i4?»ffiM$"» srit Del : ^T^^ AS^a*^*aia3^^ vVS-Bmr-Wfl-w < • «• » • ^ „. •••*"• f ag« Six Letters to the Editor This is your newspaper. Write to it. Letters criticizing the editorial policy or commenting upon facts in the news columns, are squally welcome. Every writer must sign his name and add* ress but publication of natae may be withheld if requested. To the Citizens of Hope and Hempstead County: Hope and Hempstead County needs a conveniently located, well informed, and efficiently operated office to furnish veterans who are rapidly returning home, veteran who are here now, and the loca citizens with accurate, reliable in formation and services in vote ran's affairs. Most of the large cities and towns in the state hav just such an office functioning now These offices are clearing house between: 1. The Veterans who are tryin to adjust themselves to Civilia life. 2. The local persons or firm that want to advise or assist. 3. The government agencies es tabllshed to assist veterans in thoi particular part of the program. No one can conscientiously denj that the men and women, who sue cessfully fought the bloodiest wa in history, haven't earned < "break" from anyone who can give it. The question in our community is "How can the Veteran, the busi nessmen, and the government's program be coordinated together to achieve the best results for al concerned?" Consider the present predica ment of the fellow who has been overseas for several months or years. At the discharge center he listened for hours to lectures telling how the government had set up the many advantages to compensate him for his loss in revenue, education, and home life while he was in the service of his country. Along with his thoughts of seeing his family and having that wen earned fishing or hunting trip he began to visualize a home of his own, a business, a good job, a nice little farm with new machinery, a good education, and a friend on every corner. He got the idea that everyone at home was rich or getting that way fast and if he hurried home his chances were good too. .Now lets look at what actually happened and still is. After seeing his family and friends and getting the fishing and hunting out of his system he starts out to take advantage of government program and to establish himself In his community. He finds that every- ihing he needs to buy is at an intlated price. Money is £heap but he doesn't have any. Jobs are not , plentiful. Strikes have slowed down business in general. The many and varied government assistance confuse him. The requirments and forms to be filled out ot get government assistance baffle him. He goes from this person to that person, from this goverment agency to that government agency, and from this town to that town trying to get started out. He tries to buy eht surplus property he heard so much about and finds it is not simple to do. He fills out the forms required and find them incorrect. Business conditions have changed so much since he was home that he is at loss what to do. Eventually he becomes thoroughly disgusted. Mis-information and bad advice further complicate matters. But the government has set up a program. Representatives of the program are available in the state. However these representatives have a particular field to work in. A particular part of the program to carry out. They cannot take each man or woman and help him or her work out their own particular problem. The individual himself must dig out -the information required and file his own application. The government passes on this application. No application can be passed that is never filed for lack of accurate information and knowledge of what is available. The Veteran knows what he wants and needs in a general way. The government and his friends say it is available. But he doesn't know the proper manner in which to get it. And no person, firm, or organization in Hope or Hempstead County can tell him or show him how to file out the applications that will result in a satisfactory approval. No person, firm or organi- ation can spare the clerical assistance to fill out his forms, file them with the proper agency and follow handful of the many men the time can be spared but not for all. All of the men and women returning here want to stay. This is their home. Some few are for- nuate in having a business job or home to return to. The majority and the inquiries for homes to buy or rent. For the majority to stay they must have a job; be able to buy, rent, or build a home; be able to go into business and borrow money if needed; obtain equipment or machinery to carry on their choosen work; obtain full advantage of the educational program; protect their G.f. insurance- and in general live the kind of life we all strive to live BUT ' ' ° G ° the City of Hope and Hempstead County are to retain these men and women who are attempting to return to civilian life then some organization must be set up now to act as a clearing house for them. A centrally located office that is not only an information center but also a complete service center for the veterans and the New Discovery in a Hearing Aid A big improvement has been made in a hearing aid now welcomed by thousands. It is a new hearing aid that does not require separate battery pack, battery wire battery case or garment to bulge or weigh you down. So small it fits the hand. The tone is clear and powerful. So made that you can adjust it yourself to suit your hearing as your hearing changes. Accepted by the Council on Physical Medicine of the American Medical Association. The makers of Bel- tone, Dept. 2730, 1450 W. 19th St.. Chicago 8. III., are so proud of their achievement that they will gladly send free descriptive book and explain how you may get a lull demonstration of this remarkable hearing device in your own home '.viijiotit risking a penny. Write them today, —Adv. people in this county. The business men must lend their advice and assistance. And above all it must be carried out in an organized, well planned, manner with the full cooperation of the veterans themeselves and the cititzens of this city and county. Any person having a plan or solution to this community problem will be doing the veteran, the city, and the county, a real service if they would advance it and support whatever plan adopted. Any plan will take some work fnd , fprethotigh to be successful. Wholehearted cooperation by 'ill concerned will make it a worth while undertaking. Send your suggestion and offer your assistance to one of the established Veterans organizations now functioning locally. As finances will be required I am attaching my personal check for $2o.OO to be used in whatever plan is adopted and put into effect. Sincerely, A World War II Veteran It is estimated that 65.000,000 lethal objects planted by the German invaders in Russia have been destroyed. HOPE STAR, HOPI, ARKANSAS Hints on Defrosting Home Freezers By ARTHUR EDSON Washington, March 1 —(fF) — Dear citizens: your-cvcr loving government is worried about you again. It s scared silly that you don't Know how to defrost n home freezer unit. Maybe you think -all you have to do is turn it off, and let nature take its course . .. Hah j, Draw up a chair, and let the Department of Agriculture home economists give you a snoot- lull of advice on how an expert does the job. Here's quick rundown on the list of necessities: 1. A putty knife. 2. A smooth piece of cardboard. 3. A sweater. 4. Gloves or mittens. 5. A large table (or several small tables shoved close together.). 0. An electric fan. 7. Neighbors. Everybody ready? We're off for the home freezing unit. The amazing thing is that you start dctrosting the gadget by making everything cooler. Sounds silly, but the good ladles of the agriculture department are adamant, frost I UlC room '" they ^struct So into the chilly room we go swoatered and govecl or mittened' Now to the freezer (which mustn t be turned off, but should keep right on with its freezing). Out its contents come and on to the large table (or several small tables shoved close together) Grab the putty knife and attack the frost. Push the debris on to the smooth piece of cardboard. After you've whacked the frost away, sniff the air suspiciously. Aha! A nasty, stale odor. Recha for the electric fan, Turn it on. Aim it into the freezer, and blow that smell away. Oh, yes. the neighbors . Well, the department realizes it lias built this thing up until it's no longer a lone-man or one-woman job. You'll need neighbors. Carrier Midway on Cruise Monday, Mai By JAMES J. STREDIG Aboard the carrier USS Midway, olf Norfolk, Va., March 1 —(/!')—• Some 2,500 officers and men checked special cold weather aviation gear today for an experimental cruise in arctic waters the mighty Midway, first i,f the three 45.000-ton carriers built by the navy, is serving as something ot a guinea pig for larger scale arctic tests of sen and air operations planned for next winter. bhe heads a task group, including the destroyers Charles R. Ware. Stormes, and Voglegsang, which will conduct aviation experi- Choose a lime when extra hands can help," the bulletin urges adding the clinching logic: "The job will go faster." mcnts in North Atlantic Arc-lie waters for about a month. Hear Ad- maud Cassady is in com. Within two hours after the carrier leaves its anchorage in Hampton Hones special Arctic equipment will be tested and mou will begin to familiarize themselves with its use. First flight deck crews will trv he special wing covers designed to protect the plans from -snow and freezing spray when they are lashed down on the llii-hl deck then, they will work~ with insulated engine covers <mcl engine pie-heaters before sending up the bombers °'' *' 2 £i « hlers » lld bo '»- Somc 50 planes,' fewer than half a wartime complement, arc being taken north. They comprise two squadrons of the 74th Air Group eel by Commander J. T. Blackburn of Coronaclo Calif., who won tame in the South Pacific. The aircraft include a helicopter, a jet fighter and a late model conventional fighter, the Grumman Bear- • Tho .. wo '' l <:l 1 s largest oil refinery is al Abaclan, Iran. Use 5 Gallon Tin Cans For Seats in India's Show New York — (/!>)— Five-gallon tin cans, in which food, gasoline and other products are shipped to the armed forces, are serving In- din as scats in measures foi fish even, filled with s ed together, as „„ The American Cntt'K East Indians buy, il about 12 cent:, in Am« — a third of a native^ —and sometimes nttfteK with knives in a s cans discaitlocl by :^ •***. r^'&StfWf "'M*'"! V &iMiita3B&Liis&&m^ Mow Is THE TIME To START BABY CHK • PROFIT-PROVED ThOoena CHICK MAS/'] IT'S tlTTCK TO Bi IUM. .TH7^T^riFHST^T.T! RITCHIE GROCER C Wholesale Distributors 210 South Elm What your RED CRO ^mmMfmmiic). Hempstead County pter does i if ou K NOW what the Red Cross has done overseas in World War •II. The World knows it. Another glorious page in the history of your Red Cross is being written. Each of the 3,754 chapters in the nationwide Red Cross network .7*. . ' ' *'*. just as our local chapter ... did its full share to make possible all the help and comfort given our fighting meti. But that is only half the story. Here is what your Red Cross chapter' is doing now and will be doing for years to come. &¥-£** : & : S^V** •••- r:$® n ^ /.' 33 Disaster Relief. In the United States last year, the Red Cross gave relief in 260 disasters. Experience has shown that no community is immune. Our local chapter has a disaster committee set up and ready to act at the initial warning of catastrophe ... to provide emergency shelter, food, clothing, and medical care for the helpless victims ... to save lives and relieve suffering. And after the first shock has wornaway,comcs the long job of rehabilitation; *•?*§ Ngtfc. i^SS**^.- „-„ ™. v ' ^t>Al f\i *%£> Home Service. The Red Cross Home Service worker is a home town trouble-shooter for the serviceman and his family. Our Red Cross chapter has Home Service workers available for duty day or night . . . trained, practical people, equipped to act in emergencies. The Red Cross two-way communication system reaches around the world, so that in a sense the serviceman is no further from his loved ones than our Red Cross chapter. X s<; /* >M tr ^TCTgB ^ri $SSI$ -fs -***" H«m« Nuriing. The Red Cross teaches the fundamentals of home nursing to many citizens. Mothers and high school girls learn how to care for simple illnesses, and how to follow the doctor's instructions in prevcmine serious onesj Junior Red Cross. From eager first- graders to high school students young volunteers stitch, hammer, and plan for the Red Cross. Many also learn first aid, accident prevention, water safety, nutrition, and home nursing. Volunteer Special Services. Your neighbor next door or just around the corner is probably a member of one of the many Red Cross Volunteer Corps. She may sew or knit for our hospitalized men; she may drive for the Motor Corps; she may be a Nurse's Aide or'a Gray Lady. Perhaps she's a Staff Assistant, or a Home Service worker ; ; . but whatever corps she serves ; : ; whatever she does ; ; . her time and effort help stretch the Red Cross dollar. First Aid. A crash on the highway.:; a slashed wrist... a burn from scalding water ... severe shock without proper attention, all can produce serious results. Our chapter in cooperation with individuals and organizations maintains mobile first aid units and highway first aid stations manned by trained first aiders, who help care for the victims of traffic accidents until the doctor arrives. First aid, water safety, and accident prevention classes are conducted to teach Americans the principles of self-preservation. /TpHiNK of the many thousands who look to our Rcd.Cross for aid and comfort in lonely hours J. of desperate need. Think what its many services and safeguards can mean to our town . to you, and your loved ones. Then remember that your voluntary services, backed up by your contributions, make it possible for Red Cross to carry on in our community. Your individual gifts are its only source of income. Without you and your neighbors, there would be no Red Cross. Give to the Red Cross today.' s>.A»&8*U>;., YOUR Cross MUST CARRY ° N • • • m I • VS'"'"*- t' Ett'« '>; l|l : IliSbj;' i ISSpWW I llti'll i lif i mm 11 i litofeB. ! >ap ; !l o Anthony Lumber Co. Anthony Service Station Phone 913 Phone 1106 prepared by the'Adi'crihliiz 'Couiicil in Cooperation uiib tbe'AwericanRed Cr'osi ,^^ ' ' Voice of Opinion By S. Burton Heath Aristotle and America, 1946 Aristolle Is quoted as saving hut government Kovem.s "best which governs least." |} ut Aristotle ivcd a long, long time a K o. And ho was moreover, « philosopher lather than n politician. The deathless Greek viewed i'ov- lim m0 f t( . aS oxclus 'vely the func- on of the appointed represent!., lives of the people-as, indeed it very nearly was in the third century Dcforc Christ. And in the sense that he thus limited political authority over individual lives strictly to that required for the liberty and security ot all, he assuredly voiced the desire of the present-day democrat in every nation throughout the world. We" too prize freedom above all else and wish to surrender only so much of it as is absolutely essential foi our mutual protection in the complex national and international society of today. Mul we of America have had ample, albeit unsolicited, opportunity in this 20th century A. IX to learn what Aristotle may have failed to discern: That 'government is simply authority—and lhal liny group of individuals, be il log- iilly elcclcd or be il extra-legal, which possesses and exercises the power of economic life-and-death over its fellow-men, actually governs them. We have learned, in olher words, that our tie facto government may reside not only in Ihe President and Congress United Stales, but also in of the the in clustrialists and the labor leaders '> of the nation, both of which tiny segments of our population possess the- potential power lo diclalo wages and prices, lo throttle our economy, to piiralyx.c our collective life—literally to starve us. And we have learned, too, lhal these economic oligarcliists arc perfectly willing to exploit their unique position; that they need, in fact, not the "green light" but only a hesitant "yellow" one from Washington in order to take over and of- Hope <I7TH YEAR: VOL. 47—NO. 120 Star WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Cloudy with scattered showers and warm ,this afternoon, showers and thunderstorms, colder west and central portion's tonight, Wednesday clearing and colder. , ' Star of HODB. 1899; Prosj, 1927. Consolidated January 18. 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, MARCH 5, 1946 $415.25 on First Report of Red Cross . Hempstead County shows $4IS.25 in the opening report of it's drive to •aise $8,07(5.00 for Cross. America;] Ked ^ Citizens of Hope and Hempstead County: The annual campaign of the American National Association of the Red Cross is now on. Every family in the United States who was not informed concerning the extent and nature of the Red Cross, before World War II, is certainly somewhat familiar with its activities now. This great organization. stuffed as is with efficient and trained workers, stood faithfully by our fighting forces both in training and in battle. The world has come to know the value of this incomparable organization in time of war. Many know ot its prompt and merciful work even in peace, for when disaster, famine or epidemic exists there the Red Cross extends helping hands. This organization is doing a work that outside the church, and communities not fall behind in their contributions during this campaign for funds arms of mercy of (lie Red Cross "Blessed are the fcclivcly manage the country, by their own methods and in their own interests. We learned this nil-important lesson during the "back-to- normalcy (nnd-to-industrial-pa Iron- age)" Republican regimes of the '20s and during the "elear-overy- thing-with-Siclney" period of the New Deal. We may not know just which par- ly to the current wave of industrial strife sweeping the United lows: States, labor or management, is j Ritchie Grocer Co. primarily at fault. But we do and a work which the church with its already extremely heavy load could not do. But the work of the Red Cross and that of the church relate themselves together very beautifully, the work of the church being of a spiritual nature and that of the Red Cross physical. Both trying to relieve suffering humanity. May the churches of our city keep the Condemn British in India, but Merchants Glad They Were There With Bullets By HAL BOYLE Bombay, March 5 —(/P)— It isn't an easy mailer lo fix responsibility for thn casualties lhal occur in India's rioling. Many of Ihosc killed or wounded during native demonstrations arc sincere patriots swept away by Ihey shall obtain outstretched, merciful, for mercy". —II. Paul Holdridge, President Hope Ministerial Alliance. Contributions to date are as fol- mob hysteria. Others arc calculating holligans who take advantage of disorders—in fact help foment them—to feather their own nests by looting jewelry and clothing shops. They are urban guerrillas who owe no loyally to aye but themselves and by any law they deserve lo be treated as common bandits. Indian politicians, whose inflam- atory utterances often help lead lo the rioting, are the first to deplore these violent outbreaks after they occur and simultaneously they almost invariably accuse the British of unnecessary brutality in duell- ing the rioters. British troops and young officers who have no role in determining cm pi re policy, other than preserving law and order, smart under these accusations, which Ihcy consider unjust. ' Here is Ihe British side of Ihe story as given by one captain who has taken an active part in subduing two serious riots here within a month: "It's all well and good for people who don'l have lo do the dirty work to say thai we go around firing needlessly—as if we gol any pleasure oul of shooting people down in the slreels. What type don'l bother to 'learn is thai we don't fire haphazardly. We arc forbidden by civil law from opening fire except with permission of a magistrate — and nine times out of ten it's an Indian magistrate who gives the order for us to shoot. "If it looks like we are going lo have trouble during native demonstrations we send oul plaloons of troops on patrol. Each platoon has with it an officer and a civil magls- Irale. If the demonstration is orderly the native police handle it themselves and we do nothing but patrol. : "Even if the dcmonstralion breaks up in a riol we don'l slep jn unless il begins lo gel entirely out of hand. Usually the Indian po- icc with their lathi sticks can rush in and scatter the crowd, and all anybody gels oul of il is a sore lead or a few bruises. And Ihoso Indian police lake Iheir share of thumps, loo. 11 doesn't do you any good to take a rock or soda blllc in your face. "We stay out of it entirely unless the rioters overwhelm the police and begin looting and running shops. Unless force is used then the mob will grow wilder and wilder unlil nothing is safe. Women \till be striped in the streels. Any European who shows his face will be beaten to a pulp and business property will be destroyed. : "When the magistralc with . us decides there is no olher way; to halt the rioting he gives us order lo fire—and we fire only on his order. And who gets Ihe blanie afterward? Nol the Indian civil magistrate who gave the order. No —it's always blamed on the British troops who pulled the triggers. "And rich Indian merchants whose shops we saved from looting join Indian politicians in con- know lhal the responsibility in each instance rests largely with one of the two. We know also that the vicious economic war must be halted, hulled juickly and halted permanently, if it is not to maim this vaunted "Arsenal of Democracy" for years to come. We know that it is the responsibility and inescapable duty of the government to resolve the situation: to-resolve it as equitably as possible, but definitely lo resolve it, in the common wealth that government was created to serve. Yes, perhaps thai government does "govern best which governs least." But the American people have tliq .right to demand that in this democracy till' the governing be done by their chosen representatives. o No Evidence Of Arson in Trestles Fire Arkadolphia, March 5 — (/P)— Sparks from a passing train today were blamed for the simultaneous Guntcr Lumber Co Mope Brick Works Union Compress &. Warehouse Co Fire Station J. A. Embrcc $3.25 A. S. Willis 2.50 Guy Downing 2.50 A. D. Malonc 2.SO R. Yocom 2.SO James Patterson 1.00 $ SO.00 17S.OO 75.00 100.00 fAP)—Mepns Associated Press iNtA>—MeansNewsoaDer Enterorlw Ats'n. PRICE 5c COPY Senators Demand U. S. Keep Secrets By JOHN L. CUTTER Washington, March 5 —(UP) — Official charges that, Moscow directed u Canadian spy plol brought new demands in Congress today for this country secrets until guaranteed. to keep its atomic their peaceful use is Senalors generally were concerned over the Canadian government's report thai Ihc Sovicl embassy in Ottawa was headquarters for a Russian spy ring seeking information on atomic energy, radar, and Canadian and U. S. troop movements. "It doesn't add any spirit of hopefulness or 'encouragement that the Russians really are desirous of open-handed cooperation with us or other nations on future policies," commented Sen. Bourke B. Hicken- loper, R., la. "I sincerely hope thai Rus- >ia will see the necessity of sincere coperation with" us and with Union Completes Plans for Phone Blackout Thursday doming us. But they were damn glad we were there with bullets while the riot was still on." Even piorc haled by Ihe rnobs than British troops are the Ah'glo- Indian police inspectors who direct the native policemen. These men of mixed blood live in an unhappy twlighl world of Iheir parents making. They arc regarded by Indians as traitors and are only partly accepted by the British, who usually limit them to positions of minor government authority. Willis A. Cobb Total 14.25 1.00 ..$415.25 Hope C. of C. Meeting at Barlow, Thurs. Plans arc shaping up for the Annual Chamber of Commerce meeting scheduled for 7:30 Thursday evening at the Hotel Barlow ... T-, • f 11 f^ 1I111UU WtlVUlil U/ilV/l I. U A IU Vt*_JJUt»- dining room. Representatives of the urc Hc ^ ding t | lc list, the news- Arkadclphia Chamber of Commer- j paper said, was a specification that ' Russian troops should remain in Reds Demand Iran Invite Troops to Stay London'/ March 5 —(/P)— Premier Ahmed Qavam es Saltaneh of Iran was reported en route home from Moscow today bearing six Soviet demands, including one that his country "invite" Red army troops to remain in Iran. Moscow advices said the premier appeared lo depart following a banquet last, night,, .attended ; by .Generalissimo 'Stalin' and indicated the outcome of his talks with Soviet officials had been inconclusive. An Iranian spokesman in the Russian capital said the premier and his delegation had listened to "proposals" concerning Russian troops in Iran. The spokesman described the talks as "friendly but difficult." . The London Evening News said the six demands had been handed Ahmed Qavam prior to his depart- Vinson Opens Drive for British Loan Washington, March 5 —W)— Secretary of the Treasury Fred M. Vinson today formally opened the administration's drive to win Con gressional approval of the projectec $3,750,000,000 loan to Britain by terming it vital to world prosperity and peace. The Cabinet officer led off ; <a string ..of.v/witnessos, scheduled-Y'to testify before the Senat Banking committee during the next two weeks. Vinson, in a 7500-word prepared statement, told the senators the loan proposal is a "sound investment in world peace and prosperi- he rest of the world crests of peace." in the in- Hickcnlooper and Sen. Harry F. 3yrd, D., Va., members of the Senate's special committee on itomic energy, expressed concern or the safety of the atomic sec•et. "I am more convinced than ever .hat we must preserve the secret of the atom bomb until we are sat- sfied that no olher nation will akc advantage of this information lo the peril of the rest of the world," Byrd said. Sen. David L. Walsh, D., Mass., said the Canadian disclosure 'shows we are far from the peace which we celebrated on V-J day." Sen. John L. McClellan, D., Ark., demanded, that the United States "deal with Russia on the same .crms that she deals with the rest of the world" and make sure "no leaks occur." "'Until we do that we are engaging in a form of appeasement," he said. McClellan feared the United States already had weakened its world position by the speed of mill- UAW Await G. M. Answer on Proposal Detroit, March 5 —(/P)— The CIO United Auto Workers today awaited General Motors' answer on a proposal by which 175,000 production workers would vote on the means of selllemenl of Ih'eir 105- day walkout The corporalion gave no indica- lion when an answer to yesterday's proposal from the union might be forthcoming, but the two sides had a negotialing session scheduled (1 p.m. CST) with special federal mediator James F. Dewey. The union declared yesterday il would agree lo the GM suggestion thai rank and file workers vote whether they wish to return to work under terms of the company's latest offer if the ballol also included the alternative of submitting issues to arbitration. An arbitration offer from the union was rejected by GM Sunday, and the corporalion in turn suggested Ihe strikers' poll. In a leller signed by UAW Pres- Waller P. Reuther, the yesterday termed Ihe com- lary demobilization. Sen. Pat McCarran, D., Nov., cc have been invited to attend and to meet with local business men. burning Sunday night of two Mis- Hope's garment factory if approved - - •-• •• • on Thursday night, will be financed and administered similar to the garment factory being established in Arkadclphia, and visitors from that city will be on hand to advise and anwser questions relative lo Ihc launching of such an enterprise. The Chamber of Commerce announced today lhal reprcsenlalivcs of the garment factory's employment office were expected lo be in Hope in Ihc near future to inter- vicsv potential employees. This industry, if endorsed by Hope's business leaders, will be Ihc first of ils kind in Ihe city and will mean n additional payroll in the cily of between $150,000 and 200,000 annual Jy. It is intenl of Ihe Chamber of Commerce lo encourage all new industries to establish thcmeslves in our city if they will nol enter into competition with industries already established. Tickets for this vital meeting arc limited and all persons interested in Hope's progressive future arc urged to gel their tickcls now cither from a member of the Board or at Ihc Chamber of Commerce office. souri Pacific railway Ircstles near Arkadclphia. Clark Counly Sheriff W. T, Mai- lock and FBI agents, who investigated the fires, said Ihere was no evidence of arson. Mo-Pae officials, who declined to estimate the damage, said the trestles would be restored to a safe condition for traffic Thursday afternoon. Meanwhile, the St. Louis- Lilllc Rock-Dallas run is being rerouted through Pine Bluff. o Court Upholds Arkansas Tax on Timber Washinglin, March 4 —(/1'j— The Supreme Court upheld in a 7-1 decision today an Arkansas tax laid (in the privilege of culling timber in national forests in thai state. The court al the same time refused to rule whether the lax would be valid if those who cut the limber and paid the levy to Arkansas sought to collect from the federal government. The tribunal refused to rule on this point because if said the issue was not raised in Arkansas state courts. "It will be lime enough lo consider the federal government's interest," .said Chief Justice Stone for the majority, "when some ef- forl is made to x x x collect the tax from the Uniled States." Justice Rutlcdgc dissented in an opinion in which he said lie was "unable to comprehend" the majority's decision. Rutlcdgc said the entire case should be sent back to the slate courts for a determination of Ihe aplicabilily of collodion provisions as Ihey iiffect the United States. The Arkansas Supreme Court previously ruled the slale may nol levy the lax for culling on lands held by Ihc Uniled Slates as original owner. II also ruled Arkansas could tax Ihe cutting on lands which had been purchased i>y the Uniled States, with consent of the stale, to be incorporated into national forests. The Arkansas Revenue commissioner appealed to the supreme court from the first purl of the stale court's ruling. The Wilson lumber company appealed from the second part of the ruling. The company's appeal was a culmination of aclion it began in the Garland county, Ark,, court. Justice Jackson did not participate in the j.'ase. Few people in Hawaii speak Hawaiian as English is the auaae mut.t widely ustd. Iran until such time as the other five demands were accepted. These live points, the newspaper aid, are that Iran recognize the "autonomous" government of Azerbaijan, granl oil concessions to Russia, sign an alliance with Russia, coordinate its foreign policy with Russia, and allow Soviet military advisers to organize the Azerbaijan armed forces and to station tnem al points of stralegic interest to the Soviet Union. Iranian troops have been prevented by Soviet forces from enlcr- ing Azerbaijan, a northwestern Iranian province. Meanwhile, a British charge d'- affaires in Moscow ,had been in- structcd lo "make inquiries" of Ihc Soviet government concerning Russia's failure to evacuate its troops from Iran by the March 2 deadline previously Britain, Russia The Iranian agreed upon and Iran., ambassador by to Washington, Hussein Ala, asked the United Stales to join Britain in requesting an explanation. A conservative member of Parliament, F. H. R. MacLean. asserted in the House of Commons Continued on Page Two English Journalist Thinks America Wonderful, but People Like to Pretend .. culture. But you have sands of people in America By WILLA MARTIN AP Newsfeatures Writer New York, March 5 —M 1 )— Hannen Swaffer, veteran English journalist now visiting in the U. S., thinks America with its restlessness and excitability is wonderful bul nothing about Ihe country is mure incredible to him than Ihe iuwbiows who pretend to be highbrows. "n England a person is inlelec- lual or he isn't." He says "if he is :i lowbrow, he has no trafficking tliou- who lo pretend. The pretenders carry books they don'l read, ask questions about things they arc not interested in." Swaffer is tall,, gaunt, GO, and a veteran of 40 years in Fleet street. His hair is long, his collars Pick- wickian. He writes for three English publications: "The People," with a circulation of five and a half million; "The Daily Herald," official paner of the Labor party with une and three quarters million; and John Bull, a weekly with one and a half million. Fur years Hannen Swaffer was considered England's leading drama critic, bul today his love of the theater is being submerged in a x.eal for Ihe we-k of the English of view. Eschewing "Hamlet" and "Antigone" and even musicals on this trip he has concentrated on "Anna Lucasla" with ils all-Negro cast, "Slate Of the Union" with its satire on politics, "Born Yesterday" with its story of bribery of a congressman, "A Magnificent Yankee," which concerns a progressive New Englander, Oliver Wendell Holmes. The elderly journalist has found all of ihese "vital" theater though he thinks American playwrights tend to overwrite and go on with love interest and trick endings after the play actually is over. Confident lhal he knows more about England than any other English ing journalist, American he is busy read- authors. Swaffer thinks more readable and worthwhile popular fiction is published here than in England. He considers Louis Bromfield the best American author of popular fiction, Sinclair Lewis great satirist. "Babbit" one of the great novels of all times. To him. 'il is exciting lo read American books and find in them revelations of lite 1 have never seen. In America, because of ra- "Nol only will Ihe $3,750,000,000 be fully repaid, bul American business will reap rich dividends through its access lo world markets on a fair and equal basis," he said. "Every section of Ihis country, every sector of our economy depends in part on world trade. The financial agreement will open the markets of England and many other countries to our exporters. "This means more exports for our farmers and manufacturers, more jobs for pur workers, more profits for business, and a higher income for all our oeople." On the other hand, Vinson asserted that if Britain fails to get Ihe loan she will be conipclled "by sheer necessity" to line up an economic bloc of nations accounting for possiblv half or more of total world imports and exports. The United Stales, he continued, would then be forced to form a counter bloc and the result would be "economic warfare" which this country "probably would win" but and Sen. Theodore Francis Green, D., R. I., were "not surprised"' at the Canadian report but for different reasons. McCarran said the United States had "toleraled" Soviet espionage long enough .and "il is time to stop it." Green suggested that any nation with a secret as big as the atomic bomb must anticipate that other nations would try to get it. He expressed hope the United States had equally good information Russia and 1 other military powers:' Chairman Tom Connally, D., Tex., of the Senate Foreign Relations committee called the Ottawa report "quite disturbing." This, he said, is "no time for sabotage or espionage by any governments or peoples." o- only at extreme cost. "World trade would be destroyed and all countries would suffer," "" Vinson said, •o- Thousands GreetTruman, and Churchill Fulton, Mo., March President Harry S. Truman and Winston Churchill, former prime minister of England, came to this small Missouri college town today for a major speech oh international relation by the British political leader. Thousands of townspeople and visitors crowded the streels to get a glimpse of the famous pair as they motored through the town lo Westminister college where they were dinner guesls of Dr. F. L. McLuer, president of the college, later, the former prime minister will speak on "The Sinews of They arrived «it 12:43 p.m. Ccn- -' '-•---•----' '"•-- - nearby tral Standard Time Jefferson City, the from state capital Ian- Labor party. Nov.' he is inturesled . joniy iu plays with a political point cial mixtures and the lack of assi- souvenirs, milulion especially in your large ciliua, there is drama " in where they left the presidential special train which brought them from Washington. A colorful crowd officially estimated at 8,000 to 10,000 was milling around in the sun - drenched center of Fulton today at least two hours before Churchill and President Truman arrived. "The Missouri Waltz" was a favorite with three bands that moved back and forth through the roped off streets under a .fluttering red and while banners proclaiming "Welcome Churchill" and "Welcome President Truman." The crowd almost filled sonic parts of the downtown thoroughfare iind hawkers pushed their way around with clusters of brilliant, baloons, pennants and other Russians Halt Reporters in Manchuria By RICHARD GUSHING Tientsin, March 5 —(fl 1 )— Russians, frozen by surprise at seeing 22 uninvited foreign news correspondents roaming Soviet-held Manchuria, have recovered — and barred the door. Now that the stories are out, they're stopping trains to Mukden to search them for foreigners. Only surprise could have enabled the coup which brought the first on-the-scene stories of Soviet activities, in the opinion of the first group of newsmen to return. For Soviet hospitality cooled after the first startled week. Undoubtedly any more foreigners appearing in Russian-held territory will be in for a rough time unless they have proper Soviet-approved credentials — especially when So- idont union pany's proposal "incomplete." I "Your proposition is thai the GM workers vote merely as to whether :hey wish to accept the corpora,ion's last offer and return to work on the basis," the letter stated. "If the worker's vote lo turn down thai proposition, we are still at Ihe same impasse." Instead of the single queslion, Ihe leller suggesled a ballol lhal would contain the following questions: '1—Do you favor return to work and eliding the current dispute on the basis of the corporation's offer of 18 1-2 cents an hour increase and its latest proposal on basic contract matters? of "2—Do you favor return to work on Ihe basis of the corporation's 18 1-2 cent wage increase offer and its latest proposals on basic contract "matters' 'with-' ttie"? understanding that all issues still in dispute shall be submitted to arbitration by an arbitrator appointed by the president of the United Stales?" The union letter asserted thai if the corporation's proposal were turned clown by the workers, settlement of the costly strike would be "delayed by as many days as it takes to arrange the mechanics of balloting." However, Ihe union officers added that if their proposal was accepted by GM, "we will immediately set in motion arrangements for such a vote." - Washington, March 5 —(UP) —: Labor Departmenl conciliators mel with company and union representatives today in a determined effort lo avert a nationwide blackout of telephone communications Thursday when 250,000 workers are scheduled to slaii a slrike. Representatives of the American Telephone and Telegraph Co. and the federalion of long lines workers conferred wilh Edgar L. Warren, director of the U. S. conciliation service. .Warren said he hoped thai a negotiated selllemenl of Ihe long lines case would sel Ihe pallern for olher lelephone induslry dis- pules. The six-member union delegalion was headed by John J. Moran, president of the long lines federation. Three company represen- lalives, led by assistant vice president George S. Bring, atlended. They mel in a conference room adjoining Ihe office of Ihe Secre- lary of Labor Lewis B. Schwellenbach. Before Ihe session, Dring told reporters thai the company was "always willing to negotiate." Moran was non-commital about possible courses of action before hearing Warren's suggestions. The strike called by the nalional federalion of lelephone workers was scheduled for 6 a.m. Thursday. Union leaders said the strike would disrupt long distance and loal manual systems first and later extend to dial syslems, radio, teletype systems and trans-ocean Franco Tells Allies That He Won't Quit viet officers hear what the have been writing about. boys (dishing wrote about: Sniping of Japanese war prisoners to Siberia; dismantling and removal of Manchurian industrial plants; full- dress military maneuvers of the Red Army outside Dairen.) The first wave of eight Americans and one British writer had grown weary of red-tape which kept them out of Manchuria. They wanted to cover what they considered a legitimate news story within the jurisdiction of Lt. Gen. Albert C. Wcdemeyer, U. S. commander in the China theater which includes Manchuria. So they climbed aboard a train to Mukden. Russians in Mukden still were suffering from that first shock when another group of a dozen correspondents arrived by the same expedient, bringing the total there to 21. A French newsman turned up later, alone. The first group found the Russians guarding the city with sub- machineguns. The newsmen didn't look around much, at first. The Soviets put them in the Intourist Laney Against Proposal Now for Special Session Little Rock, March 5 — (/P)— Governor Laney has turned the cold shoulder temporarily at least—on another proposal for a special session of the Arkansas Legislature. The executive committee of the Arkansas County Judges Association yesterday asked the governor lo call a special session to appropriate unallocated funds in. the state's surplus cash balances for construction of secondary roads. But Laney gave the group no encouragement that a special session would be called, Crittenden County Judge Cy Bond reported. A spokesman for the committee estimated that between $12,000,000 and $15,000,000 of the state's cash Hoover to Europe on Food Needs Washington, March 5 — (/P)—• F,or- mer President Herbert Hoover, today accepted an invitation by Pi'es- idenl Truman • lo go lo Europe lo survey food needs of thai.; conli- nent. • . "'-.. Mr. Hoover's acceptance > was announced by Secretary of- Agri culture Anderson following a--brtaH' fast discussion of the food situnl lion, altended by the former chie: executive, who carried, out foreign relief programs irr .Europe uftei •Worlct-War'-I:—-- -&!>&-v- ' •-'=••,"V- Anderson said Mr'.-Hoover will leave probably 'next week for Ihe food survey which may require 30 days to complete. It will be his objective to learn at first hand the actual needs of war-torn areas. Anderson said Hoover hoped to contact many persons who aided him in the food relief program in Europe following the First' World War. The former president will take several persons with him, including Dr. F. R. Fitzgerald, food allocations officer of the Agriculture Department. The others are to be named by Hoover later. Anderson said it was probable that Hover would <?o to France first. The secretary of Agriculture said the government, in sending Hoover abroad, sought to ascertain whether there is any "water" in statements of food relief requirements submitted by the various countries asking U. S. aid. md set up a new govern-. |; suggested in last night's, | lara- balances unencumbered money which could be used for anything the legislature aproved. A special session also has been asked by various factions for repeal of Act 107 of 1945, which separated the state Democratic primaries from those for nomination ol federal candidates. More than —o— 600 soecies of fish are found in the coastal waters of the Hawaiin islands. VA Opens Nine Additional Offices in Arkansas Little Rock, March 5 —(/P)— The Veterans Administration has opened nine additional offices in Arkansas, State Director James A. Winn announced today. The new contact units are at Hope, C a m d e n, Pocahontas, Fprdyce, Mena, Morrilton, Forrest City, Malvern and Mountain Home. With the expanded setup the Va has its regional office in Little Rock, sub-regional offices at Fort Smith, Texarkami and Jonesboro and 19 branch'off ices throughout the state. Notable historical and literary figures who played the flute were George Washington, Lord Byron, Dr. Johnson's Boswell, Robert Louis Stevenson, Rousseua, Scho- penhauer, Casanova. Cellini and Leonardo da Vinci. British Intend to Keep Semi-Permanent Force of 1,100,000 Men Under Arms By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER Associated Press Diplomatic Writer . Washington, March 5-—(/P)— Generalissimo Franco of Spain has' served notice on the United States • thai he has no inlenlion of leaving office under Allied pressure. '. A Slale Department official reported today that Franco, appar- nlly anticipaling the Anglo-Amer- can-French declaration against n's government, set forth, his stand n a note received here 24 hours jefore the three power statement t was issued yesterday. ; The note, containing vigorous as- , I serlions that Spain could run its' * own affairs without outside inter- f vention, was delivered at the State f Department by Juan Francisco de 1 Cardenas, Spanish ambassador^ The Stale Department official, A'ho asked not to be identified, said ic did not know whether similar loles had been delivered simul- laneously in Paris or in London. Washington, March 5 —(fl 3 )— American officials pinned their lopes today for overlhrowing Spain's Franco government almost entirely on the possibility that the Spanish army might force the gen- j eralissimo to yield to a caretaker ' regime. ' «• The chance that any other group &\ would,.be able to oust the Madrid '\\ dictator and sel up ment as Anglo-American-French decL lion is considered extremely thin, since no other force in Spain's po- < litical life is believed here to have' ' enough power. The declaration called on "leading patriotic and liberal-minded Spaniards" in effect to bring* about a 1 bloodless revolution because of ' Franco's close ties with the Hitler- y Mussolini' .Axis. The prooounce- •4nent...w,as!;issued simultaneously.;!!-Washington, 1 ;""- London a,u3.' Paris,, and government radios and other propaganda mechanisms were brought into instant play to make certain that it reaches the Spanish people. Along with the declaration, the fj United Stales released 15 hitherto f secrel documenls dug out of Gor- \ man government files. These were designed to 'show Franco's close and prolonged collaboration with , Hitler and Mussolini, involving, nromises in 1940 and 1941 to take Spain into Ihe war on Ihe side of the Axis. The objective of Ihe German war plans was to capture Gibraltar and strangle Britain's empire lifeline. The project fell through, according to statements which Franco , made to Hitler in a letler on Feb. 2G, 1941, because Spain was incap- \ able of existing withoul food im- i pods. Meanwhile, the documents brought out, Spain had agreed, to ; lelp with the refueling of German ! U-boats in her waters and of German destroyers in the Bay of Biscay. Also Franco wrote Hitler thai he was "entirely and decidedly at your disposal, united in a common historical destiny, deserlion from which would mean rnv suicide and lhat of Ihe cause which I have led and represent in bpain." As lale as Dec. 15, 1943, Franco was quoted in a memorandum by German Ambassador Hans Diechr off as having told the envoy that an English-American victory 'would mean his own annihilation." "He therefore was hoping with all his heart for the victory of Geri many," Diechoff said, "and he had only one wish, that Ihis viclory would come as soon as possible." Last night's declaration originally was proposed by the Uniled States government after France had asked for a three-power review of relations with Spain and had closed her Spanish Border. The declaration, staling that "there is no intention of interfering in the internal affairs of Spain," added: "the Spanish people themselves must in the long run work out their own destiny." The three governments, it went on, "are hopeful that the Spanish people will not again be subjected to the horrors and bitterness of; civil strife. "On the contrary, it is hoped, lhal leading patriotic and liberal- minded Spaniards may soon find By BRUCE W. MUNN London, March 4 — (UP) — Prime Minister Clement Attlec told Commons today that tends to keep a semi Britain m- permament hotel and said it would be danger-| force of 1.100,000 men under arms ous outside. The correspondents fumed, until eventually the Russians said they could roam. Certain factories, however, remained banned. The second wave registered at the Intourist without incident and \ the flat announcement that peace- proceeded to look over the city. I time conscription would be continued for ^lie present at least, to and is considering unifying her army, navy and air forces into a single striking arm greared to the military needs of the atomic age. Attlec opened a two-day military affairs debute in Commons with The first wave meanwhile decided to go to Changchun, the capital, m a i n I a i'n Britain's planned The Mukden commandant strongly strength and provide a constant re- urged them not to go. They went, seryoir of 100,000 trained men. by night. Thzt was a week ago, and The government plans, he snid, they haven't been heard from, ex- j to reduce the armed forces by the sec throughout the world a steady end of 1946 the 1.100.000 level — reduction of armaments in the fii- about 25 per cent of their wartime lure." .si;\v. That will include 175,000 men I Then lie made the unexpected in the royal navy, 750,000 in the disclosure that the British high cept indirectly. Chinese sources said they were detained at first, but later freed. Three newsmen — including this correspondent and Associated being, perhaps asking for a supplementary vote. . . But I have a very full knowledge of what our obligations are and what dangers we have to face, and one cannot afford to take risks." Attlec pointed out that the danger of Nazi uprisings in hunger- ridden Germany is still present and that "we have undertaken obligations under the (UNO) charter which we intend to fulfill." "Armed forces are the expression of policy, our policy of establishing free and democratic institutions and cooperating with the United Nations," he said. •It is impossible to look further ahead means to bring about a peaceful withdrawal of Franco, the abolition of the Falange (Franco's uniformed political organization' 1 , and the establishment of an interim or caretaker government under which the Spanish people may have an, opportunity freely to determine the type of government they wish to have and to choose their leaders. "Political amnesty, return of exiled Spaniards, freedom of assem bly and political association and. provision for free public elections are essential. An interim government which would be and would remain dedicated to these ends should receive Ihe recognition and support of all freedom loving peoples." Press photographer Julian Wilson wandered to Dairen. The Dairen commandant was nul happy about this, lie told us, in cl- every j Home oil burners were iirst if eel, lhal sve were standing tunin- iut.ed in Hit Unittd, States in 16^4. Ivittd, remember?.) on Suviut toil. command was considering rcorga nizing all the armed services under a unified command — a sort of Army and 275.000 in the air forces. "There is always the possibility of tilings going wrong in some part i of the world or other," Atllee said, j combined operations or commando"and if things went, wrong we [style force — which would scrap would have 10 coma to the house ] the traditional system of separate and ask to keep greater forces in j services. The State Police Say: Keeping to the right avoids confusion and delay, which may sometimes result in an accident.
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