Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on March 11, 1946 · Page 6
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 6

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Monday, March 11, 1946
Page 6
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^'^T/'f*-^^^^'- \ " ""r' S " - - ~*-;..<~.«->~~-. «. :*»> ! *i; i' i ' *• .•*<.• i . '7 <w»»«*wc*"]WtF«^ HOPE STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS Monday, March 11, 1946 HEMPSTEAD COUNTY TUESDAY, MARCH 19th Liquor Is A Curse! It Makes Drunks, Crime, Disease, , Paupers and Damns Souls!..VOTE DRYI FINISHED PRODUCTS! p .?£'**- 'r-'V,i.w" T *v ^•.#Si&*;. LIQUORS & SOLDIERS -V I NAN ARKNSAS TOWN... Two soldiers got drunk, ran amuck and police officers went to arrest them; the soldiers attacked the officers and both soldiers , were shot — killed. The JAPS didn't qct them; the GERMANS didn't get them; but BOOZE GOT THEM — RIGHT HERE AT HOME. HAS HEMPSTEAD COUNTY HAD ANY TRAGEDIES CAUSED BY LIQUOR? YES! AND THERE'LL BE OTHERS AS LONG AS BOOZE STAYS HERE. LET'S DRIVE IT OUT ON MARCH 19th. ^'1 if ON AN ARKANSAS HIGHWAY ... Two drunks were speeding; a police officer gave chase; the drunks side-swiped another car in which eight persons were riding, including an Army captain, who had been discharged and was cnroutc home. The car was thrown in front of the police officer's car and the captain was KILLED, and all seven of the other occupants were injured; and so was the police officer. Eight persons injured and a returning soldier DEAD. The JAPS didn't get that soldier; the GERMANS didn't get him; but "legal" BOOZE GOT HIM in an auto wreck on an Arkansas highway. Such tragedies are COMMON all over the NATION; and it is RAPIDLY GROWING WORSE, since gasoline rationing ended. The Finished Products of the Lumber Mil! are: Houses, Furniture, Church Buildings. Pews, and countless OTHER COMFORTS of LIFE. THEREFORE, the LUMBER MILL HAS A RIGHT TO STAY IN BUSINESS. The Finished Products of the Grist Mill are: Flour, Meal, etc. — BREAD — THE STAFF OF LIFE —- ESSENTIAL TO LIFE ITSELF. THEREFORE, the GRIST MILL HAS A RIGHT TO STAY IN BUSINESS. The Finished Products of the Booze Mill are: Drunkards, Thieves, Prostotutes, Liars, MURDERS and MURDERERS and DAMNED SOULS! All of the BOOZE MILL'S finished products are a CURSE ON CIVILIZATION! THEREFORE, the BOOZE MILL HAS NO RIGHT TO STAY IN BUSINESS! Be Sure to Vote Dry on Tuesday, March 19th! TO VOTE DRY, SCRATCH YOUR BALLOT As Shown Below! THE DRYS WILL ALWAYS BOOTLEGGERS! MANY'L T ANY PART OF THE LIQUOR TRADE INCLUDING ' BOOZE SELLERS ARE BOOTLEGGERS ALSO! OLD AGE PENSIONS The wets have told the old people in many counties that if the county voted dry, they would lose their old-age pensions. But that is FALSE. Old people of Hempstead County need not be one bit disturbed. Don't be DECEIVED or SCARED by any falsehoods. Your pensions will continue to come to you after Hempstead County votes DRY. Be SURE to go and VOTE on Tuesday, March 19th. To vote DRY SCRATCH your ballot as shown below. Who Wants HEMPSTEAtS COUNTY to Vote Wet? The BREWERS and the DISTILLERS OF BOOZE want HEMPSTEAD COUNTY TO VOTE WET. So do the BEER, Whiskey, and Wine SELLERS in the county, for they want to continue to MAKE MONEY off the DRINKERS. GENERAL MARSHALL calls the liquor traffic a "SORDID BUSINESS FOR THE ACCUMULATION OF MONEY." AND THAT'S CORRECT! WILL YOU VOTE IN FAVOR OF THE BOOZE BARONS OF THE LARGE CITIES AND WITH THE PEDDLERS OF THEIR POISON IN HEMPSTEAD COUNTY, OR WILL YOU VOTE WITH THE CHRISTIANS AND OTHER HONORABLE CITIZENS OF THE COUNTY AND HELP TO MAKE IT A BETTER PLACE TO LIVE? REMEMBER: IF YOU DON'T VOTE AT ALL, YOU'LL BE HELPING THE LIQUOR CROWD. THE LORD HIMSELF SAID; "HE THAT IS NOT WITH ME IS AGAINST ME." — MATT. 12:30. DON'T BE DECEIVED BY THE ARGUMENTS OF THE WETS ABOUT BOOTLEGGERS COMING IN IF THE CO.UNTY GOES DRY. BOOTLEGGERS ARE HERE NOW; AND IT IS EASIER FOR THEM TO OPERATE WHERE THERE ARE "LEGAL" JOINTS. MAKE NO MISTAKE ABOUT THAT. RECORDS ALL OVER THE NATION SHOW THAT TO BE A FACT. AND MANY OF THE SO-CALLED "LEGAL" BOOZE DEALERS ARE THEMSELVES BOOTLEGGERS. HEMPSTEAD COUNTY DRYS ARE VIGOROUSLY OPPOSED TO ALL LIQUORS, "LEGAL" OR ILLEGAL. LET'S "CLEAN HOUSE" ON MARCH 19th! Save This Page it Shows You How to Vote MARK YOUR BALLOT THIS WAY To VOTE DRY, Scratch Your Ballot as Shown Below: WITH WHICH CROWD WILL YOU VOTE? LIQUORS and YOUTH PARENTS, REMEMBER! If you vote for liquors, then in the future your son may be u VICTIM of it; he may become a DRUNKARD, or a CRIMINAL, or BOTH! You might be helping to start him to the PENINTENIARY, or to DEATH! Your daughter might turn out to be a DRUNKARD, or a PROSTITUTE, or BOTH, with her mind and body diseased and her SOUL DAMNED. Would you vote for a thing that bears such fruit as that? PRAY that the Lord may LEAD YOU AS YOU VOTE. For the sake of YOUNG PEOPLE, whether YOUR OWN or OTHERS, VOTE DRY! To vote DRY, scratch your ballot as shown below: Who Will Vote for Liquors in Hempstead County? ANSWER: The PROMOTERS of that RACKET; those who want to DRINK liquors; also the BOOTLEGGERS and OTHER LAWLESS PERSONS- BOOTLEGGERS VOTE WET! MAKE NO MISTAKE ABOUT THAT. Thieves, thugs, prostitutes, murderers and ALL OTHER CRIMINALY-MINDED persons will vote FOR LIQUORS ALL who are FOR SATAN and his ENTIRE PROGRAM will vote FOR LIQUORS. Who Will Vote Against Liquors in Hempstead County? ANSWER: ALL Christian Ministers and Christian laymen and women who CARE more for RIGHTEOUSNESS than for REVENUE! ALL who are AGAINST SATAN and his ENTIRE PROGRAM! ALL who LOVE HOMES and CHURCHES and YOUTH and GOODSCHOOLS! ALLwhoareFOR CHRIST and His ENTIRE PROGRAM! ALL THESE WILL VOTE AGAINST LIQUORS. PRAY OVER IT — THEN CHOOSE YOUR COMPANY! MARK YOUR BALLOT AS FOLLOWS A.Mortjf T.nnr_jfrTfc_ r A • v AGAINST THE HEMPSTE '. Attend the Speaking BINGEN METHODIST CHURCH 7:30 P. M. WED., MARCH 13 SAM MORRIS, Nationally known speaker He'll give you a new slant on the liquor traffic evils. 7:30 P. M. Hope Gospel Tabernacle FrL Mar. 15th —Paid Political Adv. I 1 ?! i r. I, . Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor " Alex. H. Washbunv Republicans Still Breaking Their Necks J" r ituln ":«li March 8 I was inter •<p»u r "'}, "I' 0111 , 11 " the morniiife I osl-Oii/clte, to learn thai not al Knnn II 1 " "*" "", ICV c "»'>dls Of tilt Ijcpubllciiii parly. U being UK; duty of the Opposition nil m° wllatcvcr the Adminis- nation proposes, Hie Post-Gazette apparenly was struck by the fact hat a party which has conslstcm | y ost or H y ca ,- s lnusl somehow be at fault itself. The- result was that the Post- U.izetle printed on March 0 what 1 consider lo be a line analytical editorial. Here it is; Party Harmony » Pennsylvania's Republican lead- W ilre , sll '0"S for "harmony." Gov- Gfnor Martin calls the luncheon meeting of county chairmen that agreed upon a primary slate "the Jinest political gathering I ever '' Harmony is a headache saver lor tnc politicians, mil it it isn t the genuine article, it's a sham and deception to the voters. Our quarrel at me moment is not with the effort to line up « strong state ticket. But when Republican groups invite Upton Close lo address them and accept A.'S definition of Republicanism, tti: want to throw harmony out of the Window. Speaking under the auspices of the Ml. Lebanon Council of Republican Women Tuesday night. Mr. Close expounded all his pet hales It people want to pay Ihclr money lor that sort of lecture, there is nothing to stop them. We believe in tree speech. But Mr. Close professed his adherence to "Republican principles." Some notion of his conception -Q, f those principles may be gained Aom the following: "Let us nol be Twkcn in by ihis Slassen business, which is a plot by Ihc crackpots to give America away to the rest of Ihe world. . . .Lei's gel away from Byrncsism and Stasscnism and Willkicism." Mr. Slassen believes lhat we live in One World, as Mr. Willkic did. There isn't room for both Mr. Stasscn and Mr. Close in the same party—and it can't kid the people as to which choice it will make. There are those who contend that if the Republicans just keep quiet //•id capitalize on all the gripes and grievances of Ihc population, they can win. They want to be for nothing and against everything that bothers or troubles anybody. It won't work. The Republicans have been following a negative course too long. Mr. Slassen offers something different — something positive and constructive. But Ihc party cannot endorse such a program and still find room for Mr. Close. If it tries lo compromise on imdamcntals, it will split open at •J>;«! seams. If room is provided for Mr. Close on the rear seat of Ihe ... pqrl.y.^.bandwaepn, wc_.,.ihaU ,ridc some other vehicle. " ' • -X * * By S. BURTON HEATH Now or Later There is a growing conflict between Ihe demands of American consumers and Ihose of exporters for the very inadequate supply of commodities which has begun to trickle into the market. Congressmen arc troubled by i) ci'ave of protests from constilu- '-#ils who have heard lhal Ihe reason they can't find Ihis or lhal on store shelves is lhat we are shipping it to the Hottentots—and the folks back home want such diversion halted right <iway, quick, immediately, and at once. Some of these rumors have at least a sem- Hope 47TH YEAR: VOL. 47—NO. 1*26 s '° r ° -"-'^'i: 1 .:..-—-- -.__, , m ^ __^ ConSC Work Urged Sior of HODS. 1899: Press. 1927. Consolidated January 18. 1929. Star WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Increasing cloudiness, warmer a few scattered showers this afternoon, mostly cloudy, showers tonight and Wednesday ^u me u, G 5 st a , nd south Portions tonight, Wednesday cooler. Howard Byers, chairman of the Red Cross Drive in the residential ciiMiiel of Hope, from available reports estimates today that present contributions, lack approximately $<!50 of reaching the $1,500 goal in i-fope residential section and the imiistrial workers as a whole turned! n the best reports and that he felt many persons had not been contacted, for various reasons, who would want to still make their contribution or probably make an additional contributian to put the residential district of Hope over he top. Mr. Byers makes this appeal- 'I urge all our faithful workers o re-double their efforts to reach 3 | 1 "', ff'" 1 ',, 1 .^" 1 lo !lgaln l jo!nt out nat the Red Cross's job is as great is ever to our nvjn overseas to >ur thousands of heroes in the hos- Jitals, to our veterans, to the suf- crmg peoplt generally in the war- orn world and in emergency generally. I know you who have not contributed do not want to let these [roups down, and I urge you to see Mrs. Paul Raley, Mrs. Harry Whit- vorth, Mrs. Calvin Cassidy, Mrs •lorence Bright, and Mrs. B. I, tettig or other workers, or send your contributions to Miss Annie Jean Walker. Treasurer, City Hall, Hope, Arkansas, with out fail " Judge and Mrs J. Lemlcy Harry $10.00 Southwestern Proving Ground: $10.00 Pcrsonel S.P.G. Previously reported Contributions 3/11/4(3 220.75 Total 220.75 $230.75 ...$1,647.25 230.75 $1,878.00 !•.' Hot, of merit, while others do , wotlon fabrics are in very short supply, ul least in the finished wearing product. The United Continued on Page Two Coal Wage Conference Is Begun Washington, March 12 — Iff)— A National bituminous wage con- Jercnce, requested by John L. 'J^owis for presentation of postwar <fcigL- demands, convened today. IC/.ra Van Horn, of Cleveland, chairman of the Bituminous Operators Negotiating committee, was nominated by Lewis to be permanent conference chairman. Lewis, president of. the AFL United Mine Workers, described Van Horn as having "cryed through the years "with distinction and eminent fairness to the joint contracting parties." The conference heard immediately Lewis' notice, under pro- .jjj.sions of the contract, of intcn- W'li to terminate I'.io present agreement April 1. Lewis kept secret jusl what wage and other demands he has for the mine owners, -o- Still Doubt Rail Strike to Be Averted Chicago, March 12 —(UP)— A presidential fact-finding board began railroad wage hearings today, but spokesmen for both the roads and the two unions involved believed the board may fail lo avert a nationwide rail strike. D. A. MacKenzie, vice-president of the Brotherhood of Railroad .Trainmen, said the strike may still be called if the decision of the ?y.8. not what.^the ( brotherhoods ilroad spokesmen said the roads could not continue to operate under the burden of wage increases unless rales wont up accordingly. The Brotherhood of Railroad Irammcn and the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers originally called for .a slrike to begin yesterday. Under provisions of the National Railroad Labor act, ihe strike was postponed when Presi- denl Truman appointed a fact-finding board to investigate the dispute. HOPE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, MARCH 12, 1946 Guns Smuggled Home From Battlefield Pave Way for Greatest U.S.Crime Wave By JACK STINETT (First of Two Articles) Washington—The "arsenal of democracy" already is or rapidly is becoming the arsenal for what easily could be the greatest crime wave Ihis country ever lias known. Manufacturers of lethal weapons are, making no contribution whatever to this arsenal. It's coming from souvenirs — deadly weapons from Iho world's battle fronts smuggled into this country by GIs and officers for collections. FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover warns that "hundreds of thousands of such weapons" already are chached in the United States. The armed services long ago took cognizance of the clanger, even to the extent of developing the "in- spcctoscope"—an X-ray machine .hat examines all packages and uggage for contraband, especially weapons. The Marine Corps magazine, ealhcrneck, has studied the situa- :ion and reported it in an article titled "Murderous Mementos." Police chiefs of major cities have Jladed it No. 1 on their problem agenda and recently took home with them from a meeting in Wash- nglon Director Hoover's outlines .or a scrap drive to help ward off the danger. Attorney General Tom Clark recently asserted that an "orgy of crime" already is sweeping the country, with a 12.3 percent overall increase in serious crimes last year over 1944; but 'with a 23.9 percent increase in robberies and < 17.3 percent increase in burglaries Leatherneck indulges in wha some may laugh off as a little critic fantasy — the blasting of money-carrying armored trucks with a bazooka. Don't think the armored truck companies .' have laughed it off. FBI officials here tell inc that worried questions al ready have been put to them by some of these companies. J. Edgar Hoover doesn't laugl it off either. Bazookas undoubtedly have been smuggled into private homes as souvenirs. And Hoovei and his boys remember the Brady- Shafer gang. In the park of a small Indiana town not so many years ago, thieves stole a World "War I machine gun. Some time later, the FBI, after a gun battle in Bangor, Me., captured the Brady-Shafei gang. In their arsenal was that machine gun. Hoover resents "the libel placed on the doorstep" of ex-service men that the postwar crime wave will bo due to them. He's convinced that the veteran generally is a better citizen than when he went off to war. But through unscrupulous 'hockshops,' loo-good-lo-resist offers, trades, theft and carelessness, the weapons seep down to the criminal level. That's when trouble starts for law-abiding citizens. (Tomorrow: Souvenirs and Accidents i. Salaries of Teachers to Increase 20% Little Rock, March 12 — (,T>|— A •ecord allocation of $16,700.000 for he 194G-47 public school aid budget vill make possible an average increase of 20 per cent in Arkansas eacners' salaries, Education Commissioner Ralph nounced. B. Jones an- 000. Teachers •. Railroad The new budget made yesterday increased by $3.810,000 Ihe 1045-40 allocation. The teachers salary fund, included in the budget was increased $2,670,000 to $0,200,- -^..^..v..^ salaries are fixed by individual districts and paid from local tax moneys plus the allol- menls from the teachers salary funds. "Jones said also the slale board had authorized bearing of all transpoclatioiy costs for all districts qualifying for transportation aid, which he said includes nearly all operating buses. This move will allow funds previously allotted by local districts for transportation to be used for other expenses, the commissioner said. Yamashita's Police Chief Also to Die Manila, March 12—(/P)—Col. Akira Nagahaina, one-lime chief of Gen. Yamashita's police in the Philippines, was sentenced loday to death by hanging by a U. S.'military commission which convicted him on 11 charges of atrocilies The brotherhoods demand a wage increase of 25 per cent with a minimum of $2.50 a day, and have asked for changes in 45 rules effecting their working staliis Originally, all 20 brotherhoods of railroad employees asked for the rules changes and increased pay However, 8 of them agreed to , . - --- -• withhold the rules requests and llmi on H charges of submit the salary demand to labor I conl ' Tlitlocl D - v llis men. and m a n a g e m e n t arbitration The commission said Japanese ~" " military police under Nagahama attempted to terrorize entire populations by mass atrocilies. Prosecutor for Nagahama's trial was Capt. Arnold L. Fein New York City, who in his concluding argument, described methods and aparatus used by the Japanese police to extract information and punish women .and children. boards. COCKRILL FILES Little Hock, March 12 —(UP) — J. Mitchell Cockrill, of Little Rock, today filed his corrupt practices pledge with the secretary of state for re-election as circuit judge of the sixth judicial circuit, third division. Alert Air Arm Best Insurance Against Surprise Attack, Gen. Carl Spaatz Tells Nation /r\ Glen Walker to Run for Legislature Glen Walker announced today he would be a candidate for Re'- presentativp Post No. 1 subject to the action of the Democratic primary elections this Summer. Twenty-eight years old, a native of Hempslead county, Mr. Walker completed two years at Magnolia A. & M., three and a half years al the University of Arkansas, School of Law, and entered the Army at Lillle Rock in February 1942 as a private. He completed his basic training al Fort Sill, Okla., and in May 1942 entered the Officer Candidale School at Aberdeen Proving Ground, Mel.. He was instructor in military law, and was trial judge advocate there from September 1942 to July 1943. He was chief of contract lermi- inalion .geUlements for the Cleveland Ordnance district, Cleveland Ohio, from July 1943 to Seplembcr 1944—and Ihen was claims and litigation officer in the legal branch of Ihe Cleveland Ordnance dislricl until his separatioVi from the service last month. He is a reserve captain, in Ihe judge advocate general's department Of his candidacy for Representative Post No. 1 Mr. Walker said: ' I feel thai my life and prior experience has been such lhal I know and understand the interests and needs of my county, particularly those affecting the farms schools and service men. I am looking forward to the opporlunily lo renew my interrupted association with Ihe people of this county, during the campaign, and to discuss with them personally Ihe problems which they feel should be considered by the next legislature." PauleyStilT Fighting for Nomination Washington, March 12 — (#>)— A scheduled meeting of the Senate naval affairs committee on the nomination of Edwin W. Pauiey as undersecretary of the navv ' called off today as a break appeared imminent in the six-weeks- old controversy over the appointment. A sitting of the committee, set Russia Warns She Will Go Her Own Way By EDWARD V. ROBERTS London, March 12—(UP)—Soviet Russia warned the United States and Britain today that neither the ulom bomb nor any other weapon will sway it from the "legitimate and necessary aim" of making its (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise A«s'n. frontiers secure An article in the newspaper Izvcslia government by Eugene - -[---[- — . * .j , t_..i b ii-i uj j__n.i£v;iit larle a noted academician, said that Russia intends to follow her chosen path without deviation. Il warned thai an Anglo-American Show of strength against Russia would lead the United Slalcs and Britain down a "fatal road." For Ihe second day the Moscow press and radio piled denunciation upon Ihe head of Winston Churchill and the Anglo-American military alliance he proposed as a check to Russian expansion. "The Soviet Union is firmly determined to secure all its frontiers, and in trying to achieve this most legitimate and necessary aim it will not yield to any Ihreals or any sublerfuges, nor to any art of the most modern....weapons," Izvestia said. t The article added that Russia >%vill tread its own road without turning aside, without encroaching op other people's inleresls, and Without conceding those which are its own." ''There was no direct mention of the atom bomb by name, but twice Izveslia referred lo use of Ihe '.'most modern weapons." It. drew attention lo Churchill's suggestion that the Anglo-American powers prepare the most modern weapons, then said that Russia would not be swayed by such uevices. Izvestia condemned as "dangerously incorrect" the theory that the Russians respect only force. . "Nothing could ever irritate the Russian people more than an al- lempl lo inlimidale il," Ihe arlicle continued. Then, poinledly. Izveslia said lhat il was just such an -atlempt that doomed Adolf Hiller. : "Until now those who tried to 'show srength' to the .Russian people without exception lost in the undertaking. Why then does Churchill call the two great Anglo- SiJozn nations to this falal road?" YThe Izvestia article look in even larger scope than yesterday's at lack _ speech. Pravda Izvestia on Churchill's nol only denounced the British wartime premier, but added some statements on Russian policy. ?,'We know well that the Soviet XJjjjon is, not afte_r world suprern- acV." Tarie wrote. Even Churchill does not believe "this absurdity," Ihe writer added. The arlicle warned that because of Ihe "blood freezing horrors" experienced during the war, Russia will not tolerate "even the most moderate preparation for attack on our frontiers." 'If England, popular democrat Connally Urges Big 3 Meet; Firm Stand on Russia Expected PRICE 5c COPY CIO Angered by Increase in Car Prices Washington, March 12 —f/P)— A ClO-United Auto Workers official blasted today al OPA's plans for new-car price increases, saying this means "not a bulge in the price line but an explosion." "If OPA," said Donald Montgomery, UAW consumer counsel, "plans to give price Increases to the auto industry, then they'll be dishing them out by the bucket." Montgomery made these statements to a reporter after OPA announced that higher prices are on the way for Chrysler. Ford and Hudson Cars. These companies applied for increases to offset pay boosts granted under the administration's wage-price formula Milk, butter and gasoline also are on the list of items on which pressure is being applied to OPA lor higher prices. Until the new car prices are announced for the three firms, they and their dealers must continue to sell cars at current ceilings, but they can require an agreement that customers will pay the increase when it is put into effect. An OPA official who asked to remain anonymous estimated that the price hike for manufacturers probably will not exceed three percent (or $45 on a $1,500 model), and he predicted that dealers might be required to absorb part of it Dealers' prewar profit margins already have been trimmed by OPA to prevent the full amount of earlier increases from being passed on to the public. Montgomery said that "of all industries, the auto industry is least entitled to price increases." He said OPA apparently was ignoring a provision of the policy which requires OPA to take into account an industry's prospects for increased production and lower costs. , "The auto industry," Montgomery declared, "is'-'galas to have to work hard to make less than it did in 1936-39." The stabilization formula requires a level of prices which assures at least 1936-39 profits. An OPA official made the point that the wage-price formula excludes industries operating at temporary low volume from price in- •® Washington, March 12 — (jp\ —T> Senator Connally (D-Tex) called today for a new Big Three meeting to discuss "in language clear and plain and if need be blunt " issues he said otherwise may blaze into world friction. The chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee sounded an optimistic note on future relations with Russia — provided they are based on such plain speaking. But he told his colleagues in a prepared address that Russia must understand that while she has the unchallenged right to maintain any form of government she wants, "these rights do not extend beyond j.i j-ii>5iMiiu/ jjvi-/viiui uuimjwicti- puiuiy jow volume irom price inc, intellectual England, refuses to creases as large as other industries be plunged into a new disaster be- may receive. He said this provision cause of invented phantoms, Amer- would apply in the case of the ca, which is separated by greater ---'distance than England from these ohantoms, will hardly be scared jy Churchill's prophatic exclamations." Izvestia said. Coal Strike Threat Blow to Conversion By United Press Public transportation in Louis- was ap- ille, Ky., was resumed on a par- ial basis today, bul the possibility if a strike in the soft coal fields ontinued as a threat to the na- ion's industrial reconversion. Hope was seen for an early end o the five-day-old Louisville strike tier officials of Ihe disputing unions agreed to a "consent" election lo determine a bargaining agent for employes of the city transit system. Members of an independent union returned to their jobs almost immediately, and CIO transport Sugar Will Be Scarce ^Through Year " Washington, March 12 — (/Pi— S.tigar will remain scarce the rest iif this year and perhaos into 1947, says the Agriculture Department. It stressed this despite some prospective ration increases announced by the OPA yesterday. These apply to such users us bakers and hotels and restaurants and nol lo housewives. Here's Ihc sugar ration situation: I.HOIIIC canning — .Spare stamp Wie in ration book four and By REUEL S. MODE Washington, March 12—fUP) — _!cn. Carl Spaatz, new commander of the Army Air Forces, today said that an adequate, alert peacetime air arm—having equal status with Lhe ground and navy services — is this nation's best insurance against surprise alack. The atomic bomb has so increased the effectiveness of mili- lary air power, he said, that "any future conflict will begin with air action and may well be concluded by it." In a statement on the policies of the peacetime air forces, he outlined a new organization of three strategic, The strategic air command will comprise the combat groups of the long range striking forces. The air defense command will "be responsible for the air defense of the continental United States and for Die coordination of the continental air units," including the air national guard and air re- combat air commands- defensive and tactical. .n onuiig in me committee, set mimecnaieiy, and uiu transport for 2:30 p. m. was cancelled short- ! workers scheduled a meeting loday ly before 2 p. m. N i to study a back-to-work proposal The demands of me Uniiea ivline Washington, March 12 — (UP)— Workers (AFLi, framed by the un- Lings " " ,Ldwin W. Pauiey, broad-shoul- ioil 's 200-man wage policy com- His peacetime organization ulan ' r','5 8 , Klnt of ! he California oil mittee, included higher wages, a visaged combat air groups sta-ii slue S eci hls way today into : shorter work week, recognition of ned on advanced strategic bases an 9. lllc1 ' '' oulld " r his apparently ; loremen and a union royalty on all ere they "can be noised wol'l e Il( ? ln ^ confirmation as! L ' oal produced. A deadlock on any primary military specialities or ratings. His r . envisaged where they "can be poised "\vell within reach of the war potential of any possible enemy." The mission of the army air forces in peacetime, Spaalz said, futile fight for confirmation as I coal produced ™.,^» „., „,,, navy undersecretary. I of the demands could precipitate a He arranged a return appear- ' nationwide mine shutdown April 1. ance before the Senate Naval At- ! Meanwhile, strikes and shut- fairs Committee after accusing his [ downs across the nation kept ap- aulo companies. Chrysler, Ford and Hudson .are the only firms which have applied for price increases thus far. o PeronWins Presidency of Argentina Buenos Aires, March 12 — W)— The Association of Professional and Cultural Organizations which supported Dr. Jose P. Tamborini for ^president conceded his defeat today by Col. Juan D. Peron. Peron further strengthened his fommanritng position by taking a lead in Tticuman province, until now held by Tamborini. The popular vole count was Peron 2,030 Tamborini 2,585. Peron already has captured 66 electoral votes and, should he hold lis present advantage in other dis- ;ncts, he would have a tolal of 216 electoral voles. Only 189 are leeded to win. Tamborini has won 20 electoral votes and is leading in districts having HO. His 160 total is 29 less than needed to win. Abraham Lincoln was the firsl bearded president. her boundaries." Connally called for maintenance by this country of "an adequate army, a superior navy and a superlative air force." These, he said, would back up American determination not only to resist aggression by arms, but to "oppose aggression by economic or political pressure or maneuver." Pinning his hopes on the United Nations, Ihe Texas senator said that so long as Russia, Great Britain and the United Stales "remain loyal to the obligations of the charter and adjust differences as they arise, there will be peace." But, he added, "Ihose who want peace must not commit acts that tend to provoke war." Expressing the belief that the Soviet Union does not want war, Connally said he believes mutual understanding and cooperation with Russia "are not insuperable." "Russia can have peace by supporting and cooperating with the United Nations," he declared. "Her responsibility is great because, her power is great." Connally's speech, which he said he discussed briefly in advance with Secretary of State Byrnes, carried on the newly-instituted policy of plain-speaking about Russo- American relation's to which Byrnes and Senator Vandenberg (R-Mich) recently lent their voices. It is time, the Texan said, for a new meeting between President Truman, Prime Minister Attlee and Generalissimo Slalin. He said the big five foreign ministers ough to meet frequently, too. "In frank conversations face t< face — in candid explanations, eyt to eye — in language clear ant plain and, .i[.need be", blunt, mans questions wbiiSV-'nVight^dtHcn^^ result in serious international fric tion could be adjusled," he de clared. "Such conversations would gen erate mutual convictions of sin cerity of purpose," he said. "Thej would develop confidence anc trust Like treatments in the fielc of preventive medicine, if used a the right time they iviay be able to avoid a major surgical opera tion." Asserting that enemies of demco racy will attempt to drive "wedges of suspicion and distrust into the ranks of the United Nations," Connally said its members must nol act individually but must pull to gether for peace. "We fought the war together — we must maintain the peace lo- gelher," he declared. "It is complained that Russia, not in a single and isolated instance, but in a lumber of situations in distanl oarls of Ihe earth, has revealed a aattern of conduct x x x which is disquieting and disturbing lo in- lernalional good will and harmony. "Of course, no nation has a right by the exertion of tremendous economic or political pressure to subordinate other nations to its will." o Sailor Brother Is Acquitted in Sergeant's Death .Pine Bluff, March 12 — UP) — A circuit court jury last night acquitted Robert Charles Halsey, 19, former sailor, of first degree murder for the fatal shooting of his brother- in-law, Army Sgl. James O. A«nnl of the army air corps at Ihe Halsey home here last November. Halsey and Mrs. Avant, his sister, testified he acted in self defense. iuii.ua Jl! IJLtlCL U11 le OPaalZ S'lln ».*-v. nnv.i «n,usuig ana —....~ ..^.^.^^ mi, nittiv.ni i\»_-^i a\j- "is to develop and to maintain a 9l JOI1el ,\ t s of ignoring the "basic ; proximately 642,000 workers away military air force capable of I , ls . sues of th .<-' six-week battle over irom their jobs. tnbutions. new sugar books .became yesterday for five pounds. OPA expects to validate another home.-- — ,— canning coupon in June or July for I parlments. perhaps another five pounds. ""'" " Regular house-hold -allotment — Sugar stamp 39 in book foui The tactical air command ,vm be charged with cooperative missions with the surface forces." Spaalz preferred one unified mii- ilary department with the air, ground and navy forces having , equal standing .If this is not effected, he said, there must be created an air department parallel :o the present War and Navy De- jiintittiv UH iurt'u capable of 11 • ~* *-'~ "....,,^.^.i^ ua \ ut: u \ L-J immediate, sustained and expand- , n , omil1 ation. They have dialing application of the accepted l u "« ed lhe propriety of his oil deal- American doctrine of military air ln f, s ,-, llle methods he used to power." 1t ',?ii!!^L° omoi:riltic ' cam Paign con- This air force, he continued, must "be geared tu work in close harmony with the nation's ground and naval services in discharging the joint responsibility for supporting American foreign policy and for maintaining the peuc-c." The peacetime orgai'iv.ation called for five supporting commands in addition to the three combat commands. The five subordinate commands will be: 1. Air materiel command, including maintenance, supply, research and development; 2. Training command, in charge of all except top level and unit training; 3. Air transport command providing global systems of transport communication, ;uid flight, weather, rescue, safely and aeronaut!- , cal chart servic-f.s; •!. Air univcr- sitv; r>. Air force proving ground command. i- ;;,;"" . . ' Tlle ail ' university, directly un- l ine reorganization provides forlder the commanding general of an air university to function di-lair, will provide forma] schooling .,11 „ :,. r , .-IT* .loci for five pounds through April 30. OPA says it lias no plans at Ihis time reclly under Spaatz. The university will provide formal schooling of ail air forces officers. It will give pro- I. ui-'A says n nils no pians at im lun-i-s OIIICLM-S, n win give pro- lis time to'hike the current ration .Sessional training in subjects more five pounds a person every four I advanced than studied by officers lunthj. iVi'hen they \sere acquiring their month J. jpvhen they \sere acquiring for force officers. um- Ihc prototype of the air ,...„- versity is the army air forces school. Maxwell Field, Ala., which will begin an air and alaff course in September, Proposed Strike of Farmers Gets Cold Reception Edgar, Neb., March 12 — (UP)- In the major labor developments: 1. The CIO aulo workers National Ford Council appeared ready to approve the recently-completed Ford contract for a rank-and-filc vote. The 100-man council reporled- adontcd a resolution expressing confidence in the union's ating committee. negoti- 2. The UAW's leaders, resumed negotiations with General Motors in the 112-day strike on a publicly- proclaimed note of unity in slrike ciims against the corporation. ^ i,...«n i>4_,ui 110 v 111*. I. II1|JU1UI1IMI. Vigilante | 3. A subcommittee returned to --..__, v . v v , JIIM.^O uiuiTLlilg letiiL ght attended by IHO indifferent larmers. women and children, scheduled for April 1 u "strike against strikes" in which farmers would refuse to seed their land Seven Andcrton, bushy-haired spokesman of the group's executive committee, read a statement requesting farmers throughout the country lo "withhold from seeding control" by all land under April 1. unless by that time the laiion's industrial disputes have x-en settled. Announcement of the date for a farm strike was met with indif- .... Senate labor group a watered- down version of the house-approved Case bill, providing for the establishment of a National mediation board and voluntary .arbitration of labor disputes. Postmaster General Robert E. Students, Only Egyptians Able to Hold Demonstrations, Lead Fight to Oust British Troops Pitched Battle Looms for Mukden By REYNOLDS PACKARD Peiping, March 12 — (UP) — A pitched battle for Mukden appeared probable today between 50,000 Chinese Communist Iroops massed outside the ruined Manchurian industrial center and a smaller Nationalist force, dug in and awaiting reinforcements. Reliable dispatches from Mukden reported that an additional 40 000 Communist troops were con- verging toward Mukden. A Central News Agency dispatch from Harbin, 315 miles to the northeast of Mukden, said that more than 10,000 Communist troops were assembled 15 miles outside the city, readv to move in if Russian troops vacate it. There was little optimism here over a political selllement of the Communist - Nationalist dispute and heavy fighting seemed probable. Nationalist commanders had an estimated 120,000 troops in southern Manchuria available for battle .there were only 15,000 stationed in <u e i vestern Part of Mukden when the Russians began their withdrawal during the weekend, but reinforcements from nearby areas were being called in. The Nationalist forces held the main part of the city, and the Communists were drawn up on the outskirts. Reports from Mukden said that the Russians officially notified the Chinese Nationalists of their withdrawal Monday afternoon. They handed over five barracks buildings, an airfield and six factories. The Central News Agency said that Lieut. Gen. Andrei Kovtoun- stankevich, Soviet commander, was remaining in Mukden with.' some troops. Information available at' Gen," Jr'Tv"? ^aPfs's*" 6 )** - •fat flclJ'"heaK*fctrters 'here was v lnac the Russians would keep a large detachment of railroad guards to protect Soviet communication and. transportation interests on the route to Dairen and Port Arthur. Based on mv recent visit to Mukden, I would make an estimate that 32,000 crack frontline Russian troops withdrew from Mukden; All fought in the Ukrainian army from Stalingrad to Vienna. . A Central Agency dispatch dated ^hinchow reported that 3,000 communists atlacked Chienchang in Jehol province, capturing a suburban fortress. Communist troops were reported on the move in other parts of Jehol province. The Chinese Reds massing around Mukden were reliably reported to be under the command 9,, the ace Red commander, Gen. •hu^Teh. Their movements could of ----- -~... -.*.!_** jnu v crjueiiis be observed from the center Mukden By HAL BOYLE Cairo. March 12 —(.4V Students » .-,•.... t . ,3 L \~ i \_ii_ijuiui Aiuutri i p,, Hannegan conferred with Democratic Senators on administration efforts to obtain enactment of a bill without delay. UNOPPOSED — H LOST ..,-, ..>viiv.ii t u (,T i - I.JI L4VJW II IO from 15 to 25 years old form the stiffening backbone of Egypt's demand for "total independence" from British influence. One of their most influential spokesmen is Mustappha Momcn, 23-year-old architectural student at Fuad University in suburban Gia/ A slender youth of medium height with a thin black beard and dark, 'ntense eyes, Muslapha looks more ike a divinity student than a firebrand orator. Yet he has led thousands of students in the last five demonstrations in Cairo, some of which have ended in fierce rioting and bloodshed. He is the current "Patrick Henry" of Egypt's youth. Mo men i Moslem 13 ,, an ovganix.ation of growing power which ultimately aims at political '•' '-• "' ' from Casa- ..vw. J..AWI >_ u IU1 ! J UU UJ. audience left when contributions were asked. ( Load crayons were used by the /lecs M the time of Cortex, :un was unopposed for voters went to the polls Mondav. All three sci • • • name and v Townsend, a He believes forthcoming negotiations between Egypt and Britain will fail and says that if the UNO lakes nol steps security council toward re "Since 1882 the British have promised 20 times they would evacuate their troops from Egypt," he told me during an interview "bul they have never fulfilled their promises. "For 64 years Egypt has been occupied by these foreign troops and they always create fresh reasons for staying." It is difficult for an American to realize the 'difference between students here and college boys in the United Slates, who are more likely to get injured crowding around a ticket boolh lo buy tickets on the 150-yard line for a homecoming football game than by stopping a bullet in a political riol Momcn explained their function"Our nation is divided inlo three nam classes — farmers and workers, students, and government officials. "The farmers and workers must labor every day lo earn a livin- and aren't well organized Thov can t continue demonstrations because they must work to live The government officials are forbidden by law from dcmunslratinii "Only Ihc sludcnls i T- , Pih Se »e commands he Nationalist force in Mukden When I talked to him in Mukden a few weeks ago, he said his troops were ready to deal with the Cotn- nunists "if they try to challenge our authority." Under his command General p eng has large numbers of Ameri- an-lrained Iroops, armed almost entirely with mechanized- American equipment. When I left Chinchow a few days ago, 1 passed a wreck where Communists had derailed a Na- ionalisl train, smashing more than dozen American trucks and am- 'Ulances beyond repair. When the Russians began evac- atmg Mukden, they sounded all actory sirens. Nationals quarters uggested that the Russians were giving the Chinese Communists utside tne city a pre-arranged sig- al that the evacuation had begun. Many of the Communist troops utside Mukden are from the -ighth Route Army. They have ttle artillery, bul are well quipped wilh rifles and machine- - o - Winn, Director of Veterans Office, to Speak in Hope Liltle Rock, March 12 —(/Pi- James A. Winn. state director of the veterans administration, will speak before a meeting of the Arkansas branch of the American Veterans Association at El Dorado tomorrow night. Winn said he also planned to inspect the Va sub-regional office at Texarkana and would visil con- lact units at Camden. El Dorado, Hope and Malvern ami thp guidance center at Ouachita College. Arkadeiphia. A critic observes that there are few men with whiskers in the novies. We're observed that a lot of them are being used on the lots. The State Police Say: and Will vou watch lor little and boys, Drivers in the country town? Really, it's one of the greatest crimes To run a little child down.

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