!07 manors enough cloth for 3.000,000 Also eligible: Double Slam xllO- medium-priced suits in Iho first ihn Sahri iifi' n.w.irrr.nRr.oex-i i '>• three months of 194G. Veterans Advisory Committee Will Meet on Friday Lille Rock, March 14—(/P)—The 14-mcmbor advisory commitce appointed several clnys ago by Governor Laney lo work with the Stale Kducation Department in on-thc- job r vocational training for war veterans will hold its first meeting in the governor's reception room at 2 p. m. tomorrow. Education Commissioner Ralph B. Jones said tho committee probably would discuss general standards and policies in connection with the program. o Congress Medal Is Awarded Late Little Rock Hero Washington, March 14 —(/T) — Capt. Seymour W. Terry of Little Rock. Ark.: wrecked five pillboxes and several trench positions, destroyed at least three machine guns and killed more than 35 Japs in three single-handed assaults against strong enemy fortifications on Okinawa last May, the War Department disclosed today. For these accomplishments, which cost his life, Capl. Terry has been awarded the Congrcssion- John Sabo 118: a-WagonBossxll3; b-Bubbling Easy 107. (12 4). a-Rcynolds Bros, entry. b-D. C. Wilhelm entry. Fifth Race—$1300; alwcs; "The Marciuctte Hotel": 4 yos up: (i furs. Wcathcrite 113; Gallant Hour 118; Putitthcre 118; Another Night 110: Three Clovers xl!3; Final Glory 118; Huri Horn Hari xllO; Hit It xllO: Roscmere Chief 107; Peacock Lady x97; Son Forever x!07; Play Hands x!08. Also eligible: ' Bolo Babe 104. (12 & 1.) Sixth Race—$1500: hdcp; "The Park Hotel": 3 yos up; G furs. Mountain Roar 105; Play Bob 109; Tho Sheriff 107; See D. 100; Ario Ace 110: Tawny Lady 107; Baruna 114. Seventh Race—$1100; alwcs; 4 yos up; 1 1-16 mi. Zorawar 112; Border Voluble xlll; a-Son O'Tcd xlll; Bingo Mama xlOG: Two Score 110; Scouting 112; At- tache 118; Town Hall 112; Count Gold x!05; Bellsboro 107: Colors | Up 110; Darby Demon 112. j Also eligible: Karl's Best 118; Toy Top x!02; Marymick x!08; .Crucible xl!3; a-Eunic K. xlOO p2 5.) a-Criner & Lindsay entry. . Eighth Race—$1300 :alwcs; "The Missouri Pacific"; 4 yos up; 1 1-16 mi. Milk Route x!07: Kelspridc 112; Quib's Bally \107; Impenetrable 118: Alfred Stuart 112: Gainer 118: Calco 113; Spring Dun 118; Baby Gold xl!3; Bill Monahan 112- Doc Wagner 118; Chief Knocker Also eligible: Peace fleet 112- Marco B. Good x!07; So Proudly xlOO. x-Apprenticc Allowance. Latin America vs. norm in Tennis Finals New York, March 15 — (/?)— It was North America against South America as the United States indoor tennis championships reached the semi-final round today with the top-seeded stars of two continents still in the running for the singles crown. ., ,^j When the semi-finals open tonight at the Seventh Regiment armory, Billy Talbert of Wilmington, Do., will match strokes with Francisco (PanchoJ Segura of Guayaquil, Ecuador, and Don McNeill cjf Orange, N. J., will tangle with Alejo Russell, the Argentine champion from Buenos Aires. three months of 194G. What's the result going to be? OPA hopes the better prices will break the production bottleneck, induce manufacturers to get rolling on the needed suits. CPA hopes a lot of those 3,000,000 medium-priced suits, mentioned three paragraphs nbove, will slart reaching the stores in the next three months. And last night, to force clothing into the stores, CPA told manufac Hirers Ihcy couldn't keep more than a 30-day supply on n-'id. Arkansas Names 3-Man Committee on Flood Control Litllc Rock, March 14 —fUP) — Gov. Ben Lancy today announced apointmpnt of a three-man Arkansas river development committee to corresponded to a similar group named by Gov. Robert Kerr, of Oklahoma. Named to the committee were D. D. Terry, of Little Rock, C. M Byrns, of Fort Smith, and Recce Caudle, of Russellvilie. The two state groups will make flood control recommendations to Congress -' a meeting in Washington this her Richmond county home since Tuesday, was the object of a widespread search today. Earlcon Newman was last seen leaving home Tuesday morning for Bayvalc school. The child's foster parents. Mr. and Mrs. M. E. Bcckncll, told police she left home riding a bicycle. A posse of searchers have combed woods in Ihc vicinity of tho Bcckncll home .and the school, but no trace of Earlecn was found. State police were notified to be on the lookout for her. nl Mednl of Honor posthumously. The medal is to he presented to his parents, Mr. and Mrs. H. T. Terry, Little Rock, at the Arkansas state capital April 0. Terry was promoted to captain posthumously. -\:r. P.P.F. Personal Property Floater insurance assures you of the "right" insurance in case of loss. We'd like to tell you more about it. Anderson INSURANCE 210 South Main Phone 810 Hope, Ark. ^^aasK&ss^s^ssss^iim^i^^'i 4 » -, ».«.*• -M 12-Year-Old Girl Objectof Wide Search in Georgia Augusta, Ga., March 14—(UP) — A 12-year-old girl, missing from DINE HERE FOR THE BEST IN FOODS We Specialize In: • Steaks • Chicken • Sea Foods Open From 1T a. m. to 11 p. m. CLOSED ALL DAY MONDAY ROSE'S SNACK SHOP Phone 621 409 East Third > t I Shortage in Golf Balis to Be Over by June, Forecast Jacksonville. Fla.. March IS — I'/l'i— Tho golf ball shortage will bo over by Juno 1, ending an era which saw pre-war pellets sell for $5 apiece, the touring pros of the winter golfing circuit agreed today. Plenty of first-grade clubs, both woods and irons, also arc expected to 'IK; available by summer. Tho touring pros, minus Byron Nelson, last year's top money winner, arc scheduled to tee off today in the initial round of the $10,000 Jacksonville open. Rain delayed the start yesterday. —— o Oaklawn Entries for Saturday First Race—51100; cTmg; 4 ys up; 6 furs. Scenic Charm x!02; Double Eire 115: Vinita Marshal 110; Grficc: K. xl02; Alpine Liaht 112: Misty Eye x!02; Tide Way 115: Suatack x!07: Miss Mamie 107: Morck-cai 115; Liberator lib; Royal Kd^u 107. Also eligible: Chata H. x!02; Tc- trab 110; Floysan xl()7; Odd Pair 110; Silver Ace 118; Fountain Grove 107. (12 & (i. i Second Race—$100; cling; 4 yos up: (i furs. Extricate 105; Highpat 112; Anxiety 113; Anthony's Girl 107; Wet Tony 112; Grand Gay Hope Star Hope, Arkansas Dear Editor: I an neither thief, murderer nor thug, but I am going to vote against prohibition. The women in my family are as good as those of any family in the county and they are going to vote like I do. ! resent the implications of the drys, that everybody who votes wet is a criminal. I hate to think that anybody in Hempstead county would say that about their neighbors. In fact there's probably some skeletons in some dry closets that would make us wets look like saints instead of criminals like we've been branded. Yours truly, A Soldier —Paid Political Adv. World-Wide News Coverage Given Impartially by Associated Press Hope 47TH Star of Hope. 1899; Press. 1927. Consolidated January 18. 1929. Star WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: partly cloudy this aft- ernon tonight and Sunday. Slight- y cooler in north and central portions tonight. OUR DAILY BREAD ' Sliced Thin by Tho Editor ' Alex. H. Washburn *• _ Joe, You're Back in Time to Vote Against Going to Jail A quarter century ago national prohibition was enacted while the veterans of World War I were absent in the service or their country. It was a political steal-out, of course. t t 2 ,i h /° S ? me was intencie d in the local option election to be held for Hempstcad county March 19 — but originally scheduled early last fall. Only the delays granted by the courts have put the election off to now, enabling perhaps hall the servicemen to vote. It is important that you do vote. Ordinarily American citizens are protected in their property and personal rights, whether they vote or don't vote. But not on the prohibition question. If your property is to be mortgaged for a new courthouse, or a new street improvement district, and you fail to vote, your failure is a vote against the mortgage—not against yourself. For on property matters it is required that the issue poll a majority of the poll tax list. t But on the equally important question of a person's right to cat or drink or wear what he likes the protection given property rights has been withdrawn from the unpropertied individual. In a local option election only a bare majority of those actually going to the polls is required. When you stay away from the polls, therefore, you are m effect voting dry. It is an unjust and un-American law—but it admirably suits the character of prohibition itself. Prohibition is a law for the rich and comfortable to put the poor and friendless in jail. I never heard of a man with enough money to hire a lawyer going to jail for taking a drink. But the prohibition law has put in jail untold thousands- of the poor and ignorant and friendless. I see no morality in that which is unjust. Whatever the evils of alcohol—and they are many there must be some other solution than passing a law which allows the well-heeled man to do what he likes and yet escape, while the poor and friendless go to jail. I am my brother's keeper—not his jail-keeper. And if you are an honest American you will go to the polls next Tuesday, March 19, and vote for freedom and justice. HOPE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, MARCH 16, 1946 Red Cross Goes Over 50% Mark -K + -K By JAMES THRASHER Spy Story A spy story even more startling than the recent and still vague account of Russian activilies in Canada is Ihat contained in a .series of NEA Service dispatches from Stockholm, revealing the Gorman espionage system there during the war. « Nazis' spying is watei ; the '-dam, lo be sure. And ,..,.J?dnT win the war "for "(horn, Hie enough, largely because Iho Allies had a spy syslcm, too. But the fact remains that the Nazis had a vast collection of secret knowledge which prolonged the war and cost thousands of lives. Conversely, our lack of secret knowledge «lso cost lives. How different might the story of Pearl . Harbor have been if we had had V.J 1 an efficient and well-established espionage system in Japan? We had no such system, however, because peacetime spying lias .always seemed lo Americans an exotic and reprehensible business. It was all right as material for cloak-and-dagger melodrama. And we would even admit, with a pained look, Ihat perhaps some foreign countries indulged in this sneaking occupation. But Americans, never. We were too decent, sporting, and candid. 0 That is substantially what Ihc • ordinary citizen seemed to think. And apparently the ordinary citizen's elected servants in Washington thought likewise. At any rate, wo never have had a second-rate intelligence service functioning abroad except in time of war. The rest of the world's great nations—and most of its small lines—did, of course. And, while we Americans may have prided ourselves on our moral superiority lo such goiiiys-oii, we must have looked prelty foolish lo other coun- < tries. We actually were, and we should have had to admit it, and more, if we had known the shocking truth of just how much friendly and unfriendly govcrnmonls alike knew aboul our secret 'busi- Miss Annie Jean Walker, Red Cross Fund Campaign Treasurer, anonunced today that 50 per cent of the County's quota of $8,870 was reached March 15, eleven days after the campaign officially opened in the Hope business district. It now appears that a close race is developing between Earl Cliflon's Hope business district teams, Howard Byers' Hope residential district workers, and W. M. Sparks and his special agencies subchairmen as to which group will be first to "go over the lop" by reaching the group quota. Russia Charges U.S. Press Is Seeking to Set Up Atomic Dictatorship Against Moscow K\ Moscow, March 10 —fUP)— The newspaper New Times accused American axis is being talked," promote an American atomic dictatorship and Charged that an Anglo-American axis was being advocated against Russia. 'After the collapse of the Fascist axis the idea of new Anglo- American axis is being talk.ed" the New Times said. "This axis is just as hostile to the freedom of nations and dangerous for international peace." Winston Churchill was assailed by the New Times "for endeavoring to divide the world's Democratic nations and Democratic forces inside each nation into hostile camps, and so incite a fratricidal war." Miss Walker pointed out that a j The New Times said that "re- vory encouraging report was turned in by the workers of the Brunei- Ivory Handle company, whose contribution exceeded 50 per cent of that given in 1945, even though a half day's pay only was asked this year, where most of the workmen gave a whole day's pay last She added that thus far, one of the best examples of hard work and liberal giving was a $35 contribution by the two room Antioch negro school. This should be an inpsiration for all workers who have not yet reported, and certainly is evidence of what conscientious volunteer solicitors can achieve in a small rural area. • Miss Walker pointed out that any workers needing supplies can obtain them by calling at, or writing to, Red Cross Headquarters, Elks Hall, Hope. Boyd Bros 25.00 Century Bible Class (Methodist) 15.00 Mr. & Mrs. C. W. Bridges 2.00 Win. Green Jessie Montgomery Frank Walters T. O. Porter Bill Rowe B. B. McPherson Roy Crainc Unique Cafe 1.00 ....1.00 10.00 5.00 1.00 42.00 nctionary, jingoistic" talk in part of the American press has damaged international confidence in proposals for controlling atomic energy through the United Nations organization. All the Soviet Union meanwhile awaited Generalissimo Stalin's announcement of his new cabinet, ex peeled today. The cabinet will administer the new five-year plan, ......< u !.•» i n»i. 1 J\_ YY il v \^~J \^f\ i 1/1 Wl I, W 1111UU kJUtl I which includes the objectives of able future. oquiping the armed forces with the most modern weapons and expanding studies in atomic energy. blalin's new council of ministers will replace tho council of people's comnjissars, under a decibion taken by the Supreme Soviet yesterday. Stalin will head the new government, members of which will be called ministers instead of commissars. The new five-year plan was introduced before the Supreme Soviet yesterday by Nikolai Voznes- sensky, president of the slates planning commission. He said the Communist party would seek to build a classless society. : Voznesscnsky said that the state would build a number of scientific institutes to pursue the study of atomic energy and the genera! ap plication of science to industrial processes. He mentioned radio location for a prominent place in the studies. Throughout his speech he emphasized the need and determination to fulfill Stalin's directive,, to catch up with and surpass the most advance industrial nations like the United Stales within the forcsee- lNFAT M u° ns A ! so *:latfld, Press JNEAI—Means Newsoooer Enterorlse Ass'n. PRICE 5c COPY Russian Held 5.00 10.00 5.00 18.00 2 Killed as 'Frisco Hits Oil Truck Brislow, Okla., March 16—(UP) —Two truckmen were: l:ill£d and two trainmen critically burned today when the Meteor, fast Frisco passenger train, nil a big gasoline tank truck here and caught fire Firemen quickly brought the train fire under control, but some Mrs. Nolan Tollclt .. 1 00 passengers leaped from the smoke Coleman Service Slation lilled cars in panic after an ex-! Mrs. I. J. Thompson, plosion which followed the eolli Mrs. Clyde Coffee Mrs. L. E. King Mrs. Orvillc Oglcsby.. Mr. & Mrs. P. W. Taylor Mrs. Howard Bycrs Mrs. J. L. Rogers Mrs. Paul Cobb Mrs. Jim Cobb Joe Clingan Grady Hairston ...1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 2.00 1.00 —1.00 "1.00 2.00 1.00 20.00 7.00 5.00 sion. Ihc truck operator, Elbert A. Coulter of Oklahoma City, was Killed, as was his unidentified companion. Brislow hospital aides said the tram engineer, L. E. Wham of Oklahoma City, was in a grave con-1 dition, and tho fireman, Guy Dennis, also of Oklahoma Cily' had suffered serious burns. ness. Americans don'i gag Ihc knowlcdge thai football games are scouled. Investors seldom turn down a good business or slock markel lip, even though such things can be in the nature of spying. But toward tho infinitely *. more important matter of know' ing what other nations are doing, can do, and mean to do, we have maintained a sort of Boy Scout attitude which may have been high- minded, but which was unrealistic and dangerous. The Nazi spy revelations from Sweden arc worth reading. They reveal an intricate, far-flung, ingenious, and cfficienl organization which was probably not peculiar to the German government under Hit- Chinese Pour Troops In to Manchuria Washington, March 1C — </p\ — -.en. George C. Marshall said to- ciay a Chinese army of crack American-trained divisions is now embarking for Manchuria where .he situation, he declared, is "extremely critical." Meeting newsman after conferences with President Truman and Secretary of State Byrnes yesterday, Marshall made an outright Moa lor strong American support or China— including material and presumably financial assitance — during the period of its efforts to establish unity between Nationalisl and Communist forces . Marshall declared that stability in China is essential to world peace and ho said that the United States is best able to help China gain stability. Marshall discussed the Manchurian situation only sketchily In his news conference, which was held at the State Department rather than the War Dopartmenl, since he now holds the position of ambassador to China and intends to return there soon, he said that the Chinese Nationalist forces of 250 divisions include 39 American trained divisions. 'Mr. Frank Van Ness .... Hope Feed Co Mr. Goo. H. Waldcn .... Mr. E. A. Morsani Mr. & Mrs. T. P. Beard Mrs. Tommy Baber Mr. & Mrs. C. C. Weslerman Mr. & Mrs. R. E. Cain J. W. Harper Smead Mayo Delmar Gut'fcy Lloyd Lingo Mrs. D. A. Gectings Homer Cobb . .las. A. Owens Mrs. Win. Stephcnson .... Mrs. Homer Thomas .... Miss Chamblcss Mrs. J. G. Collier Mrs. Minnie Clark Cash 2.00 1.00 1.00 5.00 1.00 5.00 2.00 1.00 2.00 5.00 1.00 1.00 .10 5.00 1.00 1.00 3.00 1.00 1.00 .50 .50 .25 1.00 Chiang Asks Pact Chungking, March 1C (UP) — Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek lo- Moxlcy Grocery . Mr. & Mrs. Leo Compton Mr. E. Briant 5.00 3.00 5.00 42.35 1.00 3.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 2.50 2.50 5.00 5.00 3.00 1.00 5.00 1.50 1.00 1.00 iiiu vjvji 111 LI 11 (=>\J v ui 1JIJI (Jill LIIILIUI 111 L- , ' ' "-•••«ii| S JiUi-OllUJV IU- lor. To its members, espionage I da >' called upon China to establish full-lime job, and a biy ' :i permanent friendship with Soviet - Russia, warning that the fulurc of was a one. It may be hoped, now that we have sol up ;j peacetime intelligence or espionage service in this country, that it, too, will be a full-time activity. Its job of collecting, corrc-lat::ig. and inlerprol- information will probably disappoint Ihu devotees of the spectacular and glamorous. But tho result will give us some invaluable national insurance, if tho effort is given the importance il deserves. CAPLE WON'T RUN Little Rock, March 15 —I/) 1 )— Pulaski county Slutriff Gus Caplo announced today Jio would not seek re-election and that he would support Tom Gulloy, chief deputy sheriff, for Iho office, MEETING POSTPONED Lille Rock, March 10 — (/P) — I Tho scheduled April 1 meeting of -. „, .......... <_, ,... ul> nii^ -Hi LKl U Ul world peace depended upon solution of the Manchurian problem Chiang's political organization the Kuomintang, at the same time ended its 21-year-old one-parlv rule of China, accepted other p'artios into the government, and called upon Russia to withdraw from Manchuria. troops A resolution .adopted unanimously by the party leaders repudiated any decisions afl'ec'ting China's foreign policy which were made by other powers without China's participation. Presumably it was ;iimed at the secret agreement at Yalta whereby the United States and Grout Britain promised various concessions lo Russia in return for Rod Arrny participation in against Japan. SMITH NOMINATED the war i J1U aWlit-UCULU f\}Jl 11 A 1 I lulling Ul I — •«,.,. > *r-», b. br the Arkansas Highway Commission I Washington, March 15 — (/l>j — has been postponed until April 15 J Preside-ill Truman today sent to lo permit engineers additional time I""-' Senate the nomination of Lt. I- prepare specifications for nci Gsl1 - Walter Bedell Smith to be jobs.' .^^.u.-o-.-.^fc-ji.^k ambassador to Eussia. Miss Mamie Briant ... Mrs. P. H. Webb Mrs. L. F. Higgason ... Miss Eva Owens Mrs. J. L. Anderson ... Cash Rev. S. A. Whitlow Mrs. S. A. Whitlow ... Mrs. W. C. Miller Mr. & Mrs. Hugh Reese Mrs. E. P. O'Neal ... Mrs. C. C. Spragins ... Rev. & Mrs. R. B. Moore Mrs. A. K. Holloway .... Mrs. Webb Lasclur Mrs. Henry Taylor A. D. Middlebrooks .... Mrs. L. B. Tooley . Mrs. V. B. Harris L. C. Martin Mrs. J. F. Nowborry .... Henry C. Martin Calvin Morris Mrs. Leon Bundy Leon Bundy W. A. Wray '. " Mr. & Mrs. Mont Allen Mrs. Dexter Bailey Miss Elizabeth Vardy .... Mr. & Mrs. Thos. Brewstor ... 10.00 Mrs. Frank Malone 2 50 Mrs. H. W. Hatcher 1.00 Mrs. Anna Duffic 2.00 Mrs. Hutson 1.00 Mrs. Russell i 50 Mr. & Mrs. C. R, Hamilton .... 5 00 Mrs. Ruffin White 2.00 Jones Maytag Co. ... 2.00 Mr. & Mrs. C. M. Agce 5.00 13.00 20.00 5.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 .25 3.00 5.00 2.00 2.00 1.00 1.00 35.5 Mr. & Mrs. Paul Raley R. T. Wilson , ... .' R. L. McClain .... Frank J. Mason .1. B. Easter A. A. Brown A. Nash B. A. Smith J. D. Bullock J. W. Cunningham 32.00 Continued' on Pu^e Two . 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 2.00 5.00 5.00 3.00 2.50 Berlin Blasted Berlin, March 16 —(/P)— Three explosions of ammunition today shattered the Alexander Kaserne building in midlown Berlin, occupied as a hcadciuarters of Russian military and German civilian police, causing more than 300 casualties. At least one person, a German policeman, was known to have been killed, and authorities said there probably were more fatalities. A police hospital reported that 100 of the casualties were seriously injured. Many of the casualties were persons living in the neighborhod or traversing the streets, The explosions suread debris over an area of several blocks. A German policeman said he believed the explosives were in a Red Army am- munilioii dump. Red army troops and civilian police scaled off live' blast area, near the Alexander platz in the Russian sector. Public safety officers of other occupying powers were barred, as were reporters. American and British units sent ambulances and offered hospital facilities. Four hours after the blast the Russians and police digging in the debris. The explosions apparently were accidental. One version said' a German policeman demonstrating some old German ammunition stored in the courtyard accidentally touched off a grenade and ignited other explosives. The first two explosions were small, but the third was a tremendous blast heard for miles. Numerous bomb ruins in the region were tumbled by the explosion and one German who suf- cred minor injuries said "it was just like a wartime bombing raid, with glass and splinters flying and walls caving in." Goering Bored as His Trial Drags on Nuernberg, March 16 —(UPi — Rcichsmarchal Hermann Goering slouched indifferently in the witness box today and described a number of his fellow defendants as mere errand boys carrying out the orders of Adolf Hitler. Counsol for other defendants took up the fired examination of Goering, who after three days of testimony on his own behalf seemed bored and listless. Goering testified in response to questions by counsel for Marshal Wilhelm Keitcl. chief of tho high command the Hitler reorganised the army setup Feb. 4, 1938, Hitler himself became chief of the armed forces "in fact," Goering said, making Kcilcl a mere administrative officer to relay his orders. All orders came from IJitU-r, the witness testified, "whether sianod by a high command general officer of Private First Class Mover. In $J 10,283 for State in First 16 Days of Racing at Spa Lille Rock', March 1C —(/P) — The first 16 days of racing at Hot Springs netted the state $110,283.43 more than was realized during the same period in the 1045 fall meeting, Revenue Commissioner Otho A. Cook has announced. Collections during the current meeting total 3290,477.78. Iran Minister of War Denies Fight Threat Tehran, March 16 — (ff>) — Gen. Ahmed Sepehbod Amir .Ahrnedi, Churchill Asks Russians to Consult UNO New York, March 16 -W)—Winston Churchill called upon the Soviet Union last night to insure contin- :e of war-born sympathy of the = -ish-speaking world for the Russian people by submitting ils inlci-national problems to Ihc United Nations security council. 't l{ , i tho Sovicl government does not lake advantage of this (Anglo- American) sentiment," he said it, on the contrary, they discourage it, or they chill il," ihe re- sponsibilily will be entirely theirs." The doughty wartime leader of Great Britain said Russia's failure LO evacuate Iran should be thrashed out in the council's forthcoming New York meeting, and he warned that an early and great test for the UNO would come from Russian pressure against Turkey over the Dardanelles. (Washington sources said last night that Iran already had in.°l™ d '! ne ,, Un i t ed Stales that it Gl Crap-Shooter Pays U.S. Income Tax of $20,000 Riverside, Calif., March 10 —(/Pi — "I won some dough shooting craps overseas " a beribboned soldier told the internal revenue department man yesterday. "How much?" asked the deputy. "About fifty-three thousand dollars," the soldier responded. The deputy gulped, did some figuring, the soldier peeled something over $20,000 off his outsize roll and strolled out. In Los Angeles, Internal Revenue Collector Harry C. Westover said his name could not be disclosed. Byrnes Ready to Put Russia to the Test Washington. March 16 —(UP) — Secretary of State James F. Byrnes is ready to put Russia to a crucia^ test at the forthcoming se;,TA,',V^" '!" ;J i>" ll T l £VU olales Tnat it|F u "ty council meeting which may would ask Ihe UNO to reopen the 'influence the entire future of the Iran-Russian situation at the S e-; Unit ed Nations, it was learned to- fM iril v nminnil i-vmn4-:« ** ...i- • i_ ' A mi- . . -^- „.. ut-.uuviuil <JL LUC OtJ~ ^::i lj ;^ o . u .'? ci ^^ eetin g which OP en S , ships or ships of V.rW "• .~"' i i-"> *-"• wcii. 11. waa ujiuuibiooo mat me united io this guarantee Turkey would States has promised both Iran and gladly have subscribed," he con- Turkey as much support as possi- tmued, 'but we were told that that K1 " ""'* U! - "•- f * • •• was not enough. Russia must'have a fortress inside the straits from . " -'-.J.MV. 1.1 j i, OLidlLO 4-1 U1I1 w »ich_she could dominate Conslan- to keep the tinoplc. "But, this is not ^ -._, „ ..„ » iwl , nj ivcuij LllC straits open but to give power of closing them to a single nation. I his is out of harmony with the principle urged by the United Mates representatives of the freedom of the great waterways of Europe, the Danube, the Rhine and other rivers which run through so many different countries. "At any rate, there was the offer, and I have no doubt it is still open, and if Soviet Russia still persists in puling pressure on •nuiiifu duiju-ijuuu fiimr nnmeai T. ur . ke . y - llne matter must in the minister of war, told newsmen to-' ;, lrstT ! n ? ta J 1C xT b - e P rcm °un?ed upon *..>....ubi.i. u*. n n i , Lwtu ,111^; w is 11 ivr i j uu~ day he "denied categorically" all statements accredited to him by foreign newsmen- following a press conference March 13 in which he was renorted to have said the Iranian army would defend the capital "to the last man" if Russian troops rnova--toward Tehran. . Ahmedi and Prinze Firouz, political under secretary of stale and j director of propaganda,* who met jointly with newsmen to make the official denial, charged that the minister's actual responses had been "completely misinterpreted" by a War Department interpreter, who sat in at the March 13 press conference. Firouz added that foreign radio reports that Tehran residents fear false." He handed out a copy of Russian invasion "are completely a paper headed "War Ministers' Denial," which he asked newsmen to distribute to "correct false impressions created abroad." Advance units of a Russian column moving south aound Lakn Urmia near tho borders of Turkey and Iraq, were reported today GO miles southeast of Saujbulagh, seat of the semi-autonomous sheikdom of Kurdish Chief Gahzi Mohammed. The reported movement of Red Army Iroops last night into Bukan, jusl north of Kurdistan province and 60 miles southeast of Saujbulagh, apparently tended to support a prevalent theory among Iranian and foreign government _ _. u .. uv , ,j^, pi «-niwuu\,iru UJJUIl the United Nations security council. "Thus early will come a very greatest for the world organization on which so many, indeed I might say all, our hopes are founded." officials that Russia favors in independent Kurdistan for the Kurds of Iran, Iraq and Turkey. (Persistent reports circulated in Istanbul that Bulgaria soon would close its 135-milc-long border with Turkey, which already was concerned about the reported Russian .rop movements near her eastern in Ian. o Capital's Cherry Trees Put Forth Blooms of Spring Washington. March 15 — (UP) — Gen. George C. Marshall, Presi- ient Truman's special envoy to China returned from his threc- rionth mission today. He said he I vould have something to say later Jn tho Far Eastern situation. Marshall told reporters who met him at National airport lie was not going to say anything about his trip until ho had conferred with President Truman and Secretary - ' General Motors to Begin Shipping New Cars at Once Detroit, March 16 —(UP)— General Motors Corporation spokesmen said today that final car and truck assembly lines will began to roll within three or four days after the CIO United Auto workers ratify their new labor agreement with GM. During the 113 day strike, company experts drafted complete production schedules and plans to call tho 175,000 production workers back to their jobs. Despite the early resumption of assembly line operations, GM's Fisher body division reported it would have enough bodies on hand lo keep all motor divisions going without a let-up. Nicholas Murray Butler. Blind, Gives Up Public Meetings New York, March 16 — (/PI— Dr Nicholas Murray Butler said in a letter read yesterday at (he Metropolitan Club's luncheon for Winston Churchill that "my loss of sight makes it impossible" for him "to attend these public gatherings." The 83-year-old President Emeritus of Columbia University was to have delivered the welcome address to the former British prime minister. Tne issue win DC Iran despite ' A, , .,," '"'•' ille J»sue win DC aran despite Churchill made the first public .Winston Churchill's blunt sugges- disclqsure that America and great t>° n last night that the UNO may uriiain had offered Russia at the £a ce a "very great test" unless the ^otsdam conference "a joint guar- Soviets abandon their pressure on amee of the complete freedom of Turkey for a fortress inside the tne (Dardanelles) st.raits in peace Dardanelles which would dominate and war, whether for merchant Constanlinople. It was understood that the United v -.. — *,.. uv*£S£.rvjj i, 0.0 \j\joai~ ble within the framework of the United Nations charter in their efforts to resift unilateral Soviet coercion. This would be in line with Byrnes' recent promise that "the United States 'intends to defend the charter." Byrnes, it was said, has decided that the world—for better or foi worse—must know now and not 10 or 15 years hence whether it can place its faith in the hands of the nely devised international organ ization and whether it can trust the pledged word of UNO members. o Navy Reduces Its Discharge Score Again Washington, March 16 —(/P)— Th navy has lowered Us -discharge point standards a'gain, eliminating at the same time higher require ments for some specialists than fo other enlisted men and women Effective June-2 all enlisted mei with 24 points and Waves with 1 may return to civilian life .Thes,. scores drop to 23 and 17 on June 15. Reductions in point requirements effective June 2 and June 15 wil make about 307,000 enlisted mei and women and 26,000 officiers eli gible, the Navy Department esti mated last night. Male commissioned and war rant officers in general may be discharged with 34 points May 15 32 on June 2, and 30 on June 15 Requirements for others on the same dales: Male doclors, 42, 40 and 39; aviators above ensign rank, 21, 20 and 20; aviator p ensigns, 20 on each date; female officers, 24; 23 and 22: male enlisted, 26, 24 and 23; female enlisted, 19 18 and 17. Denver, March 16 — IfP) — The world's highest road, Pike's Peak highway near Colorado Springs, will be reopened this year for the first time since early in the war Acting State Highway Engineer Arthur F. Hewitt has announced. It is expected lo be open for travel by early summer . St. Louis, March 16 —(/P)—Mrs. Mary Burkham Ray, 58, wife of E. Lansing Ray, published of the St. Louis Globe-Democrat, died following a heart attack shortly before 1 a. m. today. She had been ill several months. Churchill-Stalin Dispute Shakes Austria, Whose Only Hope Lies in World Unity nf Si-»t F. Byrnes. He uj i-i-iviiif nrst c:iass Meyer. In "' °' '" mines i-. Byrnes. He is the clash between the fueliror and . scheduled to sec the president at fil I'll 111 n nrlrn'c K" 1 !•* i i fil .,..,., i,: , r ,« .-. ..11 i \ i i \ It 1 ^ i •* i\ ,i .... _j .. ... commanders, Keilel was hit from both sides. Goering said Keilel became so tired of the middleman role that he askod Goering to help him get a Iron! line command, even if only a division—"anything to got away." Alirod Rosenberg. Nazi ideologist, had no political influence aft- 3r 1S)33. Goering said, picturing him as a "c-omiiarativoly litle man who didn't dare open his mouth." Walthor Funk, former minister oi economics, was described as "nf 10 significance" after 1933 As president of tho Reichsbank. lie inly followed Gocring's instruc- iions. the witness said. Baldiir Von Schirach, head of tho litler youth, got .into .serious trou- )lo wnh Hitler. Goering said, because his mother was renortrcl io iavo boon an American. But Goer- i ng said ho convinced llhlor that ! 10 should spare Schirach after Martin Bormann and llcinrich limmler already had cooked up a ilot to do away with .him. I might point out that other coun-i nes are contcmplaling laws which ' equire industries to take a certain! roporliun of handicapped workers —Gen. Omar N. Bradley, Veterans Administrator. _- .-. -n., Ksi. and nad a noon appointment with Byrnes. Blevins Training School to Be Host to County Meet The County Teachers Association Field Day and Students Activities will be hold at Iho Blevins I raining School. Friday, March 22 at 9:30 'a.m. Evc'ry j beginnin By DeWITT MacKENZIE AP World Traveler Vienna, March 16 Winston .,_. „,, *.»« i v., , j. w -— 111I10LUU Churchill's Missouri speech and the vitriolic reaction from Moscow continue lo reverberate sharply in central Europe and so it perhaps wasn't surprising — though unex peeled that the president of Austria. Dr. Karl Renner, should refer voluntarily to tho affair during an interview which he accorded me at the chancellery. "We (Austria) have one main sorrow jusl now aroused by the """' ' ' " Churchill and - — Renner. "The unity of tho world is our life and the end of unity would be the end of Austria." Later 1 reverted to this subject and asked the president whether dispute between Stalin," said Dr. involved in war but we want „ treaty to clear up our legal position. We arc liberated but are in a worse position than the conquered nations. "We have a parliament and government which can't govern at all because there are four military governments. Every act of our government needs the permission of the four powers and this is generally too late or not at all." "In one word the big task of the immediate future is to fix the international and internal status of Austria this is only possible by treaty. It can't be done by dicta- lion. It concerns our necessities of life and we must be consulted about these necessities. All the agricultural and industrial means of existence arc at the disposal of COU " y , , • ,,- -I" >-»"-"...i nuvuici «.-.\:aii;iife are at tie disposal o he was hopeful tor peace or wheth- the Allies. The powers make dif or he agreed with thp nr-xs mi«t« fo,.o,,t ,,.-., „/ ,!,„' .„_',. , . cx "«tcd CM; he agreed with' the" pes si mists ferenT'use' of' 'theE testants present oi. „,„,... ^- vvl - al one-act plays will be presented in contest at 8 p.m.. The State Police Say: yjrls and Will you watch lor little and boys, Drivers in the country town? Really, it's one of the greatest crimes To run a little child down. "I-hope there will bo freemen. !Anr^n^. a're uscd^'tge Ru* botwoon the western Allies and sums and are not available to As- Russia, ho replied. "1 hope that, trians. Austria hasn't enough food hi the agreement Austria will not this position is intolerable | bt i ffl d" laughingly "Do you A,H^ nW^owT inler^ ! n5r e smY'ed' bnndl?*''"^,,',' Ecn > ul »\ *«<* »^»"' that we can" !^«\fo bl o} J ,t fea? a^t^lp'lan! 1 ' 1 ^ LjZ"^^^^ • his Im-ndly ncr>uin.-iliiv !,, t - K....I. .u..'. ... •. l - " lu »'> e ! "I find il Canada May Cut Relations With Russia Otawa, March 1C— (UP)— A severance of Russian-Canadian diplomatic relations was predicted today by neutral diplomatic^ officials who pointed out that public disclosure by Canada of confidential Russian embassy dispatches was a move without precedent between friendly governments. . Russian embassy dispatches telling of the assignment of spy tasks lo Canadian government civil servants were quoted in yesterday's anti-spy commission report. Members of neutral embassies :ompared these Canadian cisclo- iures to the "white papers" which governments ordinarily issue after breaking off diplomatic relations. Meanwhile, in Montreal, Fred Rose, Communist member of parliament who was charged with revealing military secrets to the Soviet, was released on $10,000 bail tor preliminary hearing on March "What I have to say, I will say on the floor of the House," Rose said, adding that he intends to be his commons seat Monday. Dr. Raymond Boyer, assistant professor of chemistry at McGill university, accused yesterdav of revealing processes for manufac the secret high explosive } to the Russian government, ! was also free on $10,000 bail to i appear on March 22. ' ! . G. S. Ge'rson, Mat Simons Nightingale, and Dr. David Shugar 5 three scientists accused of collabo- , ™ rating with Boyer in aiding Rus- il sian espionage, were held in'*Ottawa jail last night pending their re»» asc u°o nbail - They were to appear March 20 for public hearing. Meanwhile it was reported that J-.t. Col. P. S. Motinov, former Russian attache here who was named as a director of espionage in the spy-commission's report, is now a memer of the staff of the Russian embassy in Washington. •five . unidentified persons are still being held incommunicado by the Canadian government pending further reports of the Royal Spy- commission. Moscow Soys Iran Breached Oil Treaty . ••••'-.' ..'* "."!"{ i.*^:i"jk -h+' " . i *V2*. '" ,-' , * —- * London, March 16 — (UP)—The" controlled Moscow press and radio today accused Iran of violating the , boviet-Iranian oil agreement and 1 charged that an anti-Soviet bloc i was being created .in the Near 1 East. i While hurling accusations at t Iran, Turkey and Iraq, Moscow I said that Russia intends to make { herself so strong within 15 years \ that she will be secure against any attack. A radio Moscow commenta- ' tor said the Soviet Union needed f peace to achieve this goal. I Pravda issued a new call for 1 an even stronger Red Army "to ' safeguard our country from all i eventualities and prevent attempts 1 at new aggressions." i The government newspaper Iz- -I vestia charged the Tehran gov- I eminent with giving to Anglo- American oil interests concessions i which had been reserved for Rus- ' sia under the pact of 1921 | For 20 years, Izvestia said, the J policy of Iranian ruling circles regarding oil concessions was per- ' peatod with hostility to the Soviet J Union and directed toward promo- > tion of clashes between Russia and i other great powers. ! ' "This is why Iranian reaction- ^ anes did not hesitate to violate the { Soviet-Iranian agreement," Izves- I tia said. "One must not forget that * inese facts have great importance ' in development of relations be- ! tween the Soviet Union and Iran " v Best available information in i London was thai the Red Army i las remained inside its occupation ' zone in northern Iran, but Tehran lowspaper dispatches continued to report arrival of Soviet reinforce- neiits moving through torrential rains. The Izvestia article, second in a series on Iran, appeared to be a further step in preparing the Soviet public for news of future Soviet policy in Iran. Izvestia said that in 1921 Iran •eserved to .Russia oire, oil and •ailroad concessions in northern .ran. Russia agreed to withhold hese rights 911 condition that Iran would not give them to a third ilivc to seo I "And what of Austria's fu'turcV" i I askod. | "\Vlial are your plans?" said Dr. I Renner. "The republic never \vaa The ink was not dry on the igreement, Izvestia said, before Iran handed the concessions in- •olved to the Standard Oil Co. It said this provoked "a clash of in- eresls between the Soviet Union and the Uniled States." Izvestia said the Standard Oil agreement was cancelled in 1922 ifter energetic Soviet protests. It iclded that further violations oc- •urrcd in 1923, 1937 and 1939. Iran told Russia that she lacked inancial and technical means to evelop her oil resources herself vilhout foreign aid. Izvcslia said. he article called this only a ma- icuvcr which was unmasked in 944 when Russia offered to take ver ihe concessions. General Marshall Returns Home From China Trip Washington, March 15 —(UP) — 'he capital's famed cherry trees had out forth a few blossoms today, nearly a week ahead of the previous early date. The trees had their first pink l traiisivivi-j'iimr"\v«' ~T "^ °" u Wfssoms of tho yoar on March 20 i claim in =„ ° r1H ' for a lasl - vcar ;ind »» 19] 3- Thev never in ^ C ,? cc conference—not i before had bloomed earlier than •in me uCCCplCd SC11SC Oi tho term 'thai Hr-pm-Hiiia ir» Wui ;,*,». ,1 n i r I,,,* i;t-.t „ ,. "*w iv i in met i amHUJJig IU iiallOIltii 1 ark of- uut 41 j\ u d peace coiu crcncc and— ificiuls —» v* The trees wore expected to reach lull bloom within 10 days, if ures- ent mile! temperatures continue h ° UCaty t0 Continued on Page Two

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