The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on November 7, 1894 · Page 4
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 4

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, November 7, 1894
Page 4
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BBS ALGONA, IOWA, WEDNESBAY, , II13 one virtue of this story above all others is that i't is tftin; and; with a change of names only, is exactly as the records of the su^ prcine court of California tell it to-day. in 1800 Tom Jcrmyn, a youngster of 33, loft his hwnc in New Jor*-cy au.i sought fortune in the far ^\ i-st. As many before him had done, .lie vvYH'Ueil from place to place, for- -•viLinry the maxim that a rolling Stone "iilhcrs no moss, uud after having tv.'cd hnlf n dozen statjs and territo- rieslia found himself, in the spring of 1*01, in LOH Aug-jles, friendless.hoine- loss ar.'.t all but pannilcss. The situation was not a pleasant •HUM-. Tha "boom" of two or three ..years buforu had left the town quiet, iitu'l after a few weeks of searching he came to tho conclusion that his only •chance to escape starvation or the punitcntmry was tog-o into the mining- districts, and therefore thither he went. With varying success he found his way from another of the camps silong the Sierras, until one day he struck a naw one, far up the cout t.-y toward Death's valley, named "Last Ditch," and there fell into companionship and finally into partnership with ii man almost twice his ago by the name of John vSeklcn, "Quick Jim," its ho was better known in till the milling- region. ' The friendship was n, strange one. The boy, for he was but a boy, was not a drinker nor a thief, was willing to do as he would be dorio by, and to work. Selclen, on the contrary, was it hard drinker, loved framing- aricl cheating- of any und every sort, had killed his man, yes, men, being- known ;ts a desperado when in liquor, and •was altogether a person to be avoided. Aud yet the two seemed to have a mutual attraction, for their acquaint- since, beg-uii by chance, ripsned, as I have said, into actual friendship, and for nearly two years they were "partners" in all business relations and bccams much attached to each other.. '• The fellowship was lilca to do Jer- Tnyn harm rather than to help Selden, but such was not the case. The elder man turned a sharp corner, became interested in actual mining in tho legitimate way, drunk but little and almost--never got into any row. His old companions viewed the change with delig-ht, for he had always been considered "dangerous," and the hope was generally expressed that Jim's 3asfc love was going- to reform and make a worthy man of him. ,(- Matters were in this happy state when the two became possessed of a mining claim near Dry Salt lake in tho El Paso district, which rapidly developed into a valuable one, and from which they took a considerable quantity of gold. Day after day they worked as neither of them had ever worked be- Jorc, and night after night they estimated their increasing wealth and JL_ i "JIM, LOOK Ul'!" AND FIItED. figured on the time, apparently near at hand, when they should have enough of the precious dust to return to civilization, able to establish themselves in some regular business. They were, in fact, making a profit of several hundred dollars per day, when, just as fortune had thus turned her tickle smile upon them, Seldeii fell a prey to his old enemy, beg-an to drink to excess, became at once sullen, ugly ?vnd overbearing to all about him, and, as he had never done before, turned upon his boy partner and charged him with defrauding him in their partnership division. Surprised and hurt, Jermyn for a time tried to explain to his friend that he was dealing fairly in all things, but day by day Seldon grew worse, until one night, as they wore weighing 1 the result of their work, he turned like a wild beast upon Jermyn, threw him out of the cabin where they lived) cast liis bag of accumulated dust after him, und swore that if he ever laid eyes on him again he would sh pot him dead. Filled w;th ansrer at the unjust treatine at, tho young- fellow would hfrve sought another interview had »ot older and cooler heads advised him to keep away for a time, aud therefore, he retired to the cabin o£ another miner not a mile away, waiting until BeUlen should en'd Uis de-> bo in'a this contrary, no sooner had the eider man broken with his partner than he pluhged'into deeper excesses than before, gave up his work, finally sold the claim at a great sacrifice, and spent all his time in savage drunkenness, constantly swearing that he had but one thought left in life, and that to find and kill Jcrmyn. Too often the man who has done another a wrong hates him for that very reason, strang-e as it may seem, and that Was tho condition of mind tli&k Selden had now reached. Meantime, Jermyn, advised by men who had known Seldon for years, hid himself and xvaited from day to day, hoping against hope that a change might come. But no change came, and one day by some chance Seldeii learned that Jermyn was still in the camp, and the rage with which he began a house to house or cabin search for him led the latter>3 friends to at ones smuggle him as far as Granite Spring-s, twenty miles over the divide. They hoped that this would satisfy Selden, but the man had become crazed; one idea filled his mind—the murder of Jermyn—and with ail the cunning of a lunatic he sought the trail of the fleeing boy. Threats of death, curses and oaths of the most terrible form, rage that knew no bounds filled the air about him where- over he paused, and the story of his determined rovungo spread among the mining camps in the desert, so that Jcrmyn was warned and continued his flight from point to point to avoid his pursuer. Imagine the situation; a mere boy, unused to the wild lawlessness of that border laud, friendless and far from home, pursued by .one who should have nothing against him, but whom he knew to bo a murderer and willing to do as ho threatened; is it any wonder that his nerves gave way? Well, they did, aud after being- driven from Granite Springs to Grant, and in turn to Cottonwood, Point of Hocks and San Bsruadiuo, he finally sought cover in Los Angeles itself, hoping that his enemy would not follow him into that city lest he might fall into the hands of the law. But he did not know S;lden. Cra/.ed with liquor and the one idea that he had turned within his seething brain for a month, ho learned with fiendish joy that Jermyn was in the city, and thither he went post haste, seeking- for himself a loclg-lng- in one of the third rate hotels upon lower Main street, and searching-the town each day for his selected victim. For a week or more the other dodged him; msn who knew them both warning him and helping him to conceal himself. Why he did not call upon the authorities for protection is not known, but they could do little, for bail to keep the peace would have been a straw buckler to save Jcrmyn from the bullet or knife of his enemy. Day by day and night by iiig-ht the boy watched and dodged aud listened and started, unable to rest or sleep, or eat; frightened more by the horrible \incertainty of when the end would come than by that end itself, until his brain, too, was turned, and for the time he became as crazed as tho man who was following- him. He reached one conclusion, either he must kill Selden or Saldeii would kill him, and life .seemed too sweet, with all its terrors, to loss it at twenty-three; and this is what he did: Finding where the elder man was staying he eugag-ed a room in one of the small two-storied buildings opposite. The room looked upon the .street and commanded tho entrance to Selden's hotel; and, having secured a shot gun which he loaded with buckshot, ho took up his station in the upper window, behind a half opened blind, and waited the coming- of his former partner. For some reason two days passed without Jermyn's seeing- Selden. During- this time, with only a pause for a few hours of rest and a bite to eat, the half-crazsd boy, gun in hand, watched, with flaming- eyes and heart that throbbed as if it would suffocate him; watched and waited the chance to kill tho man whom he feared. Each moment that passed burned into his seething brain u greater fear; each hour scorched him with a more terrible dread, and the horror that hr.''l haunted him for a month shut out ull else. The world turned red before his staring eyes, and blood seemed to trickle down the grimy wall about him! It was noon of the third day. Half exhausted, kneeling with his gun thrust across the window sill ancl his chin resting upon it, Jermyu glared down the narrow street. Suddenly a figure appeared, approached—it was Selden! Cautiously, with all the method and care of a madman, the boy cocked his weapon, pushed its barrel a little further out, dropped his head so that his eye ran along- it, and just as the other was opposite, within three rods of the grim muzzle, ho cried: "Jim, look up!" and fired. Selden's face was raised, his eyes caught sight of the red flames, he whirled half about, his hand at his hip, and fell dead \ipon the pavement, his heart shot'out! For a month Jermyn was in the hospital, but when at last lie had recovered from the terror and strain of his experience and was brought to trial it was a matter of groat ease for his counsel to obtain an acquittal and a verdict of "justifiable homicide," for all the jury felt that it was "kill, or be killed," and not the less was that their conclusion when it appeared that the dead man's hand, warned by the voice that spoke from the window even as the triggers had been pressed, had sprung to hi? pj&tol and half drawn it Before the fatal buptehql; b,o4 $wn his UetH'fc »»d IJfe from AND MATTERS OF INfEfcESt TO AGRICULTURALISTS. Up to Date Hints About CnlHt*- Mott ot thft Soil nmt f lcl«t« Thereof- Horticulture VlUctitture And llorl* enltur*. Cultivation of In connection with this article we show a root of the danaigre plant, or, speaking more correctly, a tuber, part of the root system, tt is shaped much like & sweet potato, a little darker than the "Jersey sweet" At the top will be noticed a crown, and. it is this that is used for planting. The bulk of the tuber is taken for use in the manufacture of tannin, but of every one so taken the top or crown is replanted for the future crop. This must be & great saving in the Way of seed, which with most crops is a great expense, It being necessary to use merchantable products for the reproduction of the crops. A gentleman well, acquainted with the regions in which canalgre is grown the roots, so are a little of the ground, cover too deep. says that in cultivating it, they run the rows thirty inches apart. The roots are planted nine inches apart in the rowa The covering is an easy matter and one that consumes little time. The farmer simply runs a plow along and covers that the crowns below the surface Care is taken not to After the ground is settled about the plant, and the plant has had time to partly develop, irrigation begins, and the crop is irrigated three or four times during the season. After each irrigation the cultivator is put to work. Students of the plant and its requirements believe that it is better not to irrigate much, as the plant by nature is fitted to an arid region and consequently is benefltted by a certain amount of drouth. Its actual water requirements are Email. One important fact connected with the cultivation of this plant is that it can be planted at any season of the year and dug at any season. Thus it is seen to be a plant that waits upon the convenience of man. It does not call loudly for his attention when he is busy with some other crop,that per chance can not brook delay. It makes a rapid growth. If it be planted in the fall it is ready to dig in te^n months, or it can be left in the ground for two or three years. At the end of ten months or a year it will produce, so growers claim, from eight to twenty tons per acre. An average crop is about ten tons to the acre the first year. If it be left in the ground for another year before being harvested the yield is about eighteen tons to the acre. Eor the third year, if the crop be not gathered before, there is an increase in the size of the tubers, but it is not proportionately so great as during the first two years. At the end of three years the crop must be harvested or the tubers will become hard and worthless. It is regarded more profitable to harvest the crop at the ,end of the second year. During its period of growth the plant, in its native &tate at least, dies down twice a year. Put during this time it is claimed, that the proportion of tannin increases, probably by chemical action. The natural habitat of the plant seems to b^ in southwestern New Mexico. This is on high tableland, the altitude above the sea being about 4,500 feet- It should be mentioned that this crop is admirably adapted to be grown on a farm devoted to diversified agriculture, since it leaves a great deal of spare time that may be given to other classes .of farm product. THE RiNDKBi'BST,-—The Rinderpest caused immense losses to cattle owners in Russia last year. In five provinces 130,QQ t O animals attacked or threatened by tjws disease died or were slaisgfot- ered. In one province the peasantry lost e4iQQO bead of cattle! ia another prpvjnpe, the qrder gate rise to rte killed, are, paid |oj, feuj tto 48i§ - AnthfH* In inhibit. The Illinois state board ot stock commissioners have issued the following circular: Last summer a very Serious outbreak of malignant anthrax occurred in several counties in the southern part of this state. The disease has again made its appearance. It is fatal in a majority of cases. Horses, cattle, sheep, hogs, and all warm blooded animals are readily affected by it, and it is peculiarly dangerous from the fact that it attacks mankind by inoculation. Animals that die of this disease should not be skinned or handled. All dead carcasses should be burned at once. While a small per cent of the affected animals recover, there is no known cure. This disease is, in France, known as Charbon; in Germany, as Milzbrand. It is caused by a certain form of bacterial life known as the Bacillus Anthracis. The bacillus is rod shaped, and can only be seen with a microscope- Within the living animal these rods take up oxy- gon and yield up carbonic acid gas, which accounts for the condition of the blood of acutely affected animals — blackness, imperfect coagulation and speedy decomposition. There are three forms of the disease: the apopletic, acute and sub-acute. In the apopletic, death ia sudden. A horse may drop dead in the harness, or a cow may die while she is being milked. In tho other types tho pro* gross of tho disease is slower. In the sub-acute the animal may recover. The pathological appearances are veins engorged with black, tarry-like blood, bloody colored water in tho chest and abdomen, a red spotted appearance of the intestines, the spleen irregularly engorged with black blood, giving it a peculiarly mottled appearance. In many cases the lungs are completely clogged with blood. The larger lymph glands are much enlarged. The liver in many cases is congested and greatly increased in size and weight. Medication is very unsatisfactory. Local tumors may be treated with strong liniments or' carbolic acid lotions, and ten or twenty drops of this acid may be given to large animals in drinking water daily. In the sub-acute cases, iron preparations, sulphite of sodium, carbolic acid and stimulants may bo give with beneficial results. External tumors should have free incision and application of disinfectant lotions. The following rules prepared by Dr. M. K. Trumbower, state veterinary surgeon, should be carefully observed: 1. All animals that die with this disease should be immediately burned, not buried, for the reason that burial of such carcasses preserves the germ of the disease, as it has its primary residence in the soil. 2. No dead animal should be skinned, or in any way handled by persons with sore, wounded or scratched hands. 3. Dogs and hogs should not be allowed near a dead animal, as they readily contract the disease by eating the blood or flesh. 4. All animals — horses, mules, cattle and hogs — should be removed from tho infected region to upland pastures, clear of any timber or stagnant pools of water. If this is not available^ they should be closely Tioused in darkened stables to exclude the Hies. Work horses and mules, when out of the stable, should be covered by a sheet from head to tail to protect them from tho flies. Flies frequently are the carriers of the contagion from the diseased or dead animals to healthy ones. By a strict observation of these rules, the disease may be controlled to a very great extent, possibly completely eradicated. As this disease is a menace to public health, in all counties affected by anthrax, local boards of health should be organized under the state laws, and prompt and efficient measures for the enforcement of the above rules should be adopted. Such action was taken last summer by the authorities of Wayne, Clay and Edwards counties, where the following 1 rules were inforced: Whereas, An infectious disease, known as malignant anthrax, exists in Wayne, Clay and Edwards counties among domestic animals, which disease is also communicable to , persons; and, Whereas, The only known ways to prevent the spread of said infectious disease is by cremating the bodies of all animals dying from such disease, isolating those animals affected with the disease, and isolating the grounds and premises where the disease has existed: Therefore, The following rules have been drafted, and will be placed in the hands of the local boards of health of these counties for their guidance in discharging their duties ;n their respective townships: 1. All dead domestic animals shall be cremated at once by the owner. 2. Dead domestic animals shall not be removed farther on the premises of the owner than is necessary for the purposes of cremation, without the written permission and consent of the local board of health. 3. All animals suffering from disease shall be separated from all other animals, and should be so placed that in case, ol death they may be cremated without further removal. 4. Ne diseased anhnala shall be njitt$4 to the. Wg&way, or tiolftfcldti of any o? the or any latertefefice iwlth the offlcew authorized tb eilforea the foregoing rules, shall be punished by a flue fiol to axceed one hundred dollara (9100) fdr each offense, id be recovered before any cjotitt of competent jurisdiction, as prescribed by section 3, article 4, of an ordinance for the protection of public health, under the general act establishing a state board of health in the state of Illinois in force July i, IS?"/. It shall be the duty of members of the local board of health to enforce the foregoing rules in their respective townships. The result was that within twenty days the disease was checked and vh- tually under control, although the condition of the weather was tin* changed There . ia great danger that by neglect in burning the carcasses of animals dying of anthrax, districts may become permanently infected, to the destruction of the live stock interests. The board earnestly hopes that in all places where this disease may appear, the citizens and the authorities will recognize the danger and at once put into effect the above cited sanitary rules. ^^ AVliemt Teaks ill Cnm|)iil(fn. Bulletin No. 34 of the Illinois agricultural experiment station gives results of experiments in wheat culture at that station for season of 1S93-4, summaries of previous experiments and comparisous with results at several other stations. The autumn of 1803 was so dry that wheat was not sown until the last days of September and did not make a vigorous growth until spring. The harvest, however, was exceptionally good. The average yield from 75 plats, including 00 varieties, was almost 30 bushels -per acre. The largest yield from any p)at was at the rate of -IS.4 bushels, the smallest 17.4 bushels per acre. Twenty-six plats each gave yields of over 40 bushels per acre; nine under :.'"> bushels. The average weight per bushel was 01.5 pounds. The wheat from six plats weighed less than 00 pounds per bushel. The average yield of straw was at rate of 3,080 pounds per acix, varying Iroin 1.-I35 to 5,37") pounds. On each of thirty-one plats the yield was at the rate of more than 4,000 pounds; on twelve at rate of less than 3,000 pounds per acre. None of the wheat was lodged. The yields in the variety test, in which wheat samples obtained under 00 different names, some of them however.elosely resembling each other, were sown, seems to have been much more influenced by slight differences in the elevation and exposure of the plats than by difference of variety. Seventy-two plats, one rod by eight, were used In eight rows of nine plats each. The greatest difference in the average yields of the plats in the rows of nine plats was four bushels per acre; in the cross rows of eight plats fourteen bushels per acre. Pour plats were sown of one variety. The yields of these were at the rate of 34.3, 35.3, 42.4, and -10.3 bushels per aero. The smallest yields were from plats with a southeastern exposure and slightly elevated above the general level. The largest yields were from level plats on lower ground. The varieties giving the largest yields were New Michigan Amber, 48.4; Yellow Gypsy, 40.5j Crate,, Rock Velvet, 45; Royal Australian, 44.7; Currell's Prolific, 43.7; Diehl Mediterranean, 43.7; Missouri Blue Stem, 43.0; but it would not be safe to make this fact conclusive evidence of the superiority of these varieties over others tested. The wheat crop of 1893 was a failure. In 1803 the best yielding varieties were the following: Hindustan, Diehl Mediterranean, Dietz, Tuscan Island, Lehigh, Orate, Tasmania red. Currell's Prolific also gave a large yield, as did Nigger, which prave a yield of 40 busheis in 1804. In trials for several successive years, Valley stood first at the Ohio station, second in Pennsylvania and third in Indiana. In 1893 the yields of each of four plats sown with a mixture of several varieties was somewhat greater than the average of the varieties composing this mixture. Seed from these mixtures was sown in fall of i8s)3. In but one case was the yield greater than the average yield of all the plats, and in but one was it greater than that of the plats adjoining, Six plats were sown with different quantities of seed, the drill being set to sow from three to nine pecks an acre. The largest yield was from plats sown at the rate of four pecks per acre; second from sowing six and third from sowing eight peeks peraere. The plat sown at rate of seven pecks per acre was injured by rabbits. In trials for five yeara slightly the largest yields h&ve come from Bowing eight pecks per acre, but there was a difference of only one bushel per acre whether four, six, or eight pecks were sown. Under favorable conditions the thinner sown wheat has a. larger number of stalks per stool. In four years' trials there was a difference of but one bushel per acre in the yield, whether the sowing wa.e made as early as Sept, 11, or as Ifr-te as Oct. 5. DUELING IN - if On* at VrtBftf Jtt finttinnd* It tit ly «m the int-t-oAse «*t tiie treMt ficnt. tt is ft curious feature* of the ngg the practice of dttellliitfi which completely died out hi this should not be only still in Vttgur* continent, but. spreading with nlftfmflif fls rapidity from the nnuy nhrt-itobfll to all classes of the popultttldnv peaceful citizen \vlio minds life business in Australia is now liable nuy hour of tho day or the n!ghi>tofS* ; f| cetve n, formal challenge from his bdot* : '.i maker or his baker, who, a day, two later may assiimc—for tills siott only—the character' of h!& fout'cllef* In France, it is true, tho affair of *lion» rr , or" is seldom quite so dangefotta nS tile £ weekly trials of skill among 0Pt'ittatt.v/fr. University students, known tls "Men*<-, J "'sur." which often lead to the loss of ft,, bit of an ear or ilose, always end in. blood, and oiice in a while culminate in death. In Italy, Anstrln, Hungary and othotf lauds an encounter of this kind is Hi much more formidable matter. Thousands of well-meaulug men 'hud promising youths are yearly disabled, crip* pled or killed ou the altar of "knight* ly honor." JOvery man lu those coun* tries carries his life lu his hands, so to say, aud journalism, politics, tho bur, Ihe army and navy—in a word, every- walk lu life except the Church—are closed to him who conscientiously refuses to give or accept'a elwllougo to mortal combat ou the slightest provocation, real or Imaginary. Our fo/cigii correspondents liavo more than once described sanguinary duels in the army the principals Of which—mere lads, still in the military school—were bosom friends ignorant of Avhat they were lighting for. tu one wise two youths were playing in tho. school yard when an oflleer drew near- and asserted that one had touched the other on the cheek and thus insulted! him. The boys, who were In n better position to know than a spectator looking- down from n, two pair buck) window, K denied the statement emphatically, but the commanding- officer gave one of them his choice between railing out hl» friend and being expelled from the establishment. Tho "meeting took plnce ti few days later, and when it was over one ol' the two friends and comrades had to be carried off to the hospital dangerously wounded and disabled lor life. A short lime ago officers ill the Itussian army were commanded by no- less a personage 'than the Csjnr himself to fight a duel at a distance of twelve paces, and to exchange three shots apiece—which, .strange to say, they did without more tangible results than dis- turbiug the mounds of crisp, sparkling snow at each other's feet. And now learu that His Majesty has introduced tho ready-made European code and! courts of "honor" into his army, and! that in future every real or constructive insult put upon nn officer must be washed out with human blood.—London Telegraph. HOUSES OP PABis. —Tine slaughter houses of Paris ire A LA CONAN DOYLE. Wonderful IiiNtaiice of Police aolty Out Clilcn&o Wuy. The door opened and there enmo intr the 'Chirk street office of the faraou night watchman and detective a tail man with a. wrinkled face mid a pair of keen, gray eyes. "You are' from North Clark street,* said the detective. Tho ninn Btarted convulsively, "How; did you know it?" he asked, "By tho two shiny spots on your coat-sleeves. Those -^pots mark when* your arms rest on the window-sill whiU> you are leaning out to watch tho cable- cars go by. Every one ou North Clark street does that. You-Jlvo on the west side of the street," ' "Wonderful," gasped the visitor. ."You ask mo why I know, Beeauso your right arm i,s longer than tho other. In catching the cable cars you grab the rail with your right hnnd, niul tho jerking you receive day by day has lengthened your arm so that to a trained eye the difference is apparent It you lived on the east side ol 1 the> street you would use the left hand for catching the rail. You are a widower and your wife was red-headed," "True enough," said the visitor, star» ing in amazement, "How do I know these things? Because I see that watch duiin on yoiu- vest. It. is woven of red hair- If ypm- wife was alive you wouldn't think enough of her to wear a chain made out ot her lialr, and if you hnd ro- murried you wouldn't dare to bo wearing it. You have just come from Wn» coin rark. I can smell peanuts on. you. At one time you were a police otV ilcor. I saw you look both ways befpre you 'canto in that door. Force of habit, you know. You have been shooting crapH. Your right hand. Is soiled front your little linger back to tho wrist. That, is caused by raking up the dice from a dusty table, you need a shavo and ate soft-boiled eggs for breakfast. Now, what can I 'do-far yonV" Aw4 tho groat detective and night \valclunwi sut back into .-a listening attitude. "Just wanted to ask you if the Chrome company has an otUeo in building?" Thus what might Iwve been a great; detoc-tlvo Blory cuiuo to a ahoi't stop,-* Chicago llecord, llorscmu always hear with evident regret tho announcement Qj tb,e in-. tended marriage pf their jockeys. , T& , bo smro, it }WB "• tewlency fa steady, them, but then turfmen ejalm marriage's Bowers a good hoy. This seenjs to l»J» vUe. turning point in }iis career, nu,a WQ* mutter how courageous uud (Jarjuj* jje> y \uivo bojttu before* ft great al\v»y$ wotted after b,lg (08$ ridos around -rushes* throujjli v* fa

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