The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on June 30, 1954 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Wednesday, June 30, 1954
Page 1
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—N Y 0. 84 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily News Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY JUNE 80- 1954 SIXTEEN PAGES Published Daily sundaF SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS GOP Offers Income Tax Cut Plan Seek to Block Brooder Demo Reductions WORK CONTINUES ON FACTORY — Preparations for subfloor work were underway this morning at the Elm Street factory of Central Metals Products Co. Foundation wall has been WASHINGTON (AP) — Senate Republicans today decided to offer a general income tax cut plan of their own in an effort to head off a broader reduction amendment sponsored by Senate Democrats. Sen. Millikin (R-Colo) told newsmen the new proposal is to increase personal exemptions for each taxpayer in the lower and middle brackets by $100 a year. That would mean a minimum annual tax Cut of $20 for an individual or $40 for a couple. The exemption boost would not apply to other dependents such as children. The increase in the exemptions would be effective as of tomorrow, July 1. Dividend Relief Halved Another part of the substitute plan would cut in half the effect of the relief provision for dividend income received by stockholders. Millikin gave reporters only a few details of the plan as he hurried to the Senate floor. The proposal was worked out at a closd-door conference of al 48 GOP senators after it became clear that there was substantial fear in the party's senatorial ranks of the political effect of the Democratic proposal. A showdown vote on the Democratic proposal—calling for a S100 boost in the $600 personal income tax exemption—was due sometime during the afternoon. The issue was very much in doubt. Sen. Millikin (R-Colo), chief sig- j nal caller for the legislation, summoned the 48 Republican senators into a closed-door strategy session just half an hour before the Senate was scheduled to meet. Nose Count Due He was expected to count noses then to see if there would be enough GOP defections to put over the Democratic move. The Democratic proposal is being offered as an amendment to the administration's general tax revision bill, a measure described by President Eisenhower as the cornerstone of his 1954 legislative program . The over-all bill provides for $1.477,000.000 in assorted tax benefits for both individuals and cor- porations'in the first year. The administration argues that the bill embodies a balanced tax program as it now stands and that j made, so that we may prove with- £ ,^'V/S 'C*?$l&$!£f$ f >*' completed and machine in right background is working on gravel drive. Factory officials are planning on occupancy in August. (Courier News Photo) Hailed as Victory Over Reds New Regime Calls in Arms; Plans Talks Peaceful Coexistence Hope Of World, Eisenhower Says By DOUGLAS B. CORNELL WASHINGTON (AP) — President Eisenhower said today the hope of the world lies in peaceful coexistence with the Communists, but declared: "I will not be a party to any agreement that makes anybody a slave." In a news conference, the Preisdent^endorsed broadly the concept of a peaceful coexistence — stressed by British Prime Minister Churchill in their talks which closed here yesterday. But Eisenhower said this approach must not mean appeasement, and it must mean that no nation in the world should be subordinated to an outside power. President Says Segregation Decision Reflects 'Maturity' DALLAS UP) — President Eisenhower says the recent Supreme Court ruling outlawing segregation in public schools reflects social and political maturity. The President's statement was contained in a message read yesterday at the opening session of the National Assn. for the Advancement of Colored People convention. "We must have patience without compromise of principle. We must have understanding without disregard for differences of opinion which actually exist." he said. "We must have continued social progress, calmly but persistently regation and are willing to sell their people down the river to save their own skins. Nor are we going to be S3'mpathetic with those flachers who are too lazy to prepare themselves for the larger and more exacting responsibilities of integration." these bounds, the President said, the hope of the world lies in peaceable coexistence. The nations of the world must find ways of living together, he said. Eisenhower's remarks were touched off by questions about his talks with Churchill. One raised the possibility of whether the United States, as a result of the talks, might go along with a partition of the the Treasury cannot stand any further revenue loss at this time. But some Democrats contend most of the benefits would go to i-hfc wealthy and the big corporations. They say a general tax cut should be Written in, both as a matter of fairness and to boost mass purchasing power out doubt to all the world that our nation and our people are truly dedicated to liberty and justice for all." Dr. Charming H. Tobias. NAACP board chairman from New York, told the opening session: "We are not going to stand idly Sen Douglas (D-I11) argued yes- I b -V *' hi]e enemies of the democratic terday that the average taxpay- process m the person of public of- ing family would get only $12 a fl cials whose salaries are paid relief under the bill as ! fr o m fu nds derived from taxes of all the people hold closed-door con- VernonWarr To Jonesboro Bell Manager Is New District Manager Vernon B. Warr, Southwestern Bell Telephone's manager here since 1953. today was named manager of Bell's District. Announcement of the change was made by W. E. Bray, Bell's general manager, who did not name a successor to the Blytheville post. A native of Jonesboro. Mr. Wan- attended Arkansas State, prior to serving in the Field Artillery in year in written. . . , , i In contrast to this, Douglas ! ferences for the publicly-announced J Europe during world War II. claimed, 440.000 families who own j purpose of devising ways and i He joined southwestern Bell in 80 per cent of all the stock in the j means of evading the court's rul-1 1947; wor fci ng i n Jonesboro, Hot nation would save an average of more than $1,500 apiece under one provision aimed at giving relief to shareholders on dividend income. The Democratic amendment also calls for elimination of the dividend income relief section. One aim of a Republican substitute would be to save that provision. Both sides planned to have their full membership on hand for the test. There are 48 Republicans, 47 Democrats and 1 independent in the Senate. The balance of power appeared to be held by a bloc of GOP senators known to be unhappy about the dividend income relief provision in the bil without some offsetting general tax cut. mg. Tobin also said: "We are going to lean over backward to help honest, efficient Negro teachers in the solution of their problems. "We are not going to deal gently with those congenial 'Uncle Tom.s' who have a vested interest in seg- i ly. Springs and Little Rock. He replaces Eldon Chapman district manager there. Married to the former Marjorie Hockle of Jonesbroo, Mr. Warr is the father of three children. Announcement of Blytheville's new manager is to be made short- X-Ray Unit Has Its Largest Day Mobile X-Ray unit sent 524 persons through yesterday— a one-day high for the county. It pushed the two-day total of the Blytheville visit to 1,370. Volunteer registrars yesterday were the Mesdames Jerry Cohen, Albert Taylor, J.W. McHaney, Vernon Thomasson, F. L. Husband Dick White. Keith Bilbrey, J. H. Smart and Earl Damon. Compromise Sought By GOP on Farm Plan WASHINGTON (AP) — Republican House leaders cast about, today for an acceptable compromise to avert a party- splitting fight over the Eisenhower farm program. Inside Today's Courier News . . . Cardinal? Send Alston and BurfeM t» Rochester, Call Up Cunningham ... No More Fights Likely for Marciano This Year . . . Leffion Wins First Half Little League Title with Victory Over Kiwanfe ... Sporto . . . pages 10 aad 11- . . . . Otceola News and Feature . . . page «... . . . Public Beactkm to Cloud S«e4inff Varie*—Second In Series •n Rain Maken . . - page 7. . . . . . tt»enhow«r Spoke Wisely •n the Problem of Japan . • . Editorial* . . . page R. . . As the House called up for debate a bill to continue rigid high farm price supports another year, administration forces were claiming victory but appeared willing to yield some ground to avoid a party schism in an election year. Speaker Martir (R-Mass) ac- knowleded to newsmen "there has been talk of a compromise, but it hasn't reached the point where you can make a prediction." Flexible Plan Ignored No voting was likely today. The bill thf Agriculture Committee recommended to the House was stripped of the President's program of flexible price supports. Such supports, the administration argues, would tend to eliminate surpluses by lowering supports when production is high, and to stimulate production by increasing them when stocks are low. Backed by farm state members of both parties, the House bill would continue through 1955 the present level of supports on basic crops at 90 per cent of parity. The administrations plan would vary, the support level between 75 and 90 per cent. House leaders were known to be considering one compromise which would retain the flexible support provisions of the Eisenhower program while fixing a floor below which the support level could not drop. Surplus Is Issue Certain to be an issue is the glut of surpluses now held by the government under the support program—a total exceeding eVa billion dollars, and including more than a billion pounds of dairy products. While some city members complained the government was stockpiling surpluses to keep prices high, farm state members argued the surpluses were not excessive on the basic crops—cotton, wheat/ corn, rice, peanuts and tobacco. Chairman Hope <R-Kan) of the House Agriculture Committee said :he decline in farm prices already had amounted to 13 per cent in the ast two years. More, he declared, would bankrupt farmers. "While the bill brought out by the Agriculture Committee does not meet all the suggestions set r orth in the President's program, t does ccriiorm to trie spirit of the recommendations of the President Vietnam which would leave northern part in Communist hands. Nixon Defended The President told reporters with emphasis—permitting direct quotation—that "I will not be a party to any agreement, that makes anybody a slave and that's all there is to it." Eisenhower defended Vice President Nixon when asked about speech Nixon had made last weekend to the effect that the foreign policy of former Secretary of State Dean Acheson was responsible for the loss of China, Korea and led to the crisis in Indochina. A reporter said the Democrats didn't like the speech very much and asked whether Eisenhower had any observations on it. The President replied that well, first, of all, every individual is entitled to his own opinion. Second, he said, he thinks that it is his job to look ahead and not turn back. To a question whether perhaps newsmen had been wrong in saying the vice president speaks for the administration. Eisenhower said that normally he does. But he said he had not, himself, rend Nixon's as j speech and he declared that he wasn't going to be maneuvered into the position of condemning j his vice president. j Eisenhower walked into the news j conference a couple of minutes behind schedule, dressed in a tan suit and tan figured tie. First off. he said he wanted to enlist the help of news media in trying to cut the highway toll over the Fourth of July weekend. He said 400 Americans were killed last year, and he would like to see what newsmen could do about cutting it in half, by working at it every day. Many Subject;. Then, on a question and answer basis, the conference roamed over many subjects, including: Guatemala — Eisenhower said it would be deceitful if he tried to conceal hi? pleasure that Communists and their supporters are being tossed out in the Central See EISENHOWER on Page 9 By JACK RUTLEDGE GUATEMALA (AP) — The fighting was over today in Guatemala's 12-day civil "war, and the U. S. embassy hailed the outcome as a victory over communism. The new military regime called on all civilians to surrender any _ arms in their possession. It pre- i pared for Ulks with the anti-Communist insurgents on the future course of this Central American republic. Col. Carlos Castillo Armas 1 rebel forces announced that a cease fire would remain in effect pending formal armistice negotiations. Former President Jacobo Arbenz Guzman was reported to have taken refuge in the Mexican embassy here, along with Communist and leftwing leaders who had supported his regime. Monzon, Armas to Meet Col. Elfego Monzon, the leader of the new junta, called on all persons to surrender their arms or face severe punishment. The Arbenz government was said to have distributed arms to farmers and workers prior to his ouster on Sunday. Monzon and Castillo Armas were expected to meet today or tomorrow in neighboring El Salvador to work out details of both the armistice and a new government. Diplomats here In the Guatemalan capital believed the two — anti-Communists boLh — would join in still another new governing junta. The general feeling' wa.s that Castillo Annas could dictate his own terms. Monzon's four-man Junta, which took over in the capital before dawn yesterday, already had launched a roundup of Communists. Arbenz and most of the top Reds escaped for the moment, taking refuge in the Mexican Embassy. Many lesser leftists and fellow travelers were amonf; the first to denounce communism and cheer, "We have won." (The rebel's rear headquarters said late yesterday Castilo Armas was ready to discuss truce terms but insisted on assurance that the anti-Communist drive would continue.) Nuncio to Be 3rd Party The Vatican's nuncio to Guatemala. Msgr. Gennaro Verolino, agreed to be the third party at the armistice conference. Thouch no formal cra.sp-fire had INTERNATIONAL BRIDGE WASHED Ol'T — This aerial view looking- to'the U. S. side from Ciudad Acuna. Coahuila. Mexico, shows the Inter- nataional Bridge partly submerged by the Rio Grande flood waters. The river had reached, * record hieh of 40 feet. The stream bisecting- Ciu- dnd Acuna used to be a narrow arroyo. (AP Wire- photo) Council Okays Junk Yard Law Must Not Locate Closer than 300 Feet From Business/ Home A city ordinance dealing' with the Nearlv 100 miles north of the licensing and regulating junk yards'river, at Ozona, Tex., 16 persons and salvage operations was passed j were dead nnd one \vns missing nt a special call meeting of the Blytheville City Council last night at the City Hall. A petition from residents of the John B. Walker Addition asked for official action in restricting the establishment of a junk yard In a residential area. It was thought by several city officials that an ordinance already existed dealing with that type of business, but a search of the 'records did not turn up the old ordinance. One cannot be licensed if it is Closer than 300 feet from the boundary of any business or residential property. Also the location must comply with the zoning ordinances of the city. This section of the ordinance shall not apply to businesses already established and whose licenses have been paid. A bond of $1,000 must be posted by a person or firm "to guarantee full compliance with the terms and provision" of the ordinance. Before a license can be issued by the city clerk, it must have ap- been proclaimed from either side, | prnval of the mayor, city engineer, Great Loss of Life Feared in. Vast Flood LAREDO, Tex. fAP) — This border city fought for its life today in the greatest; Rio Grande flood, in history while 85 miles up the river tremendous loss of life was feared at Piedras Negras, Mexico. the river there was back in it» banks. Of the possible loss of life at Piedrns Negras, a state highway- patrolman indicated it might reach into the hundreds. No Definite Number "But we don't have any definite . number." the patrolman said, adding: "I'm sure there were a lot of lives lost. They are in awful bad shape over there. Water went over the roofs of two-story houses." He said he believed reports of 500 dead in the little Mexican city would be "grossly exaggerated." in a flash flood like several Sunday which goreed the Rio Grande out of its banks. The madly rushing waters— which rose at a.tate of three feet per hour—.snatched nt the lives and possessions of some 163,000 persons in four cities yesterday. But last niKht. police at Enple Pnss across from Piedras Negras said "Howevr," he said, "there ar« signs that a terrible lot of people took an awful beating." As the river returned to its banks nt Eagle Pass and its sister city of Piedras Negras, the big fight against the flood waters centered at Laredo and Nuevo Laredo. 'Mayor Joe Martin Jr. of Laredo said a 58-foot level had been reached shortly after 1 a.m. He said the International Bridge, a vital link on the Pan-American While the bill embodies many | with respect to adjustibility, mod- other provisions, the major fight j eration and greater farmer free- shaped up over the price prop is- dom in the operation of the farm MM. Jprofrwa," fet Mid. all fighting was believed to have halted. Latest information in the capital said the rebels held the state of Zacapa and Chinuimala, as well as Puerto Barrios, the country'5 chief nort on the CP.rib- See GUATEMALA on Page 9 Negro's Body Found Float:rg In Mississippi JOINER—Body of an unidenti- mield Negro man has been found floating- in the Mississippi River near here. Coronor E. M. Holt said the body was so decomposed as to barely be identified, but that the j man appeared to be about 30 j years old. j He fc-as clad in trunks, Mr, j Holt, said as if "he had been fish- j ing or swimming." | A group of persons from Ripley, j Tenn., — just across the river — came over to identify the body, but told officers they are looking for a 15 year old Negro boy. Due to the condition of the body, Mr. Holt said, it was impossible to determine if foul play were a factor in the death. fire, health and police departments. Penalty for violation of the ordinance was set at not less than $25 and not more than $50 for each offense, and for each day the offense continues. No other action was taken by the Proved, Dunklin County will then Council before it adjourned last navd onlv four scnoo! districts, night. Legion to Pick New Officers Tuesday Night Dud Cason Post 24 of American Legion will elect new officers Tuesday night when members 'vote on a slate recently drafted by the Post's nominating committee. Polls wilj be open at. the hut from 6 p.m. until 8:30 p.m. Here are the nominees; , Arnold Miller. Gilbert Mann, commander; Arnold Miller and Gilbert- Mann, first vice commander; Floyd Tate, second vice commander; Ed Tdwnsend and HollJs Moody, sergeant at arms: Robert Koonce, chaplain; Dr. John Elliott, post surgeon; C. A. Cunningham, post historian; Jim Stovall, post service officer. Consolidation Election Set Cardwell, Forrest Grove Are Involved KENNETT, Mo.—A special election is scheduled to be held Tuesday in the Cnrdwell and Forrest Grove school districts in the second effort this year to consolidate the two districts. Forrest. Grove residents rejected j Highway to Mexico City, was still the plan to annex their district last intact I(; WRS reported under about 18 feet of water. "We believe we have everything under control." Martin said. "We have evacuated or changed the sleeping locations of about 1,000 people." Business District Hit Only on Convent Avenue, the approach to the International Bridge, had water backed into the business district. In all. about 40 blocks paralleling the river were affected. "About 20 business buildings are under water to the top of the first Horel iVoble is throwing open its floor," Martin said. Capt. Tom Gallagher of the Laredo police, who had been in radio communication with Nuevo Laredo April by two votes, 39 to 37. Petitions from the two districts in the southwest tip of Dunklin County were filed June 18 with County School Superintendent G. H. Ridings calling for the special election. If the consolidation is ap- Open House Set For Hotel Noble doors to the citizens of Northeast Arkansas and Southeast Missouri Firady, when it has open house. Purpose of the occasion is to let the public view remodelling and other improvement, instituted by the present manager. B. A. Puryea r. Hours for the open house are 4:30 until 8:30 p.m. Dulles Speaks Tonight WASHINGTON UP) — Secretary of State Dulles tonight will review the Guatemalan situation in a television-radio report to the nation. He will speak for fifteen minutes, starting at 8:45 p. m.. EDT. ABC radio and Du Mont television will air the talk live. Other networks have scheduled later rebroadcast*. Oppenheimer Unfit for Secrets-AEC By WARREN ROGERS JR. WASHINGTON (AP) — The Atomic Energy Commission has nailed down the ban against atomic pioneer J. Robert Oppenheimer with a 4-1 declaration that he is unfit to handle America's nuclear secrets because of "defects of character . . . and dangerous associations." The commission thus closed out late yesterday its role in a long and wordy legal battle with the 50-year-old physicist who was once one of its most trusted advisers. What the next act would bring was unclear. Neither Oppenheimer nor his attorneys were saying what steps, if any, they eontrm^ated. One unanswered question: Would he appeal to President Eisen- No Direct Comment The President has declined comment in the case since, on his orders, Oppenheimpr's security clearance was suspended last December. Oppenheimer appealed then,-and uie AEC set up a special security panel to consider his case. It heard 38 witnesses, including Oppen- h^imer, and on May 27 voted 2-1 against him. Oppenheimer, in New York last night after the commission released its decision upholding the board's ruling, had no direct comment on the majority report. But he voiced confidence in the will of America's scientists to •work faithfully to preserve and strengthen this country." And he praised Dr. Henry D. Smyth, the ly commissioner to recommend ',rmont of his security clearance, as hav! \y rendered ft "fair. art •oA«d«r*4 statement." The majority report was signed by AEC Chairman Lewis L. S;.rauss and Commissioners Eugene M. Zuckert and Joseph Campbell, both of whom appended state- rae-nts of their own. Called "Disloyal" Commissioner Thomas E. Murray, agreeing with them that Op- p*nhelmer should be denied access to secrets, wrote a separate opinion which said: "Dr. Oppenheimer was disloyal" in the sense that he disregarded security regulations, But Mr. Smyth, a Princeton scientist who worked with Oppenheimer in wartime development of the atomic bomb, strenuously dis- with his four colleagues. "He is completely loyal," wrote Smyth, "and I do not believe he is a security risk." In Congress, Rep. W. Sterling Cole (R-NY), chairman of the Senne-House Atomic Energy Com- mitue, «.m h* MM ao reuo* to challenge the commission's decision. He said there had been no i request for any move by the committee, which keeps tabs on commission activities. Opjenheim^r, now director of a private research group called the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton, N.J., winds up his ca- reei as an AEC consultant today, with i expiration of his contract. / Half Million Word* The security board which weighed his case last spring heard a half-million words of testimony and ruled Oppenheimer was loyal but a security risk. As the commission majority saw it, the issue was whether it was in the interest of national security to let Oppenheimer see "some o* the most vital secrets in the possession of the United States." "Substantial defects of charter and imprudent and dan- M FM« § police, said that three fourths of the Mexican city's business district was under water. Tension had eased at Eagle Pass when the crest of 53.6 feet passed yesterday at 4:30 a.m., but concern continued for Piedras Negras' 35,000 residents. State disaster and relief control headquarters estimated from 20,000 to 30,000 home- Tess there. A reporter, after flying over the Mexican city, said, "They're in a desperate situation. I saw about 1,000 persons stranded on rooftops and 1,000 more camped in the hills. I don't know what happened to the rest," Another cloudburst hit west Texas yesterday at Lamesa, 300 miles north of the Rio Grande. Some 40 families wre evacuated and water rose to rooftops in two residential sections. But there was no reported loss of life. Weather ARKANSAS — Partly cloudy -this afternoon, tonight and Thursday with widely scattered thunder showers; no important temperatur* MISSOURI — Partly cloudy to- changes. day, tonight and Thursday; scattered afternoon and evening thunder storms mostly south this afternoon.. Maximum yesterday—-98. Minimum this morning—71. Sunset today—7:17. Sunrise tomorrow—4:*). Mean temperature (tnidwaf betweon high and low)—M.S. Precipitation lit 34 hour* *• 7 JO a.m. today—none. Precipitation Jan. 1 to data—25.54. This Date U*t Year Maximum yesterday—95. Minimum this morning—78. Preoi»lt*tMMft JMUMOr 1 * M.4*,

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