The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on October 10, 1894 · Page 3
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 3

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, October 10, 1894
Page 3
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MOtNES! ALQONA IOWA, WEDNESDAY. CIIAl'TKH XIV.— (Contluued.) f "<i] btirn intimated that his side would T> of. wait. ••Then, may it please the court, we Hint if Mr. Holier is to be called -for the claimant—he has been sworn for that side, after having been served 'with subpoena— he must be called now, >>ofore-we call him on our side." The judge nodded assent to this. mid Col burn and his client held a con- •-('crcnce which lasted so long 1 that the •court at length interfered and required 3t'. decision of the point made by Mr "Wo wlll,not examine Mr. Molior, I jruetifi. Let the case proceed," said •Col burn. Charles Molier was first examined: "Where do you live. Mi-. Molier?" "At Cincinnati."' "What business were you in twelve •years ago, and what is it now?" "J was a denier then in cheap jewelry. I added to my stock afterward watches and silverware, and still deal in them." "Are yon an engraver?" "J en grave letters upon silverware :for persons desiring it. J.havo eu- jjraved hundreds of "names, dates and ' "Do you know that medal?" (Showing it.) •Tdo." "How do you know it?" "I have seen it frequently at Cincln- Tiati; and I onre made a copy of it." ""'nil tnc jury how you made that «0py." ' 'I took,two'bits of beeswax softened in warm water, took an impression from each side of the medal, and made i'ac Binaries of the inscription." [Here Sam Blalte nodded his head twice—inncn HS to say: "Yes, I understand now."J "What became of these wax impressions?" .. "1 have them," said Molier, at the same time taking them from his pocket smd laying them upon the table before the jury. The jurors compared the wax with the medal, and found the impressions perfect fac similes, even to accidental slips of the engraver s tool. "In what year did you make that copy?" "In the year 1823." "Have you ever suuii that original medal since? and if so, where?" "Yes, frequently/' "Where?" "On the ncolc o.f -Little .Toe,' while he was still little, ana frequently since ho'has grown to manhood." "Do you mean this claimant-by 'Little Joe?"' , "I do not, I mean the boy described in the will." "Why is he not here to speak for himself?" "lie does not know his rights." "With permission of the court, I will now have this witness tellall he knows about the unknown claimant," said Clayton. Colburn objected to any evidence not bearing on the question now at issue, and the matter was passed for the present. But Colburn saw that his client was already beaten. If this modal had been at Cincinnati all these .years past (as the jury must see), then the bottom was out of the case. This did not trouble him'much, however, us his fee was certain any way. Not so with Matthew Smithers, alias "Joseph Blake." When he saw the landlord of the hotel where he had bc,en employed in.Cincinnati, he knew Ihat.he would be .identified and his pretense shown to be false; arid..he feared 'that from the same witness might come the charge of his having stolen the medal. He therefore urged tho witness so anxiously looked for by Molier. That witness was Joseph Gust, -with whom the true "Little Joe-' had lived for years. Smithcrs saw and knewvhim, and knowing also that the stolen medal belonged to his son (as he supposed Joseph the younger to be), went immediately to Colburn's office for consultation. The game of false pretenses was ended; and the question was—what to do next. Molier met Mr. Gust as he alighted, took him to his room and informed him fully as to what was passing, and why he had urged the attorney to send a subprcna for him. ^ Joseph Gust was astonished and delighted. He. had little suspected that his visit to Kentucky as a witness was to result in restoring his adopted son to his long-separated mother and to his rights of property. After supper, Molier took Mr. Gust to meet Sam Blake and his attorney. The recognition between Blake and Mr. Gust was instant,and mutual. "PlciisacT to meet you again, Mr. Blake," said Gust, offering his hand. [Molier had told him tho name was Blake—not Blakewcli. ] Blake took the proffered hand, made no reference to their former meeting, and introduced the newcomer to Mr. Clayton. Both Blake and Joseph Gust had seen too much of the world to betray embarrassment, and the conference began—Mr. Clayton beginning the conversation. "Mr. Gust," said he, "when we entered upon the suit in which we have asked your assistance, we had no knowledge of the existence of the true heir to the estate in controversy. Our ««We Insist tipon a veftiiet. mdj H JURM" A ft ft please the court," said Clayton. -tt-EWU. ALMJ "What do»ytra sav. Mr. sole aim was to defend against a pretender. Through Mr. Molier, we have learned that the true Joseph Blake—known in these pro- i mas day—only five days off.' "I cannot wait! J must go to t jytra say, feaid the judge. "Guess they are entitled tb a verdict" "Alt right." replied Colburn, Who did not now care a pin what became of the case. "Pot- the sake of justice to my client, your honor, atid to the true heir tinder the will. Which is the basis of this suit, 1 desire to place upon the staud as a witness before -the jury retires, Hon. Joseph Gust of Cincinnati" Another buzz among the spectators. Nobouy objecting, Joseph Oust was duly sworn and permitted" without interruption to give the history of the medal, its long presence in Cincinnati, the death of Jeff Blake, and the adop^ turn of "Little Joe" as his own son. The jury rendered a verdict against the pretender without leaving the jury-box. ' Mrs. Blake, who heard the entire testimony of Joseph Gust and had hung upon its Statements with most Intense interest until the witness said that through the efforts of Mr. Molior it was now rendered certain that his adopted son \vas. the long-lost "Little Joe"—then aid what she never did before: woman-like, she fainted. She was carried to an anteroom, water dashed in her face by the maid -'Liza, and returned to the court room in time to hear the verdict. Then, hastening to Mr. Gust and Molier, she overwhelmed them with thanlss. nnd urged them to enter ner carriage and accompany her home to the Springs. Mr. Gust had left home at a moment's warning, and must return at once, lie congratulated Mm Blake on tho certain early restoration of her son, and declined the kindly urgent invitation. Molier went with Mrs. Blake to Gray Sulphur Springs. Arrived at the kotel, dinner was neglected to allow Holier to talk to Myra about her sou. As usual, Molier concealed something of what he knew. He pieced out tho account given in the witness box, by Mr. Gust; related many incidents of Joe's boyhood, praised his present manly bonrintr and his fine personal appearance," and prophesied his future great success at the bar as a lawyer He told how ho had sought out Joe's former home and discovered ins parentage; and showed —without claiming to have done so— t.hat his own efforts had brought about tlys happy result. "And! shall see him at once, Mr. Molier?" inquired Myra. "Between Umstmas and New Year's he will be here with his wife." "His wife! You did not tell me he was married." "No, madam, he is not yet married; but his wedding- will occur on Chri t- t>j? AGRICULTURALISTS, f 6 fttth* tTp to Ditto tllntu About CfeHtfrft* ttott of the Soil and Tlt-ld* ttortlcAitHriB tltlcttiints ftnd iwnture. ceedings as 'Little Joe'—is not only living, but'has long/since been adopted as your son. Please give us a full history of all you know of young Blake—how he came to be with you, and what you know of the death of his father, Jefferson Blake. Our sole object now is to establish the identity of the true heir, and to place him in possession." No more agreeable task had ever fallen to the lot of Joseph Gust He gave animate account of-all he knew concerning the lost heir up to the present time—during which, not one word was spolcuu by cither of the others. At the close, Sam isiake asked a single question: "Mr. Gust," said he, "is your boy right-handed or left-handed?" "Little Joe? Oh, Joe is loft-handed. That was the first peculiarity I observed about the boy," "That's all," said'Blake. "Now, Mr. Gust," sum iJ.iii.yu.iu, "for v.ho purpose of showing that this fraudulent claimant can not possibly be j %ho true one, we shall call you first in j the morning to prove the existence at I Cincinnati of the true Joseph BlaKe. him. Why dia ne not come with you?" "He has not the most distant knowledge that tus mother has been discovered. " "And you did not tell him!" "I could not be sure of it myself, madam, until I came hero and witnessed tho trial." "But you will toll him immediately?" "Most certainly. Ami 1 pledge you that he will bring Ins young wife herp to his old home three days alter the wedding." Tears of joy ran down M'yra's checks which she cud not seek xo restrain. "Ohi" said she. "If I only i alcu - his wife would be worthy of him, / should be too happy. "What ;.s her name?" "That I am pledged tokeepfromyou at present. Kut. tiial-o yum- preparations for the wedding reception. You will learn tS love your daughter, I hope, as dearly as I Ivno-.v you love your sou." Next morning, Molier took the coach via vexing-ton for home; ana thu happy mother, with apparently the cordial support of t vS >a>i? JJituce. commenced, preparations Your testimony will settle that; and I j io r such a wedding- reception "an would think Uiis present suit will be aban- f do nonor to her son and herself, doned. Your W TUB NKOJv ,0? WTTI.M J01C. " £ 'toreuy to get the ousts continued until '. (lay, &o that he might decide upon «,1us future course, When, therefore, took We seat, Colburn said fto- Mr. Clayton that they had [\4eoiAed, to w'ajt for his absent :w}tRoss, and that court might now ud-, tp next morping. Au4 SQ it was crowjft Jeft Ufa, ft adopted son will.need no lawsuit. 1! he be the true Joseph, he will be acknowledged with delight by his kindrec?, and restored without contest to friends and possessions." At the office 01 Xeraii Coiburn, one party to the conference was sorely vexed. Matthew Smithers knew the game wasup. llefelt sure that Drake, the hotelkeeper from Cincinnati, would swear point blank to his identity, and that Gust would probably identify the medal and swear to its long presence in Cincinnati. Colburn saw all that, and also that Smithers would probably be arrested for the larceny of the medal | arid* chain; and he was now anxious | to get rid of his client and so to end ! the suit. lie told Smithers he would no doubt bo arrested next morning, and advised him to get away that very | night. He relied upon, Mrs. Blake for [ his fec.'whicli he-know-.slip, would all the more willingly pay if the suit brought to light the residence of her longrlost son, and his final restoration to friends and home. . > Smithers needed no urging. With a wholesome fear of a prison, he left the town at midnight and fled on foot, never to be seen again by court, bar, jury, or any person interested in the abandoned suit, Next morning, when court was opened,",a vast crowd of interested spectators thronged tho court house. Interest in the pending suit was at fever heat and expectation on -tip-top. Mr. Colburu UTOSO, addressed the court «iid jury, and announced that owing to unexpected testimony from the other side for which ho had made no -^reparation, and for which it was now too late to secure- the' attendance of rebutting witnesses, ho and his client had decided 'to abandon the present suit, and to begin, anew at gome future time. "Where is your client?' 1 asked the judge. _don't knpw, you,? Jiojior., jj e VTO HE CONTINUED.) A QUEI-N'S HOBBIES, Marin 1'ln, of Portugal, JIa« Many Con- muting 'fasten, The dowager queen of Portugal, Maria 1'ia, Has a good many seemingly conflicting ti.tstes. Sho has a, passion- to manly sports, She .hunts admS ably, and at her country place on the seaboard at Caldat* she used to amuse herself by shooting from a high window at bottle.h floating in the water. She very seldom missed her unstable marks. Philanthropy is another of her hob- pies. She is at the ueud of all beneficent institntipns in Portugal, and is l;nown affectionately as the "Angel of Charity." When her husband was alive whenever she left tiio cathedral after mprning service the poor people knelt and kissed the hem of her dress,' Thqso who had petitions to present gave them into her own hand, ana on her return homo she caused them to be thoroughly investigated. la juUlition fco these titles for distinction, the dowager ciueen oi Portugal has a fondness far looking extremely well, and, in consequence, is considered one of the best-ilre&secj women 4n Europe. A Wyoming bulletin says: On Oec 23. 1884, tlifi British tfdvflrn- merit appointed a royal commiBsteti On water bupplies and irrigation. It wai the duty of this commissiba to forestl* tmte the subject of irrigation to Egypt, Italy, India had the tfnlted Stales, with a view of compiling this information for the guidance of legislation on the subject of irrigation for the province of Victoria. This com* mission made a special study of irrigation laws, water rlg'hts, and methods of constructing large irrigation works in the various countries visited. They have made various progress reports from time to time which have been printed by:the.British government In Australia. These reports contain much valuable information, and have led to the adoption of the system now practiced in Victoria, which is regarded as combining tho wisdom and best methods of irrigation that can be culled from tho practice of the world. STATE OWNEKSHII'. On the subject of irrigation in Italy, the British commission makes tho following statement: "In the first place, it is important to note that almost all the irrigation canals in Piedmont and Lombardy now belong to the state, and the fact is all the more striking when it is remembered that a majority of them were originally constructed by private enterprise. Tho reason for this change of ownership is not difficult of discovery. As Baird Smith notes, the dangers arising out of monopoly of water, apart from the ownership of the soil, have commended their purchase to the statesman. Both processes, starting out on different principles, have arrived at tho same conclusion. The Lombard practice of never separating the water from the land has palpably produced most beneficial results, and, in his judgment, was the chief cause of the rapid multiplication of secondary canals constructed by the private enterprise in that province. "In Piedmont, the state's proprietary of the water has been almost equally efficacious in encouraging its equitable distribution; but its ownership of the headworks has come to be recognized in each as the best means of insuring justice to,the irrigator." IN ITALY, FilANCK AND SPAIN. The commission further states that "Italian experience, French experience and Spanish experience all go to show that the interests to be studied in relation to irrigation schemes are so many and so various, and BO intimately bound up with the public welfare, that state control is imperatively necessary, and that for the prptection of its citizens no monopoly can be permitted which would separate property in water Tfrom property in land to which it is to bo applied. But at the same time it is established that while a general central control by the state is essential, the business management and disirlbution of the water is much better placed under the local authority, as this is more effective in its supervision, more economical in its administration, and is educational, also, in a political sense, to a high de- grea Tho establishment of a comprehensive system of irrigation by private enterprise is possible only under unusual conditions. If it embraces many sources of supply, large areas, or conflicting interests, it is impossible. The capital required is large, the returns are not rapid, and the full benefit secured by the close occupation and complete utilization of considerable areas are BO reduced that the state could reach those benefits in unnumbered ways, and settlers are not justified in assuming largo responsibilities in their initiation. This becomes palpable when it is perceived that as in Egypt and Italy, carefully matured schemes insure an enormous agricultural production, and the pubJie tM»sar# ffie snec 3 ss of this method of reclaiming the lands ia Victoria is shewn b? the' following statemeafc "Wfien it ia recollected that the first trusts in the colony were not formed until 188D, and the first irrigation Irtist not ttntil 1884, the progress that has been made may be estimated in a general way from the fact that there are now twentyfoa? 'water trusts' covering aa area of e.Soo.oOO aeres* and six irrigation trusts Covering' an area of 360,788 acres, ia addition to fifteen applies lions for the constitution of new irri' gatiott trusts which will cover aearly 2,000,000 acres more." It would seem from the above facts and conclusions of the British commission that they had adopted the irrigation district principle now in vogue in California under what is known as tho "Wright acti" that the communal principle and tho irrigation ' district principle are similar, except that in Victoria the government oversight of the irrigation trust is so strong and vigilant aa to prevent abuses and failures, Which have sprung up, in some instances, under the irrigatioa district system of California. IN WYOMING. So far as we have proceeded in this matter as a state, we have made BO mistake in our legislation. We have observed the fundamental principles which underlie the problem, and are now tho admiration of the students of tho problem of irrigatioa in the west. Ia the state's control of the water with its system of administration, we find that under the laws of 1890-91 provision is made for the formation of water divisions for administrative purposes. Tho superintendent of each water division, who is appointed by the governor, by and with the consent of the senate, together with the state engineer, make up our state board of water control, whose duties are clearly outlined by law. Now it would be an easy step, in harmony with present irrigation laws, to make provision for the creation of irrigation **«»*» i to inllllhola is SdrnfiUftl frdrn afl td jafide ftspeft, Ittfaisnii ty Jtofttt. Mtjft-o-w, directs* 6i tba A|ricm experiment station 6f taat liaifc At the Illinois station, whleh «atcd at Cfaamfiaiga, fitt Boll, the yields idf 1894 what obsctifed by- di«e«jBg« 1ft 6** posure of the plots, Aad therlfdf&V* smaller 1 yield is abt a tti*« ittdieSHettv of iaferlor prdduetivenesa tiad8rWiid ' - Tfi . Some ingenious fruit dealers of Paris have invented a way of coloring their wares in order to improve their market value. They color'ordinary oranges ii deep red, makmg them look like mandarine, wnwh Jteteh much higher They also tint pineapples to make them look move attractive, and dye the common white sti'awljerrie^ a lovely red. Melons are now being'treated in the same way and tinted a fine orange, their flavor being increased by injecting an essence, of melon,. T}i e l|t est development pf thja business is Jn, cpa' flection, with peers, wfci " fp^ath^Qf J^tsj^j - 1 — m?; stable prosperity of o- large number of producers. It may .fee safely asserted from foreign experience of many generations that irrigation is one of the soundest national investments, where engineering ability, and executive work are expended upon large canals, which are afterward taken under local control, guarded by a carefully compiled code of water laws and regulations, while the land whose production is enhanced is charged with the interest upon the capital expended in supplying it, All of these conditions we ought to possess in Victoria.' IS VJOTpfllA, The investigations of this British cprrjmiBsipn led to the adoption of what may be called the "communal" principle for reclaiming the arid lands of Victoria. Water trusts a r e formed somewhat similar to the irrigation distript in California under the Wright act; b«t these water trysts by law are under governmental control, and can only be Qarried forward by the sane- tipn of the government, which upon the feasibility pf the districts upon the communal principle of Victoria, with municipal or quasi- municipal powers for the solo purpose ot reclaiming land. These irrigation districts would vary in size according to locality and the amount of land to be reclaimed from and under the same system of ditches. Our present system of water control would still stand as an excellent method of state control and administration of our water supply, by which all parties would be protected In their priority of water rights and in the adjudication of disputed claims. A. Few Words About Itonofl. Before a convention of farmers in Ottawa, Mrs. Lambert said: Some years ago, when I was invited to write a paper on roses I readily, consented. 1 was then enjoying my first success in cultivating my favorite flower, and felt possessed of such an unlimited fund of informationon on the subject that I was ready to instruct any one who stood in need cf sucli knowledge. But since then years have put to the test some of my pet theories, and, I must confess, put many of them to flight, and now I only feel capable of saying a few words in the matter. It must be understood that whatever I now say is intended for the novice only. 1 no longer aspire to teach the experienced floriculturist. The first necessity for rose growing is morning sun. I do not believe that any satisfaction can possibly bo obtained, even though the sun should boat on one's roses from midday to midnight It is the early morning sun which is tho source of life and ttrength to them, and if after midday they are in the shade BO much the better, Rich soil, a shelter from north and east winds by shrubs, or & fence not too near, and plenty of room for ventilation between the bushes—under these conditions any rose except standards may be grown with perfect success in Ottawa. Of course nearly all of them must be covered in winter, and the tea roses much more heavily than others. Rosa rugosa, all the briars, including the two yellow roses, and all moss roses, are better for being left quite unprotected, All should be heavily mulched bsfore the first of Jujy. The most important division, to 'the gardener, is that of remontant and non- remontant, or summer varieties. The former bloom on shopts of The following varleltes gate ftd yields exceeding forty bushels acre; Golden dross (synonym 6 Mediterranean,) Mealy, fooler i Valley, Yellow Gypsy, Pickftwmft, Witter, Nigger, New Michigan l ber, • American Bronze, ttock (synonym of Velvet Chaff,) Missouri Blue Stem, Silver Chaff, Diehl'Mediterraneaa, TaSmaaiaa Bed,, Qoldea Prolific, Cttrrills Prolific, Lebanon, Royal Australian (synonym of Clawson.) ! The following sorts yielded between thirty and forty bushels: Big English, Longberry, Wyaadot Red, Miami Vat- ley, German Emperor, E&rly Bipe. Tuscan Island, Ohio Early Ripe, Hy* bnd Mediterranean (synonym of • Blehl-Mediterranean), Extra Early Oakley, Improved Rice, Martin's Amber (syaonym of Silver Chaff), Saskatchewan, Dietz, Lehigh, Ontario Wonder, Early vVhite Leader, Hickmani Geneva, Thelss, Jones' Square llead, Hindostan, Landreth (syaonym of Silver Chaff). Boarded Monarch, Mil-,, ler's Prolific, Yuba (syaoBym of Dlehl- Meditorranean). ,,. ^ The following sorts yielded less than thirty bushels per" acre: Rudy, New- Monarch, Roberts, Bailey, Buckeye. Beal, Johnson, Democrat, Early Red Clawson, Fulcaster, Willits, Sibley's New Golden, Badger. It has been observed for a number of years ia the Ohio and Indiana tests '• that the Velvet Chaff (Penquite's) has proved more reliable than most other sorts on black soils. In the test under consideration the single plot of this variety yielded at the rate of forty-five bushels per acre, and this yield was exceeded by only three sorts —Geneva giving forty-eight bushels, Valley forty-six bushels and Crate forty-five and a half bushels. Crimson Clover'in Southern IlllnoU. ..?•£.?... Illinois agricultural experiment station last season arranged for trials of crimson clover in different parts of the state. The unusoal drouth caused failure at the station, and most other points.. Mr. P. Helins, Belleville, an intelligent and carefully observant farmer, makes the following report: "I sowed about one half acre on my farm and one-fourth acre on my neighbor's, sowing in August Grasshoppers and dry weather ruined the latter entirely last fall, and nearly so on my farm. What little remained was frozen, killed to the ground the latter part of March. It was a long time before it got well started again. It stooled out well, ripened considerably earlier than the common red clover, but was not EO tall. In order to test it on poor soil apd hardpan, I gave a little of the seed to two friends living about ten miles south of my placs. The seed was there sown about the middle of October, after showers had fallen. It came up in a very short time. On a patch where red clover had never taken the least hold, the crimson did exceedingly well; had very large, well filled seed heads. The result was a complete surprise to the old farmer who had lived there more than fifty years. On soil like mine and where red clover generally does well, I do not think crimson clover is very valuable. But it may prove a great boon • to the hardpan or 'marly clay* local!" ties." the same year's growth, while the lat' . aieo the available water supply the uses prppp/seii wajr trust, 188fi ift YiptQrhj wafoM? ; of all Streams to. ter must have 8*year-old wood they will show us a flower. pruning: If one's roses are . tant the experience of Canon H'ole', the well known robiarian, will serve as 'a guide. He said that his roses had never been BO glorious as they were the year they had been pruned by a donkey that hsd broken Into his garden and cropped his*remontantsto the grpund. According to this pne should cut out as one does with its cousin, the raspberry bush, every ahppt that has bprne, and shorten the new growth, while with the Pthers only 8-year-old wood must go, jf j could pnlygrpwone rose it should be a Jaqeminot, and if I could have sis they should all be the same, but if more might be mine fpr the ehppsing I should say three La France, three Mme. Victor Verdier, three Bareness Rpthschildi three Merveille de Lypn, one Gracjlia mpsg, and Old English and one crested moss, There course, dozens mpj-e, perfect pf loyeliuesjS, but 6Pme weak, pf constitution op „. would make m, e wait wwtil a year's su^ss with the varieties J have AWftg had gives nje strength* to J3&&1* the* tl*lftl of R nncalYYla-fnlliittA I««*IAA. MBXICAN FAIOIINO,— Mexican farmers, according to Prof. Blount of the" New Mexico agricultural college, plow their crops once and irrigate six times. The professor believes in reversing the order, however, and cultivates from four to six times and irrigates from one to three times. It ia said that by this method he raises from ten to twelve times as much produce ad tho Mexicans. Prpf, Bipuntsayu' that a great deal too much water is habitually used by the native, and American farmers upon orchards and; crops. He is irrigating fruit trees only twice a year, viz., in Marcb aaft Koyewbevand finds, that by njW this small amount of water the wooft opens better, and the fruit, if rather smaller, is of decidedly better flavor and keeps Better. Many vegetables also need no more water than is n«es*i sary to start them into growth, _. oj a aye, of the new century dawn* corn will reach a higher price tbm wheat, wliicb' can be produced the round world over, value of this distinctively American crop is nearly double that of the wheat crppofthe.cp'untry. Asa fQQd |O|fast gaming high favor am,pi,g tb 9 J*G.«. the old world, It is easily and does sot exhaust the S9tt w4 bjs been the surest TO d greatest soured'• wealth |pp this fceltte Area, any the \n this gofn

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