The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on July 4, 1894 · Page 2
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 2

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, July 4, 1894
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tmnuit tHAt Ss.uo MEN Aftfe OUT. MOIHIBJ IOWA, . *rtrLY 4 -1 Atotife 18,000 Aft ln*6i»ed S.mim «f R«H- Hampered—Tied tip In Call* av M' CmcAoo, June 30.—la prosecution of the boycott atr&inst Pullman cars the American Railway tJnion yestcf' day declared strikes on the Chicago & Alton, the Chicago & Eastern Illinoisi the fcet.t Line in Chicago, the Union Pacific and the Denver & Rio Grande railroads in addition to those already existing; The number of men now out on strike on roads whose entire systems are involved was roughly estimated by the general officers of the union at 85,500, divided as follows: Illinois Central......... ...20.000 Chicago & Alton 10,000 Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe .15,000 Chicago & Eastern Illinol" 2,500 Northern Pacific 15,000 Southern Pacific 15,000 Denver & lUo Grande 8,000 Total 85,fiOO Every railroad entering Chicago •which vises Pullman cars suffered more or less inconvenience yesterday as a result of the extension of the operations of the union. The strike has extended far beyond the ranks of the switchmen and shopman, as engineers, firemen, conductors, brakemen, baggagemen and freight handlers are now taking an active part in the struggle. The Union depot and the Northwestern station, heretofore free from difficulty, were tied up during a portion of the day and trains de' parted with irregularity. The tie up of the Illinois Central and of the roads entering the Graud Central station continued throughout the day and the Dearborn station, with all the railways departing therefrom, was in volved in troubles so serious that several trains 071 those roads were delayed temporarily. The employes of the Union Stock Yards and Transit company have voted to leave their work. The switchmen on the Pittsburg, Fort Wayne & Chicago quit ac i>:30 last night and many others arranged to go out at irregular intervals throughout to-day, beginning just after midnight The men living in Chicago who have ' left their, work or are under orders to do so were computed broadly thus: Union terminal station ... 400 Fittsbnrg, Port Wayne & Chicago.... !300 Pittsburg-, Chicago & St. Louis 600 ' Chi9<igo& Alton. 400 Grand Central station 500 ' Wisconsin Central 200 Chicago & Great V\ estern 153 Northern Pacific 500 Baltimore & Ohio 000, Chicago & Western Indiana 800 The Belt Line. 200 Chicago & Eastern Illinois 300 Atchistn, Topeka & Banta Fe 1,600 Chicago & Erie 800 Chicago & Grand Trunk 200 Louisville, New Albany & Chicago.. 500 Chicago & North western 2,000 Illinois Central 2^00 Union Stock Yards and Transit,.. '.'. 'sOO mi arg htt% ttp ift tie east &id aontfi yards. ThS police department sent a patrol Wagon with ewelve officers to the south yards to preserve order. CAIHO, lit, June 30. —There are font- mail trains and two passenger trains, all on the Illinois Central, hung np here, besides ninety Cars of bananas and eleven cars of tomatoes on the track between here; and Mounds. Effortfe were made to take out an Illinois Central inail train at ft p. m., but a Pullman coach was attached next to the mail train and the strikers tin- coupled it As a rule the men are quiet but determined. United States Marshal Briton has applied to Judge Allen for authority to move the train. TO CIUAllD THE SANTA FE. to pass. Tha MefieftL railroad, torn pan? ias srffeM to Pfifl life Pulinmtt Cai-6 held back to Chic%*' MoBtts, Ala, June 3o.-—The Mobile & Ohio railroad authorities received information of & strike of thfilr switchmen at Cairo along with the, Illinois Central men itt sympathy with the Pullman strikers. .The Mobile & Ohio will discontinue hauling the Pullman cars until the matter is settled. They say they can not jeopardize their freight business to help Pullman. Witt NOT «ANt)t,E Marshal Tfeely netting Together a force in RHriHfts—Tie Up Is Complete. TOPKKA, Kan., June SO.—Everything west of here on the Santa Fe is tied up and nothing is allowed to pass the division points except local passenger trains which carry no Pullmans. The men seem to be acting under such advice as prevents them from interfering with any mail train which has no Pullman attached. The American Railway Union is stronger on the Santa Fe than any other system in Kansas. United States 1 Marshal Necly is swearing in deputies anticipating orders from Judge Caldweil to protect the property of the Santa Fe and secure the regular running of all trains. It is the plan of the receivers to make application to all the Federal judges who have jurisdiction along 1 the line of the road for an order similar to the one signed by Judge Foster which, if granted, will place the road actually in the control of the United States courts. E.MPOKIA, Kan., June 30 — The strikers here on the Santa Fe are extremely quiet and also extremely confident. To-day, it is claimed the entire line will be tied up. Puism.o, Colo., June 30.—Pullmans were uncoupled from trains here. The sheriff was appealed to, but had not men to watch the unionists and prevent them cutting off the Pullmans The Atchison will apply to the United States marshal. The Rio Grande and other roads will probably take the same course. LA JUNTA, Colo., June .10.— The local members of the A. 11. U have voted to go on strike and remain out until all employes on the Santa Fe, discharged for refusing to handle Pullman cars, are reinstated. ST. JOSEPH, Mo.. June 50.—Nothing new has developed here in the strike situation. The Pullman cars wei-enot molested last night, and the men manifested no disposition to interfere with them. 1'jKA-VENwoimi, Kan., June ;iO. —All trains in and out of here last night pulled Pullmans as usual. Bochln* Valley Men lieftuie to Sign ah Agreement. Tor.Bdo, Ohio, June ,10,— flocking Valley railway employes yesterday presented a, new scale to President Waite which restores wages as before the 10 per cent reduction last January With additional conditions. President Waite asked for time. The committee granted until noon to-day, and if the scale is not then accepted a general strike will follow. Mr. Waite Wanted an agreement inserted to carry Pullman cars, but the committee refused. Pirrsimno, Pa., June 30 — Men are being hired by the Fort Wayne company to go to Chicago. Panhandle trains will be run over the Fort Wayne route to-night. DKTJIOIT, Mich., June Ho. — The night trains on the Grand Trunk and other roads using Pullman, coaches pulled out without a sign of molestation. CI,KVKLANI>, Ohio, June 20. — The Pullman boycott has not a particle of effect in this city. MRMPHIH, Ten n., June 30.— There is no interruption to railroad traffic here on account of the Pullman strike. , LOUISVIT.LK, Ky., June 30.— The boy cott against the Pullman Car company has not as yet affected any of the roads running out of Louisville. NEW OHLKANS, La., June :iO. — The Pullman strike has had no .effect in this city. All trains moving as usual The railroad officials do not anticipate any trouble whatever. Wheat Supply and Uemftnd. Ill former days,' before, the ftdv6nl df railroads, the local price of wheat depended ott the local demand; with plethoric harvests it was very low, with a poor crdp it was high, sa J. R. Dodge, in one case there were few buyers, in the other few sellers, as there was "ndsurplus to sell A record of "farm prices of two centuries," in the Wyoming valley of Pennsylvania, illustrates the situation elsewhere. In seasons of usual abundance a common price was eo to oV dents, in times of scarcity 87 cents to $1 per bushel was charged, and in the frosty year, 1810, the price went to 83 per bushel In the west, before the days of railroads, wheat Was often sold as low as 37 cents in abundant seasons, and .at two or three times ;hat price in the same localities when the local supply was insufficient. The extension of railroad mileage has been an equalizer of prices. In the same way the world's wheat (Jtlmtilatiott, to prove that tliete ,is no Iftck df breadstuffs. Not that there Js everywhere a large accumulation. It is not necessary. With free and lull international communication and national harvests of summed and fall and winter Overlapping, supplies are equalized; and while there is enough insight for current wants no btiye* cares for threats of impending deficiency; he deems it ample time to raise the price When visible supply begins to fail "Sufficient to the day is the evil thereof" is his tnottb. If the price is to go up, so much the more need of getting bargains now, he thinks. This unprecedented cheapness will cure itself, it will reduce area, and, if low yield should also deplete production in any considerable part of the international breadth, prices must advance, and if wars should intervene, making it necessary to accumulate and use extra supplies, the movement of values would be accelerated. Our wheat growers, however, are too humane to wish to fatten on human, misery, or live by the death of others. Primitive and exclusive wheat culture has been pushed westward beyond the tho,tarbtrone methods ffl. tfte else-, where, bt pounding cattle 6n th& he&d with a sledge or swinging them njj alive fcjr a hind leg to'bellow and struggle until they bleed to death.** Farmers' Review. Fat-mine, To-day and To-morrotv. The truth is, & new order of things is dawning upon us. All professions are touched by it, including the profession of farming; new conditions demand new adaptations, and to argue the maintenance at ally price of the former supremacy of the pioneers, the suppression by organizations of all younger competitors and the recovery by force if necessary, of what has been lost, is shortsighted and destructive of' self. The World is a hti^e machine,'. whose wheels move slowly, yet with irresistible force; he who professes not to see or attempts to oppose its onward aarch is simply crushed. Nature knows no pity, neither does she respect age or guilelessness; relentless in the execution of her laws, she stamps .gnorance of .them as a crime and punishes with extinction those that refuse' ;o learn of their existence; better, therefore, far to understand these ST. PAUL OIVKS IN. Total..;:.......:,;, l2,f.5U Several of the directors of the American Railway Union gave it as their opinion that the men already involved, or to be involved by the developments - of to-day, would exceed 3d, 000 in Chicago and 100,000 throughout the country outside. Active mea.sures were taken yesterday to take out the men in St. Louis, and similar developments are looked for in Omaha and Denver at an curly day. Mail trains entered and left Chicago with a near. approach to regularity and no Pullman car was hindered. But the freight service of many roads , was seriously endangered, many refusing to take any more perishable merchandise for shipment The Northwestern and Illinois Central railways delivered all perishable goods, the officials in many cases acting as switch crews to aid in this ,' work The work of organization, is proceeding with great rapidity in Chies-go, twenty organizers being in the field. More that 1,000 men, many of th'cm members of the old brotherhoods, joined the American Railway Union yesterday. The leaders of the strike expect today to get out the shopmen of the , Northwestern, the switchmen in all ;., tb.e JiurJingu>n yard's and the men <-J working for the Union Stock Yards -.,, apd Transit company as a whole. ,-. ^ The jr>,000 Knights of Labor em- ''" ployed in the'btock yards pluced their '• 'services entirely at the disposal of r ' President Pebs yesterday morning ',}. "»nd will aid in the Pullman boycott * as faj? as possible. ,; President Debs will have a light on hie hands to-day. Uncle Sam, through }/ Judge Cald well of the United States •«;- r 'Circuit court, last night told him to '',: -, ke,e.j> "hands oJf" the Santa Fe railroad & -4»a Attorney CSemjra} Olney wired in. f |teHctions, to at once proceed against iV'rJjpaiyiilWftls interfering with mail ;<1jvjb»}np, TheGeperal Managers' »s&o- tljafthey ea& get *vip'tHe"fight. but they slPwly. The officials announce to the e»d. TOPEKA DIVISION MBST «O OUT. Twelve Hundred of Thorn Near Kaueus City Quit Work. KANSAS Cur, Mo., June 30.—All the men on the Topeka division of the Santa, Fe system have been ordered out. This action is the result of a meeting of the A. R. U. held at Argentine. AH branches of employes, from the trackwalkers to the engineers, are represented. Twelve hundred men are affected. It is claimed by the men that a majority of the employes belong to the union and that the tie- up will be most complete. The switchmen, who number fifty-five at and near Argentine, agreed to surrender their charter and join the A. R. U. ST. Louis, Mo., June ,iO.—No trains have been interfered with here and all •left on time last night Sixty of the switchmen employed by Missouri Pa-, ciflc walked out, demanding that they be not required to bundle Pullman's cars. General Manager Ramses'stated, after receiving the switchmen's notification, that any men refusing to handle u Pullman car would be discharged and new men put in their places. Late at night a meeting of the Missouri Pacific switchmen was held, at which it was decided to stand by the night switchmen and go out. This will result in the complete tie-up of that road here, SAL,I LAKK, Utah, June ;10.—The Pullman cars on the Rio Grande Western and Union Pacific went out as usual yesterday, The boycott has had no effect in this Territory. fc'ays u Settlement Is Deiiiiincled, SAX FjtANCiEoo, Cal., June 'JO.—It is said Manager Towne of the Southern Pacific has sent a dispatch to Mr. Pullman which will be the cause of a set- tlernent of the trouble within twenty- four hours. Information is that Mr. Towne's telegram to Pullman was to ,tho effectual if the present trouble was not settled within a specified time the railroad company would conbider the contract void and take steps to supply tho necessary service itself. SIde-TrnekB KB Nino J'ullinan Sleepers —Union Men Are Jubilant. CHICAGO, June 0.—Every Pullman car on the line of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul railroad was sidetracked by the management of the road yesterday, and President Debs of the American Railway Union marked down victory No. 1. This road has but nine Pullmans, two of which it owns and seven of which it has a half interest in. Soon after the Chicago, Milwaukee & St Paul had given in, a report was received at headquarters from St. Louis that the Mobile & Ohio railroad had given in and would sidetrack its Pullman cars. A decision which in its bearings is of the greatest importance was arrived at by the American Railway Union yesterday. It was that as the General Managers' association as an organization had voted to fig-ht the boycott it must, as an association, accede to the demands made by the strikers. This means that all the roads must give in at once, for the association will not permit one road to surrender at a time. Northern Pacific Can Not Move. MIMVAUKKK, Wis., June 30.—Receiver Payne of the Northern Pacific road said not a wheel is turning on that great system and no trains will be moved until the present Pullman boycott is settled. When asked what effect in his opinion Judge Jenkins 1 order could have Mr. Payne declared it would have no effect whatever. "It never was intended to prevent em- ployes of the road from striking singly or in bodies," Mr. Payne said. '"Tlie only construction placed upon it was that no employes or employers could interfere with the company in the transaction of its business. We do not know at present what legal steps will be taken in the matter, but we do not deny the right of the men to strike if they want to, nor was that right ever denied." ON THIS RUAl), Cut from JHogun J» -J'oJU to Mull INPJANAPOMS, Ind,, Jum> 30.— The officials of the Motion applied to Judge RftUer of the Federal court here for relief against the Pullman boycott, which had i»terfqr$d with cars »t jea^in'g Jjjat th,e traltf tlw;Un,jfc«l &tatf?s wajj. Judge tpW them if £lje company would PpUmag we on the mail jfc tkepg would foe BO need to t}je »0J,er $ a ftpur^ as tile trains ' on Tie-Up »t r,os A n teles Complete. Los ANOBLUS, Cal., Juno ;jO.—The railroad tie-lip is complete, Both Southern Pacific and Santa Fe yards are jammed full of abandoned trains. In the Santa Fe yards the men refuse even to switch the incoming trains. The Santa Fe men charge a telegraphic message from President Debs formally ordering tho strike was confiscated here last night. The United States district attorney has received telegraphic orders from Gen. Olney to take necessary steps to coin- pel the transmission of the mails. Mr. Denny said he would enforce the law, which applied as much to railroad companies as to employes. The United States marshal has sworn in a number of deputies to carry out the attorney-general's orders, All through California the tiemp is complete. TUBS "SWISS" METHOD OF SLAUGHTERING CATTLE-FROM THE FARMERS' REVIEW. WUcouslu Central Truing tf u | ( |, Ciiu'i'EWA FAIJ,H, Wis., Juno 3!>.— .When tbo pa&songer train on the Wisconsin Centra} due here at S:20o'olpck reached Irving, a pjile north, and the end of the 81;, Paul division, twin men abandoned the cars unless the Pullman sleepers were detached, A non-unjon crew was -hired and the train pulled out at ej .o'clock. '. MIMVAUKKJC, Wis., June 3>).— Wisconsin Central passenger tied up a| Stevens l J 0int because, remefl refused to. ea,rs, • ' , values have been equalized. The surplus of India was formerly .placed in pits to equalize somewhat the wide fluctuations of "bumper" crops and those of famine years, but scarcely any was exported. In Russia the 1»cal surplus was heaped up, but could not be distributed for want of railroads, and was used freely, sometimes in place of other grain, or became damaged and was fed to cattle. Within twenty years railway and steamship communication has been so extended and cheapened that the hidden surplus of old lands has been brought out and distributed, giving the impression of an immense enlargement of area, when n some countries there was little of such extension, in others the stimulus of outside demand 1 had somewhat .iroadened the fields, and in others better prices had induced greater care and better culture and larger yields. So the great markets were able to teep up good stocks, the elevators were filled, the people fed at a lower price, and few appeared to know where so much grain came from. The wheat ffower of Dakota is in .jornpetition with he ryot of India, the ex-serf of Russia, ' he Italian immigrant of tae Argen- ine Republic, and these cheap porn- petitors all have inexpensive water ominunication with European mar- cets. They have not hitherto been permitted to send their grain to this :ountry, but our wheat growers volun- arily elect to produce a surplus and hen of their own free will ship it to ivei'pool and offer it at the same price hat the Russian or Indian grower will urnish it, and by the enormous quan- ity sent Actually force down the price f foreign wheat to a still lower level. .'he worst of it is this very procedure educes, usually to this same level, d.11 our home consumption, a quantity our times as great. Ordinarily foreign markets will take a large quantity without reducing prices to u, low level, but any excess so reduces value that it is virtually thrown away, and the aggregate value of a year's production may be actually less than it would be were such excess burned, or sunk in lake or ocean. Why was the price of wheat 90 cents in December of 1803 in Georgia when it was 51 cents in South Dakota? JJe- cause the Georgia ?rowev has a qxtlok market at home and the Dakotan has to take Liverpool prices raimis charges and costs of transportation 5, 000 miles. A small deficiency in Georgia, made up by northwestern wheat, adds the cost of transportation a thousand miles to the price of Georgian home-grown wheat »nd protects the grower. Thus one class of growers has protection and another free trade by their own choice and without the intervention of Jaw. This free competition with the world has reduced the value of English fam lawjs ftnd. rente, by Mississippi, beyond the Red, and destined to go beyond the Missouri to the mountain valleys and the western slopes that descend to the wooded val leys of the Pacific coast. The sooner it goes, and the farther, the better. So long as it continues there will be no direction or wise control of the wheat breadth. *> The incoming of diversified crop ping, having a scientific basis, and conducted systematically and on business principles, and not as a haphazard speculation, will regulate the area of wheat and all other products, reduce the cost of production by increasing the yield, modify the losses from insect depredations and incursions of weeds, and reduce agricultural production to an equilibrium, at the same time increasing materially the margin of profit. There is an infancy in the growth of every industry, and wheat culture has had its mumps and measles, its whooping cough, and should now be ready to cut its eye teeth and enter upon a season of judicious and prosperous activity in the maturity of its development. Then wheat will be worth growing, the country will be well supplied, a moderate surplus will find a remunerative foreign.market, and the yield will be fifteen to twenty, and eventually twenty-five bushels per acre, and a pop illation of a hundred, even two hundred millions will feel no lack of bread within the boundaries of our own nationality.—Farmers' Review. depleted ijfce ^pital o* Ing 1 farmers almost paj@ the result *§ without few IM.USTHATION. — On this page we show tho Swiss method of slaughtering cattle. The arrangement for slaughtering cattle in the city of Basle is so perfect that a brief allusion to it may be pertinent to the object of this report.' On the Rhino bank, below the city, is a large, newly-constructed abattoir, biiilt by the city government and placed under the care of Director Siegmund, an accomplished veterinary surgeon, who inspects all animals before they are allowed to be slaught* ered, and controls all the processes, of preparing the meat for market. Dr. Siegmund has invented and put in use at this establishment perhaps the most pei-fect and merciful instrument yet constructed for killing cattle, It consists of a mask or a plate of iron, which fits the forehead of the animal, and is readily attached by straps which are fastened round the horns. In the center of the mask is fixed a steel gun, 10 inches long and of about , 38 caliber, the breech being outward and provided with a steel needle, which on being struck with a small hammer, explodes the ordinary metallic cartridge with which it is loaded, The barrel is fixed at sucn aw to the interior ^rfeaa of the that the bullet pierces th<3 center of the. <£rain and, is baried in the spinal producing instantaneous try chan- our- new conditions than to to keep life in its old nels: wiser to adapt selves to them than to step aside and out of the current.- This means that the farmer must think and plan and, act for himself. Science reveals to him' the principles on which he must build;. but their wise and correct application' to the ends in view rests with himself and can not be delegated to another.' Even granting for the sake of argu-' ment that it could be done, and, that thereby all crops could be increased to one-half as much more as they are at present, it would affect, of course, .all farmers, here as in Europe, in Egypt as in India; the formula revealed would produce the same results. Prices, by reason of over production, would simply go down, and the purchasing power of the crops sold would be just what it is now; no material or visible change would mark the condition of our free farmer. Intelligence divides individuals as well as nations, and is the lever by which man may lift himself to a higher level. — Farmers' Review, DAIKY FAHMS.— Dairy farms are always popular, and yet we often hear the remark that they 4o not pay. It is generally to be found in these cases that this is the result of want of experience or judgment, bad management, treatment, or adverse conditions or surroundings, which sap the income and lea,ve nothing but loss and vexation. The exceptions are usually found .n well-established dairies, which, are conducted under able management, with an exact and careful system of ;he outlay and probable return, and uided by the best opinions and the more modern methods of practice, and means or appliances for making the most of the situation at one's command. In order to meat with a sue- essful venture there is no occasion ;o lay out extravagant sums at start- ng by investment in the more costly and scientific appliances of the day. !t is better to avoid all this, and to 'eel one's way gradually and cautiously, and risk little at the outset.— To PABTKUJHZE CUBAN,— G, B. Law? son, who exhibited at the World's B'air a tub of butter he had evolved from cream that he had pasteurized, writes ;o Hoard's Dairyman relative to this new treatment of cream: "I saw au article in a creamery paper that if cream was heated to 150 degrees it would keep sweet for twenty-four hours. I experimented with one quart, as I was afraid I would spoil .he cream, but 1 found that instead of ipoiling the cream I bad improved it, as I kept that sample of cream fpp 'our days, and it was still sweet. all through the ice cream season year I pasteurized cream every with good results. To creap pr milk it must be So> great pare must be teat the creftpj afcore sa Seating t?'' tyftt . tbe cream its, keening quality •n4 wiU not hurt the taste "of It, b«\ »te4 to m degj-essjt will tore k ooked tftite tmcUpollita fij^o* » * it the •.' I' 1 '.' I40«.pf the pure to tfe JNW SB vUA it kilt ti» SWbs 8*6, ef tbm maeiWx

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