The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on September 26, 1894 · Page 4
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 4

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, September 26, 1894
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Page 4
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-t)fiS 'MOEfflBB , IOWA, /WEPKBSPAY, HBPTffiMjgjffla 26, m fjSf^'- INCiMAM A WAftfcfett. ^A *. V ^JU!O WVJft V**w J w»" « • • • *«»« (»•*•»*» J . * * . * I» wi«OU | ^;\!t>«s«»py(Bl* months «• |j> f«V BWtlo'aliyadatessata'boveJatesV'''' l ; t; h Bttbit by draft, ffloney ordef, express ordef, <!* postal note at our risk. ; , ,, *~ Kates of advertising sent on implication. , SSATfi ttdRET. • <S«<*etary of State ........ w, M. . Auditor of State ............ v .0.0. McdAHsair tweaBiirfer ................... JOBS s. HEBBIOTT Attorney General ........ . ..... MIUCON KBMLBY ' , mutt* Judges ............. {i.£.l£™ ^.Bftilroad Commissioner ........ 0. L. GAVIDSON CKlHc supreme Court. .. ...... ,. . . . 0. L. JONBS Beporter Supreme Court.. ;...B. I. SAUJNOER OOSOBESSIONAIi. _ , Congressman, Tenth District.. J. P. DOMJVEB '.•'"' JUDICIAL. -v Jttdge, Fourteenth District. . . . W. B. QUARTOS COUNTY. •Recorder. .V. ; ...... . . .'....' ..... .M. F. RANDAI.TJ Sferk of Courts.. ................ ...B. F. CROSB , County Attorney . . . . ........... J. p. RAYMOKD Auditor.... ....... ....... . ...... F. D. CALKINS .juiairor.... I H. 0. SOLMWBACH. < Supervisors. . ............ •( LBANDBB BAOTON. THE COUNTY'S DUTY. 'Relief work for the sufferers by the cyclone has gone on actively, and yesterday wagons loaded with clothing were taken where supplies were most needed by committees .of the relief corps. The temporary wants of the unfortunate will all be supplied. But when this is done many families will enter the winter without homes or the means to build them, if only temporary relief is extended. The county cannot afford to permit this. Many plans are being suggested, but none seems so fair - as that the board of supervisors use the county funds for this purpose. There is not probably any specific legal warrant, but certainly no one will object to allowing a liberal interpretation of the rights of the board to exercise its discretion, and the burden will fall on the tax payers fairly. The board can do the work as well as any picked-up commission, and are organized and ready. Every man and woman iu Kossuth wants to do a share in helping the sufferers from this storm to get started again. Many do not need aid, being ivell able to meet their own losses, and to those who have lost all only partial •restoration can be made. But this should be made by the county and at once. The board would receive public approval if it should meet in special' session and take action. THE ABUSE OP PARDONS. A. C. Parker has written a letter to the board of supervisors of Clay county resigning his position as county attorney. He has been almost unanimously requested to use his influence to secure the pardon of A. E. Kidd, of pill iame, after succesfully prosecuting and convicting him of forgery. He recites to the board the incidents of'the trial, the finding of the jury that Kidd was guilty beyond a reasonable doubt, the ruling of the court on the motion for a new trial that the evidence sustained . the verdict, and the final approval of the proceedings by the supreme court. He then says that in view of the fact that the leading citizens, including all "but one of the jury, have asked him to assist in securing Kidd's pardon, he does not desire to act longer as prosecuting attorney. He does not feel like •devoting his energies to convicting Criminals and then find tbe community averse to punishment, and in effect saying by their petitions for pardon that he has done wrong, He feels that it is £ travesty on judicial proceedings and an insult to officers of the law to go on with serious trials in which all the facts ,are brought out and all tbe witnesses -are confronted) and then have the final judgment of court and jury overruled by a petition signed to suit personal interests or put of indifference and presented to a governor who knows nothing of tbe circumstances attending the commission of tbe crime. This Kidd . was involved in several criminal ac- Mons, one of which was tried in Algona, Jf p»e-balf that is charged against him by Spencer people is true then bis con- viotipo. and sentence was a light pun* ; isbmept. But now those who were ', most vigorous in urging tbe proseou- /: iipn, and, wbQ assisted mPst materially in securing conviction, ask Mr. Parker to assist ip undoing the wprk, possibility pf such a petitipn "" i tbe ease with which exeou- granted. Gpv.'.Bpies to defeat tbe enfereement pf beside,? ioterppsing by ti m was wrrag pa . was, the pWjo, &n4 without by ft pv peUiiofis are sigfied about as memorials tocoflgress and the legislature are. Any etfdifitiVeadministrfttiofi of justice depends in the first place ulpoft & gefl- efal belief thai penalties are hot excessive and in the second place that they will be enforced, Neither is possible where the executive ptiwef is continually interposed to change the findings of judicial tribunals, and pardon- tug has-become an abuse in this state. If penalties are too severe they should be modified by the legislature oh the statute books. But when once adjudged ia accordance with the statutes' by the courts they should be enforced. Mr. Parker's action iti Clay county should direct public attention to 'the matter long enough to have a halt called on the pardeoSng power, and thereby check the frequency of pardon petitions. - .:;• • 3tt»KINi/EY AND DOLLIVfiR. A big republican meeting is to be held at Des Mpines next week Friday, at which Gov. McKinley of Ohio and Congressman J. P. Dolliver will be the speakers. Both are among the eloquent political orators of the times and the gathering to greet them will be a big one. • .- Burrell: "Not only has the democratic party got grape seeds in its ' vermiform appendix, threatening -appendicitis, but it is also afflicted with locomotor ataxia —it can't run a little bit. Nerve centers ham-strung." _ They are fighting Capt. Hull because he wrote some years ago as follows-; " I should if I had been in congress this year have voted for free coinage of silver, produced by American mines, put of deference to the wishes of the people." We don't know why he should be ashamed of that record. It is what James G. Elaine always advocated. C. A. Schaffter, first president of the Upper Des Moines Editorial association and founder of the Eagle Grove Gazette, died of a paralytic stroke last week Taes- day. He was well known to the editorial fraternity of Iowa. He was a genial •companion, a superior printer, an active republican. He enjoyed his home and his home life, and no pleasanter portals were ever crossed hy guests than those which' opened Into the modest but cheerful rooms where he and his estimable wife extended their cordial hospitality. Life was . always bright to him. If he had .dark days no one ever knew it. His cheerfulness was contagious. It was a pleasure to witness the unquestioning and unconscious faith he had' that " God's in the heavens, all's right with the world." His death came suddenly and probably painlessly. It will be mourned by his w3fe;and son, and by all who knew him. Carroll Herald: " With Bakerhustl- ing through the corn shocks of the district, and one J. H. Schroeder chinning the rabble on the street corner, Dolliver will be sorely tried. But we think he'll make it by 7,000 or 8,000 majority." li The State Register says that cyclone caves would have saved all the lives in the late storm. That is doubtful. But very few of the people had any suspicion of a bad storm until it was upon them. The breaking of windows was the first warning. Cellars would have saved the lives as well as oaves, but they did not have time to get to the cellars after the nature of the storm was known. BUBBELL'S DOS FEED, Fred, the Press dog, was poisoned Friday night. One of the best friends we ever had, an almost constant comrade for 10 years, died after hours of torture. Why did not the slayer show mercy, and shoot Fred dead? ++++ Fred fondly cherished the delusion, if delusion it was, that the Lord made us especially for him. That was his creed. He would readily make up with anyone, except those who teased him—and his good nature could not help feeling resentment in these cases—but he stuck to us like a long lost brother, going everywhere, to pasture, to the woods, to the P. O., to the library, to the court house, to park meetings, to cau- cusses, conventions, and public meetings of all sorts, and may be be got some good from these meetings, for he would always sup^ plement applause given to a speech by approving barks, Poor fellow! that was the neareat he could get to speech, except with his yellow agate eyes and tell-tale tail. He was rather too free with his remarks. Any unusual sight, a parade, a band procession, a circus pageant, an odd dress, the fire bell, would set him going. And the K. B. engine whistle touched a minor chord ia him, and he emitted doleful but musical howls, We found out ihftt ha ^ras & turkey d*g—we paid tot two that he killed. One was pot in evidence, and we paid #2 tot that gobbler. He .was tost for a week- tied up in the country, whether for ransom we kaow not-but 6h« dark rainy Saturday night, two teoys answered our advertisement, and we found two urchins hitched by a rope W & seal bfrown dog with yellow eyes and long silky ears, and that Overjoyed canine frescoed us with the clay he had acquired on his jaunt, and the lads said he had killed a turkey. We handed out $2 too quick, and rescued ouf treasure. Pay& for him as a pup, and contributing 44 to the Turkish mission, and paying the annual t*s on Him for several years, and- the city registration fee and tax, and for a leather collar and medal (five cents,) and for dea lotions, We reckon he stood us in some $20 or $25 In good money. But there was never a day we didn't get 16 Worth of fun and satisfaction out of him, -so that any school boy can figure what has been our income and profit on that dog for the 10 or 12 years he spent with us. Really, he was the most valuable piece of property We ever owned. •W-f-f Fred knew he was mortally hurt and staggered to us, lolling fiercely, his eyes imploring sympathy and help. And though half paralyzed, he obeyed the instinct of wild animals and * dragged himself to tiovert to die unseen. Most animals die un- witnessed, and may be he preferred to slip out of the living universe after the mode of his kind, but it seemed a monstrous shame to let him lie on the lush' weeds under the current bushes, in the rain and dark, and die alone. Who would not crouch by the side of a noble friend and hold the lantern at the vigil, as a priest holds the altar can- dais and crucifix before the dimming eyes of tho dying? Wo buried him in the garden, in winding sheets of Presses, and felt that a grave never enclosed a more loving honest creature. A long farewell to Fred I He has launched his bark on another sea. A dogwood shall mark the head of his grave, and in memory of his penchant for cats, catnip shall grow at the foot. We Wsre also told tnat he Was a tiff f 3 ftrTT^ ftAfift bifddogi Mewouid seithet "point" tot .-UlUO IBlAW UUUJJ tktof «-—=>i*— This Article domfrletes His Sketches of „ teXpei'ieiices While 1ft feossnth County. IN THIS liEIGHBOKHOOD. for We never saw a human being more sensitive to ridicule than he. He couldn't bear to be laughed at. And he was such an affectionate fellow— he was a real Christian ttjatWBy, W/Bgayit with all reverence, but his meek, joyful, glad spirit of forgiveness of en put us to a sense of shame. His was the nobler spirit. He forgave seventy times seven, and more if necessary. He had some faults— who has not? But hebad fewer faults than any man we ever knew, A dog measures up nearer to a correct standard than almost any human being. An amiable gog is steeped ia moral graces. In affection, in uuselflsb devotion, in fidelity, {R repentance, in w&t-obful care, in Who exceedj; 54m? Where has a)l that in- ajnd kln.£n,egs go.nej They are fljoraj qualities, Have th 9 y diBsplutten IMM ». !. of ifflfflortttl oat* e^w?- «*»™^r^^p ^$F¥ «* *ife**r— E. J. Hartshorn is nominated clerk in Palo Alto county. T. A. Rossing,-who has for so long been a merchant in Bode, has sold out his business there and talks of moving to Des Moines. Garner Signal: Misses Clarke and Salisbury of Algona and Miss Straw of Wells, Minn,, were guests of Mrs. Henry Straw a few days lust week. Oscar Seaman, a photographer 47 years old, has been caught sending indecent photographs through the mails. He lives in a little town near Carroll, and had worked up a big business. Humboldt Republican: We have yet to see a Humboldt democrat who will vote for Mr'. Baker for congress. They .may not vote for D.olliver,. but they positively will not vote for Mr. Baker. ..Bro. Platt says: . Some of the doctors over in Kossuth county have sued the county for fees for doctoring the poor. One of the M. D's., who lost seven out of eleven case, has sued to recover fees amounting to nearly $400. If he loses his case in court the undertaker should "divy" up with him. Here is the story as it now is according to the Dubuque Globe: "The experiment station at Ames sends out a bulletin which calls attention to a weed that has taken Algona. It is prickly lettuce, a tall weed of the milk weed type with a little yellow flower. It is on every lawn in town. The bulletin says * it is one of 'the worst weeds.' The only way to get rid of it is to cut it below the ground before it seeds. Next season war must be waged on it and on the dandelion, or the lawns of that place will be ruined." W. T. Chantland, who talked of locating in Algona, will open an office in Fort Dodge. The Messenger says:. " He has arranged to office with Thos. H. Wright, and Will there hangout his shingle. Will has lived here all his life and is a young man of excellent character and one who gives promiseof making his way to the head of his profession. Last spring he graduated from the law department of the state university, which, together with his fine education, will aid him greatly in the commencement of his work here. Rolfe Reveille: W. B. Quarton, the republican candidate for judge of this district, has stamina enough to have a political conviction. He is a republican because he believes republicanism is best. He has heard the evidence, weighed the case, and has made a de* oision. When ho assumes the position of " your honor" he will again hear the evidence, weigh the case, and band down a decision in accord with what be thinks is right. He is not non-partisan and consequently will not he non-d6' cisive. Vote fpr a man who has a (on- vjction. West Bend Journal: Last Saturday our street were so full of teams that it was difficult to get thrpugh, especially the cross streets, where the hitching posts are located. J?rpm morning till night the sidewalks were thronged with people doing their Saturday's, trading. If this part pf Palp Alto and jjpssutb counties is drputh stricken we have failed to see any of the effects pf it yet. Our merchants all report a splendid trade sp far this fall and it keeps im* prpylng. We interviewed feur business men as tP their sales last week, and tbey report an aggregate pf $3,015, and tbe others would more than raise it tp 13,000, Emmet'sburg Repprter: A Dr. His* kett pf Cprwttb bas sued Kpssutb spun,* tyfpradoptPriPgbiUpf 1337, At ' time the flipbtberia was ...„; fcamlet pf Banna,' be baeten scene an4 attended'to. ;."„,,., Up**?!® PJBS MQW pf igyetbatseYiBpl ' tto* He Proves Himself a Fine Combination of Scholar "and Hunter—Some Noted Hunting t>ogs. W. W. Titus closes his sketches of hunting in Kossuth in the American Field with an account of a dog contest with A? E*i Dailey and a duck hunt with John G. Smith: In the spring of 18881 decided to go to Iowa agaih, to handle' dogs on prairie chickens, and 1 took with me Bohemian Girl, iJffle Hill, Rod's Gem, and five others. Five years had passed since I was last out On the prairies. The country about Whittemore had changed a good deal by being settled upon, and the wire fences around the pastures made it harder to get about than it used to be. That year I secured a boarding place at a gentleman's by the name of Cotton, who was about half a mile from the Ebert farm where Nesbitt boarded the first season we spent in Iowa, I found that to hunt prairie chickens successfully, and to accomplish anything with the dogs, I would have to hire a wagon, which I found very expensive; but there was no other alternative. I went over to Algona, Iowa, shortly after I got located, and saw my friends the Smith brothers and the marshal of the town "Doc" Dailey by name. I had given Doc a Gordon setter bitch in 1883, and he had raised from her a dog, which he confidently told me he was going to bring over when the season opened, and with it beat everything I had so badly I would think . I had no dogs. So it was understood a trial would come off between my best dog and his, in tho near future. The party I boarded with'had a large pasture with a number of small sloughs in it, and after the duck season opened I used to amuse myself by goine* out among those ponds, wading about in the edge of the grass, and flushing and shooting greenwing teal. I never failed to get as many as I wanted, and I suppose I killed, during the season, over three hundred ducks in those sloughs alone. One day I got word from Doc that he would be out the next day to do me up; sure enough he was on hand with his invincible prairie chicken dog, -and the next morning we started out to see who would and who could. I took Bohemian Girl, the best prairie chicken dog I ever saw; her record shows what she was on quail, but prairie chickens were her forte, and I thing she was at least one-third better on' prairie chickens than she ever was on quail. We were hunting along, when we came to a patch of weeds, and Doc's dog and one of mine swung over into the weeds and pointed a polecat. When we got over there and fonnd out what the dogs were after Doc became very much excited lest his dog got perfumed; he shouted at the dog, which wanted to get at the skunk so badly he would not mind, and Doc danced around in the wildest fashion, shouting at me not to shoot and calling to his dog. at one and the same time. Every time the skunk would show enough distance to make it a safe shot without hitting a dog I would throw my gun to my shoulder. Doc would catch the motion and ' shout, "don't shoot, don't shoot." Finally, disregarding his commands, I killed the skunk; and Doc gathered Hero by the neck and proceeded to do thorough job on him in the way of correcting his disobedience. The skunk disposed o_f, we started on again; and finally, out in a big stubble, a quarter of a mile away, Bohemian Girl pointed a covey of prairie chickens. There were three guns, Doc, my brother-in-law and myself, and at the rise we got six birds; the covey flew only a short distance, and soon Bo had them again, and at the next rise we, killed six more, each getting a pair again. The balance flew out Into some grass and lit, and soon Bo had another point; this time .the shooting was irregular, everyone doing his best, and only one got away out of the entire covey of eighteen birds. AU day long Bo continued to find birds, while Hero got little chance to do anything but back; and along in the afternoon, as we stopped to get into the wagon, Doc grabbed Hero by the collar and, throwing him in the wagon, said: "Get in there, ypu ain't no good out hero. J thought you was a chicken dog, but I'll be hanged if you are half a chicken dog; that bitch has wiped the earth up with you, and you are such a cussed fool you have not found it out. Get under the seat there before I knock you on the head, yoa trifling skunk hunter, you," ; Doc never bad anything more to say about heating my dogs after that. But in 1891 1 saw him ana told him I had a dog that could beat the daylights out of Bohemian Gir), -and the only reply he made was; " Do you take me for a durnedfoQl, that you think I don't fenow better than to believe any suph nonsense as that; the dog dpri't Jive that can heat Bphemian Girl pn chickens, yov} jj 6 ar me?" Mr. P. M. Barringer came put tp shPPt wjtb me awhile, and we had some great luck pn prairie obiekens and (fuofes. Mr. Barringer killed thirty^even prairie pbickenii over Bohemian, airl pne day, wbiob was the jafge^tiRfliyWualbag', put we did jjpt tr/t$ htot bard, as fwas training, a»d I would pftofl have put puppies that I wpuld, not sbppt § gun pvep, fifteen pU norfo Ol tew» »raph his dog retrieving a duck, but n order lo get to the edge of the~ lake he had to jump from bog tb bog, and in one of his jumps he miscalculated the distance, and instead of lighting on a tussock he mftde It hole in the water; that was one time the button was hevef pressed, a ad otie photogfaph that was neve? takeh. Wet and cold he WHS, but there was no othe'' alternative but i,o tough it out', and 1 observed he did not seem to notice the discomforts of the wettihg at alL' We had been knocking tibout from slough to slough without mneli luck— 1 I think we had. perhaps, a dozen ducks and a pair of Canada geese-^-when we came upon a stubble-field that extended over a hill, and we 'saw, .wlifti we were able to look over the i'ise. n big flock of geese of, I should,say, fivw hundred. We attempted tp; make u saeak on them, but.thejr got up aiid flew to a lake about'a quarter of a mile away, and We did not got a shot, We decided to follow them, and, us we saw a few ducks flying about, we made an agreement not to shoot at naythtng but the geese, for fear that one might take a shot, at ducks when perhaps the other was about to get a shot at the geese. - ' There was a large piece of marsh between me and the lake, and at every step that I took in crossing this marsh I would' sink ankle deep io water. Each step caused it to quake and shake for a long distance on each side, a kind of a wire grass, which grew over the surface, seeming to be about the only thing that kept pne fi-oiri sinking to unknown depths. But upon getting nearer the lake I got among a growth of tall grass higher than my head, and quite thick. 1 made no' noise, as the grass was soft and thick as a carpet; and I was very cautious in my movements, besides. I knew the lake could be only a short distance away, and quietly parting a fringe of the thick grass mentioned I peeped through. Then I saw a sight such as I had never seen before, and never expect to see again. The sight that so surprised me, and held me spellbound (I had made, my way to the very edge of the. lake) was scores of mallards sitting on the, mud shore so near I could have touched some with my gun barrels and enjoying themselves in their most 'natural manner, not dreaming that within'a yard or two crouched one of their;,most dreaded enemies. I watch the gallant drakes with their brilliant green heads disporting 1 themselves proudly • and gracefully; others were preening themselves; while in a space of open water right in front were mallards until it really looked like, there was no room for more. Also, on the farther side oi this open streak of water was a luxuriant growth of wild rice, and T could catch sight through • the -openings. in this.of ducks,busy feeding. • What a chance it would have been for a pot shot, for I have no, doubt in the limited.scope before me there were at least five., hundred ducks. ; We had remarked upon the absence>'6f ducks in other lakesVand.the reason''was .now plain.'"In the lake hefpre me ,was an unusually .good feeding'; place, the abundance of wild rice surpassing anything of the' kind I had. ever.' seen. While -F stood gazing .with -.all the eagerness of one who expects • never to see a similar sight;agairt,/the'boom, boom of a gun, followed'a second-later by the boom, boom of .another,, startled the ducks into instant activity, and with a noise like distant thundeV they arose in clouds from every'part of the lake. While I thought I had seen more ducks in the space I had been looking at than I ever saw/ before, yet, when they were startled by 'the guns and began to i-ise, I discovered I had not seen one-half. It appeared as if all the ducks in the state of Iowa had congregated upon this little lake. Later in the season I made a trip into the same country with that good duck shooter John G. Smith of Algona, Iowa. I have seen many shoot wildfowl, but never saw a man who could, in my opinion, shoot with John Smith. We stopped over night by a largo lake, with a Danish family. We tried to make ourselves understood with the older members of the family, but their knowledge of English was as limited as our knowledge of Danish, and we were a long ways from making ourselves understood, At last a bright little boy of theirs, about ten years'old, returned from a neighbor's, and after they had jabbered at him awhile in Danish, probably telling him to come down where we were, and see what we wanted, the little boy came down and talked awhile with us; then he went up and saw the old folks, and finally returned and said it was all right, we could stay all night. That night we had on the table for supper a small cheese that looked like the small cheeses one sees in grocei'y stores, and the old lady, passing it to me, I thought I would try a piece; But I didn't. -I found it possessed aroma that made Hmburgep innocent when compared to its loudness, and decided that discretion was the better part of valor; so I side tracked that cheese on the edge of my plate, In the morning we were up before daylight, and went down to the lake. There were a good many ducks in the lake, and thousands of mudhens. What shooting we got was at single birds away up in the air and going a mile a minute, or more, I missed a dozen shots or so, and thought it was a bad thing to be a bog, and I would let a few go by for breeding, So in place of shooting' I fell to watching John Smith sbppt. Soon I saw a pintail coming as if it was shot out of one of these new dynamite guns, and so high I thpugbt if it were tied to a pole pf the same height a shotgun would not kill it. I saw John rise up, and said tP myself, "I wgnder what be wants to waste his amm«n,lt}Qn fpr." Then J 8«\r a puff pf smpke pome from the muzzle pf bis gun, and the duck wilted in the »{r Jpng befpre the report reached m,$, I said tp myself, "that was a good scratch shot, but I bet a dollar be pas't &> it again" I iaw another dw<?k epcaiog in just a@ big a Surry as tbe other, and I kept my eyes ee Jebn to s§§ Mm misa him; but when the pmpke op>e frpm bis un, down came tbe. duck. I still 'ifiugbtfeewM lAoptiijg wjtbagppa -' . P«t alter I saw him kTjl 1| ' tbathetenjw -, r ..-,,- ,,,,„ „.,,, ,W» &W Vi figtobJt$Mpwi.b«PttJleA .w Wi Atgdha, and carried with bira'his which was a good prairie chicken d6g* 1 had Botiemian Girl, and after wfr Pound the duck shooting was not going to amount td iniich, we went to snoot-- ifi£ chieke'nSj with fair luck; and when we got hbme We had quite a nice bunch ofbifds,. In October 1 went south and located at BruCoville, Ind., for the few weeks prior to the field trials at Bicknell, where I' ran five dogs in the all-age stakes and one In the derby. Bohetniate Girl wpfl, Poll* It was second, atid Effie. Hill 'and 'King's Mark divided- third. ' The ttufsstati thistle GetSTPicfiiy of ' Free Advertising These Days-The Pebltf Thlug Cafcae to tJS 111 JPiax Seed, as JVe Ai'e Told. > '' SP^mu'ch has been" saidVabobt the Russian thistle lately that a\ history of the weed vyill be of interest/. The secretary of agriculture at "Washington sends out a bulletin, of which Mr. Chubb has a copy. This states that the weed was first noted about 160 years ago. It continues: ; The plant was first introduced into the United States in 1878 or 1874 in flax seed brought from Russia atd sown near Scotland, Bonhomme county, S. D. The land there is somewhat hilly, and corn is the chief crop raised, - BO that, owing to the wooded ravines and the standing cornstalks, the Russian thistle was at first slow in spreading. In 1877 it first appeared in Yankton county, east of Bonhomme, and five years later it had spread to the counties to the north and west of Bonhomme. It continued gradually to cover new territory until 1888, when it had infested most of the counties between the Missouri and James rivers, south of the Huron, Pierre and Deadwood divisions of the Chicago & Northwestern railway. The strong winds during the winter of 1887-'88, followed by the dry summer of 1888, and possibly a. fresh importation of seed into the flax fields of Faulk or . McPherspn counties, caused the weed to spread 'w'ithin two years to nearly all the remaining counties between the Missouri and James rivers in South Dakota and to infest the southern tier of counties in North Dakota. At about the same time it invaded northern Iowa and northeastern Nebraska. . Since 1888 the Russian thistle has been steadily spreading un.til now all of the counties of South Dakota east of tho Missouri river and 20 counties in North Dakota are infested, and the plants have crossed to the west side of the Missouri river in at least four places in. these states. Two counties in western Minnesota, three in northwestern Iowa, and four in northeastern Nebraska are thoroughly infested with the weed. The rapidity. with which the Russian thistle has spread, both in infesting new territory and in thoroughly covering that already infested far exceeds that of any 'weed known in America. Very few cultivatedplants even, which are intentionally introduced and intentionally disseminated, have a record for rapidity of distribution equal to that of this weed. Throughout about 25,000 square miles it is very troublesome, and is causing a large amount of damage. Throughout the remaining 15,000 square miles, including most of the isolated localities, it is not yet so abundant as to cause much damage to crops, but it is established in sufficient quantity to spatter seeds and become troublesome during the next dry season. The Russian thistle, although" of some value as a forage plant when youn'g, can be regarded only as a weed. It takes possession of valuable land ,as well as waste places to the exclusion of all other plants, and it draws from the soil a large amount of nourishment that might otherwise go to useful plants. In these respects it partakes of the properties of all weeds, but it spreads and multiplies more rapidly, and hence takes more space and more nourishment than most others, and unlike them it seldom decays on the ground where it grows', to return to the soil a portion of its substance. In fields it is especially troublesome to wheat and flax. If a late spring or. early drought checks the growth of these cropsj the Russian thistle, growing at its hest in dry weather, pushes up and crowds or starves out many of the weakened plants, and the grade of those left is much injured. In many flax fields and in some wheat fields the crops in 1898 were left standing as not worth harvesting. Besides injuring crops the rigid bushy weeds make it very difficult to run harvesting machinery. In many regions binders could not be operated at all, and even the headers were used with extreme difficulty. Plowing is often seriously interfered with by the large weeds, and every farmer knows' how troublesome it is to have the harrow or cultivator continually clogging. The sharp spines on. the plants not only irritate and worry both horses and men, but often, by breaking under the skin, cause festering sores on the • horses' legs, so that in many localities it has been found necessary to protect them with high boots or leggings, During prairie fires the burning thistles cause a great amount of damage by crossing fire-breaks, which would otherwise be ample protection to buildings or stacks, and by destroying wooden .posts or fences. The plant being compact and woody at maturity is better fitted to carry fire than any other tumbleweed in the prairie region. The thistles bank up »gainst wire fences, often completely covering them, and the force of the wind against the mass of branches often breaks the fence down, or if fire gets into them the posts, are almost certain to be destroyed. of Extermination. Forest City Summit: In many coun* ties in the northern part of the state a war of extermination has been begun upon the Russian thistle, and in our neighboring county of Kossuth the board of supervisors took prompt action in the matter, and will see to it that the township officers do their duty as provided by law. Winnebago and Hancock should be no laggards In this highly important crusade, If a special session of the county board be necessary let it be called at once and no time lost, and, in the meantime, no good farmer will wait for any official action, but will at once see to it that his farm and the highway adjoining his farm are plearedl of the noxious pests should any be found growing. It is to be hoped that no one will consider the matter in other than the proper light, for it is really one pf grave impert tp every farmer in tbe country, ____ First-class Hprse Shoeing. I have now a NP. 1 horse sboer and general blacksmith. Bring "in vour steppers and be cpnvinoed. I have also started a feed mill, and will haye ground feed fpr sale,' All wprk war; ranted, Qprner court hpu.se square, Webster g»y j- 8 | rB , the abPve pccasipns the Nprtb* western line will, frpm, Sept. 17 to 21, ive, sell exoursipn tickets $ Grpe. ana Webster Oity art E

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