The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on October 31, 1894 · Page 3
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 3

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, October 31, 1894
Page 3
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DAlBY AIND OUfc fcURAL •* to the Fut-mcfn Operate «fcl« of the iiomcstead— Hints Cats of Live Stock fcnd lilf* Flocits. The experiment of feeding chickens «>tt a large scale has often beea tried, ft«d, 6,0 far as We caa learn, has neve* eeca successful unless they are provided with separate houses and seDar- *tc« runs some distance from e'ach mthpr. Mr. Tilliaghart of Penasyl* •vaniA lells how this Was maaaged iti -on • instance, which might be easily «> d cheaply tried by others who arc •»uti b,iious to em bark ia tho business. '•'i'lio most successful egg producer t ever saw built small houses out around the outskirts of his farm and about a dozen hens la each, had a wagon road running around tivr the line of houses and drove an •old horse and cart around to carry food and water to them every morn- 3ng. lie also carefully husbanded the Jnunure from Under their roosts, which »ie used in tanks of water, thus forming a liquid manure which made his •celery and other garden truck the won•der of the neighborhood. Probably «00 good hens kept in twenty-five snug little houses built on the outskirts of a 100-acre farm and faithfully fed every morning, but allowed their liberty ex- •cept to bo closed against intruders at night, would afford more actual profit than all the rest of the farm stock and crops put together. A house eight feet square, built by setting a post for each corner, say ten feet high in front and eight feet at rear, then building a. tight plank floor on scantling attached to these, throe feet abovo the .ground, thus forming a basement j •which should be tightly enclosed on three sides, but with a good sized door on the south side, which is to be left open in daytime, but closed at night, ^vill afford room enough for twenty- five fowls. An inclined plane leads from the basement up into the roosting room above, which is always •warm and dry. This arrangement .gives the fowls a snug, warm runway and scratching pen which they will Appreciate during cold, stormy and windy weather, and. not compel them to constantly run over their night droppings. No foundation is necessary by this plan, and a shed roof a dry and Well aerated, bat should any portioa of this incrustation become detached, the organic lubstaaees within It become rancid da exposure to the air, and conteV their dftlet Sri- oUS action to the milk which is placed in these vessels, in dairies where & jet of steam is available, it is of the greatest advantage to expose the utensils to its aetion for about half a minute. The addition of a Small quantity of soda to the water Used for cleansing purposes is very useful, but cats must be taken to wash away every trace of substance from the vessels. Whenever milk or its pred' ucts present abnormal conditions of doubtful origin, it is well to wash the utensils carefully with a weak soiu-> lion of chloride of lime. If an incrustation is deposited on glass or earthenware vessels, it can easily be removed with coacentrated sulphuric acid or bicromate of potash. Finally, all utensils should, after washing, be exposed to a current of air, in order to expel any odor which they may otherwise retain, Vessels of well enameled iroa require aeration least, whereas those of wood or of unglazed earthenware require it most — Translated from La Laterle. Avoid Loss from Cold, Hens may fail to lay also because of improper feeding,says Poultry Keeper. An egg is very complete in its composition, as it will produce a chick, and the food must necessarily correspond. The safest way and best course to pursue is to feed a variety. When this is done, and some of the hens lay regularly, and others not, it is time to save food by getting .-id of those that are unprofitable. Why is it that hens will be in good condition, have red combs, and as soon as the first cold snap comes every one of them will stop laying? That this happens, and more frequently than is desired, is a deplorable fact only too well known to farmers. It is a matter that is worth the attention of poultry men or philosophers. It is a serious thing when eggs are selling at three cents apiece to have the hens suddenly cease laying when they should be filling the egg basket. It seems hard for the hens after laying as regularly as clock work during the summer when eggs are low, to shut down the egg factory just when there is the heaviest demand. But there is a cause for it That much will be unanimously admitted. But what is the cause? It is not because of lack of food, as the cessation of egg production may happen in a single day. It £«&<&«* *M Whipped Take nil* & ddzea large fceestmje peaches, yelldWi lab &tod Hindbtb, Place them in a dish and cover them With very hot water; let them stattd itt the scalding water for half of three- quarters of a minute, then cover them with cold water and add a lump ol ice as large as a cocoanut. let them f e< main in the Water for ten of fifteen minutes, then lift them out one by oae and f emote the skia by starting it with a knife and polling it geatly with the fingers as one does in peeling tomatoes after a similaf treatment. When the skins are removed put the peaches into a large earthefa dish, being careful to pile them on top of each othef as little as possible, and place the dish in the refrigerator. Take one plat of cream, half a tumbler' of sherry and sugar to taste. It should be a little sweeter thaa ordinary whip. Stir till the sugar is dissolved. Set the cream in a dish of ice and beat it with an egg beater thick and smooth. Take the peaches from the refrigerator, carefully cut them in halves, remove the stone, cut a little slice off tho round side of each half, and place them on a flat dish with the inside of the peach uppermost Lay a tablespoonful of the whipped cream ia eacli cavity and put a border of the whipped cream around the dish. This makes a very delicious as well as ornamental dish. HE SINGS THEffi SONGS tHE POtet SOUtHLANOs tHfe ef tti« ; i.!fo O f it ttlgcn to fame tlironjfli 111* Gfeniug—MJ« tines ttt Mxzlc—A ttftt-d WoHtlngf Walter. tAittthia *» MEAT ON Quiou TIME. — More meat can be produced in the shortest time from the duck thaa from any other living thing on the farm. The farmer who has a drake and six ducks will get something like 800 or 1,000 eggs from them in a year, and he can set the hens and have ducklings from the time the first lot comes out, which is often as early as February, until late in summer. It should not cost over 0 cents to produce a pound of duck meat, and then grow so rapidly as to leave chicks far in the rear. A duckling should .weigh, if forced, four pounds in eight weeks. Wo have had them to gain a pound in one week. Of course we had the Pckins, and used only the largest and best we could procure for breeding purposes, and we have raised hundreds that never saw water except ia a trough, no ponds or streams being used. No quicker way of supplying meat for the farmers' table can be suggested than for him to hatch out a large lot of ducklings, and he can get a good price for all he may sell, Roast duck is a better dish ;h an salt pork, and can be had just as Cor«-esjjan<Jcmce. | 1* TimoUGlt T1TE noise of the printing presses a stuffy little elevator carried us to the top of the tall Constitution b it i 1 d i n g\ There, above the bustle nnd restlessness of this modern southern city, in a tiny little office, We found the man whose songs have floated out across the smokestacks of Atlanta, across the Georgia, cotton- fluids, across the continent and across the seas. In personal appearance Frank L. Stanton is a thoroughgoing business man, and looks as if ho had always gotten the best of his wrestles with fate. No one is so much surprised as he at the turn his life has taken. Being "at home" to hard, prosiac work, and merely scribbling verses to fill up newspaper space, ho seems nothing short of astonished that fate should have picked him up without warning' and set him astride Pegasus. Doubtless ho feels HULL Mrs. Stanton believed that bads ft>ihil A day well learned was a gbod spiritual nose for a little boy.and this study was, e „_« *e;Tr nodoubt, the education of the poet's M b , Sae f*«a «»*"% sense of rhythm and meter, indeed, , A Stl Petefsfeufg fetter __, that musical sense is so well developed been decreed by the e^af'te folfetftfijii itt his nature that lie no more thinks of *hat Siberia Is too gbbd fdf measuring his verses by rhetorical rules ~" * thafi by a yardstick. .Like every little David Copperfield that is born into the world, he had his "eldest Miss Larkins" at whose shrine he worshiped. The following is his very first poem, and dedicated to her: ahd as soon as the if anS^ibgfian way has penetrated its it will be tufned ihio 6 to cheaply, as the duck can be raised on is nob due to disease, for the hens may I the same food that is required for probe healthy. Tho cause is lack of ducing pork.—Poultry Keeper. FliANK I,. 8TANTOX. very much as the politician did when he asked, "AVhere am I at?" lie writes all his verses in his uninviting-looking office—a queer spot for the muse of poesy to find a resting place in. A11. about are tho roofs and chimneys of factories, and below a perfect network of railroads. When asked how he wrote with that unlovely prospect before him, he pointed to a'bit of blue sky above the smokestacks and Kiiitl: "I just stare at that and it has to come." Alight \ve not nil be poets in a degree if we would only look up into the blue that spans our sordid worlds and hold communion with our better selves? The history of the boyhood and manhood of Frank lv. Stanton is interesting- to lovers of literature through the natural curiosity which searches out the personality of men of letters, but it should have a deeper and more abiding interest for all thinking- minds us a I think of LUzJe when my soul is sad, when cares perplex me; I thinkpf Lkaie when my heart is glad, With naught to vex Hie. I think of Lizzie when i hear a strain I've heard her singing; 'Tig then 1 fancy that 1 hear again Her sweet voice rlnglug. Having lost his father at a very early age, Frank Stanton spent the threa years of his life from 0 to 12 in sawing wood for a living. From then on for a number of year? lie worked in the fields under the hot southern suns, gaining his knowledge of books from Ins voracious application to them after the sun had gone down on his field of daily labor. Jt is to this period of his ife that the poet has recourse for the naterials of his "Songs of tho Soil," rat it is to the mellowing-, idealizing intervention of years that the inspiration is duo. As lie himself says, a man vho is in daily contact with a plpw loesn't wax poetical on the subject. When about !> years old the poet was for a little while office "imp" on the Savannah Aloruinsr News, and while th'ere it was part of his duty to sweep the office of a slim young news reporter by the name of Joel Chandler Harris. "Uncle Remus" had not then been born into the world of stories, and Mr. Harris was employing his spare moments in writing verses. From the News office their paths led apart, and each passed out of tho other's memory till very recent years brought them together again. From farm labor Air. Stuiiton went into the newspaper office, drifting about through South Carolina and Georgia as a typesetter and printer, all the time scattering his verses like flowers along tho way. A good providence kept the youth in the fields till his heart was bound to nature anc" from thence led him to world wide fame. To Kill ut Two Miles. The new rifle which has been adopted in the United States army weighs only eight pounds and will kill a man at a distance of two miles, says a writer in Hardware. With the use of smokeless powder it is said that the man would bo killed before he heard or knew of the report. The bullet is to be of nickel or steel. PRINCESS HELENE. Tho Diuiglitnr of tho Itiiyal Kongo of irrunou. [Special Corrosponclonco.l The most interesting member of the «>ealled "Royal House of France" at tho present time is undoubtedly .Prin- :ess llolene of Orleans, the charming sister of the young duke on whom the attention ol all the French monarchists is centered. Lovely and accomplished and the heiress of an immense fortune-she will FRENCH WAR SHIPS IN NEW YORK HARBOR, A BULL RACE IN REVIKW. trifle more than eight feet square covers 128 feet of floor space. A half dozen • Norway spruce trees set in a srroup on the northwest side about a rod away from the house for windbreak and shelter completes the arrangement. Such a colony of fowls should be healthy and happy, and if they receive the ordinary requirement of food and attention should shell out the eggs in a manner which will afford 9, good substantial profit. Cleanliness In the Dairy, Cleanliness in the dairy is indispensable if the best results are desired, Taking this for granted, and without discussing how those bacteria which bare a deleterious action on milk develop best where cleanliness is least, It will only be observed of the dairy Jtself that it should cootain no part can aot be thoroughly-cleansed, in its walls no crevices which Afford harbors of refuge to these bacteria. As regards the dairy uten? sils, it should be a golden rule never to use any more than once without carefully washing it. The cleansing of dairy vessels presents difficulties which, vary with the substances of which they are made, vessels of wood or up glazed earthenware, for instance, requiring- more care than smooth vessels such as of glass, The same is true, 3n4in a greater degree, of 'enameled ! utensils which have npt been enameled. II the receptacles o| metal, they should be washed, t- with hot, then with cold water, then dried with a -sloth. But ve$- of wood should be left to dry ^naturally, and not dried with a cloth; there is a likelihood of f ore- estra»epu8 . matter into the of the wood, This matter 1 8 gradually tQ ego,? lorn Je J&e a 1 are ' warmth. While the heat of the t comes from the food, yet the cold ma; be so intense that digestion is not sufficient to create the heat necessary to protect the bird against the cold. Every breath of wind that touches the body or air that is inhaled is warmed by the bird, and that warmth may be lost so rapidly as to cause the hen to suffer from cold. Egg production ceases because nature's , first effort will be to protect the bird before it is permitted to do extra work in production. Having theorized on the cause, what is the remedy? It is simply to guard against the loss of animal heat. This is done by keeping the oold winds away, by providing shelter and sunny places for the bens, by feeding warm food, and giving warm water. No ventilators, cracks or openings are to let in the cold air. If you wish the bens to lay as they do in summer they must have summer conditions. It is as necessary to guard against cold snaps and sudden changes of temperature as for the mariner to watch for squalls in orde.r to protect his ship. Is It Cruel tp l>}uclc J4ve tloese? A ease of some importance to those concerned in the feather industry was leard at Spalding on Tuesday, when a Ipcal farmer and goose dealer, named William Bennett; was prosecuted by the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals for plucking live geeee. During a lengthy Bearing it was contended by the defense that properly conducted, there was no pain or cruelty ie the practice, and. that its prohibition wpuld e,t<?p *W important industry in Lincolnshire. »n4 pther countries. The magistrates dismissed the Oft6e,-rA£vicu.ltu,r#l Oa- aetto, England. • FOB POULTRY.—Milk in every form may be properly fed to poultry, and the economy of feeding skimmed milk to laying hens is gradually becoming better understood. On a farm where dairying is carried on it will be found that buttermilk also may be fed to the fowls and pay better than by disposing of it in almost every other way. It will decidedly increase egg production, and after a few days it will be found that the fowls will look eagerly for the appearance of the dish the buttermilk is usually brought in. When buttermilk is fed, no water need be given, and the slightly saline qualities of the buttermilk will be advantageous to tho fowls. Buttermilk is richer than skimmed milk, and is, of course, better for the laying bens in moderate qyantities, while for frttening pur- posos it can be fed constantly, with the beet results. The farmer who has plenty of buttermilk will find that it pays better to give it to the fowls ;han to any other stock on the farm- The buttermilk that would grow a jig would grow enough poultry to buy all the pork an ordinary family needs, When it comes to a choice be- .ween giving it to the pigs or poultry, give it to the poultry.—The Dairy Eng.). ^ SQUADRON. A squadron of French warships was anchored in New York harbor the other day rather suddenly. It is customary for foreign governments to proceed such calls with official notice, but there was none in this case. The French ships carao on a secret mission the value of which must necessarily remain one of the secrets of diplomacy In such cases all business of whatever nature is transacted with the American Consul General of the foreign power, The breach of etiquette in not sending formal notice of tho usit mews very little, only that the Admiral of the squadron cannot complain because a mluto was not fired from the American war ships in New York harbor, while nihilists and other members of ttussiah Society will future be accommodated btt thfe cij Saghalitt, off the coast of Manchuwe, the eastern terffllfttts < ' the czar's possessions, nol»th ol So revolting 'and horrible to di battens is Saghalitt that the cgaf seated to its adbptloa as an opeti i ___ ., prison only after the assassinatidn^o£*1., Carnot and the discovery of the reeenkji plots against his own life, The peopietf ,"$ and the convicts of Siberia never speak " of tho island other than "the hell Of' Saghalin," and its climate is said to ' be so much worse than that of Siberia ' as to rob this appellation of an exag* geratod character, even ia the mouths of these lost ones. The Island is separated ,from the .main land .by the gulf of Tartary and its eastern coast is 1 washed by the sea of Okhotsk. The governor of Manchuria has reported that a human being not born on the. island cannot live more than a year there. There is no means of escape ' except in the winter, when, if a pris- < oner can manage to make his way 100 miles north from the prison, it Is pos- siblo to roach the mainland over 1 tho ice. The ice bridge is guarded; s'tilt/,, two or throe prisoners have escaped 1 ^ by dodging behind masses of snow aad'*" ice, or, what is far more probable, by,. bribing officials. At the present moment tho most intorosting colonist' of Saghalin is Sophie Bluhstein, a full-blooded Russian, in spite of her German name. She first achieved criminal renown by presslng- her attentions upon the shah of Persia ' during- tho latter's visit to St. Petersburg. Sophie had avowedly no in- tontioii of adding his majesty to her list ( of admirers, but sought his acquaintance merely for the purpose of relieving- him, if possible, of some of his diamonds. She was foiled in her efforts, but succeeded in having her private car attached to the shah's special train. For this piece of enterprise she was banished to Siberia for a year, and while there organized a band of cutthroats and robbers whose services she controlled on the continent after their terms had expired, She is said to be the sharpest criminal living, and in sending her to Saghalin the Russian government claims to have conferred a lasting- benefit upon 1 the wealthy classes. Now Lot nor Go, The business- men of tho United States have had a long-, hard time, in which efforts brought little return; but now the chief obstacles are out of the way, and every man has a chance to go ahead with ordinary prospects of success. Success, however, cannot be attained without intelligent effort. Tho farmer has to plant and cultivate, and so must the merchant and manufacturer. It is useless to have" meritorious goods unless you lot the pub- lio know it. Tho most successful business men everywhere are thpse who realize the groat fact that tho press gives them access to the minds of tho people; without the press most of tho great fortunes made in business would have been impossible; "that is why," said one of our most successful merchants, "I'm always glad to see an advertising- ug-ent. I may not be open ;o do business with him at the time, out I always learn something-that helps ne work intelligently when I am ready to advertise." Advertising- is the seed of business. Every business man. should provide enough seed from which, to raise his crop, and now, when the business interests of the country have got a chance to go ahead is the timo to plant it,—American Grocer. The honest man puts the smallest apples' at the top ot the barrel. If we improve our circumstances they •will improve us, * »9tt<»M| m ,f.r •. i«M» , ( ''J\i- D«VZNG Ui'.—Fortu* na,tely for the cow, wen are becoming more enlightened with each passing yean yet, compared to the masses, here are very few who look te' 'tjio omfart of their animals as they hould. Every cow that is giving milk should receive extra- rat,ipns vhen pastures begin to fail.' It is to her owner's profit to prayid§ tbenv Preparation for this eJiQuW have Vi gun last spring, an4 » green fgoql ,o< some bjnii,eithej> fo44er porftj^gas ^, ' SfflJ^Sfe,* 1 ^ ^ m f^ ite'tt^faA^Jx'^.**" inri type of unwritten and uncredited history, Mr. Stan ton's life is n type of the young 1 manhood of the south—a manhood which has, under circumstances as adverse as fate, with no sympathy from outside and with less credit abroad, fought its way up through thirty years of worse war than mere civil differences could precjpitate, Mr. Stanton was u very little boy when the Avar closed, and about the only memory he has of that time is of Sherman's occupation of Savannah, The poet's father was of a northern family, but was a confirmed invalid and took no part in the war. lie was living in Savannah at the time the Union troops occupied tho .city and was much troubled by depredating- soldiers. On complaint to (Jen. Sherman Mr. Stunton, received a.guard for his home and later was complimented by a visit t'rpm thu general himself. Ueu.. Sherman hat by the invalid's couch and talked with him of many of their mutual friends in the north; and when the little Frank came into the room, he took him upon his knee and t-aid: "This is a toe fellow, but his head is a heap too big-." JUb remark wns hardly prophetic, however, for our UjodtJst poet has anything- rather than the "boghead." JUr. Htantou's southern mother was a very devout Cferfetittn,. W4 it- ia, nq dpubt, due to Uw< influence- many qf luspooms, ' Chrfet whjUjh. after her period of mourning is one' of the most notable figures in European society. She will probably have in addition to her fortune in her own right an an- HOTHERS and those about to become mothers, should know that Dr, Pierce's Far vorite Prescription robs childbirth of its torture, terrors and danger^' to PRINCESS 111SI,15NE nual pension of 100,000 francs on tfcfl occasion of her marriage. _ This was the sum given, to Jier plciej sister, now tho queen, of Portugal, when she was'murriecl .' Princess Irene's *.„* ^ •*, , child, by aiding Nature in preparing the eyatem for parturition. Thereby Mjapor 1 * and also the period of confinement are gneatly shortened. It also promotes as abundant secretion of nourishment for* fhe child. During pregnancy, it prs* rents ''morning sickness" and tljops Jistressing ncrvouq gymotoma from, which, so many eufier, T, ,, R. V. Tanks, Coftlf Co,, :p, Buljfalo, N. V, i -j a "„• - tool!; y p W "Pavprjte Pr?« T scription" previpus "to Qonfipemeqt and . never did so well in my life, ft is paly ,, wo weeks gince my cpnfincmcnt a«41 BJJV ' able to do my work, J feel stronger manl-1 ever 414 iu PJ*; vreska before, ^ 11 Yowra truly, ,. ; PR. R. v. T ,. _ &csr$ji*~~l began Jte Prescyiptiqn " tha ftrat nancy, and have cou- tinned taking- it sinca co.nfineiacnt, 1 414 UQt espertence '"-or any pf ' due to pregaeney, after began &Mnsp J your the got w<41. nk JJE eav

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