Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on February 22, 1946 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Friday, February 22, 1946
Page 1
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fj-«*V *-tfy HIM MOPE STAR, MOM, ARKANSAS Veterans to Open Alaska by JACK STINNETT (Second of Two Articles) .Washington —- A few nights ago in.the Capitol's House caucus room there was a strange meeting. It Was the organization meeting of a "Veterans' Alaska Co - operative *Corp" • • ' Its purp"ds6' is simply to establish ,a co-operative effort by which veterans with a yen to settle in Alaska .can pool their funds, talents, knowledge, eact., to make less slippery the toehold they are seeking in America's northwest territory ; About 50 persons were present Among them was the Alaskan •delegate, E L Bartlett, and several other federal officials. Educational slides on Alaska were provided by the Deparlmenl of Ihe Interior Land Office. Present also; iwere a few Alaska business men, \ 'like Carl Eubanks of Ihe Aleutian | ,'Live Stock Co, with headquarters "on Unimak Island The rest were all World War II (Veterans who have a deep interest iin seeking their fortunes and establishing permanent homes in 'Alaska Bartlett's office and Interior ;secm convinced that these aren't just restless. fly-by-night GI* .Principal speakers and leaders of 'the .movement were Steve Larson •Hximcr, ex-Navy ensign who served in Iceland and the Pacific, but who had worked his wav through the University of Washington by jobbing in Alaska; and T D (Ted- Gregg, late of Navy Photo i Intelligence, who spent .most of his stretch in the Aleutians and the Alaskan mainland • So far their- plans are to open ^ C tL r r a n 05llS fr,r°th aJ -V-T iol i s ' healt . h >' Janice Hansen, above, represents Veterans (or their "friends or rela- Miami Rpinh Trin •„ tho r,-, Siza-tio* n «im^ob^ « r?sr L ** °< lives of which would he: Mjss Stardust, 1946." Original(1) To set -up a central informa-' ly frcm Union Cit y' N - J - she tion service with a co-op repre- \ represented her home state in sentative in Alaska to answer spe-1 the 19-14 "Miss America" beauty cific questions of prospective set- pageant tiers (Surprisingly enough, this j information is very hard to get) i (2) To purchase outright or con- New Guard Is Set Up on Atom Bomb By ALEX H .SINGLETON Washington, Feb. 20 —I/I')— See| rotary of Stale Byrnes' assurance Lady Astor Visits Miami, But Doesn't Call on Churchill Miami, Fla., Feb. 19 —(.'l'i—Lady Astor, who served for many years in Great Britain's Parl'iamenl, spent the night in Miami last ni»hl J?" 1 she did not sec Winston: Churchill, another famous British- 1 or vacationing here. HugeJopShip to Be Target of Atom Bomb By TOM LAMBERT Tokyo Bay, Feb. 1!) —(/!')! barnacle-crusted, ii shell bomb - twisted AP & L Sets Up New Division at Hot Springs . Lillle Rock, Feb. *1{) _.(/[.,_Crea- sion''Nv'hieh nt Hot Springs, has been promoted lo division manager. Otherwise, Ritchie said, there would be no changes in personnel. Areas in the new division, nil formerly purl ( " " I -_...-. ^ u » vii<t\_ AJ ,7*11 v O Cl O O U I tl 11 L. U itnat the know-how of atomic bomb "Winston lu-vm- liu-nri „„„„„, !•.,,,,,•, , production remains an exclusive nolitics T ,\ n M 11• i rn i • m i- s »cll of the battleship Nagato, one- ignited Stales secret brought a re- said the ViI-E niu 1 n\,iA C ?,r t ' , i!' mt> , ln 'i d ? I' 1 lht ' J:l Panese "'ivy, district hipu-rrl p.nnitni Hiii ..,.., *„,!.,„ «f I. " Mlt . vngmu-botn wife of Lord ! Is scheduled to steam seaward —, ~ ,— A1 , ,,,, ^, ^,,-, ,-,uju WUILII nits iiccHuiuai tors Ji of a new operating division • Pine Bluff, include Gurdon, Arka- of the Arkansas Power and Light .dolphin, Malvern, Glcnvvood and Company to be known as the other communities served out of western division with headquarters Hot Springs at Hot Springs, was announced to- Ritchie said the central division day by Vice President R. K. Hitch-[now was spread over a wide area w,,,..<_,.. oiiiiua senei urouyni a re- sad the Viramiu-hnri '•'•S^H »}, £ IU cry today ° r A°U.r when "she" ami {"guard it well." ! In the wake of Canadian disclo- jsures of arrests to break up a for- jeign spy ring, the congressional I reaction to Byrnes' statement was a mixtue of relief and admonition to make sure it can't happen here. I Typical of that reaction were these comments to a reporter: Chairman May (D-Ky) of the House Military Committee — "I only hope thai he is correct. We should preserve the secrecy of the atom bomb until positively assured ot an effective United Nations agreement not to utilize it for war." Chairman Carl Vinson (D-Oa.i of Ihc House Naval Committee — "I am glad we still keep it." Privately, a number of lawmakers still expressed a desire ior. a more complete picture of the ! Canadian investigation and its pos-' sible ramifications here and for n \°rc details on the situation which Byrnes acknowledged he knew about as long ago as last November. In answer to direct questions at his news conference yesterday, the secretary of stale declined to say: Whether the spy ring in Canada is directed by Ihe Russian govern- • - — • • •.•*"-. (i i in i iui IHlSUflMci slopped here during a vacation cruise along Ihe Florida coast Asked about the proposed ,$3.375 000,000 loan to Britain, Lady Astor about up "I don't know anything economics, but if you set committee of Great Britain soon. But this voyage will be dif- Icrenl. The Nagato, lasl survivor of Japan's line of mighty buttle wagons, stands practically no chance of returning from her rendezvous with Ihe atomic bomb in May. The exact sailing dale' is uncer- -. _, ,,,j (I i • • •*. » .. i, ^ v •_• 1.111 11 i f_, i.tciit JO UlUJfJl" nations likelt'"'' hut Capt. W. J. Whipplc of ---—•- ~...i.... .,..u the United'I-* 1 ' 1 "" Rouge, La. .American coin- Males _and Ihcy decide that such u '•• mander of Ihe ship, has ordered and any tract lanorsea and air transportation for moving the members, family and equipment to Alaska and rivals (Alaska's present housing prcblcm is serious, tool (4) To reduce living costs iij <uiu eiiuipmuiu 10 AiasKa and '^' *o reaucc living costs providing year-around- low-cost through producer-consumer buying service within and outside the ter-i ar| d marketing ritory (Surplus LSTs or LCTs and! ' 51 T ° set up an employmcnl and a C-47 Diane) ' [placement service that, will prac- (3) To set up a housing pro- ti( ;? 11 >' bla 1 k ? 1 ,. [ , he territory gram, using seabee construction i '"' lo establish a mutual hank to methods in erecting ensineercd-for- serve settlers financial needs at methods in erecting engineercd-for- Alaska homes and purchasing sur- lower rates than now prevail in the territory and guarantee full parti ment. Whether any scientific secrets thing is necessary lo peace prosperity, I don'I see how one can go against it. —— o — Sattcrfield Is to Preside at Jackson Day Dinner in L. R. Litlle Rock, cb. 19 --(/|>)~ j v Saltcrfiekl, former mayor of Little l"c C Ai-k V -in S s-i? P H,'|!" d ' L 'JV lirm ; m of i '"ore mmcmi mat repairing the bvGovernorV- ln v T i y cl " lncl ' i tl; "" ; '«<- caused by bombs from Sattcrfield s ,' 'ho ^ y 'i i i U ' S ' ' jlancs clurin « tllu war is the battcitiLld s.ml he would have j replaccmenl of parts taken by her ready by March 10. A trial'run may be made next week. The Japanese light cruiser Saka- wa. which U. S. officers doubt saw action in the war, will accompany the Nagato lo Bikini atoll in the Marshall islands lo participale in the tests. U. S. navy tugs probably will ac-j company the ex-batllcship in its i journey with the "Guinea- fleet, for the big vessel is in .. ./ poor shape. More difficult that repairing the , r ,„ . . . , that the new JirrancemciH H. teed, who has been would improve oporaline facillliri manager for A. P. L. i for the communities affected his co mini I lee next -!8 hours. s -ien v WUhi " M'ouvenhntels who visited thu ! ship sin<:t ' -'"Pirn's surrender. Some The diniiPi- \i-ili h M v, >.., • smp sllu:t ' -'npim's surrender. Some the trilh om nf H il M'"'- P "' of tht ' cciuipment was of American 1 ,.,. b ' U '?. om ot 1 "lei Marion here. make, some of British m:,m,f.-,,.<,„.„ plus barracks or quonscl huts as territory and guarantee !..__ , temporary quarters for new a- ^Pf'i?" ln CQcllt benefits of the _]G I Bill of Rights ;Helps build up resistance r 1 ^ ^ ° hc ofd To c rty-nin s er p co-op ; . against distress of daTS fflrcd'v^ffi" up to 'PERIODIC' FEMALE WEAKNESS When taken thruout the month! H you suffer from monthly cramps with accompanying headache, backache and petrous, jittery, cranky feelings—due -to female functional periodic disturbances—try famous Lydia E. Plnkham's Vegetable,, Compound to relieve such symptoms. . --Pinkham'sCompound DOES MORK than relieve such monthly pain. It also re-- llevea, accompanying tired, nervous, cranky fseltngs—of such nature. Taken thruout. the. month—this great medicine helps build up resistance against such monthly distress. "Thousand!?.upon thousands of women have reported remarkable, benefits. Also » fine stomachic; tonic! LYDIA E. PINKHAM'S Court Order to Delay Induction of Spa Draftee Liltle Rock, Feb. 19 —(/P)—Freeman Davis, 23. of Hoi Springs, who was slalcd to be inducted at Camp Robinson today, delayed his induction by oblaining from Federal Judge Thomas C. Trimble a writ of habeas corpus under which the court will review his status with Selective Service. The hearini on the writ was set for February 26. Davis alleged that he wr.s nol given proper opportunity to submit information to Board H of Garland county on his claim for deferment because of his farm work. Uavis received one deferment until September 18, 1945, when he was instructed to submit information concerning ihis agricultural work. He claimed thai the chairman of his draft board refused to acccpl the information he offered. . ...i^, «--*.»\.iiLixiv, oi_t_it_L.a leading up to the development of the atomic bomb had leaked oul of this counlry — only God and God alone would know, he said. What his position is on the opinion expressed by Joseph E. Ua^'ps f >:mor U. S. ambassador to Russia, that the Soviet Union nas "every moral right" to seek atomic bomb secrets through military espionage so long as shc is barred from such information b!y her former fighting allies. • For most of these' answers, Byrnes referred his questioners to the FBI, which had nothing to say. But he did say flatly, on top of the statement that the U. S. re- lains sole knowledge of Ihc atom bomb know-how, that he had no knowledge about: Any investigation or activity of a spy ring in the United States similar to that reported in Canada. . In saying that the United Stales ! retains sole control of Ihe know- 'how of atom bomb production, ! Byrnes drew a distinction between i this and steps leading up to the ' development of atomic energy. It has- been known that other countries have been working on similar projects prior lo the use of Ihc bomb in the war .against Japan, -o ere Exact time of the dinner and the amount per plate to be charged are still to be determined,Sallerfioki -said. It is the plan of the congressional delegation to attend the dinner, which will be an all-Arkansas affair, Sattcrfield said. No outside speaker .from the make, some of British manufacture. And since the Nagato is 23-years- old, much of this is no longer available. parly ranks has been inviled. Prcsidcnl Truman's address, scheduled for March 2?, will be "piped" lo the banquet room. MEALS TASTE BETTER WHEN YOU SERVE M - '•••vj,.'. .-'--.Tg'Kg••.:>v;jvj^>;y-v;.(-•yy^u•™j| *«** ;^^iiS?lipis^&li^: i"~ : " :! V';iSlisp^"W^'V'i : . 8 ^A^%lM§S't1to •.'-,':.'•; iiaWlii';h?v'5Kd(its>5^?»iM'ff^^3^^:;-Sf BLUE RIBBON BREAD AT YOUR GROCERS and CITY BAKERY QUALITY WOR ARMY CLOTH KHAKI' We have jusf received a large shipment of these quality khaki pants and shirts, made by Dickie and we have plenty. Get a supply now. Sanforized and pre-shrunk. Good range of sizes. EACH GARMENT We Give and Redeem Eagle Stamps Geo, W, Robison & Co. Hope Nashville Rise of a New York Cabaret Described | By JACK O'BRIAN | New York — Some 17 years ago 1 a couple of young guys-about ! Broadwav opened a holc-in-thc-wall ; night club on 52nd Street nol un- ilike a dozen or more similar hush ihush places along lhat block boil ween Fifth and Sixth avenues : There was nothing particularly distinctive about the opening Just a guy named Eddie Davis and his partner Leon Enken who bought a l bar, some battered fixtures and ne- icessary floating . equipment and ; began selling things, mostly liquid i After mulling over the choice of i a nice, flowery name for the prcm- i ises, the two new and very smaT? businessmen looked at each other, Ithcn al Ihe shabby, semi-ballerod 'unbolslory of the joint and laughed ; righl out loud. From then on the i ulace was known, first of all to ijust Ihesc Iwo young Broadwayiles out now to millions of nighl club regulars from coast to coast, as "Leon and Eddie's" Thousands of Cabarabian Nights Holer the same Eddie Davis slill is singing his sly songs, banging on a i piano of approximately the same 'dimensions with his same fists for tympanic emphasis. The same ! Leon Enkcn, now known to almosl 'everyone, including most of his relatives, as "Mr Leon" But the Eddio Davis of loday is | dressed in a $200 dinner jackel; Ihc old Eddie Davis wore a business suit: shirt Iceves in summer. Mr. Leon is a litlle wider in Ihe mid- I die and it's nol a money bell; he I keeps the cash in a nice solvent bank account There have boon a few times when ihings were touch and go Like when the tough boy from the West Side shoved Leon and Eddie into the men's room, pulled a gun from his panls pockcl and demanded money for protection The only alternative was the tra- dilional "Or Else" 1 . Thai's Ihe day Leon finally gol fed up and told ihe guy to go ahead and shoot, I lhal they.were broke, couldn't pay j oft any such tribute, and thai iiny: way. "wo mighl just as well be ! dead as go on this way" , This highly unusual behavior j from such normally mock lads startled the gunman, and afler i frowning over it a minute or two, i seemed to appreciate the atliludc, i for he pocketed his Roscoe and i walked out i The years since have spun by Leon and Eddie in kaleidoscopic i fashion, like a movie montage The memories at 33 West 52nd Street hurtle back through their minds in a big, rnixcd-up collection of faces, facts and happenings: Garbo hiding in a corner The Black Bottom, Charleston, Big Apple Max Baer, winner and new champion! "Happy days are here again" FDR elected Thrce-lwo beer Bank holiday Buy Bonds! . Rationing Frank Sinatra "Leon and Eddie's closed tonighl because of Ihc dealh of our beloved President" V-J Day, Buy Victory Bonds PARALYZED I Pocalello, Idaho, Fob .21 — (/)']— j Llewellyn Jacobs, 17 year old Pull- j man porlcr, lold police a robber I wakened him as he slepl in an idle | railroad ear, Ihreatened him with j a blackjack and took $71 from • him. | | Then, said Jacobs, the robber j ! told him to hold the blackjack for . him while he counted his lot. \ "Well, didn'l you nil hirn witli ; il? officers asked. i i "Hit him?" said Jacobs. "I i couldn't move I was so scared!" r^^?-^^ ' M!"J t^xi Hostess, COOK o based largely on appetite, wV < m-f*-\ &&'V? >k%Jlt.?r?,' every , rael- igrant 17 lii ||C-»-' " if .you re among the -^"^ %A ^.At/Vv tfWJW a more proud or y tafion ^an ever before. W"3 L U X U R I 0 U S F L A V 0 R I N E V E C U P •;•) Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor • Alex. H. Wnnhburn Take It Easy on Reform Not Yet Totaled A current survey by the Insurance I'.conomics Society of America points wilh alarm "to a move- rU'iil winch would pul the sune governments, as well as the federal organisation, into the business of social securily. Such a proposal, indeed, is now being pressed by Ihe governor of tafllilornia, who would add taxes on both employers and employes for it state as well as a federal social security system. Certainly we are going to get around to some lorm of health insurance, as weil as the present old- age insurance—but wouldn't it be '••'jund business to ask ihe stale gov- ynmenls lo lay olf until we nnd oul what the final policy of the ted- eral government is going to be? Federal social security is now costing employers and employes 1 per cenl each on payroll, for old- age benefits; and is costing employers only from 3 per cent down to as low as 1.3 per cent (depending on the individual firm's merit rating), for unemployment insurance. But il should nol be overlooked lhal Ihe original schedule for old- age benefits called for a periodic increase in Ihe lax. .starting at I .per cent and stopping at 3 per cenl. An arbitrary "freeze" by the congress has held the old-age benefits lax to the original 1 per cenl—bul people can't help growing old, and as they grow old their claims against the old-age benefits fund will increase. Then the lax will have to be increased to just whal Hi original calculators of Ihc old- age benelils system figured in the «^S«SCTMS««»t*v!,«jB^ Hope 47TH YEAR: VOL. 47—NO. 1 1 ) Star of HOOD. 1899: Press. 1927 Consolidated January 18. 1929. Star WEATHER Arkansas: Parity Cloudv not much change in temperature this afternoon, tonight and Saturday. beginning. It would be fo .•'2finch state tax , therefore, to _;— - ..... programs now iicn we still haven't learned the full tax cost of the federal social securily program. Old-age security alone .stands to cost employer and employe together a maximum of G per cent of payroll. Yet we are today paving March 7 Is Date Set for 'Phone Strike By JAMES R. MASSEY Q Memphis, Tenn., Feb. 22 —(UP) - Despite a lasl-minulc pica from Labor Secretary Lewis B. Schwcl- lenbach, the executive council of Ihe national federation of telephone workers last night set March 7 as D-day for the communications industry. After four days of conferences in Memphis, NFTW president Joseph Biorne announced that 100,000,000 workers of 17 affiliated communications industry unions would leave their jobs al 0 a.m., March 7. (A total of 2(>0,000 telephone workers will be affected by the walkout. Seventy thousand members of 25 affiliate unions who have already signed new contracts, and DO,000 members of eight NFTW unions slill negotiating, have been ordered lo honor strike procedure. They will not cross picket lines nor accept calls from slrikc-gripcd sections, i Bierne said that a message from Schwellenbach urging the federation to 'avoid strike aclion until further negotialions lake place," was received 25 minutes afler Ihc Work- slopage dale had been set. "My reply lo Schwcllenbach's message will be that the workers are going on slrikc March 7. If he wants to confer with me I will bo in Washington next week," Bierne said. Stern-faced, the national telephone workers head declared union contract demands would not be modified. "All demands must be el." The unions asked a $2 per day wage increase and return to a -idiom- work week. He indicated ear- HOPE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 1946 Gen. Holdridge Comes Forth With His Own Plan to Wipe Out Caste System in Army By WILLIAM F. ARBOGAST Washington, Feb. 22 —(/I')— The retired general who lashed out at the army's "medieval caste system" came up today with his own program lo close the social gap between officers and enlisted men. H. C. Holdridge, who took off his brigadier general's uniform .a year ago after 27 years as an officer, submitted his proposals to Ihe House Military Committee al ils request. High on his 10-point list were these Iwo suggestions: 1. Class all mililary personnel simply as "soldiers" wilh titles retained "for purposes of identification" only. 2, Put officers and men identical uniforms, leaving insignia of rank as the sole means of telling them apart. Holdridge, a West Pointer, directed his blast al Ihe army earlier this week when he appeared before the committee to oppose compulsory military training in peacetime. In his statement lo the committee loday, Holdridge, a Washing- Ionian, declared lhal existing dis- Unclions between officers ;ind men result in two classes in the army— "a superior and an inferior." Olher points in his program: Command and authority lo be oascd "on posilion of rcsponsibil- ly and not merely on rank." Elimination of economics dis- UncUons between officers and cn- Ihrough revision of ., .._„ _choduies and equalization of allowances. A requirement thai all personnel not residing in private home live in Ihe same barracks and cal In Ihc same quarters; "such differentiation" as might be permitted would be based on "the degree of responsibility for the ef- ficicnl management of quarters and messes." Abandonment of "all segregation between officers and enlisted mcn in places of amusement and in public." Provision for "a clear chancl of promolion from boUotn to top, so lhal any man entering us i\ rc- crull might achieve lop rank x x x according lo his abililics." Revision of Ihc army school system by providing a progressive course of training for varying levels of responsibility. West Point would be reconstilulcd as a graduate school. Establishment of courses "of instruction in democracy within the army." with all personnel being encouraged to present views on matters of national interest. Creation of a "new system of military justice apart from the hierarchy of command to eliminate open and covert pressures, with experienced, permanent judges, with qualified counsel for Ihe accused ,and wilh juries drawn from all levels of mililary pcrson- . . -- ,,, , •' i-".••••.-> ..wiii LIIIIV \vuui\. in,- inuiLiiieu ear- bill 2. per cent. We have a potential Her that the federation mighl lower federal lax hanging over us which is Ihree limes whal we are now paying. Are we ;;oi lax before we Ihc first one? f) * * * * By JAMES THRASHER Mechanical Thinking its minimum wage demands of G5 cents on hour. nounced the birth of a wonderful new electric computing machine, built for the Navy and installed at Harvard University. It promised to do to pencil-and-paper inathe? malics what the printing press did lo hand lettering, and what the internal combusion engine did to the horse. served notice of a possible news and radio blackout "Radio wires and news wires will not be as good as they were in Ihc In the summer of 1SH-1, science an- j' ut . '-"- 1 ; !: s «" oc ' UK lh , c y WO1 ' C i» the junccd Ihe birth of a wonderful hlsl . walkout Jan. _ 11-12, ' Moran said. "Many of the organizations that served such wires were not directly affected at that lime. The telephone companies will have no one to maintain such wires Ihis lime." The nation's link wilh Ihc outside world may also be severed with Ihe slrike as TJiil'nmv rnmp* «nmolhinif <~tir\ in wltn lne s l>'ike as operators Oil jiui uo\\ comes soinoining sdia 10 .-,,,,-,,...0.,.. i-,,..,,. r ii- ;,T tu« IT o be 1000 times faster, more miracu-.,°J L ' s> ^ 1!> bo '! ld >> '" the U. S. are Ju:; and. if possible, even more in-' j^j,.. comprehensible machine; 11 iu im the previous he. -Electronic- Nu- . merical Inlcgrator and Compulcr, built for the Army and, in this age of designation by initial, inevitably nicknamed ENIAC. ENIAC is 50 feet long, weighs HO Ions ,and cost $'100,000. II can do 10,000,000 additions or subtraclions - oi ,. J-Jt-lllIU ,, pimlcs .. mo ,. c u , halfway lo of ton-figure numbers in five nun- avoid ., striUc •• he re-cmphasb.ed ,,,,1,, n „!«,, n^,!,™ -r •• members. 'the federation will give no consideration for emergency service;". He" also' said thai ihe executive council had reachcd no decision on what aclion to lake if Ihe government seizes the communications industry. Although Beirnc reiterated thai the unions would meet the companies "more lhan halfway lo miles. 11 also makes long-range |ihal weather forecasts, and probably will be able'to do complicated problems in astronomical malhematies ,J nol much more time than it takes a radar echo to bounce hack from Continued on Page Two - o _ Withdrawal of Pauley Party Hope ^Washington, Feb. 22 —-(/I'l—Sen- ale Democrats eager to avoid a possible party-splitting vole appeared today to be pursuing u twin line of strategy filmed al withdrawal ot Kdwm Paulcy's nomina- lion as under secretary of the navy. One Democratic senator who says he is inclined* to doubt Ihe w.Jidom of the apoinlment but hasn't said so publicly told a reporter he has been urged by his party colleagues to make a stale- uu'iil similar to one by Senator !,l.'warl iD-Tenni calling on Panley to step out of the fight. The .slrategy, as this senator explained il, involves an attempt lo convince Ihe former J3emui:ralic national Ireasurer lhal enough Democrats are lined up against him lo make eonfirmalion impossible. Pauley has contended that he can be confirmed, despite indications lhal any such resull is ex liemely doubtful. The nominee has insisled that since his integrity has been questioned in testimony before the Sen»&: Naval Committee, the Senate itself must decide the issue. The second Democratic move afoot is one which its sponsors believe might make il easier for Pauley to withdraw wilh face-sav- . ^ . be no dilly-dally- ing all around. These legislators He said the federation was willing "to confer with telephone) company officials but will not sctlle individually. No settlement will be made without aproval of the executive board. No aproval will be given until the policy of the NFTW is reached and realized by all unions." Carlton W. Wcrkau, NFTW secretary-treasurer, was named national strike director. He will work with local, regional and national strike committees. Strike head- qua rlers will be set up in Wash- inKton. The strike announcement said: "A nationwide telephone strike been set al (i Thursday, March 7 by unanimous action of the National Federation of Telephone Workers executive board. "The strike commence at 0 a.m. in each of the lime belts." Apparently only government in- lei'vention can prevent America f i om becoming a silent nation two Conlinued on Page Two Russians Open Up Mukden to Outside View (Editors note: This is the first story received from Mukden since nine Allied correspondents were permitted lo enter Manchuria nearly a week ago and were hold incommunicado 54 hours by Russian authorities. The story was delayed two days presumably for lack of quick communications. Copy was flown from Mukden and radioed from Shanghai.) By SPENCER DAVIS Mukden, Feb. 20 (Delayed) —(/P) — This scarred, disheveled Manchurian arsenal cily was thrown open by Russian mililary authorities today to nine Allied correspondents who previously had been confined 54 hours hold. II was al Mukden that the incident which led to the Sino-Japan- esc war developed 14 years ago. For the past six months, rumors emanating from this one time stronghold ot Manchu warlords were purple with intimations of banditry, rape, looting, kidnaping, arson and murder as violent as in the days of Genghis Khan. Correspondents, wishing to check the validity of these accounts and to see whal was hapening in Manchuria's postwar world, were balked by both Chinese and Russian officials until today, when 40-year-old Maj. Gen. Andrei Kovloun'-Slanke- vilch announced: "You may go any place ,al any lime you wish in Mukden, \vilh o'r without escort." This broughl lo an end a period of more lhan Iwo days of restricted movement, amoutning lo internment for us in the South Manehu- rian railway's Yamalo holel, renamed the Inlqurisl hotel. H was the first time since Ihc war ended Ural Allied newsmen had been granted the privilege of entering this Soviet-occupied Man- cluirian city. We found a city of 2,000,000 undergoing Ihc pangs of inflation, wilh 1'cid prices four limes higher loday than six weeks ago. Victory Gardeners Urged to Help Nation Meet Impending Food Shortage Over World • •' "' ,Tt Washington's Farewell Is By The Associated Press The nation observed George Washington's 214th" birthday anniversary in traditional fashion today, with both houses of the national Congress selling the pace by listening to a reading of the famous farewell address. Dirccled "to the people of Ihc United Stales," Ihe address was delivered Sept. 17, 179G to announce lhal Ihc nation's first president declined to be considered for a third term. Again, as on each anivcrsary of his birth, Ihcsc words -of Washington sounded in Ihc halls of Congross: "The unily of government which constilulcs you one people, is also now dear lo you. II is justly so; lor it is a main pillar in the edifice of your real independence; the support of your tranquility at home; your peace abroad; of your safety; of your prosperity; of that very liberty which you so highly prr/.e. x x x x "Cilizcns by birth, or choice, of a common counlry, that counlry has a right to concentrate your alfcclions. The name of American, which belongs lo you in your na- lional capacily, musl always exalt the just pride of patriotism x x x With slight shades of difference you have the same religion, manners, habits and political principles. XXX Every portion of our counlry finds the most commanding motives for carefully guarding and preserving the union of Ihe whole, x x x "It is important likewise, that Ihc habils of thinking in a free country should inspire caution in those inslrusled wilh ils administration, to confine themselves within their respeclivc conslilutional spheres, avoiding in the exercise of Ihc powers of one department to encroach upon another, x x x "Against the insidious wiles of foreign influence, (I conjure you to behove mo fellow citizens,! 'the jealousy of a free people ou-ht to be constantly awake; since history and experience prove, thai orcign influence is one of the most banelul loos of republican government, x x x x "Harmony, and a liberal intercourse with all nations, Bombay in Open Revo!) Say British By O, MILTON KELLY Bombay, Feb. 22 —(/I 1 )— Citywide civilian riots touched off by a seamen's mutiny flamed in Bombay today amid machincgun fire. British trops, planes and warships converged on Ihe cily of 1,400,000. which A. E. Caffin, deputy police commissioner, declared lo be in a slate of "absolute rebel- The day started a long weekend tor workers who do not have Saturday duties, and Ihe normal Washington, Feb. 22 — (IP}— The lation's Victory gardeners were called on loday lo duplicale their veoman wartime service and help •lieve the poslwar global food mrlagt'S. The appeal came from President Truman who said urgent needs abroad "for food from this country emphasi/e the importance of continued effort to add to our - 1 ""* 01 ' « food supply." The slringent food outlook also said they was stressed by Secretary of Ag- ricullure Anderson in a simultane- - - __ --. HIS stalemenl late yesterday. He once Pauley asked officially for (summoned the nation's farmers to •" : ""' ' "' u: 'increase their HMO foodstuff planting by more than 3,200,001) «cres. "The situalion," he declared, "calls for a continued all-out pro- ion effort" even though Ihis mean a heavy strain on the soil and a delay in farmers' re- conversion toward a peaclimc pal- * *<>*• ^ t. i *. ^,l,J , II IVJ i o ^Ltlu L11U) \, thought il might be possible to obi lain from the Naval Committee — 8 once Pauley asked officially for | wilhdrawal of his name —a sum\ muliun of evidence finding that the charges against him had not been Jhief accusation is that by for- ducti .•r Secretary of Ihe Interior liar- "will old L. Ickes, who lestified Pauley suggested lo him in HH4 that $330,(100 in Democratic campaign funds H-'ould be raised from oil men if he government did nol press its 'aim to ownership of tidelands oil Any committee action of this 1 'kind probably would find Republi- ' can members in violent oposition. lern In of soil management." Congress, meanwhile, price aspect of food products vied for atenlion. with subsidies and ceilings lo the fore. OPA ceilings came under attack today by beet sugar processors, who claim they are not .allowed And sponsors of the plan aeknowl- what they are entitled lo under the |»,U{ed lhal ( tliey are not at nil eer-I Price Control Act and the Stabili- Senator Murclock (D-Utahi from sugar beet country was nol to op- limislic lhal processors would be able lo increase the consumer sup- ly of sugar this year, but he ..oled in an interview lhat the industry had been able to uu beet sugar production in \H4r> "and I hope we can increase 19-Ki over t(p|n all uf the Democrat* would zation Act. go along. There are 11 Democrats and seven Republicans 0:1 the committee. President Truman made it double certain with a news conference I ply' comment yesterday lhal nothing ; note short of aclion by Pauley can pre- venl a Senate vole lhal will find many Democrats on the spot. The president said he was backing Panley solidly, adding lhal when sent a nomination to the behind U. -•- | Meanwhile, the government put Senate into effect loduv ubund ou the use Jul cane dicohol fur aleholic bever- swelled as ,.. — ...*.«*, »vno awuueu as many financial markets and other businesses usually operating on Saturday declared that day also as a holiday. boarded 'his ages. The Civil Production Administration said the reason was to provide additional molasses •—the source of cane alcohol —for more essential uses. i * n-aiumu iruman boarded his Mr. Truman rallied victory gar- yacht, the USS Williamsburg dur >nors hnr.k m ihn ,.„!„...= <„ ., ing the day for a weekend on Ihe Potomac. u B °n 01 ,T h( ;., lcfl ' u - Co1 - James H Battc, While House mililary *!! ,L P | , ilcccl « presidential wreath °f the Washington donors back lo Ihe colors in *. statement issued after a conference with Agriculture Secretary Anderson. "During the war period," he declared, "gardening further dcmon- slraled ils value to our people in many ways. The splendid response to Ihe appeal for more home-produced food was an important factor in making it possible during the war for the people of this country to be better fed than before the war while supplying Ihc besl- I'ed fighting forces in the world and providing essential food supplies to our allies. The threat of starvation in many parts of the world and Ihe urgent need for food from this country emphasize the importance of continued effort to add to our total food, supply this year." Secretary Anderson specifically requested increases of 1,000,000 acres of wheat. 1,000,000 acres of corn in midwestern corn belt, 1,110,000 acres of soybeans and 100,000 acres in smooth dry edible peas. The new goals are 69,875,000 acres for wheat, compared with 6fi.7Ul.000 planted last year; more than 97,760,000 for corn compared with 02,807,000 lasl year, 10,700,000 for soybeans, compared with 10,U7H,000 and dried peas 5H8.000 acres compared with 523,000. The requested increases in corn and soybean acreages by major stales included: Corn — Missouri, 300,000. Soybeans — Missouri, 73,'JfO: Aran^ao, 10,000. monument. 9,41 6 Soldiers Due to Dock in U. S. Ports Today By The Associated Press Mo,. e than 5,710 men are scheduled to arrive today at Ihrce Wesl •Vvnn (P °'' tS aboartl ni "c ships while 3,700 troops are due to debark from six^ vessels al New York. Ihree olher ships carrying 1 428 lion." The Royal Indian Navy mutiny continued here bill at Karachi parachute troopers with artillery fired for 25 minutes on the HMIS Hindustan, 1,000-ton sloop sized by rebellious seamen, and forced the mulineers to run up the while flag. In Bombay rifle and macbuiegun fire crackled in many scclions against mobs which bcal, stone and knifed their victims, set fire lo many police and mililary trucks and private cars, smashed store and bank windows and went on a looting spree. Unofficial figures indicalcd Ihc dealh toll in today's street fighting might total 50 or more, with upwards of 250 wounded. One hospital alone had a list of 30 dead, most of whom wore listed as "dead on arrival." Hundreds of British Tommies poured into the city in trucks and armored cars with. orders to fire as occasion demanded. A heavy force of bomber planes arrived at airfields ringing the cily. In the harbor mutinous Indians still in control of a flotilla of 10 small war- craft were faced by the advance guard of a strong Royal Navy force ordered here to pul down the mutiny. Heavy artillery was being sent lo the cily. (Prime Minister Atllce in London lold Ihe House of Commons that the all-India Congress party had officially disclaimed participation in the mutiny, "but left wing elements and Communists are trying to work up sympathy." The mutineers have been told thai only unconditional surrender will be accepted, he said. A British cruiser shortly would arrive on the scene, he added). Two small British naval vessels, H. M. S. nith, an escort Irigate wilh a normal complement of 200 men, and H. M. S. Scabclle, a yacht type vessel, each with four- inch guns, steamed into the harbor, A 9 p. m. curfew was imposed. Advanced headquarters of the southern Indian command were set up in Bombay with Lt. Gen. R.M.M. Lockhart in supreme com- mand'of fill'Royal Indian navy, army and air forces as the British moved lo cope wilh the mutiny. War Secretary Philip Mason esli- matcd lhal nearly 12,000 Indian sailors were involved in Ihe mutiny. Among smashed bank w'ndows were those of the National City Bank of New York. Accounts from Karachi said parachute troops with artillery took up positions half a mile from the wharf where the Hinduslian was lying. An ultimatum was sent for the surrender of the crew and, when the deadline was reachcd, an accurate artillery fire was laid clown. The mutineers rcpliM with ^ random firefrom their naval guns, but the paratroopers accurate artillery blow up the Hindustan's battery positions and fire broke out. Twenty-five minutes afl"-- the opening of the engagement the mulineers raised Ihc while f>"<s and the troopers closed in and took conlrol of the vessel. The surrendered crew was as- The surrendered crew was as- , lre study, development scmbled on the jelly. A Reuters harnessing of atomic energy, report put casualties in Ihe engage- Hickenlooper did not refer „,„.,! ... r ,.:,,_.i —, „,- ...... , Mnsfniw'o acknowledgement ment at four killed and 2, 1 ) injured scigcd mulineers barricaded in naval barracks ashore in Bombay lo surrender, bin officials were tightlipcd. It was known, however, thai a large quantity of arms was removed from Castle Barracks, one of the besieged strongholds, during the night. Press dispatches reported that the muliny had spread lo Vizagapa- tam, on India's cast coasl between Calcutta and Madras, where GOO Royal Indian navy sailors were said to have marched through the town shouting "victory for India" and carrying Congress party flags. Al Calculla the situation remained unchanged in the fourth day of the strike of seamen, but the slreet railway system was completely paralyzed and bus service was reduced to skeleton proportions by sympathy demonstrations. Some street cars were pelted by stones. Arnna Sal' Ali, Congress parly leader in Bombay, wired Jawalhar- lal Nehru, Congress parly cxc- cutive touring the northern United situalion is '£i P r ) rr M ?? ns Associated Press J—Means Newsoooer Enterorhe Ass'n. PRICE 5c COPY Agreement Near in Strike at General ^ ^i ^^^ Motors, Says Dewey Office of Communist Paper in Chungking Wrecked, Reds Blame It on Nationalists By SPENCER MOOSA Chungking, Fob. 22 — (ff>)— The three story downtown office and book store of the Communist New China Daily News was wrecked today. Intruders smashed all furniture and tossed il oul of windows wilh fittings, personal belongings of em- ployes and books and papers, which were torn to bits. Communists charged the intruders were Kuomintang i National) parly secret service men. They said Ihc intruders battled Communist employees from room to room and floor to floor. Two employes were hospitalized with serious injuries. Meantime more lhan 10,000 Chinese students marched through Chungking streets, demanding that Russia 'quit Manchuria" and asking that Communists answer five questions including "Who is organizing up- pet regimes in Manchuria?" As the studenls passed the New China Daily News building, some ~ ~ — — -• t r *>L»»U (Jut j.u II (g, OLMJJl; hurled stones through windows but a Communist spokesman dismissed the episode as "a minor incident." That was three hours before the newspaper's office was wrecked. Unidentified intruders also wrecked the business offices' of the Democratic Daily, mouthpiece of the Democratic League which ;.as b;on protesting government "in .' MI Manchuria. Five Chinese newspapers here carried a joinl protest by 20 nationally known scholars calling the Yalla secrel agreement the most unjustified in modern diplomatic history. They charged thai the lale Presi- denl Roosevell traded Manchuria for Russian supporl in the Japanese war and declared that his tragic mistake" could not be excused despile his contributions toward victory. Continued on Page Two Red Cross / Drive Opens Next Month Hempslcad county's Red Cross campaign will be launched early next month, plans being laid at a meeting of the Hcmpslead county committee at 1:30 o'clock this afternoon (Friday) in Hope city hall with Mr. Shamwell of Ihe Lillle Rock office of the American Red Cross. Chairmen for the campaign were named as follow: County chairman: Roycc Weisenberger, who .served in this capacity iwice before entering the armed forces. School chairman: Elmer Brown Rural-chairman: Frank-J^-Hiiu Downtown Hope Chairman: Earl Cliflon. Demand Quick Decision on Atom Policy Washingto, Feb. 22 —(VP)— Congress, uneasy about the implica- lions of the Canadian-Soviet espionage row, hoard a new demand lo- day that it hurry up and do something about framing the nation's future program for atomic energy uua- Senator Hiekcnlooper (R-Iowa) fire l , old I'eporlcrs it is "imperative" lhat atomic legislation be enaclcd "without delay." This served a pointed remainder on both Senate and House which for several months have had measures pending to provide for the future study, development and to - - _.. „..,. - ^... 's acknowledgement that Efforts continued to induce be- b 9 vlcl representatives had secured - '.insignificant" secret dala in Cana- Provinccs: 'The naval strike ti . — «..„ uv.^tv.t uaict ill s da relating to atomic energy. His statement, however, came after Secretary of Stale Byrnes assured Ihe Senale Atomic energy committee yesterday that the state department was not aware of any American officials implicated in Ihe Canadian investigations, and Conlinued on Page Two that il had "suppressed" no prose- Gen. Wood Is Reported A. U. Choice Hot Springs, Feb. 22 — (f) — Maj. Gen. John Shirley Wood commander of the 4th Armored Di vision during the last war, has been asked by friends if he woulc be interested in the presidency the University of Arkansas. It was the first mention of a possible successor lo Dr. A. M Harding, whose resignaiion at the university was'announced last Sat urday. Gen. Wood, visiting in Ho Snngs, said he was surprised a the question bul added that "Ar Kansas is my state and if I -serve - it—iff -'any- •waycrrwdoM happy to do so." The general is a graduate o West Point and attended the Uni versity of Arkansas. SmoSI Wonder He Kicked on Food — If Was His Diet San Francisco, Feb. 21 — W)— General Eisenhower, in- spccling paticnls at Lettcrman hospital, stopped at the foot of a soldier's bed. "Are they feeding you properly?" the chief of staff asked the occupant, Cpl. Russel Nunes of Oakland, Calif. "No, sir," shot back the 21- year-old. A quick frown replaced the general's famous smile and it stayed there until the flustered nurse was able to stammer: "Bul he's on a special diet, sir!" The corporal grinned and the general grinned back, sharing their little joke on the nurse A young fellow in the next bed was enjoying it too until the general whirled on him and demanded: "Now don't tell me YCm arc not getting enough to eat?" Then the general was gone. The average amount of electricity -in a lightning flash is far less than the amount that can be charged into a storage battery. '®A/r D £ tr ,° U ' t Fcb ' 22 -W- Special Mediator James F. Dewey said to° av th ? 1 * n agreement between General Motors and the CIO United Auto Workers in their prolonged strike dispute probably will be reached "some time between now and midnight." "1 expect tha company and the union to reach an agreement on all issues, including wages, today," he ScllCl, Dewey nimto his statement as f "'- »"U 01, R LtillitU I, WO represenlativos of Ihe union and management began another mcet- }"8 looking lo an end to the strike that has kept 175,000 production workers idle for 9; ,i, •,-<• A Washington diwp.,id! to the Detroit News today as.vned that high level government action might be brought into the strike parleys if rom a pffy eement IS I1Ot reachcd The news dispatch quoted an unnamed Washington official as say- 1rnst D ,t tr °it reports were to the effect that "they weren't half trying" to settle the dispute. This brought from Dewey the comment: "They are trying contrary to the report. If they were not I wouldn't be in there." Hal Boyle Finds Life of a Correspondent Is Just One Grand Hotel After Another By HAL BOYLE New Delhi, Feb. 22 — (/TV-Some people collect match covers. Some go in for Shakespeare folios. My hobby is slaying in "Grand Ho- West Coast arrivals: San Diego five ships with at leasl seven personnel: Los Angeles, one vessel 1 374 troops and 100 merchant seaport's, ^k 1 "'^^ 0 - lhrcc trans The Stote Police Say: Slalislics show thai sixty per ccnl of all traffic deaths occur after dark. The safe driver reduces speed after sundown serious. You alone can control the siluation and avoid tragedy, I request your immediate nresence in Bombay." The soulhcrn section of Bombay, where many wealthy families live, was not much affected by the riots, but the northern half 'was a place of terror, Police tmd soldiers used nia- chincguns when hardpressed, and calls were senl out for more doctors and nurses at the hospitals. Many people were maroncd in their places of business. Fire barricades flamed streels. in the bo Ihe But the four-inch guns of Ihc har- slill were silent, with .- ... t uiis vessels flying Ihe cease fire" orders and making no goslurcs to start the shooting. Half a dozen Indian officers were reported being held hostage on the seized ships. Non-commissioned personnel at the Royal Indian air force station at Ambala in the Punjab went on strike. Vallabahai Palel, a right hand man of Mohandas K. Gandhi, told rcpresentulivc of striking sailors You find Ihem everywhere — from Oran to Cairo, from Paris to Calcutta. The name "Grand" is the mosl popular one in Ihe hotel business. There are almost as many "Grand Hotels" in the world as there arc Smiths, Browns and Johnstons lo fill them. My current ambition is to be known as the man who hassle in more "Grand Hotels" than any man living. Of them all I remember best perhaps the "Grand Hotel" of Calcutta, which the mailre d'hotcl assured me was "Ihe largest and finest hotel in the Orient." He said il had more lhan 500 rooms wilh baths and 400 Indian waiters in the main dining room alone. When I gol up from my first meal I believed him. Thirteen waiters in scarlet and while stood around the table and watched me as I got up and laid down my tip — very self- consciously. 1 don't know yet'which ! there: I CuiiUiiueU on Tuo There were all sorts of odd characters wandering around Ihis "Grand Hotel." among them « frustrated pretzel bender named Jhunnoo. who one morning wandered uninvited into my room — all "Grand Hotel" rooms everywhere seem to have swinging doors — and tried to sell me first shave, and finally suggested a massage. Nine British officers sharing this room with me — there is a housing shortage in the Far East loo — thought it would be a good idea for me to have a massage. Jhunnoo. a big husky Indian with a fierce black mustache and muscles like bcdsprings, said at one time he had been a wrestler. He took one look at my sprawled frame and grunted: "500 fat!" The one-man riot went to work. He thumped me for hollow spots He pulled and twislcd and kneaded and bent me. He stretched me back and forth like I was a reluctant accordion. The British officers, just oul of Ihe Burma jungle, sal crossleggcd on their beds and watched happily. They were wailing for me lo crack at the scams. After bouncing me against the headboards like a basketball several times, Jhunno began tying my limp and shattered frame into all the knots in the Boy Scout's handbook. When he finished after half an hour 1 was shaped like a running bowline and he wouldn't untie me until I paid him two rupees. "Same time tomorrow—too fat," lie said as he left, so I caughl the plane for Bombay in self defense. 1 tried to gel a room there in the Taj Mahal hotel. It was full. So were the Majority and the Green Mansion. And where do you think I finally landed? You can't get - _ _ . t c l u e then a sliampuu, Ihen a a\\ay from those "Grand Hotels." PetrilloCurb Now Up to Conference By CLAIR JOHNSON Washington, Feb. 22 — OP)— A congressional decision on how far D , g ?,,' 1 ? tr y in S to curb James C. Petnllo s powers over radio broadcasting rested largely todav with a bcnate-House conference committee. ' The House last night passed, 222 to 43, a bill aimed directly at authority wielded by the fiery presi- s- «/r of - - the Ar "erican Federation of Musicians. The Senate approved &S much milder measure on the same subject a year ago. Accordingly, the KI ? f Drafting legislation acceptable to both chambers is set to go to a joint committee. Later both House and Senate will vote on the committee's version. senators would go along with most provisions of his measure It would outlaw the use of force threats 'or other means" to compel radio stations to pay tribute to unions for using phonograph records. It also would prohibit any action to require broadcasters to employ I 71 *?}' e , workers than needed or to nalt foreign programs or any type of non-commercial, educatonal or cultural offering. Violators would be subject to a year's imprisonment or a $1 000 fine, or both. The Senate version, sponsored by Senator Vandenberg (R-Mich), specified only that any interferl ence with non-commercial, educational for cultural programs would be unlawful. It did not provide penalties. Vandenberg's bil) was aimed chiefly, at a long-standing controversy between Petrillo's union and the National Music Corp. at Interlochen, Mich. . Petrillo's name is not mentioned in either measure, but a House Commerce Committee report said it was directed at him, and nearly every, lawmaker who spoke yesterday linked the bill to the federation leader. Spellman of U. S. A. Is Top Cardinal By NORMAN MONTELLIER Vatican City, F..-b. 22 — (UP)— Special tokens of ,=': . ;o n bestowed by Pope Piut :-.:• ,„, Francis Cardinal Spellman .>! Now York convinced informed Catholic circles oday that the American was destined to become the r.iost influential of the 69 members of the sacred College of Cardinals. Cardinal Spellman, one of four Americans among the 32 cardinals elected to the college this week received the same red hat that the pope received from Pope Pius XI when he became a cardinal. Viewed as importantly significant las the inheritance by Cardinal Spellman of the titular church Sts. John and Paul which was the church given to the pope on his levation to cardinal. • .Cardinal Spellman disclosed last ignl slill another token of his lose friendship with the pope He evealcd thai Ihe pectoral cross 'orn with his house cassock had f-i 1 l', ven to him by tne P °P C in ij. ine pope had worn ihe corss s bishop, cardinal and Vatican ecretary of state. The New York prolate v.v.s the nly one of the 2U cardinals-dcsig- ale coming lo Rome who was rc- eived by Ihc pope, informally, on he first day of his arrival. Thesii evidences of esleem pos- ibly could be explained on the asis of Ihc fact that Cardinal pcllman and the pope worked as olleagucs for 10 years in the Vati- an secretary of state office and uvc been friends for many years. But they have motivated the beef on Ihe part of Calholic obscrv- rs thai New York's archbishop •ill play an increasingly important olc in all Vatican councils. Best informed obsorvors, how- vcr, did not interpr.; ;)iese evi- cnces as meaning Carrclmal Spell!an was soon to be named lo the CunlijiutU un Pa^t Two i !§! i~"S I i f I II II

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