TH1 UPPER BBSS' MOINBS: ALGOfcA IOWA WEDNESDAY AUGUST 1, 18B4. tiiSftf HfcRN W1SCONSIM BWEPf feV of Millllflu, Mnson, *ln«ld Mttd Mini-fen t'roMlhfc ilnrned—Loss In the Million*—ii-curg that Mftttjr Live* fceett Lost !£i ; SV * A&Ht,Asi>, Wk, July 30—Northern Wisconsin is being swept by the Worst ftirest fires in the history of the state. ^fhe losses already amount to millions , of dollars, and unless rain falls speedily this enormous loss will be multiplied. Itejjorts indicate that several towns Jiave been burned within a radius of a hundred miles of A&hland. To the fcotith Phillips, the county seat of PiUe aoufaty, a thriving-town of 2,603 inhabitants, has been wiped out. Fifield, 3Ust north of Phillips, in Prioe counly, ias also been destroyed, Taylor county, directly south of Price, is being laid waste. To the south west of Ashland, Mason, a busy town of Bayfield county, has been burned. To the southeast in Forest and Lang-lade counties the flames are making destructive progress. Appeals for aid to Split the flre came pouring into this city all yesterday afternoon nnd <vening. Relief trains were dispatched, but in nearly every instance they encountered burned /bridges and were forced to return. .Being walled in by flames it is practically impossible to get assistance to the towns frantically a*king it Cut Off from all outside succor rains are the only source of relief. And there is no feign «f rain. The woods are dry and the flames sweep through, them as through so much kindling. As they sweep onward they carry a menace of destruction to all the towns and farms of northern Wisconsin. KESISTLKSS feWKKP OF FRAMES, Reports at Anljliuid of Surrounding Towns Destroyed. ABHLAND, Wis.. July 30.—Philips, the headquarters of John R. Davis Lumber company, a manufacturing town of S.iiOil people, is totally destroyed by fire, and only a few build. ings remain standing. A dispatch Just received from Fifie'd, a small station a few m.les this f side of Philips, says that 500 women .and children from Philips are in the woods there without shelter. Along the Omaha line the fires are raging w th. terrible fierceness. Shores Crossing, a little village eight miles west of Ashland, was destroyed; not a building remains standing and the homeless families were brought to Ashland. The railroad bridges near there were destroyed and a fast Omaha freight and sixteen loaded cars were entirely burned. Both the engineer and fir •mun were injured and the brakeraen are missing. Loss to cirs and freight many thousands of dollars. Mason, a small town south on the Omaha line caught fire at 2 o'clock. The While River Lumber company's i mill, with 40.000.000 feet of lumber in ' the yards, was destroyed, and at C o'clock the latest report received here says the entire town was threatened. The Omaha bridge across White river at Mason is burned. Railroad officials eay the loss at Mason is fu ly $1,000,000. with 5250.000 insurance. Homesteaders in the outlying districts are all fleeing into the nearest towns, leaving their homes to the fury of the flames So far no loss of life is reported. The fire, department Is carefully guarding the outside limits of Ashltind und the city is not in anv immediate danger. News from Hurley states that town was enveloped in a dense cloud of smoke all . day, with fires on nearly every side. A construction train left over the Omaha rond for the sceni) of a disaster near Washburn. A- freight train ivenl through a burning bridge and the locomotive and six cars were turned. Trainmen escaped. Thompson Lumber company camps at White river have burned. The White River Dumber company's plant at Mason ' has gone up in smoke with 40,000,000 feet of lumber, The Ashland Lumber "cpmpany's camps have burned. An- pther bridge is reported as burned south of Mason, which puts the Omaha service under great disadvantage. Yesterday was the most destructive day for forest fires in the history of northern Wisconsin. • It is impossible to fight the flames down. The only hope is that rain will come to put them ant, Much damage is being done to tim- lb.er, »nd Jogging interests throughout ^Northern Wisconsin are suffering, bridges are reported to been burned and tho Jogging railroad of the Ashland Lumber company, together with two .pngines The progress of the flre has not been retarded aud it swept away $je buildings of Camp 1 belonging to the same company late in the after- b* Tfrotaen attfl ehil- iflfefi in the woods ftnd fire all aronnd ihetti some JBttst perisn surely. The tannery and irtimehse lumbering concern at Phillips are among the rtiins, so that the loss will be appalling. The Omaha freight, tram destroyed near Shores Crossing Was loaded With wheat The fire came upon Shores Crossing with terrible rapidity and many residents there lost everything they possessed. Not a structure of any kind remains stand' ing there. A dozen bridges on the Omaha lino hate been burned and railroad men say it Wilt take two weeUs to rebuild the one destroyed at Mason. At 10 o'clock a welcome rain began, failing, the first one in some days, but Unfortunately lusted only a few minutes, so that it will not put out the fires to any extent .Mason is literally wiped out of existence. The flre started in the; lumber yard of the White River Lumber company from Sparks from the forest fires and though the 400 employes worked nobly in-defense of their homes the resistless flames swept through the town. SEVJEKAI> TOWNS WIPED OUT. Flames Sweep Down from Forests and CoDNinne Tlit'in. MII.WAITRKK, Wis., July 39.—Reports from various points in the northern part of Wisconsin, along the Wisconsin Central, the Green Bay, Winona and St Paul, the Chicngo. Milwaukee and St. Paul, and the Omaha and Soo lines show that much of the territory, which is covered by timber, is in a highly inflammable condition if not already burning. There has been no rain of any consequence in Price county and in the territory surrounding it for several weeks, and numerous blazes have got beyond the control of the settlers and railroad em- ployes. Several bridges over the Soo line near Prentice have already been burned and a number of settlers rendered homeless by the flames they were powrrless to stay. Much valuable property'has been destroyed in the vicinity of Grand Rapids and Centralia and the people there are hoping for rain, whicli they believe is the only tiling- that will prevent further serious loss. GKAND RAPTDS. Wis., July 30.—Extensive fires are running in the woods and marshes north and west of .here. The flre is very near the city of Cen- traiia. Great volumes of smoke are rising on a heavy wind. Thermometers indicated as hiirh as 1015 degrees in the shade yesterday. 13 UK NED TO UK ITII ON 1'KAIKIES. Uno Man Loses Ilia Life Near I'lorro, K II.—II«-avy Lous Entailed. 'IKRHE, S D., July 30.—Lightning struck the prairie a few miles above tke city yesterday, causing a terrible fire, whicli \vas aided by high wii d. One man and several horses were burned to death. Several hay camps and thousands of tons of hay were entirely destroyed. CIIAMHEIU.AIN, S. D., July HO.—Adls-- I astrous blaze started last night near i Lower Brule Agency, S. D., burning over l.OOo acres and destroying .valuable hay-stacks. It is still burning, headed toward Rosebud agency. WA'iKiti.oo, Iowa, July 30.—A prairie firu started by a spark from a Chicago Great \\ estern engine swept over the farm of W. A. Wilson, near this city, yesterday. Nine farm buildings, including a fine residence, Were do- stroyed. Loss about $3,000; partly insured. HUNTING-TON, Ind., July 28—Prairie fires are raging fiercely between this city and Fort Wayne. Fpr two or three days they have been burning over several thousand acres of wheat, oats and hay fields, and stubble fields. Whole families in that section were out fighting the fire, FAKM AMERICAN PAMMER3. Scientific ftfethod* of MnnnRlrifc the Alonerit lkafm unit tiiirdch—Llvit Stock, Faultry, Hairy, Apiary fturt Orchard. J p arinpra Surioundxd by Flumes, MISDFOBD, Wis,, July 30—Powells Mills, eight miles west of here, sent word early this morning asking for assistance on account of forest fires. The hand engine was <Mspatched at once with teams and 100 men went to the rescue and arrived noon too soon to save the mill. Live stock is dving by the side of tho road and is being burned to a crisp. Great fears are en- te'rtained for a dozen farmers who live dortheast of Powells Mills, whose one road or exit is surrounded by fire. Word has been received here that six families between Chelsea and Rib Lake were burned out. '|0 THIS Wiw trvm VJjUlIp* Sweops Northward— Wfmy 1<Ive» Threatened- iB^SPt Wis,, July 30—Up to 11 ck Jagt night -fl° further reports .^een received frojn Fifield, as jhie coxnjnuuJcatipn has been gut offt It is thought here ! flre whigh, gwept Phillips li$3 Fjfiejd and destroyed that 14 $v&i$n, telegraphed » prominent tq the njayor at oflce; Iowa Town Hai a 830,000 Fire. KEOKUK, Iowa, July 30 — The business portion of Uonaparte, Iowa, twenty miles from here, was destroyed by fire last night, entailing aloss that will not be less than $30,000. Nine buildings were destroyed, including the Upnaparte bank, McDonald & Meelcs' dry goods store, and the opera house, a two-story frame, TAMPA, Fla., July aO. — Fire yesterday afternoon broke out in J. II. Dorsey's woodworking establishment and destroyed thousands of feet of lumber and valuable machinery. Loss, $100,000, V-Mu at JDulutli. DULUTH, Minn-. July 3". — A heavy rain is falling in Duluth and in all the surrounding country. The rain is the first for weeks. It has already put out in a great measure the forest fires about Duluth, and will have its effect on the Mesftba r»nge and to tliq west. A continuous rain, of a day oV two will bo worth thousfmdti of dollars tp lum- JT LJSA, JJinn., July 80,—W, 0. a brukeinau, fatully shot his wife and attempted tp corajjiit suicide is, new SJ» j|»il. 'Jfh? bjr " Tnooroiilth, Readers of the farmers' Review are doubtless aware that experiments are being made the World over with tuberculin as an agent fci the de'tec- lion of even dormant tuberculosis. They, too, have learned that hundreds of cattle havo been destroyed In the east as a result of the findings of this new method of diagnosis. Tuberculin is injected hjpodermically and causes a rise in temperature When, say the experimenters, tuberculosis is present in the animal, no matter whether the cl if ease bo virulent or passive. A heated discussion has arisen over this matter, for one side claims that where almost any lesion is present 'in the cow's body the injection of tuberculin—or other agents for that inatter-r- will cause a rise in temperature. Rehultshave shown.as published in the columns of the FAUMKBS HKVIBW that the work with tuberculin has given wonderfully correct and even astonishing results in sime cases of tuberculosis that could not be diag- nobed by peicustion and auscultation by qualified veterinarians; but on the contrary it has, if we have read aright, condemned healthy beasts unjustly while there is u suspicion in the minds of some that wLere a rise in temperature Lad resulted from the injection of tuberculin simple post mortem lesions were pronounced tuberculous for convenience sake' If it f-.hould prove that tuberculin is a fcafe, never failing detective agent in the diagnosis of tuburoulosis it must Certified -ieit» of Dairy COW*. The Illinois agricultural experiment fitfttiott announces In bulletin No. 33 just published that it will supervise tests of dairy herds and, in exceptional cases, of individual cows owned or exhibited in illinois, under the following condition's: The nutabefof tests so feuper- vifed, and the times at which they shall be made, wilt be determined by the practicability of sending an authorized representative for the purpose without serious interference with other work of the station, but it is expected that there can bo prompt compliance with all requests. Preference will be given to tests of pure bred herds or cows kept for the tearing of dairy stock, and to tests continuing for seven days. The station through its representative shall receive full information as to breeding, age, tiins of calving, date When bred, and treament of the COWB prior to tho test; also have full opportunity to determine the quantity and kinds of food used, and the methods of feeding and treatment during the tests, with privilege of taking samples of food for inspection or analysis, as well as the quantity and quality of the milk and butter product. The results of the tests,duly certified by the station, will be furnished as soon as determined to 1ha owners of the cows, or to the associations under whose auspices tne tests are made. The station shall have the right to make publication of the results obtained, but no publication will be made without the consent of owners or associations until the completion of any public competition in which cows have been entered. The expenses of the representative of the f-tation in going to and returning from the tests, as wellas his maintenance during the tests.shall be paid by the owners c'f tho cow.s or the association aiithoi izing the tests. it«*f from TnocrcniAr trtttie.- . We find the following in the Dairy World, London, which that paper has translated from some German contemporary: Owing to the present spreading of the tubercular disease il is of much importance to the fjrmer to know what the hygiene has to say as to the Use of beef from tubercular animals, and what the means are which will in soine measure lessen the pecuniary losses he has to sustain. Already, when discovering the real nature of the disease and its contagiousness, steps have been token to lessen the danger by destrojing and burning down the carcasses. At ail the veterinary *nd medical congresses the opinion has always been expressed that the flesh from tubercuJar animals, whatever may be its condition, was unfit for human use, and Prof. Ko^h has tried to • prove bv numerous experiments that such was the caee. Lately, however, it has been found that it is necessary to modify these r'gid conclusions, and several ecient- ista hfcve expressed the opinion that not all fltsli is detrimental to the health, but that it depends entirely on the nature of the changes themselves. Thus t}ie beef in which tubercles show sign of calcination may he considered rather harmless, but if having a cheese- like appearance highly contagious. In this case it, is indispensable that the beef sold be carefully controlled. A country where hy geian matters receive most attention is undisputably Germany; this state has now instituted nuw regulations re the sale of beef which somewhat modify the previous existing ones. According to these a detrimental effect is as a rule only to be anticipated if knots of tubercles are contained in the flesh, or tho animal very much fallen off without any such colonies being visible to the naked eye. If the animal is in fair condition and the tiibercles have only nflfected one or several organs in the same BUFFALO— FROM FARMERS' REVIEW. be considered one of the most important discoveries of recent years in the annals' of veteiir ary history.but on the contrary it is evidentthat the greatest possible care must be taken to conclusively prove the efficacy of txxberculin before making .it the judge authorized to condemn to death dairy cows in wholesale numbers under state laws. We submit that the study of tubercul osis, its etiology, its symptoras.its post mortem lesions, every possible phase and stage of development, is of as great importance as the study of tuberculin aud its effects. There is great danger in adopting this most interest ing "new discovery" as a means of diagnosing tuberculosis, if it be true that other diseases of the lungs and pluera.of the spleen and liver, on the exhibition of tuberculin, produce a rise of temperature as great as that when tubercxxlosis is present. The study of tuberculosis is ueeessary, because should different states authorize the condemning of cattle showing a, reaction to tuberculin the agent will be put in the hands of hundreds of practitioners who know little or nothing regarding the post mortem lesions of tuberculosis. We apprehend that a few savauts can not settle this matter for the whole community; that a few experiments showing successful diagnosis of tuberculosis through the medium of tuberculin • should not be accepted as so conclusive that tuberculin experiments in the hands of non-professional inspectors or even young veterinarians may be safely considered equally trustworthy and final as to the, health or disease, life or death of the dairy cow. This evidently is a matter for the government to take up and settle after careful work in each state possessing an experiment station. It is work that the farmer should not pay for; work that the government should xindertako in an honest, thorough mariner to be reported upon candklJy and in an unbiased manner. Then and not tiU'then should any man be made to abide by the results of tuberculin injected into the veins of his cows, mayhap at tho behest of some enemy or business rival. There ia top, another ppint of importance, via. that the government sbpuld supply tuberculin at cost, with instructions fpr U6« to every qualified, veterinarian throughout the country who will en* gage, to test it to, the bast of his ability and report results. TJie entile prp- fesgion, should be Able to experiment if they 60 desire, »nd mapy » yeterin,a.T v}anwpuJ4be »P4 J»y tgv ejects |qr' ppsj Host Kecoi'dK in Egff Production. We believe that the main-stay of the poultry business is egg production,and that there ia more money in it for the egg-producer thau for the producer of : dressed poultry. The egg is without dispute a more perfect food than the flesh, in the same way that milk is a more perfect food thau beef. Eggs are in every way more marketable, as they are used in such innumerable ways, and in all kinds of cooking. This demand will increase from year to year, and there is little danger of the supply exceeding the demand in this generation, at least, The production of eggs needs to be stimulated, and we know of no better way of doing it than recording the experiences of others. Such records have a great value. They set a standard of attainment, as it were, that is sure to be used by others, for one naturally reasons that what one person has done others may do. We want to hear from poultry raisers everywhere as to the best records their hens have ever made, but we want figures and particulars. In replying give the breed, number of hens, season and duration of the laying period reported, kind of food, whether hens were in pens or running free, and any other items that may have had an influence on the egg production. Let us have many replies, for in a multitude of counselors there is wisdom. A Mlasoui-l llulletiu. BULLETIN 20, of the Missouri experiment station summarizes the re- bults of some of their experiments as follows: 1. AH crops demand soluble plant food in proper amoxxnts. 3. The plant food most deficient in our soils is potash, phosphoric acid and nitrogen. All plants readily.respond to applications pf potash and phosphoric acid, and all but the leguminous plants to pf nitrogen- 4. Tne leguminous plants are able to gather and appropriate nitrogen In abundance from the air. 5, Large crops mean the buying of potash »nd soluble phosphoric field fertilisers, and, unless % proper rotation }s adopted, tn»t of nitrates or otfler mtrogewoviB manures, 0. JPotas,U salts may be applied eitUer in fall or in spring, soluble phosphoric and nitrates in spring pnly, 7, For deep rooting plants the two fprtn» er should, fee deeply plovye4 under, and soil receive a top dressing in Addition,. 8. JJeneflcl^l results follow the application pf Unie »n4 tfeat of te- djrect fertilisers, such, »s salt- 9. A different W 4er djf|er. cavity, the flesh may be considered fit for human food. It is very rare that tne muscles are affected,' and if tubercles, therefore, are not present in the very flesh it may not be considered to be of an infeiior quality, and the sale, therefore, need not be placed under special control. From a national economical point of view it is to bi- desired that such beef, which has a higher value than that from animals highly fallen off, may be allowed' to be sold without restrictions; in doubtful cases the opinion of a veterinary surgeon-must be resorted to. This ordinance has been favorably greeted in Germany, though Prof. Koch still adhenes to his previous opinion that the consumption of the infected beef involves a certain danger. In 'several places, therefore, where the control is very sharp, special stands have been opened where beef less fit for human food is sold, and where the buyer knows his risk and is informed of the precautions he has to take. In Berlin a steam boiling apparatus has been erected in connection with the public slaughter house, where all suspected beef is boiled so long as'to kill the contagious matter. Ag;ed nnd Worn Out HOI-SOB. Aged and decrepit horses have considerable value in some localities in the east, though, of course, those who utilize them do not pay much for them. About $3 is the usual price, says the New York Sun. At Belvidere, N. J,, there is an establishment that converts the played out animals, about three a day, into fertilizing material that is sold to the farmers at from $20 to $35 per ton. After the horse is killed the hide is first removed and sold to the leather manufacturer at more than the animal cost. The carcass is then boiled if it contains any fat- The grease is called "horse oil." The bones of the lower limbs are boiled and the fat extracted from them is called "neftts foot oil." When the flesh of the carcass h»s been thoroughly boiled and the grease skimmed off the surface of the vat, it is thrown into the cellar and 'allowed to remain there over three months, all the time being subjected to the influence of potftsh and gypsum, which are wised with it and rot it. At times there are the remains of 800 horses in the heap. The bpnes pass through twp crushers, the first pf which reduces them »«d the seQond, grinde them to ppwder. Several chemical ingredients are then mixed with the hone cjust. This preparation, is what is coininonly k»pwn as fcone fertilizer, and i§ perhaps the heat artificial co«mjo,dHy used in agriculture. JJnnes of ajny anjiujal are C^ttlp a,re used, cgw, Tp«ffJ> b e «f The AyrshifA Jifecfters' assoefatfim believes thfi success of the breed irt th» future demands a cow that shall bft not only a large milker and' tta economical producer, but shall have th& ability to produce a large per centage of butter fat and total solids. Therefore, to encourage the testing of Ayrshire cows and to influence its selection for breeding for butter qualities, the assoc'ation offer's $30 in premiums, divided as follows: $25 for the first, $I5 for the second aud SlO for the third. These premiums shall bs awarded to herds of ten cows producing the largest average record for two consecutive days, as determined by the fcale of points herein mentioned. It 3s not necrssary for this test that cowa, bhould be fresh in milk. No premium will be pa'd to a herd testing less than thirteen per cent total solids. Competent agents will make the tests at the farms of the competitors. Arrangements have been made with experiment stations to perform the work in. their several states where the competing herds may be located, and send the result in duplicate to C. M. U'inslow and the competitors. The agent will visit tho farm of each competitor at a mutually convenient time, as soon as possible after the entries close, lie will see the cows milked clean at least twelve hours previous to the beginning of the test, and will weigh and test the milk of each cow at each milking during the two days of the test. The tests shall be made by the ' Babcock tester' 1 and the "Quevenne lactometer." All entries must be made before July 1, 1804, to the secretary. Any breeder of Ayr- shires may enter a herd of ten cows, which shall at the time of entry, stand on the books of tho association as- owned by him. lie shnll in making- the entry, fill out a blank furnished by the secret iry, giving name and number of eacli cow, her age and weight, the number of calves she has produced, the date of birth of last calf, and date of last service hy bull since -^t calf was dropped. A statement as accurate as p issible is requeuted of the method of feeding and care for at least two weeks previous to test, and during the test the kind and weight of food c msumed by the cows will .be ascertained and recorded liUotur Mar-Jcot Some of tiio Cnicago Butter dealers. have announced their intention of breaking away from the Elgin market and establishing quotations of their own They recently heLl a meeting at which the following classification 'of butter was estabiisht d. We publish it for the information of our readers that .hip butter to Ch'cago. Extras — Sh ill consist of tho highest grade of butter pro.luced during the season when made. Flavor— Must be quick, fine, fresh, and clean if of fresh make, and good, sweet, and clean if held. Body — Must be firm and solid with a perfect grain or texture, free from salviness. Color — Must be uniform, neither too- Light nor too high. Salt — Well dissolved, thoroughly worked in, not too hi^h nor too light salted. Package— Good and sound as required in classification. Firsts — Shall be a grade just below extras, lacking soni what in flavor, which, however, must be good, bweet and clean. All other requirements being the pame as in extras, except style of package. Seconds— Shall consist of a grade just bslow firsts. Flavor — Must be fairly good and sweet. Body — 'Must be sound and smooth. boring. Color— Fairly good, although it may be somewhit irregular. Salt— IMay be irregular, higher light salted. Package— Same as required in firsts. Thirds— Shall consist of butter below seconds, defective in flavor, showing strong tops or sides, not smooth boring, mixed or streaked in color, irregular salting and miscellaneous packages. Grease butter— Shall consist of all grades of poor and rancid stock below thirds. Packages to be used — Creamery-r- Tubs, hardwood 55 to 00 pounds. (For extras shall be standard five-hoop, white ash, 56 pound tubs.) Imitation creamery— Tubs 30^ to 60 pounds. Dairy— Tubs of varying sizes. Ladles — Tubs of varying sizes. Packing .stock— Any sty le or s,ize ot package. Roll — Any style or size of package- Grease — Any style or size of package. — Farmers' Review. _ Mulling an AN|>nnt)-u» Bod. Of all the crops for the market garden, especially if conveniently situated to a large city, asparagus is one of the most satisfactory, because it is easy to cultivate, easy to gather and easy to sell. The land should be heavily ma* nured and worked up to a depth of at least ten inches, says Canadian Horti' culturist. Trenches are then opened up to a dep'h of nine inches with. » plow. The plants should be set about three inches apart in these trenches, and enough ejjrib packed about the. voots to cover them well, and tho harrow will complete the job, throwing in a little additional earth upon then* as it is drivvn lengthwise over the rows. This work nuy be done ia the f41 or spring, At the end, of the season the trenches will be partially cov* ered in aud during the next year may be cultivated fcvel, leaving the roots eight or nine indies below the surface of the ground. Every spring the whole surface should receive thorough cultivation with ftie plow and harrow, and bo well manured, Mr. Qarfleldpf Michigan, who Iws ha.d eminent swc- ee&s in growing asparagus, states that h(J applies stable manure and salt aJterwte years, the former at the rate' el UwtHva tJ?B8 pe?
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