Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on March 6, 1946 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Hope, Arkansas
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Wednesday, March 6, 1946
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,V" ;"'.':.••'- : '-'' •"••'-'.'•. " : :!v" '.'.'' -.V;" ' ' '•"" Page MOFI STAR, HOPI, ARKANSAS TuetiJay, March I, If * Report German Women Live in U.S. Compound quarters compound Here. jto "live" with American ofticcrs He said the army was not goin^uit tlio compound, to raid officers quarters, but if j The letter, written bv a British individual eases were reported the i girl and published in 'the army army probably would take "strict I newspaper Slavs and Stripes said disciplinary action" for conduct i in part: unbecoming gentlemen. A h\a\\ officer suid. without per- Why allowed should German to live in the girls be By RIHARD O'REGAN Frankfi.tr!. Gormany, March „ ... ... v compound i mission to use his name. that! with American officers'.' I know of |i.n-io prooabjy were do/ens of; several instances and if necessary women spending one or nv»-o ! would lead officers to men I eon- |muhts within the closely guarded sicl-r to be mlten to the core. enclosure which contains army; "Maybe they have not lost anv girls are aii'jw>.i.i | Col. L. ~ jsas City, ' pean UK To spotlight your suits for the iiu;Spring! A scenivstcal- rayon-crepe lucked front dickey with a jmarl bow for 'under yont chin, a spun-. , rayon smartly styled "Suitor'' that buttons neatly al the sides, a scalloped front how' ,tie rayon broadcloth, a drawstring eyelet rayon and many others just as smart, in white, and Spring colors, Curtis Tiernan of Kan- chaplain for the Euro- ter, s:iid the letter revealed the "prevalence of loose- ress and immorality, and the gen- ••i;ii breakdown of army discipline in .Europe." .-uiotiuM' chaplain said he was "glad the .scandal has come at last i:u>> i!H': open." Officers and civilians living in the compound, a barbed wire enclosed area of several square- miles which v, us formerly a part of the I. G. Karben industries., are permitted lo lake girls into the com- I'"'IM,) .uiyli'i'i' except between 10:130 p.m. and 11:30 a.m. .ends gins arc permitted to but, the compound. must leave Monday morn- j in;; An ollitcr must sigh his guest iin and out. Guards said these or: di'f.< cattie from the headquarters .command. ' The retristi-i" showed thai gucsls ' were signed in Saturday night l by IliO civilians and officers "in- I cludins ranks as high as lieutenant i colonel. Arkansas Veterans Returning to U, S. Due in Now York on the steamship Hampden Sydney today: Johnson, Daniel A., Benton Hunt, Silas H., Sgt., Texarknna. Scot, John L.. Pvt., Prcscott. Due in New York on the Lewiston Victory: Trammel, Calbin S., T-5 Hot Springs. Howell, Grady E., Cpl., Benton. Wilson, Travis, L., Cpl., Magno- Adams, Morgan, S-Sgt, ~E1 Dorado. Due on the Smith Victory Mon- Morgan C., Pfc., El Do- Fikc, rado. Gibson, :ity. Gould, lly A., P Travis B., Pfc., Star H., Pfc., Bauxite. r,- ., ., . Handlin, Alford S., Pfc., Hot Springs. HUMAN NATURE < Seattle, March 1 —(/p)— sifin Painter George Hoch always paints the first "N" backwards in his "no P r'f ," g u signs ~ for Psychological effect, hc explains. . Sign-saturated motorists who get into the habit of ignoring the painted notices are snapped to attention by the wrong-way "Np," NHoeh claims. Hc says he makes the sec oncl 'N ' in the standard fashion bs ° th ;>t people will know I know !?SL!?S n 2!_ and . t h.en put .a cord I HO, to to UNO Police Force Soon By EDWARD E. BOMAR ' Washington. March '1 —lA't— The | number of men. ships and planes ithis conntrv may be willing to con- i tribute to UNO's international po- |lice force is expected lo be de- I cidcd tentaiivelv within the next j two weeks i Present indications arc that the i emphasis will be on warships and } aircraft, rather than on troops ; The question is in the hands of j the joint chiefs of staff. This group I of top army-navy leaders is due to : come up with some kind of an answer before the March 21 meeting in New York of the military staff jcnmmiilee of UNO's Security \ Council. i Composed of representatives of I the Big Five — the United States, ! Great B:itain. .Russia. France and i China-— the military staff committee will be faced at the outset with the problem of determining the size and makeup of the force with which the United Nations will un- ertake to "maintain or restore international peace and security." Persons close to the American members of the committee said i they have not yet received any in- istructions from the joint chiefs of staff but that they expect some Iwoid in advance of the New York i meeting. | M:.esij persons, who declined to j be identified by name, noted that | at the recent UNO session in Lon- Iclor. Ihe military staff members held mere organisation meetings, leaving the real problem of the peace enforcement forces for the New York gathering. -- o -K 'EI ills ' Sunday School Leader, Singer By ROBERT T. LOUGHRAN ISloomington, Ind., March 4. — 'UP) — A Ney.ro handyman confessed today that he killed Russell E. Koont/., a Sunday school leader, and Mrs. Phyllis Coleman, a choir singer, when he found them in a lovers' rendezvous at an old slone mill last Friday. State police at Indianapolis disclosed tne confession ot Joseph Luther Woolridge, 21), who was trapped by footprints which investigators found at the scene of Ihe slaying'. 'ine victims were beaten and .Uianu'.l'.'d and ihrown into a pit of the abandoned stone mill. Kpuniz, -13, was a successful businessman, who was married and childless. Mrs. Coleman, 33, v.i.i;-.uct in ;• creamery company office and sang with Koont/. in the em;ii- ui the clear Creek Christian church on Sundays. Their romance outside the church had been the cause 01 gossip among members of the con^rui'.ation. \VoolridKC signed a two-page confession. lie. udmiUud strangling liVlis. Coleman and Hitting Koontz | with ;; window sash weight. | A char 1 :.!.' of murder was filed i agaiiibt Woo! ridge almost irnmedi- ; ateiy, and Circuit Court juoge mis line lOi.st summoned a session oi : the yri:nd jury lor Wednesuay u. I consider a request for un indict- rm m. At almost the same time Wool ntii.u was siviinng nis confession. HmcTui services were being hch lor Ki.oiii/. in the church where hit, acciuuinlancu with Mrs. Colcmar grew into an infatuation. Five.- hundred persons jamtnec into the chu;'ch and that many moie .-:ti».;(i outside during the serv ice.-, wmch lusted only nine mill me..;. ii.u Rev. George Wyatt describe;! Koontz as a music lover iriendly, "and, as was pointed ou lo rue by A'lrs. KounU, a devolec Kmiily man." VVuohinge. who \vas arrest- f-d yi-'S'.vrua'y, said lie discovert-! the couplo la a romantic interlude ui the mill while he was hunt n. i; g: u'.inai.uga. lie tlircw the win u-j.v \',v:t;ht at Koum.'. when the cmuch Juaacr "iungc-'j al me," hi. around her neck." He said he held the about five minutes. cord for We, the Women By RUTH MILUETt NEA Staff Writer Throw back your shoulders and stop worrying about n lew gray hairs, you women of over-30 who hnve long been sold a bill of goods about youth being beauty. A man whose business depends on his ability to know beauty when he sees it, Walter Thronton, head of New York model agency, has sttuck his neck out to name his choices for America's 10 most beautiful women of different types and not one of them is under 30. American women need that en- courngmont if they arc ever td be able to settle dowri lo being women instead of trying to be "girls" until they are in tneir 60s. They need' to be encouraged to believe that there is nothing shameful about birthdays after a woman has had 20 or so of them. A woman of 30 or 40 can never look like a girl of 20—yet she has been sold on the idea thai it is her "duly" to manage it, by Ihe use of this soap or that cream. LOSING BATTLE And so the American woman who has the time and money to fight age, fights a losing battle to hang onto youth when she could be using her time trying to mac herself inlo an altraclivc, charming woman rather than In trying to remain « girl indefinitely. That is why she spends so much more time on her looks than on her mind: why she has time for facials when she has lime for an outdoor sport; why she often has no greater variety of outside interests at 40 than she had at 20. If American women would rebel against the idea that they have p up rm eternal slrngRlc to be girls, the faces of the women you see on the street wouldn't so often have hard, strained, dissatisfied expressions, that no amount of the proper foundation cream can ever cover up. Barbs By HAL COCHRAN The average man doesn't stare at women's clothes—unless women •are in them. You're missing a bet when you let constructive criticism tear down. you Metal fasteners for women's clothes are coming back on the market. Now maybe the wife will snap into it when getting dressed. There's no safe gamble hi the world, says a writer. Except that of taking a chance on yourself. A Wisconsin man broke the jaw of a peeping Tom. The vlclim will recover but we doubt it he'll ever look the same. Piles! Ow!! -But He SMILES, Now Be wise as hr. wns. Use tmme formula used by (Imlnri mljunctlvclv nt noted-Thornton & Minor Clinic. Surprising QUICK palliative relief of pain, Itch, soreness. Helpa soften nnd tends to shrink swell- 'Ing. Get tube Thornton & Minor's Ilecta Ointment—or Thornton & Minor Iloctnl Suppositories. Follow label directions. If not delighted with this DOCTORS' way, low coat refunded on request. At all good drug stores everywhere —in Hope, at Gibson Drug. So They Say When our wounded worn In hospitals overseas the Red Cross was there. Now that they're In hospitals here at home, the Red Cross i sslill with .them. Though the war is over, our men need the Red Cross as much as ever. —Maj-Gcn. Norman T. Kirk Army Surgeon General. The vital atomic factory in the United States has never been seen by a single British, let alone European, scientist. Unless we are able to break down this grirn Curtain concealing one nation's work from another, suspicions will grow' between as lo mnkc Irrational And talnnblc the hope of ah peace. Harold J. task!, British Party chairman. It Is time for us to Indlt...^™.^ the hungry people In other lJna|S that we are nclually do something for them. —Agriculture Secretary Cl P. Anderson. v mi •'!.<' '-L.—. Poop1*>.\vl1b. refuse up help will lose our friendship for orations. *; —SlntSinVi "Ramamurlhl, Indji food advisor. £f OUR LABEL on a PRESCRIPTION it like "STERLING" ON SILVER Fresh Drugs • Registered Pharmacist • Prescriptions Double Checked We've Got It WARD & SON Phone 62 The Leading | Druggist CYNTHIA* SANDALS T-strap or Cross-strap, it's "straps ior. spring." Delightfully young in patent leather with perforated peep-holes. 1 Give your feet the run of your shoes with few restrictions.— irj u Sandal! •Kejf. O.S. Pat. OS., lhal lie chancuc lUr;,. Coleman ii a:id the i.:au raised LIJ scram'." asn't Hoing to move for Woolrid-c- taid ui/on Jkuoiii/. and 111 c ; i. j! i an'J ,-;tj'... "ii H J hnii.' v.'uolrid^c. b'aitl. "He tishcd 11:0 U I knew him. Hc suiu tu ji'if: 'iuu won't tell, wil you'.' "Then he. started after me. duck''.! i.!.••:." Wool. i;.'Xo :-.aid he then picked the. v.'!:.(.,i.v. v.eij.;:'it and mrew it iii.ii!],- i\ '...li 1 ./ HI uic ncud. ik . ::.:.{ ''.:•: "realized" He. h l-.iii-M'i K..•',!•!,•.. Ti.u'h, lie said, Mrs "u na>. -iic j ou a'-iing to do tc JJ.OV" "j l.iti ;:•._!• 1 wa^ going to U c.±,, \', OLi;'i'.i^'j said. "I tiec ETERNAL VIGILANCE IS THE PRICE OF LIBERTY A VIGOROUS PROGRAM OF ACTION ...to PROTECT our Free American Way of life and ...to END the activities of those who would destroy it! In 1944-118,000 Voters Passed The "Right To Work" Amendment To Our State Constitution — —yet in flagrant violation of one of this Amendment's provisions that payment of union dues shall not be made a condition of employment, two workers were recently dismissed for their failure to pay union dues. With mortgages or homes and automobiles, four dependent children and blacklisted from employment in their home cities, their plight is deplorable. We Will immediately investigate ,.the situation and render them every assistance {•possible in their effort to uphold the constitu- , «;tion of Arkansas, <. "• -..v. u v ;: . •-. • • In 1945-A Strike At A Local Mill Involved Violation of Arkansas' Anti-Violence Law —defense of those guilty of violence in Little Rock's recent mill strike has drawn an imposing array of "foreign" labor lawyers to this city. This Association pledges active and unrelenting aid in the legal prosecution of these . hot heads whose criminal activities resulted . in'suffering' and blood-shed to men exercising their constitutional right to work. In 1946 - U. S. Labor Secretary Sharply Assails Case Bill Passed by House; Warns Senate Committee — —Apparently becoming convinced that something must be done to remedy inequitable labor relations, the House passed the Case bill, providing in part; a penalty for violence in strikes; enforceability of contracts in courts of law or equity; 30-day waiting period; prohibition of boycotts. Secretary Schwellenbach, commented "this is no time for any measure that could possibly upset our established system (?) of dealing with labor relations". This Association will emphatically urge the Senate to concur with the House on the passage of the Case bill. • ' ' , ' ' : J In 1946 - The Pepper Amendment to the Wage-Hour Law would Create a Politically Appointed Dictator over 20 Million Wage Earners — —This Association definitely opposes the Pepper Amendment—NOT as minimum wage legislation—but as a vicious attempt to set-up a political czar with irrevocable power to move any group from unskilled to skilled classification .... to establish industry or nation-wide wages for any group at any differential above unskilled workers minimum he may see fit. We are unalterably opposed to these measures and will use all facilities at our command to prevent their passage. In 1946 - FEPC Is Not Dead! Powerful Minority Groups Continue to Insist on its Reinstatement and Passage in Congress —In 1946 Senator Morse said he would bring FEPC to the senate calendar at recurring intervals. This bill is not dead. Powerful minority groups continue to urge its passage. It would strike down liberty of contract in denying to an employer the right to choose his own labor; it would provide regimentation of business large and small to an extent heretofore undreamed of. Continuous forceful action is necessary if we are to make permanent the defeat of this bill. To that end we pledge our unremitting effort. In response to our President's invitation, this group recently published'a full page "Open Letter To Our Representatives in Congress" .... similar groups in 51 other cities, in 17 states requested over 20,000 copies for similar use. If you believe, as we do, that insidious forces are at work in our State and Nation; that the public is the new "Forgotten Man", that FEPC is inherently wrong; that a "Planned Economy" contemplates further regimentation; that a continued inflation to meet excessive "wage demands portends economic disaster; that we need and must have good men in our State and National legislative bodies; that a return to Constitutional Government is imperative; in short, if you believe we need adhere to fundamental Americanism, then we need you and you need us, so together we. build a greater Arkansas. « -.'. You Are Invited To Participate In The Arkansas FREE ENTERPRISE Ass'n Inc!* r A Non-Prof it Educational Organization of Arkansas People OFFICERS: LAMAR WILLIAMSON, Pres., MARK VALENTINE, v-Rres., w. N. STANNUS, Secty., j. H. GRAIN, Treas., GUY CAMERON,.Chmn. of Bel., JOHN L. DAGGETT, Executive Director and General Counsel. DIRECTORS: RICHARD L. CRAIGO, Hot Springs; A. B. COBB, Keo; MARK VALENTINE, Scott; j. H. GRAIN, Wilson; John L. DAGGETT, Marianna; LAMAR WILLIAMSON, Monticello; GUY CAMERON, Little Rock; CHAS. L. WHYTE, Pine Bluff; W. N. STANNUS, Little Rock; JACOB HARTZ, Stuttgart; Wm! W. LEIGH, Little Rock. v ' -' '••' ' .:'!,. , i Temporary Address Post Office Box 532/ Marianna/ Ark. .. )bf •II <M Voice of Opinion 'By S. Durton Heath^•'•4 ^ vandcnbcrg's Stature Grows >' .ieldom indeed in American pol- ''••' K,«? "T , lnc , U '"P»>'d change I « hpots. And when occasio-iallv the ' phenomenon does occur, U aim si ) invanably is accomplished w in the unmistakable reluctance „[ t e w±h M hu> Wi " dli ''« »'« wa i . ± ',!?, V"'* 1 ;. to**, has no A u i,"' 1 !-)' " 10 slol '- v " r Senator A . "",";.' Vandenberg is such an nesistibly fascinating one It's , truly incredible that this man, so / recently an Old Guard, isolationist die-hard, should in a few short years have experienced the metamorphosis which renders him today one of the nation's most re- spectd liberals and international, isls. Ihe circumstances altendinr and facilitating the change were or course, extraordinary. Hut then Mr. Vandenberg was no run-of-the- mill conservative. He was unquestionably acknowledged by the Old Guard as one of its key figures, and as such was twice' seriously ') considered for Ihe Republican Presidential nomination. Yet today hc walks, earnestly and eaucrly. with Senators Stasson and Hall in the vain of the powerful GOP liberal faction And once again searching eyes see in him Presidential potentialities. Mr. Vandenberg, it seems to us. took on new political stature in his recent report to the Senate on the first United Nations Assembly, to which he as an American delegate contributed much. Identifying "the vi future of UNO as inseparably inter- w locked with the progress of U. S.- Hussian relations, at present grossly unsatisfactory, he called unequivocally for reciprocal candor—even blunlness—as the sole means of securing a harmonious ing between the two powers. The senator definitely has something there. The Russian nationalist imperialism which has precipitated one international crisis after another these past months, however reprehensible and unwise it « Continued on Page Two Hope Star WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: .Clearing and cooler this afternoon, fair and colder, lowest temperature 32-36 northwest portion tonight, Thursday fair, slightly warmer in afternoon. 47TH YEAR: VOL 47—NO. 121 Star of Hooe. 1899: Pratt, 1927 Consolidated Jonuarv 18. 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 6, 1946 Hope Gets $1,300,000 SPG Airport The City of Hope has been issued a temporary permit transferring the $l,;i<j(),000 airport at the Southwestern Proving Ground according to a wire to Mayor Albert Graves from Representative Orcn Harris following is a cony of ihc wire: Hon Albert Graves Mayor Hope, Ark. The war assests corporation today approved temporary permit transferring airport to the City of Hope. Instruction being forwarded to Chief Engineers War Department for issuing certificate and authority of entry which will be issued to you by the District Engineers - Of- lice next few days. Regards— ORKN HARRIS" MC The industrial area of the grounds has been eetrified the Little Rock office of the Surplus Property Division of the Reconstruction I- inancc Coporalion which will ultimately turn it over to interested industries. The agricultural portion of the grounds, which are safe for use, have been placed in Commodity Credit Corporation hands disposition. Some of the area, Red Cross Fund Now $704.85 , Everyone is urged to give to this worthy cause. The American Red Cross had done a magnificicnt job CJ and deserves the support of every cilly.cn. Unless contributions come in faster and in larger amounts. Hcmpstoad county will fall far short can be released. of il's quota. Contributions reported today brought the campaign total to $704.85. Here are the donations: Crescent Driig Co $10.00 Mrs. Lauderbach 1.00 Ima Jean White 1.00 Dolplius Whittcn 1.00 i 13.00 Erie Ross 5.00 Rob Jones 5.00 • •. ,. Hose Harric 3,00 Ideal Furniture Store 10.00 Riley Lewallen 1.00 Woman's Circln No. 1 Methodist Church .... 0.00 Clyde Fritz 1.00 Pher-kereH Cafe 15.00 Pauline Tyner 1.00 June Higguson 1.00 Harry Hawthorne 5.00 , Mrs. Johnnie Green 1.00 D. B. Russell Jr 1.00 Basil Glenn 1.00 Tebo Simpson . 1.00 Mrs. Harry Hawthorne 1.00 G. A. Hobbs 5.00 Mrs. G. A. Hobbs . . 5.00 Pearl Blaekwell 1.00 W. S. Sexton, Jr. . . . 1.00 C. T. Buckley 1.00 21.00 17.00 10.00 Faint Hope of Averting Phone Strike Washington. March G — (UP)— A Klimmer of hope that a nationwide telephone strike might be averted appeared today as a top official of the American Telephone & Tele| graph Co. came here to join conciliation conferences. When the marathon conferences recessed for lunch, a department spokesman said that A T T Vice President C. F. Craig would join the afternoon session. Craig is the company official in charge of industrial relations. Informed sources said that his trip from New York to Washington could mean a new company offer to avert the walkout, now set for 0 a. m. tomorrow. Edgar L. Warren, federal conciliation director, told reporters that lie was unable lo say whether progress was being made but that hc wanted lo talk to .some additional people on both sides. ,,ln New York. .Jlenry Mnyer'i counsel for the National Federation of Telephone Workers, said the strike was "inevitable" regardless of what hapcns here. He said the federation was resolved to strike if any one of its members is lacking a contract by C a. m. tomorrow. In a speech here, Donald R. Eich- bcrg declared that strikes like the threatened telephone walkout are "criminal conspiracies that should be dealt with as insurrections." The former NAR administrator said a telephone strike would be u crime under Ihc section of the criminal code dealing with conspir- Bob Elmore 5.00 1,. J. Purtle 1.00 Wyano Ward 50 >-'Clyde Messer 10 Homer Taylor .50 I. S. Williams 1.00 Delhi .loan Marlar ... 1.00 John Doyle Flowers .... 1.00 Vera Williams . . 1.00 James Johnson D 00 Kroner's U5.UU — 13.00 Rarwiek Electric Co. L. If. Tooley Victor Cobb j 'Hen J. Owen I.eland Roberts L. D. McMurry . Millard Nix Qua McAdams Mrs. Hoxie Baker .... 7.10 3-1.00 Threatened Telephone Strike Would Be First National Phone Tie Up in History By JAMES MARLOW Washington, March 0 —(/I 1 )— Tomorrow's threatened telephone strike would be the first national telephone lie-up in history. This is Ihc ABC of it: The National Federation of Telephone Workers (NFTW) claims 2!iO,()00 members, such as telephone operators, r e p a i r m c n, clerical workers, installers, linemen. That national federation i:: made up of 51 local unions. (Some of these locals also call themselves federations whether they operate in several stales or just in one city.) Of Ihe IJ1 local unions, only 17 would go on strike directly. The other 34 would support them by staying away from work this way: by refusing to cross picket lines thrown up by the striking 17. Those 17 claim 150,000 of the National Federation's 250,000 members. So 150,000 would strike. What of the remaining 100,000? Perhaps most, but not all. would stay away from their jobs. The reason some might go to work is this: they'd be working in localities where the striking 17 nad not thrown up picket lines. At least, this is how the federation explains l-SWUIl V-Wl IU L.H. ll_U W 1 111 <J IVWU I tl £>\.' of companies which are part of Bell Telephone system. The par it. been conducted with about a score the parent company is the American Telephone and Telegraph company. (The federation has contracts with some independent companies and these would not be involved in the strike.) But this is how the dispute started: Last December the National Federation's 51 local unions met in Milwaukee and decided to ask for a raise of $2 a day. They met in Memphis in mid-February to see what progress they had made. They found: Perhaps a dozen local unions had settled their wage demands for increases of 7 1-2 lo 20 cents an hour; some were still bargaining with their employers; the negotiations of others had broken down. It was then that the 17 local unions, which already by law had given the government 30-day notice of intention to strike, decided to strike March 7 at G a.m. it< each locality if they had not reached a sell lenient. The 17 also agreed that none would close a deal until all 17 had reached agreement this V, , , , r , , „_„ ,, .iUlH-HVU U^l fUIllCIU dllllUUgJ! llllfc But the federation s 2oO,000 mem-1 didn't mean, so the federation says, bers are not all the telephone work-1 that all 17 would demand the same ers in this country. There urelj others who belong to unions increase. connected at all with the National Federation's 51 local unions. Whether those independents would support the striking unions remains to be seen. But this is what the national federation says would happen, once the strike started: All long-distance telephone operations in the 48 states would cease; most non-dial local telephone .service would be discontinued; operation of dial phones would depend on how well they could be kept in repair; some telc- nol | Then the remaining 34 agreed to tyoe systems and overseas end. would be affected: telephoning would The union says emergency calls could be handled by supervisors who are not members of the federation and therefore would be on the job. The federation's main nego- „., „ „ „„,, tialions lor increased wages have service in 48 states. support the strikers. Some of those 34 couldn't go on strike because they hadn't filed 30-day notice, or had reached a settlement ,or had unexpired contracts which prevented a strike. The wage dispute getting the most publicity now is that of the long-distance operators — their union is called the federation of long lines telephone workers —who demanded 1!! 1-2 cents an hour more than the American Telephone and Telegraph Company. The company offered 15 cents. This union has operators in 42 slates. It's a big union. Another big one in the group of 17 is the association of communication equip ment workers with members in 48 slalcs. So a strike by only those two of the 17 which called a strike for tomorrow would affect telephone HopeC.'ofC. Meeting.Zp. m. Thursday The Chamber of Commerce iir nounccd today that*" Mr. H. A Daughterly, President of the Ark- adclphia and Mr. Chanroer of Commerce H. W. McMillan of thai 11.00 n.oo 2.00 i.oo Thrash Firestone Store W. H. Thrash . Lucille McCormack ... Foster's Family Shoe Store McRae Hardware Co. . •Mrs. Merrell Atkins .... Morgan it Lindsey .. . J. Black Wilma Harlsfield Gladys Cobb Mavis Cornelius Virginia I .a f forty Roxie Walkins Claudcll Rosenbaum ... T'Yrrcll Haker Hoy Stevens Rae Luck Coniinued on Page Two 5.00 H.OO U.OO 2, r >. 00 1.00 1.0(1 n.oo 1.00 ~ 1.00 34.00 u.ou 5.01) .f)0 10.50 20.00 5.00 1.0(1 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 LOO fi.no 1.00 Charlie Griffin Denny Pulman P. ,1. Drake G. W. Moore Gen. Keith Newt Pentecost raullins Grocery John l-fecse 'Cha.s. A. Armitage Annie Jean Walker C'has. F. Revni-rson Mrs. K. J. McCabe .. 'Mrs. Clvrie Hill Miss Elsie Weiscnberyer Wesleyan Guild iMc'tliodisl Church i 1.00 1.00 U.OO 12.00 ... 10.00 .. 1.00 .. , r ).0() . 5.00 ... 1.00 . 1.00 23.00 ... 10.00 .. 5.00 3.00 .. 2.00 .. 2.00 2.00 2-1.00 Price Control Off Light Bulbs, Some Musical instruments Washington, March G —(/!>) —OPA today lifted price controls from electric light bulbs and all musical instruments except radios and phonographs. It also discontinued price ceilings on snow shoes, cowbells, bull i-ings, gas masks, cocktail sliaker-s. un- glaxcd flower pots and scores of other items, including baseball and football uniforms, except shoes. The exemption order on musical instruments also covers all phonograph records and albums. Next Monday. OPA added, rental ceilings on bicycles will be dropped. Ants are said to have the most pnwciful jaw grip, proportionately, among insects or animals. city had accepled invitations to address the local Chamber of Commerce al the annual meeting on Thursday evening at 7:00 o'clock in the Hotel Barlow dining room. These men will outline the program followed in their own cily for Ihe establishment of a garment factory. The factory planned for Hope would be operated by the Shan- house & Son Co., who operates their home plant in Rockford, 111. and branch plants in Shreveporl and Mansfield, La. This campany manufacturers all types of work and sport clothes and would make vaiious types of jackets in the Hope plant. The company has been in business many years and enjoys an excellent rating and reputatio'n. Their interest in Hope is manifested in the advertisement for applications for employment can/led in today's paper. The eventual size of this plant, according to company officials, will be limited only by the available labor supply . A check today revealed that lick- els for Ihc annual meeting were sell ing fast, and due to the increased membership admittance will be by lickcl only. The company is ready lo go lo work and il remains only for Hope's business men to er<. dorse their proposed plan to bring lo Ihe community tin additional $200,000 payroll. The musket was invented the Spaniards about 1540 us infantry weapon. Half Ton of Hamburger, Hot Dogs and Buns Ordered, But Only One Stand Sold Out By LARRY HALL Fulton, Mo., March G — International affairs, which for a day focused the nation's attention on this tiny midwcstcrn college town, faded into the background in Fulton today. The bin question here was: "What are with all those hot dogs?" going to do might not have any diplomats to present to the two famous recipients of honorary degrees, but they turned up in time for the presentation. The only hitch in the well- planned proceedings as one that brought a smile. As a faculty mem- Fulton's natives, who plaved host . her slipped the purple insignia of yesterday to Winston Churchill, an honorary Doctor of Laws degree President Truman and nearly 20,- over President Truman's bared 000 other visitors, faced a prospcc- i head, it caught on his jutting Mis- live menu of stale hot dog und'souri chin and the president flash- hamburger sandwiches the rest of the weeK. Mayor Frank Henslcy said plans had been made lo lake care of up ed a grin. The wc:''.lherman smiled on the •10.0(10 persons, but — a lot of headed for the program, too. Clouds broke for few minutes as the processional converted college people brought their own lunches, gymnasium and sunlight beam- Missouri - stvle, and the crowd ;ed on Ihe vivid red of Churchill's academic gown. As the former prime minister addressed the crowd in the college wasn't as big as expected. The mayor estimated between 20,000 and 25,000 people were on hand in New Japanese Constitution Against War By RUSSELL BRIES Tokyo, March 6 —(/ A new Japanese constitution' renouncing war for all time and prohibiting the maintenance of armed forces was announced today. General MacArthur, reporting thai il was drafted with his full approval, emphasized zhat "Ihc foremost of its provisions x x x x thai abolishing war as a sovereign right of the nation x x x renders (Japan's) future security and very survival subject to the good faith and justice of the peace loving peoples of the world." Hirohito, who will be reduced from "a sacred and inviolable" emperor to a symbol of state with very limited formal functions, issued a special rescript stating: "It is my desire that the constitution of our empire be revised drastically upon the basis of the general will of the people and the principle of respect for the fundamental human rights. "I command hereby the competent authorities of my government to put forth in conformity with my wish their best efforts toward accomplishment of this end." (MacArthur's approval of the constitution, maintaining the Mikado as a symbol of state, presumably ends any possibility of his being arrested as a war crimes suspect.) The proposed constitution vests ns Associated Pres» Means Newsoaoor EntBrorlsa Ass'n. PRICE 5c COPY Churchill Raps Reds; Asks U. 5. British Unity By TOM YARBROUGH Fulton, Mo.. March 0 —(/P)— Winston Churchill, with a stern warning against "indefinite expansion" of Russian "power and doctrines," is pinning his hones for the next century of mankind o "fraternal association" of the United Stales and Great Britain. In one of the major address of his long career, and his most pertinent utterance of world peace since he stepped down as Britain's prime minister last June, Churchill voiced his warning and his hopes here yesterday in an academic setting where he was introduced by Presidnt Truman. . Churchill's expressed faith in a British-American "fraternal association" — "eventually there may come the principle of common citizenship" — recalled the dark day of June. 1P40, when he offered to share British citizenship with the .stricken people of France. . He and 1ho president received honorary degrees of Doctor of Laws trom Westminister college here after traveling from Washington by special train, as Churchill put it, lo "the very heard of the United Stales." The president presented Churchill to the immediate audience of some 3,00(1 in the college's gymnasium as "one of the great men of tne age," and said he knew the former prime minister would have "something constructive lo say to the world." When Churchill had finished, and he and the president received their degrees. Truman's acceptance remarks included clothing specific about Russia; nothing specific about a British-American alliance. Instead, the president said the time had come lo make the United Nations' Charter "Ihe law of Ihc land and the law of the world." He was applauded loudly. Saying he did not believe the Soviet Union wants war, Churchill added, however, lhal prevention of another great war is possible only by "reaching now, in 1946, a good understanding on all points with Russia under the general authority of the United Nations Organization." When his prepared speech was ended, Churchill accepted his degree with the spontaneous remark that he was "quile sure" thai his words would be found "upon reflection, right and wise to say in these anxious and baffling times." There was a familiar reminder of his wartime rhetoric when he added: :."Anyone with his eyes open can see that our path will 'be difficult and also long but I cannot doubt lhal we shall achieve our common purpose in the end." o- Strike of 3OO,OOO Railroad Workers Set for Monday China Wonts Red Troops Withdrawn By SPENCER MOOSA Chungking, March G — (/P) — The Chinese government has been pressing for v'thdrawal of Russian troops in Manchuria but Soviel auiuurilies intimated their delay was "due to certain difficulties which they didn't specify," Liu Chieh, vice minister of foreign affairs, said today. He did nol elaborate. He also said China is keeping the United Satles informed on the course of Sino-Soviel negotiations. L.IU skipped some queries with a laconic "no comment" at a press conference. Answers he did give showed that: Russia had not informed China of the movements and size of Soviet forces at Port Arthui — made a joint Sino-Russian Naval base ttn- rafors Agree to UMW Wage Talks By HAROLD W. WARD Washington, March 6 —(/P)— Bituminous coal operators agreed today to talk about higher wages with John L. Lewis if the nation's coal "requirements" can be met with a shorter work week. The producers, agreeing to meet for contract negotiations here March 12. told the UMW president the union has as great a stake as management in the industry's future. Lewis has asked that the current contract, negotiated last spring after an 11-day strike, be reopened next Tuesday on \vages, working conditions, and the issue of recognizing supervisory employes. A short strike occurred last October over organization of approximately 28.000 foremen. The operators, in a letter to Lewis accepting his request for negotiations toward a new contract, suggested that if the UMW boss wanted to reopen the foremen's issue he should return lo the open shou status prevailing prior to 1939. The operators contended they agreed to give Lewis a union shop on April 1, 1939, in return for his pledge to exempt management and supervisory personnel from eligibi- ity for union membership. "The continuance of these exemptions were the union's contribution to the collective bargaining for the union shop," the operators said in their letter to Lewis. "If the union reclaims that contribution then consideration of your demand for changes in the management - personal question should revert to the beginning of . the original negotiations on these issues." On the matter of wages and hours the operators suggested that the maximum work week should be reviewed to determine whether any rduclion "would be justified at this lime." :•••. -• • . •;- • The miners now are working a 54-hour week, although the contract calls for a basic week of 35 hours, excluding underground travel time and paid lunch periods. "In the event it is found that the country's requirements for coal can be met with a shortened workday or work-week, consideration shall be given lo an adjustment of rates of pay in the light of the present wage price policy of the government," the operators' negotiating committee said. The producers emphasized al a news conference thai any pay increase which might restill from the approaching negotiations would be reflected immediately in demands for higher prices on each ton of coal. This would have a bearing on the industry's competitive position in relation lo natural gas, oil and olher fuels. The operators emphasized the role they said Ihe union mighl play in Ihe industry's future by declaring they were "justified in asking labor fo join now in bolstering the industry's position." ® Cleveland, March 6 —(UP)—5> Strike of 300,000 members of the Brotherhoods of Railroad Trainmen and Engineers which would idle all main lines in the nation has been set lor March 11, BRT president A. F. Whitney announced today. Of the total combined membership of 300,000, the engineers have 78,000 and the trainmen 215.000. In event of a strike, it was believed that non-striking employes would refuse to cross picket lines. Negotiations held last October between 20 railroad brotherhoods and railroad officials resulted in the other 18 rail unions agreeing to arbitration, but the dissident trainmen and engineers brotherhoods maintained that no settlement of th age issue could be made wihout adjustment of the operating rules. Labor sources, however, believed President Truman would prevent the walkout by invoking the Na- U. S. Demand Showdown on Red Policies By R. H. SHACKFORD Washington.' March 6 — (UP) — The United I;-.;. today sought a showdown wi;! L-ov'ot Russia over her rough-shod, unilateral policies in Manchuria and Alan — two of the world's major trouble spots. Secretary of Slate James F. Byrnes' firmer attitude toward Russia may be the prelude to a sovereignty in the people and strips ,der the Sino-Sovict treaty of lasl all governmental powers from tne " ~ " emperor. Il replaces the powerful House of Peers with a House of Councillors who must be elected by all of the people and who may be overriden by he House of Representatives on some major issues. II enumerates a long list of revolutionary individual rights for the Japanese. It renounces "war as a sovereign right of the nation and the threat or use of force as a means of settling disputes." Wataru Narahashi, chief Aug. 14. Reporls received by the Chinese government confirmed thai Soviet authorities removed machinery from industrial plants in Manchuria. Inability of the Chinese government to restore Chinese sovereign- lv in Manrhuria was due in general lo Ihe failure of Russian Jorces lo withdraw from that vast territory, particularly from Changchun, the capital, and Mukden. Inability of the Chinese lo assume control of Civil Administration of Daircn, as provided in 'the net secretary, told a press confer- Sino-Sovict treaty, was connected encc the constitution "is one of thej wi <h "t'ic general question of Manchuria." The treaty declared Dair drastic sleps Ihe government must Lake" and hc "hopes it will be a bloodless revolution." Premier Kijuro Shidchara said in a statement: "If our people are to occupy a place of honor in the family of'nu- .ions, we must see to il that our constitution internally establishes 'irmly the foundation for democratic government and externally cads the rest of ihc world for abo- ilion of war," MORE FARM LABOR Litlle Rock, March Ii — (/]')— With vur veterans and wartime Indus- ' rial workers returning to the soil, j will be available j en an open port. Truman Calls for Church Support tional Railway- Labor Act. Under more nc % role by The"" United Ihe act, Ihe president could de- States at Ihe forthcoming United clare that an emergency exists and Nations Security Council meeting • in New York. At London, the United States played the part of conciliator — a policy which some criticized as a sign of American weakness. Byrnes first enunciated his new blunt speaking policy late last week and has moved rapidly to implement it since. He has now dispatched to Moscow two' messages which informed sources said would be diplomatically polite but not equivocal. • In those messages Byrnes in effect asked Moscow: 1. Why Soviet forces were not withdrawn from Iran last Saturday as agreed to by treaty. 2 What is the Soviet explanation, ot her attempt to make a deal with J? 11 ^ T without notifying the United Mates — for division of Manchuria s industries between China and Russia. The messages were dispatched to Ihe American embassy in Moscow last night for delivery to the Soviet foreign officer after Byrnes' had turned his press conference inlo a series of denunciations — some direct and some implied —of, Soviet policy. American foreign policy officials were genuinely worried about the wave of anti-Russian sentiment resulting from Soviet actions inimic- able to the ideas of the western 1 ' powers, . . - ' Spj-Ctfr;.; as the .United States is £pn ce r n ed; •• -th &*s i|ii a tibn '-''iJTi'lj Man-r'S c'Huria is by far the''gravest'nrob'-'* appoint a fact-finding board to mediate the dispute. The board would have 30 days lo study the issues and make recommendations for settlement. Sources here said a formal announcement of the scheduled walkout would be made at Cleveland today by Alvaney Johnston, president of the locomotive engineers, and A. F. Whitney, head of the trainmen's union. Johnston yesterday would not comment on the scheduled walkout and Whitney was unavailable. A walkout by the two brotherhoods would almost completely cripple the nation's rail transportation. In event of a strike, it was believed that non-striking em- ployes would refuse to cross picket lines. The strike call resulted from brotherhood demands made last June for a 25 per cent wage increase and changes in some 45 operating regulations. Conferences were held last October between 20 railroad brotherhoods and railroad officials. MALARIA PROGRAM BEGUN Little Rock, March G —(/Pi— Arkansas' second annual malaria control program, greatly expanded as a result of additional funds from the U. S. Public Health Service, got underway this week, John E. Taylor, head of the state health department's malaria program, said yesterday. Taylor said approximately 130.000 rural Arkansas homes in 29 counties will be treated. o Broccoli is a variety of cabbage. Byron Evans Dies Tuesday James Bryon Evans, well known local grocer and market man died at the Army and Navy hospital in Hot Springs at 5 o'clocK Tuesday afternoon. He is surviv- er by; his widow, his father, D.E. Evans, two sisters; Mrs. Waddel Cunningham and Mrs. Guy Watkins o flhis cily and a brother, Ed Evans of Shreveport, Louisiana. Mr. .Evans was a member of the Hope Fire Department, Kiwanis Club, Woodman Lodge, Masonic Lodge, American Legion, Scotlish Rile Body and look aclive part in all club and civic woork. Funeral services under the direction of While field Lodge 239 will be held from Ihe Firs! Baplisl church al 2:30 Thursday afternoon with the Reverend S. A. Whitlow in charge, assisted by Reverend D.O. Silvey. Burial will be in Rose Hill cemetery. Two Hope Men Enlist in Army at Fort Smith in February s ..••'Captain Jack W. Nye, of the Texarkana Recruiting Office, has received notification that the following men from the Hope area have enlisted and been accepled by the Army at Ft. Smith, Arkansas during the month of February. ' M Sgt. James M. Downs, Route 1, Hope and Earl R. Saunders, Washington, Arkansas, o- The first cows were brought lo the American colonies in 1634 by Governor Winthrop. India Lacks Now the Leaven Of a Great Middle Class, That Like the Middle Way By HAL BOYLE Bombay. March 6 —(/Pi— India, standing on the threshhold of political independence, shows little evidence of realizing what weighty internal problems will come with rcedom. Her politicians now are openly divided only on one question—the religious issue of whether India <hall remain united or divided into Ernest B. CACCARO Columbus. Ohio, March Presidenl Truman appealed direct-'two stales, Pakistan for Moslems ly today for church support of his | and Hindustan for the Hindu ma• sl;i 'emated domestic legislative , this town of K.200 to see the former i gymnasium, the old Churchillian British Prime president. Minister and the mastery of the English languag sparkled time and again. To em- 5.00 5.00 Total Previously reported S28H.(iO . $7u4.t)j A half ton of hamburger and hot | phasized his points, Churchill occa- dngs and ••45,000 buns were ordered \ sionally shook a chubby finger, feed the throng, but only one] More oflen he laid his hands flat downtown stand, operated by the j across his chest in a solemn gcs- American War Dads, reported a j lure, sell out. An impish smile brought Fullon was dressed in carnival chuckles from his audience as lie gaib for its bi gday and colored jcslrd about being invited to join streamer.'!, a Jillle bedraggled, still the Sons of Ihc American Revolu- Ining across Ihe streets today. | lion and lohl his "fellow members II looked for a while yesterday a:; of the faculty" lhal he liked honor- if Dr. F. L. McC'ucr, VVestmiiiis- ary degrees bet-ante they required ter culleo e ' ii dynamic president, juo preliminary examinations. ; iredicted yesterday. Success of 946 harvesting will depend on ef- ective use of available labor and 31-ompi shifting of seasonal crop labor, he said. in the gold." He urged religious support also for the development of atomic energy under "a high moral code" lo rescue a "sick" world "in Ihe doorway to destruction." The president sairl that if the pco- "lo "really believed 'it Ihe brother- jority. Regardless, however, India there of whether Thc first iron furnace United Stales was built in Virginia hood ur maili n wou , d 1U)t bc , nc( ; es . isiJi.v lo pass a Fair Employment i Practices act" lo prevent racial d^'Timinalion in job-giving, added: The State Police Say: Keeping to the right avoids confusion and delay, which may sometimes result in an accident. splils or remains intact, must ensue the grasp for power on the part of conflicting elements among the population of this "jewel of the empire" when the British lei go their reins. This vasl, sprawling subcontinenl then will become a political battlefield of opposing economic and social philosophies. India is a great land with few "haves" and many "have nots." It and -shares with China the unhappy dis- |tinclion of being one of the most cceds, will economic and social revolution be far behind? Young Indian intellectuals don't bother themselves much about what will happen when their people are "free". Al present they blame all of India's ills on Britain. If Indian cows give less than one fifth as much milk as European cows, who is to blame? The British. If crops fail and famine follows, whose fault is it? The British. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, alone among India's popular leaders, lias counselled need of lifting India I'rom its present agricultural feudalism to industrial democracy. But few of his follower appear yet to must be made in Indian life to achieve even the rudiments of real democracy. , ii,,-- ~" •-• "•- Sravest "problem; .That area — like others controlled by the Russians — has been sealed off from outsiders during Russian occupation. The situation has worsened as a result of Russia's failure to remove her troops on previously scheduled dates. Now, on inquiry by Byrnes, China reveals Russia's proposals for disposing of Manchurian industries between themselves without e . v . en consulting the United States or other Allies. 1944. in. The former secretary of interior said he did not receive notification until 6:45 p.m. yesterday lo appear again today as a witness on. Pauley's nonv"?"p n for undersecretary of n .... ,. ; . ; iherefore came without the -vie*. "I'm used to beinj; given more or less a bum's rush." said Ickes resigned recently from the cabinet in a huff. "But lo expect me to produce memoranda that are under time lock in a bank vault in the lime given is too much." "Gentlemen," he added, "I'm here sans memoranda." In the memoranda Ickes said previously he had recorded what he described as a suggestion by Pauley that 300,000 in campaign lunds could be raised from oil men if the government did not press title claims lo lidelands oil areas. Pauley denied Ihis. o- Dewey Is Called to Washington for Meeting Tonight Washington. March C — <&>— James F. Dewey, special conciliator in the General Motors strike, was summoned suddenly today by . -. Secretary of Labor Schwellenbach realize what sweeping changes to meet with him in Washington tonight. A Labor Department spokesman said Dewey was called in to rc- "11 certain interests were not .so illiterate major countries on the greedy lor gold there would be less I elobc. Us wealth is concentrated pressure and lobbying lo induce in a small upper class, and huge Congress lo allow Ihe price con- masses of people live in lilelong trul act lo expire, or to keep down j financial bondage. They arc born minimum wages, or to permit fur- i into debt and die in debl. Iher concentration of economic! HMI will ihey be content to re- power, imam feudal peons? If their "non Continued on Pago Two 'violent" political revolution sue- They talk and talk endlesslyof i port on the situation "in view of polities. That is the curse of India 1 the impasse" in Detroit negotia- —politics. To much political talk j lions in the 10(i-day old CIO Union and too little social action. Most i dispute with GM. young Indians arc as ardently and ; Dewey will attend an afternoon selflessly patriotic as any group ; session of the wage talks between their age in the world. But they \ the company and the CIO auto apear to have unbounded faith i workers, then board a plane for lame the blind will see and and deserts the will the will walk -••>•-,.in rice just as soon as British have their authority. Tney have sadly to learn of greater battles to come—the fight Continued on Page Two , Washington. Many species of sharks do not attack human beings. It is estimated that there are 50,000 distributors of fluid milk in the United States. Ickes Unable to Produce Memo Now By JACK BELL Washington, March 6 — (/P) — Harold L. Ickes told the Senate naval committee today his memoranda on conversations with Edwin W. Pauley are locked up in a bank vault and could not be produced immediately for examination. The committee had ordered Ickes to produce the memoranda which hc testified previously he made three or four days after Pauley offered him "the rawest proposition ; ever made to me," assertedly in connection with an attempt to raise democratic campaign funds

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