' • 4 of 13 Suspected ^Canadians Jailed Kfbr-Espfonage \ •» _.,„„„,.March 11—flTP'— Four ~Jf. the 13 persons arrested in con- ,»j8<jtton with the Soviet espionage %lng operating in Canadp were re~~ v -*" i - J to jail at a preliminary ^Mother's Friead massaging preparation helps bring ease and comfort •*•" to expectant mothers. "A/fOTHER'S FRIEND, r.n exquisitely -J.TJ. prepared emollient, ia useful in all ,, Conditions where n bland, mild snodyr.o ' ._,mnssaEs medium in skin lubrication is .deslrea. One condition in which women 'lot more than 70 years have used it is an application for massaging the body during pregnancy... it helps keep the skin soft and pliable... thus avoiding > unnecessary discomfort due to dryness and tightness. It refreshes and tones the skin.An Ideal massage application for the numb, tingling or burning sensations of ^the skin ... for the tired back muscles or cramp-like pains in the legs. Quickly absorbed. Delightful to xise. Highly praised by users, many doctors and "nurses. Millions of bottles sold. Just ask 'any druggist for Mother's Friend—the ' skin emollient and lubricant. Do try it. l!?- hearing today, and Lee A. Kelley crown prosecutor, announced additional charges will be brought against them. A few minutes before Magistrate Glenn Strike remanded the defendants until next Wednesday. Kelley said they would face Additional charges under the official secrets act. The charges, he said, would be in two categories, the communicating of secret and confidential information to the Soviet Union, and conspiracy with a person holding an office of trust to the king to divulge information. Q Administration to Continue Fight for Housing Subsidies Washington, March 11 — (fp) — Senator Barkley (D-Ky) said today the administration will fight to restore $600.000.000 in subsidies when housing legislation is considered by "the Senate. Barkley talked with reporters at the White House after congressional leaders conferred with President Truman. The House rejected subsidies on building materials and an- .other key feature of the president's housing program—cell- ing prices on old dwellings. Barkley made clear that administration forces would attempt to revive all features of the original housing bill asked by Mr. Truman, but he said the major effort would be behind the subsidy paymnts. -o- Hurricane Creek Aluminum Plant Resumes April 22 Bauxite ,March 11 — (UPl — The Reynolds Aluminum Company's Hurricane Creek alumina plant will resume operations April 22 for the first time since the end of the war, Manager W.W. Binford said today. VALUES AT PENNEY BOY'S HEAVY WEIGHT BLUE LL PANTS 1. BOY'S HEAVY WEIGHT KHAKI 6to16 JUST RECEIVED — LADIES COLORED ANKLETS 1C LOVELY ASSORTMENT — LADIES DICKEYS 39 inefi PRINTED RAYON JERSEY yd. 149 LADIES NOVELTY PATENT HANDBAGS CHILDREN'S 2 to 6 COTTON PLAY SUITS c [,. LARGE SELECTION — LADIES COTTON DRESSES 24 PIECE SET SILVERWARE IVORY HANDLES BOY'S NOVELTY COTTON SPORT SHIRTS MEN'S HEAVY KHAKI PANTS MEN'S KID LEATHER DRESS OXFORDS LADIES NOVELTY PLAY SANDALS MEN'S RIVETED OVERALLS PANTS §4 x 54 PRINTED TABLE CLOTHES r «o,. /*«. Ask Probe df Shots Fired at Greyhound Memohls, Tenn., March 11 — (if)— Dixie Greyhound lines called upon the I'Bt for aid today while state patrolmen moved to prevent a •recurrence of shooting attacks on the company s buses. Two buses were fired upon and a third was stoned in west Tennessee last Friday night. One passenger was injured when hit by a Fred Smith, Dixie Greyhound president, said he asked the FBI to enter the investigation. However. D S .Hosteller FBI agent here, said his agency had not taken part Lynn Bomar, state commissioner of public safely, met with west Tennessee highway patrolmen yesterday m Jackson to discuss plans for preventing recurrences of the attacks. Twenty-five patrolmen, under wes Tennessee Chief James t Helps, have joined in the invcsti- McCord' 11 lhC ° rdCr Ol GOV- Jim The company's buses are being operated by drivers represented by the Brotherhood of Railroad Irainmcn (Ind.) they signed an agreement with the line after a walKout by members of the Amalgamated Association of Electric _HOJM Sf AM, HO PI. ARKANSAS Mad Musician Who Gave Broadcast Believed improved British Join U.S.in Protest on Manchuria _ London. March 11 —(/Pi— Unilcd Detroit, March 11- ^P)— "Maestro S." Wayne county general hospit al's pianist who performed last '° Stiect Railway and Motor Coach Employes of America (AFL) in a wage dispule. •o pro- Stassen on Verge of Senate Race Washington, March 11 — (/P) _ Harold E. Stasscn's possible entry his week into the Minnesota senatorial race may raise to four the list of Republican presidential prospects likely to test their popularity m this year's elections. fatassen. former governor of Minnesota who served as Adm William F. Halsey's flag secretary during the war, indicated he will make up his mind this week whether to onnose Senator Henrik Shipstead for the Republican senatorial nomination. John W. Bricker of Ohio reportedly hopes he will be moled from the No. 2 spot he hefd °» 'he 1944 GOP ticket to the top in 1.948, has qualified to seek the Ohio senatorial seat now held by James W. Huffman, a Democratic apomtee. In Michigan, Senator Arthur Vandenberg, who is regarded as a possible presidential candidate , despite his protests that he has no j ambitions along that line, will be 'battling for reelection In New York, Gov. Thomas E Dewey, who carried the GOP is expected to . — --w.«^ 0 to take on bnipstcad for the Minnesota nomination, he is expected to draw a sharp issue on foreign policy Thc former governor has been preaching collective security doctrines for years. Shipstead was one of the two senators who voted against Senate ratification of the United Nations charter. Friends said Stassen realizes that he musl make a rigorous campaign if he hopes to unseat Shipstead, who has been in the Senate Victories by Stassen and Bricker would give the Senate Republican side four possible presidential candidates, for Senator Robert Taft 01 Ohio is not being counled oul of the 1948 race. of China were ---- —., by a similar British complainl. A British foreign office spokesman disclosed dispatch of a nole on Manchuria lo Moscow, following by several days the American protest. He added thai the Brilish gov- ernmenl maintained that all factory installations in Manchuria should be left in the custody of the Chinese until an Allied decision was made for their disposal. The spokesman also said that the British charge d'affaires in Moscow had been instructed to "press for an early reply" to a note demanding an e.xpfanalion of Russia's failure lo evacuate Iran in accordance with a Big Three agreement. The United "Stales previously had protested to Moscow over the situation in Iran. Red fleet, official organ of thc Russian Navy, attributed thc presence of Russian troops in Manchuria to a request by the Chinese Some circles" . in thc United standard in 1944, bid for reelection. If Stassen decides _..-.^x. j,, inv; UI111UU Mates and China are "trying to distort the real situation "in connection with the presence of Soviet iorccs in Manchuria," it added. o- Pinned Victim to Floor With a Nazi Knife Tampa, Fla.. March 11' — fUP) — The brutal killer of a mysterious Jampa curio shop proprietor bcal his victim to dcalh with a wrench before pinning his body to the iloor with a swastika-marked German storm trooper knife, nolice believed today. Detectives who had been at work on the strange case since the body of o2-year-old Frank Daniels was found Friday night admitted their one bit of evidence was the wicked blade. Daniels was found sprawled on the floor of his little shop, the knife driven through his neck and into the wood with such force that it was believed the slayer sadistic- a'jJ'. slampcd on it with his foot. The knife had been selected for Ihe purpose from one of thc dusty shelves oi antiques. The shop was a shambles when police arrived to tind papers, old coins and curios littering thc place. They revealed however, that Daniels had drawn his $1,500 in savings from the bank to take a Colorado trip for his health. The money has not been found but they thought it may have been deposited in some other bank or that he may have hidden it somewhere among the urns and figurines of the shop. Little victim. ---i— -" ">«w..w.v* ititii, jiia real name was Francisco Daniele He came -to Tampa about two years ago from Cleveland, O. and lived in his dark little shop as a recluse. the road back to Altshuler, psychiatrist at the hospital, announced he was "encouraged" by thc rendition of I the Cadenza from Mozarl's Con- cetio in D Minor given by his charge, a 45-year-old musician, once said to have been well-known who was committed to thc hospital nearly ten years ago. Three recent events have done a lot toward bringing "Maestro X" out of his menial illness, according to thc doctor, who describes the malady as "a form of negativism." Khan Gives 2 Millions to Charity Bombay, Mar. 11 —(UP>— Aga Khan Sullan Mohomecl Shah, spiril- uiil leader of millions of Moslems, u.,..,, had an additional $2,000,000 for his ,i^t ivnlfiit'o • » tii-1 1-1 Vt <i >•! i.. ... i_ j „ _i __ _ * ' "S"I Improvement in Hosiery Crisis Sought Wnshinglon. March 11—(UP) — The government moved ahead today with plans to relieve the women's hoisery shortage attcr announcing a new price program to get more men's clothing onto retail shelves. w W -, ilh tr blllh Col »Bi'Oss and the Vyhitc House getting protests from stockingless women, iho Civilian Production administration was drafting a plan to guarantee, through allocation, l.SOO.OOO xnmds of rayon yarn monthly to loisory manufacturers. ' CPA is exccptcd to take this step n about two weeks after meeting yitn representatives of rayon pro- uiccrs. The plan would raise total nonlnly production of rayoii stock- ngs lo aboul 111,000,000 pairs. Pro- luclion of nylons is now running iround 30,000,000 a month. A CPA official said present nylon :rocluelion itself was enough to jive every woman a pair but that ome "piggish" women were buy- 1 ny up everything they could find •rule others got none. The OPA stepped into the acute '""" ~ ' Highway Advisory Committee Meeting in Little Rock Little Rock, March 11 — UP) _ Thc highway advisory committee recently apointed by Governor Lancy was scheduled to meet here today lo discuss methods of financing new highway conslruclion nnm.^ii" 01 ' V nno i y , has askctl thc Musk melons and cnnliiloupM ' c'lmnhnn 0 ' hL p" tlod £y W. W. were brought lo thc United States; rinvf i i • , rr ? s l Clly, to vc-! f rom Tripoli about 1111!!. and were HCir. ,?t r y Al '8 lls t with spc- first grown in Gcrmantown in _culc plans Cor an expanded high-Pennsylvania. \vny program. ym Persons familiar with thc AfK sns highway situation said ;| did • not see how there couldlf grcfil improvement without at taxation of some kind. At present most of Arkanlm highway revenues arc pledged "f§ bond retirement, leaving compel?* lively little for new cunslruclU and maintenance. » -.1 ~<w*1*tt*tl- t «? ' ^ welfare ;md charity work today — the fruits of having his we'ight matched in diamonds by his followers. The Aga Khan, one of the world's richest men. was weighted in at a glitlering ceremony yesterday before 100,000 spectators. He weighted exactly 242 pounds. The weight was matched by GOO.- 000 carats of industrial diamonds and 4.000 carats of cut and polished gems. The $1,000,000 value of thc industrial diamonds, loaned for thc ceremony by the diamond control board of the British Board of Trade in London, will be given lo him in cash. The cut and polished stones will be sold to wealthy Moslems as jubilee souvenirs. The wcighing-in ceremony was originated by his followers to show their regard .and respect. Sunday was the first time that the Aga Khan, who is considered a direct descendant of Mohammed had been weighted against diamonds although he had been of men's clolhing last .... ' announcing long-awaited revised price scheduies designed to end hoarding .by manufacturers and get more lower-cost aparel on the market. OPA said its new program would wipe out inequities in clolhing prices by subsliluling a new cost-plus-markup formula for the "price freeze" now in effect It also restricts manufacturers lo their highest priced line for 1942 but allows a five per cent increase lo cover higher cosls. BURNS PROVE FATAL~ Balcsville, March 11—(/Pi—Eighl- year-old Billy Jean McClurg of Batcsville died today of burns suffered Saturday when she fell into a trash fire near her home. The child, who was under treatmenl ;it a Batcsville hospital, was thc daughter of Mrs. Lola McClurg. more was known of Papers showed that the TEACHERS' BONUS Mankato, Minn., March 12 —(/P) T 0 . teacher shortage has forced Ihe Mankato board of education to use Us ingenuity to attract instructors. Now whenever a teacher accepts a contract, the board gives her a pair of nylon stockings. -o . The English minted in 1504. weighed previous In the - — 50th golden in precious celebrations 1936 celebration metals- at of his anniversary he was pounds of Hoover Leaves for Europe on U. S. Food Mission Washington, March 11 —(UP) — Former President Herbert Hoover leaves for Europe this week on a mission from President Truman to o 5, thrcal ° C sturvalicm to of Europeans Hoover promised to 'distribute rc srue rc- "withnnt ri-f a f rV ' nf i- .I^oP'cs abroad without differential as to race religion 91- political belief " His itinerary will not be few days C ' Unng lhc Helps build up resistance against MONTHLY FEMALE PAIN when taken thruout month — Also a great stomachic tonic! If female functional periodic disturbances cause you to suffer from cramps, headache, backache, feel nervous. Jittery, cranky—at such times— try famous Lydla E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound to relieve such symptoms. Pinkham's Compound DOES MORE than relieve such monthly pain. It also relieves accompanying tired, nervous, cranky feelings—of such nature. Taken thruout thc month—this great medicine helps build up resistance against such monthly distress. Wo urge you to give Pinkham's Compound a fair and honest trial. Also a fine stomachic tonic! LYDIA E. PINKHAM'S «UNO OUR LAB EL on a PRESCRIPTION is like "STERLING" ON SILVER Fresh Drugs • Registered Pharmacist • Prescriptions Double Checked We've Got It WARD & SON Phone 62 The Leading Druggist We arc Dealers For •PACKARDS "America's No. 1 Glamour Car" • CMC TRUCKS • CROSLEY RADIOS • CROSLEY SHELVADOR REFRIGERATORS Place your Orders now for the New 1946 Models — WE ARE OPEN 24 HOURS — WYLIE MOTOR Arch Wylie Chas. Wylic 3rd and Walnut Sts. Phone 886 shilling was first i Blouses are the minor partner, but tkeir importance is major when it comes to setting off a suit wardrobe! They can dress it up O r dress it down, make it colorful or smartly severe. And our blouses are just the kind of partners you U want for your suits. Tailored or .dressmaker styles i n rayons and cottons. To ffie Voters of Hempstead County Ask the People of Your Neighboring Counties Who are Living Under the Bootleggers Regime, Which is Better: Legally Controlled Liquor, or Your County Full of Bootleggers? As they are: Christmas in Hope 1945 was the Quietest in Twenty Years. Four Arrests. In Nashville, Not Half as Large a City, with Nine Arrests, for Drunkeness, and, Howard County is Supposed to be Dry. Voters Have One Question at Issue to Settle: Shall we Control Liquor and Receive the Revenue, or, shall we let the Bootleggers have it and Sell to Everybody, With no Restrictions, and Receive no Revenue. YOU VOTE THE WAY YOU THINK BEST Legal Control Committee —Paid Political Adv. World-Wide News Coverag Given Impartially by Associated Press Hope 47TH YEAR: VOL 47— NO.127 star of HOPB. 1899: Press. 1927. Consolidated January 18. 1929. Star WEATHEft FORECAST Arkansas: cloudy with showers and thunderstorms this afternoon and in north and east portions tonight; Thursday partly cloudy, not much change in temperatures. OUR DAILY BRfeAD Sliced Thin by Thc Editor Alex. H. Washburn I Am My Brother's Keeper '-NotHisJAIL-Keeper On March 19 the people of Hempstead county will go o the polls in a local option election which proposes to prohibit the sale of liquor and beer, The professional do-gooders tell you about the evil of alcohol—and they say the way to get rid of this evil is to prohibit it . But so is poverty evil .... and war is evil .... yet nothing the mind of man has devised has ever prohibited \ cither of them. Regulation of the liquor traffic is world-wide But prohibition is an exploded experiment. Why did prohibition fail? Let me tell you. Prohibition is a bill to put men in jail. When it comes right down to a courthouse trial men will not put their brothers in jail merely for buying or selling a drink—something that has gone on for as long as civilization has been keeping records. Furthermore, prohibition is a hypocritical device of one ,, class to regulate the personal life of another class. The injustice of it smells. The brotherhood of mankind proclaims liberty as the most precious possession. But liberty's rights are many and diverse, depending on what class you belong to. If you are a propertied man, your liberty consists of the right to acquire—and retain—property. Government goes to great lengths to protect you in the possession of that property. If you are gone from it for a while, your home— as an example—may not be mortgaged for some street improvement district or other public debt unless the majority of all your neighbors, by number and by dollar valuation, vote for the mortgage. Youf liberty is protected—if you are a propertied man. But basic of all liberties are the liberties of a man's own person—whether he has a million or hasn't a dime. The liberty to eat or drink what he wants, to live where and how he desires—and to stay out of jail except for a high crime. Prohibition is evil and oppressive because, in the same country that guarantees protection to property rights the j; personal rights of all men are trampled upon. Consider the frail basis of law for this so-called Local Option. This is no vote of the whole majority of Hempstead county citizens, as in moving a county-seat or voting a county bond issue. This is a mere straw vote. If only nine men in all Hempstead county should go to the polls on March 19, and five voted dry, then those five would claim the right to put in jail any man who bought or sold a drink anywhere in Hempstead county, Arkansas. »' Is this the Christian practice of being your brother's keener—or. j,us t another manifestation of ,me,n f s tyranny and injustice, cloaked in pious words and aims? * * * ® . By JAMES THRASHER Backing Our Own Horse Few if any speeches by a prl vale citizen ever matched in political repercussions the address which Winston Churchill delivered at Fullon, Mo. II was hard lo realize that this was a retired, defeated statesman speaking, and •' not thc first minister of the British Empire. His was still the wise, eloquent, authoritative voice of experience. Thc policy that Mr. Churchill expressed is probably not too different from thai held by his successor al t,he head of Britain's government.) For Britain, bcsel by slrifc throughout her empire and by privation; at home, badly needs American help. Her interests are threatened by Russian expansion. It is an expansion both physical l and ideological, it is devious and veiled in secrecy, and it has Britain understandably worried. Mr. Churchill's blunt speech, though unofficial, came in significant sequence to the recent and almost equally blunt statements by Senator Vandenberg and Secretary Byrnes regarding Russia. It helped set the stage for what promises to be a hot fight at thc pcnd- inu UNO mppfiiiL' in 7.t>w York HOPE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 13, 1946 . \ ' ing UNO meeting in ?",ew York. Thc former Prime Minister's specific, plain-spoken advice might have been even more electrifying a week or two ago, before the stronger American attilude became evident. Now it is more of an affirmation, though expressed with less diplomatic politeness than might have been possible if Mr. Churchill were officially responsible for Ihe consequences of his remarks. Less significant in retrospect, was the proposal of a close military alliance between Britain and the Unilcd Stales. Here Mr. Churchill spoke more as an Englishman deeply concerned for Ihe future of the empire than as a world stales- man. The community of language, interest and political philosophy which binds the people of thc two nations promises to be stronger and more enduring than any written agreement, and more important than the continued operation of the Combined Chiefs of Staff or the sharing of military buses by the forces of the two governments. • Mr. Churchill professed belief in ^crliiin freedoms which arc not Kiclualitics throughout the empire, And which lie did nothing lo advance as Prime Minister. He and his suc- Stassen to Decide Today on Senate Washington, March 13— (UP) — former Gov. Harold E. Slassen of Minnesota will announce today whether he will run for the Senate .his year as a warm-up for thc Republican presidential nomina- '311. Stasscn's Republican primary opponent for the senatorial nomi- lation would be Sen. Henrik Shipstead. Shipslcad came to the Sen... , ,.,,..- -.-,- 'lo in 1923 as a farmer-laborite. cessors will surely find thai, with-i He joined the Republican party in oul a binding military agreement, 1940. The farmer-labor party has the American people will be belter been merged in Minesota with the friends of Britain as things stand Democratic party and the political now than they would be if they union is officially styled Democrat- might bc_ called upon to enforce ic-farmcr-labor Claude H. Sutton Runs for Sheriff Claude H. Button today announced he would be a candidate for sheriff and collector of Hempstead county subjccl lo thc action of the Democratic primary elections this Summer. His statement follows: "After serious consideration and after having talked with many friends throughout the county 1 have decided lo become a candi- dale for sheriff and colleclor of Hempstead County. "For more than twenty years I have lived among and worked with the people of this county and I feel lhat my conducl and business experience qualify me for Ihis office. Your sheriff is charged w/ilh two principal duties. As sheriff he must enforce the laws, handle prisoners and serve Ihe courts. With more than three years Pauley Quits Long Fight for Naval Position -® Sparks Asks Agencies to Finish Drive W. M. Sparks, Red Cross Campaign Fund chairman for Special Agencies, today appealed to all his subchairmcn of the approximately 20 agencies who have not turned in their reports, to do so. Mr. Sparks pointed out that the reports of those subchairmcn, who have reported for their specTal groups show to date thc best percentage of all contributors, who have contributed one-half of a day's pay or more; and he added that he was hopeful and confident that these groups this record. will continue As Mr. Sparks said, "These em- ployes arc nol in particularly high salary brackets and have no other means of income, and it is gratifying to find that they have responded to the appeal that all working people give one-half of a day's pay or more to the helping of our Veterans in hospitals and at home, our men in the armies of occupation or overseas wailing lo come home, our needy here, and as a backlog gcncies." The Hempstead County Teachers hold on lo Ihcir records of heading the list on Red Cross contributions. The county supervisor, E. R. Browii announces thai in one small, Iwo- room negro school alone, $35 was raised, plhor contributions are coming in from the teachers in a very fine way. Previously reported .... SI,878.00 Jell B. Graves S.S. Class (Methodist) 5.00 Dr. & Mrs. H. G. Heller 10.00 Dr. & Mrs. A. J. Neighbours 10 00 Mrs. H. B. Wolff 1.00 Mr. & Mrs. Lylc Brown 10.00 Mr. & Mrs. E. B. Price 1.00 Pilkinton, & 1 '..-. Weisenberger • 5 00 Eloise Smith l 00 Dr. F. D. Henry .... 5.00 Mr. Sam G. Roach 2.00 Dr. P. B. Carrigan 5.00 Mr. & Mrs. John Vcscy 10.00 Sgl. & Mrs. David McGhee 200 Judge W. Kendall Lemley ^,on Miss Clarice Cannon .... 2.00 F. N. Powell 10 00 Mr. & Mrs. Collin Bailey 3.00 D.OO Jewell Bible Class (Methodist) 5.00 Missionary Society (Methodist) (Additional) 7 00 82.00 experience as law-enforcement officer I know I can handle these responsibilities. As collector he is charged with handling large sums of money and keeping accurate account of same. Having been engaged in the livestock commission business in Hope for the past several years I have gained valuable experience along Ihis line. "I submit my candidacy lo the people of Hempslead County on this basis of seasoned experience, past conduct and ability, and earnestly solicit your support." o some of by force of arms. All this may sound as though the UNO did not exist. But at present the infant organization is unable to walk unassisted. It is dominated by three great powers. And to dale at least two of them have spent more lime in quarreling over its custody than in trying to guide its firsl sleps oh a straight path toward peace. America has the opportunity, and ill lasl is showing some inclination, to step in and try tu pacify lhc quarrel. Our government's policies may nol be perfect, but they do .seem more moral and disinterested than those of Russia and Britain. Slilsse » ]ican p ,. imul . y 01 . lhc November election would damage his presidential chances almost beyond repair. A whopping primary victory and election triumph would correspondingly increase Stassen's political appeal. He will be 39 next month and Shipstead is C5 years old. But they are fairly evenly matched politically. The fact thai only four .men now in the Senale have held their seats longer than Shipstead is a solid indication of the elder man's political know-how. If Stassen enters the primary, the contest will not be a sham batlle. The primary date is July 10. Mr. & Mrs. T. S. McDavitl 15,00 Hope Auto Company and Employees Haynes Bros Miss Bess Walker E. W. Copeland LaGronc Williams Dorsey O'Stcon J. S. Alchinson Herschel Rogers ... Hope Hdwe Co. . Mrs. John -Clark Earl Clifton Lucille Dildy Ruth Jones ... Carrol Yocom 12.00 Mary's Beauty Hazel A brain .. Jerry Powell .. Lois Shirley .. Edna Stuart .. Eula Janes Mr. LaGronc Mrs. R Shop' M. Annie Sue Andres J. A. Richards Mrs. J. A. Richards " Mrs. Herbert Griffin . Robbie May Dorothy Taylor Lillie Cara Bedford Eula Williamson . Eugene Williamson . Bcrthenc House Joscphone Hilower Marylon McCormick Odessa Bradley Jewel Tin-online Claude H. Byrd 139.00 35.00 3.00 3.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 20.00 1.00 5.00 2.00 2.00 2.00 5.00 1.00 1.00 2.00 1.00 2.00 25.00 3.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 .50 .35 .50 .50 .25 .50 .50 .50 1.00 Washington, March 13 — W) — President Truman today, withdrew thc nomination of Edwin W. Pauley, California oil man, to be undersecretary of the navy. Thc president acted at Pauley's request. He said Pauley's defense of his "food name," has, been "valiant and conclusive." In a letter, Mr. Truman told Pauley that he "met the challenge" .of his nomination ' "wilh facts" and added: "You answered prejudice with a complete and forthright resume oi your career and with an amazing patience under continued misrepresentation." ; The first announcement of the withdrawal came from Chairman Walsh (D-Mass) of the Senate Naval Affairs Committee after a 30-minute closed session of the group. Al ihe same time, Walsh handed reporters a statement declaring that the committee "commends''- Pauley "for his patriotic action in requesting thc president to with- CM Strike Ends After 113 Days draw his nomination. The action wound u of controversy which six weeks oiled up al one poinl in the explosive resignation of Harold L. Ickes as secretary of interior. Ickes had criticized the nomination. The White House made public an exchange of letters between the president and Pauley shortly aftei thc note of withdrawal was senl to Leslie Biffle, secretary o£ the Senate. After expressing his "full confi- " in Pauley, the president "1 shall reluctantly with- dence' wrote, draw your nomination. "Bui I shall do so not without ironical reflections," the president added. "Your honor, integrily, fi- delily to duty and capacity foi public service have been completely established. "All of these considerations anc circumstances fully justify the confidence which I reposed in . you and which prompted me to . call you to the service of the Depart- menl of the Navy. So, you stanc before your countrymen after vicious and unwarranted attacks with integrity unscathed, with ability unquestioned, wilh honor unsullied." Neilher the president nor Pauley made, .personal reference to " ' or his; testimony in the " : £ hearings. Ickes testified that Pauley had told him that he could raise $300,000 from oil men for the Democratic campaign if the administration abandoned efforts to get government title to tidelands oil areas. Ickes referred to this as thc "rawest proposition" he had evei received. Pauley denied he had suggested it. o- Mrs. Albert Black Dies; Funeral Today Mrs. A. L. Black, 76, died at hoi- home on North Louisiana street last night after a long illness. Thc funeral service was held at 4 o'clock this afternoon at St. Mark's Episcopal church, the Rev Henry B. Smith officiating, with burial in Rose Hill cemetery. Pallbearers: Robert LaGronc, Jr., Tom McLarty, Henry Haynes, Syd McMalh, L. G. Williams and Dale Jones. Born May 1, 18G9, at Helena, Continued on Page Two Ark., the former Frances Pillow Mitchell was married to Albert Lockctt Black October 19,1898, at Helena. She is survived by her husband; two daughters, Mrs. O. A. Graves and Mrs. Frank R. Johnson; two grandsons, Alberl Graves and Gerald Allison Johnson; and three great grandchildren, all of Hope. MUSEUM ENLARGED Coopcrstown, N. Y., March 13— •UP) — Baseball's museum and Hall of Fame, which has kept its doors closed lo Ihe game's im- morlals recently, will be made double its present size, it was announced loday. Now a two-story structure the shrine will have a one-story, fire-proof addition constructed about 30 feet from the present building. Granite is the hardest, moir durable stone. So You Want Nylons? Well, Here Are the True Facts and the Picture Isn't Good By JAMES MARLOW Washington, March 13 — (/P) —So you want nylon stockings? Take it easy. You're oul of luck. Enough of them to mc-et the demand simply are nol being made. And lhc manufacture of rayon stockings had dropped to a dribble. Maybe next month a steady flow of nylons will starl reaching the stores. So say the hosiery makers But they add this: You can't expect to get all thc ivlons you want anytime in 194(3. Meanwhile, big department, stores have adopted this pr.actiee: They sell what nylon stockings .hoy gel to their charge-accuunt customers, not to their "cash cus- mers. So some customers, with charge accounts in a number of slores arc gelling more than their share of nylon stockings. Others have to do without. An OPA official, in a position to know what he's talking about, says this: Thc stocking industry now is turning out less than 1,000,000 dozen pairs of nylons a month, is shooting for 3,000000 dozen pairs may not reach that goal for six months. The National Hosiery Manufacturers Association says: "A normal prewar supplv of women's hosiery will not be available lo the market or th* consumer during 1946 even after sleady produclion has been «stab- lishcd." As noted, il hasn't been eslab- lished yet. (There's no evidence lo support rumors that the nylon shortage is duo lo heavy shipments of the stockings overseas for higher prices.J Detroit, March 13 — (UP) — General Motors Corporation and the CIO United Auto Workers reached an agreement today to end the 113-day GM strike. The settlement, announced after a surprise all-night bargaining session, provides an 18-1-2 cents hourly wage increase for 175.000 striking General Motors employes in 92 plants in 50 cities. Under union rules, the strikers must ratify the peace pad before il becomes effective. Developments leading to the agreement came rapidly, and included a continuous 17-1-2-hour conference that started at 9:30 . m. yesterday and broke what had apcared to be a hopeless deadlock as thc strike entered its 17th week. Federal Labor Mediator James F. Dewey, guiding light throughout the climactic talks since Jan. 30, announced the settlement. "Thc parlies have reached an agreement for termination of the strike with respect to national issues subject to ratification of the local unions." Dewey said. "Both the international union and the corporation have urged local unions and local managements to press for immediate settlement of local issues," the mediator said. By United Press Negotialors for General Motors and Ihe CIO Auto Workers Union conferred in a prolonged session early today amid indications of a possible break in the strike, longest and most costly of the nation's labor disputes. Representatives of the company and union met with Federal Labor mediator James F. Dewey at 9:30 last night and still w.ere closeted at an early hour today. The meeting was only the second afler-midnight session of the 113-day-old slrike. The GM walkout has accounted directly for 175,000 of the 643,000 U. S. workers idle as a result of strikes. In other labor disputes: 1. The International Association of Machinists signed contracts with machine shops and shipyards in the San Francisco area, but independent machinists remained on strike in support of wage demands. 2. John L. Lewis continued negotiations for shorter hours and higher pay for the nation's 400,000 sofl coal miners. 3. Settlement of the Louisville. Ky., transit strike bogged down temporarily last night after company ana; union..officials disagreed Over which 'workers' 1 were eligible to vote in a "consent" bargaining election. 4,/ Represenlalives of 22,000 Pacific coasl dockworkers were considering a proposed 18-cent hourly wage increase, hinged on demand? for union "financial responsibility" for strikes and increased productivity. Mediator Dewey met separately yesterday afternoon with General Motors and union officials. A tight- liped silence had been maintained on the progress, of the talks. Last: night's meeting was the longest since a national conference of striking locals March 1-2 reaffirmed the strikers' faith in their union leadership. GM sessions since then had been brief affairs, followed uniformly by statements of "no progress." o- Nationalists Tighten Grip on Mukden Chungking, March 13 — (UP) — Soviet evacuation of Mukden was reported nearly complete today, and Chinese Nationalist forces appeared to hav9 a good grip on the Manchurian city despite a threat from Chinese Communist troops deployed outside, A Central News Agency dispatch from Mukden said that Maj. Gen. Andrei Kovtoun-Stankcvilch, the Soviet commander, will leave the city on Friday, completing Russian withdrawal. the A government spokesman said .here were no indications that thc Red Army's departure from Mukden was the start of a general withdrawal from Manchuria. He said the Russians had not yet set a date for that. Chinese newspapers reported .hat three additional Nationalist armies will be sent to Manchuria. The vanguard of one army lelt "rom Shanghai yesterday. A spokesman said France and -hina signed an agreement today jy which French troops will begin 'o take over northern Indo-China 'rom the Chinese garrison on Warch 15, completing the occupation by March 31. Nationalist forces in Mukden lave been reinforced by American-equipped troops moving into the city. The 50,000 Communist rops galhered outside the city lave not, yet opened an attack, but <i number of skirmishes have been •eported. Small scale skirmishing has been •eported from the Fushan coal • kr Associoted Press NEAt—Maoris Newspqper Enterprise A»s'n. PRICE 5C COPY Russian Crisis at Hand as U. S. Calls Showdown on Iran Gloria Vanderbilt Cuts Off $21,000 Allowance to Mother in Order to Help the Blind Mexico City, March 12 —(/Pi- Mrs. Gloria Vanderbill Stokowski S£) ys she has decided to discontinue a $21,000 annual allowance to her mother, Mrs. Gloria Morgan Vanderbilt, "because I am certain she can work as she has done in the past and as I am doing at present." Mrs. Stokowski, wife of symphony conduclor Leopold Stokowski, said in a statement last night that she was giving the money formerly supplied to her mother "to blind children and to help feed children who are homeless and starving in many countries." She said she had established a foundation for this purpose. She issued the statement after Mrs. Vanderbilt was quoted in New York as saying an allowance awarded her by the courts before her daughter came of age had been cut off by Mrs. Stokowski. Mrs. Stokowski gained control of a $4,364,000 fortune on her 21st birthday, Feb. 20, 1945. She was married to Leopold Stokowski in Mexicali, Mexico, 9n April 21, 1945, the day after receiving a Reno divorce from her first husband, Pat De Cicco, Hollywood actors' agent, Mexico City, March 13—(UP) — "Poor little rich girl" Gloria Vanderbilt Slokowski said today she would use her wealth to give the unfortunate children of the world some of the childhood happiness she was denied, and bluntly told : her socialite mother to go find a 3°°Her mother, Mrs. Gloria Morgan Vanderbilt, can work or starve, she Mrs. Stokowski said, however, that as long as any of her $4.000,000 remained, she would support her grandmother, Mrs. Gloria Kilpat- nck Morgan, and that her former nurse, Emma Sullivan Keislich, need never know want. The 22-year-old heiress denied angrily that her 64-year-old husband, symphony conductor Leopold Stokowski, had exercised "undue influence" on her as her mother charged this week in New York. Mrs. Vanderbilt said she was selling her jewelry because her daughter had suddenly reneged on a promise to pay her $21,000 a year when she became of age and received her full inheritance. 'When I became of age I decided to discontinue the allowance made by the court to my mother because I am certain she can work as she had done in the past, and as I am doing at the present, she said. Mrs. Stokowski revealed that she was doing all the secretarial work of a foundation she had established for needy children. "The money my mother wants Is now going to blind children and to help feed children who are homeless and starving in many countries," she said. "I have formed a foundation which is already operating." Russia Keeps UpAnti-U.S. Campaign By HENRY SHAPIRO Moscow, March 13 — (UP) The- official -Soviet press sefup a clamor against the continued presence of American troops in the Middle East today, coupling the new campaign with a blistering attack on Winston Churchill as the "number-one enemy" of the Russian people. The bogey of a joint Anglo-American "imperialist" policy in the Middle East was raised through the medium of a Cairo dispatch carried in all of Moscow's leading newspapers under the headline: "When Will American Troops Leave Egypt?" Pravda, mouthpiece of the Communist party, and the Russian army organ Red Star both gave prominent display to the Cairo dispatch, which said that 3,000 to 4,000 American officers and men were being kept on in Egypt under Ihe pretext of guarding U. S. army equipment. "Last summer wo were informed that American troops would leave Egypt before November, 1945," said the dispatch, quoting an article written in the Cairo magazine Al Mussavvar. "November, December, January and February already have passed, out the troops remain. "Various rumors circulate on this subject. It is said, for instance, that high Anglo-American politicians compel thc Americans to remain in Egypt. Also that Eng- and favors this so as to justify the impossibility of a British evacuation." Publication of the Cairo dispatch coincided wilh a flood of inspired Moscow press comment flaying British "imperialism" in general and Winston Churchill in parlicu- ar. Churchill swiflly has become the Soviel Union's public enemy No. 1. He and the British imperialists le is said to represent arc being pictured as money-hungry men trying to start a new' war against Russia. The concerted campaign against Churchill progressed another step wilh a prominent arlicle in "Pioneer Pravda," a publication read by millions of Soviet children between the ages of eight and 15. II was lillcd "Churchill Without A Continued on Page Two U.S. Military Situation Is Reviewed Washington/ March 13 — (/P)— The House military committee callec two-cabinet officers and the army's chief of staff today for more "plain talking on the world situation anc on our own military needs. Members said that is the reason they summoned Secretary of State Byrnes, Secretary of War Paterson and General Eisenhower to a closed-door-session before voting on such matters as: Universal military training legislation advocated by President Truman. Extension of the draft law which expires May 15. Stockpiling of materials vitally needed in time of war. Increases in pay of all army and navy personnel in an effort to spur enlistments. After hearing Byrnes, Patterson and Eisenhower, the committee is expected to vote on universal training and the draft extension, two matters which many members say Ihey feel musl be sellled before the committee does anything else. There is strong committee sentiment for the proposal of House Republican Leader Joseph W. Martin, Jr., of Massachusetls to delay training legislation until all efforts lo outlaw peacetime conscription throughout the world have been exhausted. While Chairman May (D-Ky) is known to be opposed to the Martin proposal and Mr. T r u m a n has called it impractical, il has galhered strength in recent weeks. There is scant support in the committee for a full year of military training as advocated by the president, although many members are sympathetic to an American Legion proposal for a shorter compulsory training period. A possible compromise advanced by some committeemen would recommend the legion's program, to become effective only after the president notifies Congress that efforts lo obtain an international ban on conscription have failed. Pending a final decision on universal training, the committee is expected to aoprovc- shortly a six- months extension of the draft, with exemptions for men with children and for all men over 30 or under 21. Saul was the first king of Isreal. Egyptian Climate All Right Says U.S.Dentist Who Thrives on It With Aid of Daily Nap By HAL BOYLE Cairo, March 1H — court. •eported from the Fushan coal Cairo, March 13 — (A'i — The 'The fools! The first thin" you inning area. 40 miles norlhunsl of | firmest advocate of Egypt's cus- know Ihey keel over and dfe of Mukden Communist forces are torn of taking a siesta during Ihe j heart attacks. 1 wouldn't mind it entrenched there. Last reports said hoi months is an American dentist j so much — everybody has not to hat the Red commander, 2hu Teh was al Fushan. Gen. A Centra! Daily News dispatch i healthy. When he is complimented rom Harbin, a Russian occupied on tlu> way ho has endured the city about 300 miles northeast of ukden, said that the Nationalist eneral Li Chao Lin has been tabbed to death. He was head of Ihe Sino-Soviel Friendship Association. A Chinese dispatch from Hanoi said that railroad traffic between I and poh-poh the siesla habit. Hanoi and the nearby port of | They . back by Chinese troops along the route. . . . , , --- ,-- -verybody has got to who has practised here for 30 Head his own life — but I have to years. He is big and heartily go to their funerals and Ihey always hold them in the afternoon. Then 1 have lo miss my siesta — all because they didn't have common sense." Cairo hotels are as crowded as those in western cities. One of the biggest ambitions of any traveler is to arrive in some city late at night and find Iwo rooms with three baths waiting for him instead of one room with four room- males and one washbowl. It is a futile hope. I ended up in a houseboat on sing ave climate he says il is all right if you learn to live wilh it. Bui you've got lo do us the Egyptians themselves do. You've got lo take a good afternoon nap. "There arc lo many Americans and Englishmen who come oi>' here healthy, active middle- , Haiphong as suspended Tuesday. ! aged men and they simply refuse H said thai 100 French troops with! to t;ike il easy when they should. 20 artillery pieces and 30 tanks While 1 am lying down in the began to move toward Hanoi Mon- ! afternoon enjoying a pleasant re- flay aftcr.noon. but were turned j freshing sleep they arc tramping : the Nile. To solve the - • • around a solf course in lhc hot sun ! shortage tourist agencies or galloping around some tennis I Continued on Page Two ous. In London, March 13 — (&)— Generalissimo Stalin was quoted tonight °u y . th e . M °scow radio as declaring .hat Winston Churchill and his - triends in Britain and the United 'remind one of Hitler and his mends." He charged Churchill was inflaming the causes of war." The broadcast, recorded in Lon- • don by the Associated Press, said Stalin told a reporter for the Communist party newspaper Pravda :hat Churchill's speech in Fulton, Mo,, March 5 was "very danger- • jus" and contained "lies" about Soviet influence in Warsaw, Bel- • grade, Bucharest and Budapest. '">' By R. H. SHACKFORt) ' ",< Washington, March 13 — (UP) — Russian - American . relations reached a critical stage today as this government asked Moscow to ' explain reports which a State' Department spokesman insisted were reliable — that new Red Army forces are streaming into 'American officials feared that a Soviet threat might be building up against Turkey and Iraq as well as __ ..___ a critical confirmation of about new^Hus- against lurKey and Iraq I 1 ' 8 ! 1 - l^TT^ 1113 ofler ed ^ test of UNO's powers to preserve, the peace. In. Tehran, meanwhile, .Iranian Premier Ahmed Ghavam said he had no official "certain rumors'' „„„- sian troop movements. He~said"he would; investigate them. Following that news dispatch from Tehran, the State Department said it was confident that is information was correct. A spokesman said it came from reliable sources and had been checked and double checked. He would not identify the sources. , The U. S. information was that three Soviet combat columns made up of armored tanks and- cavalry, were on the .move in- Iran. Instead of withdrawing the estimated 30,000 to 60,000 Red Ar.my troops already in the country, Russia is reinforcing them, according to the State Department!' The Iranian embassy here heard - , reports that some of the new Red - ar .™ v forces had penetrated to' within 20 miles of Tehran. One column, the embassy said, was re-> ported streaking toward the fron--*'" **' tier between Iraq and Iran. Both! Iranian and U. S, officials here' believed the Russians were head-* 1 ' ed for the eastern, border of TuivSf American 1 'officiais:\vere especial-*' ly concerned by-the possibility that Russia was extending her pressure to Iraq and Turkey. - „ , They made perfectly clear that the situation was grave and that they considered, it a potential threat to the peace. They were worried lest Russia convert her 'war of nerves" into aclion before the United Nations security council can deal wilh-Soviet refusal to call her troops home. The latest Russian move was revealed by the State Department last night in a statement saying it- had reports that more--Russian troops and "heavy military combat equipment" were being moved southward toward Tehran and the western Iranian boundary. The United States has sent an urgent note to Russia asking for an explanation. The sensational report forced American officials to face these' possibilities: . 1. That Soviet Russia intends to ignore, or find a way to circumvent, the American request 1 to remove, Russian troops from Iran ^immediately" according to treaty obligations. J . 2. That leftist pro-Soviet Froups in Iran, headed by the Tudeh party, may be planning a coup and creation of a government that will ."invite" Soviet troops to remain in Iran despite treaty obligations to the contrary. 3. That the Soviet government is unconcerned about its certatn condemnation by the UNO security council as a violator of international agreements. The council originally was scheduled to meet in New York March 21 but the session was postponed until the 25th "because of travel difficulties." Iranian Ambassador Hussein Ala already is preparing his government's case against Russia for UNO. It will accuse Russia of disregarding her solemn pledge to get out of Iran by March 2. By JOSEPH GOODWIN Tehran, Iran, March 13 — (fP\— Russian combat troops in full campaign kit were declared by British and other official sources today to have closed within 20 miles of vhis capital and to be moving southwest across northern Iran close to the borders of Turkey and oU- nch Iraq. The reports caused Secretary of Male James F. Byrnes to an- lounce in Washington last night .he dispatch of another note to Moscow demanding an explana- .ion. This correspondent flew over Karaj, 20 miles from Tehran, and counted 14 Sherman tanks, a bcorc of other vehicles and saw half a dozen Red fighter planes at Kaz- 'in lo the north. Premier Qavam es Sallanch, just •elurned from inconclusive nego- ialions in Moscow over the con- .inued presence of Russian troops n Iran, declared loday that no agreements were reached. Continued on Page Two The State Police Say: Will you watch for little girls and boys, Drivers in the country and town ? Really, it's one of thc greatest crimes To run a little child down.
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